Abstract

Methods of controlling the charge-accumulation regime in photodetector arrays have been classified. Differences in methods of controlling accumulation in CCDs and in CMOS structures are considered. A method for adapting the accumulation to the dynamics of the subject and a method for controlling the duration and phase of the accumulation when a distance is measured in a solid-state array system with active pulse illumination are proposed.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. V. K. Zvorykin and D. A. Morton, Television: The Electronics of Image Transmission (Wiley, New York, 1954; Izd. Inostran. Lit., 1956).
  2. A. A. Mantsvetov, A. A. Umbitaliev, and A. K. Tsytsulin, “The fusion principle in applied television,” Vop. Radioélek. Ser. Tekh. Televid. No. 1, 3 (2012).
  3. V. V. Berezin, A. A. Umbitaliev, Sh. S. Fakhmi, A. K. Tsytsulin, and N. N. Shipilov, The Solid-State Revolution in Television (Radio i Svyaz’, Moscow, 2006).
  4. L. I. Khromov, N. V. Lebedev, A. K. Tsytsulin, and A. N. Kulikov, Solid-State Television (Radio i Svyaz’, Moscow, 1986).
  5. L. I. Khromov, A. K. Tsytsulin, and A. N. Kulikov, Video Informatics (Radio i Svyaz’, Moscow, 1991).
  6. A. A. Mantsvetov and A. K. Tsytsulin, “Television camera based on CMOS photodetectors,” Vop. Radioélek. Ser. Tekh. Televid. No. 2, 70 (2006).
  7. O. S. Vakhromeeva, A. A. Mantsvetov, and K. A. Shimanskaya, “Sensitivity characteristics of TV cameras based on CCD arrays,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Rossii Radioélek. No. 4, 25 (2004).
  8. Official site of the Hubble Telescope, www.hubblesite.org.
  9. Official site of the TrueSense Imaging Co., (Kodak Imaging), www.truesenseimaging.com.
  10. A. Yu. Dmitrieva, A. A. Mantsvetov, and D. P. Plokhikh, “High-sensitivity TV cameras based on cooled CCD arrays,” in Materials of the 56th Scientific–Technical Conference Devoted to the Day of the Radio, St. Petersburg, April 2001 (Izd-vo SPbGÉTU LÉTI, St. Petersburg, 2001), pp. 97–98.
  11. Official site of the E2V Co., www.e2v.com.
  12. A. E. Rychazhnikov, “Compensating geometrical distortions of images of moving objects when CMOS photoconverters are used,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Rossi. Radioélek. No. 4, 47 (2008).
  13. Official site of the Pixim Co., www.pixim.com.
  14. V. V. Pyatkov and A. A. Umbitaliev, “CMOS photosensor with a multichannel reference circuit,” Vop. Radioélek. Ser. Tekh. Televid. No. 2, 34 (2011).
  15. Official site of the TeledyneDalsa Co., www.teledynedalsa.com.
  16. Official site of the Hamamatsu Corp., www.hamamatsu.com.
  17. A. A. Mantsvetov, Dynamic Image Transport by CCD Arrays (Izv. GÉTU, St. Petersburg, 1995), pp. 105–112.
  18. B. E. Burke, J. L. Tonry, and M. J. Cooper, “Orthogonal transfer arrays for the Pan-STARRS Gigapixel Camera,” Proc. SPIE 6501, 650107 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  19. Official site of the WIYN Observatory, www.noao.edu.
  20. L. E. Franks, Signal Theory (Prentice-Hall, 1968; Mir, Moscow, 1974).
  21. A. A. Mantsvetov, I. A. Zubakin, V. V. Kozlov, and A. K. Tsytsulin, “Adaptation of space television system to the observation stages of objects,” Vop. Radioélek. Ser. Tekh. Televid. No. 1, 29 (2012).

2012 (2)

A. A. Mantsvetov, A. A. Umbitaliev, and A. K. Tsytsulin, “The fusion principle in applied television,” Vop. Radioélek. Ser. Tekh. Televid. No. 1, 3 (2012).

A. A. Mantsvetov, I. A. Zubakin, V. V. Kozlov, and A. K. Tsytsulin, “Adaptation of space television system to the observation stages of objects,” Vop. Radioélek. Ser. Tekh. Televid. No. 1, 29 (2012).

