Abstract

This paper shows that photon-echo, optical-nutation, and quantum-beat effects in which elliptically polarized light pulses are excited are possible in a medium whose resonance properties are determined by an ensemble of isolated two-electron quantum dots. The scatter of the uniform quantization frequencies and of the Coulomb interaction values of the electrons because the quantum dots differ in size results in inhomogeneous broadening of the resonance transitions. Numerical solutions showed that, under the conditions of the inhomogeneous broadening model introduced here, the frequency of the quantum beats is proportional to the Coulomb interaction of the electrons in a quantum dot.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. A. Kastner, “The single-electron transistor,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 64, 849 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. Jacak, P. Hawrylak, and A. Wojs, Quantum Dots (Springer, Berlin, 1998).
  3. M. R. Wegewijs and Yu. V. Nazarov, “Resonant tunneling through linear arrays of quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 4318 (1999).
  4. W. G. Van der Wiel, S. De Franceschi, J. M. Elzerman, T. Fujisawa, and S. Tarucha, “Electron transport through double quantum dots,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 1 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. I. R. Gabitov and A. I. Maimistov, “Nonlinear optical effects in artificial materials,” Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics 147, No. 1, 265 (2007).
  6. N. M. Litchinitser, I. R. Gabitov, A. I. Maimistov, and V. M. Shalaev, “Negative refractive index metamaterials in optics,” in Progress in Optics, ed. E.Wolf, vol. 51, pp. 1-68.
  7. Y. Jiang, J. Xu, W. Wang, X. Lu, X. Liu, G. Wang, and F. Li, “Second-harmonic generation investigations of Zn1−xCdxSe/ZnSe asymmetric coupled quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 125308 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. E. Yu. Perlin, “Nonlinear-optical polarization effects in quantum-dot materials,” Opt. Spektrosk. 88, 987 (2000) E. Yu. Perlin,[Opt. Spectrosc. 88, 898 (2000)].
  9. W. W. Chow, H. C. Schneider, and M. C. Phillips, “Theory of quantum-coherence phenomena in semiconductor quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 053802 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Erland, J. C. Kim, N. H. Bonadeo, D. G. Steel, D. Gammon, and D. S. Katzer, “Nonexponential photon-echo decays from nanostructures: Strongly and weakly localized degenerate exciton states,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 8497 (1999).
  11. K. Kral, Z. Khas, C. Y. Lin, and S. H. Lin, “Optical line-shape and the time-domain photon-echo measurement in semiconductor quantum dots,” Opt. Commun. 180, 271 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. V. N. Prigodin, “Mesoscopic dynamical echo in quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 546 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. O. Elyutin, E. V. Kazantseva, and A. I. Maĭmistov, “Inelastic interaction of ultrashort pulses of polarized light with an ensemble of isolated quantum dots,” Opt. Spektrosk. 90, 501 (2001) S. O. Elyutin, E. V. Kazantseva, and A. I. Maĭmistov,[Opt. Spectrosc. 90, 439 (2001)].
  14. A. I. Maĭmistov and S. O. Elyutin, “Model of the two-level quantum dots ensemble interacting with an ultrashort electromagnetic radiation pulse,” Opt. Spektrosk. 93, 274 (2002) A. I. Maĭmistov and S. O. Elyutin,[Opt. Spectrosc. 93, 257 (2002)].
  15. J. Hubbard, “Electron correlations in narrow energy bands,” Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 276, 238 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. L. McCall and E. L. Hahn, “Self-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. 183, 457 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  17. É. A. Manykin and V. V. Samartsev, Optical Echo Spectroscopy (Nauka, Moscow, 1984).

2007 (1)

I. R. Gabitov and A. I. Maimistov, “Nonlinear optical effects in artificial materials,” Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics 147, No. 1, 265 (2007).

2003 (2)

W. W. Chow, H. C. Schneider, and M. C. Phillips, “Theory of quantum-coherence phenomena in semiconductor quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 053802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. G. Van der Wiel, S. De Franceschi, J. M. Elzerman, T. Fujisawa, and S. Tarucha, “Electron transport through double quantum dots,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

A. I. Maĭmistov and S. O. Elyutin, “Model of the two-level quantum dots ensemble interacting with an ultrashort electromagnetic radiation pulse,” Opt. Spektrosk. 93, 274 (2002) A. I. Maĭmistov and S. O. Elyutin,[Opt. Spectrosc. 93, 257 (2002)].

A. I. Maĭmistov and S. O. Elyutin, “Model of the two-level quantum dots ensemble interacting with an ultrashort electromagnetic radiation pulse,” Opt. Spektrosk. 93, 274 (2002) A. I. Maĭmistov and S. O. Elyutin,[Opt. Spectrosc. 93, 257 (2002)].

