Abstract

This paper shows that the satellite lines that appear in the absorption and fluorescence spectra of neodymium ions in a LaF<sub>3</sub> crystal at concentrations of about 0.5 at.% and the accompanying lines of the isolated ion are caused by pairwise interaction of the Nd<sup>3+</sup> ions. Double optical resonance is used to study the structure of the satellite lines in the neighborhood of the <sup>4</sup>I<sub>9/2</sub>→<sup>4</sup>G<sub>5/2</sub> transition of the isolated ion (wavelength 5777.1 Å), hidden by inhomogeneous broadening. When neodymium ion pairs are excited by resonance laser radiation, the presence of anti-Stokes components is recorded in the fluorescence spectrum (up-conversion). It is shown that the main up-conversion mechanism is cumulative pair excitation. These results are convincing evidence that the suppression of absorption from excited levels can be experimentally observed in condensed media.

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  1. V. Lupei, A. Lupei, C. Tiseanu, S. Georgescu, C. Stoicescu, and P. M. Nanau, "High-resolution optical spectroscopy of YAG:Nd: A test for structural and distribution models," Phys. Rev. B 51, 8 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Hölsä, E. Antic-Fidancev, M. Lastusaari, and A. Lupei, "Local perturbations due to rare-earth (R3+) doping," J. Solid State Chem. 171, 282 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. T. Basiev, V. V. Fedorov, A. Ya. Karasik, and K. K. Pukhov, "Strong coherent interaction of Nd3+–Nd3+ pair ions in CaF2 crystal," J. Lumin. 81, 189 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. I. Sorokin, E. A. Krivandina, Z. I. Zhmurova, O. I. Laymina, and B. P. Sobolev, "Growth of single crystals and optimization of anionic transport in La1−x Nd x F3 solid solutions with tysonite-type structure by isovalent substitutions," Crystallogr. Rep. 45, 695 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. Akhmedzhanov, A. Bondartsev, V. Chernov, L. Gushchin, and O. Kocharovskaya, "Double optical resonance spectroscopy of the Nd3+ ion pairs in LaF3 crystal," J. Lumin. 130, 1610 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. M. Macfarlane, F. Tong, A. J. Silversmith, and W. Lenth, "Violet cw neodymium up-conversion laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1300 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  7. B. R. Reddy and P. Venkateswarlu, "Energy up-conversion in LaF3: Nd3+," J. Chem. Phys. 79, 5845 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  8. W. Lenth and R. M. Macfarlane, "Excitation mechanisms for up-conversion lasers," J. Lumin. 40, 346 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  9. E. Kusnetsova, R. Kolesov, and O. Kocharovskaya, "Suppression of excited-state absorption: A path to ultraviolet tunable solid-state lasers," Phys. Rev. A 70, 043801 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

R. Akhmedzhanov, A. Bondartsev, V. Chernov, L. Gushchin, and O. Kocharovskaya, "Double optical resonance spectroscopy of the Nd3+ ion pairs in LaF3 crystal," J. Lumin. 130, 1610 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

E. Kusnetsova, R. Kolesov, and O. Kocharovskaya, "Suppression of excited-state absorption: A path to ultraviolet tunable solid-state lasers," Phys. Rev. A 70, 043801 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

J. Hölsä, E. Antic-Fidancev, M. Lastusaari, and A. Lupei, "Local perturbations due to rare-earth (R3+) doping," J. Solid State Chem. 171, 282 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

N. I. Sorokin, E. A. Krivandina, Z. I. Zhmurova, O. I. Laymina, and B. P. Sobolev, "Growth of single crystals and optimization of anionic transport in La1−x Nd x F3 solid solutions with tysonite-type structure by isovalent substitutions," Crystallogr. Rep. 45, 695 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

T. T. Basiev, V. V. Fedorov, A. Ya. Karasik, and K. K. Pukhov, "Strong coherent interaction of Nd3+–Nd3+ pair ions in CaF2 crystal," J. Lumin. 81, 189 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, C. Tiseanu, S. Georgescu, C. Stoicescu, and P. M. Nanau, "High-resolution optical spectroscopy of YAG:Nd: A test for structural and distribution models," Phys. Rev. B 51, 8 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

W. Lenth and R. M. Macfarlane, "Excitation mechanisms for up-conversion lasers," J. Lumin. 40, 346 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

R. M. Macfarlane, F. Tong, A. J. Silversmith, and W. Lenth, "Violet cw neodymium up-conversion laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1300 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

B. R. Reddy and P. Venkateswarlu, "Energy up-conversion in LaF3: Nd3+," J. Chem. Phys. 79, 5845 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Akhmedzhanov, R.

R. Akhmedzhanov, A. Bondartsev, V. Chernov, L. Gushchin, and O. Kocharovskaya, "Double optical resonance spectroscopy of the Nd3+ ion pairs in LaF3 crystal," J. Lumin. 130, 1610 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Antic-Fidancev, E.

