Abstract

This paper discusses the results of an investigation of the possibility of protecting optical observation facilities from damage by pulsed laser irradiation by using passive optical shutters with a response time no greater than 1 ns. The shutter’s active element is a thin metallic mirror film located at the intermediate focal plane of the system and locally evaporated at the instant of irradiation.

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  1. V. A. Barachevskiĭ, G. I. Lashkov, and V. A. Tsekhomskiĭ, Photochromism and Its Application, Khimiya, Moscow, 1977.
  2. W. Zhang and M. G. Kuzyk, "Optical limiting using Laguerre–Gaussian beams," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201110 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. B. L. Justus, A. J. Campillo, and A. L. Huston, "Thermal-defocusing/scattering optical limiter," Opt. Lett. 19, 673 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Pan, W. Chen, Y. P. Feng, W. Ji, and J. Lin, "Optical limiting properties of metal nanowires," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223106 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. L. Fischer, R. W. Boyd, T. R. Moore, and J. E. Sipe, "Nonlinear-optical Christiansen filter as an optical power limiter," Opt. Lett. 21, 1643 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. N. V. Kamanina, "Photophysics of fullerene-containing media: limiters of laser radiation, diffraction elements, dispersed liquid-crystal light modulators," Nanotekhnika (1), 86 (2006).
  7. I. M. Belousova, V. P. Belousov, O. B. Danilov, N. G. Mironova, T. D. Murav’eva, A. N. Ponomarev, V. V. Ryl’kov, A. G. Skobelev, and M. S. Yur’ev, "Nonlinear-optical limiters of laser radiation based on suspensions of carbon and fulleroid nanoparticles," Opt. Zh. 71, (3), 6 (2004) [J. Opt. Technol. 71, 130 (2004)].
  8. J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, I.-Y. S. Lee, X.-L. Wu, P. V. Bedworth, C.-T. Chen, D. Ng, S. R. Marder, P. Miles, T. Wada, M. Tian, and H. Sasabe, "Organic optical limiter with a strong nonlinear absorptive response," Science 273, (5281), 1533 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. N. Kopylova, A. P. Lugovskiĭ, V. M. Podgaetskiĭ, O. V. Ponomareva, and V. A. Svetlichnyĭ, "Laser-radiation intensity limiter based on polymethine dyes," Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 36, 274 (2006) [Quantum Electron. 36, 274 (2006)].
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyanskiĭ, and T. Usmanov, "Effect of nonlinear refraction and two-photon absorption on the optical limiting in amorphous chalcogenide films," Fiz. Tverd. Tela 45, 198 (2003) [Phys. Solid State 45, 201 (2003)].
  11. N. V. Prudnikov, V. V. Chesnokov, D. V. Chesnokov, S. L. Shergin, and V. B. Shlishevskiĭ, "Using thermally induced nanosize surface deformations to attenuate pulsed light fluxes," Opt. Zh. 76, (2), 36 (2009) [J. Opt. Technol. 76, 82 (2009)].
  12. A. M. Prokhorov, V. I. Konov, I. Ursu, and I. N. Mikhéilesku, Interaction of Laser Radiation with Metals, Nauka, Moscow, 1998.
  13. S. I. Anisimov, Ya. A. Imas, G. S. Romanov, and Yu. V. Khodyko, The Action of High-Power Radiation on Metals, Nauka, Moscow, 1970.
  14. V. P. Veĭko, Laser Processing of Thin-Film Elements, Mashinostroenie, Leningrad, 1986.
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2009 (1)

N. V. Prudnikov, V. V. Chesnokov, D. V. Chesnokov, S. L. Shergin, and V. B. Shlishevskiĭ, "Using thermally induced nanosize surface deformations to attenuate pulsed light fluxes," Opt. Zh. 76, (2), 36 (2009) [J. Opt. Technol. 76, 82 (2009)].

2007 (1)

W. Zhang and M. G. Kuzyk, "Optical limiting using Laguerre–Gaussian beams," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

H. Pan, W. Chen, Y. P. Feng, W. Ji, and J. Lin, "Optical limiting properties of metal nanowires," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Kamanina, "Photophysics of fullerene-containing media: limiters of laser radiation, diffraction elements, dispersed liquid-crystal light modulators," Nanotekhnika (1), 86 (2006).

