Abstract

This paper is devoted to the history of the development of a number of devices for investigating the x-radiation of the sun, fabricated at S. I. Vavilov State Optical Institute and making it possible to set about creating modern spacecraft for monitoring ionizing solar radiation (with wavelengths shorter than 150nm). Results are presented for radiation fluxes of both the quiet sun and of the sun in the period of powerful solar flares, measured from artificial earth satellites (1957-1971). The subsequent evolution of this work with the purpose of creating special apparatus--a permanent Space Solar Patrol--is considered.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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  33. S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev, “Developing apparatus for permanent space patrol of the ionizing radiation of the sun,” Opt. Zh. 68, No. 6, 54 (2001) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev [J. Opt. Technol. 68, 421 (2001)].
  34. S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, N. B. Leonov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, and É. A. Yakovlev, “Development of an x-ray spectrometer for a Space Solar Patrol,” Opt. Zh. 69, No. 11, 36 (2002) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, N. B. Leonov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, and É. A. Yakovlev [J. Opt. Technol. 69, 818 (2002)].
  35. S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, V. G. Bogdanov, V. S. Bortkevich, A. S. Bystrov, and N. A. Voronin, “New approaches to the formation of the recording channel in the devices of the Space Solar Patrol,” Nauchn. Prib. 13, No. 2, 34 (2003).
  36. S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanasnev, N. B. Leonov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, and N. A. Voronin, “Creating of the permanent Space Patrol of ionizing solar radiation,” Proc. SPIE 4853, 600 (2002).
    [Crossref]
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  40. S. V. Avakyan, “Space Solar Patrol absolute measurements of ionizing solar radiation,” in Thirty-fifth Scientific Assembly of COSPAR, Paris, France, 18-25 July 2004. Adv. Space Res. 37, Issue 2, 297 (2006).
    [Crossref]
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2008 (1)

S. V. Avakyan, “Physics of sun-earth communications: results, problems, and new approaches,” Geomag. Aéron. 48, No. 4, 1 (2008).

2006 (4)

Yu. N. Gnedin, A. A. Solov'ev, and S. V. Avakyan, “Space Solar Patrol and some fundamental questions of astrophysics, solar physics, and geophysics,” Opt. Zh. 73, No. 4., 5 (2006) Yu. N. Gnedin, A. A. Solov'ev, and S. V. Avakyan [J. Opt. Technol. 73, 218 (2006)].

S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, I. A. Zotkin, and D. A. Chernikov, “Space Solar Patrol and problems of space weather,” Opt. Zh. 73, No. 4, 10 (2006) S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, I. A. Zotkin, and D. A. Chernikov [J. Opt. Technol. 73, 222 (2006)].

S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, I. A. Zotkin, D. A. Chernikov, V. F. Pindryuin, A. D. Nikolenko, V. V. Lyakh, A. A. Legkodymov, I. V. Poletaev, and M. A. Kholopov, “Results of preparation for calibration testing of the Space Solar Patrol apparatus on a synchrotron source,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Ser. Prib. 49, No. 8, 17 (2006).

S. V. Avakyan, “Space Solar Patrol absolute measurements of ionizing solar radiation,” in Thirty-fifth Scientific Assembly of COSPAR, Paris, France, 18-25 July 2004. Adv. Space Res. 37, Issue 2, 297 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

S. V. Avakyan, “Microwave radiation of the ionosphere as a factor in the way solar flares and geomagnetic storms act on biosystems,” Opt. Zh. 72, No. 8, 41 (2005) S. V. Avakyan [J. Opt. Technol. 72, 608 (2005)].

2004 (1)

V. N. Kupriyanov, “The first device for measuring the radiation of the sun from on board a satellite,” Novosti Kosmonavtiki 14, No. 10 (261), 70 (2004).

2003 (1)

S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, V. G. Bogdanov, V. S. Bortkevich, A. S. Bystrov, and N. A. Voronin, “New approaches to the formation of the recording channel in the devices of the Space Solar Patrol,” Nauchn. Prib. 13, No. 2, 34 (2003).

2002 (2)

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanasnev, N. B. Leonov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, and N. A. Voronin, “Creating of the permanent Space Patrol of ionizing solar radiation,” Proc. SPIE 4853, 600 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, N. B. Leonov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, and É. A. Yakovlev, “Development of an x-ray spectrometer for a Space Solar Patrol,” Opt. Zh. 69, No. 11, 36 (2002) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, N. B. Leonov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, and É. A. Yakovlev [J. Opt. Technol. 69, 818 (2002)].

2001 (2)

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev, “Developing apparatus for permanent space patrol of the ionizing radiation of the sun,” Opt. Zh. 68, No. 6, 54 (2001) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev [J. Opt. Technol. 68, 421 (2001)].

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, É. V. Kuvaldin, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, and A. E. Serova, “Laboratory studies of apparatus for monitoring ionizing solar radiation from space,” Opt. Zh. 68, No. 2, 5 (2001) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, É. V. Kuvaldin, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, and A. E. Serova [J. Opt. Technol. 68, 81 (2001)].

1998 (1)

S. V. Avakyan, N. A. Voronin, A. I. Efremov, A. P. Ivanov, M. L. Ivanova, É. V. Kuvaldin, and A. V. Savushkin, “Methodology and equipment for space-based monitoring of ionizing solar radiation,” Opt. Zh. 65, No. 12, 124 (1998) S. V. Avakyan, N. A. Voronin, A. I. Efremov, A. P. Ivanov, M. L. Ivanova, É. V. Kuvaldin, and A. V. Savushkin [J. Opt. Technol. 65, 1054 (1998)].

1997 (1)

V. N. Kupriyanov, “On the history of the creation of the first device for measuring the solar radiation in vacuum of the x-ray and UV spectral regions from on board a satellite,” Nauka i Tekhnika: Voprosy Istorii i Teorii 13, 135 (1997).

1996 (1)

H. A. Garcia, “Energetic electron pitch angle distribution parameters at 6.6 Re, as deduced from GOES x-ray observations,” Planet. Space Sci. 44, 473 (1996).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

Ya. Lashtovichka, “Spillage of hard electrons (E=20-150keV) at middle latitudes,” Geomag. Aéron. 20, 880 (1980).

1974 (3)

A. I. Efremov, S. V. Avakyan, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. P. Bolgartseva, G. V. Sazonov, V. S. Petrov, and L. N. Gershun, “Study of the electron fluxes on the Kosmos-381 satellite and their influence on the state of the ionosphere,” Issled. Geomag. Aéron. Fiz. Solntsa 30, 226 (1974).

S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, A. I. Efremov, I. A. Krinberg, A. P. Kulakov, V. S. Petrov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, G. V. Sazonov, and Yu. N. Shaulin, “Electron fluxes during the magnetic storm of December 14-15, 1970, according to the data of the Kosmos-381 satellite,” Issled. Geomag. Aéron. 32, 158 (1974).

A. I. Efremov, S. V. Avakyan, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. P. Bolgartseva, L. N. Gershun, M. A. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, and G. V. Sazonov, “Absolute radiation fluxes of the quiet sun in the 121.6-0.45-nm range,” Issled. Geomag. Aéron. 32, 162 (1974).

1973 (1)

S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, L. N. Gershun, A. I. Efremov, R. V. Kushnerevskiĭ, I. N. Odintsova, L. N. Leshchenko, V. S. Petrov, and G. V. Sazonov, “Ionizing radiation of the sun from the data of the Kosmos-381 satellite and its influence on the ionosphere,” Geomag. Aéronomiya 13, 922 (1973).

1961 (3)

A. I. Efremov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. A. Ivanov, V. N. Nikiforov, and O. N. Efimov, “Filter apparatus for studying the short-wavelength radiation of the sun,” Iskusst. Sputniki Zemli 10, 48 (1961).

A. I. Efremov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. A. Ivanov, O. N. Efimov, and A. A. Lebedev, “Study of the short-wavelength radiation of the sun,” Iskusst. Sputniki Zemli 10, 3 (1961).

Yu. A. Shuba, A. M. Tyutikov, and A. M. Sorokin, “Photocathodes for studying the short-wavelength radiation of the sun,” Iskusst. Sputniki Zemli 10, 55 (1961).

1960 (2)

A. P. Lukirskiĭ, M. A. Rumsh, and L. A. Smirnov, “Measuring the photoelectric output for ultrasoft x-radiation,” Opt. Spectrosc. 9, 505 (1960).

A. P. Lukirskiĭ, M. A. Rumsh, and I. A. Karpovich, “Measuring the photoelectric output of the external photoelectric effect under the action of x-radiation in the wavelength region from 1.54to13.3Å,” Opt. Spectrosc. 9, 653 (1960).

1958 (1)

A. M. Tyutikov and A. I. Efremov, “Secondary-electron multipliers for recording long-wavelength x-radiation,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 118, 286 (1958).

1957 (1)

S. L. Mandel'shtam and A. I. Efremov, “Studies of the short-wavelength UV radiation of the sun,” Usp. Fiz. Nauk 63, 163 (1957).

Afanas'ev, I. M.

S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, I. A. Zotkin, D. A. Chernikov, V. F. Pindryuin, A. D. Nikolenko, V. V. Lyakh, A. A. Legkodymov, I. V. Poletaev, and M. A. Kholopov, “Results of preparation for calibration testing of the Space Solar Patrol apparatus on a synchrotron source,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Ser. Prib. 49, No. 8, 17 (2006).

S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, I. A. Zotkin, and D. A. Chernikov, “Space Solar Patrol and problems of space weather,” Opt. Zh. 73, No. 4, 10 (2006) S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, I. A. Zotkin, and D. A. Chernikov [J. Opt. Technol. 73, 222 (2006)].

S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, V. G. Bogdanov, V. S. Bortkevich, A. S. Bystrov, and N. A. Voronin, “New approaches to the formation of the recording channel in the devices of the Space Solar Patrol,” Nauchn. Prib. 13, No. 2, 34 (2003).

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, N. B. Leonov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, and É. A. Yakovlev, “Development of an x-ray spectrometer for a Space Solar Patrol,” Opt. Zh. 69, No. 11, 36 (2002) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, N. B. Leonov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, and É. A. Yakovlev [J. Opt. Technol. 69, 818 (2002)].

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, É. V. Kuvaldin, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, and A. E. Serova, “Laboratory studies of apparatus for monitoring ionizing solar radiation from space,” Opt. Zh. 68, No. 2, 5 (2001) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, É. V. Kuvaldin, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, and A. E. Serova [J. Opt. Technol. 68, 81 (2001)].

