Abstract

This paper discusses the dynamics of the atomic radiation from an erosion laser plasma that accompanies transitions from one upper excited state to several lower states. Intensity oscillations in time of the spectral lines of such radiation are detected. It is shown that the observed features of the decay of the excited states of atoms over several radiative channels are caused by self-absorption. The difference between the ratio of the time-integrated radiation intensities of the spectral lines for transitions from one upper level and the ratio of their transition probabilities can reach 15% because of self-absorption. In the case of time-resolved measurements, self-absorption at the back of the plasma can completely distort the intensity ratio with respect to the intensity ratio based on the transition probabilities.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. Binns, “Nanoclusters deposited on surfaces,” Surf. Sci. Rep. 44, 1 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. S. Yi, I. W. Kim, H. L. Park, J. S. Bae, B. K. Moon, and J. H. Jeong, “Luminescence characteristics of pulsed laser-deposited ZnGa2O4 thin-film phosphors grown on various substrates,” J. Cryst. Growth 247, 213 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. J. Tallents, “The physics of soft x-ray lasers pumped by electron collisions in laser plasmas,” J. Phys. D 36, R259 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. Qi, R. M. Gilgenbach, M. C. Jones, M. D. Johnston, Y. Y. Lau, L. M. Wang, J. Lian, G. L. Doll, and A. Lazarides, “Diagnostic characterization of ablation plasma ion implantation,” Appl. Phys. (N.Y.) 93, 8876 (2003).
  5. E. F. Rexer, M. P. Joshi, R. L. DeLeon, P. N. Prasad, and J. F. Garvey, “A reactive laser ablation source for the production of thin films,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3028 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. E. Russo, X. Mao, and S. S. Mao, “The physics of laser ablation in microchemical analysis,” Analyt. Chem. 74, No. 3, 70A (2002).
  7. L. T. Sukhov, Laser Spectral Analysis (Nauka, Novosibirsk, 1990).
  8. A. K. Shuaibov and M. P. Chuchman, “Study of the plasma of a flare that accompanies the laser irradiation of a target containing lead and gallium,” Opt. Zh. 72, No. 10, 19 (2005) A. K. Shuaibov and M. P. Chuchman, [J. Opt. Technol. 72, 749 (2005)].
  9. P. L. Smith, C. Heise, J. R. Esmond, and R. L. Kurucz, “Atomic spectral line database from CD-ROM 23 of R. L. Kurucz, Cambridge: Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory,”; 1995, http://cfa-www.harvard.edu/amp.
  10. “Research of the optical characteristics and parameters of the laser plasma polycrystal CuInS2 and its components,” Ukr. Fiz. Zh. (Ukrainian Ed.) 48, No. 3, 223 (2003).
  11. A. K. Shuaibov, M. P. Chuchman, and I. É. Kacher, “Electron temperature and concentration in the laser erosion plasma of lead and gallium,” Opt. Spectrosc. 100, 397 (2006) A. K. Shuaibov, M. P. Chuchman, and I. É. Kacher, [Opt. Spectrosc. 100, 346 (2006)].
  12. A. K. Shuaibov and M. P. Chuchman, “Parameters of laser plasma based on a polycrystalline sample of CuInS2, copper, and indium,” Pis'ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 29, No. 12, 1 (2003) A. K. Shuaibov and M. P. Chuchman, [Tech. Phys. Lett. 29, 485 (2003)].
  13. R. C. Issac, S. S. Harilal, C. V. Bindhu, G. K. Varier, V. P. N. Nampoori, and C. P. G. Vallabhan, “Anomalous profile of a self-reversed resonance line from Ba+ in a laser-produced plasma from YBa2Cu3O7,” Spectrochim. Acta, Part B 52, 1791 (1997).
  14. H. Wang, H. Ohba, M. Saeki, M. Miyabe, T. Shibata, H. Miyatake, and H. Iimura, “Velocity and metastable state population distributions of neodymium atoms produced by laser ablation,” Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 81, 1127 (2005).

