Abstract

This paper presents experimental data that show that the biological action of low-intensity laser radiation (LILR) with a wavelength of 808nm (power density P=2.9mW/cm<sup>2</sup>) shows a pronounced dependence on the irradiation regime (continuous or modulated) and the modulation frequency in the range F=1-50Hz. It is shown that sturgeon embryos are convenient objects for estimating the biological activity of the radiation, while the presence of a photobiological effect can be confirmed by testing the size and weight of standard fry and their stability against the action of extreme temperatures (thermal resistance). The dose dependence of the stimulating effect for each irradiation regime is characterized by a curve with a pronounced extremum, whose magnitude and energy position are determined by the frequency modulation. The maximum stimulating action, which manifests itself in a twofold increase of the body mass of the individuals and of their thermal resistance by comparison with the control group, is observed at F=50Hz (dose E=0.17J/cm<sup>2</sup>). The prospects are discussed of using intensity-modulated radiation in medical technologies based on the action of LILR.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2008

V. Yu. Plavskiĭ and N. V. Barulin, “How low-level laser irradiation of a spark influences the vigor of the fry of sturgeon fish,” Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk. 75, 233 (2008).

2007

V. Yu. Plavskiĭ, V. A. Mostovnikov, A. B. Ryabtsev, G. R. Mostovnikova, L. G. Plavskaya, N. K. Nikeenko, V. S. Ulashchik, N. S. Serdyuchenko, P. S. Rusakevich, A. V. Volotovskaya, and I. A. Rybin, “Apparatus for low-level laser therapy: modern status and development trends,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 4, 27 (2007) V. Yu. Plavskiĭ, V. A. Mostovnikov, A. B. Ryabtsev, G. R. Mostovnikova, L. G. Plavskaya, N. K. Nikeenko, V. S. Ulashchik, N. S. Serdyuchenko, P. S. Rusakevich, A. V. Volotovskaya, and I. A. Rybin, [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 246 (2007)].

2004

F. A. Al-Watban and X. Y. Zhang, “The comparison of effects between pulsed and CW lasers on wound healing,” J. Clin. Laser Med. Surg. 22, No. 1, 15 (2004).

2003

Y. Ueda and N. Shimizu, “Effects of pulse frequency of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on bone-nodule formation in rat calvarial cells,” J. Clin. Laser Med. Surg. 21, No. 5, 271 (2003).

M. Koutna, R. Janisch, and R. Veselska, “Effects of low-power laser irradiation on cell proliferation,” Scripta Medica 76, No. 3, 163 (2003).

2002

E. L. Nussbaum, L. Lilge, and T. Mazzulli, “Effects of 810-nm laser irradiation on in vitro growth of bacteria: comparison of continuous-wave and frequency-modulated light,” Lasers Surg. Med. 31, 343 (2002).

2001

Y. Ueda and N. Shimizu, “Pulse irradiation of low-power laser stimulates bone-nodule formation,” J. Oral Sci. 43, No. 1, 55 (2001).

1997

T. Ĭ. Karu and T. P. Ryabykh, “The suppression effect of the oxidizer metabolism of cells by the pulsed radiation of a He-Ne laser depends on the duration of the dark period between pulses,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 353, 676 (1997).

1996

S. O. El Sayed and M. Dyson, “Effect of laser pulse repetition rate and pulse duration on mast cell number and degranulation,” Lasers Surg. Med. 19, 433 (1996).

1995

T. Ĭ. Karu, T. P. Ryabykh, and S. N. Antonov, “Various effects of continuous and pulsed laser radiation (λ=632.8nm) on the oxidizer metabolism of splenocytes,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 345, 407 (1995).

V. A. Mostovnikov, G. R. Mostovnikova, V. Y. Plavskii, L. G. Plavskaja, and R. P. Morosova, “Molecular mechanism of biological and therapeutically effect of low-intensity laser irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 2391, 561 (1995).

1992

A. B. Uzdenskiĭ and O. Yu. Vorob'eva, “Study of the influence of laser radiation on the roe and larvae of sturgeon,” Zh. Évolyuts Biokhim. Fiziol. 28, 329 (1992).