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev, “Developing apparatus for permanent space patrol of the ionizing radiation of the sun,” Opt. Zh. 68, No. 6, 54 (2001) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev [J. Opt. Technol. 68, 421 (2001)].

Afanasnev, I. M.

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanasnev, N. B. Leonov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, and N. A. Voronin, “Creating of the permanent Space Patrol of ionizing solar radiation,” Proc. SPIE 4853, 600 (2002).
[Crossref]

Al'pert, Ya.

Ya. Al'pert, M. Fedorov, Yu. Kushnerevskiĭ, R. Rabinovich, V. Matazov, and A. Barinov, “In orbit--the ionosond. Science extends the horizons (on the launch of the Kosmos-381 satellite),” in The Conquest of Space by the USSR. Official Reports of TASS and Materials of the Central Press, 1971 (Nauka, Moscow, 1973), pp. 126-128.

Andreev, E. P.

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanasnev, N. B. Leonov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, and N. A. Voronin, “Creating of the permanent Space Patrol of ionizing solar radiation,” Proc. SPIE 4853, 600 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, N. B. Leonov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, and É. A. Yakovlev, “Development of an x-ray spectrometer for a Space Solar Patrol,” Opt. Zh. 69, No. 11, 36 (2002) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, N. B. Leonov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, and É. A. Yakovlev [J. Opt. Technol. 69, 818 (2002)].

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, É. V. Kuvaldin, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, and A. E. Serova, “Laboratory studies of apparatus for monitoring ionizing solar radiation from space,” Opt. Zh. 68, No. 2, 5 (2001) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, É. V. Kuvaldin, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, and A. E. Serova [J. Opt. Technol. 68, 81 (2001)].

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev, “Developing apparatus for permanent space patrol of the ionizing radiation of the sun,” Opt. Zh. 68, No. 6, 54 (2001) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev [J. Opt. Technol. 68, 421 (2001)].

Avakyan, S.

S. Avakyan, M. Van Esbeek, A. Milintchouk, E. Kuvaldin, N. Leonov, M. Lebedinskaya, A. Polsak, A. Serova, and N. Voronin, “Ground test of x-ray monitor device for flights on boards of satellites,” in Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on Materials in Space Environment, Fifth International Conference on Protection of Materials and Structures from the LEO Space Environment, France, Arcachon, June 2000, pp. 17-23.

Avakyan, S. V.

S. V. Avakyan, “Physics of sun-earth communications: results, problems, and new approaches,” Geomag. Aéron. 48, No. 4, 1 (2008).

S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, I. A. Zotkin, D. A. Chernikov, V. F. Pindryuin, A. D. Nikolenko, V. V. Lyakh, A. A. Legkodymov, I. V. Poletaev, and M. A. Kholopov, “Results of preparation for calibration testing of the Space Solar Patrol apparatus on a synchrotron source,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Ser. Prib. 49, No. 8, 17 (2006).

S. V. Avakyan, “Space Solar Patrol absolute measurements of ionizing solar radiation,” in Thirty-fifth Scientific Assembly of COSPAR, Paris, France, 18-25 July 2004. Adv. Space Res. 37, Issue 2, 297 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yu. N. Gnedin, A. A. Solov'ev, and S. V. Avakyan, “Space Solar Patrol and some fundamental questions of astrophysics, solar physics, and geophysics,” Opt. Zh. 73, No. 4., 5 (2006) Yu. N. Gnedin, A. A. Solov'ev, and S. V. Avakyan [J. Opt. Technol. 73, 218 (2006)].

S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, I. A. Zotkin, and D. A. Chernikov, “Space Solar Patrol and problems of space weather,” Opt. Zh. 73, No. 4, 10 (2006) S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, I. A. Zotkin, and D. A. Chernikov [J. Opt. Technol. 73, 222 (2006)].

S. V. Avakyan, “Microwave radiation of the ionosphere as a factor in the way solar flares and geomagnetic storms act on biosystems,” Opt. Zh. 72, No. 8, 41 (2005) S. V. Avakyan [J. Opt. Technol. 72, 608 (2005)].

S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, V. G. Bogdanov, V. S. Bortkevich, A. S. Bystrov, and N. A. Voronin, “New approaches to the formation of the recording channel in the devices of the Space Solar Patrol,” Nauchn. Prib. 13, No. 2, 34 (2003).

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanasnev, N. B. Leonov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, and N. A. Voronin, “Creating of the permanent Space Patrol of ionizing solar radiation,” Proc. SPIE 4853, 600 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, N. B. Leonov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, and É. A. Yakovlev, “Development of an x-ray spectrometer for a Space Solar Patrol,” Opt. Zh. 69, No. 11, 36 (2002) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, N. B. Leonov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, and É. A. Yakovlev [J. Opt. Technol. 69, 818 (2002)].

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev, “Developing apparatus for permanent space patrol of the ionizing radiation of the sun,” Opt. Zh. 68, No. 6, 54 (2001) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev [J. Opt. Technol. 68, 421 (2001)].

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, É. V. Kuvaldin, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, and A. E. Serova, “Laboratory studies of apparatus for monitoring ionizing solar radiation from space,” Opt. Zh. 68, No. 2, 5 (2001) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, É. V. Kuvaldin, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, and A. E. Serova [J. Opt. Technol. 68, 81 (2001)].

S. V. Avakyan, N. A. Voronin, A. I. Efremov, A. P. Ivanov, M. L. Ivanova, É. V. Kuvaldin, and A. V. Savushkin, “Methodology and equipment for space-based monitoring of ionizing solar radiation,” Opt. Zh. 65, No. 12, 124 (1998) S. V. Avakyan, N. A. Voronin, A. I. Efremov, A. P. Ivanov, M. L. Ivanova, É. V. Kuvaldin, and A. V. Savushkin [J. Opt. Technol. 65, 1054 (1998)].

A. I. Efremov, S. V. Avakyan, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. P. Bolgartseva, G. V. Sazonov, V. S. Petrov, and L. N. Gershun, “Study of the electron fluxes on the Kosmos-381 satellite and their influence on the state of the ionosphere,” Issled. Geomag. Aéron. Fiz. Solntsa 30, 226 (1974).

S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, A. I. Efremov, I. A. Krinberg, A. P. Kulakov, V. S. Petrov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, G. V. Sazonov, and Yu. N. Shaulin, “Electron fluxes during the magnetic storm of December 14-15, 1970, according to the data of the Kosmos-381 satellite,” Issled. Geomag. Aéron. 32, 158 (1974).

A. I. Efremov, S. V. Avakyan, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. P. Bolgartseva, L. N. Gershun, M. A. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, and G. V. Sazonov, “Absolute radiation fluxes of the quiet sun in the 121.6-0.45-nm range,” Issled. Geomag. Aéron. 32, 162 (1974).

S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, L. N. Gershun, A. I. Efremov, R. V. Kushnerevskiĭ, I. N. Odintsova, L. N. Leshchenko, V. S. Petrov, and G. V. Sazonov, “Ionizing radiation of the sun from the data of the Kosmos-381 satellite and its influence on the ionosphere,” Geomag. Aéronomiya 13, 922 (1973).

S. V. Avakyan, A. I. Efremov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, G. V. Sazonov, M. A. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, L. N. Gershun, and M. P. Bolgartseva, “Ionizing fluxes in the earth's upper atmosphere,” in Collection of Articles of the Eightieth Anniversary of the Birth of A. A. Lebedev (Mashinostroenie, Leningrad, 1973), pp. 136-149.

S. V. Avakyan, A. I. Vdovin, and V. F. Pustarnakov, Ionizing and Penetrating Radiation in Near-Earth Space (Gidrometeoizdat, St. Petersburg, 1994).

S. V. Avakyan, A. I. Efremov, I. A. Krinberg, A. P. Kulakov, and A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, “Analytical form of the energy distribution of electron fluxes in the outer ionosphere,” Preprint IZMIR AN SSSR No. 22 (Nauka, Moscow, 1973).

S. V. Avakyan, Development of a Set of Processing Techniques, Its Application to Telemetric Data of Satellite Filtering Apparatus on Fluxes of Ionizing Radiation of the Sun and Electrons and Some Mechanisms of Ionizing the Upper Atmosphere (Gos. Opt. Inst., Leningrad, 1974).

A. I. Efremov, S. V. Avakyan, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. P. Bolgartseva, L. N. Gershun, M. A. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, and G. V. Sazonov, “Radiation fluxes of the quiet sun in the range 121.6-0.45nm,” Preprint IZMIR AN SSSR No. 23 (Nauka, Moscow, 1973).

A. I. Lazarev, V. V. Kovalenok, A. S. Ivanchenkov, and S. V. Avakyan, The Earth's Atmosphere from Salyut-6 (Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1981).

S. V. Avakyan, “Apparatus for continuous monitoring of soft x-rays and the far UV radiation of the sun,” Astronomical Calendar for 2007, ed. I.I.Kanaeva (GAO RAN, St. Petersburg), pp. 165-167.

Barinov, A.

Ya. Al'pert, M. Fedorov, Yu. Kushnerevskiĭ, R. Rabinovich, V. Matazov, and A. Barinov, “In orbit--the ionosond. Science extends the horizons (on the launch of the Kosmos-381 satellite),” in The Conquest of Space by the USSR. Official Reports of TASS and Materials of the Central Press, 1971 (Nauka, Moscow, 1973), pp. 126-128.

Bogdanov, V. G.

S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, V. G. Bogdanov, V. S. Bortkevich, A. S. Bystrov, and N. A. Voronin, “New approaches to the formation of the recording channel in the devices of the Space Solar Patrol,” Nauchn. Prib. 13, No. 2, 34 (2003).

Bolgartseva, M. P.

A. I. Efremov, S. V. Avakyan, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. P. Bolgartseva, G. V. Sazonov, V. S. Petrov, and L. N. Gershun, “Study of the electron fluxes on the Kosmos-381 satellite and their influence on the state of the ionosphere,” Issled. Geomag. Aéron. Fiz. Solntsa 30, 226 (1974).

S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, A. I. Efremov, I. A. Krinberg, A. P. Kulakov, V. S. Petrov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, G. V. Sazonov, and Yu. N. Shaulin, “Electron fluxes during the magnetic storm of December 14-15, 1970, according to the data of the Kosmos-381 satellite,” Issled. Geomag. Aéron. 32, 158 (1974).

A. I. Efremov, S. V. Avakyan, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. P. Bolgartseva, L. N. Gershun, M. A. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, and G. V. Sazonov, “Absolute radiation fluxes of the quiet sun in the 121.6-0.45-nm range,” Issled. Geomag. Aéron. 32, 162 (1974).

