Abstract

This paper discusses the role of a new anthropogenic factor of weather-and-climate changes, consisting of experimentally detectable intrusions of electrons from the radiation belts into the ionosphere when powerful radio transmitters operate at cyclotron frequencies.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. V. L. Krauklis, G. A. Nikol'skiĭ, M. M. Safronova, and É. O. Shul'ts, “Concerning the conditions for the appearance of anomalous features of the aerosol attenuation of UV radiation accompanying high transparency of the atmosphere,” Optika Atm. 3, 227 (1990).
  2. G. A. Nikol'skiĭ and É. O. Shul'ts, “Spectral-temporal variations of the residual attenuation in the near-UV,” Optika Atm. 4, 961 (1991).
  3. S. V. Avakyan and N. A. Voronin, “Condensation process in the low atmosphere and microwave radiation of the sun and ionosphere,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on the Problem of Geocosmos, 2006, St. Petersburg State University, pp. 24-28.
  4. S. V. Avakyan and N. A. Voronin, “Possible mechanisms for the influence of heliogeophysical activity on the biosphere and the weather,” Opt. Zh. 73, No. 4, 78 (2006) S. V. Avakyan and N. A. Voronin,[J. Opt. Technol. 73, 281 (2006)].
  5. D. R. Bates, “Electron-ion recombination in an ambient molecular gas,” J. Phys. B 14, 3525 (1981).
  6. K. G. Ivanov, “Correlation between tropical cyclones and magnetic storms in the 23-yrcycle of solar activity,” Geomagn. Aéronomiya 47, 394 (2007).
  7. J. Kirkby and A. Laaksonen, “Solar variability and clouds,” Space Sci. Rev. 94, 397 (2000).
  8. G. S. Golitsyn, “Statistics and the energetics of tropical cyclones,” Dok. Ross. Akad. Nauk 354, No. 4, 535 (1997).
  9. J.-A. Sauvaud, A. R. Maggiolo, C. Jacquey, M. Parrot, J.-J. Berthelier, R. J. Gamble, and C. J. Rodger, “Radiation-belt electron precipitation due to VLF transmitters: Satellite observations,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L09101 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Parrot, J. A. Sauvaud, J. J. Berthelier, and J. P. Lebreton, “First in-situ observations of strong ionospheric perturbations generated by a powerful VLF ground-based transmitter,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 34, L11111 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. V. Avakyan, “Effect of a pulsed x-ray source on the optics of the upper atmosphere, taking into account the Auger effect,” Opt. Zh. 66, No. 4, 5 (1999) S. V. Avakyan,[J. Opt. Technol. 66, 284 (1999)].
  12. S.E.C. User Notes, Issue 28, January, 2000.
  13. Ya. Lashtovichka, “Spillages of intense electrons (E=20-150keV) at high latitudes,” Geomagn. Aéronomiya 20, 800 (1980).
  14. S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, A. I. Efremov, I. A. Krinberg, A. P. Kulakov, V. S. Petrov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, G. V. Sazonov, and Yu. N. Shaulin, “Electron fluxes during the magnetic storm of 14-15 December 1970 from the data of satellite Kosmos-381,” Issled. Geomag. Aéronomii 32, 158 (1974).
  15. S. V. Avakyan, A. I. Vdovin, and V. F. Pustarnakov, Ionizing and Penetrating Radiations in Near-Earth Space (Gidrometeoizdat, St. Petersburg, 1994).
  16. T. E. Val'chuk, Yu. I. Gal'perin, Zh. Kran'e, L. M. Nikolaenko, Zh.-A. Sovo, and Ya. I. Fel'dshteĭn, “The diffuse auroral zone. IV. Latitude map of the spillage of auroral particles into the ionosphere and the structure of the plasma layer in the tail of the magnetosphere,” Kosmich. Issled. 17, 559 (1979).
  17. S. V. Avakyan and N. A. Voronin, “On the possible physical mechanism of the action of solar and geomagnetic activity on phenomena in the lower atmosphere,” Issled. Zemli Kosmosa No. 2, 28 (2007).
  18. S. V. Avakyan, “Physics of solar-terrestrial coupling: Results, problems, and new approaches,” Geomag. Aéronomiya 48, 1 (2008).
  19. U. S. Inan, T. F. Bell, J. Bortnik, and J. M. Altbert, “Controlled precipitation of radiation belt electron,” J. Geophys. Res. 108, No. A5, 1186 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  20. D. Datlowe, “Differences between transmitter precipitation peaks and storm injection peaks in low-altitude energetic electron spectra,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, No. A12, 202 (2006).

