Abstract

This paper discusses the refraction and reflection of an electromagnetic ultrashort pulse at the interface of two dielectrics on which a thin film of metamaterial is placed. The optical properties of the film are described on the basis of a model of two sorts of oscillators, one of which corresponds to the linear response to the magnetic field of the pulse, while the other corresponds to the nonlinear response to the electric field. Numerical analysis shows that it is possible for an oscillatory electromagnetic echo to appear in an inhomogeneous ensemble of meta-atoms. The observed coherent effects can be used to study the optical properties of films of metamaterials.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction,” Contemp. Phys. 45, 191 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. A. Ramakrishna, “Physics of negative refractive index materials,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 68, 449 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. V. M. Agranovich and Yu. N. Gayutshteĭn, “Spatial dispersion and negative refraction of light,” Usp. Fiz. Nauk 176, 1051 (2006) V. M. Agranovich and Yu. N. Gayutshteĭn,[Phys. Usp. 49, 1029 (2006)].
  4. V. Veselago, L. Braginsky, V. Shklover, and Ch. Hafner, “Negative refractive index materials,” J. Comp. and Theor. Nanosci. 3, 1 (2006).
  5. A. I. Maimistov and I. R. Gabitov, “Nonlinear optical effects in artificial materials,” Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics 147, No. 1, 265 (2007).
  6. N. M. Litchinitser, I. R. Gabitov, A. I. Maimistov, and V. M. Shalaev, “Negative refractive index metamaterials in optics,” in Progress in Optics, ed. E.Wolf, vol. 51, pp. 1-68 (2008).
  7. V. M. Shalaev, W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, H.-K. Yuan, A. K. Sarychev, V. P. Drachev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Negative index of refraction in optical metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 30, 3356 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. V. P. Drachev, W. Cai, U. Chettiar, H.-K. Yuan, A. K. Sarychev, A. V. Kildishev, G. Klimeck, and V. M. Shalaev, “Experimental verification of an optical negative-index material,” Laser Phys. Lett. 3, 49 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. V. M. Shalaev, W. Cai, U. Chettiar, H.-K. Yuan, A. K. Sarychev, V. P. Drachev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Negative index of refraction in optical metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 30, 3356 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. Dolling, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, “Negative index metamaterial at 780nm wavelength,” Opt. Lett. 32, 53 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, H.-K. Yuan, W. Cai, Sh. Xiao, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Dual-band negative index metamaterial: double negative at 813nm and single negative at 772nm,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1671 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, H.-K. Yuan, V. C. de Silva, A. V. Kildishev, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Metamagnetics with rainbow colors,” Opt. Express. 15, 3333 (2007).
  13. U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, Th. A. Klar, and V. M. Shalaev, “Negative index metamaterial combining magnetic resonators with metal films,” Optics Express 14, 7872 (2006).
  14. V. Lomakin, Y. Fainman, Y. Urzhumov, and G. Shvets, “Doubly negative metamaterials in the near infrared and visible regimes based on thin film nanocomposites,” Optics Express 14, 11164 (2006).
  15. T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Effective-medium theory of left-handed materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 107402 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  16. R. W. Ziolkowski and E. Heyman, “Wave propagation in media having negative permittivity and permeability,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 056625 (2001).
  17. R. W. Ziolkowski, “Propagation in and scattering from a matched metamaterial having a zero index of refraction,” Phys. Rev. E 70, 046608 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  18. I. R. Gabitov, R. A. Indik, N. M. Litchinitser, A. I. Maimistov, V. M. Shalaev, and J. E. Soneson, “Double-resonant optical materials with embedded metal nanostructures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 535 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  19. D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  20. N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electric coupling to the magnetic resonance of split-ring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2943 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  21. R. W. Gould, “Echoes in collision-free plasma,” Phys. Lett. A 25, 559 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  22. R. W. Gould, T. M. O'Neil, and J. H. Malmberg, “Plasma wave echo,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 19, 219 (1967).
    [CrossRef]

2007 (4)

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, H.-K. Yuan, V. C. de Silva, A. V. Kildishev, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Metamagnetics with rainbow colors,” Opt. Express. 15, 3333 (2007).