2001 (2)

S. O. Elyutin, E. V. Kazantseva, and A. I. Maĭmistov, “Inelastic interaction of ultrashort pulses of polarized light with an ensemble of isolated quantum dots,” Opt. Spektrosk. 90, 501 (2001) S. O. Elyutin, E. V. Kazantseva, and A. I. Maĭmistov,[Opt. Spectrosc. 90, 439 (2001)].

S. O. Elyutin, E. V. Kazantseva, and A. I. Maĭmistov, “Inelastic interaction of ultrashort pulses of polarized light with an ensemble of isolated quantum dots,” Opt. Spektrosk. 90, 501 (2001) S. O. Elyutin, E. V. Kazantseva, and A. I. Maĭmistov,[Opt. Spectrosc. 90, 439 (2001)].

Y. Jiang, J. Xu, W. Wang, X. Lu, X. Liu, G. Wang, and F. Li, “Second-harmonic generation investigations of Zn1−xCdxSe/ZnSe asymmetric coupled quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 125308 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

E. Yu. Perlin, “Nonlinear-optical polarization effects in quantum-dot materials,” Opt. Spektrosk. 88, 987 (2000) E. Yu. Perlin,[Opt. Spectrosc. 88, 898 (2000)].

E. Yu. Perlin, “Nonlinear-optical polarization effects in quantum-dot materials,” Opt. Spektrosk. 88, 987 (2000) E. Yu. Perlin,[Opt. Spectrosc. 88, 898 (2000)].

K. Kral, Z. Khas, C. Y. Lin, and S. H. Lin, “Optical line-shape and the time-domain photon-echo measurement in semiconductor quantum dots,” Opt. Commun. 180, 271 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

J. Erland, J. C. Kim, N. H. Bonadeo, D. G. Steel, D. Gammon, and D. S. Katzer, “Nonexponential photon-echo decays from nanostructures: Strongly and weakly localized degenerate exciton states,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 8497 (1999).

M. R. Wegewijs and Yu. V. Nazarov, “Resonant tunneling through linear arrays of quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 4318 (1999).

1994 (1)

V. N. Prigodin, “Mesoscopic dynamical echo in quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 546 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

M. A. Kastner, “The single-electron transistor,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 64, 849 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

S. L. McCall and E. L. Hahn, “Self-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. 183, 457 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1963 (1)

J. Hubbard, “Electron correlations in narrow energy bands,” Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 276, 238 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Bonadeo, N. H.

J. Erland, J. C. Kim, N. H. Bonadeo, D. G. Steel, D. Gammon, and D. S. Katzer, “Nonexponential photon-echo decays from nanostructures: Strongly and weakly localized degenerate exciton states,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 8497 (1999).

Chow, W. W.

W. W. Chow, H. C. Schneider, and M. C. Phillips, “Theory of quantum-coherence phenomena in semiconductor quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 053802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

De Franceschi, S.

W. G. Van der Wiel, S. De Franceschi, J. M. Elzerman, T. Fujisawa, and S. Tarucha, “Electron transport through double quantum dots,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Elyutin, S. O.

A. I. Maĭmistov and S. O. Elyutin, “Model of the two-level quantum dots ensemble interacting with an ultrashort electromagnetic radiation pulse,” Opt. Spektrosk. 93, 274 (2002) A. I. Maĭmistov and S. O. Elyutin,[Opt. Spectrosc. 93, 257 (2002)].

A. I. Maĭmistov and S. O. Elyutin, “Model of the two-level quantum dots ensemble interacting with an ultrashort electromagnetic radiation pulse,” Opt. Spektrosk. 93, 274 (2002) A. I. Maĭmistov and S. O. Elyutin,[Opt. Spectrosc. 93, 257 (2002)].

S. O. Elyutin, E. V. Kazantseva, and A. I. Maĭmistov, “Inelastic interaction of ultrashort pulses of polarized light with an ensemble of isolated quantum dots,” Opt. Spektrosk. 90, 501 (2001) S. O. Elyutin, E. V. Kazantseva, and A. I. Maĭmistov,[Opt. Spectrosc. 90, 439 (2001)].

S. O. Elyutin, E. V. Kazantseva, and A. I. Maĭmistov, “Inelastic interaction of ultrashort pulses of polarized light with an ensemble of isolated quantum dots,” Opt. Spektrosk. 90, 501 (2001) S. O. Elyutin, E. V. Kazantseva, and A. I. Maĭmistov,[Opt. Spectrosc. 90, 439 (2001)].