2008 (2)

J.-A. Sauvaud, A. R. Maggiolo, C. Jacquey, M. Parrot, J.-J. Berthelier, R. J. Gamble, and C. J. Rodger, “Radiation-belt electron precipitation due to VLF transmitters: Satellite observations,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L09101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Avakyan, “Physics of solar-terrestrial coupling: Results, problems, and new approaches,” Geomag. Aéronomiya 48, 1 (2008).

2007 (2)

K. G. Ivanov, “Correlation between tropical cyclones and magnetic storms in the 23-yrcycle of solar activity,” Geomagn. Aéronomiya 47, 394 (2007).

M. Parrot, J. A. Sauvaud, J. J. Berthelier, and J. P. Lebreton, “First in-situ observations of strong ionospheric perturbations generated by a powerful VLF ground-based transmitter,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 34, L11111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

S. V. Avakyan and N. A. Voronin, “Possible mechanisms for the influence of heliogeophysical activity on the biosphere and the weather,” Opt. Zh. 73, No. 4, 78 (2006) S. V. Avakyan and N. A. Voronin,[J. Opt. Technol. 73, 281 (2006)].

S. V. Avakyan and N. A. Voronin, “Possible mechanisms for the influence of heliogeophysical activity on the biosphere and the weather,” Opt. Zh. 73, No. 4, 78 (2006) S. V. Avakyan and N. A. Voronin,[J. Opt. Technol. 73, 281 (2006)].

D. Datlowe, “Differences between transmitter precipitation peaks and storm injection peaks in low-altitude energetic electron spectra,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, No. A12, 202 (2006).

2003 (1)

U. S. Inan, T. F. Bell, J. Bortnik, and J. M. Altbert, “Controlled precipitation of radiation belt electron,” J. Geophys. Res. 108, No. A5, 1186 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

J. Kirkby and A. Laaksonen, “Solar variability and clouds,” Space Sci. Rev. 94, 397 (2000).

1999 (1)

S. V. Avakyan, “Effect of a pulsed x-ray source on the optics of the upper atmosphere, taking into account the Auger effect,” Opt. Zh. 66, No. 4, 5 (1999) S. V. Avakyan,[J. Opt. Technol. 66, 284 (1999)].

S. V. Avakyan, “Effect of a pulsed x-ray source on the optics of the upper atmosphere, taking into account the Auger effect,” Opt. Zh. 66, No. 4, 5 (1999) S. V. Avakyan,[J. Opt. Technol. 66, 284 (1999)].

1997 (1)

G. S. Golitsyn, “Statistics and the energetics of tropical cyclones,” Dok. Ross. Akad. Nauk 354, No. 4, 535 (1997).

1991 (1)

G. A. Nikol'skiĭ and É. O. Shul'ts, “Spectral-temporal variations of the residual attenuation in the near-UV,” Optika Atm. 4, 961 (1991).

1990 (1)

V. L. Krauklis, G. A. Nikol'skiĭ, M. M. Safronova, and É. O. Shul'ts, “Concerning the conditions for the appearance of anomalous features of the aerosol attenuation of UV radiation accompanying high transparency of the atmosphere,” Optika Atm. 3, 227 (1990).

1981 (1)

D. R. Bates, “Electron-ion recombination in an ambient molecular gas,” J. Phys. B 14, 3525 (1981).

1980 (1)

Ya. Lashtovichka, “Spillages of intense electrons (E=20-150keV) at high latitudes,” Geomagn. Aéronomiya 20, 800 (1980).

1979 (1)

T. E. Val'chuk, Yu. I. Gal'perin, Zh. Kran'e, L. M. Nikolaenko, Zh.-A. Sovo, and Ya. I. Fel'dshteĭn, “The diffuse auroral zone. IV. Latitude map of the spillage of auroral particles into the ionosphere and the structure of the plasma layer in the tail of the magnetosphere,” Kosmich. Issled. 17, 559 (1979).

1974 (1)

S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, A. I. Efremov, I. A. Krinberg, A. P. Kulakov, V. S. Petrov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, G. V. Sazonov, and Yu. N. Shaulin, “Electron fluxes during the magnetic storm of 14-15 December 1970 from the data of satellite Kosmos-381,” Issled. Geomag. Aéronomii 32, 158 (1974).