H. H. F. I. Van Breugel and P. R. D. Bär, “Power density and exposure time of He-Ne laser irradiation are more important than total energy dose in photo-biomodulation of human fibroblasts in vitro,” Lasers Surg. Med. 12, 528 (1992).

1986

A. T. Pikulev, T. N. Zyryanova, V. M. Lavrova, V. A. Mostovnikov, S. V. Nechaev, A. F. Lobazov, and G. A. Metel'skiĭ, “How continuous and modulated laser radiation affects the activity of the exchange enzymes of glutamic acid in rat tissues,” Radiobiologiya 26, 712 (1986).

1984

N. V. Bulyakova, “How a He-Ne laser in different irradiation regimes affects the cells of the retina after the action of ionizing radiation,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 279, 499 (1984).

Al-Watban, F. A.

F. A. Al-Watban and X. Y. Zhang, “The comparison of effects between pulsed and CW lasers on wound healing,” J. Clin. Laser Med. Surg. 22, No. 1, 15 (2004).

Antonov, S. N.

T. Ĭ. Karu, T. P. Ryabykh, and S. N. Antonov, “Various effects of continuous and pulsed laser radiation (λ=632.8nm) on the oxidizer metabolism of splenocytes,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 345, 407 (1995).

Bär, P. R. D.

H. H. F. I. Van Breugel and P. R. D. Bär, “Power density and exposure time of He-Ne laser irradiation are more important than total energy dose in photo-biomodulation of human fibroblasts in vitro,” Lasers Surg. Med. 12, 528 (1992).

Barulin, N. V.

V. Yu. Plavskiĭ and N. V. Barulin, “How low-level laser irradiation of a spark influences the vigor of the fry of sturgeon fish,” Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk. 75, 233 (2008).

Baxter, G. D.

G. D. Baxter, Therapeutic Lasers: Theory and Practice (Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh: 1994).

Bulyakova, N. V.

N. V. Bulyakova, “How a He-Ne laser in different irradiation regimes affects the cells of the retina after the action of ionizing radiation,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 279, 499 (1984).

Calderhead, R. G.

T. Ohshiro and R. G. Calderhead, Low-Level Laser Therapy: A Practical Introduction (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1988).

Dyson, M.

S. O. El Sayed and M. Dyson, “Effect of laser pulse repetition rate and pulse duration on mast cell number and degranulation,” Lasers Surg. Med. 19, 433 (1996).

El Sayed, S. O.

S. O. El Sayed and M. Dyson, “Effect of laser pulse repetition rate and pulse duration on mast cell number and degranulation,” Lasers Surg. Med. 19, 433 (1996).

Hode, L.

J. Tunér and L. Hode, Laser Therapy. Clinical Practice and Scientific Background (Prima Books, Grängesberg, 2002).

Illarionov, V. E.

V. E. Illarionov, Technique and Methodology of Procedures of Laser Therapy. A Handbook (Lazer Market, Moscow, 1994).

Janisch, R.

M. Koutna, R. Janisch, and R. Veselska, “Effects of low-power laser irradiation on cell proliferation,” Scripta Medica 76, No. 3, 163 (2003).

Karu, T. I.

T. Ĭ. Karu and T. P. Ryabykh, “The suppression effect of the oxidizer metabolism of cells by the pulsed radiation of a He-Ne laser depends on the duration of the dark period between pulses,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 353, 676 (1997).

T. Ĭ. Karu, T. P. Ryabykh, and S. N. Antonov, “Various effects of continuous and pulsed laser radiation (λ=632.8nm) on the oxidizer metabolism of splenocytes,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 345, 407 (1995).

Kasimov, R. Yu.

V. I. Luk'yanenko, R. Yu. Kasimov, and A. A. Kokoza, “Age-weight standard of the fish-farm fry of Caspian sturgeon (experimental basis)” Volgograd: Inst. Biologii Vnutr. Vod, 1984.

Khokhlov, I. V.