A. I. Maimistov and I. R. Gabitov, “Nonlinear optical effects in artificial materials,” Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics 147, No. 1, 265 (2007).

G. Dolling, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, “Negative index metamaterial at 780nm wavelength,” Opt. Lett. 32, 53 (2007).
[CrossRef]

U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, H.-K. Yuan, W. Cai, Sh. Xiao, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Dual-band negative index metamaterial: double negative at 813nm and single negative at 772nm,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1671 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (6)

I. R. Gabitov, R. A. Indik, N. M. Litchinitser, A. I. Maimistov, V. M. Shalaev, and J. E. Soneson, “Double-resonant optical materials with embedded metal nanostructures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 535 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Drachev, W. Cai, U. Chettiar, H.-K. Yuan, A. K. Sarychev, A. V. Kildishev, G. Klimeck, and V. M. Shalaev, “Experimental verification of an optical negative-index material,” Laser Phys. Lett. 3, 49 (2006).
[CrossRef]

U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, Th. A. Klar, and V. M. Shalaev, “Negative index metamaterial combining magnetic resonators with metal films,” Optics Express 14, 7872 (2006).

V. Lomakin, Y. Fainman, Y. Urzhumov, and G. Shvets, “Doubly negative metamaterials in the near infrared and visible regimes based on thin film nanocomposites,” Optics Express 14, 11164 (2006).

V. M. Agranovich and Yu. N. Gayutshteĭn, “Spatial dispersion and negative refraction of light,” Usp. Fiz. Nauk 176, 1051 (2006) V. M. Agranovich and Yu. N. Gayutshteĭn,[Phys. Usp. 49, 1029 (2006)].

V. M. Agranovich and Yu. N. Gayutshteĭn, “Spatial dispersion and negative refraction of light,” Usp. Fiz. Nauk 176, 1051 (2006) V. M. Agranovich and Yu. N. Gayutshteĭn,[Phys. Usp. 49, 1029 (2006)].

V. Veselago, L. Braginsky, V. Shklover, and Ch. Hafner, “Negative refractive index materials,” J. Comp. and Theor. Nanosci. 3, 1 (2006).

2005 (3)

2004 (4)

N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electric coupling to the magnetic resonance of split-ring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2943 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Ziolkowski, “Propagation in and scattering from a matched metamaterial having a zero index of refraction,” Phys. Rev. E 70, 046608 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction,” Contemp. Phys. 45, 191 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Effective-medium theory of left-handed materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 107402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

R. W. Ziolkowski and E. Heyman, “Wave propagation in media having negative permittivity and permeability,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 056625 (2001).

1967 (2)

R. W. Gould, “Echoes in collision-free plasma,” Phys. Lett. A 25, 559 (1967).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Gould, T. M. O'Neil, and J. H. Malmberg, “Plasma wave echo,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 19, 219 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Agranovich, V. M.

V. M. Agranovich and Yu. N. Gayutshteĭn, “Spatial dispersion and negative refraction of light,” Usp. Fiz. Nauk 176, 1051 (2006) V. M. Agranovich and Yu. N. Gayutshteĭn,[Phys. Usp. 49, 1029 (2006)].

V. M. Agranovich and Yu. N. Gayutshteĭn, “Spatial dispersion and negative refraction of light,” Usp. Fiz. Nauk 176, 1051 (2006) V. M. Agranovich and Yu. N. Gayutshteĭn,[Phys. Usp. 49, 1029 (2006)].

Braginsky, L.

V. Veselago, L. Braginsky, V. Shklover, and Ch. Hafner, “Negative refractive index materials,” J. Comp. and Theor. Nanosci. 3, 1 (2006).

Cai, W.

Chettiar, U.