2006 (1)

A. K. Shuaibov, M. P. Chuchman, and I. É. Kacher, “Electron temperature and concentration in the laser erosion plasma of lead and gallium,” Opt. Spectrosc. 100, 397 (2006) A. K. Shuaibov, M. P. Chuchman, and I. É. Kacher, [Opt. Spectrosc. 100, 346 (2006)].

2005 (2)

A. K. Shuaibov and M. P. Chuchman, “Study of the plasma of a flare that accompanies the laser irradiation of a target containing lead and gallium,” Opt. Zh. 72, No. 10, 19 (2005) A. K. Shuaibov and M. P. Chuchman, [J. Opt. Technol. 72, 749 (2005)].

H. Wang, H. Ohba, M. Saeki, M. Miyabe, T. Shibata, H. Miyatake, and H. Iimura, “Velocity and metastable state population distributions of neodymium atoms produced by laser ablation,” Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 81, 1127 (2005).

2003 (4)

A. K. Shuaibov and M. P. Chuchman, “Parameters of laser plasma based on a polycrystalline sample of CuInS2, copper, and indium,” Pis'ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 29, No. 12, 1 (2003) A. K. Shuaibov and M. P. Chuchman, [Tech. Phys. Lett. 29, 485 (2003)].

S. S. Yi, I. W. Kim, H. L. Park, J. S. Bae, B. K. Moon, and J. H. Jeong, “Luminescence characteristics of pulsed laser-deposited ZnGa2O4 thin-film phosphors grown on various substrates,” J. Cryst. Growth 247, 213 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Tallents, “The physics of soft x-ray lasers pumped by electron collisions in laser plasmas,” J. Phys. D 36, R259 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. Qi, R. M. Gilgenbach, M. C. Jones, M. D. Johnston, Y. Y. Lau, L. M. Wang, J. Lian, G. L. Doll, and A. Lazarides, “Diagnostic characterization of ablation plasma ion implantation,” Appl. Phys. (N.Y.) 93, 8876 (2003).

2002 (1)

R. E. Russo, X. Mao, and S. S. Mao, “The physics of laser ablation in microchemical analysis,” Analyt. Chem. 74, No. 3, 70A (2002).

2001 (1)

C. Binns, “Nanoclusters deposited on surfaces,” Surf. Sci. Rep. 44, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

E. F. Rexer, M. P. Joshi, R. L. DeLeon, P. N. Prasad, and J. F. Garvey, “A reactive laser ablation source for the production of thin films,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3028 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

R. C. Issac, S. S. Harilal, C. V. Bindhu, G. K. Varier, V. P. N. Nampoori, and C. P. G. Vallabhan, “Anomalous profile of a self-reversed resonance line from Ba+ in a laser-produced plasma from YBa2Cu3O7,” Spectrochim. Acta, Part B 52, 1791 (1997).

Bae, J. S.

S. S. Yi, I. W. Kim, H. L. Park, J. S. Bae, B. K. Moon, and J. H. Jeong, “Luminescence characteristics of pulsed laser-deposited ZnGa2O4 thin-film phosphors grown on various substrates,” J. Cryst. Growth 247, 213 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bindhu, C. V.

R. C. Issac, S. S. Harilal, C. V. Bindhu, G. K. Varier, V. P. N. Nampoori, and C. P. G. Vallabhan, “Anomalous profile of a self-reversed resonance line from Ba+ in a laser-produced plasma from YBa2Cu3O7,” Spectrochim. Acta, Part B 52, 1791 (1997).

Binns, C.

C. Binns, “Nanoclusters deposited on surfaces,” Surf. Sci. Rep. 44, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chuchman, M. P.

A. K. Shuaibov, M. P. Chuchman, and I. É. Kacher, “Electron temperature and concentration in the laser erosion plasma of lead and gallium,” Opt. Spectrosc. 100, 397 (2006) A. K. Shuaibov, M. P. Chuchman, and I. É. Kacher, [Opt. Spectrosc. 100, 346 (2006)].

A. K. Shuaibov and M. P. Chuchman, “Study of the plasma of a flare that accompanies the laser irradiation of a target containing lead and gallium,” Opt. Zh. 72, No. 10, 19 (2005) A. K. Shuaibov and M. P. Chuchman, [J. Opt. Technol. 72, 749 (2005)].

