Abstract

This paper describes a fluorescence hygrometer for measuring the microconcentration of water vapor in the stratosphere. The vacuum ultraviolet sources to be used in the hygrometer are considered. Questions of the temperature dependence of the characteristics of hydrogen and krypton glow-discharge lamps are discussed, as well as the operation of the lamps in the modulation regime. The results of laboratory and field tests of the hygrometer are presented.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. D. Kley, J. M. Russell, and C. Phillips, SPARC assessment of upper troposphere and stratosphere water vapour (WCRP-No.113, WMO/TD-No.1043S, SPARC Report No. 2, 2000).
  2. D. Kley and E. Stone, “Measurements of water vapor in the stratosphere by photodissocation with Ly-? Light,” Sci. Instrum. 49, 691 (1978).
  3. A. Terenin and H. Neujmin, “Photodissociation of molecules in Schumann ultraviolet,” Nature 134, No. 3381, 255 (1934).
  4. G. G. Neu?min and A. N. Terenin, “Dissociation of multiatomic molecules under the action of Schumann radiation,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR No. 4, 529 (1936).
  5. E. M. Weinstock, E. J. Hintsa, A. E. Dessler, J. F. Oliver, N. L. Hazen, J. N. Demusz, N. T. Allen, L. B. Lapson, and J. G. Anderson, “A new fast-response photofragment fluorescence hygrometer for use on the NASA ER-2 and Perseus remotely piloted aircraft,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 3544 (1994).
  6. M. Zöger, A. Afchine, N. Eicke, M.-T. Gerhards, E. Klein, D. S. McKenna, U. Mörschel, U. Schmidt, V. Tan, F. Tuitjer, T. Woyke, and C. Schiller, “Fast in situ stratospheric hygrometers: a new family of balloon-borne and airborne Lyman-alpha photofragment fluorescence hygrometers,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 1807 (1999).
  7. M. V. Kretova, M. G. Khaplanov, and V. A. Yushkov, “Resonance-fluorescence hygrometer for measuring humidity in the stratosphere,” Prib. Tekh. Éksp. No. 3, 195 (1991).
  8. A. Lykov, S. Khaykin, V. Yushkov, L. Korshunov, and F. Cocquerez, “Observation of water vapour on board long-duration super pressure balloon using FLASH-B Lyman-alpha hygrometer,” in Proceedings of the Nineteenth ESA Symposium on European Rocket and Balloon, Bad Reichenhall, Germany, 2009, pp. 159–164.
  9. G. H. Dieke and S. P. Cunningham, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 42, 187 (1952).
  10. T. Woyke, C. Schiller, U. Schmidt, T. Schober, and M. Zöger, “ZrCo as a new H2 storage and getter for Lyman-alpha radiation sources,” Appl. Opt. 34, 155 (1995).
    [PubMed]
  11. M. Zöger and F. Tuitjer, “Lampenkorper für Plasmaentladungslampen sowie Plasmaentladungslampen,” German Patent DE 197 13019 CI (1998).
  12. G. A. Volkova, L. P. Shishatskaya, and S. A. Yakovlev, “Design principles and main characteristics of low-power lamps for vacuum UV region,” Opt. Zh. No. 3, 66 (1995). [J. Opt. Technol. 62, 193 (1995)].
  13. V. L. Budovich, D. V. Budovich, and E. B. Polotnyuk, Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 76, No. 4, 140 (2006). [Tech. Phys. 51, 529 (2006)].
  14. V. L. Budovich, B. R. Meshcherov, and E. B. Polotnyuk, “Flow-through ionization chamber for measuring the radiation intensity of VUV sources,” Opt. Zh. 79, No. 8, 92 (2012). [J. Opt. Technol. 79, 92 (2012)].
  15. L. P. Shishatskaya, S. Ya. Yakovlev, and G. A. Volkova, “Gas-discharge lamps for the vacuum ultraviolet,” Opt. Zh. No. 7, 72 (1995). [J. Opt. Technol. 62, 477 (1995)].