V. P. Drachev, W. Cai, U. Chettiar, H.-K. Yuan, A. K. Sarychev, A. V. Kildishev, G. Klimeck, and V. M. Shalaev, “Experimental verification of an optical negative-index material,” Laser Phys. Lett. 3, 49 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Shalaev, W. Cai, U. Chettiar, H.-K. Yuan, A. K. Sarychev, V. P. Drachev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Negative index of refraction in optical metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 30, 3356 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chettiar, U. K.

U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, H.-K. Yuan, W. Cai, Sh. Xiao, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Dual-band negative index metamaterial: double negative at 813nm and single negative at 772nm,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1671 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, H.-K. Yuan, V. C. de Silva, A. V. Kildishev, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Metamagnetics with rainbow colors,” Opt. Express. 15, 3333 (2007).

U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, Th. A. Klar, and V. M. Shalaev, “Negative index metamaterial combining magnetic resonators with metal films,” Optics Express 14, 7872 (2006).

V. M. Shalaev, W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, H.-K. Yuan, A. K. Sarychev, V. P. Drachev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Negative index of refraction in optical metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 30, 3356 (2005).
[CrossRef]

de Silva, V. C.

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, H.-K. Yuan, V. C. de Silva, A. V. Kildishev, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Metamagnetics with rainbow colors,” Opt. Express. 15, 3333 (2007).

Dolling, G.

Drachev, V. P.

Economou, E. N.

N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electric coupling to the magnetic resonance of split-ring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2943 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Effective-medium theory of left-handed materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 107402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fainman, Y.

V. Lomakin, Y. Fainman, Y. Urzhumov, and G. Shvets, “Doubly negative metamaterials in the near infrared and visible regimes based on thin film nanocomposites,” Optics Express 14, 11164 (2006).

Gabitov, I. R.

A. I. Maimistov and I. R. Gabitov, “Nonlinear optical effects in artificial materials,” Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics 147, No. 1, 265 (2007).

I. R. Gabitov, R. A. Indik, N. M. Litchinitser, A. I. Maimistov, V. M. Shalaev, and J. E. Soneson, “Double-resonant optical materials with embedded metal nanostructures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 535 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. M. Litchinitser, I. R. Gabitov, A. I. Maimistov, and V. M. Shalaev, “Negative refractive index metamaterials in optics,” in Progress in Optics, ed. E.Wolf, vol. 51, pp. 1-68 (2008).

Gayutshtein, Yu. N.

V. M. Agranovich and Yu. N. Gayutshteĭn, “Spatial dispersion and negative refraction of light,” Usp. Fiz. Nauk 176, 1051 (2006) V. M. Agranovich and Yu. N. Gayutshteĭn,[Phys. Usp. 49, 1029 (2006)].

V. M. Agranovich and Yu. N. Gayutshteĭn, “Spatial dispersion and negative refraction of light,” Usp. Fiz. Nauk 176, 1051 (2006) V. M. Agranovich and Yu. N. Gayutshteĭn,[Phys. Usp. 49, 1029 (2006)].

Gould, R. W.

R. W. Gould, T. M. O'Neil, and J. H. Malmberg, “Plasma wave echo,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 19, 219 (1967).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Gould, “Echoes in collision-free plasma,” Phys. Lett. A 25, 559 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Hafner, Ch.

V. Veselago, L. Braginsky, V. Shklover, and Ch. Hafner, “Negative refractive index materials,” J. Comp. and Theor. Nanosci. 3, 1 (2006).

Heyman, E.

R. W. Ziolkowski and E. Heyman, “Wave propagation in media having negative permittivity and permeability,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 056625 (2001).

Indik, R. A.

Kafesaki, M.

N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electric coupling to the magnetic resonance of split-ring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2943 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Effective-medium theory of left-handed materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 107402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Katsarakis, N.

N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electric coupling to the magnetic resonance of split-ring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2943 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kildishev, A. V.

U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, H.-K. Yuan, W. Cai, Sh. Xiao, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Dual-band negative index metamaterial: double negative at 813nm and single negative at 772nm,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1671 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, H.-K. Yuan, V. C. de Silva, A. V. Kildishev, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Metamagnetics with rainbow colors,” Opt. Express. 15, 3333 (2007).