Altbert, J. M.

U. S. Inan, T. F. Bell, J. Bortnik, and J. M. Altbert, “Controlled precipitation of radiation belt electron,” J. Geophys. Res. 108, No. A5, 1186 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Avakyan, S. V.

S. V. Avakyan, “Physics of solar-terrestrial coupling: Results, problems, and new approaches,” Geomag. Aéronomiya 48, 1 (2008).

S. V. Avakyan and N. A. Voronin, “Possible mechanisms for the influence of heliogeophysical activity on the biosphere and the weather,” Opt. Zh. 73, No. 4, 78 (2006) S. V. Avakyan and N. A. Voronin,[J. Opt. Technol. 73, 281 (2006)].

S. V. Avakyan and N. A. Voronin, “Possible mechanisms for the influence of heliogeophysical activity on the biosphere and the weather,” Opt. Zh. 73, No. 4, 78 (2006) S. V. Avakyan and N. A. Voronin,[J. Opt. Technol. 73, 281 (2006)].

S. V. Avakyan, “Effect of a pulsed x-ray source on the optics of the upper atmosphere, taking into account the Auger effect,” Opt. Zh. 66, No. 4, 5 (1999) S. V. Avakyan,[J. Opt. Technol. 66, 284 (1999)].

S. V. Avakyan, “Effect of a pulsed x-ray source on the optics of the upper atmosphere, taking into account the Auger effect,” Opt. Zh. 66, No. 4, 5 (1999) S. V. Avakyan,[J. Opt. Technol. 66, 284 (1999)].

S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, A. I. Efremov, I. A. Krinberg, A. P. Kulakov, V. S. Petrov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, G. V. Sazonov, and Yu. N. Shaulin, “Electron fluxes during the magnetic storm of 14-15 December 1970 from the data of satellite Kosmos-381,” Issled. Geomag. Aéronomii 32, 158 (1974).

S. V. Avakyan and N. A. Voronin, “Condensation process in the low atmosphere and microwave radiation of the sun and ionosphere,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on the Problem of Geocosmos, 2006, St. Petersburg State University, pp. 24-28.

S. V. Avakyan and N. A. Voronin, “On the possible physical mechanism of the action of solar and geomagnetic activity on phenomena in the lower atmosphere,” Issled. Zemli Kosmosa No. 2, 28 (2007).

S. V. Avakyan, A. I. Vdovin, and V. F. Pustarnakov, Ionizing and Penetrating Radiations in Near-Earth Space (Gidrometeoizdat, St. Petersburg, 1994).

Bates, D. R.

D. R. Bates, “Electron-ion recombination in an ambient molecular gas,” J. Phys. B 14, 3525 (1981).

Bell, T. F.

U. S. Inan, T. F. Bell, J. Bortnik, and J. M. Altbert, “Controlled precipitation of radiation belt electron,” J. Geophys. Res. 108, No. A5, 1186 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Berthelier, J. J.

M. Parrot, J. A. Sauvaud, J. J. Berthelier, and J. P. Lebreton, “First in-situ observations of strong ionospheric perturbations generated by a powerful VLF ground-based transmitter,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 34, L11111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Berthelier, J.-J.

J.-A. Sauvaud, A. R. Maggiolo, C. Jacquey, M. Parrot, J.-J. Berthelier, R. J. Gamble, and C. J. Rodger, “Radiation-belt electron precipitation due to VLF transmitters: Satellite observations,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L09101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bolgartseva, M. P.

S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, A. I. Efremov, I. A. Krinberg, A. P. Kulakov, V. S. Petrov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, G. V. Sazonov, and Yu. N. Shaulin, “Electron fluxes during the magnetic storm of 14-15 December 1970 from the data of satellite Kosmos-381,” Issled. Geomag. Aéronomii 32, 158 (1974).

Bortnik, J.

U. S. Inan, T. F. Bell, J. Bortnik, and J. M. Altbert, “Controlled precipitation of radiation belt electron,” J. Geophys. Res. 108, No. A5, 1186 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Datlowe, D.

D. Datlowe, “Differences between transmitter precipitation peaks and storm injection peaks in low-altitude energetic electron spectra,” J. Geophys. Res. 111, No. A12, 202 (2006).

Efremov, A. I.

S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, A. I. Efremov, I. A. Krinberg, A. P. Kulakov, V. S. Petrov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, G. V. Sazonov, and Yu. N. Shaulin, “Electron fluxes during the magnetic storm of 14-15 December 1970 from the data of satellite Kosmos-381,” Issled. Geomag. Aéronomii 32, 158 (1974).