Elzerman, J. M.

W. G. Van der Wiel, S. De Franceschi, J. M. Elzerman, T. Fujisawa, and S. Tarucha, “Electron transport through double quantum dots,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Erland, J.

J. Erland, J. C. Kim, N. H. Bonadeo, D. G. Steel, D. Gammon, and D. S. Katzer, “Nonexponential photon-echo decays from nanostructures: Strongly and weakly localized degenerate exciton states,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 8497 (1999).

Fujisawa, T.

W. G. Van der Wiel, S. De Franceschi, J. M. Elzerman, T. Fujisawa, and S. Tarucha, “Electron transport through double quantum dots,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gabitov, I. R.

I. R. Gabitov and A. I. Maimistov, “Nonlinear optical effects in artificial materials,” Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics 147, No. 1, 265 (2007).

N. M. Litchinitser, I. R. Gabitov, A. I. Maimistov, and V. M. Shalaev, “Negative refractive index metamaterials in optics,” in Progress in Optics, ed. E.Wolf, vol. 51, pp. 1-68.

Gammon, D.

J. Erland, J. C. Kim, N. H. Bonadeo, D. G. Steel, D. Gammon, and D. S. Katzer, “Nonexponential photon-echo decays from nanostructures: Strongly and weakly localized degenerate exciton states,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 8497 (1999).

Hahn, E. L.

S. L. McCall and E. L. Hahn, “Self-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. 183, 457 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Hawrylak, P.

L. Jacak, P. Hawrylak, and A. Wojs, Quantum Dots (Springer, Berlin, 1998).

Hubbard, J.

J. Hubbard, “Electron correlations in narrow energy bands,” Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 276, 238 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Jacak, L.

L. Jacak, P. Hawrylak, and A. Wojs, Quantum Dots (Springer, Berlin, 1998).

Jiang, Y.

Y. Jiang, J. Xu, W. Wang, X. Lu, X. Liu, G. Wang, and F. Li, “Second-harmonic generation investigations of Zn1−xCdxSe/ZnSe asymmetric coupled quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 125308 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kastner, M. A.

M. A. Kastner, “The single-electron transistor,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 64, 849 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Katzer, D. S.

J. Erland, J. C. Kim, N. H. Bonadeo, D. G. Steel, D. Gammon, and D. S. Katzer, “Nonexponential photon-echo decays from nanostructures: Strongly and weakly localized degenerate exciton states,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 8497 (1999).

Kazantseva, E. V.

S. O. Elyutin, E. V. Kazantseva, and A. I. Maĭmistov, “Inelastic interaction of ultrashort pulses of polarized light with an ensemble of isolated quantum dots,” Opt. Spektrosk. 90, 501 (2001) S. O. Elyutin, E. V. Kazantseva, and A. I. Maĭmistov,[Opt. Spectrosc. 90, 439 (2001)].

S. O. Elyutin, E. V. Kazantseva, and A. I. Maĭmistov, “Inelastic interaction of ultrashort pulses of polarized light with an ensemble of isolated quantum dots,” Opt. Spektrosk. 90, 501 (2001) S. O. Elyutin, E. V. Kazantseva, and A. I. Maĭmistov,[Opt. Spectrosc. 90, 439 (2001)].

Khas, Z.

K. Kral, Z. Khas, C. Y. Lin, and S. H. Lin, “Optical line-shape and the time-domain photon-echo measurement in semiconductor quantum dots,” Opt. Commun. 180, 271 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. C.

J. Erland, J. C. Kim, N. H. Bonadeo, D. G. Steel, D. Gammon, and D. S. Katzer, “Nonexponential photon-echo decays from nanostructures: Strongly and weakly localized degenerate exciton states,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 8497 (1999).

Kral, K.

K. Kral, Z. Khas, C. Y. Lin, and S. H. Lin, “Optical line-shape and the time-domain photon-echo measurement in semiconductor quantum dots,” Opt. Commun. 180, 271 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Li, F.

Y. Jiang, J. Xu, W. Wang, X. Lu, X. Liu, G. Wang, and F. Li, “Second-harmonic generation investigations of Zn1−xCdxSe/ZnSe asymmetric coupled quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 125308 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. Y.

K. Kral, Z. Khas, C. Y. Lin, and S. H. Lin, “Optical line-shape and the time-domain photon-echo measurement in semiconductor quantum dots,” Opt. Commun. 180, 271 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lin, S. H.

K. Kral, Z. Khas, C. Y. Lin, and S. H. Lin, “Optical line-shape and the time-domain photon-echo measurement in semiconductor quantum dots,” Opt. Commun. 180, 271 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Litchinitser, N. M.

