Abstract

Transparent glass–ceramics with nanosize crystals of the titanate–zirconates of erbium and ytterbium that have the defect-fluorite and disordered-pyrochlore structures have been synthesized in the magnesium aluminosilicate sitall-forming system, and the structural transformations that accompany their formation have been studied. This paper discusses the absorption and the luminescence spectra and kinetics of erbium and ytterbium ions in the near-IR region and the up-conversion luminescence of erbium ions in glasses and glass–ceramics obtained at various heat-treatment temperatures. A comparison is made of the structures of crystals with the defect-fluorite and pyrochlore structures formed in magnesium- and lithium aluminosilicate glasses when they are heat-treated, as well as the spectroluminescence properties of the resulting magnesium- and lithium aluminosilicate glass–ceramics.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. O. Dymshits, A. Zhilin, I. Alekseeva, N. Skoptsov, A. Malyarevich, and K. Yumashev, “Synthesis and spectroluminescence properties of lithium aluminosilicate glass–ceramics containing Er2Yb2-xTi2O7 nanocrystals,” Opt. Zh. 79, No. 7, 45 (2012). [J. Opt. Technol. 79, 415 (2012)].
  2. R. D. Shannon, “Revised effective ionic radii and systematic studies of interatomic distances in halides and chalcogenides,” Acta Crystallogr. A 32, 751 (1976).
  3. M. Glerup, O. F. Nielsen, and F. W. Poulsen, “The structural transformation from the pyrochlore structure, A2B2O7, to the fluorite structure, AO2, studied by Raman spectroscopy and defect chemistry modeling,” J. Solid State Chem. 160, 25 (2001).
  4. M. Martos, B. Julián-López, E. Cordoncillo, and P. Escribano, “Structural and spectroscopic study of a novel erbium titanate pink pigment prepared by sol–gel methodology,” J. Phys. Chem. B 112, 2319 (2008).
    [PubMed]
  5. M. Martos, B. Julián-López, E. Cordoncillo, and P. Escribano, “Structural and spectroscopic study of a new pink chromium-free Er2(Ti,Zr)2O7 ceramic pigment,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92, 2987 (2009).
  6. V. A. Antonov, P. A. Arsenev, and D. S. Petrova, “Spectroscopic properties of the Nd3+ ion in Y2Ti2O7 and Gd2Ti2O7 monocrystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 41, K127 (1977).
  7. I. Alekseeva, O. Dymshits, M. Tsenter, A. Zhilin, V. Golubkov, I. Denisov, N. Skoptsov, A. Malyarevich, and K. Yumashev, “Optical applications of glass–ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 3042 (2010).
  8. N. A. Skoptsov, I. A. Denisov, A. M. Malyarevich, K. V. Yumashev, O. S. Dymshits, A. A. Zhilin, and I. P. Alekseeva, “Luminescence of a transparent glass–ceramic containing nanocrystals of Er3+ and Yb3+ titanate–zirconates,” Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk. 78, 697 (2011).
  9. H. Lipson and H. Steeple, Interpretation of X-ray Powder Patterns (St. Martin’s Press, New York, 1970), p. 383.
  10. F. A. Bol’shchikov, Yu. K. Voron’ko, A. V. Popov, P. A. Ryabochkina, A. A. Sobol’, S. N. Ushakov, and M. N. Khromov, “Spectroscopic properties of crystals of calcium niobium gallium garnet doped with Tm3+ ions,” Fiz. Tverd. Tela. Vest. Nizhegorod. Univ. No. 3, 49 (2007).
  11. R. Wu, J. D. Myers, M. J. Myers, and Ch. Rapp, “Fluorescence lifetime and 980-nm pump energy transfer dynamics in erbium and ytterbium co-doped phosphate laser glasses,” Proc. SPIE 4968, 4968-1 (2003).

2012

O. Dymshits, A. Zhilin, I. Alekseeva, N. Skoptsov, A. Malyarevich, and K. Yumashev, “Synthesis and spectroluminescence properties of lithium aluminosilicate glass–ceramics containing Er2Yb2-xTi2O7 nanocrystals,” Opt. Zh. 79, No. 7, 45 (2012). [J. Opt. Technol. 79, 415 (2012)].

