Abstract

This paper describes a device for measuring the radiation intensity of sources of vacuum ultraviolet radiation, consisting of a flow-through ionization chamber that operates in the total-radiation-absorption regime at atmospheric pressure. Examples of the use of this chamber to measure the radiation intensity of sealed photoionization lamps are described. The main advantage of the device is that it does not require periodic calibration or complex metrological assurance.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. L. P. Shishatskaya, S. A. Yakovlev, and G. A. Volkova, “Gas-discharge lamps for the vacuum ultraviolet,” Opt. Zh. No. 7, 72 (1995). [J. Opt. Technol. 62, 477 (1995)].
  2. V. L. Budovich, D. V. Budovich, and E. B. Polotnyuk, “New vacuum ultraviolet lamps for gas analysis,” Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 76, 140 (2006). [Tech. Phys. 51, 529 (2006)].
  3. M. I. Northway, J. T. Jayne, D. W. Toohey, M. R. Canagaratna, A. Trimborn, K. I. Akiyama, A. Shimono, J. L. Jimenez, P. F. DeCarlo, K. R. Wilsong, and D. R. Worsnop, “Demonstration of VUV lamp photoionization source for improved organic speciation in an aerosol mass spectrometer,” Aerosol Sci. Technology 41, 828 (2007).
  4. V. Yushkov, “Stratospheric water-vapour measurements in the winter arctic with optical fluorescent hygrometer on short- and long-duration balloons,” in Proceedings of the Fifteenth ESA Symposium on European Rocket and Balloon Programmes, 2001, pp. 263–268.
  5. É. A. Sosnin, É. A. Zakharova, M. L. Moskaleva, and V. N. Batalova, “Electrochemical methanol actinometer and its use for measuring the VUV intensity of a Xe2* lamp,” Prib. Tekhnika Éksp. No. 1, 109 (2006).
  6. A. K. Stober, R. Skolnik, and J. P. Hennes, “A vacuum ultraviolet photoionization detector,” Appl. Opt. 2, 735 (1963).
  7. J. H. Carver and P. Mitchell, “Ionization chamber for the vacuum ultraviolet,” J. Sci. Instrum. 41, 555 (1964).
  8. A. Costela, R. G. Caro, and C. E. Webb, “Simple ionization chamber for VUV detection,” J. Phys. E 16, 742 (1983).
  9. H. W. Jochims, H. Baumgärtel, and S. Leach, “Photoionization quantum yields of polycyclic aromatic compounds,” Astron. Astrophys. 314, 1003 (1996).
  10. H. Koizumi, K. Shinsaka, T. Yoshimi, K. Hironaka, S. Arai, M. Ukai, M. Morita, H. Nakazawa, A. Kimura, Y. Hatano, Y. Ito, Y. Zhang, A. Yagishita, K. Ito, and K. Tanaka, “Ionization efficiencies of C3H6,C4H8,C6H12,C2H6O and C3H8O isomers,” Rad. Phys. Chem. 32, No. 1, 11 (1988).
  11. S. A. Yakovlev and I. A. Nevyazhskaya, “Xenon and krypton resonance lamps,” The Fifth All-Union Scientific–Technical Conference on Photometry and Its Metrological Assurance, Abstracts of Reports, Moscow, 1984.
  12. V. L. Granovski?, Electric Current in a Gas (Steady-State Current), (Moscow, 1971), p. 54.
  13. R. F. Feng, G. Cooper, and C. E. Brion, “Dipole (e,e + ion) spectroscopic studies of benzene: absolute oscillator strength for molecular and dissociative photoionization in the VUV and soft X-ray region,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 123, 199 (2002).
  14. Z. Zhou, M. Xie, Z. Wang, and F. Qi, “Determination of absolute photoionization cross-sections of aromatics and aromatics derivatives,” Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 23, 3994 (2009).
    [PubMed]

2009

Z. Zhou, M. Xie, Z. Wang, and F. Qi, “Determination of absolute photoionization cross-sections of aromatics and aromatics derivatives,” Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 23, 3994 (2009).
[PubMed]

2007

M. I. Northway, J. T. Jayne, D. W. Toohey, M. R. Canagaratna, A. Trimborn, K. I. Akiyama, A. Shimono, J. L. Jimenez, P. F. DeCarlo, K. R. Wilsong, and D. R. Worsnop, “Demonstration of VUV lamp photoionization source for improved organic speciation in an aerosol mass spectrometer,” Aerosol Sci. Technology 41, 828 (2007).