S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, L. N. Gershun, A. I. Efremov, R. V. Kushnerevskiĭ, I. N. Odintsova, L. N. Leshchenko, V. S. Petrov, and G. V. Sazonov, “Ionizing radiation of the sun from the data of the Kosmos-381 satellite and its influence on the ionosphere,” Geomag. Aéronomiya 13, 922 (1973).

S. V. Avakyan, A. I. Efremov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, G. V. Sazonov, M. A. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, L. N. Gershun, and M. P. Bolgartseva, “Ionizing fluxes in the earth's upper atmosphere,” in Collection of Articles of the Eightieth Anniversary of the Birth of A. A. Lebedev (Mashinostroenie, Leningrad, 1973), pp. 136-149.

A. I. Efremov, S. V. Avakyan, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. P. Bolgartseva, L. N. Gershun, M. A. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, and G. V. Sazonov, “Radiation fluxes of the quiet sun in the range 121.6-0.45nm,” Preprint IZMIR AN SSSR No. 23 (Nauka, Moscow, 1973).

Bortkevich, V. S.

S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, V. G. Bogdanov, V. S. Bortkevich, A. S. Bystrov, and N. A. Voronin, “New approaches to the formation of the recording channel in the devices of the Space Solar Patrol,” Nauchn. Prib. 13, No. 2, 34 (2003).

Bystrov, A. S.

S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, V. G. Bogdanov, V. S. Bortkevich, A. S. Bystrov, and N. A. Voronin, “New approaches to the formation of the recording channel in the devices of the Space Solar Patrol,” Nauchn. Prib. 13, No. 2, 34 (2003).

Chernikov, D. A.

S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, I. A. Zotkin, and D. A. Chernikov, “Space Solar Patrol and problems of space weather,” Opt. Zh. 73, No. 4, 10 (2006) S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, I. A. Zotkin, and D. A. Chernikov [J. Opt. Technol. 73, 222 (2006)].

S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, I. A. Zotkin, D. A. Chernikov, V. F. Pindryuin, A. D. Nikolenko, V. V. Lyakh, A. A. Legkodymov, I. V. Poletaev, and M. A. Kholopov, “Results of preparation for calibration testing of the Space Solar Patrol apparatus on a synchrotron source,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Ser. Prib. 49, No. 8, 17 (2006).

Efimov, O. N.

A. I. Efremov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. A. Ivanov, V. N. Nikiforov, and O. N. Efimov, “Filter apparatus for studying the short-wavelength radiation of the sun,” Iskusst. Sputniki Zemli 10, 48 (1961).

A. I. Efremov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. A. Ivanov, O. N. Efimov, and A. A. Lebedev, “Study of the short-wavelength radiation of the sun,” Iskusst. Sputniki Zemli 10, 3 (1961).

Efremov, A.

A. Efremov, Yu. Zaĭtsev, and V. Mikhaĭlov, “Observatory in space,” Pravda No. 297 (18710), 10/24/1969.

Efremov, A. I.

S. V. Avakyan, N. A. Voronin, A. I. Efremov, A. P. Ivanov, M. L. Ivanova, É. V. Kuvaldin, and A. V. Savushkin, “Methodology and equipment for space-based monitoring of ionizing solar radiation,” Opt. Zh. 65, No. 12, 124 (1998) S. V. Avakyan, N. A. Voronin, A. I. Efremov, A. P. Ivanov, M. L. Ivanova, É. V. Kuvaldin, and A. V. Savushkin [J. Opt. Technol. 65, 1054 (1998)].

A. I. Efremov, S. V. Avakyan, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. P. Bolgartseva, L. N. Gershun, M. A. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, and G. V. Sazonov, “Absolute radiation fluxes of the quiet sun in the 121.6-0.45-nm range,” Issled. Geomag. Aéron. 32, 162 (1974).

S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, A. I. Efremov, I. A. Krinberg, A. P. Kulakov, V. S. Petrov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, G. V. Sazonov, and Yu. N. Shaulin, “Electron fluxes during the magnetic storm of December 14-15, 1970, according to the data of the Kosmos-381 satellite,” Issled. Geomag. Aéron. 32, 158 (1974).

A. I. Efremov, S. V. Avakyan, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. P. Bolgartseva, G. V. Sazonov, V. S. Petrov, and L. N. Gershun, “Study of the electron fluxes on the Kosmos-381 satellite and their influence on the state of the ionosphere,” Issled. Geomag. Aéron. Fiz. Solntsa 30, 226 (1974).

S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, L. N. Gershun, A. I. Efremov, R. V. Kushnerevskiĭ, I. N. Odintsova, L. N. Leshchenko, V. S. Petrov, and G. V. Sazonov, “Ionizing radiation of the sun from the data of the Kosmos-381 satellite and its influence on the ionosphere,” Geomag. Aéronomiya 13, 922 (1973).

A. I. Efremov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. A. Ivanov, O. N. Efimov, and A. A. Lebedev, “Study of the short-wavelength radiation of the sun,” Iskusst. Sputniki Zemli 10, 3 (1961).

A. I. Efremov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. A. Ivanov, V. N. Nikiforov, and O. N. Efimov, “Filter apparatus for studying the short-wavelength radiation of the sun,” Iskusst. Sputniki Zemli 10, 48 (1961).

A. M. Tyutikov and A. I. Efremov, “Secondary-electron multipliers for recording long-wavelength x-radiation,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 118, 286 (1958).

S. L. Mandel'shtam and A. I. Efremov, “Studies of the short-wavelength UV radiation of the sun,” Usp. Fiz. Nauk 63, 163 (1957).

A. I. Efremov and V. N. Kupriyanov, “Development of apparatus and studies of x-rays and UV radiation of the sun, UV radiation of the stars and of the disks of the earth and moon from orbital spacecraft and complexes,” in Twelfth International Symposium on the History of Aviation and Cosmonautics (IIET RAN, Moscow 1999), pp. 162-163.

A. I. Efremov and A. V. Ivanov, “Optomechanical setup of grazing-incidence spectrometers,” Opt.-Mekh. Prom-st. No. 7, 30 (1973).

S. V. Avakyan, A. I. Efremov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, G. V. Sazonov, M. A. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, L. N. Gershun, and M. P. Bolgartseva, “Ionizing fluxes in the earth's upper atmosphere,” in Collection of Articles of the Eightieth Anniversary of the Birth of A. A. Lebedev (Mashinostroenie, Leningrad, 1973), pp. 136-149.

A. I. Efremov, S. V. Avakyan, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. P. Bolgartseva, L. N. Gershun, M. A. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, and G. V. Sazonov, “Radiation fluxes of the quiet sun in the range 121.6-0.45nm,” Preprint IZMIR AN SSSR No. 23 (Nauka, Moscow, 1973).

A. I. Efremov, E. A. Vasil'ev, and A. D. Lukasheva, “Method of adjusting spectral devices,” Opt.-Mekh. Prom-st. No. 10, 37 (1973).

S. V. Avakyan, A. I. Efremov, I. A. Krinberg, A. P. Kulakov, and A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, “Analytical form of the energy distribution of electron fluxes in the outer ionosphere,” Preprint IZMIR AN SSSR No. 22 (Nauka, Moscow, 1973).

Fedorov, M.

Ya. Al'pert, M. Fedorov, Yu. Kushnerevskiĭ, R. Rabinovich, V. Matazov, and A. Barinov, “In orbit--the ionosond. Science extends the horizons (on the launch of the Kosmos-381 satellite),” in The Conquest of Space by the USSR. Official Reports of TASS and Materials of the Central Press, 1971 (Nauka, Moscow, 1973), pp. 126-128.

Garcia, H. A.

H. A. Garcia, “Energetic electron pitch angle distribution parameters at 6.6 Re, as deduced from GOES x-ray observations,” Planet. Space Sci. 44, 473 (1996).
[Crossref]

Gershun, L. N.

A. I. Efremov, S. V. Avakyan, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. P. Bolgartseva, G. V. Sazonov, V. S. Petrov, and L. N. Gershun, “Study of the electron fluxes on the Kosmos-381 satellite and their influence on the state of the ionosphere,” Issled. Geomag. Aéron. Fiz. Solntsa 30, 226 (1974).

A. I. Efremov, S. V. Avakyan, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. P. Bolgartseva, L. N. Gershun, M. A. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, and G. V. Sazonov, “Absolute radiation fluxes of the quiet sun in the 121.6-0.45-nm range,” Issled. Geomag. Aéron. 32, 162 (1974).

S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, L. N. Gershun, A. I. Efremov, R. V. Kushnerevskiĭ, I. N. Odintsova, L. N. Leshchenko, V. S. Petrov, and G. V. Sazonov, “Ionizing radiation of the sun from the data of the Kosmos-381 satellite and its influence on the ionosphere,” Geomag. Aéronomiya 13, 922 (1973).

A. I. Efremov, S. V. Avakyan, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. P. Bolgartseva, L. N. Gershun, M. A. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, and G. V. Sazonov, “Radiation fluxes of the quiet sun in the range 121.6-0.45nm,” Preprint IZMIR AN SSSR No. 23 (Nauka, Moscow, 1973).

S. V. Avakyan, A. I. Efremov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, G. V. Sazonov, M. A. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, L. N. Gershun, and M. P. Bolgartseva, “Ionizing fluxes in the earth's upper atmosphere,” in Collection of Articles of the Eightieth Anniversary of the Birth of A. A. Lebedev (Mashinostroenie, Leningrad, 1973), pp. 136-149.

Gnedin, Yu. N.

Yu. N. Gnedin, A. A. Solov'ev, and S. V. Avakyan, “Space Solar Patrol and some fundamental questions of astrophysics, solar physics, and geophysics,” Opt. Zh. 73, No. 4., 5 (2006) Yu. N. Gnedin, A. A. Solov'ev, and S. V. Avakyan [J. Opt. Technol. 73, 218 (2006)].

Horan, D. M.

D. M. Horan, R. W. Kreplin, and R. G. Taylor, “Solar x-ray emission on January 24-25, 1971,” in Data on Solar Geophysical Activity Associated with the Major Ground-Level Cosmic-Ray Events of 24 January 1971 and 1 September, 1972, Boulder, WDCA STP.1972. Report UAG-24, part 1, pp. 100-102.

Ivanchenkov, A. S.

A. I. Lazarev, V. V. Kovalenok, A. S. Ivanchenkov, and S. V. Avakyan, The Earth's Atmosphere from Salyut-6 (Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1981).

