Abstract

A modulation interference microscope has been developed with record-breaking lateral resolution (10–100 nm) and high image-production rate (up to 250 frames per second). The optical layout of the device, the operating principles, and the problems of superhigh optical resolution in phase images are described. Possible ways of developing a method for modulation interference microscopy are discussed, along with areas in which the method can be used to study nanostructured materials, the topology of integrated microcircuits, and the morphology of biological objects.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. V. P. Tychinskiĭ, "Microscopy of subwavelength structures," Usp. Fiz. Nauk 166, 1219 (1996) [Phys.–Usp. 39, 1157 (1996)].
    [CrossRef]
  2. V. P. Tychinskiĭ, "Coherent phase microscopy of intracellular processes," Usp. Fiz. Nauk 171, 649 (2001) [Phys.–Usp. 44, 617 (2001)].
    [CrossRef]
  3. V. P. Tychinskiĭ, "Dynamic phase microscopy: is a ’dialogue’ with the cell possible?," Usp. Fiz. Nauk 177, 535 (2007) [Phys.–Usp. 50, 513 (2007)].
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. N. Vishnyakov, K. S. Zakaryan, G. G. Levin, and E. A. Streletskaya, "A study of optically transparent objects by means of a Linnik tomographic microscope," Izmerit. Tekh. (1), 46 (1999).
  5. T. Ikeda, G. Popescu, R. Dasari, and M. Feld, "Hilbert phase microscopy for investigating fast dynamics in transparent systems," Opt. Lett. 30, 1165 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. G. Popescu, et al., "Erythrocyte structure and dynamics quantified by Hilbert phase microscopy," J. Biomed. Opt. 10, 0605031 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. http://www.veeco.com/promos/default.aspx?PromoID=75&gclid=COCRzdOyuqACFQw9ZgodUnxBUA.
  8. http://zygo.com/?/met/interferometers/pti250/.
  9. F. H. Kwon, B. S. Kim, and K. Cho, "A new scanning heterodyne interferometer scheme for mapping both surface structure and effective local reflection coefficient," Opt. Express. 16, 13456 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. K. V. Indukaev, Russian Patent 2 181 498; 2001.
  11. European Patent 01922153.0-2217; 2001.
  12. U.S. Patent 10/466,351; 2003.
  13. V. A. Andreev and K. V. Indukaev, "The problem of sub-Rayleigh resolution in interference microscopy," J. Russ. Laser Res. 24, 220 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  14. V. A. Andreev and K. V. Indukaev, "Rytov–Vladimirskiĭ phase distribution in a Linnik interferometer," Bull. Lebedev Phys. Inst. (5), (2000).
  15. P. S. Ignat’ev, K. V. Indukaev, A. V. Loparev, and P. A. Osipov, "New aspects of the use of MIM-310 for nanometrology," Abstracts of Reports of Twenty-First-Century High-Tech, 2009, Moscow, pp. 17‒23.
  16. A. V. Loparev, P. S. Ignat’ev, K. V. Indukaev, P. A. Osipov, I. N. Mazalov, and A. V. Kozyrev, "High-speed modulation interference microscope for medical and biological research," Izmerit. Tekh. (11), 60 (2009).
  17. A. R. Brazhe, N. A. Brazhe, G. V. Maksimov, P. S. Ignatyev, A. B. Rubin, E. Mosekilde, and O. V. Sosnovtseva, "Phase-modulation laser interference microscopy: an advance in cell imaging and dynamics study," J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 034004 (2007).
  18. A. R. Brazhe, N. A. Brazhe, N. N. Rodionova, A. I. Yusipovich, P. S. Ignatyev, G. V. Maksimov, E. Mosekilde, and O. V. Sosnovtseva, "Non-invasive study of live nerve fibers using laser interference microscopy," Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. A 366, 3463 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  19. P. S. Ignat’ev, K. V. Indukaev, A. V. Loparev, and P. A. Osipov, "Next-generation laser microscopes for medical and biological research," Abstracts of Reports of the Second Moscow Regional Scientific and Practical Conference on Cytometry in Medicine and Biology: Fundamental and Applied Aspects, 2009, Moscow, pp. 34‒36.
  20. A. V. Loparev, A. V. Kretushev, and V. P. Tychinskiĭ, "Coherent phase microscopy: a new method of identifying intracellular structures from their optical and morphometric parameters," Biofizika 53, 299 (2008).
    [PubMed]
  21. A. B. Sokhlikov and P. S. Ignat’ev, "Laser interference microscopy in nosematosis," Pchelovodstvo (6), 25 (2008).