2006

É. A. Sosnin, É. A. Zakharova, M. L. Moskaleva, and V. N. Batalova, “Electrochemical methanol actinometer and its use for measuring the VUV intensity of a Xe2* lamp,” Prib. Tekhnika Éksp. No. 1, 109 (2006).

V. L. Budovich, D. V. Budovich, and E. B. Polotnyuk, “New vacuum ultraviolet lamps for gas analysis,” Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 76, 140 (2006). [Tech. Phys. 51, 529 (2006)].

2002

R. F. Feng, G. Cooper, and C. E. Brion, “Dipole (e,e + ion) spectroscopic studies of benzene: absolute oscillator strength for molecular and dissociative photoionization in the VUV and soft X-ray region,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 123, 199 (2002).

1996

H. W. Jochims, H. Baumgärtel, and S. Leach, “Photoionization quantum yields of polycyclic aromatic compounds,” Astron. Astrophys. 314, 1003 (1996).

1995

L. P. Shishatskaya, S. A. Yakovlev, and G. A. Volkova, “Gas-discharge lamps for the vacuum ultraviolet,” Opt. Zh. No. 7, 72 (1995). [J. Opt. Technol. 62, 477 (1995)].

1988

H. Koizumi, K. Shinsaka, T. Yoshimi, K. Hironaka, S. Arai, M. Ukai, M. Morita, H. Nakazawa, A. Kimura, Y. Hatano, Y. Ito, Y. Zhang, A. Yagishita, K. Ito, and K. Tanaka, “Ionization efficiencies of C3H6,C4H8,C6H12,C2H6O and C3H8O isomers,” Rad. Phys. Chem. 32, No. 1, 11 (1988).

1983

A. Costela, R. G. Caro, and C. E. Webb, “Simple ionization chamber for VUV detection,” J. Phys. E 16, 742 (1983).

1964

J. H. Carver and P. Mitchell, “Ionization chamber for the vacuum ultraviolet,” J. Sci. Instrum. 41, 555 (1964).

1963

Akiyama, K. I.

M. I. Northway, J. T. Jayne, D. W. Toohey, M. R. Canagaratna, A. Trimborn, K. I. Akiyama, A. Shimono, J. L. Jimenez, P. F. DeCarlo, K. R. Wilsong, and D. R. Worsnop, “Demonstration of VUV lamp photoionization source for improved organic speciation in an aerosol mass spectrometer,” Aerosol Sci. Technology 41, 828 (2007).

Arai, S.

H. Koizumi, K. Shinsaka, T. Yoshimi, K. Hironaka, S. Arai, M. Ukai, M. Morita, H. Nakazawa, A. Kimura, Y. Hatano, Y. Ito, Y. Zhang, A. Yagishita, K. Ito, and K. Tanaka, “Ionization efficiencies of C3H6,C4H8,C6H12,C2H6O and C3H8O isomers,” Rad. Phys. Chem. 32, No. 1, 11 (1988).

Batalova, V. N.

É. A. Sosnin, É. A. Zakharova, M. L. Moskaleva, and V. N. Batalova, “Electrochemical methanol actinometer and its use for measuring the VUV intensity of a Xe2* lamp,” Prib. Tekhnika Éksp. No. 1, 109 (2006).

Baumgärtel, H.

H. W. Jochims, H. Baumgärtel, and S. Leach, “Photoionization quantum yields of polycyclic aromatic compounds,” Astron. Astrophys. 314, 1003 (1996).

Brion, C. E.

R. F. Feng, G. Cooper, and C. E. Brion, “Dipole (e,e + ion) spectroscopic studies of benzene: absolute oscillator strength for molecular and dissociative photoionization in the VUV and soft X-ray region,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 123, 199 (2002).