Ivanov, A. P.

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev, “Developing apparatus for permanent space patrol of the ionizing radiation of the sun,” Opt. Zh. 68, No. 6, 54 (2001) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev [J. Opt. Technol. 68, 421 (2001)].

S. V. Avakyan, N. A. Voronin, A. I. Efremov, A. P. Ivanov, M. L. Ivanova, É. V. Kuvaldin, and A. V. Savushkin, “Methodology and equipment for space-based monitoring of ionizing solar radiation,” Opt. Zh. 65, No. 12, 124 (1998) S. V. Avakyan, N. A. Voronin, A. I. Efremov, A. P. Ivanov, M. L. Ivanova, É. V. Kuvaldin, and A. V. Savushkin [J. Opt. Technol. 65, 1054 (1998)].

Ivanov, A. V.

A. I. Efremov and A. V. Ivanov, “Optomechanical setup of grazing-incidence spectrometers,” Opt.-Mekh. Prom-st. No. 7, 30 (1973).

Ivanov, M. A.

A. I. Efremov, S. V. Avakyan, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. P. Bolgartseva, L. N. Gershun, M. A. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, and G. V. Sazonov, “Absolute radiation fluxes of the quiet sun in the 121.6-0.45-nm range,” Issled. Geomag. Aéron. 32, 162 (1974).

A. I. Efremov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. A. Ivanov, O. N. Efimov, and A. A. Lebedev, “Study of the short-wavelength radiation of the sun,” Iskusst. Sputniki Zemli 10, 3 (1961).

A. I. Efremov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. A. Ivanov, V. N. Nikiforov, and O. N. Efimov, “Filter apparatus for studying the short-wavelength radiation of the sun,” Iskusst. Sputniki Zemli 10, 48 (1961).

A. I. Efremov, S. V. Avakyan, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. P. Bolgartseva, L. N. Gershun, M. A. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, and G. V. Sazonov, “Radiation fluxes of the quiet sun in the range 121.6-0.45nm,” Preprint IZMIR AN SSSR No. 23 (Nauka, Moscow, 1973).

S. V. Avakyan, A. I. Efremov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, G. V. Sazonov, M. A. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, L. N. Gershun, and M. P. Bolgartseva, “Ionizing fluxes in the earth's upper atmosphere,” in Collection of Articles of the Eightieth Anniversary of the Birth of A. A. Lebedev (Mashinostroenie, Leningrad, 1973), pp. 136-149.

Ivanova, M. L.

S. V. Avakyan, N. A. Voronin, A. I. Efremov, A. P. Ivanov, M. L. Ivanova, É. V. Kuvaldin, and A. V. Savushkin, “Methodology and equipment for space-based monitoring of ionizing solar radiation,” Opt. Zh. 65, No. 12, 124 (1998) S. V. Avakyan, N. A. Voronin, A. I. Efremov, A. P. Ivanov, M. L. Ivanova, É. V. Kuvaldin, and A. V. Savushkin [J. Opt. Technol. 65, 1054 (1998)].

Ivanov-Kholodnyi, G. C.

G. C. Ivanov-Kholodnyĭ and G. M. Nikol'skiĭ, The Sun and the Ionosphere (Fizmatgiz, Moscow, 1969).

Karpovich, I. A.

A. P. Lukirskiĭ, M. A. Rumsh, and I. A. Karpovich, “Measuring the photoelectric output of the external photoelectric effect under the action of x-radiation in the wavelength region from 1.54to13.3Å,” Opt. Spectrosc. 9, 653 (1960).

Kholopov, M. A.

S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, I. A. Zotkin, D. A. Chernikov, V. F. Pindryuin, A. D. Nikolenko, V. V. Lyakh, A. A. Legkodymov, I. V. Poletaev, and M. A. Kholopov, “Results of preparation for calibration testing of the Space Solar Patrol apparatus on a synchrotron source,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Ser. Prib. 49, No. 8, 17 (2006).

Kornilov, V. N.

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev, “Developing apparatus for permanent space patrol of the ionizing radiation of the sun,” Opt. Zh. 68, No. 6, 54 (2001) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev [J. Opt. Technol. 68, 421 (2001)].

Kovalenok, V. V.

A. I. Lazarev, V. V. Kovalenok, A. S. Ivanchenkov, and S. V. Avakyan, The Earth's Atmosphere from Salyut-6 (Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1981).

Kreplin, R. W.

D. M. Horan, R. W. Kreplin, and R. G. Taylor, “Solar x-ray emission on January 24-25, 1971,” in Data on Solar Geophysical Activity Associated with the Major Ground-Level Cosmic-Ray Events of 24 January 1971 and 1 September, 1972, Boulder, WDCA STP.1972. Report UAG-24, part 1, pp. 100-102.

Krinberg, I. A.

S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, A. I. Efremov, I. A. Krinberg, A. P. Kulakov, V. S. Petrov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, G. V. Sazonov, and Yu. N. Shaulin, “Electron fluxes during the magnetic storm of December 14-15, 1970, according to the data of the Kosmos-381 satellite,” Issled. Geomag. Aéron. 32, 158 (1974).

S. V. Avakyan, A. I. Efremov, I. A. Krinberg, A. P. Kulakov, and A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, “Analytical form of the energy distribution of electron fluxes in the outer ionosphere,” Preprint IZMIR AN SSSR No. 22 (Nauka, Moscow, 1973).

Kulakov, A. P.

S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, A. I. Efremov, I. A. Krinberg, A. P. Kulakov, V. S. Petrov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, G. V. Sazonov, and Yu. N. Shaulin, “Electron fluxes during the magnetic storm of December 14-15, 1970, according to the data of the Kosmos-381 satellite,” Issled. Geomag. Aéron. 32, 158 (1974).

S. V. Avakyan, A. I. Efremov, I. A. Krinberg, A. P. Kulakov, and A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, “Analytical form of the energy distribution of electron fluxes in the outer ionosphere,” Preprint IZMIR AN SSSR No. 22 (Nauka, Moscow, 1973).

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V. N. Kupriyanov, “On the solar wind,” St. Petersburg State University, 1998, No. 9 (3476), pp. 16-18.

V. N. Kupriyanov, “The apparatus of the S. I. Vavilov State Optical Institute for studying x-rays and UV radiation on spacecraft,” in Second Utinskiĭ Lectures: Transactions of the All-Russia Scientific-Technical Conference, St. Petersburg, Baltic State Tech. Univ., 2005, pp. 74-82.

A. I. Efremov and V. N. Kupriyanov, “Development of apparatus and studies of x-rays and UV radiation of the sun, UV radiation of the stars and of the disks of the earth and moon from orbital spacecraft and complexes,” in Twelfth International Symposium on the History of Aviation and Cosmonautics (IIET RAN, Moscow 1999), pp. 162-163.

Kushnerevskii, R. V.

S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, L. N. Gershun, A. I. Efremov, R. V. Kushnerevskiĭ, I. N. Odintsova, L. N. Leshchenko, V. S. Petrov, and G. V. Sazonov, “Ionizing radiation of the sun from the data of the Kosmos-381 satellite and its influence on the ionosphere,” Geomag. Aéronomiya 13, 922 (1973).

Kushnerevskii, Yu.

Ya. Al'pert, M. Fedorov, Yu. Kushnerevskiĭ, R. Rabinovich, V. Matazov, and A. Barinov, “In orbit--the ionosond. Science extends the horizons (on the launch of the Kosmos-381 satellite),” in The Conquest of Space by the USSR. Official Reports of TASS and Materials of the Central Press, 1971 (Nauka, Moscow, 1973), pp. 126-128.

Kuvaldin, E.

S. Avakyan, M. Van Esbeek, A. Milintchouk, E. Kuvaldin, N. Leonov, M. Lebedinskaya, A. Polsak, A. Serova, and N. Voronin, “Ground test of x-ray monitor device for flights on boards of satellites,” in Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on Materials in Space Environment, Fifth International Conference on Protection of Materials and Structures from the LEO Space Environment, France, Arcachon, June 2000, pp. 17-23.

Kuvaldin, É. V.

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, É. V. Kuvaldin, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, and A. E. Serova, “Laboratory studies of apparatus for monitoring ionizing solar radiation from space,” Opt. Zh. 68, No. 2, 5 (2001) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, É. V. Kuvaldin, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, and A. E. Serova [J. Opt. Technol. 68, 81 (2001)].

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev, “Developing apparatus for permanent space patrol of the ionizing radiation of the sun,” Opt. Zh. 68, No. 6, 54 (2001) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev [J. Opt. Technol. 68, 421 (2001)].

S. V. Avakyan, N. A. Voronin, A. I. Efremov, A. P. Ivanov, M. L. Ivanova, É. V. Kuvaldin, and A. V. Savushkin, “Methodology and equipment for space-based monitoring of ionizing solar radiation,” Opt. Zh. 65, No. 12, 124 (1998) S. V. Avakyan, N. A. Voronin, A. I. Efremov, A. P. Ivanov, M. L. Ivanova, É. V. Kuvaldin, and A. V. Savushkin [J. Opt. Technol. 65, 1054 (1998)].

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Ya. Lashtovichka, “Spillage of hard electrons (E=20-150keV) at middle latitudes,” Geomag. Aéron. 20, 880 (1980).

Lazarev, A. I.

A. I. Lazarev, V. V. Kovalenok, A. S. Ivanchenkov, and S. V. Avakyan, The Earth's Atmosphere from Salyut-6 (Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1981).

Lebedev, A. A.

A. I. Efremov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. A. Ivanov, O. N. Efimov, and A. A. Lebedev, “Study of the short-wavelength radiation of the sun,” Iskusst. Sputniki Zemli 10, 3 (1961).

A. I. Yefremov, A. L. Podmoshensky, O. N. Yefimov, and A. A. Lebedev, “Investigation of solar x-rays and Lyman alpha radiation on August 19-20, 1960,” in Space Research III, Proceedings of the Third International Space Science Symposium, Washington. D.C., May 2-8, 1962 (North Holland Publishing company, Amsterdam, 1963), pp. 843-854.

Lebedinskaya, M.

S. Avakyan, M. Van Esbeek, A. Milintchouk, E. Kuvaldin, N. Leonov, M. Lebedinskaya, A. Polsak, A. Serova, and N. Voronin, “Ground test of x-ray monitor device for flights on boards of satellites,” in Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on Materials in Space Environment, Fifth International Conference on Protection of Materials and Structures from the LEO Space Environment, France, Arcachon, June 2000, pp. 17-23.