2009 (1)

A. V. Loparev, P. S. Ignat’ev, K. V. Indukaev, P. A. Osipov, I. N. Mazalov, and A. V. Kozyrev, "High-speed modulation interference microscope for medical and biological research," Izmerit. Tekh. (11), 60 (2009).

2008 (4)

A. R. Brazhe, N. A. Brazhe, N. N. Rodionova, A. I. Yusipovich, P. S. Ignatyev, G. V. Maksimov, E. Mosekilde, and O. V. Sosnovtseva, "Non-invasive study of live nerve fibers using laser interference microscopy," Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. A 366, 3463 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Loparev, A. V. Kretushev, and V. P. Tychinskiĭ, "Coherent phase microscopy: a new method of identifying intracellular structures from their optical and morphometric parameters," Biofizika 53, 299 (2008).
[PubMed]

A. B. Sokhlikov and P. S. Ignat’ev, "Laser interference microscopy in nosematosis," Pchelovodstvo (6), 25 (2008).

F. H. Kwon, B. S. Kim, and K. Cho, "A new scanning heterodyne interferometer scheme for mapping both surface structure and effective local reflection coefficient," Opt. Express. 16, 13456 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

V. P. Tychinskiĭ, "Dynamic phase microscopy: is a ’dialogue’ with the cell possible?," Usp. Fiz. Nauk 177, 535 (2007) [Phys.–Usp. 50, 513 (2007)].
[CrossRef]

A. R. Brazhe, N. A. Brazhe, G. V. Maksimov, P. S. Ignatyev, A. B. Rubin, E. Mosekilde, and O. V. Sosnovtseva, "Phase-modulation laser interference microscopy: an advance in cell imaging and dynamics study," J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 034004 (2007).

2005 (2)

T. Ikeda, G. Popescu, R. Dasari, and M. Feld, "Hilbert phase microscopy for investigating fast dynamics in transparent systems," Opt. Lett. 30, 1165 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Popescu, et al., "Erythrocyte structure and dynamics quantified by Hilbert phase microscopy," J. Biomed. Opt. 10, 0605031 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

V. A. Andreev and K. V. Indukaev, "The problem of sub-Rayleigh resolution in interference microscopy," J. Russ. Laser Res. 24, 220 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

V. P. Tychinskiĭ, "Coherent phase microscopy of intracellular processes," Usp. Fiz. Nauk 171, 649 (2001) [Phys.–Usp. 44, 617 (2001)].
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

V. A. Andreev and K. V. Indukaev, "Rytov–Vladimirskiĭ phase distribution in a Linnik interferometer," Bull. Lebedev Phys. Inst. (5), (2000).

1999 (1)

G. N. Vishnyakov, K. S. Zakaryan, G. G. Levin, and E. A. Streletskaya, "A study of optically transparent objects by means of a Linnik tomographic microscope," Izmerit. Tekh. (1), 46 (1999).

1996 (1)

V. P. Tychinskiĭ, "Microscopy of subwavelength structures," Usp. Fiz. Nauk 166, 1219 (1996) [Phys.–Usp. 39, 1157 (1996)].
[CrossRef]

Andreev, V. A.

V. A. Andreev and K. V. Indukaev, "The problem of sub-Rayleigh resolution in interference microscopy," J. Russ. Laser Res. 24, 220 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Andreev and K. V. Indukaev, "Rytov–Vladimirskiĭ phase distribution in a Linnik interferometer," Bull. Lebedev Phys. Inst. (5), (2000).

Brazhe, A. R.

A. R. Brazhe, N. A. Brazhe, N. N. Rodionova, A. I. Yusipovich, P. S. Ignatyev, G. V. Maksimov, E. Mosekilde, and O. V. Sosnovtseva, "Non-invasive study of live nerve fibers using laser interference microscopy," Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. A 366, 3463 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. R. Brazhe, N. A. Brazhe, G. V. Maksimov, P. S. Ignatyev, A. B. Rubin, E. Mosekilde, and O. V. Sosnovtseva, "Phase-modulation laser interference microscopy: an advance in cell imaging and dynamics study," J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 034004 (2007).