T. N. Kopylova, A. P. Lugovskiĭ, V. M. Podgaetskiĭ, O. V. Ponomareva, and V. A. Svetlichnyĭ, "Laser-radiation intensity limiter based on polymethine dyes," Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 36, 274 (2006) [Quantum Electron. 36, 274 (2006)].
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

I. M. Belousova, V. P. Belousov, O. B. Danilov, N. G. Mironova, T. D. Murav’eva, A. N. Ponomarev, V. V. Ryl’kov, A. G. Skobelev, and M. S. Yur’ev, "Nonlinear-optical limiters of laser radiation based on suspensions of carbon and fulleroid nanoparticles," Opt. Zh. 71, (3), 6 (2004) [J. Opt. Technol. 71, 130 (2004)].

2003 (1)

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyanskiĭ, and T. Usmanov, "Effect of nonlinear refraction and two-photon absorption on the optical limiting in amorphous chalcogenide films," Fiz. Tverd. Tela 45, 198 (2003) [Phys. Solid State 45, 201 (2003)].

1996 (2)

J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, I.-Y. S. Lee, X.-L. Wu, P. V. Bedworth, C.-T. Chen, D. Ng, S. R. Marder, P. Miles, T. Wada, M. Tian, and H. Sasabe, "Organic optical limiter with a strong nonlinear absorptive response," Science 273, (5281), 1533 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. L. Fischer, R. W. Boyd, T. R. Moore, and J. E. Sipe, "Nonlinear-optical Christiansen filter as an optical power limiter," Opt. Lett. 21, 1643 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1971 (1)

M. P. Vanyukov and V. N. Isaenko, "Formation of powerful pulses with a steep leading edge in a laser system with passive nonlinear elements," Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) (1), 35 (1971) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 1, 23 (1971)].

Anisimov, S. I.

S. I. Anisimov, Ya. A. Imas, G. S. Romanov, and Yu. V. Khodyko, The Action of High-Power Radiation on Metals, Nauka, Moscow, 1970.

Barachevskii, V. A.

V. A. Barachevskiĭ, G. I. Lashkov, and V. A. Tsekhomskiĭ, Photochromism and Its Application, Khimiya, Moscow, 1977.

Bedworth, P. V.

J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, I.-Y. S. Lee, X.-L. Wu, P. V. Bedworth, C.-T. Chen, D. Ng, S. R. Marder, P. Miles, T. Wada, M. Tian, and H. Sasabe, "Organic optical limiter with a strong nonlinear absorptive response," Science 273, (5281), 1533 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Belousov, V. P.

I. M. Belousova, V. P. Belousov, O. B. Danilov, N. G. Mironova, T. D. Murav’eva, A. N. Ponomarev, V. V. Ryl’kov, A. G. Skobelev, and M. S. Yur’ev, "Nonlinear-optical limiters of laser radiation based on suspensions of carbon and fulleroid nanoparticles," Opt. Zh. 71, (3), 6 (2004) [J. Opt. Technol. 71, 130 (2004)].

Belousova, I. M.

I. M. Belousova, V. P. Belousov, O. B. Danilov, N. G. Mironova, T. D. Murav’eva, A. N. Ponomarev, V. V. Ryl’kov, A. G. Skobelev, and M. S. Yur’ev, "Nonlinear-optical limiters of laser radiation based on suspensions of carbon and fulleroid nanoparticles," Opt. Zh. 71, (3), 6 (2004) [J. Opt. Technol. 71, 130 (2004)].

Boyd, R. W.

Campillo, A. J.

Chen, C.-T.

J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, I.-Y. S. Lee, X.-L. Wu, P. V. Bedworth, C.-T. Chen, D. Ng, S. R. Marder, P. Miles, T. Wada, M. Tian, and H. Sasabe, "Organic optical limiter with a strong nonlinear absorptive response," Science 273, (5281), 1533 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.