Budovich, D. V.

V. L. Budovich, D. V. Budovich, and E. B. Polotnyuk, “New vacuum ultraviolet lamps for gas analysis,” Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 76, 140 (2006). [Tech. Phys. 51, 529 (2006)].

Budovich, V. L.

V. L. Budovich, D. V. Budovich, and E. B. Polotnyuk, “New vacuum ultraviolet lamps for gas analysis,” Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 76, 140 (2006). [Tech. Phys. 51, 529 (2006)].

Canagaratna, M. R.

M. I. Northway, J. T. Jayne, D. W. Toohey, M. R. Canagaratna, A. Trimborn, K. I. Akiyama, A. Shimono, J. L. Jimenez, P. F. DeCarlo, K. R. Wilsong, and D. R. Worsnop, “Demonstration of VUV lamp photoionization source for improved organic speciation in an aerosol mass spectrometer,” Aerosol Sci. Technology 41, 828 (2007).

Caro, R. G.

A. Costela, R. G. Caro, and C. E. Webb, “Simple ionization chamber for VUV detection,” J. Phys. E 16, 742 (1983).

Carver, J. H.

J. H. Carver and P. Mitchell, “Ionization chamber for the vacuum ultraviolet,” J. Sci. Instrum. 41, 555 (1964).

Cooper, G.

R. F. Feng, G. Cooper, and C. E. Brion, “Dipole (e,e + ion) spectroscopic studies of benzene: absolute oscillator strength for molecular and dissociative photoionization in the VUV and soft X-ray region,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 123, 199 (2002).

Costela, A.

A. Costela, R. G. Caro, and C. E. Webb, “Simple ionization chamber for VUV detection,” J. Phys. E 16, 742 (1983).

DeCarlo, P. F.

M. I. Northway, J. T. Jayne, D. W. Toohey, M. R. Canagaratna, A. Trimborn, K. I. Akiyama, A. Shimono, J. L. Jimenez, P. F. DeCarlo, K. R. Wilsong, and D. R. Worsnop, “Demonstration of VUV lamp photoionization source for improved organic speciation in an aerosol mass spectrometer,” Aerosol Sci. Technology 41, 828 (2007).

Feng, R. F.

R. F. Feng, G. Cooper, and C. E. Brion, “Dipole (e,e + ion) spectroscopic studies of benzene: absolute oscillator strength for molecular and dissociative photoionization in the VUV and soft X-ray region,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 123, 199 (2002).

Granovskii, V. L.

V. L. Granovski?, Electric Current in a Gas (Steady-State Current), (Moscow, 1971), p. 54.

Hatano, Y.

H. Koizumi, K. Shinsaka, T. Yoshimi, K. Hironaka, S. Arai, M. Ukai, M. Morita, H. Nakazawa, A. Kimura, Y. Hatano, Y. Ito, Y. Zhang, A. Yagishita, K. Ito, and K. Tanaka, “Ionization efficiencies of C3H6,C4H8,C6H12,C2H6O and C3H8O isomers,” Rad. Phys. Chem. 32, No. 1, 11 (1988).

Hennes, J. P.

Hironaka, K.

H. Koizumi, K. Shinsaka, T. Yoshimi, K. Hironaka, S. Arai, M. Ukai, M. Morita, H. Nakazawa, A. Kimura, Y. Hatano, Y. Ito, Y. Zhang, A. Yagishita, K. Ito, and K. Tanaka, “Ionization efficiencies of C3H6,C4H8,C6H12,C2H6O and C3H8O isomers,” Rad. Phys. Chem. 32, No. 1, 11 (1988).

Ito, K.

H. Koizumi, K. Shinsaka, T. Yoshimi, K. Hironaka, S. Arai, M. Ukai, M. Morita, H. Nakazawa, A. Kimura, Y. Hatano, Y. Ito, Y. Zhang, A. Yagishita, K. Ito, and K. Tanaka, “Ionization efficiencies of C3H6,C4H8,C6H12,C2H6O and C3H8O isomers,” Rad. Phys. Chem. 32, No. 1, 11 (1988).

Ito, Y.