A. S. Kryuk, V. A. Mostovnikov, I. V. Khokhlov, and N. S. Serdyuchenko, Therapeutic Efficiency of Low-Intensity Laser Radiation (Nauka i Tekhnika, Minsk, 1986).

Kokoza, A. A.

V. I. Luk'yanenko, R. Yu. Kasimov, and A. A. Kokoza, “Age-weight standard of the fish-farm fry of Caspian sturgeon (experimental basis)” Volgograd: Inst. Biologii Vnutr. Vod, 1984.

Koutna, M.

M. Koutna, R. Janisch, and R. Veselska, “Effects of low-power laser irradiation on cell proliferation,” Scripta Medica 76, No. 3, 163 (2003).

Kryuk, A. S.

A. S. Kryuk, V. A. Mostovnikov, I. V. Khokhlov, and N. S. Serdyuchenko, Therapeutic Efficiency of Low-Intensity Laser Radiation (Nauka i Tekhnika, Minsk, 1986).

Lavrova, V. M.

A. T. Pikulev, T. N. Zyryanova, V. M. Lavrova, V. A. Mostovnikov, S. V. Nechaev, A. F. Lobazov, and G. A. Metel'skiĭ, “How continuous and modulated laser radiation affects the activity of the exchange enzymes of glutamic acid in rat tissues,” Radiobiologiya 26, 712 (1986).

Lilge, L.

E. L. Nussbaum, L. Lilge, and T. Mazzulli, “Effects of 810-nm laser irradiation on in vitro growth of bacteria: comparison of continuous-wave and frequency-modulated light,” Lasers Surg. Med. 31, 343 (2002).

Lobazov, A. F.

A. T. Pikulev, T. N. Zyryanova, V. M. Lavrova, V. A. Mostovnikov, S. V. Nechaev, A. F. Lobazov, and G. A. Metel'skiĭ, “How continuous and modulated laser radiation affects the activity of the exchange enzymes of glutamic acid in rat tissues,” Radiobiologiya 26, 712 (1986).

Luk'yanenko, V. I.

V. I. Luk'yanenko, R. Yu. Kasimov, and A. A. Kokoza, “Age-weight standard of the fish-farm fry of Caspian sturgeon (experimental basis)” Volgograd: Inst. Biologii Vnutr. Vod, 1984.

Mazzulli, T.

E. L. Nussbaum, L. Lilge, and T. Mazzulli, “Effects of 810-nm laser irradiation on in vitro growth of bacteria: comparison of continuous-wave and frequency-modulated light,” Lasers Surg. Med. 31, 343 (2002).

Metel'skii, G. A.

A. T. Pikulev, T. N. Zyryanova, V. M. Lavrova, V. A. Mostovnikov, S. V. Nechaev, A. F. Lobazov, and G. A. Metel'skiĭ, “How continuous and modulated laser radiation affects the activity of the exchange enzymes of glutamic acid in rat tissues,” Radiobiologiya 26, 712 (1986).

Morosova, R. P.

V. A. Mostovnikov, G. R. Mostovnikova, V. Y. Plavskii, L. G. Plavskaja, and R. P. Morosova, “Molecular mechanism of biological and therapeutically effect of low-intensity laser irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 2391, 561 (1995).

Mostovnikov, V. A.

V. Yu. Plavskiĭ, V. A. Mostovnikov, A. B. Ryabtsev, G. R. Mostovnikova, L. G. Plavskaya, N. K. Nikeenko, V. S. Ulashchik, N. S. Serdyuchenko, P. S. Rusakevich, A. V. Volotovskaya, and I. A. Rybin, “Apparatus for low-level laser therapy: modern status and development trends,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 4, 27 (2007) V. Yu. Plavskiĭ, V. A. Mostovnikov, A. B. Ryabtsev, G. R. Mostovnikova, L. G. Plavskaya, N. K. Nikeenko, V. S. Ulashchik, N. S. Serdyuchenko, P. S. Rusakevich, A. V. Volotovskaya, and I. A. Rybin, [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 246 (2007)].