Lebedinskaya, M. L.

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, É. V. Kuvaldin, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, and A. E. Serova, “Laboratory studies of apparatus for monitoring ionizing solar radiation from space,” Opt. Zh. 68, No. 2, 5 (2001) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, É. V. Kuvaldin, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, and A. E. Serova [J. Opt. Technol. 68, 81 (2001)].

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev, “Developing apparatus for permanent space patrol of the ionizing radiation of the sun,” Opt. Zh. 68, No. 6, 54 (2001) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev [J. Opt. Technol. 68, 421 (2001)].

Legkodymov, A. A.

S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, I. A. Zotkin, D. A. Chernikov, V. F. Pindryuin, A. D. Nikolenko, V. V. Lyakh, A. A. Legkodymov, I. V. Poletaev, and M. A. Kholopov, “Results of preparation for calibration testing of the Space Solar Patrol apparatus on a synchrotron source,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Ser. Prib. 49, No. 8, 17 (2006).

Lekhanov, E. F.

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev, “Developing apparatus for permanent space patrol of the ionizing radiation of the sun,” Opt. Zh. 68, No. 6, 54 (2001) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev [J. Opt. Technol. 68, 421 (2001)].

Leonov, N.

S. Avakyan, M. Van Esbeek, A. Milintchouk, E. Kuvaldin, N. Leonov, M. Lebedinskaya, A. Polsak, A. Serova, and N. Voronin, “Ground test of x-ray monitor device for flights on boards of satellites,” in Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on Materials in Space Environment, Fifth International Conference on Protection of Materials and Structures from the LEO Space Environment, France, Arcachon, June 2000, pp. 17-23.

Leonov, N. B.

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanasnev, N. B. Leonov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, and N. A. Voronin, “Creating of the permanent Space Patrol of ionizing solar radiation,” Proc. SPIE 4853, 600 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, N. B. Leonov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, and É. A. Yakovlev, “Development of an x-ray spectrometer for a Space Solar Patrol,” Opt. Zh. 69, No. 11, 36 (2002) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, N. B. Leonov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, and É. A. Yakovlev [J. Opt. Technol. 69, 818 (2002)].

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev, “Developing apparatus for permanent space patrol of the ionizing radiation of the sun,” Opt. Zh. 68, No. 6, 54 (2001) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev [J. Opt. Technol. 68, 421 (2001)].

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, É. V. Kuvaldin, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, and A. E. Serova, “Laboratory studies of apparatus for monitoring ionizing solar radiation from space,” Opt. Zh. 68, No. 2, 5 (2001) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, É. V. Kuvaldin, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, and A. E. Serova [J. Opt. Technol. 68, 81 (2001)].

Leshchenko, L. N.

S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, L. N. Gershun, A. I. Efremov, R. V. Kushnerevskiĭ, I. N. Odintsova, L. N. Leshchenko, V. S. Petrov, and G. V. Sazonov, “Ionizing radiation of the sun from the data of the Kosmos-381 satellite and its influence on the ionosphere,” Geomag. Aéronomiya 13, 922 (1973).

Lukasheva, A. D.

A. I. Efremov, E. A. Vasil'ev, and A. D. Lukasheva, “Method of adjusting spectral devices,” Opt.-Mekh. Prom-st. No. 10, 37 (1973).

Lukirskii, A. P.

A. P. Lukirskiĭ, M. A. Rumsh, and L. A. Smirnov, “Measuring the photoelectric output for ultrasoft x-radiation,” Opt. Spectrosc. 9, 505 (1960).

A. P. Lukirskiĭ, M. A. Rumsh, and I. A. Karpovich, “Measuring the photoelectric output of the external photoelectric effect under the action of x-radiation in the wavelength region from 1.54to13.3Å,” Opt. Spectrosc. 9, 653 (1960).

Lyakh, V. V.

S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, I. A. Zotkin, D. A. Chernikov, V. F. Pindryuin, A. D. Nikolenko, V. V. Lyakh, A. A. Legkodymov, I. V. Poletaev, and M. A. Kholopov, “Results of preparation for calibration testing of the Space Solar Patrol apparatus on a synchrotron source,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Ser. Prib. 49, No. 8, 17 (2006).

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S. L. Mandel'shtam and A. I. Efremov, “Studies of the short-wavelength UV radiation of the sun,” Usp. Fiz. Nauk 63, 163 (1957).

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Ya. Al'pert, M. Fedorov, Yu. Kushnerevskiĭ, R. Rabinovich, V. Matazov, and A. Barinov, “In orbit--the ionosond. Science extends the horizons (on the launch of the Kosmos-381 satellite),” in The Conquest of Space by the USSR. Official Reports of TASS and Materials of the Central Press, 1971 (Nauka, Moscow, 1973), pp. 126-128.

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S. Avakyan, M. Van Esbeek, A. Milintchouk, E. Kuvaldin, N. Leonov, M. Lebedinskaya, A. Polsak, A. Serova, and N. Voronin, “Ground test of x-ray monitor device for flights on boards of satellites,” in Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on Materials in Space Environment, Fifth International Conference on Protection of Materials and Structures from the LEO Space Environment, France, Arcachon, June 2000, pp. 17-23.

Nikiforov, V. N.

A. I. Efremov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. A. Ivanov, V. N. Nikiforov, and O. N. Efimov, “Filter apparatus for studying the short-wavelength radiation of the sun,” Iskusst. Sputniki Zemli 10, 48 (1961).

Nikolenko, A. D.

S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, I. A. Zotkin, D. A. Chernikov, V. F. Pindryuin, A. D. Nikolenko, V. V. Lyakh, A. A. Legkodymov, I. V. Poletaev, and M. A. Kholopov, “Results of preparation for calibration testing of the Space Solar Patrol apparatus on a synchrotron source,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Ser. Prib. 49, No. 8, 17 (2006).

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G. C. Ivanov-Kholodnyĭ and G. M. Nikol'skiĭ, The Sun and the Ionosphere (Fizmatgiz, Moscow, 1969).

Odintsova, I. N.

S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, L. N. Gershun, A. I. Efremov, R. V. Kushnerevskiĭ, I. N. Odintsova, L. N. Leshchenko, V. S. Petrov, and G. V. Sazonov, “Ionizing radiation of the sun from the data of the Kosmos-381 satellite and its influence on the ionosphere,” Geomag. Aéronomiya 13, 922 (1973).

Petrov, V. S.

A. I. Efremov, S. V. Avakyan, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. P. Bolgartseva, G. V. Sazonov, V. S. Petrov, and L. N. Gershun, “Study of the electron fluxes on the Kosmos-381 satellite and their influence on the state of the ionosphere,” Issled. Geomag. Aéron. Fiz. Solntsa 30, 226 (1974).

A. I. Efremov, S. V. Avakyan, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. P. Bolgartseva, L. N. Gershun, M. A. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, and G. V. Sazonov, “Absolute radiation fluxes of the quiet sun in the 121.6-0.45-nm range,” Issled. Geomag. Aéron. 32, 162 (1974).

S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, A. I. Efremov, I. A. Krinberg, A. P. Kulakov, V. S. Petrov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, G. V. Sazonov, and Yu. N. Shaulin, “Electron fluxes during the magnetic storm of December 14-15, 1970, according to the data of the Kosmos-381 satellite,” Issled. Geomag. Aéron. 32, 158 (1974).

S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, L. N. Gershun, A. I. Efremov, R. V. Kushnerevskiĭ, I. N. Odintsova, L. N. Leshchenko, V. S. Petrov, and G. V. Sazonov, “Ionizing radiation of the sun from the data of the Kosmos-381 satellite and its influence on the ionosphere,” Geomag. Aéronomiya 13, 922 (1973).

S. V. Avakyan, A. I. Efremov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, G. V. Sazonov, M. A. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, L. N. Gershun, and M. P. Bolgartseva, “Ionizing fluxes in the earth's upper atmosphere,” in Collection of Articles of the Eightieth Anniversary of the Birth of A. A. Lebedev (Mashinostroenie, Leningrad, 1973), pp. 136-149.

A. I. Efremov, S. V. Avakyan, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. P. Bolgartseva, L. N. Gershun, M. A. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, and G. V. Sazonov, “Radiation fluxes of the quiet sun in the range 121.6-0.45nm,” Preprint IZMIR AN SSSR No. 23 (Nauka, Moscow, 1973).

Pindryuin, V. F.

S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, I. A. Zotkin, D. A. Chernikov, V. F. Pindryuin, A. D. Nikolenko, V. V. Lyakh, A. A. Legkodymov, I. V. Poletaev, and M. A. Kholopov, “Results of preparation for calibration testing of the Space Solar Patrol apparatus on a synchrotron source,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Ser. Prib. 49, No. 8, 17 (2006).

Podmoshenskii, A. L.

S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, A. I. Efremov, I. A. Krinberg, A. P. Kulakov, V. S. Petrov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, G. V. Sazonov, and Yu. N. Shaulin, “Electron fluxes during the magnetic storm of December 14-15, 1970, according to the data of the Kosmos-381 satellite,” Issled. Geomag. Aéron. 32, 158 (1974).

A. I. Efremov, S. V. Avakyan, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. P. Bolgartseva, G. V. Sazonov, V. S. Petrov, and L. N. Gershun, “Study of the electron fluxes on the Kosmos-381 satellite and their influence on the state of the ionosphere,” Issled. Geomag. Aéron. Fiz. Solntsa 30, 226 (1974).

A. I. Efremov, S. V. Avakyan, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. P. Bolgartseva, L. N. Gershun, M. A. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, and G. V. Sazonov, “Absolute radiation fluxes of the quiet sun in the 121.6-0.45-nm range,” Issled. Geomag. Aéron. 32, 162 (1974).

A. I. Efremov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. A. Ivanov, O. N. Efimov, and A. A. Lebedev, “Study of the short-wavelength radiation of the sun,” Iskusst. Sputniki Zemli 10, 3 (1961).

A. I. Efremov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. A. Ivanov, V. N. Nikiforov, and O. N. Efimov, “Filter apparatus for studying the short-wavelength radiation of the sun,” Iskusst. Sputniki Zemli 10, 48 (1961).

S. V. Avakyan, A. I. Efremov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, G. V. Sazonov, M. A. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, L. N. Gershun, and M. P. Bolgartseva, “Ionizing fluxes in the earth's upper atmosphere,” in Collection of Articles of the Eightieth Anniversary of the Birth of A. A. Lebedev (Mashinostroenie, Leningrad, 1973), pp. 136-149.