J. Hölsä, E. Antic-Fidancev, M. Lastusaari, and A. Lupei, "Local perturbations due to rare-earth (R3+) doping," J. Solid State Chem. 171, 282 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Basiev, T. T.

T. T. Basiev, V. V. Fedorov, A. Ya. Karasik, and K. K. Pukhov, "Strong coherent interaction of Nd3+–Nd3+ pair ions in CaF2 crystal," J. Lumin. 81, 189 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bondartsev, A.

R. Akhmedzhanov, A. Bondartsev, V. Chernov, L. Gushchin, and O. Kocharovskaya, "Double optical resonance spectroscopy of the Nd3+ ion pairs in LaF3 crystal," J. Lumin. 130, 1610 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chernov, V.

R. Akhmedzhanov, A. Bondartsev, V. Chernov, L. Gushchin, and O. Kocharovskaya, "Double optical resonance spectroscopy of the Nd3+ ion pairs in LaF3 crystal," J. Lumin. 130, 1610 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fedorov, V. V.

T. T. Basiev, V. V. Fedorov, A. Ya. Karasik, and K. K. Pukhov, "Strong coherent interaction of Nd3+–Nd3+ pair ions in CaF2 crystal," J. Lumin. 81, 189 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Georgescu, S.

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, C. Tiseanu, S. Georgescu, C. Stoicescu, and P. M. Nanau, "High-resolution optical spectroscopy of YAG:Nd: A test for structural and distribution models," Phys. Rev. B 51, 8 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gushchin, L.

R. Akhmedzhanov, A. Bondartsev, V. Chernov, L. Gushchin, and O. Kocharovskaya, "Double optical resonance spectroscopy of the Nd3+ ion pairs in LaF3 crystal," J. Lumin. 130, 1610 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hölsä, J.

J. Hölsä, E. Antic-Fidancev, M. Lastusaari, and A. Lupei, "Local perturbations due to rare-earth (R3+) doping," J. Solid State Chem. 171, 282 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Karasik, A. Ya.

T. T. Basiev, V. V. Fedorov, A. Ya. Karasik, and K. K. Pukhov, "Strong coherent interaction of Nd3+–Nd3+ pair ions in CaF2 crystal," J. Lumin. 81, 189 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kocharovskaya, O.

R. Akhmedzhanov, A. Bondartsev, V. Chernov, L. Gushchin, and O. Kocharovskaya, "Double optical resonance spectroscopy of the Nd3+ ion pairs in LaF3 crystal," J. Lumin. 130, 1610 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Kusnetsova, R. Kolesov, and O. Kocharovskaya, "Suppression of excited-state absorption: A path to ultraviolet tunable solid-state lasers," Phys. Rev. A 70, 043801 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kolesov, R.

E. Kusnetsova, R. Kolesov, and O. Kocharovskaya, "Suppression of excited-state absorption: A path to ultraviolet tunable solid-state lasers," Phys. Rev. A 70, 043801 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Krivandina, E. A.

N. I. Sorokin, E. A. Krivandina, Z. I. Zhmurova, O. I. Laymina, and B. P. Sobolev, "Growth of single crystals and optimization of anionic transport in La1−x Nd x F3 solid solutions with tysonite-type structure by isovalent substitutions," Crystallogr. Rep. 45, 695 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kusnetsova, E.

E. Kusnetsova, R. Kolesov, and O. Kocharovskaya, "Suppression of excited-state absorption: A path to ultraviolet tunable solid-state lasers," Phys. Rev. A 70, 043801 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lastusaari, M.

J. Hölsä, E. Antic-Fidancev, M. Lastusaari, and A. Lupei, "Local perturbations due to rare-earth (R3+) doping," J. Solid State Chem. 171, 282 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Laymina, O. I.

N. I. Sorokin, E. A. Krivandina, Z. I. Zhmurova, O. I. Laymina, and B. P. Sobolev, "Growth of single crystals and optimization of anionic transport in La1−x Nd x F3 solid solutions with tysonite-type structure by isovalent substitutions," Crystallogr. Rep. 45, 695 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lenth, W.

W. Lenth and R. M. Macfarlane, "Excitation mechanisms for up-conversion lasers," J. Lumin. 40, 346 (1990).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Macfarlane, F. Tong, A. J. Silversmith, and W. Lenth, "Violet cw neodymium up-conversion laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1300 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Lupei, A.

J. Hölsä, E. Antic-Fidancev, M. Lastusaari, and A. Lupei, "Local perturbations due to rare-earth (R3+) doping," J. Solid State Chem. 171, 282 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, C. Tiseanu, S. Georgescu, C. Stoicescu, and P. M. Nanau, "High-resolution optical spectroscopy of YAG:Nd: A test for structural and distribution models," Phys. Rev. B 51, 8 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lupei, V.

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, C. Tiseanu, S. Georgescu, C. Stoicescu, and P. M. Nanau, "High-resolution optical spectroscopy of YAG:Nd: A test for structural and distribution models," Phys. Rev. B 51, 8 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Macfarlane, R. M.

