Abstract

This paper presents the results of measurements of the spectral characteristics of samples of porous and two-phase glasses in transmitted and reflected light. The spectral ranges in which Rayleigh scattering predominates are determined for samples of porous glasses. Estimates of the absorption coefficient and refractive index are obtained for weakly absorbing and scattering samples. The porosity and the size of the porous structures are estimated in the effective-medium model. Estimates obtained from the Gurevich-Kubelka-Munk formula are used for scattering porous glasses.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. O. V. Mazurin, G. P. Roskova, V. I. Aver'yanov, and T. V. Antropova, Two-Phase Glasses: Structure, Properties, and Utilization (Nauka, Leningrad, 1991).
  2. I. K. Meshkovskiĭ, Composite Optical Materials Based on Porous Matrices (Izd. SPbGITMO (TU), St. Petersburg, 1998).
  3. V. E. Kurochkin, D. O. Murav'ev, A. A. Evstrapov, and V. P. Kotov, “Luminescence sensors of oxygen: trends and development prospects,” Mikrosis. Tekhnika No. 4, 27 (2000).
  4. M. A. Aleksashkina, B. I. Venzel, and L. G. Svatovskaya, “Application of porous glasses as matrices for nanocomposites,” Glass Phys. Chem. 31, 269 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. F. Novikov and V. I. Zemskii, “Glassy spectral gas sensors based on the immobilized indicators,” Proc. SPIE 2550, 119 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. Enke, F. Janowski, and W. Schwieger, “Porous glasses in the 21st century--short review,” Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 60, No. 1, 19 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. C. Mojumdar, J. Kozánková, J. Chocholousek, J. Majling, and V. Nemecek, “The microstructure and optical transmittance thermal analysis of sodium borosilicate bio-glasses,” J. Theor. Biol. 78, No. 1, 145 (2004).
  8. T. V. Antropova and I. A. Drozdova, “The effect of the production conditions of porous glasses on their structure,” Fiz. Khim. Stek. 21, 199 (1995).
  9. S. L. Zakharov, “Production and properties of porous borosilicate glasses,” Materialoved. No. 1, 53 (2004).
  10. G. B. Al'tshuler, V. A. Bakhanov, E. G. Dul'neva, and I. K. Meshkovskiĭ, “Studying the optical characteristics of active elements made from quartz microporous glass,” Opt. Spektrosk. 55, 369 (1983) G. B. Al'tshuler, V. A. Bakhanov, E. G. Dul'neva, and I. K. Meshkovskiĭ, [Opt. Spectrosc. 55, 216 (1983)].
  11. J. Khandurina, S. C. Jacobson, L. C. Waters, R. S. Foote, and M. J. Ramsey, “Microfabricated porous membrane structure for sample concentration and electrophoretic analysis,” Analyt. Chem. No. 77, 1815 (1999).
  12. S. Yao and J. G. Santiago, “Porous glass electroosmotic pumps: theory,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. No. 268, 133 (2003).
  13. E. L. Kosarev and K. O. Muranov, “Chromatography of superhigh resolution,” Prib. Tekh. Éksp. No. 5, 74 (2001).
  14. A. Dotsenco, A. Efremov, and S. Kuchinsky, “Modelling the optical properties of heterogeneous glasses,” in Proceedings of the International Congress of Glass, Invited Papers, Edinburgh, Scotland, 1-6 July, 2001, vol. 1, pp. 198-214.
  15. T. V. Antropova, I. A. Drozdova, S. G. Yastrebov, and A. A. Evstrapov, “Porous glass: inhomogeneities and light transmission,” Opt. Appl. 30, No. 4, 553 (2000).
  16. A. A. Evstrapov, T. V. Antropova, I. A. Drozdova, and S. G. Yasrtebov, “Optical properties and structure of porous glasses,” Opt. Appl. 33, No. 1, 45 (2003).
  17. A. A. Evstrapov, N. A. Esikova, and T. V. Antropova, “Spectral characteristics and structure of porous glasses,” Opt. Appl. 35, No. 4, 32 (2005).
  18. E. A. Poraĭ-Koshits, D. I. Levin, and N. S. Andreev, “On the structure of sodium borosilicate glasses in connection with the phenomenon of opalescence. Collection 4. The dependence of the structure of sodium borosilicate glasses on the duration of their heating at constant temperature,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR OKhN. No. 3, 287 (1956).
  19. G. P. Roskova, É. V. Morozova, and V. A. Bakhanov, “Transmittance of porous plates produced from two-phase sodium borosilicate glasses with various structures,” Fiz. Khim. Stek. 17, 623 (1991).
  20. G. P. Roskova, T. S. Tsekhomskaya, and B. I. Venzel', “Transmittance of porous glasses of various structures,” Fiz. Khim. Stek. 14, 911 (1988).
  21. I. S. Smirnova, T. V. Antropova, M. P. Sidorova, L. É. Ermakova, and G. P. Roskova, “The influence of the production conditions of microporous glasses on their transmittance and the value of the structural resistivity coefficients,” Fiz. Khim. Stek. 22, 551 (1996).
  22. V. A. Kreĭsberg, V. P. Rakcheev, and T. V. Antropova, “The effect of the oxygen concentration on the morphology of micro- and mesopores of porous glasses,” Fiz. Khim. Stek. 32, 845 (2006).
  23. S. A. Kuchinskiĭ, V. I. Sukhanov, M. V. Khazova, and A. V. Dotsenko, “Effective optical constants of porous glass,” Opt. Spektrosk. 70, 150 (1991) S. A. Kuchinskiĭ, V. I. Sukhanov, M. V. Khazova, and A. V. Dotsenko, [Opt. Spectrosc. 70, 85 (1991)].
  24. S. A. Kuchinskiĭ, V. I. Sukhanov, and M. V. Khazova, “Principles of the formation of holograms in capillary composites,” Opt. Spektrosk. 72, 716 (1992) S. A. Kuchinskiĭ, V. I. Sukhanov, and M. V. Khazova, [Opt. Spectrosc. 72, 383 (1992)].
  25. A. A. Shishlovskiĭ, Applied Physical Optics (Fizmatgiz, Moscow, 1961).
  26. A. P. Ivanov, Optics of Scattering Media (Nauka i Tekhnika, Minsk, 1969).
  27. A. P. VinogradovElectrodynamics of Composite Materials (Éditorial URSS, Moscow, 2001).
  28. V. S. Ovechko, A. M. Dmytruk, O. V. Fursenko, and T. P. Lepeshkina, “Ellipsometry and spectroscopy of porous glasses surfaces,” Vacuum No. 61, 123 (2001).
  29. V. G. Vereshchagin, R. A. Dynich, and A. N. Ponyavina, “Effective optical parameters of porous dielectric structures,” Opt. Spektrosk. 84, 486 (1998) V. G. Vereshchagin, R. A. Dynich, and A. N. Ponyavina, [Opt. Spectrosc. 84, 427 (1998)].