V. A. Mostovnikov, G. R. Mostovnikova, V. Y. Plavskii, L. G. Plavskaja, and R. P. Morosova, “Molecular mechanism of biological and therapeutically effect of low-intensity laser irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 2391, 561 (1995).

A. T. Pikulev, T. N. Zyryanova, V. M. Lavrova, V. A. Mostovnikov, S. V. Nechaev, A. F. Lobazov, and G. A. Metel'skiĭ, “How continuous and modulated laser radiation affects the activity of the exchange enzymes of glutamic acid in rat tissues,” Radiobiologiya 26, 712 (1986).

A. S. Kryuk, V. A. Mostovnikov, I. V. Khokhlov, and N. S. Serdyuchenko, Therapeutic Efficiency of Low-Intensity Laser Radiation (Nauka i Tekhnika, Minsk, 1986).

Mostovnikova, G. R.

V. Yu. Plavskiĭ, V. A. Mostovnikov, A. B. Ryabtsev, G. R. Mostovnikova, L. G. Plavskaya, N. K. Nikeenko, V. S. Ulashchik, N. S. Serdyuchenko, P. S. Rusakevich, A. V. Volotovskaya, and I. A. Rybin, “Apparatus for low-level laser therapy: modern status and development trends,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 4, 27 (2007) V. Yu. Plavskiĭ, V. A. Mostovnikov, A. B. Ryabtsev, G. R. Mostovnikova, L. G. Plavskaya, N. K. Nikeenko, V. S. Ulashchik, N. S. Serdyuchenko, P. S. Rusakevich, A. V. Volotovskaya, and I. A. Rybin, [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 246 (2007)].

V. A. Mostovnikov, G. R. Mostovnikova, V. Y. Plavskii, L. G. Plavskaja, and R. P. Morosova, “Molecular mechanism of biological and therapeutically effect of low-intensity laser irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 2391, 561 (1995).

Nechaev, S. V.

A. T. Pikulev, T. N. Zyryanova, V. M. Lavrova, V. A. Mostovnikov, S. V. Nechaev, A. F. Lobazov, and G. A. Metel'skiĭ, “How continuous and modulated laser radiation affects the activity of the exchange enzymes of glutamic acid in rat tissues,” Radiobiologiya 26, 712 (1986).

Nikeenko, N. K.

V. Yu. Plavskiĭ, V. A. Mostovnikov, A. B. Ryabtsev, G. R. Mostovnikova, L. G. Plavskaya, N. K. Nikeenko, V. S. Ulashchik, N. S. Serdyuchenko, P. S. Rusakevich, A. V. Volotovskaya, and I. A. Rybin, “Apparatus for low-level laser therapy: modern status and development trends,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 4, 27 (2007) V. Yu. Plavskiĭ, V. A. Mostovnikov, A. B. Ryabtsev, G. R. Mostovnikova, L. G. Plavskaya, N. K. Nikeenko, V. S. Ulashchik, N. S. Serdyuchenko, P. S. Rusakevich, A. V. Volotovskaya, and I. A. Rybin, [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 246 (2007)].

Nussbaum, E. L.

E. L. Nussbaum, L. Lilge, and T. Mazzulli, “Effects of 810-nm laser irradiation on in vitro growth of bacteria: comparison of continuous-wave and frequency-modulated light,” Lasers Surg. Med. 31, 343 (2002).

Ohshiro, T.

T. Ohshiro and R. G. Calderhead, Low-Level Laser Therapy: A Practical Introduction (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1988).

Pikulev, A. T.

A. T. Pikulev, T. N. Zyryanova, V. M. Lavrova, V. A. Mostovnikov, S. V. Nechaev, A. F. Lobazov, and G. A. Metel'skiĭ, “How continuous and modulated laser radiation affects the activity of the exchange enzymes of glutamic acid in rat tissues,” Radiobiologiya 26, 712 (1986).

Plavskaja, L. G.

V. A. Mostovnikov, G. R. Mostovnikova, V. Y. Plavskii, L. G. Plavskaja, and R. P. Morosova, “Molecular mechanism of biological and therapeutically effect of low-intensity laser irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 2391, 561 (1995).