Fel'dshtein, Ya. I.

T. E. Val'chuk, Yu. I. Gal'perin, Zh. Kran'e, L. M. Nikolaenko, Zh.-A. Sovo, and Ya. I. Fel'dshteĭn, “The diffuse auroral zone. IV. Latitude map of the spillage of auroral particles into the ionosphere and the structure of the plasma layer in the tail of the magnetosphere,” Kosmich. Issled. 17, 559 (1979).

Gal'perin, Yu. I.

T. E. Val'chuk, Yu. I. Gal'perin, Zh. Kran'e, L. M. Nikolaenko, Zh.-A. Sovo, and Ya. I. Fel'dshteĭn, “The diffuse auroral zone. IV. Latitude map of the spillage of auroral particles into the ionosphere and the structure of the plasma layer in the tail of the magnetosphere,” Kosmich. Issled. 17, 559 (1979).

Gamble, R. J.

J.-A. Sauvaud, A. R. Maggiolo, C. Jacquey, M. Parrot, J.-J. Berthelier, R. J. Gamble, and C. J. Rodger, “Radiation-belt electron precipitation due to VLF transmitters: Satellite observations,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L09101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Golitsyn, G. S.

G. S. Golitsyn, “Statistics and the energetics of tropical cyclones,” Dok. Ross. Akad. Nauk 354, No. 4, 535 (1997).

Inan, U. S.

U. S. Inan, T. F. Bell, J. Bortnik, and J. M. Altbert, “Controlled precipitation of radiation belt electron,” J. Geophys. Res. 108, No. A5, 1186 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, K. G.

K. G. Ivanov, “Correlation between tropical cyclones and magnetic storms in the 23-yrcycle of solar activity,” Geomagn. Aéronomiya 47, 394 (2007).

Jacquey, C.

J.-A. Sauvaud, A. R. Maggiolo, C. Jacquey, M. Parrot, J.-J. Berthelier, R. J. Gamble, and C. J. Rodger, “Radiation-belt electron precipitation due to VLF transmitters: Satellite observations,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L09101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kirkby, J.

J. Kirkby and A. Laaksonen, “Solar variability and clouds,” Space Sci. Rev. 94, 397 (2000).

Kran'e, Zh.

T. E. Val'chuk, Yu. I. Gal'perin, Zh. Kran'e, L. M. Nikolaenko, Zh.-A. Sovo, and Ya. I. Fel'dshteĭn, “The diffuse auroral zone. IV. Latitude map of the spillage of auroral particles into the ionosphere and the structure of the plasma layer in the tail of the magnetosphere,” Kosmich. Issled. 17, 559 (1979).

Krauklis, V. L.

V. L. Krauklis, G. A. Nikol'skiĭ, M. M. Safronova, and É. O. Shul'ts, “Concerning the conditions for the appearance of anomalous features of the aerosol attenuation of UV radiation accompanying high transparency of the atmosphere,” Optika Atm. 3, 227 (1990).

Krinberg, I. A.

S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, A. I. Efremov, I. A. Krinberg, A. P. Kulakov, V. S. Petrov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, G. V. Sazonov, and Yu. N. Shaulin, “Electron fluxes during the magnetic storm of 14-15 December 1970 from the data of satellite Kosmos-381,” Issled. Geomag. Aéronomii 32, 158 (1974).

Kulakov, A. P.

S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, A. I. Efremov, I. A. Krinberg, A. P. Kulakov, V. S. Petrov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, G. V. Sazonov, and Yu. N. Shaulin, “Electron fluxes during the magnetic storm of 14-15 December 1970 from the data of satellite Kosmos-381,” Issled. Geomag. Aéronomii 32, 158 (1974).

Laaksonen, A.

J. Kirkby and A. Laaksonen, “Solar variability and clouds,” Space Sci. Rev. 94, 397 (2000).

Lashtovichka, Ya.

Ya. Lashtovichka, “Spillages of intense electrons (E=20-150keV) at high latitudes,” Geomagn. Aéronomiya 20, 800 (1980).

Lebreton, J. P.

M. Parrot, J. A. Sauvaud, J. J. Berthelier, and J. P. Lebreton, “First in-situ observations of strong ionospheric perturbations generated by a powerful VLF ground-based transmitter,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 34, L11111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Maggiolo, A. R.

