Abstract

The development of methods of digitally synthesizing and processing images has made it possible to use the methods of iconics to deliberately create test images that selectively activate various structures of the visual system. The methods of processing neurophysiological data, including not only images of the activity of the entire brain but also so-called neuroimaging methods, have made it possible to discriminate the brain structures activated as a result of this selective action. The goal of this study is the spatiotemporal localization (mapping) of the regions of the brain that participate in making decisions concerning the shape of textures. It is established that a subject’s reaction time correlates with the degree of ordering of the textures and with the latency of the late components of the induced potentials in the frontal cortex. The time for a person to make decisions in the task of recognizing a specified class of textures is thereby determined. Mapping of the brain by the method of functional magnetic-resonance tomography showed that the activity of the brain in the process of making decisions involving recognition occurs in the frontal cortex of the human brain.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  7. I. Kovacs and B. Jules, “A closed curve is much more than an incomplete one: Effect of closure in figure-ground segmentation,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 90, 7495 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. D. J. Field, A. Hayes, and R. F. Hess, “Contour integration by the human visual system: Evidence for a local ‘association field’,” Vision Res. 33, 173 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  14. A. K. Kharauzov, Yu .E. Shelepin, S. V. Pronin, T. V. Sel’chenkova, and Ya. A. Noskov, “Electrophysiological study of the mechanisms of texture recognition,” Ross. Fiziolog. Zh. 93, 3 (2007).
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    [CrossRef]
  17. N. P. Bechtereva, N. V. Shemyakina, M. G. Starchenko, S. G. Danko, and S. V. Medvedev, “Error-detection mechanisms of the brain: background and prospects,” Int. J. Psychophysiol. 58, 227 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  19. T. L. Saaty, Theory and Applications of the Analytic Network Process (RWS Publications, Pittsburgh, 2005).
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  21. V. M. Shendyapin, V. A. Barabanshchikov, and I. G. Skotnikova, “Confidence in a decision: Modelling and experimental verification,” Éksp. Psikhol. 3, No. 1, 30 (2010).
  22. A. Tversky and D. Kahneman, “The framing of decisions and the psychology of choice,” Science 211, No. 4481, 453 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. D. Clark, Framing Effects Exposed (Pearson Education Ltd., New York, 2009).
  24. A. Damasio, “Category-related recognition defects as a clue to the neural substrates of knowledge,” Trends Neurosci. 13, No. 3, 95 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. G. Northoff, A. Heinzel, F. Bermpohl, R. Niese, A. Pfennig, A. Pascual-Leone, and G. Schlaug, “Reciprocal modulation and attenuation in the prefrontal cortex: an fMRI study on emotional-cognitive interaction,” Hum. Brain Mapp. 21, 202 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. D. Bernoulli, “Specimen theoriae novae de mensura sorti,” Commentarii Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis Petropolitanae 5, 175 (1738).

2010

V. M. Shendyapin, V. A. Barabanshchikov, and I. G. Skotnikova, “Confidence in a decision: Modelling and experimental verification,” Éksp. Psikhol. 3, No. 1, 30 (2010).

2009

Yu. E. Shelepin, V. A. Fokin, A. K. Kharauzov, S. V. Pronin, and V. N. Chikhman, “Localization of the decision-making center when the shape of visual stimuli is being perceived,” Dok. Akad. Nauk 429, 835 (2009).

2007

V. A. Fokin, Yu. E. Shelepin, A. K. Kharauzov, A. V. Sevost’yanov, G. E. Trufanov, and S. V. Pronin, “Activation of regions of the human cerebral cortex activated when ordered and random images are being perceived,” Ross. Fiziolog. Zh. 93, 1089 (2007).

A. K. Kharauzov, Yu .E. Shelepin, S. V. Pronin, T. V. Sel’chenkova, and Ya. A. Noskov, “Electrophysiological study of the mechanisms of texture recognition,” Ross. Fiziolog. Zh. 93, 3 (2007).

