Abstract

The paper describes an apparatus for investigating Raman scattering in carbon nanotubes. Experimental results are presented. Based on these results, the requirements on the optical characteristics of a specialized compact spectrograph for analyzing carbon nanotubes are worked out, and an optical layout is designed, using a technique for designing a flat-field spectrograph. The proposed spectrograph provides a spectral resolution of 3.5 cm<sup>−1</sup>.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. R. H. Baughman, A. A. Zakhidov, and W. A. de Heer, “Carbon nanotubes—the route toward applications,” Science 297, 787 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. H. S. Nalwa, “Structural characterization of single-wall carbon nanotubes,” in Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (Am. Sci. Pub, Valencia, CA, 2004), vol. 10, pp. 125–147.
  3. A. Jorio, M. A. Pimenta, A. G. Souza Filho, R. Saito, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “Characterizing carbon nanotube samples with resonance Raman scattering,” New J. Phys. 5, 139 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, M. S. Dresselhaus, and S. Lefrant, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering on single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 362, 2361 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. Graupner, “Raman spectroscopy of covalently functionalized single-wall carbon nanotubes,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 38, 673 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Dresselhaus, R. Saito, and A. Jorio, “Raman spectroscopy of carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rep. 409, 47 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. X. Zhao, Y. Ando, L.-C. Qin, H. Kataura, Y. Maniwa, and R. Saito, “Characteristic Raman spectra of multi-walled carbon nanotubes,” Physica B 323, 265 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. N. K. Pavlycheva, Spectral Devices with Nonclassical Diffraction Gratings (Izd. Kazan. Gos. Tekhn. Univ, Kazan, 2003).
  9. N. K. Pavlycheva, A. A. Peplov, and A. P. Demin, “Compact spectrometer with wide applicability,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 3, 29 (2007). [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 173 (2007)].
  10. N. K. Pavlycheva, I. G. Venderevskaya, and M. Khasan, “Spectrograph for studying the spectrum of carbon nanotubes,” in Collection of Papers of the Ninth International Conference on Applied Optics 2010, vol. 1, St. Petersburg, 18–22 Oct. 2010, pp. 191–194.

2007 (2)

R. Graupner, “Raman spectroscopy of covalently functionalized single-wall carbon nanotubes,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 38, 673 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. K. Pavlycheva, A. A. Peplov, and A. P. Demin, “Compact spectrometer with wide applicability,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 3, 29 (2007). [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 173 (2007)].

2005 (1)

M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Dresselhaus, R. Saito, and A. Jorio, “Raman spectroscopy of carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rep. 409, 47 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, M. S. Dresselhaus, and S. Lefrant, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering on single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 362, 2361 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

A. Jorio, M. A. Pimenta, A. G. Souza Filho, R. Saito, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “Characterizing carbon nanotube samples with resonance Raman scattering,” New J. Phys. 5, 139 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

R. H. Baughman, A. A. Zakhidov, and W. A. de Heer, “Carbon nanotubes—the route toward applications,” Science 297, 787 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Zhao, Y. Ando, L.-C. Qin, H. Kataura, Y. Maniwa, and R. Saito, “Characteristic Raman spectra of multi-walled carbon nanotubes,” Physica B 323, 265 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ando, Y.

X. Zhao, Y. Ando, L.-C. Qin, H. Kataura, Y. Maniwa, and R. Saito, “Characteristic Raman spectra of multi-walled carbon nanotubes,” Physica B 323, 265 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Baughman, R. H.

R. H. Baughman, A. A. Zakhidov, and W. A. de Heer, “Carbon nanotubes—the route toward applications,” Science 297, 787 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Heer, W. A.

R. H. Baughman, A. A. Zakhidov, and W. A. de Heer, “Carbon nanotubes—the route toward applications,” Science 297, 787 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Demin, A. P.

N. K. Pavlycheva, A. A. Peplov, and A. P. Demin, “Compact spectrometer with wide applicability,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 3, 29 (2007). [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 173 (2007)].

Dresselhaus, G.

M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Dresselhaus, R. Saito, and A. Jorio, “Raman spectroscopy of carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rep. 409, 47 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Jorio, M. A. Pimenta, A. G. Souza Filho, R. Saito, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “Characterizing carbon nanotube samples with resonance Raman scattering,” New J. Phys. 5, 139 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dresselhaus, M. S.

M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Dresselhaus, R. Saito, and A. Jorio, “Raman spectroscopy of carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rep. 409, 47 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, M. S. Dresselhaus, and S. Lefrant, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering on single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 362, 2361 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Jorio, M. A. Pimenta, A. G. Souza Filho, R. Saito, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “Characterizing carbon nanotube samples with resonance Raman scattering,” New J. Phys. 5, 139 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Graupner, R.

R. Graupner, “Raman spectroscopy of covalently functionalized single-wall carbon nanotubes,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 38, 673 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jorio, A.

M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Dresselhaus, R. Saito, and A. Jorio, “Raman spectroscopy of carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rep. 409, 47 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Jorio, M. A. Pimenta, A. G. Souza Filho, R. Saito, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “Characterizing carbon nanotube samples with resonance Raman scattering,” New J. Phys. 5, 139 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kataura, H.

X. Zhao, Y. Ando, L.-C. Qin, H. Kataura, Y. Maniwa, and R. Saito, “Characteristic Raman spectra of multi-walled carbon nanotubes,” Physica B 323, 265 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Khasan, M.

N. K. Pavlycheva, I. G. Venderevskaya, and M. Khasan, “Spectrograph for studying the spectrum of carbon nanotubes,” in Collection of Papers of the Ninth International Conference on Applied Optics 2010, vol. 1, St. Petersburg, 18–22 Oct. 2010, pp. 191–194.