H. Koizumi, K. Shinsaka, T. Yoshimi, K. Hironaka, S. Arai, M. Ukai, M. Morita, H. Nakazawa, A. Kimura, Y. Hatano, Y. Ito, Y. Zhang, A. Yagishita, K. Ito, and K. Tanaka, “Ionization efficiencies of C3H6,C4H8,C6H12,C2H6O and C3H8O isomers,” Rad. Phys. Chem. 32, No. 1, 11 (1988).

Jayne, J. T.

M. I. Northway, J. T. Jayne, D. W. Toohey, M. R. Canagaratna, A. Trimborn, K. I. Akiyama, A. Shimono, J. L. Jimenez, P. F. DeCarlo, K. R. Wilsong, and D. R. Worsnop, “Demonstration of VUV lamp photoionization source for improved organic speciation in an aerosol mass spectrometer,” Aerosol Sci. Technology 41, 828 (2007).

Jimenez, J. L.

M. I. Northway, J. T. Jayne, D. W. Toohey, M. R. Canagaratna, A. Trimborn, K. I. Akiyama, A. Shimono, J. L. Jimenez, P. F. DeCarlo, K. R. Wilsong, and D. R. Worsnop, “Demonstration of VUV lamp photoionization source for improved organic speciation in an aerosol mass spectrometer,” Aerosol Sci. Technology 41, 828 (2007).

Jochims, H. W.

H. W. Jochims, H. Baumgärtel, and S. Leach, “Photoionization quantum yields of polycyclic aromatic compounds,” Astron. Astrophys. 314, 1003 (1996).

Kimura, A.

H. Koizumi, K. Shinsaka, T. Yoshimi, K. Hironaka, S. Arai, M. Ukai, M. Morita, H. Nakazawa, A. Kimura, Y. Hatano, Y. Ito, Y. Zhang, A. Yagishita, K. Ito, and K. Tanaka, “Ionization efficiencies of C3H6,C4H8,C6H12,C2H6O and C3H8O isomers,” Rad. Phys. Chem. 32, No. 1, 11 (1988).

Koizumi, H.

H. Koizumi, K. Shinsaka, T. Yoshimi, K. Hironaka, S. Arai, M. Ukai, M. Morita, H. Nakazawa, A. Kimura, Y. Hatano, Y. Ito, Y. Zhang, A. Yagishita, K. Ito, and K. Tanaka, “Ionization efficiencies of C3H6,C4H8,C6H12,C2H6O and C3H8O isomers,” Rad. Phys. Chem. 32, No. 1, 11 (1988).

Leach, S.

H. W. Jochims, H. Baumgärtel, and S. Leach, “Photoionization quantum yields of polycyclic aromatic compounds,” Astron. Astrophys. 314, 1003 (1996).

Mitchell, P.

J. H. Carver and P. Mitchell, “Ionization chamber for the vacuum ultraviolet,” J. Sci. Instrum. 41, 555 (1964).

Morita, M.

H. Koizumi, K. Shinsaka, T. Yoshimi, K. Hironaka, S. Arai, M. Ukai, M. Morita, H. Nakazawa, A. Kimura, Y. Hatano, Y. Ito, Y. Zhang, A. Yagishita, K. Ito, and K. Tanaka, “Ionization efficiencies of C3H6,C4H8,C6H12,C2H6O and C3H8O isomers,” Rad. Phys. Chem. 32, No. 1, 11 (1988).

Moskaleva, M. L.

É. A. Sosnin, É. A. Zakharova, M. L. Moskaleva, and V. N. Batalova, “Electrochemical methanol actinometer and its use for measuring the VUV intensity of a Xe2* lamp,” Prib. Tekhnika Éksp. No. 1, 109 (2006).

Nakazawa, H.

H. Koizumi, K. Shinsaka, T. Yoshimi, K. Hironaka, S. Arai, M. Ukai, M. Morita, H. Nakazawa, A. Kimura, Y. Hatano, Y. Ito, Y. Zhang, A. Yagishita, K. Ito, and K. Tanaka, “Ionization efficiencies of C3H6,C4H8,C6H12,C2H6O and C3H8O isomers,” Rad. Phys. Chem. 32, No. 1, 11 (1988).