2011

N. A. Skoptsov, I. A. Denisov, A. M. Malyarevich, K. V. Yumashev, O. S. Dymshits, A. A. Zhilin, and I. P. Alekseeva, “Luminescence of a transparent glass–ceramic containing nanocrystals of Er3+ and Yb3+ titanate–zirconates,” Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk. 78, 697 (2011).

2010

I. Alekseeva, O. Dymshits, M. Tsenter, A. Zhilin, V. Golubkov, I. Denisov, N. Skoptsov, A. Malyarevich, and K. Yumashev, “Optical applications of glass–ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 3042 (2010).

2009

M. Martos, B. Julián-López, E. Cordoncillo, and P. Escribano, “Structural and spectroscopic study of a new pink chromium-free Er2(Ti,Zr)2O7 ceramic pigment,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92, 2987 (2009).

2008

M. Martos, B. Julián-López, E. Cordoncillo, and P. Escribano, “Structural and spectroscopic study of a novel erbium titanate pink pigment prepared by sol–gel methodology,” J. Phys. Chem. B 112, 2319 (2008).
[PubMed]

2007

F. A. Bol’shchikov, Yu. K. Voron’ko, A. V. Popov, P. A. Ryabochkina, A. A. Sobol’, S. N. Ushakov, and M. N. Khromov, “Spectroscopic properties of crystals of calcium niobium gallium garnet doped with Tm3+ ions,” Fiz. Tverd. Tela. Vest. Nizhegorod. Univ. No. 3, 49 (2007).

2003

R. Wu, J. D. Myers, M. J. Myers, and Ch. Rapp, “Fluorescence lifetime and 980-nm pump energy transfer dynamics in erbium and ytterbium co-doped phosphate laser glasses,” Proc. SPIE 4968, 4968-1 (2003).

2001

M. Glerup, O. F. Nielsen, and F. W. Poulsen, “The structural transformation from the pyrochlore structure, A2B2O7, to the fluorite structure, AO2, studied by Raman spectroscopy and defect chemistry modeling,” J. Solid State Chem. 160, 25 (2001).

1977

V. A. Antonov, P. A. Arsenev, and D. S. Petrova, “Spectroscopic properties of the Nd3+ ion in Y2Ti2O7 and Gd2Ti2O7 monocrystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 41, K127 (1977).

1976

R. D. Shannon, “Revised effective ionic radii and systematic studies of interatomic distances in halides and chalcogenides,” Acta Crystallogr. A 32, 751 (1976).

Alekseeva, I.

O. Dymshits, A. Zhilin, I. Alekseeva, N. Skoptsov, A. Malyarevich, and K. Yumashev, “Synthesis and spectroluminescence properties of lithium aluminosilicate glass–ceramics containing Er2Yb2-xTi2O7 nanocrystals,” Opt. Zh. 79, No. 7, 45 (2012). [J. Opt. Technol. 79, 415 (2012)].

I. Alekseeva, O. Dymshits, M. Tsenter, A. Zhilin, V. Golubkov, I. Denisov, N. Skoptsov, A. Malyarevich, and K. Yumashev, “Optical applications of glass–ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 3042 (2010).

Alekseeva, I. P.

N. A. Skoptsov, I. A. Denisov, A. M. Malyarevich, K. V. Yumashev, O. S. Dymshits, A. A. Zhilin, and I. P. Alekseeva, “Luminescence of a transparent glass–ceramic containing nanocrystals of Er3+ and Yb3+ titanate–zirconates,” Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk. 78, 697 (2011).

Antonov, V. A.

V. A. Antonov, P. A. Arsenev, and D. S. Petrova, “Spectroscopic properties of the Nd3+ ion in Y2Ti2O7 and Gd2Ti2O7 monocrystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 41, K127 (1977).

Arsenev, P. A.

V. A. Antonov, P. A. Arsenev, and D. S. Petrova, “Spectroscopic properties of the Nd3+ ion in Y2Ti2O7 and Gd2Ti2O7 monocrystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 41, K127 (1977).

Bol’shchikov, F. A.

F. A. Bol’shchikov, Yu. K. Voron’ko, A. V. Popov, P. A. Ryabochkina, A. A. Sobol’, S. N. Ushakov, and M. N. Khromov, “Spectroscopic properties of crystals of calcium niobium gallium garnet doped with Tm3+ ions,” Fiz. Tverd. Tela. Vest. Nizhegorod. Univ. No. 3, 49 (2007).