S. V. Avakyan, A. I. Efremov, I. A. Krinberg, A. P. Kulakov, and A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, “Analytical form of the energy distribution of electron fluxes in the outer ionosphere,” Preprint IZMIR AN SSSR No. 22 (Nauka, Moscow, 1973).

A. I. Efremov, S. V. Avakyan, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. P. Bolgartseva, L. N. Gershun, M. A. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, and G. V. Sazonov, “Radiation fluxes of the quiet sun in the range 121.6-0.45nm,” Preprint IZMIR AN SSSR No. 23 (Nauka, Moscow, 1973).

Podmoshensky, A. L.

A. I. Yefremov, A. L. Podmoshensky, O. N. Yefimov, and A. A. Lebedev, “Investigation of solar x-rays and Lyman alpha radiation on August 19-20, 1960,” in Space Research III, Proceedings of the Third International Space Science Symposium, Washington. D.C., May 2-8, 1962 (North Holland Publishing company, Amsterdam, 1963), pp. 843-854.

Poletaev, I. V.

S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, I. A. Zotkin, D. A. Chernikov, V. F. Pindryuin, A. D. Nikolenko, V. V. Lyakh, A. A. Legkodymov, I. V. Poletaev, and M. A. Kholopov, “Results of preparation for calibration testing of the Space Solar Patrol apparatus on a synchrotron source,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Ser. Prib. 49, No. 8, 17 (2006).

Polsak, A.

S. Avakyan, M. Van Esbeek, A. Milintchouk, E. Kuvaldin, N. Leonov, M. Lebedinskaya, A. Polsak, A. Serova, and N. Voronin, “Ground test of x-ray monitor device for flights on boards of satellites,” in Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on Materials in Space Environment, Fifth International Conference on Protection of Materials and Structures from the LEO Space Environment, France, Arcachon, June 2000, pp. 17-23.

Pribylovskii, I. M.

S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, A. I. Efremov, I. A. Krinberg, A. P. Kulakov, V. S. Petrov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, G. V. Sazonov, and Yu. N. Shaulin, “Electron fluxes during the magnetic storm of December 14-15, 1970, according to the data of the Kosmos-381 satellite,” Issled. Geomag. Aéron. 32, 158 (1974).

A. I. Efremov, S. V. Avakyan, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. P. Bolgartseva, L. N. Gershun, M. A. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, and G. V. Sazonov, “Absolute radiation fluxes of the quiet sun in the 121.6-0.45-nm range,” Issled. Geomag. Aéron. 32, 162 (1974).

S. V. Avakyan, A. I. Efremov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, G. V. Sazonov, M. A. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, L. N. Gershun, and M. P. Bolgartseva, “Ionizing fluxes in the earth's upper atmosphere,” in Collection of Articles of the Eightieth Anniversary of the Birth of A. A. Lebedev (Mashinostroenie, Leningrad, 1973), pp. 136-149.

A. I. Efremov, S. V. Avakyan, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. P. Bolgartseva, L. N. Gershun, M. A. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, and G. V. Sazonov, “Radiation fluxes of the quiet sun in the range 121.6-0.45nm,” Preprint IZMIR AN SSSR No. 23 (Nauka, Moscow, 1973).

Pustarnakov, V. F.

S. V. Avakyan, A. I. Vdovin, and V. F. Pustarnakov, Ionizing and Penetrating Radiation in Near-Earth Space (Gidrometeoizdat, St. Petersburg, 1994).

Rabinovich, R.

Ya. Al'pert, M. Fedorov, Yu. Kushnerevskiĭ, R. Rabinovich, V. Matazov, and A. Barinov, “In orbit--the ionosond. Science extends the horizons (on the launch of the Kosmos-381 satellite),” in The Conquest of Space by the USSR. Official Reports of TASS and Materials of the Central Press, 1971 (Nauka, Moscow, 1973), pp. 126-128.

Rumsh, M. A.

A. P. Lukirskiĭ, M. A. Rumsh, and I. A. Karpovich, “Measuring the photoelectric output of the external photoelectric effect under the action of x-radiation in the wavelength region from 1.54to13.3Å,” Opt. Spectrosc. 9, 653 (1960).

A. P. Lukirskiĭ, M. A. Rumsh, and L. A. Smirnov, “Measuring the photoelectric output for ultrasoft x-radiation,” Opt. Spectrosc. 9, 505 (1960).

Savinov, E. P.

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, N. B. Leonov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, and É. A. Yakovlev, “Development of an x-ray spectrometer for a Space Solar Patrol,” Opt. Zh. 69, No. 11, 36 (2002) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, N. B. Leonov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, and É. A. Yakovlev [J. Opt. Technol. 69, 818 (2002)].

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev, “Developing apparatus for permanent space patrol of the ionizing radiation of the sun,” Opt. Zh. 68, No. 6, 54 (2001) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev [J. Opt. Technol. 68, 421 (2001)].

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, É. V. Kuvaldin, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, and A. E. Serova, “Laboratory studies of apparatus for monitoring ionizing solar radiation from space,” Opt. Zh. 68, No. 2, 5 (2001) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, É. V. Kuvaldin, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, and A. E. Serova [J. Opt. Technol. 68, 81 (2001)].

Savushkin, A. V.

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanasnev, N. B. Leonov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, and N. A. Voronin, “Creating of the permanent Space Patrol of ionizing solar radiation,” Proc. SPIE 4853, 600 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, N. B. Leonov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, and É. A. Yakovlev, “Development of an x-ray spectrometer for a Space Solar Patrol,” Opt. Zh. 69, No. 11, 36 (2002) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, N. B. Leonov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, and É. A. Yakovlev [J. Opt. Technol. 69, 818 (2002)].

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev, “Developing apparatus for permanent space patrol of the ionizing radiation of the sun,” Opt. Zh. 68, No. 6, 54 (2001) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev [J. Opt. Technol. 68, 421 (2001)].

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, É. V. Kuvaldin, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, and A. E. Serova, “Laboratory studies of apparatus for monitoring ionizing solar radiation from space,” Opt. Zh. 68, No. 2, 5 (2001) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, É. V. Kuvaldin, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, and A. E. Serova [J. Opt. Technol. 68, 81 (2001)].

S. V. Avakyan, N. A. Voronin, A. I. Efremov, A. P. Ivanov, M. L. Ivanova, É. V. Kuvaldin, and A. V. Savushkin, “Methodology and equipment for space-based monitoring of ionizing solar radiation,” Opt. Zh. 65, No. 12, 124 (1998) S. V. Avakyan, N. A. Voronin, A. I. Efremov, A. P. Ivanov, M. L. Ivanova, É. V. Kuvaldin, and A. V. Savushkin [J. Opt. Technol. 65, 1054 (1998)].

Sazonov, G. V.

A. I. Efremov, S. V. Avakyan, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. P. Bolgartseva, L. N. Gershun, M. A. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, and G. V. Sazonov, “Absolute radiation fluxes of the quiet sun in the 121.6-0.45-nm range,” Issled. Geomag. Aéron. 32, 162 (1974).

S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, A. I. Efremov, I. A. Krinberg, A. P. Kulakov, V. S. Petrov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, G. V. Sazonov, and Yu. N. Shaulin, “Electron fluxes during the magnetic storm of December 14-15, 1970, according to the data of the Kosmos-381 satellite,” Issled. Geomag. Aéron. 32, 158 (1974).

A. I. Efremov, S. V. Avakyan, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. P. Bolgartseva, G. V. Sazonov, V. S. Petrov, and L. N. Gershun, “Study of the electron fluxes on the Kosmos-381 satellite and their influence on the state of the ionosphere,” Issled. Geomag. Aéron. Fiz. Solntsa 30, 226 (1974).

S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, L. N. Gershun, A. I. Efremov, R. V. Kushnerevskiĭ, I. N. Odintsova, L. N. Leshchenko, V. S. Petrov, and G. V. Sazonov, “Ionizing radiation of the sun from the data of the Kosmos-381 satellite and its influence on the ionosphere,” Geomag. Aéronomiya 13, 922 (1973).

S. V. Avakyan, A. I. Efremov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, G. V. Sazonov, M. A. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, L. N. Gershun, and M. P. Bolgartseva, “Ionizing fluxes in the earth's upper atmosphere,” in Collection of Articles of the Eightieth Anniversary of the Birth of A. A. Lebedev (Mashinostroenie, Leningrad, 1973), pp. 136-149.

A. I. Efremov, S. V. Avakyan, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. P. Bolgartseva, L. N. Gershun, M. A. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, and G. V. Sazonov, “Radiation fluxes of the quiet sun in the range 121.6-0.45nm,” Preprint IZMIR AN SSSR No. 23 (Nauka, Moscow, 1973).

Serova, A.

S. Avakyan, M. Van Esbeek, A. Milintchouk, E. Kuvaldin, N. Leonov, M. Lebedinskaya, A. Polsak, A. Serova, and N. Voronin, “Ground test of x-ray monitor device for flights on boards of satellites,” in Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on Materials in Space Environment, Fifth International Conference on Protection of Materials and Structures from the LEO Space Environment, France, Arcachon, June 2000, pp. 17-23.

Serova, A. E.

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanasnev, N. B. Leonov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, and N. A. Voronin, “Creating of the permanent Space Patrol of ionizing solar radiation,” Proc. SPIE 4853, 600 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, N. B. Leonov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, and É. A. Yakovlev, “Development of an x-ray spectrometer for a Space Solar Patrol,” Opt. Zh. 69, No. 11, 36 (2002) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, N. B. Leonov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, and É. A. Yakovlev [J. Opt. Technol. 69, 818 (2002)].

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev, “Developing apparatus for permanent space patrol of the ionizing radiation of the sun,” Opt. Zh. 68, No. 6, 54 (2001) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev [J. Opt. Technol. 68, 421 (2001)].

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, É. V. Kuvaldin, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, and A. E. Serova, “Laboratory studies of apparatus for monitoring ionizing solar radiation from space,” Opt. Zh. 68, No. 2, 5 (2001) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, É. V. Kuvaldin, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, and A. E. Serova [J. Opt. Technol. 68, 81 (2001)].

Shaulin, Yu. N.

S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, A. I. Efremov, I. A. Krinberg, A. P. Kulakov, V. S. Petrov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, G. V. Sazonov, and Yu. N. Shaulin, “Electron fluxes during the magnetic storm of December 14-15, 1970, according to the data of the Kosmos-381 satellite,” Issled. Geomag. Aéron. 32, 158 (1974).

Shuba, Yu. A.