A. K. Shuaibov and M. P. Chuchman, “Parameters of laser plasma based on a polycrystalline sample of CuInS2, copper, and indium,” Pis'ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 29, No. 12, 1 (2003) A. K. Shuaibov and M. P. Chuchman, [Tech. Phys. Lett. 29, 485 (2003)].

DeLeon, R. L.

E. F. Rexer, M. P. Joshi, R. L. DeLeon, P. N. Prasad, and J. F. Garvey, “A reactive laser ablation source for the production of thin films,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3028 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Doll, G. L.

B. Qi, R. M. Gilgenbach, M. C. Jones, M. D. Johnston, Y. Y. Lau, L. M. Wang, J. Lian, G. L. Doll, and A. Lazarides, “Diagnostic characterization of ablation plasma ion implantation,” Appl. Phys. (N.Y.) 93, 8876 (2003).

Esmond, J. R.

P. L. Smith, C. Heise, J. R. Esmond, and R. L. Kurucz, “Atomic spectral line database from CD-ROM 23 of R. L. Kurucz, Cambridge: Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory,”; 1995, http://cfa-www.harvard.edu/amp.

Garvey, J. F.

E. F. Rexer, M. P. Joshi, R. L. DeLeon, P. N. Prasad, and J. F. Garvey, “A reactive laser ablation source for the production of thin films,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3028 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gilgenbach, R. M.

B. Qi, R. M. Gilgenbach, M. C. Jones, M. D. Johnston, Y. Y. Lau, L. M. Wang, J. Lian, G. L. Doll, and A. Lazarides, “Diagnostic characterization of ablation plasma ion implantation,” Appl. Phys. (N.Y.) 93, 8876 (2003).

Harilal, S. S.

R. C. Issac, S. S. Harilal, C. V. Bindhu, G. K. Varier, V. P. N. Nampoori, and C. P. G. Vallabhan, “Anomalous profile of a self-reversed resonance line from Ba+ in a laser-produced plasma from YBa2Cu3O7,” Spectrochim. Acta, Part B 52, 1791 (1997).

Heise, C.

P. L. Smith, C. Heise, J. R. Esmond, and R. L. Kurucz, “Atomic spectral line database from CD-ROM 23 of R. L. Kurucz, Cambridge: Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory,”; 1995, http://cfa-www.harvard.edu/amp.

Iimura, H.

H. Wang, H. Ohba, M. Saeki, M. Miyabe, T. Shibata, H. Miyatake, and H. Iimura, “Velocity and metastable state population distributions of neodymium atoms produced by laser ablation,” Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 81, 1127 (2005).

Issac, R. C.

R. C. Issac, S. S. Harilal, C. V. Bindhu, G. K. Varier, V. P. N. Nampoori, and C. P. G. Vallabhan, “Anomalous profile of a self-reversed resonance line from Ba+ in a laser-produced plasma from YBa2Cu3O7,” Spectrochim. Acta, Part B 52, 1791 (1997).

Jeong, J. H.

S. S. Yi, I. W. Kim, H. L. Park, J. S. Bae, B. K. Moon, and J. H. Jeong, “Luminescence characteristics of pulsed laser-deposited ZnGa2O4 thin-film phosphors grown on various substrates,” J. Cryst. Growth 247, 213 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Johnston, M. D.

B. Qi, R. M. Gilgenbach, M. C. Jones, M. D. Johnston, Y. Y. Lau, L. M. Wang, J. Lian, G. L. Doll, and A. Lazarides, “Diagnostic characterization of ablation plasma ion implantation,” Appl. Phys. (N.Y.) 93, 8876 (2003).

Jones, M. C.

B. Qi, R. M. Gilgenbach, M. C. Jones, M. D. Johnston, Y. Y. Lau, L. M. Wang, J. Lian, G. L. Doll, and A. Lazarides, “Diagnostic characterization of ablation plasma ion implantation,” Appl. Phys. (N.Y.) 93, 8876 (2003).

Joshi, M. P.

E. F. Rexer, M. P. Joshi, R. L. DeLeon, P. N. Prasad, and J. F. Garvey, “A reactive laser ablation source for the production of thin films,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3028 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kacher, I. É.