Cordoncillo, E.

M. Martos, B. Julián-López, E. Cordoncillo, and P. Escribano, “Structural and spectroscopic study of a new pink chromium-free Er2(Ti,Zr)2O7 ceramic pigment,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92, 2987 (2009).

M. Martos, B. Julián-López, E. Cordoncillo, and P. Escribano, “Structural and spectroscopic study of a novel erbium titanate pink pigment prepared by sol–gel methodology,” J. Phys. Chem. B 112, 2319 (2008).
[PubMed]

Denisov, I.

I. Alekseeva, O. Dymshits, M. Tsenter, A. Zhilin, V. Golubkov, I. Denisov, N. Skoptsov, A. Malyarevich, and K. Yumashev, “Optical applications of glass–ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 3042 (2010).

Denisov, I. A.

N. A. Skoptsov, I. A. Denisov, A. M. Malyarevich, K. V. Yumashev, O. S. Dymshits, A. A. Zhilin, and I. P. Alekseeva, “Luminescence of a transparent glass–ceramic containing nanocrystals of Er3+ and Yb3+ titanate–zirconates,” Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk. 78, 697 (2011).

Dymshits, O.

O. Dymshits, A. Zhilin, I. Alekseeva, N. Skoptsov, A. Malyarevich, and K. Yumashev, “Synthesis and spectroluminescence properties of lithium aluminosilicate glass–ceramics containing Er2Yb2-xTi2O7 nanocrystals,” Opt. Zh. 79, No. 7, 45 (2012). [J. Opt. Technol. 79, 415 (2012)].

I. Alekseeva, O. Dymshits, M. Tsenter, A. Zhilin, V. Golubkov, I. Denisov, N. Skoptsov, A. Malyarevich, and K. Yumashev, “Optical applications of glass–ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 3042 (2010).

Dymshits, O. S.

N. A. Skoptsov, I. A. Denisov, A. M. Malyarevich, K. V. Yumashev, O. S. Dymshits, A. A. Zhilin, and I. P. Alekseeva, “Luminescence of a transparent glass–ceramic containing nanocrystals of Er3+ and Yb3+ titanate–zirconates,” Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk. 78, 697 (2011).

Escribano, P.

M. Martos, B. Julián-López, E. Cordoncillo, and P. Escribano, “Structural and spectroscopic study of a new pink chromium-free Er2(Ti,Zr)2O7 ceramic pigment,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92, 2987 (2009).

M. Martos, B. Julián-López, E. Cordoncillo, and P. Escribano, “Structural and spectroscopic study of a novel erbium titanate pink pigment prepared by sol–gel methodology,” J. Phys. Chem. B 112, 2319 (2008).
[PubMed]

Glerup, M.

M. Glerup, O. F. Nielsen, and F. W. Poulsen, “The structural transformation from the pyrochlore structure, A2B2O7, to the fluorite structure, AO2, studied by Raman spectroscopy and defect chemistry modeling,” J. Solid State Chem. 160, 25 (2001).

Golubkov, V.

I. Alekseeva, O. Dymshits, M. Tsenter, A. Zhilin, V. Golubkov, I. Denisov, N. Skoptsov, A. Malyarevich, and K. Yumashev, “Optical applications of glass–ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 3042 (2010).

Julián-López, B.

M. Martos, B. Julián-López, E. Cordoncillo, and P. Escribano, “Structural and spectroscopic study of a new pink chromium-free Er2(Ti,Zr)2O7 ceramic pigment,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92, 2987 (2009).

M. Martos, B. Julián-López, E. Cordoncillo, and P. Escribano, “Structural and spectroscopic study of a novel erbium titanate pink pigment prepared by sol–gel methodology,” J. Phys. Chem. B 112, 2319 (2008).
[PubMed]

Khromov, M. N.

F. A. Bol’shchikov, Yu. K. Voron’ko, A. V. Popov, P. A. Ryabochkina, A. A. Sobol’, S. N. Ushakov, and M. N. Khromov, “Spectroscopic properties of crystals of calcium niobium gallium garnet doped with Tm3+ ions,” Fiz. Tverd. Tela. Vest. Nizhegorod. Univ. No. 3, 49 (2007).

Lipson, H.