Yu. A. Shuba, A. M. Tyutikov, and A. M. Sorokin, “Photocathodes for studying the short-wavelength radiation of the sun,” Iskusst. Sputniki Zemli 10, 55 (1961).

Smirnov, L. A.

A. P. Lukirskiĭ, M. A. Rumsh, and L. A. Smirnov, “Measuring the photoelectric output for ultrasoft x-radiation,” Opt. Spectrosc. 9, 505 (1960).

Solov'ev, A. A.

Yu. N. Gnedin, A. A. Solov'ev, and S. V. Avakyan, “Space Solar Patrol and some fundamental questions of astrophysics, solar physics, and geophysics,” Opt. Zh. 73, No. 4., 5 (2006) Yu. N. Gnedin, A. A. Solov'ev, and S. V. Avakyan [J. Opt. Technol. 73, 218 (2006)].

Sorokin, A. M.

Yu. A. Shuba, A. M. Tyutikov, and A. M. Sorokin, “Photocathodes for studying the short-wavelength radiation of the sun,” Iskusst. Sputniki Zemli 10, 55 (1961).

Taylor, R. G.

D. M. Horan, R. W. Kreplin, and R. G. Taylor, “Solar x-ray emission on January 24-25, 1971,” in Data on Solar Geophysical Activity Associated with the Major Ground-Level Cosmic-Ray Events of 24 January 1971 and 1 September, 1972, Boulder, WDCA STP.1972. Report UAG-24, part 1, pp. 100-102.

Timofeev, N. N.

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev, “Developing apparatus for permanent space patrol of the ionizing radiation of the sun,” Opt. Zh. 68, No. 6, 54 (2001) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev [J. Opt. Technol. 68, 421 (2001)].

Tyutikov, A. M.

Yu. A. Shuba, A. M. Tyutikov, and A. M. Sorokin, “Photocathodes for studying the short-wavelength radiation of the sun,” Iskusst. Sputniki Zemli 10, 55 (1961).

A. M. Tyutikov and A. I. Efremov, “Secondary-electron multipliers for recording long-wavelength x-radiation,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 118, 286 (1958).

Van Esbeek, M.

S. Avakyan, M. Van Esbeek, A. Milintchouk, E. Kuvaldin, N. Leonov, M. Lebedinskaya, A. Polsak, A. Serova, and N. Voronin, “Ground test of x-ray monitor device for flights on boards of satellites,” in Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on Materials in Space Environment, Fifth International Conference on Protection of Materials and Structures from the LEO Space Environment, France, Arcachon, June 2000, pp. 17-23.

Vasil'ev, E. A.

A. I. Efremov, E. A. Vasil'ev, and A. D. Lukasheva, “Method of adjusting spectral devices,” Opt.-Mekh. Prom-st. No. 10, 37 (1973).

Vdovin, A. I.

S. V. Avakyan, A. I. Vdovin, and V. F. Pustarnakov, Ionizing and Penetrating Radiation in Near-Earth Space (Gidrometeoizdat, St. Petersburg, 1994).

Voronin, N.

S. Avakyan, M. Van Esbeek, A. Milintchouk, E. Kuvaldin, N. Leonov, M. Lebedinskaya, A. Polsak, A. Serova, and N. Voronin, “Ground test of x-ray monitor device for flights on boards of satellites,” in Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on Materials in Space Environment, Fifth International Conference on Protection of Materials and Structures from the LEO Space Environment, France, Arcachon, June 2000, pp. 17-23.

Voronin, N. A.

S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, I. A. Zotkin, D. A. Chernikov, V. F. Pindryuin, A. D. Nikolenko, V. V. Lyakh, A. A. Legkodymov, I. V. Poletaev, and M. A. Kholopov, “Results of preparation for calibration testing of the Space Solar Patrol apparatus on a synchrotron source,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Ser. Prib. 49, No. 8, 17 (2006).

S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, I. A. Zotkin, and D. A. Chernikov, “Space Solar Patrol and problems of space weather,” Opt. Zh. 73, No. 4, 10 (2006) S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, I. A. Zotkin, and D. A. Chernikov [J. Opt. Technol. 73, 222 (2006)].

S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, V. G. Bogdanov, V. S. Bortkevich, A. S. Bystrov, and N. A. Voronin, “New approaches to the formation of the recording channel in the devices of the Space Solar Patrol,” Nauchn. Prib. 13, No. 2, 34 (2003).

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, N. B. Leonov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, and É. A. Yakovlev, “Development of an x-ray spectrometer for a Space Solar Patrol,” Opt. Zh. 69, No. 11, 36 (2002) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, N. B. Leonov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, and É. A. Yakovlev [J. Opt. Technol. 69, 818 (2002)].

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanasnev, N. B. Leonov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, and N. A. Voronin, “Creating of the permanent Space Patrol of ionizing solar radiation,” Proc. SPIE 4853, 600 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, É. V. Kuvaldin, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, and A. E. Serova, “Laboratory studies of apparatus for monitoring ionizing solar radiation from space,” Opt. Zh. 68, No. 2, 5 (2001) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, É. V. Kuvaldin, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, and A. E. Serova [J. Opt. Technol. 68, 81 (2001)].

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev, “Developing apparatus for permanent space patrol of the ionizing radiation of the sun,” Opt. Zh. 68, No. 6, 54 (2001) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev [J. Opt. Technol. 68, 421 (2001)].

S. V. Avakyan, N. A. Voronin, A. I. Efremov, A. P. Ivanov, M. L. Ivanova, É. V. Kuvaldin, and A. V. Savushkin, “Methodology and equipment for space-based monitoring of ionizing solar radiation,” Opt. Zh. 65, No. 12, 124 (1998) S. V. Avakyan, N. A. Voronin, A. I. Efremov, A. P. Ivanov, M. L. Ivanova, É. V. Kuvaldin, and A. V. Savushkin [J. Opt. Technol. 65, 1054 (1998)].

Yakovlev, É. A.

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, N. B. Leonov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, and É. A. Yakovlev, “Development of an x-ray spectrometer for a Space Solar Patrol,” Opt. Zh. 69, No. 11, 36 (2002) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, N. B. Leonov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, and É. A. Yakovlev [J. Opt. Technol. 69, 818 (2002)].

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev, “Developing apparatus for permanent space patrol of the ionizing radiation of the sun,” Opt. Zh. 68, No. 6, 54 (2001) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev [J. Opt. Technol. 68, 421 (2001)].

Yefimov, O. N.

A. I. Yefremov, A. L. Podmoshensky, O. N. Yefimov, and A. A. Lebedev, “Investigation of solar x-rays and Lyman alpha radiation on August 19-20, 1960,” in Space Research III, Proceedings of the Third International Space Science Symposium, Washington. D.C., May 2-8, 1962 (North Holland Publishing company, Amsterdam, 1963), pp. 843-854.

Yefremov, A. I.

A. I. Yefremov, A. L. Podmoshensky, O. N. Yefimov, and A. A. Lebedev, “Investigation of solar x-rays and Lyman alpha radiation on August 19-20, 1960,” in Space Research III, Proceedings of the Third International Space Science Symposium, Washington. D.C., May 2-8, 1962 (North Holland Publishing company, Amsterdam, 1963), pp. 843-854.

Zaitsev, Yu.

A. Efremov, Yu. Zaĭtsev, and V. Mikhaĭlov, “Observatory in space,” Pravda No. 297 (18710), 10/24/1969.

Zotkin, I. A.

S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, I. A. Zotkin, and D. A. Chernikov, “Space Solar Patrol and problems of space weather,” Opt. Zh. 73, No. 4, 10 (2006) S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, I. A. Zotkin, and D. A. Chernikov [J. Opt. Technol. 73, 222 (2006)].

S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, I. A. Zotkin, D. A. Chernikov, V. F. Pindryuin, A. D. Nikolenko, V. V. Lyakh, A. A. Legkodymov, I. V. Poletaev, and M. A. Kholopov, “Results of preparation for calibration testing of the Space Solar Patrol apparatus on a synchrotron source,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Ser. Prib. 49, No. 8, 17 (2006).

Adv. Space Res. (1)

S. V. Avakyan, “Space Solar Patrol absolute measurements of ionizing solar radiation,” in Thirty-fifth Scientific Assembly of COSPAR, Paris, France, 18-25 July 2004. Adv. Space Res. 37, Issue 2, 297 (2006).
[Crossref]

Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR (1)

A. M. Tyutikov and A. I. Efremov, “Secondary-electron multipliers for recording long-wavelength x-radiation,” Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 118, 286 (1958).

Geomag. Aéron. (2)

Ya. Lashtovichka, “Spillage of hard electrons (E=20-150keV) at middle latitudes,” Geomag. Aéron. 20, 880 (1980).

S. V. Avakyan, “Physics of sun-earth communications: results, problems, and new approaches,” Geomag. Aéron. 48, No. 4, 1 (2008).

Geomag. Aéronomiya (1)

S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, L. N. Gershun, A. I. Efremov, R. V. Kushnerevskiĭ, I. N. Odintsova, L. N. Leshchenko, V. S. Petrov, and G. V. Sazonov, “Ionizing radiation of the sun from the data of the Kosmos-381 satellite and its influence on the ionosphere,” Geomag. Aéronomiya 13, 922 (1973).

Iskusst. Sputniki Zemli (3)

Yu. A. Shuba, A. M. Tyutikov, and A. M. Sorokin, “Photocathodes for studying the short-wavelength radiation of the sun,” Iskusst. Sputniki Zemli 10, 55 (1961).

A. I. Efremov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. A. Ivanov, V. N. Nikiforov, and O. N. Efimov, “Filter apparatus for studying the short-wavelength radiation of the sun,” Iskusst. Sputniki Zemli 10, 48 (1961).

A. I. Efremov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. A. Ivanov, O. N. Efimov, and A. A. Lebedev, “Study of the short-wavelength radiation of the sun,” Iskusst. Sputniki Zemli 10, 3 (1961).

Issled. Geomag. Aéron. (2)

S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, A. I. Efremov, I. A. Krinberg, A. P. Kulakov, V. S. Petrov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, G. V. Sazonov, and Yu. N. Shaulin, “Electron fluxes during the magnetic storm of December 14-15, 1970, according to the data of the Kosmos-381 satellite,” Issled. Geomag. Aéron. 32, 158 (1974).

A. I. Efremov, S. V. Avakyan, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. P. Bolgartseva, L. N. Gershun, M. A. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, and G. V. Sazonov, “Absolute radiation fluxes of the quiet sun in the 121.6-0.45-nm range,” Issled. Geomag. Aéron. 32, 162 (1974).