2006

V. A. Kreĭsberg, V. P. Rakcheev, and T. V. Antropova, “The effect of the oxygen concentration on the morphology of micro- and mesopores of porous glasses,” Fiz. Khim. Stek. 32, 845 (2006).

2005

M. A. Aleksashkina, B. I. Venzel, and L. G. Svatovskaya, “Application of porous glasses as matrices for nanocomposites,” Glass Phys. Chem. 31, 269 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Evstrapov, N. A. Esikova, and T. V. Antropova, “Spectral characteristics and structure of porous glasses,” Opt. Appl. 35, No. 4, 32 (2005).

2004

S. C. Mojumdar, J. Kozánková, J. Chocholousek, J. Majling, and V. Nemecek, “The microstructure and optical transmittance thermal analysis of sodium borosilicate bio-glasses,” J. Theor. Biol. 78, No. 1, 145 (2004).

2003

D. Enke, F. Janowski, and W. Schwieger, “Porous glasses in the 21st century--short review,” Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 60, No. 1, 19 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Evstrapov, T. V. Antropova, I. A. Drozdova, and S. G. Yasrtebov, “Optical properties and structure of porous glasses,” Opt. Appl. 33, No. 1, 45 (2003).

2000

T. V. Antropova, I. A. Drozdova, S. G. Yastrebov, and A. A. Evstrapov, “Porous glass: inhomogeneities and light transmission,” Opt. Appl. 30, No. 4, 553 (2000).

1998

V. G. Vereshchagin, R. A. Dynich, and A. N. Ponyavina, “Effective optical parameters of porous dielectric structures,” Opt. Spektrosk. 84, 486 (1998) V. G. Vereshchagin, R. A. Dynich, and A. N. Ponyavina, [Opt. Spectrosc. 84, 427 (1998)].