J.-A. Sauvaud, A. R. Maggiolo, C. Jacquey, M. Parrot, J.-J. Berthelier, R. J. Gamble, and C. J. Rodger, “Radiation-belt electron precipitation due to VLF transmitters: Satellite observations,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L09101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nikolaenko, L. M.

T. E. Val'chuk, Yu. I. Gal'perin, Zh. Kran'e, L. M. Nikolaenko, Zh.-A. Sovo, and Ya. I. Fel'dshteĭn, “The diffuse auroral zone. IV. Latitude map of the spillage of auroral particles into the ionosphere and the structure of the plasma layer in the tail of the magnetosphere,” Kosmich. Issled. 17, 559 (1979).

Nikol'skii, G. A.

G. A. Nikol'skiĭ and É. O. Shul'ts, “Spectral-temporal variations of the residual attenuation in the near-UV,” Optika Atm. 4, 961 (1991).

V. L. Krauklis, G. A. Nikol'skiĭ, M. M. Safronova, and É. O. Shul'ts, “Concerning the conditions for the appearance of anomalous features of the aerosol attenuation of UV radiation accompanying high transparency of the atmosphere,” Optika Atm. 3, 227 (1990).

Parrot, M.

J.-A. Sauvaud, A. R. Maggiolo, C. Jacquey, M. Parrot, J.-J. Berthelier, R. J. Gamble, and C. J. Rodger, “Radiation-belt electron precipitation due to VLF transmitters: Satellite observations,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L09101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Parrot, J. A. Sauvaud, J. J. Berthelier, and J. P. Lebreton, “First in-situ observations of strong ionospheric perturbations generated by a powerful VLF ground-based transmitter,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 34, L11111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V. S.

S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, A. I. Efremov, I. A. Krinberg, A. P. Kulakov, V. S. Petrov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, G. V. Sazonov, and Yu. N. Shaulin, “Electron fluxes during the magnetic storm of 14-15 December 1970 from the data of satellite Kosmos-381,” Issled. Geomag. Aéronomii 32, 158 (1974).

Podmoshenskii, A. L.

S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, A. I. Efremov, I. A. Krinberg, A. P. Kulakov, V. S. Petrov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, G. V. Sazonov, and Yu. N. Shaulin, “Electron fluxes during the magnetic storm of 14-15 December 1970 from the data of satellite Kosmos-381,” Issled. Geomag. Aéronomii 32, 158 (1974).

Pribylovskii, I. M.

S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, A. I. Efremov, I. A. Krinberg, A. P. Kulakov, V. S. Petrov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, G. V. Sazonov, and Yu. N. Shaulin, “Electron fluxes during the magnetic storm of 14-15 December 1970 from the data of satellite Kosmos-381,” Issled. Geomag. Aéronomii 32, 158 (1974).

Pustarnakov, V. F.

S. V. Avakyan, A. I. Vdovin, and V. F. Pustarnakov, Ionizing and Penetrating Radiations in Near-Earth Space (Gidrometeoizdat, St. Petersburg, 1994).

Rodger, C. J.

J.-A. Sauvaud, A. R. Maggiolo, C. Jacquey, M. Parrot, J.-J. Berthelier, R. J. Gamble, and C. J. Rodger, “Radiation-belt electron precipitation due to VLF transmitters: Satellite observations,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L09101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Safronova, M. M.

V. L. Krauklis, G. A. Nikol'skiĭ, M. M. Safronova, and É. O. Shul'ts, “Concerning the conditions for the appearance of anomalous features of the aerosol attenuation of UV radiation accompanying high transparency of the atmosphere,” Optika Atm. 3, 227 (1990).

Sauvaud, J. A.

M. Parrot, J. A. Sauvaud, J. J. Berthelier, and J. P. Lebreton, “First in-situ observations of strong ionospheric perturbations generated by a powerful VLF ground-based transmitter,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 34, L11111 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sauvaud, J.-A.

J.-A. Sauvaud, A. R. Maggiolo, C. Jacquey, M. Parrot, J.-J. Berthelier, R. J. Gamble, and C. J. Rodger, “Radiation-belt electron precipitation due to VLF transmitters: Satellite observations,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L09101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sazonov, G. V.

S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, A. I. Efremov, I. A. Krinberg, A. P. Kulakov, V. S. Petrov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, G. V. Sazonov, and Yu. N. Shaulin, “Electron fluxes during the magnetic storm of 14-15 December 1970 from the data of satellite Kosmos-381,” Issled. Geomag. Aéronomii 32, 158 (1974).