Brazhe, N. A.

A. R. Brazhe, N. A. Brazhe, N. N. Rodionova, A. I. Yusipovich, P. S. Ignatyev, G. V. Maksimov, E. Mosekilde, and O. V. Sosnovtseva, "Non-invasive study of live nerve fibers using laser interference microscopy," Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. A 366, 3463 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. R. Brazhe, N. A. Brazhe, G. V. Maksimov, P. S. Ignatyev, A. B. Rubin, E. Mosekilde, and O. V. Sosnovtseva, "Phase-modulation laser interference microscopy: an advance in cell imaging and dynamics study," J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 034004 (2007).

Cho, K.

F. H. Kwon, B. S. Kim, and K. Cho, "A new scanning heterodyne interferometer scheme for mapping both surface structure and effective local reflection coefficient," Opt. Express. 16, 13456 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dasari, R.

Feld, M.

Ignat’ev, P. S.

A. V. Loparev, P. S. Ignat’ev, K. V. Indukaev, P. A. Osipov, I. N. Mazalov, and A. V. Kozyrev, "High-speed modulation interference microscope for medical and biological research," Izmerit. Tekh. (11), 60 (2009).

A. B. Sokhlikov and P. S. Ignat’ev, "Laser interference microscopy in nosematosis," Pchelovodstvo (6), 25 (2008).

P. S. Ignat’ev, K. V. Indukaev, A. V. Loparev, and P. A. Osipov, "Next-generation laser microscopes for medical and biological research," Abstracts of Reports of the Second Moscow Regional Scientific and Practical Conference on Cytometry in Medicine and Biology: Fundamental and Applied Aspects, 2009, Moscow, pp. 34‒36.

P. S. Ignat’ev, K. V. Indukaev, A. V. Loparev, and P. A. Osipov, "New aspects of the use of MIM-310 for nanometrology," Abstracts of Reports of Twenty-First-Century High-Tech, 2009, Moscow, pp. 17‒23.

Ignatyev, P. S.

A. R. Brazhe, N. A. Brazhe, N. N. Rodionova, A. I. Yusipovich, P. S. Ignatyev, G. V. Maksimov, E. Mosekilde, and O. V. Sosnovtseva, "Non-invasive study of live nerve fibers using laser interference microscopy," Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. A 366, 3463 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. R. Brazhe, N. A. Brazhe, G. V. Maksimov, P. S. Ignatyev, A. B. Rubin, E. Mosekilde, and O. V. Sosnovtseva, "Phase-modulation laser interference microscopy: an advance in cell imaging and dynamics study," J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 034004 (2007).

Ikeda, T.

Indukaev, K. V.

A. V. Loparev, P. S. Ignat’ev, K. V. Indukaev, P. A. Osipov, I. N. Mazalov, and A. V. Kozyrev, "High-speed modulation interference microscope for medical and biological research," Izmerit. Tekh. (11), 60 (2009).

V. A. Andreev and K. V. Indukaev, "The problem of sub-Rayleigh resolution in interference microscopy," J. Russ. Laser Res. 24, 220 (2003).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Andreev and K. V. Indukaev, "Rytov–Vladimirskiĭ phase distribution in a Linnik interferometer," Bull. Lebedev Phys. Inst. (5), (2000).

P. S. Ignat’ev, K. V. Indukaev, A. V. Loparev, and P. A. Osipov, "New aspects of the use of MIM-310 for nanometrology," Abstracts of Reports of Twenty-First-Century High-Tech, 2009, Moscow, pp. 17‒23.

K. V. Indukaev, Russian Patent 2 181 498; 2001.

P. S. Ignat’ev, K. V. Indukaev, A. V. Loparev, and P. A. Osipov, "Next-generation laser microscopes for medical and biological research," Abstracts of Reports of the Second Moscow Regional Scientific and Practical Conference on Cytometry in Medicine and Biology: Fundamental and Applied Aspects, 2009, Moscow, pp. 34‒36.

Kim, B. S.

F. H. Kwon, B. S. Kim, and K. Cho, "A new scanning heterodyne interferometer scheme for mapping both surface structure and effective local reflection coefficient," Opt. Express. 16, 13456 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kozyrev, A. V.