Nevyazhskaya, I. A.

S. A. Yakovlev and I. A. Nevyazhskaya, “Xenon and krypton resonance lamps,” The Fifth All-Union Scientific–Technical Conference on Photometry and Its Metrological Assurance, Abstracts of Reports, Moscow, 1984.

Northway, M. I.

M. I. Northway, J. T. Jayne, D. W. Toohey, M. R. Canagaratna, A. Trimborn, K. I. Akiyama, A. Shimono, J. L. Jimenez, P. F. DeCarlo, K. R. Wilsong, and D. R. Worsnop, “Demonstration of VUV lamp photoionization source for improved organic speciation in an aerosol mass spectrometer,” Aerosol Sci. Technology 41, 828 (2007).

Polotnyuk, E. B.

V. L. Budovich, D. V. Budovich, and E. B. Polotnyuk, “New vacuum ultraviolet lamps for gas analysis,” Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 76, 140 (2006). [Tech. Phys. 51, 529 (2006)].

Qi, F.

Z. Zhou, M. Xie, Z. Wang, and F. Qi, “Determination of absolute photoionization cross-sections of aromatics and aromatics derivatives,” Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 23, 3994 (2009).
[PubMed]

Shimono, A.

M. I. Northway, J. T. Jayne, D. W. Toohey, M. R. Canagaratna, A. Trimborn, K. I. Akiyama, A. Shimono, J. L. Jimenez, P. F. DeCarlo, K. R. Wilsong, and D. R. Worsnop, “Demonstration of VUV lamp photoionization source for improved organic speciation in an aerosol mass spectrometer,” Aerosol Sci. Technology 41, 828 (2007).

Shinsaka, K.

H. Koizumi, K. Shinsaka, T. Yoshimi, K. Hironaka, S. Arai, M. Ukai, M. Morita, H. Nakazawa, A. Kimura, Y. Hatano, Y. Ito, Y. Zhang, A. Yagishita, K. Ito, and K. Tanaka, “Ionization efficiencies of C3H6,C4H8,C6H12,C2H6O and C3H8O isomers,” Rad. Phys. Chem. 32, No. 1, 11 (1988).

Shishatskaya, L. P.

L. P. Shishatskaya, S. A. Yakovlev, and G. A. Volkova, “Gas-discharge lamps for the vacuum ultraviolet,” Opt. Zh. No. 7, 72 (1995). [J. Opt. Technol. 62, 477 (1995)].

Skolnik, R.

Sosnin, É. A.

É. A. Sosnin, É. A. Zakharova, M. L. Moskaleva, and V. N. Batalova, “Electrochemical methanol actinometer and its use for measuring the VUV intensity of a Xe2* lamp,” Prib. Tekhnika Éksp. No. 1, 109 (2006).

Stober, A. K.

Tanaka, K.

H. Koizumi, K. Shinsaka, T. Yoshimi, K. Hironaka, S. Arai, M. Ukai, M. Morita, H. Nakazawa, A. Kimura, Y. Hatano, Y. Ito, Y. Zhang, A. Yagishita, K. Ito, and K. Tanaka, “Ionization efficiencies of C3H6,C4H8,C6H12,C2H6O and C3H8O isomers,” Rad. Phys. Chem. 32, No. 1, 11 (1988).

Toohey, D. W.

M. I. Northway, J. T. Jayne, D. W. Toohey, M. R. Canagaratna, A. Trimborn, K. I. Akiyama, A. Shimono, J. L. Jimenez, P. F. DeCarlo, K. R. Wilsong, and D. R. Worsnop, “Demonstration of VUV lamp photoionization source for improved organic speciation in an aerosol mass spectrometer,” Aerosol Sci. Technology 41, 828 (2007).

Trimborn, A.

M. I. Northway, J. T. Jayne, D. W. Toohey, M. R. Canagaratna, A. Trimborn, K. I. Akiyama, A. Shimono, J. L. Jimenez, P. F. DeCarlo, K. R. Wilsong, and D. R. Worsnop, “Demonstration of VUV lamp photoionization source for improved organic speciation in an aerosol mass spectrometer,” Aerosol Sci. Technology 41, 828 (2007).