Issled. Geomag. Aéron. Fiz. Solntsa (1)

A. I. Efremov, S. V. Avakyan, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. P. Bolgartseva, G. V. Sazonov, V. S. Petrov, and L. N. Gershun, “Study of the electron fluxes on the Kosmos-381 satellite and their influence on the state of the ionosphere,” Issled. Geomag. Aéron. Fiz. Solntsa 30, 226 (1974).

Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Ser. Prib. (1)

S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, I. A. Zotkin, D. A. Chernikov, V. F. Pindryuin, A. D. Nikolenko, V. V. Lyakh, A. A. Legkodymov, I. V. Poletaev, and M. A. Kholopov, “Results of preparation for calibration testing of the Space Solar Patrol apparatus on a synchrotron source,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Ser. Prib. 49, No. 8, 17 (2006).

Nauchn. Prib. (1)

S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, V. G. Bogdanov, V. S. Bortkevich, A. S. Bystrov, and N. A. Voronin, “New approaches to the formation of the recording channel in the devices of the Space Solar Patrol,” Nauchn. Prib. 13, No. 2, 34 (2003).

Nauka i Tekhnika: Voprosy Istorii i Teorii (1)

V. N. Kupriyanov, “On the history of the creation of the first device for measuring the solar radiation in vacuum of the x-ray and UV spectral regions from on board a satellite,” Nauka i Tekhnika: Voprosy Istorii i Teorii 13, 135 (1997).

Novosti Kosmonavtiki (1)

V. N. Kupriyanov, “The first device for measuring the radiation of the sun from on board a satellite,” Novosti Kosmonavtiki 14, No. 10 (261), 70 (2004).

Opt. Spectrosc. (2)

A. P. Lukirskiĭ, M. A. Rumsh, and L. A. Smirnov, “Measuring the photoelectric output for ultrasoft x-radiation,” Opt. Spectrosc. 9, 505 (1960).

A. P. Lukirskiĭ, M. A. Rumsh, and I. A. Karpovich, “Measuring the photoelectric output of the external photoelectric effect under the action of x-radiation in the wavelength region from 1.54to13.3Å,” Opt. Spectrosc. 9, 653 (1960).

Opt. Zh. (7)

S. V. Avakyan, N. A. Voronin, A. I. Efremov, A. P. Ivanov, M. L. Ivanova, É. V. Kuvaldin, and A. V. Savushkin, “Methodology and equipment for space-based monitoring of ionizing solar radiation,” Opt. Zh. 65, No. 12, 124 (1998) S. V. Avakyan, N. A. Voronin, A. I. Efremov, A. P. Ivanov, M. L. Ivanova, É. V. Kuvaldin, and A. V. Savushkin [J. Opt. Technol. 65, 1054 (1998)].

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev, “Developing apparatus for permanent space patrol of the ionizing radiation of the sun,” Opt. Zh. 68, No. 6, 54 (2001) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, A. P. Ivanov, V. N. Kornilov, É. V. Kuvaldin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, E. F. Lekhanov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, N. N. Timofeev, and É. A. Yakovlev [J. Opt. Technol. 68, 421 (2001)].

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, N. B. Leonov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, and É. A. Yakovlev, “Development of an x-ray spectrometer for a Space Solar Patrol,” Opt. Zh. 69, No. 11, 36 (2002) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, N. B. Leonov, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, and É. A. Yakovlev [J. Opt. Technol. 69, 818 (2002)].

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, É. V. Kuvaldin, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, and A. E. Serova, “Laboratory studies of apparatus for monitoring ionizing solar radiation from space,” Opt. Zh. 68, No. 2, 5 (2001) S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, M. L. Lebedinskaya, N. B. Leonov, É. V. Kuvaldin, E. P. Savinov, A. V. Savushkin, and A. E. Serova [J. Opt. Technol. 68, 81 (2001)].

S. V. Avakyan, “Microwave radiation of the ionosphere as a factor in the way solar flares and geomagnetic storms act on biosystems,” Opt. Zh. 72, No. 8, 41 (2005) S. V. Avakyan [J. Opt. Technol. 72, 608 (2005)].

Yu. N. Gnedin, A. A. Solov'ev, and S. V. Avakyan, “Space Solar Patrol and some fundamental questions of astrophysics, solar physics, and geophysics,” Opt. Zh. 73, No. 4., 5 (2006) Yu. N. Gnedin, A. A. Solov'ev, and S. V. Avakyan [J. Opt. Technol. 73, 218 (2006)].

S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, I. A. Zotkin, and D. A. Chernikov, “Space Solar Patrol and problems of space weather,” Opt. Zh. 73, No. 4, 10 (2006) S. V. Avakyan, I. M. Afanas'ev, N. A. Voronin, I. A. Zotkin, and D. A. Chernikov [J. Opt. Technol. 73, 222 (2006)].

Planet. Space Sci. (1)

H. A. Garcia, “Energetic electron pitch angle distribution parameters at 6.6 Re, as deduced from GOES x-ray observations,” Planet. Space Sci. 44, 473 (1996).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

S. V. Avakyan, E. P. Andreev, I. M. Afanasnev, N. B. Leonov, A. V. Savushkin, A. E. Serova, and N. A. Voronin, “Creating of the permanent Space Patrol of ionizing solar radiation,” Proc. SPIE 4853, 600 (2002).
[Crossref]

Usp. Fiz. Nauk (1)

S. L. Mandel'shtam and A. I. Efremov, “Studies of the short-wavelength UV radiation of the sun,” Usp. Fiz. Nauk 63, 163 (1957).

Other (18)

V. N. Kupriyanov, “On the solar wind,” St. Petersburg State University, 1998, No. 9 (3476), pp. 16-18.

V. N. Kupriyanov, “The apparatus of the S. I. Vavilov State Optical Institute for studying x-rays and UV radiation on spacecraft,” in Second Utinskiĭ Lectures: Transactions of the All-Russia Scientific-Technical Conference, St. Petersburg, Baltic State Tech. Univ., 2005, pp. 74-82.

A. I. Yefremov, A. L. Podmoshensky, O. N. Yefimov, and A. A. Lebedev, “Investigation of solar x-rays and Lyman alpha radiation on August 19-20, 1960,” in Space Research III, Proceedings of the Third International Space Science Symposium, Washington. D.C., May 2-8, 1962 (North Holland Publishing company, Amsterdam, 1963), pp. 843-854.

A. I. Efremov and V. N. Kupriyanov, “Development of apparatus and studies of x-rays and UV radiation of the sun, UV radiation of the stars and of the disks of the earth and moon from orbital spacecraft and complexes,” in Twelfth International Symposium on the History of Aviation and Cosmonautics (IIET RAN, Moscow 1999), pp. 162-163.

A. I. Efremov and A. V. Ivanov, “Optomechanical setup of grazing-incidence spectrometers,” Opt.-Mekh. Prom-st. No. 7, 30 (1973).

A. I. Efremov, E. A. Vasil'ev, and A. D. Lukasheva, “Method of adjusting spectral devices,” Opt.-Mekh. Prom-st. No. 10, 37 (1973).

A. Efremov, Yu. Zaĭtsev, and V. Mikhaĭlov, “Observatory in space,” Pravda No. 297 (18710), 10/24/1969.

Ya. Al'pert, M. Fedorov, Yu. Kushnerevskiĭ, R. Rabinovich, V. Matazov, and A. Barinov, “In orbit--the ionosond. Science extends the horizons (on the launch of the Kosmos-381 satellite),” in The Conquest of Space by the USSR. Official Reports of TASS and Materials of the Central Press, 1971 (Nauka, Moscow, 1973), pp. 126-128.

G. C. Ivanov-Kholodnyĭ and G. M. Nikol'skiĭ, The Sun and the Ionosphere (Fizmatgiz, Moscow, 1969).

D. M. Horan, R. W. Kreplin, and R. G. Taylor, “Solar x-ray emission on January 24-25, 1971,” in Data on Solar Geophysical Activity Associated with the Major Ground-Level Cosmic-Ray Events of 24 January 1971 and 1 September, 1972, Boulder, WDCA STP.1972. Report UAG-24, part 1, pp. 100-102.

S. V. Avakyan, A. I. Efremov, I. A. Krinberg, A. P. Kulakov, and A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, “Analytical form of the energy distribution of electron fluxes in the outer ionosphere,” Preprint IZMIR AN SSSR No. 22 (Nauka, Moscow, 1973).

S. V. Avakyan, Development of a Set of Processing Techniques, Its Application to Telemetric Data of Satellite Filtering Apparatus on Fluxes of Ionizing Radiation of the Sun and Electrons and Some Mechanisms of Ionizing the Upper Atmosphere (Gos. Opt. Inst., Leningrad, 1974).

S. V. Avakyan, A. I. Efremov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, G. V. Sazonov, M. A. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, L. N. Gershun, and M. P. Bolgartseva, “Ionizing fluxes in the earth's upper atmosphere,” in Collection of Articles of the Eightieth Anniversary of the Birth of A. A. Lebedev (Mashinostroenie, Leningrad, 1973), pp. 136-149.

A. I. Efremov, S. V. Avakyan, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, M. P. Bolgartseva, L. N. Gershun, M. A. Ivanov, V. S. Petrov, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, and G. V. Sazonov, “Radiation fluxes of the quiet sun in the range 121.6-0.45nm,” Preprint IZMIR AN SSSR No. 23 (Nauka, Moscow, 1973).

S. V. Avakyan, A. I. Vdovin, and V. F. Pustarnakov, Ionizing and Penetrating Radiation in Near-Earth Space (Gidrometeoizdat, St. Petersburg, 1994).

A. I. Lazarev, V. V. Kovalenok, A. S. Ivanchenkov, and S. V. Avakyan, The Earth's Atmosphere from Salyut-6 (Gidrometeoizdat, Leningrad, 1981).

S. Avakyan, M. Van Esbeek, A. Milintchouk, E. Kuvaldin, N. Leonov, M. Lebedinskaya, A. Polsak, A. Serova, and N. Voronin, “Ground test of x-ray monitor device for flights on boards of satellites,” in Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium on Materials in Space Environment, Fifth International Conference on Protection of Materials and Structures from the LEO Space Environment, France, Arcachon, June 2000, pp. 17-23.

S. V. Avakyan, “Apparatus for continuous monitoring of soft x-rays and the far UV radiation of the sun,” Astronomical Calendar for 2007, ed. I.I.Kanaeva (GAO RAN, St. Petersburg), pp. 165-167.

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