2006

M. G. Philiastides, R. Ratcliff, and P. Sajda, “Neural representation of task difficulty and decision making during perceptual categorization: a timing diagram,” J. Neurosci. 26, 8965 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Fokin, G. Trufanov, A. Sevostyanov, Y. Shelepin, A. Harauzov, and S. Pronin, “Occipital-parietal interaction in incomplete pattern discrimination,” Perception 25, 18 (2006).

Y. Shelepin, N. Krasilnikov, E. Trufanov, A. Harauzov, S. Pronin, and V. Fokin, “The principle of least action and visual perception,” Perception 35, 125 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

A. Bechara and A. R. Damasio, “The somatic marker hypothesis: A neural theory of economic decision,” Games Econ. Behav. 52, 336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. P. Bechtereva, N. V. Shemyakina, M. G. Starchenko, S. G. Danko, and S. V. Medvedev, “Error-detection mechanisms of the brain: background and prospects,” Int. J. Psychophysiol. 58, 227 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

G. Northoff, A. Heinzel, F. Bermpohl, R. Niese, A. Pfennig, A. Pascual-Leone, and G. Schlaug, “Reciprocal modulation and attenuation in the prefrontal cortex: an fMRI study on emotional-cognitive interaction,” Hum. Brain Mapp. 21, 202 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. R. Heerkeren, S. Marrett, P. A. Bandettini, and L. G. Ungerleider, “A general mechanism for perceptual decision-making in the human brain,” Nature 431, No. 7010, 859 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

N. N. Krasil’nikov, Yu. E. Shelepin, and O. I. Krasil’nikova, “The use of the principles of the optimal observer in modelling the human visual system,” Opt. Zh. 66, No. 9, 17 (1999). [J. Opt. Technol. 66, 782 (1999)].

D. J. Field, “Matched filters, wavelets and the statistics of natural scenes,” Opt. Zh. 66, No. 9, 25 (1999). [J. Opt. Technol. 66, 788 (1999)].

1997

N. N. Krasil’nikov and Yu. E. Shelepin, “A functional model of vision,” Opt. Zh. 64, No. 2, 72 (1997). [J. Opt. Technol. 64, 136 (1997)].

1993

I. Kovacs and B. Jules, “A closed curve is much more than an incomplete one: Effect of closure in figure-ground segmentation,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 90, 7495 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Field, A. Hayes, and R. F. Hess, “Contour integration by the human visual system: Evidence for a local ‘association field’,” Vision Res. 33, 173 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990

A. Damasio, “Category-related recognition defects as a clue to the neural substrates of knowledge,” Trends Neurosci. 13, No. 3, 95 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987

M. M. Miroshnikov and V. F. Nesteruk, “Further development of the methodological bases of iconics,” Tr. Gos. Opt. Inst. 64, No. 198, 5 (1987).

1981

A. Tversky and D. Kahneman, “The framing of decisions and the psychology of choice,” Science 211, No. 4481, 453 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1738

D. Bernoulli, “Specimen theoriae novae de mensura sorti,” Commentarii Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis Petropolitanae 5, 175 (1738).

Bandettini, P. A.

H. R. Heerkeren, S. Marrett, P. A. Bandettini, and L. G. Ungerleider, “A general mechanism for perceptual decision-making in the human brain,” Nature 431, No. 7010, 859 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barabanshchikov, V. A.

V. M. Shendyapin, V. A. Barabanshchikov, and I. G. Skotnikova, “Confidence in a decision: Modelling and experimental verification,” Éksp. Psikhol. 3, No. 1, 30 (2010).

Bechara, A.

A. Bechara and A. R. Damasio, “The somatic marker hypothesis: A neural theory of economic decision,” Games Econ. Behav. 52, 336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bechtereva, N. P.