H. Lipson and H. Steeple, Interpretation of X-ray Powder Patterns (St. Martin’s Press, New York, 1970), p. 383.

Malyarevich, A.

O. Dymshits, A. Zhilin, I. Alekseeva, N. Skoptsov, A. Malyarevich, and K. Yumashev, “Synthesis and spectroluminescence properties of lithium aluminosilicate glass–ceramics containing Er2Yb2-xTi2O7 nanocrystals,” Opt. Zh. 79, No. 7, 45 (2012). [J. Opt. Technol. 79, 415 (2012)].

I. Alekseeva, O. Dymshits, M. Tsenter, A. Zhilin, V. Golubkov, I. Denisov, N. Skoptsov, A. Malyarevich, and K. Yumashev, “Optical applications of glass–ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 3042 (2010).

Malyarevich, A. M.

N. A. Skoptsov, I. A. Denisov, A. M. Malyarevich, K. V. Yumashev, O. S. Dymshits, A. A. Zhilin, and I. P. Alekseeva, “Luminescence of a transparent glass–ceramic containing nanocrystals of Er3+ and Yb3+ titanate–zirconates,” Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk. 78, 697 (2011).

Martos, M.

M. Martos, B. Julián-López, E. Cordoncillo, and P. Escribano, “Structural and spectroscopic study of a new pink chromium-free Er2(Ti,Zr)2O7 ceramic pigment,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92, 2987 (2009).

M. Martos, B. Julián-López, E. Cordoncillo, and P. Escribano, “Structural and spectroscopic study of a novel erbium titanate pink pigment prepared by sol–gel methodology,” J. Phys. Chem. B 112, 2319 (2008).
[PubMed]

Myers, J. D.

R. Wu, J. D. Myers, M. J. Myers, and Ch. Rapp, “Fluorescence lifetime and 980-nm pump energy transfer dynamics in erbium and ytterbium co-doped phosphate laser glasses,” Proc. SPIE 4968, 4968-1 (2003).

Myers, M. J.

R. Wu, J. D. Myers, M. J. Myers, and Ch. Rapp, “Fluorescence lifetime and 980-nm pump energy transfer dynamics in erbium and ytterbium co-doped phosphate laser glasses,” Proc. SPIE 4968, 4968-1 (2003).

Nielsen, O. F.

M. Glerup, O. F. Nielsen, and F. W. Poulsen, “The structural transformation from the pyrochlore structure, A2B2O7, to the fluorite structure, AO2, studied by Raman spectroscopy and defect chemistry modeling,” J. Solid State Chem. 160, 25 (2001).

Petrova, D. S.

V. A. Antonov, P. A. Arsenev, and D. S. Petrova, “Spectroscopic properties of the Nd3+ ion in Y2Ti2O7 and Gd2Ti2O7 monocrystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 41, K127 (1977).

Popov, A. V.

F. A. Bol’shchikov, Yu. K. Voron’ko, A. V. Popov, P. A. Ryabochkina, A. A. Sobol’, S. N. Ushakov, and M. N. Khromov, “Spectroscopic properties of crystals of calcium niobium gallium garnet doped with Tm3+ ions,” Fiz. Tverd. Tela. Vest. Nizhegorod. Univ. No. 3, 49 (2007).

Poulsen, F. W.

M. Glerup, O. F. Nielsen, and F. W. Poulsen, “The structural transformation from the pyrochlore structure, A2B2O7, to the fluorite structure, AO2, studied by Raman spectroscopy and defect chemistry modeling,” J. Solid State Chem. 160, 25 (2001).

Rapp, Ch.

R. Wu, J. D. Myers, M. J. Myers, and Ch. Rapp, “Fluorescence lifetime and 980-nm pump energy transfer dynamics in erbium and ytterbium co-doped phosphate laser glasses,” Proc. SPIE 4968, 4968-1 (2003).

Ryabochkina, P. A.

F. A. Bol’shchikov, Yu. K. Voron’ko, A. V. Popov, P. A. Ryabochkina, A. A. Sobol’, S. N. Ushakov, and M. N. Khromov, “Spectroscopic properties of crystals of calcium niobium gallium garnet doped with Tm3+ ions,” Fiz. Tverd. Tela. Vest. Nizhegorod. Univ. No. 3, 49 (2007).

Shannon, R. D.