W. Lenth and R. M. Macfarlane, "Excitation mechanisms for up-conversion lasers," J. Lumin. 40, 346 (1990).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Macfarlane, F. Tong, A. J. Silversmith, and W. Lenth, "Violet cw neodymium up-conversion laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1300 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Nanau, P. M.

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, C. Tiseanu, S. Georgescu, C. Stoicescu, and P. M. Nanau, "High-resolution optical spectroscopy of YAG:Nd: A test for structural and distribution models," Phys. Rev. B 51, 8 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pukhov, K. K.

T. T. Basiev, V. V. Fedorov, A. Ya. Karasik, and K. K. Pukhov, "Strong coherent interaction of Nd3+–Nd3+ pair ions in CaF2 crystal," J. Lumin. 81, 189 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Reddy, B. R.

B. R. Reddy and P. Venkateswarlu, "Energy up-conversion in LaF3: Nd3+," J. Chem. Phys. 79, 5845 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Silversmith, A. J.

R. M. Macfarlane, F. Tong, A. J. Silversmith, and W. Lenth, "Violet cw neodymium up-conversion laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1300 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sobolev, B. P.

N. I. Sorokin, E. A. Krivandina, Z. I. Zhmurova, O. I. Laymina, and B. P. Sobolev, "Growth of single crystals and optimization of anionic transport in La1−x Nd x F3 solid solutions with tysonite-type structure by isovalent substitutions," Crystallogr. Rep. 45, 695 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sorokin, N. I.

N. I. Sorokin, E. A. Krivandina, Z. I. Zhmurova, O. I. Laymina, and B. P. Sobolev, "Growth of single crystals and optimization of anionic transport in La1−x Nd x F3 solid solutions with tysonite-type structure by isovalent substitutions," Crystallogr. Rep. 45, 695 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Stoicescu, C.

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, C. Tiseanu, S. Georgescu, C. Stoicescu, and P. M. Nanau, "High-resolution optical spectroscopy of YAG:Nd: A test for structural and distribution models," Phys. Rev. B 51, 8 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tiseanu, C.

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, C. Tiseanu, S. Georgescu, C. Stoicescu, and P. M. Nanau, "High-resolution optical spectroscopy of YAG:Nd: A test for structural and distribution models," Phys. Rev. B 51, 8 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tong, F.

R. M. Macfarlane, F. Tong, A. J. Silversmith, and W. Lenth, "Violet cw neodymium up-conversion laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1300 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Venkateswarlu, P.

B. R. Reddy and P. Venkateswarlu, "Energy up-conversion in LaF3: Nd3+," J. Chem. Phys. 79, 5845 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Zhmurova, Z. I.

N. I. Sorokin, E. A. Krivandina, Z. I. Zhmurova, O. I. Laymina, and B. P. Sobolev, "Growth of single crystals and optimization of anionic transport in La1−x Nd x F3 solid solutions with tysonite-type structure by isovalent substitutions," Crystallogr. Rep. 45, 695 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. M. Macfarlane, F. Tong, A. J. Silversmith, and W. Lenth, "Violet cw neodymium up-conversion laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1300 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Crystallogr. Rep. (1)

N. I. Sorokin, E. A. Krivandina, Z. I. Zhmurova, O. I. Laymina, and B. P. Sobolev, "Growth of single crystals and optimization of anionic transport in La1−x Nd x F3 solid solutions with tysonite-type structure by isovalent substitutions," Crystallogr. Rep. 45, 695 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

B. R. Reddy and P. Venkateswarlu, "Energy up-conversion in LaF3: Nd3+," J. Chem. Phys. 79, 5845 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (3)

W. Lenth and R. M. Macfarlane, "Excitation mechanisms for up-conversion lasers," J. Lumin. 40, 346 (1990).
[CrossRef]

R. Akhmedzhanov, A. Bondartsev, V. Chernov, L. Gushchin, and O. Kocharovskaya, "Double optical resonance spectroscopy of the Nd3+ ion pairs in LaF3 crystal," J. Lumin. 130, 1610 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. T. Basiev, V. V. Fedorov, A. Ya. Karasik, and K. K. Pukhov, "Strong coherent interaction of Nd3+–Nd3+ pair ions in CaF2 crystal," J. Lumin. 81, 189 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Solid State Chem. (1)

J. Hölsä, E. Antic-Fidancev, M. Lastusaari, and A. Lupei, "Local perturbations due to rare-earth (R3+) doping," J. Solid State Chem. 171, 282 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

E. Kusnetsova, R. Kolesov, and O. Kocharovskaya, "Suppression of excited-state absorption: A path to ultraviolet tunable solid-state lasers," Phys. Rev. A 70, 043801 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

V. Lupei, A. Lupei, C. Tiseanu, S. Georgescu, C. Stoicescu, and P. M. Nanau, "High-resolution optical spectroscopy of YAG:Nd: A test for structural and distribution models," Phys. Rev. B 51, 8 (1995).
[CrossRef]

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