Plavskaya, L. G.

V. Yu. Plavskiĭ, V. A. Mostovnikov, A. B. Ryabtsev, G. R. Mostovnikova, L. G. Plavskaya, N. K. Nikeenko, V. S. Ulashchik, N. S. Serdyuchenko, P. S. Rusakevich, A. V. Volotovskaya, and I. A. Rybin, “Apparatus for low-level laser therapy: modern status and development trends,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 4, 27 (2007) V. Yu. Plavskiĭ, V. A. Mostovnikov, A. B. Ryabtsev, G. R. Mostovnikova, L. G. Plavskaya, N. K. Nikeenko, V. S. Ulashchik, N. S. Serdyuchenko, P. S. Rusakevich, A. V. Volotovskaya, and I. A. Rybin, [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 246 (2007)].

Plavskii, V. Y.

V. A. Mostovnikov, G. R. Mostovnikova, V. Y. Plavskii, L. G. Plavskaja, and R. P. Morosova, “Molecular mechanism of biological and therapeutically effect of low-intensity laser irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 2391, 561 (1995).

Plavskii, V. Yu.

V. Yu. Plavskiĭ and N. V. Barulin, “How low-level laser irradiation of a spark influences the vigor of the fry of sturgeon fish,” Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk. 75, 233 (2008).

V. Yu. Plavskiĭ, V. A. Mostovnikov, A. B. Ryabtsev, G. R. Mostovnikova, L. G. Plavskaya, N. K. Nikeenko, V. S. Ulashchik, N. S. Serdyuchenko, P. S. Rusakevich, A. V. Volotovskaya, and I. A. Rybin, “Apparatus for low-level laser therapy: modern status and development trends,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 4, 27 (2007) V. Yu. Plavskiĭ, V. A. Mostovnikov, A. B. Ryabtsev, G. R. Mostovnikova, L. G. Plavskaya, N. K. Nikeenko, V. S. Ulashchik, N. S. Serdyuchenko, P. S. Rusakevich, A. V. Volotovskaya, and I. A. Rybin, [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 246 (2007)].

Rusakevich, P. S.

V. Yu. Plavskiĭ, V. A. Mostovnikov, A. B. Ryabtsev, G. R. Mostovnikova, L. G. Plavskaya, N. K. Nikeenko, V. S. Ulashchik, N. S. Serdyuchenko, P. S. Rusakevich, A. V. Volotovskaya, and I. A. Rybin, “Apparatus for low-level laser therapy: modern status and development trends,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 4, 27 (2007) V. Yu. Plavskiĭ, V. A. Mostovnikov, A. B. Ryabtsev, G. R. Mostovnikova, L. G. Plavskaya, N. K. Nikeenko, V. S. Ulashchik, N. S. Serdyuchenko, P. S. Rusakevich, A. V. Volotovskaya, and I. A. Rybin, [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 246 (2007)].

Ryabtsev, A. B.

V. Yu. Plavskiĭ, V. A. Mostovnikov, A. B. Ryabtsev, G. R. Mostovnikova, L. G. Plavskaya, N. K. Nikeenko, V. S. Ulashchik, N. S. Serdyuchenko, P. S. Rusakevich, A. V. Volotovskaya, and I. A. Rybin, “Apparatus for low-level laser therapy: modern status and development trends,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 4, 27 (2007) V. Yu. Plavskiĭ, V. A. Mostovnikov, A. B. Ryabtsev, G. R. Mostovnikova, L. G. Plavskaya, N. K. Nikeenko, V. S. Ulashchik, N. S. Serdyuchenko, P. S. Rusakevich, A. V. Volotovskaya, and I. A. Rybin, [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 246 (2007)].

Ryabykh, T. P.

T. Ĭ. Karu and T. P. Ryabykh, “The suppression effect of the oxidizer metabolism of cells by the pulsed radiation of a He-Ne laser depends on the duration of the dark period between pulses,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 353, 676 (1997).