Ukai, M.

H. Koizumi, K. Shinsaka, T. Yoshimi, K. Hironaka, S. Arai, M. Ukai, M. Morita, H. Nakazawa, A. Kimura, Y. Hatano, Y. Ito, Y. Zhang, A. Yagishita, K. Ito, and K. Tanaka, “Ionization efficiencies of C3H6,C4H8,C6H12,C2H6O and C3H8O isomers,” Rad. Phys. Chem. 32, No. 1, 11 (1988).

Volkova, G. A.

L. P. Shishatskaya, S. A. Yakovlev, and G. A. Volkova, “Gas-discharge lamps for the vacuum ultraviolet,” Opt. Zh. No. 7, 72 (1995). [J. Opt. Technol. 62, 477 (1995)].

Wang, Z.

Z. Zhou, M. Xie, Z. Wang, and F. Qi, “Determination of absolute photoionization cross-sections of aromatics and aromatics derivatives,” Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 23, 3994 (2009).
[PubMed]

Webb, C. E.

A. Costela, R. G. Caro, and C. E. Webb, “Simple ionization chamber for VUV detection,” J. Phys. E 16, 742 (1983).

Wilsong, K. R.

M. I. Northway, J. T. Jayne, D. W. Toohey, M. R. Canagaratna, A. Trimborn, K. I. Akiyama, A. Shimono, J. L. Jimenez, P. F. DeCarlo, K. R. Wilsong, and D. R. Worsnop, “Demonstration of VUV lamp photoionization source for improved organic speciation in an aerosol mass spectrometer,” Aerosol Sci. Technology 41, 828 (2007).

Worsnop, D. R.

M. I. Northway, J. T. Jayne, D. W. Toohey, M. R. Canagaratna, A. Trimborn, K. I. Akiyama, A. Shimono, J. L. Jimenez, P. F. DeCarlo, K. R. Wilsong, and D. R. Worsnop, “Demonstration of VUV lamp photoionization source for improved organic speciation in an aerosol mass spectrometer,” Aerosol Sci. Technology 41, 828 (2007).

Xie, M.

Z. Zhou, M. Xie, Z. Wang, and F. Qi, “Determination of absolute photoionization cross-sections of aromatics and aromatics derivatives,” Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 23, 3994 (2009).
[PubMed]

Yagishita, A.

H. Koizumi, K. Shinsaka, T. Yoshimi, K. Hironaka, S. Arai, M. Ukai, M. Morita, H. Nakazawa, A. Kimura, Y. Hatano, Y. Ito, Y. Zhang, A. Yagishita, K. Ito, and K. Tanaka, “Ionization efficiencies of C3H6,C4H8,C6H12,C2H6O and C3H8O isomers,” Rad. Phys. Chem. 32, No. 1, 11 (1988).

Yakovlev, S. A.

L. P. Shishatskaya, S. A. Yakovlev, and G. A. Volkova, “Gas-discharge lamps for the vacuum ultraviolet,” Opt. Zh. No. 7, 72 (1995). [J. Opt. Technol. 62, 477 (1995)].

S. A. Yakovlev and I. A. Nevyazhskaya, “Xenon and krypton resonance lamps,” The Fifth All-Union Scientific–Technical Conference on Photometry and Its Metrological Assurance, Abstracts of Reports, Moscow, 1984.

Yoshimi, T.

H. Koizumi, K. Shinsaka, T. Yoshimi, K. Hironaka, S. Arai, M. Ukai, M. Morita, H. Nakazawa, A. Kimura, Y. Hatano, Y. Ito, Y. Zhang, A. Yagishita, K. Ito, and K. Tanaka, “Ionization efficiencies of C3H6,C4H8,C6H12,C2H6O and C3H8O isomers,” Rad. Phys. Chem. 32, No. 1, 11 (1988).

Yushkov, V.