V. P. Drachev, W. Cai, U. Chettiar, H.-K. Yuan, A. K. Sarychev, A. V. Kildishev, G. Klimeck, and V. M. Shalaev, “Experimental verification of an optical negative-index material,” Laser Phys. Lett. 3, 49 (2006).
[CrossRef]

U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, Th. A. Klar, and V. M. Shalaev, “Negative index metamaterial combining magnetic resonators with metal films,” Optics Express 14, 7872 (2006).

V. M. Shalaev, W. Cai, U. Chettiar, H.-K. Yuan, A. K. Sarychev, V. P. Drachev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Negative index of refraction in optical metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 30, 3356 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Shalaev, W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, H.-K. Yuan, A. K. Sarychev, V. P. Drachev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Negative index of refraction in optical metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 30, 3356 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Klar, Th. A.

U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, Th. A. Klar, and V. M. Shalaev, “Negative index metamaterial combining magnetic resonators with metal films,” Optics Express 14, 7872 (2006).

Klimeck, G.

V. P. Drachev, W. Cai, U. Chettiar, H.-K. Yuan, A. K. Sarychev, A. V. Kildishev, G. Klimeck, and V. M. Shalaev, “Experimental verification of an optical negative-index material,” Laser Phys. Lett. 3, 49 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Koschny, T.

T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Effective-medium theory of left-handed materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 107402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electric coupling to the magnetic resonance of split-ring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2943 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Linden, S.

Litchinitser, N. M.

I. R. Gabitov, R. A. Indik, N. M. Litchinitser, A. I. Maimistov, V. M. Shalaev, and J. E. Soneson, “Double-resonant optical materials with embedded metal nanostructures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 535 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. M. Litchinitser, I. R. Gabitov, A. I. Maimistov, and V. M. Shalaev, “Negative refractive index metamaterials in optics,” in Progress in Optics, ed. E.Wolf, vol. 51, pp. 1-68 (2008).

Lomakin, V.

V. Lomakin, Y. Fainman, Y. Urzhumov, and G. Shvets, “Doubly negative metamaterials in the near infrared and visible regimes based on thin film nanocomposites,” Optics Express 14, 11164 (2006).

Maimistov, A. I.

A. I. Maimistov and I. R. Gabitov, “Nonlinear optical effects in artificial materials,” Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics 147, No. 1, 265 (2007).

I. R. Gabitov, R. A. Indik, N. M. Litchinitser, A. I. Maimistov, V. M. Shalaev, and J. E. Soneson, “Double-resonant optical materials with embedded metal nanostructures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 535 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. M. Litchinitser, I. R. Gabitov, A. I. Maimistov, and V. M. Shalaev, “Negative refractive index metamaterials in optics,” in Progress in Optics, ed. E.Wolf, vol. 51, pp. 1-68 (2008).

Malmberg, J. H.

R. W. Gould, T. M. O'Neil, and J. H. Malmberg, “Plasma wave echo,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 19, 219 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Markos, P.

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

O'Neil, T. M.

R. W. Gould, T. M. O'Neil, and J. H. Malmberg, “Plasma wave echo,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 19, 219 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J. B.

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction,” Contemp. Phys. 45, 191 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ramakrishna, S. A.

S. A. Ramakrishna, “Physics of negative refractive index materials,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 68, 449 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sarychev, A. K.

Schultz, S.

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shalaev, V. M.

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, H.-K. Yuan, V. C. de Silva, A. V. Kildishev, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Metamagnetics with rainbow colors,” Opt. Express. 15, 3333 (2007).