H. Pan, W. Chen, Y. P. Feng, W. Ji, and J. Lin, "Optical limiting properties of metal nanowires," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chesnokov, D. V.

N. V. Prudnikov, V. V. Chesnokov, D. V. Chesnokov, S. L. Shergin, and V. B. Shlishevskiĭ, "Using thermally induced nanosize surface deformations to attenuate pulsed light fluxes," Opt. Zh. 76, (2), 36 (2009) [J. Opt. Technol. 76, 82 (2009)].

Chesnokov, V. V.

N. V. Prudnikov, V. V. Chesnokov, D. V. Chesnokov, S. L. Shergin, and V. B. Shlishevskiĭ, "Using thermally induced nanosize surface deformations to attenuate pulsed light fluxes," Opt. Zh. 76, (2), 36 (2009) [J. Opt. Technol. 76, 82 (2009)].

Danilov, O. B.

I. M. Belousova, V. P. Belousov, O. B. Danilov, N. G. Mironova, T. D. Murav’eva, A. N. Ponomarev, V. V. Ryl’kov, A. G. Skobelev, and M. S. Yur’ev, "Nonlinear-optical limiters of laser radiation based on suspensions of carbon and fulleroid nanoparticles," Opt. Zh. 71, (3), 6 (2004) [J. Opt. Technol. 71, 130 (2004)].

Feng, Y. P.

H. Pan, W. Chen, Y. P. Feng, W. Ji, and J. Lin, "Optical limiting properties of metal nanowires," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, G. L.

Ganeev, R. A.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyanskiĭ, and T. Usmanov, "Effect of nonlinear refraction and two-photon absorption on the optical limiting in amorphous chalcogenide films," Fiz. Tverd. Tela 45, 198 (2003) [Phys. Solid State 45, 201 (2003)].

Guva, A. Ya.

A. Ya. Guva, Brief Thermophysical Handbook, Sibvuzizdat, Novosibirsk, 2002.

Huston, A. L.

Imas, Ya. A.

S. I. Anisimov, Ya. A. Imas, G. S. Romanov, and Yu. V. Khodyko, The Action of High-Power Radiation on Metals, Nauka, Moscow, 1970.

Isaenko, V. N.

M. P. Vanyukov and V. N. Isaenko, "Formation of powerful pulses with a steep leading edge in a laser system with passive nonlinear elements," Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) (1), 35 (1971) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 1, 23 (1971)].

Ji, W.

H. Pan, W. Chen, Y. P. Feng, W. Ji, and J. Lin, "Optical limiting properties of metal nanowires," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Justus, B. L.

Kamanina, N. V.

N. V. Kamanina, "Photophysics of fullerene-containing media: limiters of laser radiation, diffraction elements, dispersed liquid-crystal light modulators," Nanotekhnika (1), 86 (2006).

Khodyko, Yu. V.

S. I. Anisimov, Ya. A. Imas, G. S. Romanov, and Yu. V. Khodyko, The Action of High-Power Radiation on Metals, Nauka, Moscow, 1970.

Konov, V. I.

A. M. Prokhorov, V. I. Konov, I. Ursu, and I. N. Mikhéilesku, Interaction of Laser Radiation with Metals, Nauka, Moscow, 1998.

Kopylova, T. N.

T. N. Kopylova, A. P. Lugovskiĭ, V. M. Podgaetskiĭ, O. V. Ponomareva, and V. A. Svetlichnyĭ, "Laser-radiation intensity limiter based on polymethine dyes," Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 36, 274 (2006) [Quantum Electron. 36, 274 (2006)].
[CrossRef]

Kuzyk, M. G.

W. Zhang and M. G. Kuzyk, "Optical limiting using Laguerre–Gaussian beams," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lashkov, G. I.

V. A. Barachevskiĭ, G. I. Lashkov, and V. A. Tsekhomskiĭ, Photochromism and Its Application, Khimiya, Moscow, 1977.

Lee, I.-Y. S.

J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, I.-Y. S. Lee, X.-L. Wu, P. V. Bedworth, C.-T. Chen, D. Ng, S. R. Marder, P. Miles, T. Wada, M. Tian, and H. Sasabe, "Organic optical limiter with a strong nonlinear absorptive response," Science 273, (5281), 1533 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J.