V. Yushkov, “Stratospheric water-vapour measurements in the winter arctic with optical fluorescent hygrometer on short- and long-duration balloons,” in Proceedings of the Fifteenth ESA Symposium on European Rocket and Balloon Programmes, 2001, pp. 263–268.

Zakharova, É. A.

É. A. Sosnin, É. A. Zakharova, M. L. Moskaleva, and V. N. Batalova, “Electrochemical methanol actinometer and its use for measuring the VUV intensity of a Xe2* lamp,” Prib. Tekhnika Éksp. No. 1, 109 (2006).

Zhang, Y.

H. Koizumi, K. Shinsaka, T. Yoshimi, K. Hironaka, S. Arai, M. Ukai, M. Morita, H. Nakazawa, A. Kimura, Y. Hatano, Y. Ito, Y. Zhang, A. Yagishita, K. Ito, and K. Tanaka, “Ionization efficiencies of C3H6,C4H8,C6H12,C2H6O and C3H8O isomers,” Rad. Phys. Chem. 32, No. 1, 11 (1988).

Zhou, Z.

Z. Zhou, M. Xie, Z. Wang, and F. Qi, “Determination of absolute photoionization cross-sections of aromatics and aromatics derivatives,” Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 23, 3994 (2009).
[PubMed]

Aerosol Sci. Technology

M. I. Northway, J. T. Jayne, D. W. Toohey, M. R. Canagaratna, A. Trimborn, K. I. Akiyama, A. Shimono, J. L. Jimenez, P. F. DeCarlo, K. R. Wilsong, and D. R. Worsnop, “Demonstration of VUV lamp photoionization source for improved organic speciation in an aerosol mass spectrometer,” Aerosol Sci. Technology 41, 828 (2007).

Appl. Opt.

Astron. Astrophys.

H. W. Jochims, H. Baumgärtel, and S. Leach, “Photoionization quantum yields of polycyclic aromatic compounds,” Astron. Astrophys. 314, 1003 (1996).

J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom.

R. F. Feng, G. Cooper, and C. E. Brion, “Dipole (e,e + ion) spectroscopic studies of benzene: absolute oscillator strength for molecular and dissociative photoionization in the VUV and soft X-ray region,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 123, 199 (2002).

J. Phys. E

A. Costela, R. G. Caro, and C. E. Webb, “Simple ionization chamber for VUV detection,” J. Phys. E 16, 742 (1983).

J. Sci. Instrum.

J. H. Carver and P. Mitchell, “Ionization chamber for the vacuum ultraviolet,” J. Sci. Instrum. 41, 555 (1964).

Opt. Zh.

L. P. Shishatskaya, S. A. Yakovlev, and G. A. Volkova, “Gas-discharge lamps for the vacuum ultraviolet,” Opt. Zh. No. 7, 72 (1995). [J. Opt. Technol. 62, 477 (1995)].

Prib. Tekhnika Éksp.

É. A. Sosnin, É. A. Zakharova, M. L. Moskaleva, and V. N. Batalova, “Electrochemical methanol actinometer and its use for measuring the VUV intensity of a Xe2* lamp,” Prib. Tekhnika Éksp. No. 1, 109 (2006).

Rad. Phys. Chem.

H. Koizumi, K. Shinsaka, T. Yoshimi, K. Hironaka, S. Arai, M. Ukai, M. Morita, H. Nakazawa, A. Kimura, Y. Hatano, Y. Ito, Y. Zhang, A. Yagishita, K. Ito, and K. Tanaka, “Ionization efficiencies of C3H6,C4H8,C6H12,C2H6O and C3H8O isomers,” Rad. Phys. Chem. 32, No. 1, 11 (1988).

Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom.

Z. Zhou, M. Xie, Z. Wang, and F. Qi, “Determination of absolute photoionization cross-sections of aromatics and aromatics derivatives,” Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 23, 3994 (2009).
[PubMed]

Zh. Tekh. Fiz.

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Other

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S. A. Yakovlev and I. A. Nevyazhskaya, “Xenon and krypton resonance lamps,” The Fifth All-Union Scientific–Technical Conference on Photometry and Its Metrological Assurance, Abstracts of Reports, Moscow, 1984.

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