U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, H.-K. Yuan, W. Cai, Sh. Xiao, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Dual-band negative index metamaterial: double negative at 813nm and single negative at 772nm,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1671 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. R. Gabitov, R. A. Indik, N. M. Litchinitser, A. I. Maimistov, V. M. Shalaev, and J. E. Soneson, “Double-resonant optical materials with embedded metal nanostructures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 535 (2006).
[CrossRef]

U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, Th. A. Klar, and V. M. Shalaev, “Negative index metamaterial combining magnetic resonators with metal films,” Optics Express 14, 7872 (2006).

V. P. Drachev, W. Cai, U. Chettiar, H.-K. Yuan, A. K. Sarychev, A. V. Kildishev, G. Klimeck, and V. M. Shalaev, “Experimental verification of an optical negative-index material,” Laser Phys. Lett. 3, 49 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Shalaev, W. Cai, U. Chettiar, H.-K. Yuan, A. K. Sarychev, V. P. Drachev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Negative index of refraction in optical metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 30, 3356 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Shalaev, W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, H.-K. Yuan, A. K. Sarychev, V. P. Drachev, and A. V. Kildishev, “Negative index of refraction in optical metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 30, 3356 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. M. Litchinitser, I. R. Gabitov, A. I. Maimistov, and V. M. Shalaev, “Negative refractive index metamaterials in optics,” in Progress in Optics, ed. E.Wolf, vol. 51, pp. 1-68 (2008).

Shklover, V.

V. Veselago, L. Braginsky, V. Shklover, and Ch. Hafner, “Negative refractive index materials,” J. Comp. and Theor. Nanosci. 3, 1 (2006).

Shvets, G.

V. Lomakin, Y. Fainman, Y. Urzhumov, and G. Shvets, “Doubly negative metamaterials in the near infrared and visible regimes based on thin film nanocomposites,” Optics Express 14, 11164 (2006).

Smith, D. R.

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Soneson, J. E.

Soukoulis, C. M.

G. Dolling, M. Wegener, C. M. Soukoulis, and S. Linden, “Negative index metamaterial at 780nm wavelength,” Opt. Lett. 32, 53 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electric coupling to the magnetic resonance of split-ring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2943 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Effective-medium theory of left-handed materials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 107402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Smith, S. Schultz, P. Markos, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Determination of effective permittivity and permeability of metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients,” Phys. Rev. B 65, 195104 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Urzhumov, Y.

V. Lomakin, Y. Fainman, Y. Urzhumov, and G. Shvets, “Doubly negative metamaterials in the near infrared and visible regimes based on thin film nanocomposites,” Optics Express 14, 11164 (2006).

Veselago, V.

V. Veselago, L. Braginsky, V. Shklover, and Ch. Hafner, “Negative refractive index materials,” J. Comp. and Theor. Nanosci. 3, 1 (2006).

Wegener, M.

Xiao, Sh.

Yuan, H.-K.

Ziolkowski, R. W.

R. W. Ziolkowski, “Propagation in and scattering from a matched metamaterial having a zero index of refraction,” Phys. Rev. E 70, 046608 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Ziolkowski and E. Heyman, “Wave propagation in media having negative permittivity and permeability,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 056625 (2001).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electric coupling to the magnetic resonance of split-ring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2943 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Contemp. Phys. (1)

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction,” Contemp. Phys. 45, 191 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics (1)

A. I. Maimistov and I. R. Gabitov, “Nonlinear optical effects in artificial materials,” Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics 147, No. 1, 265 (2007).

J. Comp. and Theor. Nanosci. (1)

V. Veselago, L. Braginsky, V. Shklover, and Ch. Hafner, “Negative refractive index materials,” J. Comp. and Theor. Nanosci. 3, 1 (2006).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

V. P. Drachev, W. Cai, U. Chettiar, H.-K. Yuan, A. K. Sarychev, A. V. Kildishev, G. Klimeck, and V. M. Shalaev, “Experimental verification of an optical negative-index material,” Laser Phys. Lett. 3, 49 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express. (1)

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, H.-K. Yuan, V. C. de Silva, A. V. Kildishev, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Metamagnetics with rainbow colors,” Opt. Express. 15, 3333 (2007).

Opt. Lett. (4)

Optics Express (2)

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