Shaulin, Yu. N.

S. V. Avakyan, M. P. Bolgartseva, A. I. Efremov, I. A. Krinberg, A. P. Kulakov, V. S. Petrov, A. L. Podmoshenskiĭ, I. M. Pribylovskiĭ, G. V. Sazonov, and Yu. N. Shaulin, “Electron fluxes during the magnetic storm of 14-15 December 1970 from the data of satellite Kosmos-381,” Issled. Geomag. Aéronomii 32, 158 (1974).

Shul'ts, É. O.

G. A. Nikol'skiĭ and É. O. Shul'ts, “Spectral-temporal variations of the residual attenuation in the near-UV,” Optika Atm. 4, 961 (1991).

V. L. Krauklis, G. A. Nikol'skiĭ, M. M. Safronova, and É. O. Shul'ts, “Concerning the conditions for the appearance of anomalous features of the aerosol attenuation of UV radiation accompanying high transparency of the atmosphere,” Optika Atm. 3, 227 (1990).

Sovo, Zh.-A.

T. E. Val'chuk, Yu. I. Gal'perin, Zh. Kran'e, L. M. Nikolaenko, Zh.-A. Sovo, and Ya. I. Fel'dshteĭn, “The diffuse auroral zone. IV. Latitude map of the spillage of auroral particles into the ionosphere and the structure of the plasma layer in the tail of the magnetosphere,” Kosmich. Issled. 17, 559 (1979).

Val'chuk, T. E.

T. E. Val'chuk, Yu. I. Gal'perin, Zh. Kran'e, L. M. Nikolaenko, Zh.-A. Sovo, and Ya. I. Fel'dshteĭn, “The diffuse auroral zone. IV. Latitude map of the spillage of auroral particles into the ionosphere and the structure of the plasma layer in the tail of the magnetosphere,” Kosmich. Issled. 17, 559 (1979).

Vdovin, A. I.

S. V. Avakyan, A. I. Vdovin, and V. F. Pustarnakov, Ionizing and Penetrating Radiations in Near-Earth Space (Gidrometeoizdat, St. Petersburg, 1994).

Voronin, N. A.

S. V. Avakyan and N. A. Voronin, “Possible mechanisms for the influence of heliogeophysical activity on the biosphere and the weather,” Opt. Zh. 73, No. 4, 78 (2006) S. V. Avakyan and N. A. Voronin,[J. Opt. Technol. 73, 281 (2006)].

S. V. Avakyan and N. A. Voronin, “Possible mechanisms for the influence of heliogeophysical activity on the biosphere and the weather,” Opt. Zh. 73, No. 4, 78 (2006) S. V. Avakyan and N. A. Voronin,[J. Opt. Technol. 73, 281 (2006)].

S. V. Avakyan and N. A. Voronin, “Condensation process in the low atmosphere and microwave radiation of the sun and ionosphere,” in Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on the Problem of Geocosmos, 2006, St. Petersburg State University, pp. 24-28.

S. V. Avakyan and N. A. Voronin, “On the possible physical mechanism of the action of solar and geomagnetic activity on phenomena in the lower atmosphere,” Issled. Zemli Kosmosa No. 2, 28 (2007).

Dok. Ross. Akad. Nauk (1)

G. S. Golitsyn, “Statistics and the energetics of tropical cyclones,” Dok. Ross. Akad. Nauk 354, No. 4, 535 (1997).

Geomag. Aéronomiya (1)

S. V. Avakyan, “Physics of solar-terrestrial coupling: Results, problems, and new approaches,” Geomag. Aéronomiya 48, 1 (2008).

Geomagn. Aéronomiya (2)

K. G. Ivanov, “Correlation between tropical cyclones and magnetic storms in the 23-yrcycle of solar activity,” Geomagn. Aéronomiya 47, 394 (2007).

Ya. Lashtovichka, “Spillages of intense electrons (E=20-150keV) at high latitudes,” Geomagn. Aéronomiya 20, 800 (1980).

Geophys. Res. Lett. (2)

J.-A. Sauvaud, A. R. Maggiolo, C. Jacquey, M. Parrot, J.-J. Berthelier, R. J. Gamble, and C. J. Rodger, “Radiation-belt electron precipitation due to VLF transmitters: Satellite observations,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L09101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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S.E.C. User Notes, Issue 28, January, 2000.

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