2012 (1)

V. L. Budovich, B. R. Meshcherov, and E. B. Polotnyuk, “Flow-through ionization chamber for measuring the radiation intensity of VUV sources,” Opt. Zh. 79, No. 8, 92 (2012). [J. Opt. Technol. 79, 92 (2012)].

2006 (1)

V. L. Budovich, D. V. Budovich, and E. B. Polotnyuk, Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 76, No. 4, 140 (2006). [Tech. Phys. 51, 529 (2006)].

1999 (1)

M. Zöger, A. Afchine, N. Eicke, M.-T. Gerhards, E. Klein, D. S. McKenna, U. Mörschel, U. Schmidt, V. Tan, F. Tuitjer, T. Woyke, and C. Schiller, “Fast in situ stratospheric hygrometers: a new family of balloon-borne and airborne Lyman-alpha photofragment fluorescence hygrometers,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 1807 (1999).

1995 (3)

T. Woyke, C. Schiller, U. Schmidt, T. Schober, and M. Zöger, “ZrCo as a new H2 storage and getter for Lyman-alpha radiation sources,” Appl. Opt. 34, 155 (1995).
[PubMed]

G. A. Volkova, L. P. Shishatskaya, and S. A. Yakovlev, “Design principles and main characteristics of low-power lamps for vacuum UV region,” Opt. Zh. No. 3, 66 (1995). [J. Opt. Technol. 62, 193 (1995)].

L. P. Shishatskaya, S. Ya. Yakovlev, and G. A. Volkova, “Gas-discharge lamps for the vacuum ultraviolet,” Opt. Zh. No. 7, 72 (1995). [J. Opt. Technol. 62, 477 (1995)].

1994 (1)

E. M. Weinstock, E. J. Hintsa, A. E. Dessler, J. F. Oliver, N. L. Hazen, J. N. Demusz, N. T. Allen, L. B. Lapson, and J. G. Anderson, “A new fast-response photofragment fluorescence hygrometer for use on the NASA ER-2 and Perseus remotely piloted aircraft,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 3544 (1994).

1991 (1)

M. V. Kretova, M. G. Khaplanov, and V. A. Yushkov, “Resonance-fluorescence hygrometer for measuring humidity in the stratosphere,” Prib. Tekh. Éksp. No. 3, 195 (1991).

1978 (1)

D. Kley and E. Stone, “Measurements of water vapor in the stratosphere by photodissocation with Ly-? Light,” Sci. Instrum. 49, 691 (1978).

1952 (1)

1936 (1)

G. G. Neu?min and A. N. Terenin, “Dissociation of multiatomic molecules under the action of Schumann radiation,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR No. 4, 529 (1936).

1934 (1)

A. Terenin and H. Neujmin, “Photodissociation of molecules in Schumann ultraviolet,” Nature 134, No. 3381, 255 (1934).

Afchine, A.

M. Zöger, A. Afchine, N. Eicke, M.-T. Gerhards, E. Klein, D. S. McKenna, U. Mörschel, U. Schmidt, V. Tan, F. Tuitjer, T. Woyke, and C. Schiller, “Fast in situ stratospheric hygrometers: a new family of balloon-borne and airborne Lyman-alpha photofragment fluorescence hygrometers,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 1807 (1999).

Allen, N. T.

E. M. Weinstock, E. J. Hintsa, A. E. Dessler, J. F. Oliver, N. L. Hazen, J. N. Demusz, N. T. Allen, L. B. Lapson, and J. G. Anderson, “A new fast-response photofragment fluorescence hygrometer for use on the NASA ER-2 and Perseus remotely piloted aircraft,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 3544 (1994).

Anderson, J. G.

E. M. Weinstock, E. J. Hintsa, A. E. Dessler, J. F. Oliver, N. L. Hazen, J. N. Demusz, N. T. Allen, L. B. Lapson, and J. G. Anderson, “A new fast-response photofragment fluorescence hygrometer for use on the NASA ER-2 and Perseus remotely piloted aircraft,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 3544 (1994).