A. K. Shuaibov, M. P. Chuchman, and I. É. Kacher, “Electron temperature and concentration in the laser erosion plasma of lead and gallium,” Opt. Spectrosc. 100, 397 (2006) A. K. Shuaibov, M. P. Chuchman, and I. É. Kacher, [Opt. Spectrosc. 100, 346 (2006)].

Kim, I. W.

S. S. Yi, I. W. Kim, H. L. Park, J. S. Bae, B. K. Moon, and J. H. Jeong, “Luminescence characteristics of pulsed laser-deposited ZnGa2O4 thin-film phosphors grown on various substrates,” J. Cryst. Growth 247, 213 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kurucz, R. L.

P. L. Smith, C. Heise, J. R. Esmond, and R. L. Kurucz, “Atomic spectral line database from CD-ROM 23 of R. L. Kurucz, Cambridge: Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory,”; 1995, http://cfa-www.harvard.edu/amp.

Lau, Y. Y.

B. Qi, R. M. Gilgenbach, M. C. Jones, M. D. Johnston, Y. Y. Lau, L. M. Wang, J. Lian, G. L. Doll, and A. Lazarides, “Diagnostic characterization of ablation plasma ion implantation,” Appl. Phys. (N.Y.) 93, 8876 (2003).

Lazarides, A.

B. Qi, R. M. Gilgenbach, M. C. Jones, M. D. Johnston, Y. Y. Lau, L. M. Wang, J. Lian, G. L. Doll, and A. Lazarides, “Diagnostic characterization of ablation plasma ion implantation,” Appl. Phys. (N.Y.) 93, 8876 (2003).

Lian, J.

B. Qi, R. M. Gilgenbach, M. C. Jones, M. D. Johnston, Y. Y. Lau, L. M. Wang, J. Lian, G. L. Doll, and A. Lazarides, “Diagnostic characterization of ablation plasma ion implantation,” Appl. Phys. (N.Y.) 93, 8876 (2003).

Mao, S. S.

R. E. Russo, X. Mao, and S. S. Mao, “The physics of laser ablation in microchemical analysis,” Analyt. Chem. 74, No. 3, 70A (2002).

Mao, X.

R. E. Russo, X. Mao, and S. S. Mao, “The physics of laser ablation in microchemical analysis,” Analyt. Chem. 74, No. 3, 70A (2002).

Miyabe, M.

H. Wang, H. Ohba, M. Saeki, M. Miyabe, T. Shibata, H. Miyatake, and H. Iimura, “Velocity and metastable state population distributions of neodymium atoms produced by laser ablation,” Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 81, 1127 (2005).

Miyatake, H.

H. Wang, H. Ohba, M. Saeki, M. Miyabe, T. Shibata, H. Miyatake, and H. Iimura, “Velocity and metastable state population distributions of neodymium atoms produced by laser ablation,” Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 81, 1127 (2005).

Moon, B. K.

S. S. Yi, I. W. Kim, H. L. Park, J. S. Bae, B. K. Moon, and J. H. Jeong, “Luminescence characteristics of pulsed laser-deposited ZnGa2O4 thin-film phosphors grown on various substrates,” J. Cryst. Growth 247, 213 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nampoori, V. P. N.

R. C. Issac, S. S. Harilal, C. V. Bindhu, G. K. Varier, V. P. N. Nampoori, and C. P. G. Vallabhan, “Anomalous profile of a self-reversed resonance line from Ba+ in a laser-produced plasma from YBa2Cu3O7,” Spectrochim. Acta, Part B 52, 1791 (1997).

Ohba, H.

H. Wang, H. Ohba, M. Saeki, M. Miyabe, T. Shibata, H. Miyatake, and H. Iimura, “Velocity and metastable state population distributions of neodymium atoms produced by laser ablation,” Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 81, 1127 (2005).

Park, H. L.

S. S. Yi, I. W. Kim, H. L. Park, J. S. Bae, B. K. Moon, and J. H. Jeong, “Luminescence characteristics of pulsed laser-deposited ZnGa2O4 thin-film phosphors grown on various substrates,” J. Cryst. Growth 247, 213 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Prasad, P. N.

