Abstract

This paper describes the design of a Mach-Zehnder fiber interferometer based on a single-mode optical fiber with a path difference from 2mto10.3km. The phase modulator of the interferometer is made in the form of a coil of fiber on a metallic cylinder, in which acoustic vibrations are excited a piezoelectric converter. The results of interferometric studies are presented for commercial single-frequency semiconductor lasers with fiber Bragg gratings (FBGs) of the 1.32 and 1.55-μm range. It is shown that the short-term line width (a few seconds to a few tens of seconds) of the spectrum of semiconductor lasers with fiber Bragg reflectors is less than 20kHz; in this case, such lasers are not strictly single-frequency lasers and based at several (two or more) closely spaced spectral lines.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Okoshi, K. Okamoto, and K. Hotate, Hikari faiba [Fiber-Optic Sensors] (Omosha, Showa, Tokyo, 1983; Energoatomizdat, Moscow, 1990) [in Japanese].
  2. A. G. Sheremet'ev, Coherent Fiber-Optic Communication (Radio i Svyaz', Moscow, 1991).
  3. A. L. Dmitriev, Zhang Yanshen, and Ma Xinyu, “Optical-fiber passive ring resonator in a low-mode radiation-propagation regime,” Opt. Zh. 67, No. 3, 19 (2000) A. L. Dmitriev, Zhang Yanshen, and Ma Xinyu, [J. Opt. Technol. 67, 219 (2000)].
  4. Kh.Takuma, ed., The Physics of Semiconductor Lasers (Mir, Moscow, 1989).
  5. V. P. Duraev, E. T. Nedelin, T. P. Nedobyvaĭlo, M. A. Sumarokov, and K. I. Klimov, “Semiconductor lasers with a Bragg fiber grating and a narrow lasing spectrum at wavelengths 1530-1560nm,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 31, 529 (2001) V. P. Duraev, E. T. Nedelin, T. P. Nedobyvaĭlo, M. A. Sumarokov, and K. I. Klimov, [Quantum Electron. 31, 529 (2001)].
  6. R. Wyatt and W. J. Devlin, “10-kHz linewidth 1.5-μm InGaAsP external cavity laser with 55-nm tuning range,” Electron. Lett. 19, 110 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics: Electromagnetic Theory of Propagation, Interference, and Diffraction of Light (Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1965; Nauka, Moscow, 1973).
  8. W. Demtroeder, Laser Spectroscopy: Basic Concepts and Instrumentation (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1981; Nauka, Moscow, 1985).
  9. R. J. Collier, C. B. Burckhardt, and L. H. Lin, Optical Holography (Academic Press, New York, 1971; Mir, Moscow, 1973).
  10. N. N. Evtikheev, O. A. Evtikheeva, I. N. Kompanets, A. E. Krasnov, Yu. N. Kul'chin, S. B. Odinokov, and B. S. Rinkevichus, Informational Optics (Izd. MÉI, Moscow, 2000).
  11. Yu. V. Gulyaev, M. Ya. Mesh, and V. V. Proklov, Modulation Effects in Fiber Lightguides and Their Use (Radio i Svyaz', Moscow, 1991).
  12. T. A. Karpacheva and A. L. Dmitriev, “The effect of temperature on the polarization properties of homogeneous and birefringent fiber lightguides,” Opt. Zh. 70, No. 11, 73 (2003) T. A. Karpacheva and A. L. Dmitriev, [J. Opt. Technol. 70, 827 (2003)].

2003 (1)

T. A. Karpacheva and A. L. Dmitriev, “The effect of temperature on the polarization properties of homogeneous and birefringent fiber lightguides,” Opt. Zh. 70, No. 11, 73 (2003) T. A. Karpacheva and A. L. Dmitriev, [J. Opt. Technol. 70, 827 (2003)].

2001 (1)

V. P. Duraev, E. T. Nedelin, T. P. Nedobyvaĭlo, M. A. Sumarokov, and K. I. Klimov, “Semiconductor lasers with a Bragg fiber grating and a narrow lasing spectrum at wavelengths 1530-1560nm,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 31, 529 (2001) V. P. Duraev, E. T. Nedelin, T. P. Nedobyvaĭlo, M. A. Sumarokov, and K. I. Klimov, [Quantum Electron. 31, 529 (2001)].