A. V. Loparev, P. S. Ignat’ev, K. V. Indukaev, P. A. Osipov, I. N. Mazalov, and A. V. Kozyrev, "High-speed modulation interference microscope for medical and biological research," Izmerit. Tekh. (11), 60 (2009).

Kretushev, A. V.

A. V. Loparev, A. V. Kretushev, and V. P. Tychinskiĭ, "Coherent phase microscopy: a new method of identifying intracellular structures from their optical and morphometric parameters," Biofizika 53, 299 (2008).
[PubMed]

Kwon, F. H.

F. H. Kwon, B. S. Kim, and K. Cho, "A new scanning heterodyne interferometer scheme for mapping both surface structure and effective local reflection coefficient," Opt. Express. 16, 13456 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Levin, G. G.

G. N. Vishnyakov, K. S. Zakaryan, G. G. Levin, and E. A. Streletskaya, "A study of optically transparent objects by means of a Linnik tomographic microscope," Izmerit. Tekh. (1), 46 (1999).

Loparev, A. V.

A. V. Loparev, P. S. Ignat’ev, K. V. Indukaev, P. A. Osipov, I. N. Mazalov, and A. V. Kozyrev, "High-speed modulation interference microscope for medical and biological research," Izmerit. Tekh. (11), 60 (2009).

A. V. Loparev, A. V. Kretushev, and V. P. Tychinskiĭ, "Coherent phase microscopy: a new method of identifying intracellular structures from their optical and morphometric parameters," Biofizika 53, 299 (2008).
[PubMed]

P. S. Ignat’ev, K. V. Indukaev, A. V. Loparev, and P. A. Osipov, "Next-generation laser microscopes for medical and biological research," Abstracts of Reports of the Second Moscow Regional Scientific and Practical Conference on Cytometry in Medicine and Biology: Fundamental and Applied Aspects, 2009, Moscow, pp. 34‒36.

P. S. Ignat’ev, K. V. Indukaev, A. V. Loparev, and P. A. Osipov, "New aspects of the use of MIM-310 for nanometrology," Abstracts of Reports of Twenty-First-Century High-Tech, 2009, Moscow, pp. 17‒23.

Maksimov, G. V.

A. R. Brazhe, N. A. Brazhe, N. N. Rodionova, A. I. Yusipovich, P. S. Ignatyev, G. V. Maksimov, E. Mosekilde, and O. V. Sosnovtseva, "Non-invasive study of live nerve fibers using laser interference microscopy," Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. A 366, 3463 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. R. Brazhe, N. A. Brazhe, G. V. Maksimov, P. S. Ignatyev, A. B. Rubin, E. Mosekilde, and O. V. Sosnovtseva, "Phase-modulation laser interference microscopy: an advance in cell imaging and dynamics study," J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 034004 (2007).

Mazalov, I. N.

A. V. Loparev, P. S. Ignat’ev, K. V. Indukaev, P. A. Osipov, I. N. Mazalov, and A. V. Kozyrev, "High-speed modulation interference microscope for medical and biological research," Izmerit. Tekh. (11), 60 (2009).

Mosekilde, E.

A. R. Brazhe, N. A. Brazhe, N. N. Rodionova, A. I. Yusipovich, P. S. Ignatyev, G. V. Maksimov, E. Mosekilde, and O. V. Sosnovtseva, "Non-invasive study of live nerve fibers using laser interference microscopy," Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. A 366, 3463 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. R. Brazhe, N. A. Brazhe, G. V. Maksimov, P. S. Ignatyev, A. B. Rubin, E. Mosekilde, and O. V. Sosnovtseva, "Phase-modulation laser interference microscopy: an advance in cell imaging and dynamics study," J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 034004 (2007).

Osipov, P. A.

A. V. Loparev, P. S. Ignat’ev, K. V. Indukaev, P. A. Osipov, I. N. Mazalov, and A. V. Kozyrev, "High-speed modulation interference microscope for medical and biological research," Izmerit. Tekh. (11), 60 (2009).

P. S. Ignat’ev, K. V. Indukaev, A. V. Loparev, and P. A. Osipov, "New aspects of the use of MIM-310 for nanometrology," Abstracts of Reports of Twenty-First-Century High-Tech, 2009, Moscow, pp. 17‒23.