N. M. Litchinitser, I. R. Gabitov, A. I. Maimistov, and V. M. Shalaev, “Negative refractive index metamaterials in optics,” in Progress in Optics, ed. E.Wolf, vol. 51, pp. 1-68.

Liu, X.

Y. Jiang, J. Xu, W. Wang, X. Lu, X. Liu, G. Wang, and F. Li, “Second-harmonic generation investigations of Zn1−xCdxSe/ZnSe asymmetric coupled quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 125308 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lu, X.

Y. Jiang, J. Xu, W. Wang, X. Lu, X. Liu, G. Wang, and F. Li, “Second-harmonic generation investigations of Zn1−xCdxSe/ZnSe asymmetric coupled quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 125308 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Maimistov, A. I.

I. R. Gabitov and A. I. Maimistov, “Nonlinear optical effects in artificial materials,” Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics 147, No. 1, 265 (2007).

A. I. Maĭmistov and S. O. Elyutin, “Model of the two-level quantum dots ensemble interacting with an ultrashort electromagnetic radiation pulse,” Opt. Spektrosk. 93, 274 (2002) A. I. Maĭmistov and S. O. Elyutin,[Opt. Spectrosc. 93, 257 (2002)].

A. I. Maĭmistov and S. O. Elyutin, “Model of the two-level quantum dots ensemble interacting with an ultrashort electromagnetic radiation pulse,” Opt. Spektrosk. 93, 274 (2002) A. I. Maĭmistov and S. O. Elyutin,[Opt. Spectrosc. 93, 257 (2002)].

S. O. Elyutin, E. V. Kazantseva, and A. I. Maĭmistov, “Inelastic interaction of ultrashort pulses of polarized light with an ensemble of isolated quantum dots,” Opt. Spektrosk. 90, 501 (2001) S. O. Elyutin, E. V. Kazantseva, and A. I. Maĭmistov,[Opt. Spectrosc. 90, 439 (2001)].

S. O. Elyutin, E. V. Kazantseva, and A. I. Maĭmistov, “Inelastic interaction of ultrashort pulses of polarized light with an ensemble of isolated quantum dots,” Opt. Spektrosk. 90, 501 (2001) S. O. Elyutin, E. V. Kazantseva, and A. I. Maĭmistov,[Opt. Spectrosc. 90, 439 (2001)].

N. M. Litchinitser, I. R. Gabitov, A. I. Maimistov, and V. M. Shalaev, “Negative refractive index metamaterials in optics,” in Progress in Optics, ed. E.Wolf, vol. 51, pp. 1-68.

Manykin, É. A.

É. A. Manykin and V. V. Samartsev, Optical Echo Spectroscopy (Nauka, Moscow, 1984).

McCall, S. L.

S. L. McCall and E. L. Hahn, “Self-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. 183, 457 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Nazarov, Yu. V.

M. R. Wegewijs and Yu. V. Nazarov, “Resonant tunneling through linear arrays of quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 4318 (1999).

Perlin, E. Yu.

E. Yu. Perlin, “Nonlinear-optical polarization effects in quantum-dot materials,” Opt. Spektrosk. 88, 987 (2000) E. Yu. Perlin,[Opt. Spectrosc. 88, 898 (2000)].

E. Yu. Perlin, “Nonlinear-optical polarization effects in quantum-dot materials,” Opt. Spektrosk. 88, 987 (2000) E. Yu. Perlin,[Opt. Spectrosc. 88, 898 (2000)].

Phillips, M. C.

W. W. Chow, H. C. Schneider, and M. C. Phillips, “Theory of quantum-coherence phenomena in semiconductor quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 053802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Prigodin, V. N.

V. N. Prigodin, “Mesoscopic dynamical echo in quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 546 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Samartsev, V. V.

É. A. Manykin and V. V. Samartsev, Optical Echo Spectroscopy (Nauka, Moscow, 1984).

Schneider, H. C.

W. W. Chow, H. C. Schneider, and M. C. Phillips, “Theory of quantum-coherence phenomena in semiconductor quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 053802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shalaev, V. M.

N. M. Litchinitser, I. R. Gabitov, A. I. Maimistov, and V. M. Shalaev, “Negative refractive index metamaterials in optics,” in Progress in Optics, ed. E.Wolf, vol. 51, pp. 1-68.

Steel, D. G.

J. Erland, J. C. Kim, N. H. Bonadeo, D. G. Steel, D. Gammon, and D. S. Katzer, “Nonexponential photon-echo decays from nanostructures: Strongly and weakly localized degenerate exciton states,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 8497 (1999).