1996

I. S. Smirnova, T. V. Antropova, M. P. Sidorova, L. É. Ermakova, and G. P. Roskova, “The influence of the production conditions of microporous glasses on their transmittance and the value of the structural resistivity coefficients,” Fiz. Khim. Stek. 22, 551 (1996).

1995

T. V. Antropova and I. A. Drozdova, “The effect of the production conditions of porous glasses on their structure,” Fiz. Khim. Stek. 21, 199 (1995).

A. F. Novikov and V. I. Zemskii, “Glassy spectral gas sensors based on the immobilized indicators,” Proc. SPIE 2550, 119 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992

S. A. Kuchinskiĭ, V. I. Sukhanov, and M. V. Khazova, “Principles of the formation of holograms in capillary composites,” Opt. Spektrosk. 72, 716 (1992) S. A. Kuchinskiĭ, V. I. Sukhanov, and M. V. Khazova, [Opt. Spectrosc. 72, 383 (1992)].

1991

S. A. Kuchinskiĭ, V. I. Sukhanov, M. V. Khazova, and A. V. Dotsenko, “Effective optical constants of porous glass,” Opt. Spektrosk. 70, 150 (1991) S. A. Kuchinskiĭ, V. I. Sukhanov, M. V. Khazova, and A. V. Dotsenko, [Opt. Spectrosc. 70, 85 (1991)].

G. P. Roskova, É. V. Morozova, and V. A. Bakhanov, “Transmittance of porous plates produced from two-phase sodium borosilicate glasses with various structures,” Fiz. Khim. Stek. 17, 623 (1991).

1988

G. P. Roskova, T. S. Tsekhomskaya, and B. I. Venzel', “Transmittance of porous glasses of various structures,” Fiz. Khim. Stek. 14, 911 (1988).

1983

G. B. Al'tshuler, V. A. Bakhanov, E. G. Dul'neva, and I. K. Meshkovskiĭ, “Studying the optical characteristics of active elements made from quartz microporous glass,” Opt. Spektrosk. 55, 369 (1983) G. B. Al'tshuler, V. A. Bakhanov, E. G. Dul'neva, and I. K. Meshkovskiĭ, [Opt. Spectrosc. 55, 216 (1983)].

Fiz. Khim. Stek.

T. V. Antropova and I. A. Drozdova, “The effect of the production conditions of porous glasses on their structure,” Fiz. Khim. Stek. 21, 199 (1995).

G. P. Roskova, É. V. Morozova, and V. A. Bakhanov, “Transmittance of porous plates produced from two-phase sodium borosilicate glasses with various structures,” Fiz. Khim. Stek. 17, 623 (1991).

G. P. Roskova, T. S. Tsekhomskaya, and B. I. Venzel', “Transmittance of porous glasses of various structures,” Fiz. Khim. Stek. 14, 911 (1988).

I. S. Smirnova, T. V. Antropova, M. P. Sidorova, L. É. Ermakova, and G. P. Roskova, “The influence of the production conditions of microporous glasses on their transmittance and the value of the structural resistivity coefficients,” Fiz. Khim. Stek. 22, 551 (1996).

V. A. Kreĭsberg, V. P. Rakcheev, and T. V. Antropova, “The effect of the oxygen concentration on the morphology of micro- and mesopores of porous glasses,” Fiz. Khim. Stek. 32, 845 (2006).

Glass Phys. Chem.

M. A. Aleksashkina, B. I. Venzel, and L. G. Svatovskaya, “Application of porous glasses as matrices for nanocomposites,” Glass Phys. Chem. 31, 269 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Theor. Biol.

S. C. Mojumdar, J. Kozánková, J. Chocholousek, J. Majling, and V. Nemecek, “The microstructure and optical transmittance thermal analysis of sodium borosilicate bio-glasses,” J. Theor. Biol. 78, No. 1, 145 (2004).

Microporous Mesoporous Mater.

D. Enke, F. Janowski, and W. Schwieger, “Porous glasses in the 21st century--short review,” Microporous Mesoporous Mater. 60, No. 1, 19 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Appl.

T. V. Antropova, I. A. Drozdova, S. G. Yastrebov, and A. A. Evstrapov, “Porous glass: inhomogeneities and light transmission,” Opt. Appl. 30, No. 4, 553 (2000).

A. A. Evstrapov, T. V. Antropova, I. A. Drozdova, and S. G. Yasrtebov, “Optical properties and structure of porous glasses,” Opt. Appl. 33, No. 1, 45 (2003).