N. P. Bechtereva, N. V. Shemyakina, M. G. Starchenko, S. G. Danko, and S. V. Medvedev, “Error-detection mechanisms of the brain: background and prospects,” Int. J. Psychophysiol. 58, 227 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bermpohl, F.

G. Northoff, A. Heinzel, F. Bermpohl, R. Niese, A. Pfennig, A. Pascual-Leone, and G. Schlaug, “Reciprocal modulation and attenuation in the prefrontal cortex: an fMRI study on emotional-cognitive interaction,” Hum. Brain Mapp. 21, 202 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bernoulli, D.

D. Bernoulli, “Specimen theoriae novae de mensura sorti,” Commentarii Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis Petropolitanae 5, 175 (1738).

Chikhman, V. N.

Yu. E. Shelepin, V. A. Fokin, A. K. Kharauzov, S. V. Pronin, and V. N. Chikhman, “Localization of the decision-making center when the shape of visual stimuli is being perceived,” Dok. Akad. Nauk 429, 835 (2009).

Clark, D.

D. Clark, Framing Effects Exposed (Pearson Education Ltd., New York, 2009).

Damasio, A.

A. Damasio, “Category-related recognition defects as a clue to the neural substrates of knowledge,” Trends Neurosci. 13, No. 3, 95 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Damasio, A. R.

A. Bechara and A. R. Damasio, “The somatic marker hypothesis: A neural theory of economic decision,” Games Econ. Behav. 52, 336 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Danko, S. G.

N. P. Bechtereva, N. V. Shemyakina, M. G. Starchenko, S. G. Danko, and S. V. Medvedev, “Error-detection mechanisms of the brain: background and prospects,” Int. J. Psychophysiol. 58, 227 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Field, D. J.

D. J. Field, “Matched filters, wavelets and the statistics of natural scenes,” Opt. Zh. 66, No. 9, 25 (1999). [J. Opt. Technol. 66, 788 (1999)].

D. J. Field, A. Hayes, and R. F. Hess, “Contour integration by the human visual system: Evidence for a local ‘association field’,” Vision Res. 33, 173 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Field and A. Hayes, “Contour integration and the lateral connections of V1 neurons,” in The Visual Neurosciences, eds., L. M. Chalupa and J. S. Werner(MIT Press, 2004).

Fokin, V.

V. Fokin, G. Trufanov, A. Sevostyanov, Y. Shelepin, A. Harauzov, and S. Pronin, “Occipital-parietal interaction in incomplete pattern discrimination,” Perception 25, 18 (2006).

Y. Shelepin, N. Krasilnikov, E. Trufanov, A. Harauzov, S. Pronin, and V. Fokin, “The principle of least action and visual perception,” Perception 35, 125 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fokin, V. A.

Yu. E. Shelepin, V. A. Fokin, A. K. Kharauzov, S. V. Pronin, and V. N. Chikhman, “Localization of the decision-making center when the shape of visual stimuli is being perceived,” Dok. Akad. Nauk 429, 835 (2009).

V. A. Fokin, Yu. E. Shelepin, A. K. Kharauzov, A. V. Sevost’yanov, G. E. Trufanov, and S. V. Pronin, “Activation of regions of the human cerebral cortex activated when ordered and random images are being perceived,” Ross. Fiziolog. Zh. 93, 1089 (2007).

Harauzov, A.

Y. Shelepin, N. Krasilnikov, E. Trufanov, A. Harauzov, S. Pronin, and V. Fokin, “The principle of least action and visual perception,” Perception 35, 125 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Fokin, G. Trufanov, A. Sevostyanov, Y. Shelepin, A. Harauzov, and S. Pronin, “Occipital-parietal interaction in incomplete pattern discrimination,” Perception 25, 18 (2006).

Hayes, A.

D. J. Field, A. Hayes, and R. F. Hess, “Contour integration by the human visual system: Evidence for a local ‘association field’,” Vision Res. 33, 173 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Field and A. Hayes, “Contour integration and the lateral connections of V1 neurons,” in The Visual Neurosciences, eds., L. M. Chalupa and J. S. Werner(MIT Press, 2004).