Tarucha, S.

W. G. Van der Wiel, S. De Franceschi, J. M. Elzerman, T. Fujisawa, and S. Tarucha, “Electron transport through double quantum dots,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Van der Wiel, W. G.

W. G. Van der Wiel, S. De Franceschi, J. M. Elzerman, T. Fujisawa, and S. Tarucha, “Electron transport through double quantum dots,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G.

Y. Jiang, J. Xu, W. Wang, X. Lu, X. Liu, G. Wang, and F. Li, “Second-harmonic generation investigations of Zn1−xCdxSe/ZnSe asymmetric coupled quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 125308 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, W.

Y. Jiang, J. Xu, W. Wang, X. Lu, X. Liu, G. Wang, and F. Li, “Second-harmonic generation investigations of Zn1−xCdxSe/ZnSe asymmetric coupled quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 125308 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wegewijs, M. R.

M. R. Wegewijs and Yu. V. Nazarov, “Resonant tunneling through linear arrays of quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 4318 (1999).

Wojs, A.

L. Jacak, P. Hawrylak, and A. Wojs, Quantum Dots (Springer, Berlin, 1998).

Xu, J.

Y. Jiang, J. Xu, W. Wang, X. Lu, X. Liu, G. Wang, and F. Li, “Second-harmonic generation investigations of Zn1−xCdxSe/ZnSe asymmetric coupled quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 125308 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics (1)

I. R. Gabitov and A. I. Maimistov, “Nonlinear optical effects in artificial materials,” Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics 147, No. 1, 265 (2007).

Opt. Commun. (1)

K. Kral, Z. Khas, C. Y. Lin, and S. H. Lin, “Optical line-shape and the time-domain photon-echo measurement in semiconductor quantum dots,” Opt. Commun. 180, 271 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Spektrosk. (3)

S. O. Elyutin, E. V. Kazantseva, and A. I. Maĭmistov, “Inelastic interaction of ultrashort pulses of polarized light with an ensemble of isolated quantum dots,” Opt. Spektrosk. 90, 501 (2001) S. O. Elyutin, E. V. Kazantseva, and A. I. Maĭmistov,[Opt. Spectrosc. 90, 439 (2001)].

A. I. Maĭmistov and S. O. Elyutin, “Model of the two-level quantum dots ensemble interacting with an ultrashort electromagnetic radiation pulse,” Opt. Spektrosk. 93, 274 (2002) A. I. Maĭmistov and S. O. Elyutin,[Opt. Spectrosc. 93, 257 (2002)].

E. Yu. Perlin, “Nonlinear-optical polarization effects in quantum-dot materials,” Opt. Spektrosk. 88, 987 (2000) E. Yu. Perlin,[Opt. Spectrosc. 88, 898 (2000)].

Phys. Rev. (1)

S. L. McCall and E. L. Hahn, “Self-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. 183, 457 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

W. W. Chow, H. C. Schneider, and M. C. Phillips, “Theory of quantum-coherence phenomena in semiconductor quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. A 68, 053802 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

J. Erland, J. C. Kim, N. H. Bonadeo, D. G. Steel, D. Gammon, and D. S. Katzer, “Nonexponential photon-echo decays from nanostructures: Strongly and weakly localized degenerate exciton states,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 8497 (1999).

M. R. Wegewijs and Yu. V. Nazarov, “Resonant tunneling through linear arrays of quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 4318 (1999).

Y. Jiang, J. Xu, W. Wang, X. Lu, X. Liu, G. Wang, and F. Li, “Second-harmonic generation investigations of Zn1−xCdxSe/ZnSe asymmetric coupled quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B 63, 125308 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

V. N. Prigodin, “Mesoscopic dynamical echo in quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 546 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A (1)

J. Hubbard, “Electron correlations in narrow energy bands,” Proc. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 276, 238 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (2)

W. G. Van der Wiel, S. De Franceschi, J. M. Elzerman, T. Fujisawa, and S. Tarucha, “Electron transport through double quantum dots,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 1 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Kastner, “The single-electron transistor,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 64, 849 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

L. Jacak, P. Hawrylak, and A. Wojs, Quantum Dots (Springer, Berlin, 1998).

N. M. Litchinitser, I. R. Gabitov, A. I. Maimistov, and V. M. Shalaev, “Negative refractive index metamaterials in optics,” in Progress in Optics, ed. E.Wolf, vol. 51, pp. 1-68.

É. A. Manykin and V. V. Samartsev, Optical Echo Spectroscopy (Nauka, Moscow, 1984).

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