T. Ĭ. Karu, T. P. Ryabykh, and S. N. Antonov, “Various effects of continuous and pulsed laser radiation (λ=632.8nm) on the oxidizer metabolism of splenocytes,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 345, 407 (1995).

Rybin, I. A.

V. Yu. Plavskiĭ, V. A. Mostovnikov, A. B. Ryabtsev, G. R. Mostovnikova, L. G. Plavskaya, N. K. Nikeenko, V. S. Ulashchik, N. S. Serdyuchenko, P. S. Rusakevich, A. V. Volotovskaya, and I. A. Rybin, “Apparatus for low-level laser therapy: modern status and development trends,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 4, 27 (2007) V. Yu. Plavskiĭ, V. A. Mostovnikov, A. B. Ryabtsev, G. R. Mostovnikova, L. G. Plavskaya, N. K. Nikeenko, V. S. Ulashchik, N. S. Serdyuchenko, P. S. Rusakevich, A. V. Volotovskaya, and I. A. Rybin, [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 246 (2007)].

Serdyuchenko, N. S.

V. Yu. Plavskiĭ, V. A. Mostovnikov, A. B. Ryabtsev, G. R. Mostovnikova, L. G. Plavskaya, N. K. Nikeenko, V. S. Ulashchik, N. S. Serdyuchenko, P. S. Rusakevich, A. V. Volotovskaya, and I. A. Rybin, “Apparatus for low-level laser therapy: modern status and development trends,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 4, 27 (2007) V. Yu. Plavskiĭ, V. A. Mostovnikov, A. B. Ryabtsev, G. R. Mostovnikova, L. G. Plavskaya, N. K. Nikeenko, V. S. Ulashchik, N. S. Serdyuchenko, P. S. Rusakevich, A. V. Volotovskaya, and I. A. Rybin, [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 246 (2007)].

A. S. Kryuk, V. A. Mostovnikov, I. V. Khokhlov, and N. S. Serdyuchenko, Therapeutic Efficiency of Low-Intensity Laser Radiation (Nauka i Tekhnika, Minsk, 1986).

Shimizu, N.

Y. Ueda and N. Shimizu, “Effects of pulse frequency of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on bone-nodule formation in rat calvarial cells,” J. Clin. Laser Med. Surg. 21, No. 5, 271 (2003).

Y. Ueda and N. Shimizu, “Pulse irradiation of low-power laser stimulates bone-nodule formation,” J. Oral Sci. 43, No. 1, 55 (2001).

Tunér, J.

J. Tunér and L. Hode, Laser Therapy. Clinical Practice and Scientific Background (Prima Books, Grängesberg, 2002).

Ueda, Y.

Y. Ueda and N. Shimizu, “Effects of pulse frequency of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on bone-nodule formation in rat calvarial cells,” J. Clin. Laser Med. Surg. 21, No. 5, 271 (2003).

Y. Ueda and N. Shimizu, “Pulse irradiation of low-power laser stimulates bone-nodule formation,” J. Oral Sci. 43, No. 1, 55 (2001).

Ulashchik, V. S.

V. Yu. Plavskiĭ, V. A. Mostovnikov, A. B. Ryabtsev, G. R. Mostovnikova, L. G. Plavskaya, N. K. Nikeenko, V. S. Ulashchik, N. S. Serdyuchenko, P. S. Rusakevich, A. V. Volotovskaya, and I. A. Rybin, “Apparatus for low-level laser therapy: modern status and development trends,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 4, 27 (2007) V. Yu. Plavskiĭ, V. A. Mostovnikov, A. B. Ryabtsev, G. R. Mostovnikova, L. G. Plavskaya, N. K. Nikeenko, V. S. Ulashchik, N. S. Serdyuchenko, P. S. Rusakevich, A. V. Volotovskaya, and I. A. Rybin, [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 246 (2007)].

V. S. Ulashchik, “Concerning actual and probable ways to increase the efficiency of laser therapy,” in Lasers in Biomedicine. Materials of an International Conference, Minsk, Institut Fiz. NAN Belarusi, 2003, vol. 1, pp. 9-17.

Uzdenskii, A. B.

