Abstract

This paper is devoted to an investigation of the parameters that specify the spatial adjustment of visual mechanisms sensitive to contrast modulation. The bands for tuning to the spatial frequency, phase, and orientation of the envelope were determined. The masking paradigm was used to solve this problem. It is found that band-pass tuning applies to all the indicated parameters. The width of the transmission bands in the problem of detecting contrast modulation proved to be somewhat wider than for the mechanisms that are sensitive to brightness modulation.

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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2007

M. S. Landy and C. A. Henry, “Critical-band masking estimation of 2nd-order filter properties,” Perception 36, Suppl., 61 (2007).

2006

D. Ellemberg, H. A. Allen, and R. F. Hess, “Second-order spatial-frequency and orientation channels in human vision,” Vision Res. 46, 2798 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

V. V. Babenko and S. N. Kul’ba, “Model of the visual-segmentation mechanism,” Sens. Sis. 16, 179 (2002).

1999

A. S. Arsenault, F. Wilkinson, and F. A. Kingdom, “Modulation frequency and orientation tuning of second-order texture mechanisms,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 16, 427 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1989

A. Sutter, J. Beck, and N. Graham, “Contrast and spatial variables in texture segregation: testing a simple spatial-frequency channels model,” Percept. Psychophys. 46, 312 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985

R. Blake and K. Holopigian, “Orientation selectivity in cats and humans assessed by masking,” Vision Res. 25, 1459 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1982

R. L. De Valois, D. G. Albrecht, and L. G. Thorell, “Spatial-frequency selectivity of cells in macaque visual cortex,” Vision Res. 22, 545 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1980

1976

H. Mostafavi and D. J. Sakrison, “Structure and properties of a single channel in the human visual system,” Vision Res. 16, 957 (1976).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1971

1969

C. Blakemore and F. W. Campbell, “On the existence of neurons in the human visual system selectively sensitive to the orientation and size of retinal images,” J. Physiol. 203, 237 (1969).
[PubMed]

1967

Albrecht, D. G.

R. L. De Valois, D. G. Albrecht, and L. G. Thorell, “Spatial-frequency selectivity of cells in macaque visual cortex,” Vision Res. 22, 545 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Allen, H. A.

D. Ellemberg, H. A. Allen, and R. F. Hess, “Second-order spatial-frequency and orientation channels in human vision,” Vision Res. 46, 2798 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arsenault, A. S.

A. S. Arsenault, F. Wilkinson, and F. A. Kingdom, “Modulation frequency and orientation tuning of second-order texture mechanisms,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 16, 427 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Babenko, V. V.

V. V. Babenko and S. N. Kul’ba, “Model of the visual-segmentation mechanism,” Sens. Sis. 16, 179 (2002).

Beck, J.

A. Sutter, J. Beck, and N. Graham, “Contrast and spatial variables in texture segregation: testing a simple spatial-frequency channels model,” Percept. Psychophys. 46, 312 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blake, R.

R. Blake and K. Holopigian, “Orientation selectivity in cats and humans assessed by masking,” Vision Res. 25, 1459 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blakemore, C.

C. Blakemore and F. W. Campbell, “On the existence of neurons in the human visual system selectively sensitive to the orientation and size of retinal images,” J. Physiol. 203, 237 (1969).
[PubMed]

Bouman, M. A.

Burr, D. C.

D. C. Burr, “Sensitivity of spatial phase,” Vision Res. 20, 391 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Campbell, F. W.

C. Blakemore and F. W. Campbell, “On the existence of neurons in the human visual system selectively sensitive to the orientation and size of retinal images,” J. Physiol. 203, 237 (1969).
[PubMed]

De Valois, R. L.

R. L. De Valois, D. G. Albrecht, and L. G. Thorell, “Spatial-frequency selectivity of cells in macaque visual cortex,” Vision Res. 22, 545 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ellemberg, D.

D. Ellemberg, H. A. Allen, and R. F. Hess, “Second-order spatial-frequency and orientation channels in human vision,” Vision Res. 46, 2798 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Foley, J. M.