R. D. Shannon, “Revised effective ionic radii and systematic studies of interatomic distances in halides and chalcogenides,” Acta Crystallogr. A 32, 751 (1976).

Skoptsov, N.

O. Dymshits, A. Zhilin, I. Alekseeva, N. Skoptsov, A. Malyarevich, and K. Yumashev, “Synthesis and spectroluminescence properties of lithium aluminosilicate glass–ceramics containing Er2Yb2-xTi2O7 nanocrystals,” Opt. Zh. 79, No. 7, 45 (2012). [J. Opt. Technol. 79, 415 (2012)].

I. Alekseeva, O. Dymshits, M. Tsenter, A. Zhilin, V. Golubkov, I. Denisov, N. Skoptsov, A. Malyarevich, and K. Yumashev, “Optical applications of glass–ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 3042 (2010).

Skoptsov, N. A.

N. A. Skoptsov, I. A. Denisov, A. M. Malyarevich, K. V. Yumashev, O. S. Dymshits, A. A. Zhilin, and I. P. Alekseeva, “Luminescence of a transparent glass–ceramic containing nanocrystals of Er3+ and Yb3+ titanate–zirconates,” Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk. 78, 697 (2011).

Sobol’, A. A.

F. A. Bol’shchikov, Yu. K. Voron’ko, A. V. Popov, P. A. Ryabochkina, A. A. Sobol’, S. N. Ushakov, and M. N. Khromov, “Spectroscopic properties of crystals of calcium niobium gallium garnet doped with Tm3+ ions,” Fiz. Tverd. Tela. Vest. Nizhegorod. Univ. No. 3, 49 (2007).

Steeple, H.

H. Lipson and H. Steeple, Interpretation of X-ray Powder Patterns (St. Martin’s Press, New York, 1970), p. 383.

Tsenter, M.

I. Alekseeva, O. Dymshits, M. Tsenter, A. Zhilin, V. Golubkov, I. Denisov, N. Skoptsov, A. Malyarevich, and K. Yumashev, “Optical applications of glass–ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 3042 (2010).

Ushakov, S. N.

F. A. Bol’shchikov, Yu. K. Voron’ko, A. V. Popov, P. A. Ryabochkina, A. A. Sobol’, S. N. Ushakov, and M. N. Khromov, “Spectroscopic properties of crystals of calcium niobium gallium garnet doped with Tm3+ ions,” Fiz. Tverd. Tela. Vest. Nizhegorod. Univ. No. 3, 49 (2007).

Voron’ko, Yu. K.

F. A. Bol’shchikov, Yu. K. Voron’ko, A. V. Popov, P. A. Ryabochkina, A. A. Sobol’, S. N. Ushakov, and M. N. Khromov, “Spectroscopic properties of crystals of calcium niobium gallium garnet doped with Tm3+ ions,” Fiz. Tverd. Tela. Vest. Nizhegorod. Univ. No. 3, 49 (2007).

Wu, R.

R. Wu, J. D. Myers, M. J. Myers, and Ch. Rapp, “Fluorescence lifetime and 980-nm pump energy transfer dynamics in erbium and ytterbium co-doped phosphate laser glasses,” Proc. SPIE 4968, 4968-1 (2003).

Yumashev, K.

O. Dymshits, A. Zhilin, I. Alekseeva, N. Skoptsov, A. Malyarevich, and K. Yumashev, “Synthesis and spectroluminescence properties of lithium aluminosilicate glass–ceramics containing Er2Yb2-xTi2O7 nanocrystals,” Opt. Zh. 79, No. 7, 45 (2012). [J. Opt. Technol. 79, 415 (2012)].

I. Alekseeva, O. Dymshits, M. Tsenter, A. Zhilin, V. Golubkov, I. Denisov, N. Skoptsov, A. Malyarevich, and K. Yumashev, “Optical applications of glass–ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 3042 (2010).

Yumashev, K. V.

N. A. Skoptsov, I. A. Denisov, A. M. Malyarevich, K. V. Yumashev, O. S. Dymshits, A. A. Zhilin, and I. P. Alekseeva, “Luminescence of a transparent glass–ceramic containing nanocrystals of Er3+ and Yb3+ titanate–zirconates,” Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk. 78, 697 (2011).

Zhilin, A.