2000 (1)

A. L. Dmitriev, Zhang Yanshen, and Ma Xinyu, “Optical-fiber passive ring resonator in a low-mode radiation-propagation regime,” Opt. Zh. 67, No. 3, 19 (2000) A. L. Dmitriev, Zhang Yanshen, and Ma Xinyu, [J. Opt. Technol. 67, 219 (2000)].

1983 (1)

R. Wyatt and W. J. Devlin, “10-kHz linewidth 1.5-μm InGaAsP external cavity laser with 55-nm tuning range,” Electron. Lett. 19, 110 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics: Electromagnetic Theory of Propagation, Interference, and Diffraction of Light (Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1965; Nauka, Moscow, 1973).

Burckhardt, C. B.

R. J. Collier, C. B. Burckhardt, and L. H. Lin, Optical Holography (Academic Press, New York, 1971; Mir, Moscow, 1973).

Collier, R. J.

R. J. Collier, C. B. Burckhardt, and L. H. Lin, Optical Holography (Academic Press, New York, 1971; Mir, Moscow, 1973).

Demtroeder, W.

W. Demtroeder, Laser Spectroscopy: Basic Concepts and Instrumentation (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1981; Nauka, Moscow, 1985).

Devlin, W. J.

R. Wyatt and W. J. Devlin, “10-kHz linewidth 1.5-μm InGaAsP external cavity laser with 55-nm tuning range,” Electron. Lett. 19, 110 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Dmitriev, A. L.

T. A. Karpacheva and A. L. Dmitriev, “The effect of temperature on the polarization properties of homogeneous and birefringent fiber lightguides,” Opt. Zh. 70, No. 11, 73 (2003) T. A. Karpacheva and A. L. Dmitriev, [J. Opt. Technol. 70, 827 (2003)].

A. L. Dmitriev, Zhang Yanshen, and Ma Xinyu, “Optical-fiber passive ring resonator in a low-mode radiation-propagation regime,” Opt. Zh. 67, No. 3, 19 (2000) A. L. Dmitriev, Zhang Yanshen, and Ma Xinyu, [J. Opt. Technol. 67, 219 (2000)].

Duraev, V. P.

V. P. Duraev, E. T. Nedelin, T. P. Nedobyvaĭlo, M. A. Sumarokov, and K. I. Klimov, “Semiconductor lasers with a Bragg fiber grating and a narrow lasing spectrum at wavelengths 1530-1560nm,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 31, 529 (2001) V. P. Duraev, E. T. Nedelin, T. P. Nedobyvaĭlo, M. A. Sumarokov, and K. I. Klimov, [Quantum Electron. 31, 529 (2001)].

Evtikheev, N. N.

N. N. Evtikheev, O. A. Evtikheeva, I. N. Kompanets, A. E. Krasnov, Yu. N. Kul'chin, S. B. Odinokov, and B. S. Rinkevichus, Informational Optics (Izd. MÉI, Moscow, 2000).

Evtikheeva, O. A.

N. N. Evtikheev, O. A. Evtikheeva, I. N. Kompanets, A. E. Krasnov, Yu. N. Kul'chin, S. B. Odinokov, and B. S. Rinkevichus, Informational Optics (Izd. MÉI, Moscow, 2000).

Gulyaev, Yu. V.

Yu. V. Gulyaev, M. Ya. Mesh, and V. V. Proklov, Modulation Effects in Fiber Lightguides and Their Use (Radio i Svyaz', Moscow, 1991).

Hotate, K.

T. Okoshi, K. Okamoto, and K. Hotate, Hikari faiba [Fiber-Optic Sensors] (Omosha, Showa, Tokyo, 1983; Energoatomizdat, Moscow, 1990) [in Japanese].

Karpacheva, T. A.

T. A. Karpacheva and A. L. Dmitriev, “The effect of temperature on the polarization properties of homogeneous and birefringent fiber lightguides,” Opt. Zh. 70, No. 11, 73 (2003) T. A. Karpacheva and A. L. Dmitriev, [J. Opt. Technol. 70, 827 (2003)].

Klimov, K. I.