Budovich, D. V.

V. L. Budovich, D. V. Budovich, and E. B. Polotnyuk, Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 76, No. 4, 140 (2006). [Tech. Phys. 51, 529 (2006)].

Budovich, V. L.

V. L. Budovich, B. R. Meshcherov, and E. B. Polotnyuk, “Flow-through ionization chamber for measuring the radiation intensity of VUV sources,” Opt. Zh. 79, No. 8, 92 (2012). [J. Opt. Technol. 79, 92 (2012)].

V. L. Budovich, D. V. Budovich, and E. B. Polotnyuk, Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 76, No. 4, 140 (2006). [Tech. Phys. 51, 529 (2006)].

Cocquerez, F.

A. Lykov, S. Khaykin, V. Yushkov, L. Korshunov, and F. Cocquerez, “Observation of water vapour on board long-duration super pressure balloon using FLASH-B Lyman-alpha hygrometer,” in Proceedings of the Nineteenth ESA Symposium on European Rocket and Balloon, Bad Reichenhall, Germany, 2009, pp. 159–164.

Cunningham, S. P.

Demusz, J. N.

E. M. Weinstock, E. J. Hintsa, A. E. Dessler, J. F. Oliver, N. L. Hazen, J. N. Demusz, N. T. Allen, L. B. Lapson, and J. G. Anderson, “A new fast-response photofragment fluorescence hygrometer for use on the NASA ER-2 and Perseus remotely piloted aircraft,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 3544 (1994).

Dessler, A. E.

E. M. Weinstock, E. J. Hintsa, A. E. Dessler, J. F. Oliver, N. L. Hazen, J. N. Demusz, N. T. Allen, L. B. Lapson, and J. G. Anderson, “A new fast-response photofragment fluorescence hygrometer for use on the NASA ER-2 and Perseus remotely piloted aircraft,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 3544 (1994).

Dieke, G. H.

Eicke, N.

M. Zöger, A. Afchine, N. Eicke, M.-T. Gerhards, E. Klein, D. S. McKenna, U. Mörschel, U. Schmidt, V. Tan, F. Tuitjer, T. Woyke, and C. Schiller, “Fast in situ stratospheric hygrometers: a new family of balloon-borne and airborne Lyman-alpha photofragment fluorescence hygrometers,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 1807 (1999).

Gerhards, M.-T.

M. Zöger, A. Afchine, N. Eicke, M.-T. Gerhards, E. Klein, D. S. McKenna, U. Mörschel, U. Schmidt, V. Tan, F. Tuitjer, T. Woyke, and C. Schiller, “Fast in situ stratospheric hygrometers: a new family of balloon-borne and airborne Lyman-alpha photofragment fluorescence hygrometers,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 1807 (1999).

Hazen, N. L.

E. M. Weinstock, E. J. Hintsa, A. E. Dessler, J. F. Oliver, N. L. Hazen, J. N. Demusz, N. T. Allen, L. B. Lapson, and J. G. Anderson, “A new fast-response photofragment fluorescence hygrometer for use on the NASA ER-2 and Perseus remotely piloted aircraft,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 3544 (1994).

Hintsa, E. J.

E. M. Weinstock, E. J. Hintsa, A. E. Dessler, J. F. Oliver, N. L. Hazen, J. N. Demusz, N. T. Allen, L. B. Lapson, and J. G. Anderson, “A new fast-response photofragment fluorescence hygrometer for use on the NASA ER-2 and Perseus remotely piloted aircraft,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 3544 (1994).

Khaplanov, M. G.

M. V. Kretova, M. G. Khaplanov, and V. A. Yushkov, “Resonance-fluorescence hygrometer for measuring humidity in the stratosphere,” Prib. Tekh. Éksp. No. 3, 195 (1991).