Heerkeren, H. R.

H. R. Heerkeren, S. Marrett, P. A. Bandettini, and L. G. Ungerleider, “A general mechanism for perceptual decision-making in the human brain,” Nature 431, No. 7010, 859 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heinzel, A.

G. Northoff, A. Heinzel, F. Bermpohl, R. Niese, A. Pfennig, A. Pascual-Leone, and G. Schlaug, “Reciprocal modulation and attenuation in the prefrontal cortex: an fMRI study on emotional-cognitive interaction,” Hum. Brain Mapp. 21, 202 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hess, R. F.

D. J. Field, A. Hayes, and R. F. Hess, “Contour integration by the human visual system: Evidence for a local ‘association field’,” Vision Res. 33, 173 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jules, B.

I. Kovacs and B. Jules, “A closed curve is much more than an incomplete one: Effect of closure in figure-ground segmentation,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 90, 7495 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kahneman, D.

A. Tversky and D. Kahneman, “The framing of decisions and the psychology of choice,” Science 211, No. 4481, 453 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kharauzov, A. K.

Yu. E. Shelepin, V. A. Fokin, A. K. Kharauzov, S. V. Pronin, and V. N. Chikhman, “Localization of the decision-making center when the shape of visual stimuli is being perceived,” Dok. Akad. Nauk 429, 835 (2009).

V. A. Fokin, Yu. E. Shelepin, A. K. Kharauzov, A. V. Sevost’yanov, G. E. Trufanov, and S. V. Pronin, “Activation of regions of the human cerebral cortex activated when ordered and random images are being perceived,” Ross. Fiziolog. Zh. 93, 1089 (2007).

A. K. Kharauzov, Yu .E. Shelepin, S. V. Pronin, T. V. Sel’chenkova, and Ya. A. Noskov, “Electrophysiological study of the mechanisms of texture recognition,” Ross. Fiziolog. Zh. 93, 3 (2007).

Kochetkov, V. V.

V. V. Kochetkov and I. G. Skotnikova, Individual Psychological Problems of Decision Making (Nauka, Moscow, 1993), p. 144.

Kovacs, I.

I. Kovacs and B. Jules, “A closed curve is much more than an incomplete one: Effect of closure in figure-ground segmentation,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 90, 7495 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krasil’nikov, N. N.

N. N. Krasil’nikov, Yu. E. Shelepin, and O. I. Krasil’nikova, “The use of the principles of the optimal observer in modelling the human visual system,” Opt. Zh. 66, No. 9, 17 (1999). [J. Opt. Technol. 66, 782 (1999)].

N. N. Krasil’nikov and Yu. E. Shelepin, “A functional model of vision,” Opt. Zh. 64, No. 2, 72 (1997). [J. Opt. Technol. 64, 136 (1997)].

N. N. Krasil’nikov, Theory of Image Transport and Perception (Radio i Svyaz’, Moscow, 1986).

Krasil’nikova, O. I.

N. N. Krasil’nikov, Yu. E. Shelepin, and O. I. Krasil’nikova, “The use of the principles of the optimal observer in modelling the human visual system,” Opt. Zh. 66, No. 9, 17 (1999). [J. Opt. Technol. 66, 782 (1999)].

Krasilnikov, N.

Y. Shelepin, N. Krasilnikov, E. Trufanov, A. Harauzov, S. Pronin, and V. Fokin, “The principle of least action and visual perception,” Perception 35, 125 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marrett, S.

H. R. Heerkeren, S. Marrett, P. A. Bandettini, and L. G. Ungerleider, “A general mechanism for perceptual decision-making in the human brain,” Nature 431, No. 7010, 859 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Medvedev, S. V.