A. A. Evstrapov, N. A. Esikova, and T. V. Antropova, “Spectral characteristics and structure of porous glasses,” Opt. Appl. 35, No. 4, 32 (2005).

Opt. Spektrosk.

G. B. Al'tshuler, V. A. Bakhanov, E. G. Dul'neva, and I. K. Meshkovskiĭ, “Studying the optical characteristics of active elements made from quartz microporous glass,” Opt. Spektrosk. 55, 369 (1983) G. B. Al'tshuler, V. A. Bakhanov, E. G. Dul'neva, and I. K. Meshkovskiĭ, [Opt. Spectrosc. 55, 216 (1983)].

S. A. Kuchinskiĭ, V. I. Sukhanov, M. V. Khazova, and A. V. Dotsenko, “Effective optical constants of porous glass,” Opt. Spektrosk. 70, 150 (1991) S. A. Kuchinskiĭ, V. I. Sukhanov, M. V. Khazova, and A. V. Dotsenko, [Opt. Spectrosc. 70, 85 (1991)].

S. A. Kuchinskiĭ, V. I. Sukhanov, and M. V. Khazova, “Principles of the formation of holograms in capillary composites,” Opt. Spektrosk. 72, 716 (1992) S. A. Kuchinskiĭ, V. I. Sukhanov, and M. V. Khazova, [Opt. Spectrosc. 72, 383 (1992)].

V. G. Vereshchagin, R. A. Dynich, and A. N. Ponyavina, “Effective optical parameters of porous dielectric structures,” Opt. Spektrosk. 84, 486 (1998) V. G. Vereshchagin, R. A. Dynich, and A. N. Ponyavina, [Opt. Spectrosc. 84, 427 (1998)].

Proc. SPIE

A. F. Novikov and V. I. Zemskii, “Glassy spectral gas sensors based on the immobilized indicators,” Proc. SPIE 2550, 119 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Other

O. V. Mazurin, G. P. Roskova, V. I. Aver'yanov, and T. V. Antropova, Two-Phase Glasses: Structure, Properties, and Utilization (Nauka, Leningrad, 1991).

I. K. Meshkovskiĭ, Composite Optical Materials Based on Porous Matrices (Izd. SPbGITMO (TU), St. Petersburg, 1998).

V. E. Kurochkin, D. O. Murav'ev, A. A. Evstrapov, and V. P. Kotov, “Luminescence sensors of oxygen: trends and development prospects,” Mikrosis. Tekhnika No. 4, 27 (2000).

S. L. Zakharov, “Production and properties of porous borosilicate glasses,” Materialoved. No. 1, 53 (2004).

J. Khandurina, S. C. Jacobson, L. C. Waters, R. S. Foote, and M. J. Ramsey, “Microfabricated porous membrane structure for sample concentration and electrophoretic analysis,” Analyt. Chem. No. 77, 1815 (1999).

S. Yao and J. G. Santiago, “Porous glass electroosmotic pumps: theory,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. No. 268, 133 (2003).

E. L. Kosarev and K. O. Muranov, “Chromatography of superhigh resolution,” Prib. Tekh. Éksp. No. 5, 74 (2001).

A. Dotsenco, A. Efremov, and S. Kuchinsky, “Modelling the optical properties of heterogeneous glasses,” in Proceedings of the International Congress of Glass, Invited Papers, Edinburgh, Scotland, 1-6 July, 2001, vol. 1, pp. 198-214.

E. A. Poraĭ-Koshits, D. I. Levin, and N. S. Andreev, “On the structure of sodium borosilicate glasses in connection with the phenomenon of opalescence. Collection 4. The dependence of the structure of sodium borosilicate glasses on the duration of their heating at constant temperature,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR OKhN. No. 3, 287 (1956).

A. A. Shishlovskiĭ, Applied Physical Optics (Fizmatgiz, Moscow, 1961).

A. P. Ivanov, Optics of Scattering Media (Nauka i Tekhnika, Minsk, 1969).

A. P. VinogradovElectrodynamics of Composite Materials (Éditorial URSS, Moscow, 2001).

V. S. Ovechko, A. M. Dmytruk, O. V. Fursenko, and T. P. Lepeshkina, “Ellipsometry and spectroscopy of porous glasses surfaces,” Vacuum No. 61, 123 (2001).

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