P. S. Ignat’ev, K. V. Indukaev, A. V. Loparev, and P. A. Osipov, "Next-generation laser microscopes for medical and biological research," Abstracts of Reports of the Second Moscow Regional Scientific and Practical Conference on Cytometry in Medicine and Biology: Fundamental and Applied Aspects, 2009, Moscow, pp. 34‒36.

Popescu, G.

T. Ikeda, G. Popescu, R. Dasari, and M. Feld, "Hilbert phase microscopy for investigating fast dynamics in transparent systems," Opt. Lett. 30, 1165 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Popescu, et al., "Erythrocyte structure and dynamics quantified by Hilbert phase microscopy," J. Biomed. Opt. 10, 0605031 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rodionova, N. N.

A. R. Brazhe, N. A. Brazhe, N. N. Rodionova, A. I. Yusipovich, P. S. Ignatyev, G. V. Maksimov, E. Mosekilde, and O. V. Sosnovtseva, "Non-invasive study of live nerve fibers using laser interference microscopy," Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. A 366, 3463 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rubin, A. B.

A. R. Brazhe, N. A. Brazhe, G. V. Maksimov, P. S. Ignatyev, A. B. Rubin, E. Mosekilde, and O. V. Sosnovtseva, "Phase-modulation laser interference microscopy: an advance in cell imaging and dynamics study," J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 034004 (2007).

Sokhlikov, A. B.

A. B. Sokhlikov and P. S. Ignat’ev, "Laser interference microscopy in nosematosis," Pchelovodstvo (6), 25 (2008).

Sosnovtseva, O. V.

A. R. Brazhe, N. A. Brazhe, N. N. Rodionova, A. I. Yusipovich, P. S. Ignatyev, G. V. Maksimov, E. Mosekilde, and O. V. Sosnovtseva, "Non-invasive study of live nerve fibers using laser interference microscopy," Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. A 366, 3463 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. R. Brazhe, N. A. Brazhe, G. V. Maksimov, P. S. Ignatyev, A. B. Rubin, E. Mosekilde, and O. V. Sosnovtseva, "Phase-modulation laser interference microscopy: an advance in cell imaging and dynamics study," J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 034004 (2007).

Streletskaya, E. A.

G. N. Vishnyakov, K. S. Zakaryan, G. G. Levin, and E. A. Streletskaya, "A study of optically transparent objects by means of a Linnik tomographic microscope," Izmerit. Tekh. (1), 46 (1999).

Tychinskii, V. P.

A. V. Loparev, A. V. Kretushev, and V. P. Tychinskiĭ, "Coherent phase microscopy: a new method of identifying intracellular structures from their optical and morphometric parameters," Biofizika 53, 299 (2008).
[PubMed]

V. P. Tychinskiĭ, "Dynamic phase microscopy: is a ’dialogue’ with the cell possible?," Usp. Fiz. Nauk 177, 535 (2007) [Phys.–Usp. 50, 513 (2007)].
[CrossRef]

V. P. Tychinskiĭ, "Coherent phase microscopy of intracellular processes," Usp. Fiz. Nauk 171, 649 (2001) [Phys.–Usp. 44, 617 (2001)].
[CrossRef]

V. P. Tychinskiĭ, "Microscopy of subwavelength structures," Usp. Fiz. Nauk 166, 1219 (1996) [Phys.–Usp. 39, 1157 (1996)].
[CrossRef]

Vishnyakov, G. N.

G. N. Vishnyakov, K. S. Zakaryan, G. G. Levin, and E. A. Streletskaya, "A study of optically transparent objects by means of a Linnik tomographic microscope," Izmerit. Tekh. (1), 46 (1999).

Yusipovich, A. I.

A. R. Brazhe, N. A. Brazhe, N. N. Rodionova, A. I. Yusipovich, P. S. Ignatyev, G. V. Maksimov, E. Mosekilde, and O. V. Sosnovtseva, "Non-invasive study of live nerve fibers using laser interference microscopy," Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. A 366, 3463 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zakaryan, K. S.

G. N. Vishnyakov, K. S. Zakaryan, G. G. Levin, and E. A. Streletskaya, "A study of optically transparent objects by means of a Linnik tomographic microscope," Izmerit. Tekh. (1), 46 (1999).