2011 (1)

V. V. Pyatkov and A. A. Umbitaliev, “CMOS photosensor with a multichannel reference circuit,” Vop. Radioélek. Ser. Tekh. Televid. No. 2, 34 (2011).

2008 (1)

A. E. Rychazhnikov, “Compensating geometrical distortions of images of moving objects when CMOS photoconverters are used,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Rossi. Radioélek. No. 4, 47 (2008).

2007 (1)

B. E. Burke, J. L. Tonry, and M. J. Cooper, “Orthogonal transfer arrays for the Pan-STARRS Gigapixel Camera,” Proc. SPIE 6501, 650107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

A. A. Mantsvetov and A. K. Tsytsulin, “Television camera based on CMOS photodetectors,” Vop. Radioélek. Ser. Tekh. Televid. No. 2, 70 (2006).

2004 (1)

O. S. Vakhromeeva, A. A. Mantsvetov, and K. A. Shimanskaya, “Sensitivity characteristics of TV cameras based on CCD arrays,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Rossii Radioélek. No. 4, 25 (2004).

Berezin, V. V.

V. V. Berezin, A. A. Umbitaliev, Sh. S. Fakhmi, A. K. Tsytsulin, and N. N. Shipilov, The Solid-State Revolution in Television (Radio i Svyaz’, Moscow, 2006).

Burke, B. E.

B. E. Burke, J. L. Tonry, and M. J. Cooper, “Orthogonal transfer arrays for the Pan-STARRS Gigapixel Camera,” Proc. SPIE 6501, 650107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cooper, M. J.

B. E. Burke, J. L. Tonry, and M. J. Cooper, “Orthogonal transfer arrays for the Pan-STARRS Gigapixel Camera,” Proc. SPIE 6501, 650107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dmitrieva, A. Yu.

A. Yu. Dmitrieva, A. A. Mantsvetov, and D. P. Plokhikh, “High-sensitivity TV cameras based on cooled CCD arrays,” in Materials of the 56th Scientific–Technical Conference Devoted to the Day of the Radio, St. Petersburg, April 2001 (Izd-vo SPbGÉTU LÉTI, St. Petersburg, 2001), pp. 97–98.

Fakhmi, Sh. S.

V. V. Berezin, A. A. Umbitaliev, Sh. S. Fakhmi, A. K. Tsytsulin, and N. N. Shipilov, The Solid-State Revolution in Television (Radio i Svyaz’, Moscow, 2006).

Franks, L. E.

L. E. Franks, Signal Theory (Prentice-Hall, 1968; Mir, Moscow, 1974).

Khromov, L. I.

L. I. Khromov, N. V. Lebedev, A. K. Tsytsulin, and A. N. Kulikov, Solid-State Television (Radio i Svyaz’, Moscow, 1986).

L. I. Khromov, A. K. Tsytsulin, and A. N. Kulikov, Video Informatics (Radio i Svyaz’, Moscow, 1991).

Kozlov, V. V.

A. A. Mantsvetov, I. A. Zubakin, V. V. Kozlov, and A. K. Tsytsulin, “Adaptation of space television system to the observation stages of objects,” Vop. Radioélek. Ser. Tekh. Televid. No. 1, 29 (2012).

Kulikov, A. N.

L. I. Khromov, N. V. Lebedev, A. K. Tsytsulin, and A. N. Kulikov, Solid-State Television (Radio i Svyaz’, Moscow, 1986).

L. I. Khromov, A. K. Tsytsulin, and A. N. Kulikov, Video Informatics (Radio i Svyaz’, Moscow, 1991).

Lebedev, N. V.

L. I. Khromov, N. V. Lebedev, A. K. Tsytsulin, and A. N. Kulikov, Solid-State Television (Radio i Svyaz’, Moscow, 1986).

Mantsvetov, A. A.

A. A. Mantsvetov, I. A. Zubakin, V. V. Kozlov, and A. K. Tsytsulin, “Adaptation of space television system to the observation stages of objects,” Vop. Radioélek. Ser. Tekh. Televid. No. 1, 29 (2012).

A. A. Mantsvetov, A. A. Umbitaliev, and A. K. Tsytsulin, “The fusion principle in applied television,” Vop. Radioélek. Ser. Tekh. Televid. No. 1, 3 (2012).

A. A. Mantsvetov and A. K. Tsytsulin, “Television camera based on CMOS photodetectors,” Vop. Radioélek. Ser. Tekh. Televid. No. 2, 70 (2006).