A. B. Uzdenskiĭ and O. Yu. Vorob'eva, “Study of the influence of laser radiation on the roe and larvae of sturgeon,” Zh. Évolyuts Biokhim. Fiziol. 28, 329 (1992).

Van Breugel, H. H. F. I.

H. H. F. I. Van Breugel and P. R. D. Bär, “Power density and exposure time of He-Ne laser irradiation are more important than total energy dose in photo-biomodulation of human fibroblasts in vitro,” Lasers Surg. Med. 12, 528 (1992).

Veselska, R.

M. Koutna, R. Janisch, and R. Veselska, “Effects of low-power laser irradiation on cell proliferation,” Scripta Medica 76, No. 3, 163 (2003).

Volotovskaya, A. V.

V. Yu. Plavskiĭ, V. A. Mostovnikov, A. B. Ryabtsev, G. R. Mostovnikova, L. G. Plavskaya, N. K. Nikeenko, V. S. Ulashchik, N. S. Serdyuchenko, P. S. Rusakevich, A. V. Volotovskaya, and I. A. Rybin, “Apparatus for low-level laser therapy: modern status and development trends,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 4, 27 (2007) V. Yu. Plavskiĭ, V. A. Mostovnikov, A. B. Ryabtsev, G. R. Mostovnikova, L. G. Plavskaya, N. K. Nikeenko, V. S. Ulashchik, N. S. Serdyuchenko, P. S. Rusakevich, A. V. Volotovskaya, and I. A. Rybin, [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 246 (2007)].

Vorob'eva, O. Yu.

A. B. Uzdenskiĭ and O. Yu. Vorob'eva, “Study of the influence of laser radiation on the roe and larvae of sturgeon,” Zh. Évolyuts Biokhim. Fiziol. 28, 329 (1992).

Zhang, X. Y.

F. A. Al-Watban and X. Y. Zhang, “The comparison of effects between pulsed and CW lasers on wound healing,” J. Clin. Laser Med. Surg. 22, No. 1, 15 (2004).

Zyryanova, T. N.

A. T. Pikulev, T. N. Zyryanova, V. M. Lavrova, V. A. Mostovnikov, S. V. Nechaev, A. F. Lobazov, and G. A. Metel'skiĭ, “How continuous and modulated laser radiation affects the activity of the exchange enzymes of glutamic acid in rat tissues,” Radiobiologiya 26, 712 (1986).

Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR

T. Ĭ. Karu, T. P. Ryabykh, and S. N. Antonov, “Various effects of continuous and pulsed laser radiation (λ=632.8nm) on the oxidizer metabolism of splenocytes,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 345, 407 (1995).

T. Ĭ. Karu and T. P. Ryabykh, “The suppression effect of the oxidizer metabolism of cells by the pulsed radiation of a He-Ne laser depends on the duration of the dark period between pulses,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 353, 676 (1997).

N. V. Bulyakova, “How a He-Ne laser in different irradiation regimes affects the cells of the retina after the action of ionizing radiation,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 279, 499 (1984).

J. Clin. Laser Med. Surg.

Y. Ueda and N. Shimizu, “Effects of pulse frequency of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on bone-nodule formation in rat calvarial cells,” J. Clin. Laser Med. Surg. 21, No. 5, 271 (2003).

F. A. Al-Watban and X. Y. Zhang, “The comparison of effects between pulsed and CW lasers on wound healing,” J. Clin. Laser Med. Surg. 22, No. 1, 15 (2004).

J. Oral Sci.

Y. Ueda and N. Shimizu, “Pulse irradiation of low-power laser stimulates bone-nodule formation,” J. Oral Sci. 43, No. 1, 55 (2001).

Lasers Surg. Med.

S. O. El Sayed and M. Dyson, “Effect of laser pulse repetition rate and pulse duration on mast cell number and degranulation,” Lasers Surg. Med. 19, 433 (1996).

E. L. Nussbaum, L. Lilge, and T. Mazzulli, “Effects of 810-nm laser irradiation on in vitro growth of bacteria: comparison of continuous-wave and frequency-modulated light,” Lasers Surg. Med. 31, 343 (2002).