Kneipp, H.

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, M. S. Dresselhaus, and S. Lefrant, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering on single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 362, 2361 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kneipp, K.

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, M. S. Dresselhaus, and S. Lefrant, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering on single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 362, 2361 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lefrant, S.

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, M. S. Dresselhaus, and S. Lefrant, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering on single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 362, 2361 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Maniwa, Y.

X. Zhao, Y. Ando, L.-C. Qin, H. Kataura, Y. Maniwa, and R. Saito, “Characteristic Raman spectra of multi-walled carbon nanotubes,” Physica B 323, 265 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nalwa, H. S.

H. S. Nalwa, “Structural characterization of single-wall carbon nanotubes,” in Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (Am. Sci. Pub, Valencia, CA, 2004), vol. 10, pp. 125–147.

Pavlycheva, N. K.

N. K. Pavlycheva, A. A. Peplov, and A. P. Demin, “Compact spectrometer with wide applicability,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 3, 29 (2007). [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 173 (2007)].

N. K. Pavlycheva, Spectral Devices with Nonclassical Diffraction Gratings (Izd. Kazan. Gos. Tekhn. Univ, Kazan, 2003).

N. K. Pavlycheva, I. G. Venderevskaya, and M. Khasan, “Spectrograph for studying the spectrum of carbon nanotubes,” in Collection of Papers of the Ninth International Conference on Applied Optics 2010, vol. 1, St. Petersburg, 18–22 Oct. 2010, pp. 191–194.

Peplov, A. A.

N. K. Pavlycheva, A. A. Peplov, and A. P. Demin, “Compact spectrometer with wide applicability,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 3, 29 (2007). [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 173 (2007)].

Pimenta, M. A.

A. Jorio, M. A. Pimenta, A. G. Souza Filho, R. Saito, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “Characterizing carbon nanotube samples with resonance Raman scattering,” New J. Phys. 5, 139 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Qin, L.-C.

X. Zhao, Y. Ando, L.-C. Qin, H. Kataura, Y. Maniwa, and R. Saito, “Characteristic Raman spectra of multi-walled carbon nanotubes,” Physica B 323, 265 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Saito, R.

M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Dresselhaus, R. Saito, and A. Jorio, “Raman spectroscopy of carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rep. 409, 47 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Jorio, M. A. Pimenta, A. G. Souza Filho, R. Saito, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “Characterizing carbon nanotube samples with resonance Raman scattering,” New J. Phys. 5, 139 (2003).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhao, Y. Ando, L.-C. Qin, H. Kataura, Y. Maniwa, and R. Saito, “Characteristic Raman spectra of multi-walled carbon nanotubes,” Physica B 323, 265 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Souza Filho, A. G.

A. Jorio, M. A. Pimenta, A. G. Souza Filho, R. Saito, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “Characterizing carbon nanotube samples with resonance Raman scattering,” New J. Phys. 5, 139 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Venderevskaya, I. G.

N. K. Pavlycheva, I. G. Venderevskaya, and M. Khasan, “Spectrograph for studying the spectrum of carbon nanotubes,” in Collection of Papers of the Ninth International Conference on Applied Optics 2010, vol. 1, St. Petersburg, 18–22 Oct. 2010, pp. 191–194.

Zakhidov, A. A.

R. H. Baughman, A. A. Zakhidov, and W. A. de Heer, “Carbon nanotubes—the route toward applications,” Science 297, 787 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, X.

X. Zhao, Y. Ando, L.-C. Qin, H. Kataura, Y. Maniwa, and R. Saito, “Characteristic Raman spectra of multi-walled carbon nanotubes,” Physica B 323, 265 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Raman Spectrosc. (1)

R. Graupner, “Raman spectroscopy of covalently functionalized single-wall carbon nanotubes,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 38, 673 (2007).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

A. Jorio, M. A. Pimenta, A. G. Souza Filho, R. Saito, G. Dresselhaus, and M. S. Dresselhaus, “Characterizing carbon nanotube samples with resonance Raman scattering,” New J. Phys. 5, 139 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Zh. (1)

N. K. Pavlycheva, A. A. Peplov, and A. P. Demin, “Compact spectrometer with wide applicability,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 3, 29 (2007). [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 173 (2007)].

Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A (1)

K. Kneipp, H. Kneipp, M. S. Dresselhaus, and S. Lefrant, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering on single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 362, 2361 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rep. (1)

M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Dresselhaus, R. Saito, and A. Jorio, “Raman spectroscopy of carbon nanotubes,” Phys. Rep. 409, 47 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Physica B (1)

X. Zhao, Y. Ando, L.-C. Qin, H. Kataura, Y. Maniwa, and R. Saito, “Characteristic Raman spectra of multi-walled carbon nanotubes,” Physica B 323, 265 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

R. H. Baughman, A. A. Zakhidov, and W. A. de Heer, “Carbon nanotubes—the route toward applications,” Science 297, 787 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

H. S. Nalwa, “Structural characterization of single-wall carbon nanotubes,” in Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (Am. Sci. Pub, Valencia, CA, 2004), vol. 10, pp. 125–147.

N. K. Pavlycheva, Spectral Devices with Nonclassical Diffraction Gratings (Izd. Kazan. Gos. Tekhn. Univ, Kazan, 2003).

N. K. Pavlycheva, I. G. Venderevskaya, and M. Khasan, “Spectrograph for studying the spectrum of carbon nanotubes,” in Collection of Papers of the Ninth International Conference on Applied Optics 2010, vol. 1, St. Petersburg, 18–22 Oct. 2010, pp. 191–194.

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