N. P. Bechtereva, N. V. Shemyakina, M. G. Starchenko, S. G. Danko, and S. V. Medvedev, “Error-detection mechanisms of the brain: background and prospects,” Int. J. Psychophysiol. 58, 227 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miroshnikov, M. M.

M. M. Miroshnikov and V. F. Nesteruk, “Further development of the methodological bases of iconics,” Tr. Gos. Opt. Inst. 64, No. 198, 5 (1987).

Nesteruk, V. F.

M. M. Miroshnikov and V. F. Nesteruk, “Further development of the methodological bases of iconics,” Tr. Gos. Opt. Inst. 64, No. 198, 5 (1987).

Niese, R.

G. Northoff, A. Heinzel, F. Bermpohl, R. Niese, A. Pfennig, A. Pascual-Leone, and G. Schlaug, “Reciprocal modulation and attenuation in the prefrontal cortex: an fMRI study on emotional-cognitive interaction,” Hum. Brain Mapp. 21, 202 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Northoff, G.

G. Northoff, A. Heinzel, F. Bermpohl, R. Niese, A. Pfennig, A. Pascual-Leone, and G. Schlaug, “Reciprocal modulation and attenuation in the prefrontal cortex: an fMRI study on emotional-cognitive interaction,” Hum. Brain Mapp. 21, 202 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Noskov, Ya. A.

A. K. Kharauzov, Yu .E. Shelepin, S. V. Pronin, T. V. Sel’chenkova, and Ya. A. Noskov, “Electrophysiological study of the mechanisms of texture recognition,” Ross. Fiziolog. Zh. 93, 3 (2007).

Pascual-Leone, A.

G. Northoff, A. Heinzel, F. Bermpohl, R. Niese, A. Pfennig, A. Pascual-Leone, and G. Schlaug, “Reciprocal modulation and attenuation in the prefrontal cortex: an fMRI study on emotional-cognitive interaction,” Hum. Brain Mapp. 21, 202 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pfennig, A.

G. Northoff, A. Heinzel, F. Bermpohl, R. Niese, A. Pfennig, A. Pascual-Leone, and G. Schlaug, “Reciprocal modulation and attenuation in the prefrontal cortex: an fMRI study on emotional-cognitive interaction,” Hum. Brain Mapp. 21, 202 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Philiastides, M. G.

M. G. Philiastides, R. Ratcliff, and P. Sajda, “Neural representation of task difficulty and decision making during perceptual categorization: a timing diagram,” J. Neurosci. 26, 8965 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pronin, S.

V. Fokin, G. Trufanov, A. Sevostyanov, Y. Shelepin, A. Harauzov, and S. Pronin, “Occipital-parietal interaction in incomplete pattern discrimination,” Perception 25, 18 (2006).

Y. Shelepin, N. Krasilnikov, E. Trufanov, A. Harauzov, S. Pronin, and V. Fokin, “The principle of least action and visual perception,” Perception 35, 125 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pronin, S. V.

Yu. E. Shelepin, V. A. Fokin, A. K. Kharauzov, S. V. Pronin, and V. N. Chikhman, “Localization of the decision-making center when the shape of visual stimuli is being perceived,” Dok. Akad. Nauk 429, 835 (2009).

V. A. Fokin, Yu. E. Shelepin, A. K. Kharauzov, A. V. Sevost’yanov, G. E. Trufanov, and S. V. Pronin, “Activation of regions of the human cerebral cortex activated when ordered and random images are being perceived,” Ross. Fiziolog. Zh. 93, 1089 (2007).

A. K. Kharauzov, Yu .E. Shelepin, S. V. Pronin, T. V. Sel’chenkova, and Ya. A. Noskov, “Electrophysiological study of the mechanisms of texture recognition,” Ross. Fiziolog. Zh. 93, 3 (2007).

Ratcliff, R.

M. G. Philiastides, R. Ratcliff, and P. Sajda, “Neural representation of task difficulty and decision making during perceptual categorization: a timing diagram,” J. Neurosci. 26, 8965 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saaty, T. L.