E. F. Rexer, M. P. Joshi, R. L. DeLeon, P. N. Prasad, and J. F. Garvey, “A reactive laser ablation source for the production of thin films,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3028 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Qi, B.

B. Qi, R. M. Gilgenbach, M. C. Jones, M. D. Johnston, Y. Y. Lau, L. M. Wang, J. Lian, G. L. Doll, and A. Lazarides, “Diagnostic characterization of ablation plasma ion implantation,” Appl. Phys. (N.Y.) 93, 8876 (2003).

Rexer, E. F.

E. F. Rexer, M. P. Joshi, R. L. DeLeon, P. N. Prasad, and J. F. Garvey, “A reactive laser ablation source for the production of thin films,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3028 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Russo, R. E.

R. E. Russo, X. Mao, and S. S. Mao, “The physics of laser ablation in microchemical analysis,” Analyt. Chem. 74, No. 3, 70A (2002).

Saeki, M.

H. Wang, H. Ohba, M. Saeki, M. Miyabe, T. Shibata, H. Miyatake, and H. Iimura, “Velocity and metastable state population distributions of neodymium atoms produced by laser ablation,” Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 81, 1127 (2005).

Shibata, T.

H. Wang, H. Ohba, M. Saeki, M. Miyabe, T. Shibata, H. Miyatake, and H. Iimura, “Velocity and metastable state population distributions of neodymium atoms produced by laser ablation,” Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 81, 1127 (2005).

Shuaibov, A. K.

A. K. Shuaibov, M. P. Chuchman, and I. É. Kacher, “Electron temperature and concentration in the laser erosion plasma of lead and gallium,” Opt. Spectrosc. 100, 397 (2006) A. K. Shuaibov, M. P. Chuchman, and I. É. Kacher, [Opt. Spectrosc. 100, 346 (2006)].

A. K. Shuaibov and M. P. Chuchman, “Study of the plasma of a flare that accompanies the laser irradiation of a target containing lead and gallium,” Opt. Zh. 72, No. 10, 19 (2005) A. K. Shuaibov and M. P. Chuchman, [J. Opt. Technol. 72, 749 (2005)].

A. K. Shuaibov and M. P. Chuchman, “Parameters of laser plasma based on a polycrystalline sample of CuInS2, copper, and indium,” Pis'ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 29, No. 12, 1 (2003) A. K. Shuaibov and M. P. Chuchman, [Tech. Phys. Lett. 29, 485 (2003)].

Smith, P. L.

P. L. Smith, C. Heise, J. R. Esmond, and R. L. Kurucz, “Atomic spectral line database from CD-ROM 23 of R. L. Kurucz, Cambridge: Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory,”; 1995, http://cfa-www.harvard.edu/amp.

Sukhov, L. T.

L. T. Sukhov, Laser Spectral Analysis (Nauka, Novosibirsk, 1990).

Tallents, G. J.

G. J. Tallents, “The physics of soft x-ray lasers pumped by electron collisions in laser plasmas,” J. Phys. D 36, R259 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vallabhan, C. P. G.

R. C. Issac, S. S. Harilal, C. V. Bindhu, G. K. Varier, V. P. N. Nampoori, and C. P. G. Vallabhan, “Anomalous profile of a self-reversed resonance line from Ba+ in a laser-produced plasma from YBa2Cu3O7,” Spectrochim. Acta, Part B 52, 1791 (1997).

Varier, G. K.

R. C. Issac, S. S. Harilal, C. V. Bindhu, G. K. Varier, V. P. N. Nampoori, and C. P. G. Vallabhan, “Anomalous profile of a self-reversed resonance line from Ba+ in a laser-produced plasma from YBa2Cu3O7,” Spectrochim. Acta, Part B 52, 1791 (1997).

Wang, H.

H. Wang, H. Ohba, M. Saeki, M. Miyabe, T. Shibata, H. Miyatake, and H. Iimura, “Velocity and metastable state population distributions of neodymium atoms produced by laser ablation,” Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 81, 1127 (2005).

Wang, L. M.