Glezer, V. D.

V. D. Glezer, Vision and Mind: Modeling Mental Functions (Nauka, Leningrad, 1985; L. Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, NJ, 1995).

Graham, N.

A. Sutter, J. Beck, and N. Graham, “Contrast and spatial variables in texture segregation: testing a simple spatial-frequency channels model,” Percept. Psychophys. 46, 312 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Henry, C. A.

M. S. Landy and C. A. Henry, “Critical-band masking estimation of 2nd-order filter properties,” Perception 36, Suppl., 61 (2007).

Hess, R. F.

D. Ellemberg, H. A. Allen, and R. F. Hess, “Second-order spatial-frequency and orientation channels in human vision,” Vision Res. 46, 2798 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holopigian, K.

R. Blake and K. Holopigian, “Orientation selectivity in cats and humans assessed by masking,” Vision Res. 25, 1459 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kingdom, F. A.

A. S. Arsenault, F. Wilkinson, and F. A. Kingdom, “Modulation frequency and orientation tuning of second-order texture mechanisms,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 16, 427 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kul’ba, S. N.

V. V. Babenko and S. N. Kul’ba, “Model of the visual-segmentation mechanism,” Sens. Sis. 16, 179 (2002).

Landy, M. S.

M. S. Landy and C. A. Henry, “Critical-band masking estimation of 2nd-order filter properties,” Perception 36, Suppl., 61 (2007).

Legge, G. E.

Mostafavi, H.

H. Mostafavi and D. J. Sakrison, “Structure and properties of a single channel in the human visual system,” Vision Res. 16, 957 (1976).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nachmias, J.

Robson, J. G.

Sachs, M. B.

Sakrison, D. J.

H. Mostafavi and D. J. Sakrison, “Structure and properties of a single channel in the human visual system,” Vision Res. 16, 957 (1976).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sutter, A.

A. Sutter, J. Beck, and N. Graham, “Contrast and spatial variables in texture segregation: testing a simple spatial-frequency channels model,” Percept. Psychophys. 46, 312 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thorell, L. G.

R. L. De Valois, D. G. Albrecht, and L. G. Thorell, “Spatial-frequency selectivity of cells in macaque visual cortex,” Vision Res. 22, 545 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Van Nes, F. L.

Wilkinson, F.

A. S. Arsenault, F. Wilkinson, and F. A. Kingdom, “Modulation frequency and orientation tuning of second-order texture mechanisms,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 16, 427 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

J. Physiol.

C. Blakemore and F. W. Campbell, “On the existence of neurons in the human visual system selectively sensitive to the orientation and size of retinal images,” J. Physiol. 203, 237 (1969).
[PubMed]

Percept. Psychophys.

A. Sutter, J. Beck, and N. Graham, “Contrast and spatial variables in texture segregation: testing a simple spatial-frequency channels model,” Percept. Psychophys. 46, 312 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Perception

M. S. Landy and C. A. Henry, “Critical-band masking estimation of 2nd-order filter properties,” Perception 36, Suppl., 61 (2007).

Sens. Sis.

V. V. Babenko and S. N. Kul’ba, “Model of the visual-segmentation mechanism,” Sens. Sis. 16, 179 (2002).

Vision Res.

H. Mostafavi and D. J. Sakrison, “Structure and properties of a single channel in the human visual system,” Vision Res. 16, 957 (1976).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. C. Burr, “Sensitivity of spatial phase,” Vision Res. 20, 391 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. L. De Valois, D. G. Albrecht, and L. G. Thorell, “Spatial-frequency selectivity of cells in macaque visual cortex,” Vision Res. 22, 545 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Blake and K. Holopigian, “Orientation selectivity in cats and humans assessed by masking,” Vision Res. 25, 1459 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Ellemberg, H. A. Allen, and R. F. Hess, “Second-order spatial-frequency and orientation channels in human vision,” Vision Res. 46, 2798 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

V. D. Glezer, Vision and Mind: Modeling Mental Functions (Nauka, Leningrad, 1985; L. Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, NJ, 1995).

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