Khaykin, S.

A. Lykov, S. Khaykin, V. Yushkov, L. Korshunov, and F. Cocquerez, “Observation of water vapour on board long-duration super pressure balloon using FLASH-B Lyman-alpha hygrometer,” in Proceedings of the Nineteenth ESA Symposium on European Rocket and Balloon, Bad Reichenhall, Germany, 2009, pp. 159–164.

Klein, E.

M. Zöger, A. Afchine, N. Eicke, M.-T. Gerhards, E. Klein, D. S. McKenna, U. Mörschel, U. Schmidt, V. Tan, F. Tuitjer, T. Woyke, and C. Schiller, “Fast in situ stratospheric hygrometers: a new family of balloon-borne and airborne Lyman-alpha photofragment fluorescence hygrometers,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 1807 (1999).

Kley, D.

D. Kley and E. Stone, “Measurements of water vapor in the stratosphere by photodissocation with Ly-? Light,” Sci. Instrum. 49, 691 (1978).

D. Kley, J. M. Russell, and C. Phillips, SPARC assessment of upper troposphere and stratosphere water vapour (WCRP-No.113, WMO/TD-No.1043S, SPARC Report No. 2, 2000).

Korshunov, L.

A. Lykov, S. Khaykin, V. Yushkov, L. Korshunov, and F. Cocquerez, “Observation of water vapour on board long-duration super pressure balloon using FLASH-B Lyman-alpha hygrometer,” in Proceedings of the Nineteenth ESA Symposium on European Rocket and Balloon, Bad Reichenhall, Germany, 2009, pp. 159–164.

Kretova, M. V.

M. V. Kretova, M. G. Khaplanov, and V. A. Yushkov, “Resonance-fluorescence hygrometer for measuring humidity in the stratosphere,” Prib. Tekh. Éksp. No. 3, 195 (1991).

Lapson, L. B.

E. M. Weinstock, E. J. Hintsa, A. E. Dessler, J. F. Oliver, N. L. Hazen, J. N. Demusz, N. T. Allen, L. B. Lapson, and J. G. Anderson, “A new fast-response photofragment fluorescence hygrometer for use on the NASA ER-2 and Perseus remotely piloted aircraft,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 3544 (1994).

Lykov, A.

A. Lykov, S. Khaykin, V. Yushkov, L. Korshunov, and F. Cocquerez, “Observation of water vapour on board long-duration super pressure balloon using FLASH-B Lyman-alpha hygrometer,” in Proceedings of the Nineteenth ESA Symposium on European Rocket and Balloon, Bad Reichenhall, Germany, 2009, pp. 159–164.

McKenna, D. S.

M. Zöger, A. Afchine, N. Eicke, M.-T. Gerhards, E. Klein, D. S. McKenna, U. Mörschel, U. Schmidt, V. Tan, F. Tuitjer, T. Woyke, and C. Schiller, “Fast in situ stratospheric hygrometers: a new family of balloon-borne and airborne Lyman-alpha photofragment fluorescence hygrometers,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 1807 (1999).

Meshcherov, B. R.

V. L. Budovich, B. R. Meshcherov, and E. B. Polotnyuk, “Flow-through ionization chamber for measuring the radiation intensity of VUV sources,” Opt. Zh. 79, No. 8, 92 (2012). [J. Opt. Technol. 79, 92 (2012)].

Mörschel, U.

M. Zöger, A. Afchine, N. Eicke, M.-T. Gerhards, E. Klein, D. S. McKenna, U. Mörschel, U. Schmidt, V. Tan, F. Tuitjer, T. Woyke, and C. Schiller, “Fast in situ stratospheric hygrometers: a new family of balloon-borne and airborne Lyman-alpha photofragment fluorescence hygrometers,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 1807 (1999).

Neuimin, G. G.

G. G. Neu?min and A. N. Terenin, “Dissociation of multiatomic molecules under the action of Schumann radiation,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR No. 4, 529 (1936).