V. P. Duraev, E. T. Nedelin, T. P. Nedobyvaĭlo, M. A. Sumarokov, and K. I. Klimov, “Semiconductor lasers with a Bragg fiber grating and a narrow lasing spectrum at wavelengths 1530-1560nm,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 31, 529 (2001) V. P. Duraev, E. T. Nedelin, T. P. Nedobyvaĭlo, M. A. Sumarokov, and K. I. Klimov, [Quantum Electron. 31, 529 (2001)].

Kompanets, I. N.

N. N. Evtikheev, O. A. Evtikheeva, I. N. Kompanets, A. E. Krasnov, Yu. N. Kul'chin, S. B. Odinokov, and B. S. Rinkevichus, Informational Optics (Izd. MÉI, Moscow, 2000).

Krasnov, A. E.

N. N. Evtikheev, O. A. Evtikheeva, I. N. Kompanets, A. E. Krasnov, Yu. N. Kul'chin, S. B. Odinokov, and B. S. Rinkevichus, Informational Optics (Izd. MÉI, Moscow, 2000).

Kul'chin, Yu. N.

N. N. Evtikheev, O. A. Evtikheeva, I. N. Kompanets, A. E. Krasnov, Yu. N. Kul'chin, S. B. Odinokov, and B. S. Rinkevichus, Informational Optics (Izd. MÉI, Moscow, 2000).

Lin, L. H.

R. J. Collier, C. B. Burckhardt, and L. H. Lin, Optical Holography (Academic Press, New York, 1971; Mir, Moscow, 1973).

Mesh, M. Ya.

Yu. V. Gulyaev, M. Ya. Mesh, and V. V. Proklov, Modulation Effects in Fiber Lightguides and Their Use (Radio i Svyaz', Moscow, 1991).

Nedelin, E. T.

V. P. Duraev, E. T. Nedelin, T. P. Nedobyvaĭlo, M. A. Sumarokov, and K. I. Klimov, “Semiconductor lasers with a Bragg fiber grating and a narrow lasing spectrum at wavelengths 1530-1560nm,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 31, 529 (2001) V. P. Duraev, E. T. Nedelin, T. P. Nedobyvaĭlo, M. A. Sumarokov, and K. I. Klimov, [Quantum Electron. 31, 529 (2001)].

Nedobyvailo, T. P.

V. P. Duraev, E. T. Nedelin, T. P. Nedobyvaĭlo, M. A. Sumarokov, and K. I. Klimov, “Semiconductor lasers with a Bragg fiber grating and a narrow lasing spectrum at wavelengths 1530-1560nm,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 31, 529 (2001) V. P. Duraev, E. T. Nedelin, T. P. Nedobyvaĭlo, M. A. Sumarokov, and K. I. Klimov, [Quantum Electron. 31, 529 (2001)].

Odinokov, S. B.

N. N. Evtikheev, O. A. Evtikheeva, I. N. Kompanets, A. E. Krasnov, Yu. N. Kul'chin, S. B. Odinokov, and B. S. Rinkevichus, Informational Optics (Izd. MÉI, Moscow, 2000).

Okamoto, K.

T. Okoshi, K. Okamoto, and K. Hotate, Hikari faiba [Fiber-Optic Sensors] (Omosha, Showa, Tokyo, 1983; Energoatomizdat, Moscow, 1990) [in Japanese].

Okoshi, T.

T. Okoshi, K. Okamoto, and K. Hotate, Hikari faiba [Fiber-Optic Sensors] (Omosha, Showa, Tokyo, 1983; Energoatomizdat, Moscow, 1990) [in Japanese].

Proklov, V. V.

Yu. V. Gulyaev, M. Ya. Mesh, and V. V. Proklov, Modulation Effects in Fiber Lightguides and Their Use (Radio i Svyaz', Moscow, 1991).

Rinkevichus, B. S.

N. N. Evtikheev, O. A. Evtikheeva, I. N. Kompanets, A. E. Krasnov, Yu. N. Kul'chin, S. B. Odinokov, and B. S. Rinkevichus, Informational Optics (Izd. MÉI, Moscow, 2000).

Sheremet'ev, A. G.

A. G. Sheremet'ev, Coherent Fiber-Optic Communication (Radio i Svyaz', Moscow, 1991).

Sumarokov, M. A.