Biofizika (1)

A. V. Loparev, A. V. Kretushev, and V. P. Tychinskiĭ, "Coherent phase microscopy: a new method of identifying intracellular structures from their optical and morphometric parameters," Biofizika 53, 299 (2008).
[PubMed]

Bull. Lebedev Phys. Inst. (1)

V. A. Andreev and K. V. Indukaev, "Rytov–Vladimirskiĭ phase distribution in a Linnik interferometer," Bull. Lebedev Phys. Inst. (5), (2000).

Izmerit. Tekh. (2)

A. V. Loparev, P. S. Ignat’ev, K. V. Indukaev, P. A. Osipov, I. N. Mazalov, and A. V. Kozyrev, "High-speed modulation interference microscope for medical and biological research," Izmerit. Tekh. (11), 60 (2009).

G. N. Vishnyakov, K. S. Zakaryan, G. G. Levin, and E. A. Streletskaya, "A study of optically transparent objects by means of a Linnik tomographic microscope," Izmerit. Tekh. (1), 46 (1999).

J. Biomed. Opt. (2)

A. R. Brazhe, N. A. Brazhe, G. V. Maksimov, P. S. Ignatyev, A. B. Rubin, E. Mosekilde, and O. V. Sosnovtseva, "Phase-modulation laser interference microscopy: an advance in cell imaging and dynamics study," J. Biomed. Opt. 3, 034004 (2007).

G. Popescu, et al., "Erythrocyte structure and dynamics quantified by Hilbert phase microscopy," J. Biomed. Opt. 10, 0605031 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Russ. Laser Res. (1)

V. A. Andreev and K. V. Indukaev, "The problem of sub-Rayleigh resolution in interference microscopy," J. Russ. Laser Res. 24, 220 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express. (1)

F. H. Kwon, B. S. Kim, and K. Cho, "A new scanning heterodyne interferometer scheme for mapping both surface structure and effective local reflection coefficient," Opt. Express. 16, 13456 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Pchelovodstvo (1)

A. B. Sokhlikov and P. S. Ignat’ev, "Laser interference microscopy in nosematosis," Pchelovodstvo (6), 25 (2008).

Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. A (1)

A. R. Brazhe, N. A. Brazhe, N. N. Rodionova, A. I. Yusipovich, P. S. Ignatyev, G. V. Maksimov, E. Mosekilde, and O. V. Sosnovtseva, "Non-invasive study of live nerve fibers using laser interference microscopy," Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. A 366, 3463 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Usp. Fiz. Nauk (3)

V. P. Tychinskiĭ, "Microscopy of subwavelength structures," Usp. Fiz. Nauk 166, 1219 (1996) [Phys.–Usp. 39, 1157 (1996)].
[CrossRef]

V. P. Tychinskiĭ, "Coherent phase microscopy of intracellular processes," Usp. Fiz. Nauk 171, 649 (2001) [Phys.–Usp. 44, 617 (2001)].
[CrossRef]

V. P. Tychinskiĭ, "Dynamic phase microscopy: is a ’dialogue’ with the cell possible?," Usp. Fiz. Nauk 177, 535 (2007) [Phys.–Usp. 50, 513 (2007)].
[CrossRef]

Other (7)

K. V. Indukaev, Russian Patent 2 181 498; 2001.

European Patent 01922153.0-2217; 2001.

U.S. Patent 10/466,351; 2003.

P. S. Ignat’ev, K. V. Indukaev, A. V. Loparev, and P. A. Osipov, "Next-generation laser microscopes for medical and biological research," Abstracts of Reports of the Second Moscow Regional Scientific and Practical Conference on Cytometry in Medicine and Biology: Fundamental and Applied Aspects, 2009, Moscow, pp. 34‒36.

http://www.veeco.com/promos/default.aspx?PromoID=75&gclid=COCRzdOyuqACFQw9ZgodUnxBUA.

http://zygo.com/?/met/interferometers/pti250/.

P. S. Ignat’ev, K. V. Indukaev, A. V. Loparev, and P. A. Osipov, "New aspects of the use of MIM-310 for nanometrology," Abstracts of Reports of Twenty-First-Century High-Tech, 2009, Moscow, pp. 17‒23.

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