T. L. Saaty, The Analytic Hierarchy Process: Planning, Priority Setting, Resource Allocation (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1980).

T. L. Saaty, Theory and Applications of the Analytic Network Process (RWS Publications, Pittsburgh, 2005).

Sajda, P.

M. G. Philiastides, R. Ratcliff, and P. Sajda, “Neural representation of task difficulty and decision making during perceptual categorization: a timing diagram,” J. Neurosci. 26, 8965 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schlaug, G.

G. Northoff, A. Heinzel, F. Bermpohl, R. Niese, A. Pfennig, A. Pascual-Leone, and G. Schlaug, “Reciprocal modulation and attenuation in the prefrontal cortex: an fMRI study on emotional-cognitive interaction,” Hum. Brain Mapp. 21, 202 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sel’chenkova, T. V.

A. K. Kharauzov, Yu .E. Shelepin, S. V. Pronin, T. V. Sel’chenkova, and Ya. A. Noskov, “Electrophysiological study of the mechanisms of texture recognition,” Ross. Fiziolog. Zh. 93, 3 (2007).

Sevost’yanov, A. V.

V. A. Fokin, Yu. E. Shelepin, A. K. Kharauzov, A. V. Sevost’yanov, G. E. Trufanov, and S. V. Pronin, “Activation of regions of the human cerebral cortex activated when ordered and random images are being perceived,” Ross. Fiziolog. Zh. 93, 1089 (2007).

Sevostyanov, A.

V. Fokin, G. Trufanov, A. Sevostyanov, Y. Shelepin, A. Harauzov, and S. Pronin, “Occipital-parietal interaction in incomplete pattern discrimination,” Perception 25, 18 (2006).

Shelepin, Y.

V. Fokin, G. Trufanov, A. Sevostyanov, Y. Shelepin, A. Harauzov, and S. Pronin, “Occipital-parietal interaction in incomplete pattern discrimination,” Perception 25, 18 (2006).

Y. Shelepin, N. Krasilnikov, E. Trufanov, A. Harauzov, S. Pronin, and V. Fokin, “The principle of least action and visual perception,” Perception 35, 125 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shelepin, Yu .E.

A. K. Kharauzov, Yu .E. Shelepin, S. V. Pronin, T. V. Sel’chenkova, and Ya. A. Noskov, “Electrophysiological study of the mechanisms of texture recognition,” Ross. Fiziolog. Zh. 93, 3 (2007).

Shelepin, Yu. E.

Yu. E. Shelepin, V. A. Fokin, A. K. Kharauzov, S. V. Pronin, and V. N. Chikhman, “Localization of the decision-making center when the shape of visual stimuli is being perceived,” Dok. Akad. Nauk 429, 835 (2009).

V. A. Fokin, Yu. E. Shelepin, A. K. Kharauzov, A. V. Sevost’yanov, G. E. Trufanov, and S. V. Pronin, “Activation of regions of the human cerebral cortex activated when ordered and random images are being perceived,” Ross. Fiziolog. Zh. 93, 1089 (2007).

N. N. Krasil’nikov, Yu. E. Shelepin, and O. I. Krasil’nikova, “The use of the principles of the optimal observer in modelling the human visual system,” Opt. Zh. 66, No. 9, 17 (1999). [J. Opt. Technol. 66, 782 (1999)].

N. N. Krasil’nikov and Yu. E. Shelepin, “A functional model of vision,” Opt. Zh. 64, No. 2, 72 (1997). [J. Opt. Technol. 64, 136 (1997)].

Shemyakina, N. V.

N. P. Bechtereva, N. V. Shemyakina, M. G. Starchenko, S. G. Danko, and S. V. Medvedev, “Error-detection mechanisms of the brain: background and prospects,” Int. J. Psychophysiol. 58, 227 (2005).
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