O. S. Vakhromeeva, A. A. Mantsvetov, and K. A. Shimanskaya, “Sensitivity characteristics of TV cameras based on CCD arrays,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Rossii Radioélek. No. 4, 25 (2004).

A. Yu. Dmitrieva, A. A. Mantsvetov, and D. P. Plokhikh, “High-sensitivity TV cameras based on cooled CCD arrays,” in Materials of the 56th Scientific–Technical Conference Devoted to the Day of the Radio, St. Petersburg, April 2001 (Izd-vo SPbGÉTU LÉTI, St. Petersburg, 2001), pp. 97–98.

A. A. Mantsvetov, Dynamic Image Transport by CCD Arrays (Izv. GÉTU, St. Petersburg, 1995), pp. 105–112.

Morton, D. A.

V. K. Zvorykin and D. A. Morton, Television: The Electronics of Image Transmission (Wiley, New York, 1954; Izd. Inostran. Lit., 1956).

Plokhikh, D. P.

A. Yu. Dmitrieva, A. A. Mantsvetov, and D. P. Plokhikh, “High-sensitivity TV cameras based on cooled CCD arrays,” in Materials of the 56th Scientific–Technical Conference Devoted to the Day of the Radio, St. Petersburg, April 2001 (Izd-vo SPbGÉTU LÉTI, St. Petersburg, 2001), pp. 97–98.

Pyatkov, V. V.

V. V. Pyatkov and A. A. Umbitaliev, “CMOS photosensor with a multichannel reference circuit,” Vop. Radioélek. Ser. Tekh. Televid. No. 2, 34 (2011).

Rychazhnikov, A. E.

A. E. Rychazhnikov, “Compensating geometrical distortions of images of moving objects when CMOS photoconverters are used,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Rossi. Radioélek. No. 4, 47 (2008).

Shimanskaya, K. A.

O. S. Vakhromeeva, A. A. Mantsvetov, and K. A. Shimanskaya, “Sensitivity characteristics of TV cameras based on CCD arrays,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Rossii Radioélek. No. 4, 25 (2004).

Shipilov, N. N.

V. V. Berezin, A. A. Umbitaliev, Sh. S. Fakhmi, A. K. Tsytsulin, and N. N. Shipilov, The Solid-State Revolution in Television (Radio i Svyaz’, Moscow, 2006).

Tonry, J. L.

B. E. Burke, J. L. Tonry, and M. J. Cooper, “Orthogonal transfer arrays for the Pan-STARRS Gigapixel Camera,” Proc. SPIE 6501, 650107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tsytsulin, A. K.

A. A. Mantsvetov, I. A. Zubakin, V. V. Kozlov, and A. K. Tsytsulin, “Adaptation of space television system to the observation stages of objects,” Vop. Radioélek. Ser. Tekh. Televid. No. 1, 29 (2012).

A. A. Mantsvetov, A. A. Umbitaliev, and A. K. Tsytsulin, “The fusion principle in applied television,” Vop. Radioélek. Ser. Tekh. Televid. No. 1, 3 (2012).

A. A. Mantsvetov and A. K. Tsytsulin, “Television camera based on CMOS photodetectors,” Vop. Radioélek. Ser. Tekh. Televid. No. 2, 70 (2006).

V. V. Berezin, A. A. Umbitaliev, Sh. S. Fakhmi, A. K. Tsytsulin, and N. N. Shipilov, The Solid-State Revolution in Television (Radio i Svyaz’, Moscow, 2006).

L. I. Khromov, N. V. Lebedev, A. K. Tsytsulin, and A. N. Kulikov, Solid-State Television (Radio i Svyaz’, Moscow, 1986).

L. I. Khromov, A. K. Tsytsulin, and A. N. Kulikov, Video Informatics (Radio i Svyaz’, Moscow, 1991).

Umbitaliev, A. A.

A. A. Mantsvetov, A. A. Umbitaliev, and A. K. Tsytsulin, “The fusion principle in applied television,” Vop. Radioélek. Ser. Tekh. Televid. No. 1, 3 (2012).

V. V. Pyatkov and A. A. Umbitaliev, “CMOS photosensor with a multichannel reference circuit,” Vop. Radioélek. Ser. Tekh. Televid. No. 2, 34 (2011).