Neujmin, H.

A. Terenin and H. Neujmin, “Photodissociation of molecules in Schumann ultraviolet,” Nature 134, No. 3381, 255 (1934).

Oliver, J. F.

E. M. Weinstock, E. J. Hintsa, A. E. Dessler, J. F. Oliver, N. L. Hazen, J. N. Demusz, N. T. Allen, L. B. Lapson, and J. G. Anderson, “A new fast-response photofragment fluorescence hygrometer for use on the NASA ER-2 and Perseus remotely piloted aircraft,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 3544 (1994).

Phillips, C.

D. Kley, J. M. Russell, and C. Phillips, SPARC assessment of upper troposphere and stratosphere water vapour (WCRP-No.113, WMO/TD-No.1043S, SPARC Report No. 2, 2000).

Polotnyuk, E. B.

V. L. Budovich, B. R. Meshcherov, and E. B. Polotnyuk, “Flow-through ionization chamber for measuring the radiation intensity of VUV sources,” Opt. Zh. 79, No. 8, 92 (2012). [J. Opt. Technol. 79, 92 (2012)].

V. L. Budovich, D. V. Budovich, and E. B. Polotnyuk, Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 76, No. 4, 140 (2006). [Tech. Phys. 51, 529 (2006)].

Russell, J. M.

D. Kley, J. M. Russell, and C. Phillips, SPARC assessment of upper troposphere and stratosphere water vapour (WCRP-No.113, WMO/TD-No.1043S, SPARC Report No. 2, 2000).

Schiller, C.

M. Zöger, A. Afchine, N. Eicke, M.-T. Gerhards, E. Klein, D. S. McKenna, U. Mörschel, U. Schmidt, V. Tan, F. Tuitjer, T. Woyke, and C. Schiller, “Fast in situ stratospheric hygrometers: a new family of balloon-borne and airborne Lyman-alpha photofragment fluorescence hygrometers,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 1807 (1999).

T. Woyke, C. Schiller, U. Schmidt, T. Schober, and M. Zöger, “ZrCo as a new H2 storage and getter for Lyman-alpha radiation sources,” Appl. Opt. 34, 155 (1995).
[PubMed]

Schmidt, U.

M. Zöger, A. Afchine, N. Eicke, M.-T. Gerhards, E. Klein, D. S. McKenna, U. Mörschel, U. Schmidt, V. Tan, F. Tuitjer, T. Woyke, and C. Schiller, “Fast in situ stratospheric hygrometers: a new family of balloon-borne and airborne Lyman-alpha photofragment fluorescence hygrometers,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 1807 (1999).

T. Woyke, C. Schiller, U. Schmidt, T. Schober, and M. Zöger, “ZrCo as a new H2 storage and getter for Lyman-alpha radiation sources,” Appl. Opt. 34, 155 (1995).
[PubMed]

Schober, T.

Shishatskaya, L. P.

L. P. Shishatskaya, S. Ya. Yakovlev, and G. A. Volkova, “Gas-discharge lamps for the vacuum ultraviolet,” Opt. Zh. No. 7, 72 (1995). [J. Opt. Technol. 62, 477 (1995)].

G. A. Volkova, L. P. Shishatskaya, and S. A. Yakovlev, “Design principles and main characteristics of low-power lamps for vacuum UV region,” Opt. Zh. No. 3, 66 (1995). [J. Opt. Technol. 62, 193 (1995)].

Stone, E.

D. Kley and E. Stone, “Measurements of water vapor in the stratosphere by photodissocation with Ly-? Light,” Sci. Instrum. 49, 691 (1978).

Tan, V.

M. Zöger, A. Afchine, N. Eicke, M.-T. Gerhards, E. Klein, D. S. McKenna, U. Mörschel, U. Schmidt, V. Tan, F. Tuitjer, T. Woyke, and C. Schiller, “Fast in situ stratospheric hygrometers: a new family of balloon-borne and airborne Lyman-alpha photofragment fluorescence hygrometers,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 1807 (1999).