H. H. F. I. Van Breugel and P. R. D. Bär, “Power density and exposure time of He-Ne laser irradiation are more important than total energy dose in photo-biomodulation of human fibroblasts in vitro,” Lasers Surg. Med. 12, 528 (1992).

Opt. Zh.

V. Yu. Plavskiĭ, V. A. Mostovnikov, A. B. Ryabtsev, G. R. Mostovnikova, L. G. Plavskaya, N. K. Nikeenko, V. S. Ulashchik, N. S. Serdyuchenko, P. S. Rusakevich, A. V. Volotovskaya, and I. A. Rybin, “Apparatus for low-level laser therapy: modern status and development trends,” Opt. Zh. 74, No. 4, 27 (2007) V. Yu. Plavskiĭ, V. A. Mostovnikov, A. B. Ryabtsev, G. R. Mostovnikova, L. G. Plavskaya, N. K. Nikeenko, V. S. Ulashchik, N. S. Serdyuchenko, P. S. Rusakevich, A. V. Volotovskaya, and I. A. Rybin, [J. Opt. Technol. 74, 246 (2007)].

Proc. SPIE

V. A. Mostovnikov, G. R. Mostovnikova, V. Y. Plavskii, L. G. Plavskaja, and R. P. Morosova, “Molecular mechanism of biological and therapeutically effect of low-intensity laser irradiation,” Proc. SPIE 2391, 561 (1995).

Radiobiologiya

A. T. Pikulev, T. N. Zyryanova, V. M. Lavrova, V. A. Mostovnikov, S. V. Nechaev, A. F. Lobazov, and G. A. Metel'skiĭ, “How continuous and modulated laser radiation affects the activity of the exchange enzymes of glutamic acid in rat tissues,” Radiobiologiya 26, 712 (1986).

Scripta Medica

M. Koutna, R. Janisch, and R. Veselska, “Effects of low-power laser irradiation on cell proliferation,” Scripta Medica 76, No. 3, 163 (2003).

Zh. Évolyuts Biokhim. Fiziol.

A. B. Uzdenskiĭ and O. Yu. Vorob'eva, “Study of the influence of laser radiation on the roe and larvae of sturgeon,” Zh. Évolyuts Biokhim. Fiziol. 28, 329 (1992).

Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk.

V. Yu. Plavskiĭ and N. V. Barulin, “How low-level laser irradiation of a spark influences the vigor of the fry of sturgeon fish,” Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk. 75, 233 (2008).

Other

A. S. Kryuk, V. A. Mostovnikov, I. V. Khokhlov, and N. S. Serdyuchenko, Therapeutic Efficiency of Low-Intensity Laser Radiation (Nauka i Tekhnika, Minsk, 1986).

S.D.Pletnev, ed., Lasers in Clinical Medicine. A Handbook for Physicians (Meditisina, Moscow, 1996).

S.V.Moskvin and V.A.Buĭlin, eds. Low-Intensity Laser Therapy (NPLTs Tekhnika, Moscow, 2000).

T. Ohshiro and R. G. Calderhead, Low-Level Laser Therapy: A Practical Introduction (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1988).

G. D. Baxter, Therapeutic Lasers: Theory and Practice (Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh: 1994).

J. Tunér and L. Hode, Laser Therapy. Clinical Practice and Scientific Background (Prima Books, Grängesberg, 2002).

V. I. Luk'yanenko, R. Yu. Kasimov, and A. A. Kokoza, “Age-weight standard of the fish-farm fry of Caspian sturgeon (experimental basis)” Volgograd: Inst. Biologii Vnutr. Vod, 1984.

V. S. Ulashchik, “Concerning actual and probable ways to increase the efficiency of laser therapy,” in Lasers in Biomedicine. Materials of an International Conference, Minsk, Institut Fiz. NAN Belarusi, 2003, vol. 1, pp. 9-17.

V. E. Illarionov, Technique and Methodology of Procedures of Laser Therapy. A Handbook (Lazer Market, Moscow, 1994).

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