V. V. Berezin, A. A. Umbitaliev, Sh. S. Fakhmi, A. K. Tsytsulin, and N. N. Shipilov, The Solid-State Revolution in Television (Radio i Svyaz’, Moscow, 2006).

Vakhromeeva, O. S.

O. S. Vakhromeeva, A. A. Mantsvetov, and K. A. Shimanskaya, “Sensitivity characteristics of TV cameras based on CCD arrays,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Rossii Radioélek. No. 4, 25 (2004).

Zubakin, I. A.

A. A. Mantsvetov, I. A. Zubakin, V. V. Kozlov, and A. K. Tsytsulin, “Adaptation of space television system to the observation stages of objects,” Vop. Radioélek. Ser. Tekh. Televid. No. 1, 29 (2012).

Zvorykin, V. K.

V. K. Zvorykin and D. A. Morton, Television: The Electronics of Image Transmission (Wiley, New York, 1954; Izd. Inostran. Lit., 1956).

Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Rossi. Radioélek. (1)

A. E. Rychazhnikov, “Compensating geometrical distortions of images of moving objects when CMOS photoconverters are used,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Rossi. Radioélek. No. 4, 47 (2008).

Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Rossii Radioélek. (1)

O. S. Vakhromeeva, A. A. Mantsvetov, and K. A. Shimanskaya, “Sensitivity characteristics of TV cameras based on CCD arrays,” Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Rossii Radioélek. No. 4, 25 (2004).

Proc. SPIE (1)

B. E. Burke, J. L. Tonry, and M. J. Cooper, “Orthogonal transfer arrays for the Pan-STARRS Gigapixel Camera,” Proc. SPIE 6501, 650107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vop. Radioélek. Ser. Tekh. Televid. (4)

A. A. Mantsvetov, I. A. Zubakin, V. V. Kozlov, and A. K. Tsytsulin, “Adaptation of space television system to the observation stages of objects,” Vop. Radioélek. Ser. Tekh. Televid. No. 1, 29 (2012).

A. A. Mantsvetov, A. A. Umbitaliev, and A. K. Tsytsulin, “The fusion principle in applied television,” Vop. Radioélek. Ser. Tekh. Televid. No. 1, 3 (2012).

A. A. Mantsvetov and A. K. Tsytsulin, “Television camera based on CMOS photodetectors,” Vop. Radioélek. Ser. Tekh. Televid. No. 2, 70 (2006).

V. V. Pyatkov and A. A. Umbitaliev, “CMOS photosensor with a multichannel reference circuit,” Vop. Radioélek. Ser. Tekh. Televid. No. 2, 34 (2011).

Other (14)

Official site of the TeledyneDalsa Co., www.teledynedalsa.com.

Official site of the Hamamatsu Corp., www.hamamatsu.com.

A. A. Mantsvetov, Dynamic Image Transport by CCD Arrays (Izv. GÉTU, St. Petersburg, 1995), pp. 105–112.

V. K. Zvorykin and D. A. Morton, Television: The Electronics of Image Transmission (Wiley, New York, 1954; Izd. Inostran. Lit., 1956).

Official site of the Pixim Co., www.pixim.com.

V. V. Berezin, A. A. Umbitaliev, Sh. S. Fakhmi, A. K. Tsytsulin, and N. N. Shipilov, The Solid-State Revolution in Television (Radio i Svyaz’, Moscow, 2006).

L. I. Khromov, N. V. Lebedev, A. K. Tsytsulin, and A. N. Kulikov, Solid-State Television (Radio i Svyaz’, Moscow, 1986).

L. I. Khromov, A. K. Tsytsulin, and A. N. Kulikov, Video Informatics (Radio i Svyaz’, Moscow, 1991).

Official site of the Hubble Telescope, www.hubblesite.org.

Official site of the TrueSense Imaging Co., (Kodak Imaging), www.truesenseimaging.com.

A. Yu. Dmitrieva, A. A. Mantsvetov, and D. P. Plokhikh, “High-sensitivity TV cameras based on cooled CCD arrays,” in Materials of the 56th Scientific–Technical Conference Devoted to the Day of the Radio, St. Petersburg, April 2001 (Izd-vo SPbGÉTU LÉTI, St. Petersburg, 2001), pp. 97–98.

Official site of the E2V Co., www.e2v.com.

Official site of the WIYN Observatory, www.noao.edu.

L. E. Franks, Signal Theory (Prentice-Hall, 1968; Mir, Moscow, 1974).

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