Terenin, A.

A. Terenin and H. Neujmin, “Photodissociation of molecules in Schumann ultraviolet,” Nature 134, No. 3381, 255 (1934).

Terenin, A. N.

G. G. Neu?min and A. N. Terenin, “Dissociation of multiatomic molecules under the action of Schumann radiation,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR No. 4, 529 (1936).

Tuitjer, F.

M. Zöger, A. Afchine, N. Eicke, M.-T. Gerhards, E. Klein, D. S. McKenna, U. Mörschel, U. Schmidt, V. Tan, F. Tuitjer, T. Woyke, and C. Schiller, “Fast in situ stratospheric hygrometers: a new family of balloon-borne and airborne Lyman-alpha photofragment fluorescence hygrometers,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 1807 (1999).

Volkova, G. A.

G. A. Volkova, L. P. Shishatskaya, and S. A. Yakovlev, “Design principles and main characteristics of low-power lamps for vacuum UV region,” Opt. Zh. No. 3, 66 (1995). [J. Opt. Technol. 62, 193 (1995)].

L. P. Shishatskaya, S. Ya. Yakovlev, and G. A. Volkova, “Gas-discharge lamps for the vacuum ultraviolet,” Opt. Zh. No. 7, 72 (1995). [J. Opt. Technol. 62, 477 (1995)].

Weinstock, E. M.

E. M. Weinstock, E. J. Hintsa, A. E. Dessler, J. F. Oliver, N. L. Hazen, J. N. Demusz, N. T. Allen, L. B. Lapson, and J. G. Anderson, “A new fast-response photofragment fluorescence hygrometer for use on the NASA ER-2 and Perseus remotely piloted aircraft,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 3544 (1994).

Woyke, T.

M. Zöger, A. Afchine, N. Eicke, M.-T. Gerhards, E. Klein, D. S. McKenna, U. Mörschel, U. Schmidt, V. Tan, F. Tuitjer, T. Woyke, and C. Schiller, “Fast in situ stratospheric hygrometers: a new family of balloon-borne and airborne Lyman-alpha photofragment fluorescence hygrometers,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 1807 (1999).

T. Woyke, C. Schiller, U. Schmidt, T. Schober, and M. Zöger, “ZrCo as a new H2 storage and getter for Lyman-alpha radiation sources,” Appl. Opt. 34, 155 (1995).
[PubMed]

Yakovlev, S. A.

G. A. Volkova, L. P. Shishatskaya, and S. A. Yakovlev, “Design principles and main characteristics of low-power lamps for vacuum UV region,” Opt. Zh. No. 3, 66 (1995). [J. Opt. Technol. 62, 193 (1995)].

Yakovlev, S. Ya.

L. P. Shishatskaya, S. Ya. Yakovlev, and G. A. Volkova, “Gas-discharge lamps for the vacuum ultraviolet,” Opt. Zh. No. 7, 72 (1995). [J. Opt. Technol. 62, 477 (1995)].

Yushkov, V.

A. Lykov, S. Khaykin, V. Yushkov, L. Korshunov, and F. Cocquerez, “Observation of water vapour on board long-duration super pressure balloon using FLASH-B Lyman-alpha hygrometer,” in Proceedings of the Nineteenth ESA Symposium on European Rocket and Balloon, Bad Reichenhall, Germany, 2009, pp. 159–164.

Yushkov, V. A.

M. V. Kretova, M. G. Khaplanov, and V. A. Yushkov, “Resonance-fluorescence hygrometer for measuring humidity in the stratosphere,” Prib. Tekh. Éksp. No. 3, 195 (1991).

Zöger, M.

M. Zöger, A. Afchine, N. Eicke, M.-T. Gerhards, E. Klein, D. S. McKenna, U. Mörschel, U. Schmidt, V. Tan, F. Tuitjer, T. Woyke, and C. Schiller, “Fast in situ stratospheric hygrometers: a new family of balloon-borne and airborne Lyman-alpha photofragment fluorescence hygrometers,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 1807 (1999).