B. Qi, R. M. Gilgenbach, M. C. Jones, M. D. Johnston, Y. Y. Lau, L. M. Wang, J. Lian, G. L. Doll, and A. Lazarides, “Diagnostic characterization of ablation plasma ion implantation,” Appl. Phys. (N.Y.) 93, 8876 (2003).

Yi, S. S.

S. S. Yi, I. W. Kim, H. L. Park, J. S. Bae, B. K. Moon, and J. H. Jeong, “Luminescence characteristics of pulsed laser-deposited ZnGa2O4 thin-film phosphors grown on various substrates,” J. Cryst. Growth 247, 213 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Analyt. Chem. (1)

R. E. Russo, X. Mao, and S. S. Mao, “The physics of laser ablation in microchemical analysis,” Analyt. Chem. 74, No. 3, 70A (2002).

Appl. Phys. (N.Y.) (1)

B. Qi, R. M. Gilgenbach, M. C. Jones, M. D. Johnston, Y. Y. Lau, L. M. Wang, J. Lian, G. L. Doll, and A. Lazarides, “Diagnostic characterization of ablation plasma ion implantation,” Appl. Phys. (N.Y.) 93, 8876 (2003).

Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. (1)

H. Wang, H. Ohba, M. Saeki, M. Miyabe, T. Shibata, H. Miyatake, and H. Iimura, “Velocity and metastable state population distributions of neodymium atoms produced by laser ablation,” Appl. Phys. B: Photophys. Laser Chem. 81, 1127 (2005).

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

S. S. Yi, I. W. Kim, H. L. Park, J. S. Bae, B. K. Moon, and J. H. Jeong, “Luminescence characteristics of pulsed laser-deposited ZnGa2O4 thin-film phosphors grown on various substrates,” J. Cryst. Growth 247, 213 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D (1)

G. J. Tallents, “The physics of soft x-ray lasers pumped by electron collisions in laser plasmas,” J. Phys. D 36, R259 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Spectrosc. (1)

A. K. Shuaibov, M. P. Chuchman, and I. É. Kacher, “Electron temperature and concentration in the laser erosion plasma of lead and gallium,” Opt. Spectrosc. 100, 397 (2006) A. K. Shuaibov, M. P. Chuchman, and I. É. Kacher, [Opt. Spectrosc. 100, 346 (2006)].

Opt. Zh. (1)

A. K. Shuaibov and M. P. Chuchman, “Study of the plasma of a flare that accompanies the laser irradiation of a target containing lead and gallium,” Opt. Zh. 72, No. 10, 19 (2005) A. K. Shuaibov and M. P. Chuchman, [J. Opt. Technol. 72, 749 (2005)].

Pis'ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. (1)

A. K. Shuaibov and M. P. Chuchman, “Parameters of laser plasma based on a polycrystalline sample of CuInS2, copper, and indium,” Pis'ma Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 29, No. 12, 1 (2003) A. K. Shuaibov and M. P. Chuchman, [Tech. Phys. Lett. 29, 485 (2003)].

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

E. F. Rexer, M. P. Joshi, R. L. DeLeon, P. N. Prasad, and J. F. Garvey, “A reactive laser ablation source for the production of thin films,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69, 3028 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Spectrochim. Acta, Part B (1)

R. C. Issac, S. S. Harilal, C. V. Bindhu, G. K. Varier, V. P. N. Nampoori, and C. P. G. Vallabhan, “Anomalous profile of a self-reversed resonance line from Ba+ in a laser-produced plasma from YBa2Cu3O7,” Spectrochim. Acta, Part B 52, 1791 (1997).

Surf. Sci. Rep. (1)

C. Binns, “Nanoclusters deposited on surfaces,” Surf. Sci. Rep. 44, 1 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

P. L. Smith, C. Heise, J. R. Esmond, and R. L. Kurucz, “Atomic spectral line database from CD-ROM 23 of R. L. Kurucz, Cambridge: Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory,”; 1995, http://cfa-www.harvard.edu/amp.

“Research of the optical characteristics and parameters of the laser plasma polycrystal CuInS2 and its components,” Ukr. Fiz. Zh. (Ukrainian Ed.) 48, No. 3, 223 (2003).

L. T. Sukhov, Laser Spectral Analysis (Nauka, Novosibirsk, 1990).

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