O. Dymshits, A. Zhilin, I. Alekseeva, N. Skoptsov, A. Malyarevich, and K. Yumashev, “Synthesis and spectroluminescence properties of lithium aluminosilicate glass–ceramics containing Er2Yb2-xTi2O7 nanocrystals,” Opt. Zh. 79, No. 7, 45 (2012). [J. Opt. Technol. 79, 415 (2012)].

I. Alekseeva, O. Dymshits, M. Tsenter, A. Zhilin, V. Golubkov, I. Denisov, N. Skoptsov, A. Malyarevich, and K. Yumashev, “Optical applications of glass–ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 3042 (2010).

Zhilin, A. A.

N. A. Skoptsov, I. A. Denisov, A. M. Malyarevich, K. V. Yumashev, O. S. Dymshits, A. A. Zhilin, and I. P. Alekseeva, “Luminescence of a transparent glass–ceramic containing nanocrystals of Er3+ and Yb3+ titanate–zirconates,” Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk. 78, 697 (2011).

Acta Crystallogr. A

R. D. Shannon, “Revised effective ionic radii and systematic studies of interatomic distances in halides and chalcogenides,” Acta Crystallogr. A 32, 751 (1976).

Fiz. Tverd. Tela. Vest. Nizhegorod. Univ.

F. A. Bol’shchikov, Yu. K. Voron’ko, A. V. Popov, P. A. Ryabochkina, A. A. Sobol’, S. N. Ushakov, and M. N. Khromov, “Spectroscopic properties of crystals of calcium niobium gallium garnet doped with Tm3+ ions,” Fiz. Tverd. Tela. Vest. Nizhegorod. Univ. No. 3, 49 (2007).

J. Am. Ceram. Soc.

M. Martos, B. Julián-López, E. Cordoncillo, and P. Escribano, “Structural and spectroscopic study of a new pink chromium-free Er2(Ti,Zr)2O7 ceramic pigment,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 92, 2987 (2009).

J. Non-Cryst. Solids

I. Alekseeva, O. Dymshits, M. Tsenter, A. Zhilin, V. Golubkov, I. Denisov, N. Skoptsov, A. Malyarevich, and K. Yumashev, “Optical applications of glass–ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356, 3042 (2010).

J. Phys. Chem. B

M. Martos, B. Julián-López, E. Cordoncillo, and P. Escribano, “Structural and spectroscopic study of a novel erbium titanate pink pigment prepared by sol–gel methodology,” J. Phys. Chem. B 112, 2319 (2008).
[PubMed]

J. Solid State Chem.

M. Glerup, O. F. Nielsen, and F. W. Poulsen, “The structural transformation from the pyrochlore structure, A2B2O7, to the fluorite structure, AO2, studied by Raman spectroscopy and defect chemistry modeling,” J. Solid State Chem. 160, 25 (2001).

Opt. Zh.

O. Dymshits, A. Zhilin, I. Alekseeva, N. Skoptsov, A. Malyarevich, and K. Yumashev, “Synthesis and spectroluminescence properties of lithium aluminosilicate glass–ceramics containing Er2Yb2-xTi2O7 nanocrystals,” Opt. Zh. 79, No. 7, 45 (2012). [J. Opt. Technol. 79, 415 (2012)].

Phys. Status Solidi A

V. A. Antonov, P. A. Arsenev, and D. S. Petrova, “Spectroscopic properties of the Nd3+ ion in Y2Ti2O7 and Gd2Ti2O7 monocrystals,” Phys. Status Solidi A 41, K127 (1977).

Proc. SPIE

R. Wu, J. D. Myers, M. J. Myers, and Ch. Rapp, “Fluorescence lifetime and 980-nm pump energy transfer dynamics in erbium and ytterbium co-doped phosphate laser glasses,” Proc. SPIE 4968, 4968-1 (2003).

Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk.

N. A. Skoptsov, I. A. Denisov, A. M. Malyarevich, K. V. Yumashev, O. S. Dymshits, A. A. Zhilin, and I. P. Alekseeva, “Luminescence of a transparent glass–ceramic containing nanocrystals of Er3+ and Yb3+ titanate–zirconates,” Zh. Prikl. Spektrosk. 78, 697 (2011).

Other

H. Lipson and H. Steeple, Interpretation of X-ray Powder Patterns (St. Martin’s Press, New York, 1970), p. 383.

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