V. P. Duraev, E. T. Nedelin, T. P. Nedobyvaĭlo, M. A. Sumarokov, and K. I. Klimov, “Semiconductor lasers with a Bragg fiber grating and a narrow lasing spectrum at wavelengths 1530-1560nm,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 31, 529 (2001) V. P. Duraev, E. T. Nedelin, T. P. Nedobyvaĭlo, M. A. Sumarokov, and K. I. Klimov, [Quantum Electron. 31, 529 (2001)].

Wolf, E.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics: Electromagnetic Theory of Propagation, Interference, and Diffraction of Light (Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1965; Nauka, Moscow, 1973).

Wyatt, R.

R. Wyatt and W. J. Devlin, “10-kHz linewidth 1.5-μm InGaAsP external cavity laser with 55-nm tuning range,” Electron. Lett. 19, 110 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Xinyu, Ma

A. L. Dmitriev, Zhang Yanshen, and Ma Xinyu, “Optical-fiber passive ring resonator in a low-mode radiation-propagation regime,” Opt. Zh. 67, No. 3, 19 (2000) A. L. Dmitriev, Zhang Yanshen, and Ma Xinyu, [J. Opt. Technol. 67, 219 (2000)].

Yanshen, Zhang

A. L. Dmitriev, Zhang Yanshen, and Ma Xinyu, “Optical-fiber passive ring resonator in a low-mode radiation-propagation regime,” Opt. Zh. 67, No. 3, 19 (2000) A. L. Dmitriev, Zhang Yanshen, and Ma Xinyu, [J. Opt. Technol. 67, 219 (2000)].

Electron. Lett. (1)

R. Wyatt and W. J. Devlin, “10-kHz linewidth 1.5-μm InGaAsP external cavity laser with 55-nm tuning range,” Electron. Lett. 19, 110 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) (1)

V. P. Duraev, E. T. Nedelin, T. P. Nedobyvaĭlo, M. A. Sumarokov, and K. I. Klimov, “Semiconductor lasers with a Bragg fiber grating and a narrow lasing spectrum at wavelengths 1530-1560nm,” Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 31, 529 (2001) V. P. Duraev, E. T. Nedelin, T. P. Nedobyvaĭlo, M. A. Sumarokov, and K. I. Klimov, [Quantum Electron. 31, 529 (2001)].

Opt. Zh. (2)

T. A. Karpacheva and A. L. Dmitriev, “The effect of temperature on the polarization properties of homogeneous and birefringent fiber lightguides,” Opt. Zh. 70, No. 11, 73 (2003) T. A. Karpacheva and A. L. Dmitriev, [J. Opt. Technol. 70, 827 (2003)].

A. L. Dmitriev, Zhang Yanshen, and Ma Xinyu, “Optical-fiber passive ring resonator in a low-mode radiation-propagation regime,” Opt. Zh. 67, No. 3, 19 (2000) A. L. Dmitriev, Zhang Yanshen, and Ma Xinyu, [J. Opt. Technol. 67, 219 (2000)].

Other (8)

Kh.Takuma, ed., The Physics of Semiconductor Lasers (Mir, Moscow, 1989).

T. Okoshi, K. Okamoto, and K. Hotate, Hikari faiba [Fiber-Optic Sensors] (Omosha, Showa, Tokyo, 1983; Energoatomizdat, Moscow, 1990) [in Japanese].

A. G. Sheremet'ev, Coherent Fiber-Optic Communication (Radio i Svyaz', Moscow, 1991).

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics: Electromagnetic Theory of Propagation, Interference, and Diffraction of Light (Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1965; Nauka, Moscow, 1973).

W. Demtroeder, Laser Spectroscopy: Basic Concepts and Instrumentation (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1981; Nauka, Moscow, 1985).

R. J. Collier, C. B. Burckhardt, and L. H. Lin, Optical Holography (Academic Press, New York, 1971; Mir, Moscow, 1973).

N. N. Evtikheev, O. A. Evtikheeva, I. N. Kompanets, A. E. Krasnov, Yu. N. Kul'chin, S. B. Odinokov, and B. S. Rinkevichus, Informational Optics (Izd. MÉI, Moscow, 2000).

Yu. V. Gulyaev, M. Ya. Mesh, and V. V. Proklov, Modulation Effects in Fiber Lightguides and Their Use (Radio i Svyaz', Moscow, 1991).

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