T. Woyke, C. Schiller, U. Schmidt, T. Schober, and M. Zöger, “ZrCo as a new H2 storage and getter for Lyman-alpha radiation sources,” Appl. Opt. 34, 155 (1995).
[PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR (1)

G. G. Neu?min and A. N. Terenin, “Dissociation of multiatomic molecules under the action of Schumann radiation,” Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR No. 4, 529 (1936).

J. Geophys. Res. (1)

M. Zöger, A. Afchine, N. Eicke, M.-T. Gerhards, E. Klein, D. S. McKenna, U. Mörschel, U. Schmidt, V. Tan, F. Tuitjer, T. Woyke, and C. Schiller, “Fast in situ stratospheric hygrometers: a new family of balloon-borne and airborne Lyman-alpha photofragment fluorescence hygrometers,” J. Geophys. Res. 104, 1807 (1999).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Nature (1)

A. Terenin and H. Neujmin, “Photodissociation of molecules in Schumann ultraviolet,” Nature 134, No. 3381, 255 (1934).

Opt. Zh. (3)

G. A. Volkova, L. P. Shishatskaya, and S. A. Yakovlev, “Design principles and main characteristics of low-power lamps for vacuum UV region,” Opt. Zh. No. 3, 66 (1995). [J. Opt. Technol. 62, 193 (1995)].

V. L. Budovich, B. R. Meshcherov, and E. B. Polotnyuk, “Flow-through ionization chamber for measuring the radiation intensity of VUV sources,” Opt. Zh. 79, No. 8, 92 (2012). [J. Opt. Technol. 79, 92 (2012)].

L. P. Shishatskaya, S. Ya. Yakovlev, and G. A. Volkova, “Gas-discharge lamps for the vacuum ultraviolet,” Opt. Zh. No. 7, 72 (1995). [J. Opt. Technol. 62, 477 (1995)].

Prib. Tekh. Éksp. (1)

M. V. Kretova, M. G. Khaplanov, and V. A. Yushkov, “Resonance-fluorescence hygrometer for measuring humidity in the stratosphere,” Prib. Tekh. Éksp. No. 3, 195 (1991).

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

E. M. Weinstock, E. J. Hintsa, A. E. Dessler, J. F. Oliver, N. L. Hazen, J. N. Demusz, N. T. Allen, L. B. Lapson, and J. G. Anderson, “A new fast-response photofragment fluorescence hygrometer for use on the NASA ER-2 and Perseus remotely piloted aircraft,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 65, 3544 (1994).

Sci. Instrum. (1)

D. Kley and E. Stone, “Measurements of water vapor in the stratosphere by photodissocation with Ly-? Light,” Sci. Instrum. 49, 691 (1978).

Zh. Tekh. Fiz. (1)

V. L. Budovich, D. V. Budovich, and E. B. Polotnyuk, Zh. Tekh. Fiz. 76, No. 4, 140 (2006). [Tech. Phys. 51, 529 (2006)].

Other (3)

M. Zöger and F. Tuitjer, “Lampenkorper für Plasmaentladungslampen sowie Plasmaentladungslampen,” German Patent DE 197 13019 CI (1998).

D. Kley, J. M. Russell, and C. Phillips, SPARC assessment of upper troposphere and stratosphere water vapour (WCRP-No.113, WMO/TD-No.1043S, SPARC Report No. 2, 2000).

A. Lykov, S. Khaykin, V. Yushkov, L. Korshunov, and F. Cocquerez, “Observation of water vapour on board long-duration super pressure balloon using FLASH-B Lyman-alpha hygrometer,” in Proceedings of the Nineteenth ESA Symposium on European Rocket and Balloon, Bad Reichenhall, Germany, 2009, pp. 159–164.

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