H. Pan, W. Chen, Y. P. Feng, W. Ji, and J. Lin, "Optical limiting properties of metal nanowires," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lugovskii, A. P.

T. N. Kopylova, A. P. Lugovskiĭ, V. M. Podgaetskiĭ, O. V. Ponomareva, and V. A. Svetlichnyĭ, "Laser-radiation intensity limiter based on polymethine dyes," Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 36, 274 (2006) [Quantum Electron. 36, 274 (2006)].
[CrossRef]

Mansour, K.

J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, I.-Y. S. Lee, X.-L. Wu, P. V. Bedworth, C.-T. Chen, D. Ng, S. R. Marder, P. Miles, T. Wada, M. Tian, and H. Sasabe, "Organic optical limiter with a strong nonlinear absorptive response," Science 273, (5281), 1533 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Marder, S. R.

J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, I.-Y. S. Lee, X.-L. Wu, P. V. Bedworth, C.-T. Chen, D. Ng, S. R. Marder, P. Miles, T. Wada, M. Tian, and H. Sasabe, "Organic optical limiter with a strong nonlinear absorptive response," Science 273, (5281), 1533 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mikhéilesku, I. N.

A. M. Prokhorov, V. I. Konov, I. Ursu, and I. N. Mikhéilesku, Interaction of Laser Radiation with Metals, Nauka, Moscow, 1998.

Miles, P.

J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, I.-Y. S. Lee, X.-L. Wu, P. V. Bedworth, C.-T. Chen, D. Ng, S. R. Marder, P. Miles, T. Wada, M. Tian, and H. Sasabe, "Organic optical limiter with a strong nonlinear absorptive response," Science 273, (5281), 1533 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mironova, N. G.

I. M. Belousova, V. P. Belousov, O. B. Danilov, N. G. Mironova, T. D. Murav’eva, A. N. Ponomarev, V. V. Ryl’kov, A. G. Skobelev, and M. S. Yur’ev, "Nonlinear-optical limiters of laser radiation based on suspensions of carbon and fulleroid nanoparticles," Opt. Zh. 71, (3), 6 (2004) [J. Opt. Technol. 71, 130 (2004)].

Moore, T. R.

Murav’eva, T. D.

I. M. Belousova, V. P. Belousov, O. B. Danilov, N. G. Mironova, T. D. Murav’eva, A. N. Ponomarev, V. V. Ryl’kov, A. G. Skobelev, and M. S. Yur’ev, "Nonlinear-optical limiters of laser radiation based on suspensions of carbon and fulleroid nanoparticles," Opt. Zh. 71, (3), 6 (2004) [J. Opt. Technol. 71, 130 (2004)].

Ng, D.

J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, I.-Y. S. Lee, X.-L. Wu, P. V. Bedworth, C.-T. Chen, D. Ng, S. R. Marder, P. Miles, T. Wada, M. Tian, and H. Sasabe, "Organic optical limiter with a strong nonlinear absorptive response," Science 273, (5281), 1533 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pan, H.

H. Pan, W. Chen, Y. P. Feng, W. Ji, and J. Lin, "Optical limiting properties of metal nanowires," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Perry, J. W.

J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, I.-Y. S. Lee, X.-L. Wu, P. V. Bedworth, C.-T. Chen, D. Ng, S. R. Marder, P. Miles, T. Wada, M. Tian, and H. Sasabe, "Organic optical limiter with a strong nonlinear absorptive response," Science 273, (5281), 1533 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Podgaetskii, V. M.

T. N. Kopylova, A. P. Lugovskiĭ, V. M. Podgaetskiĭ, O. V. Ponomareva, and V. A. Svetlichnyĭ, "Laser-radiation intensity limiter based on polymethine dyes," Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 36, 274 (2006) [Quantum Electron. 36, 274 (2006)].
[CrossRef]

Ponomarev, A. N.

I. M. Belousova, V. P. Belousov, O. B. Danilov, N. G. Mironova, T. D. Murav’eva, A. N. Ponomarev, V. V. Ryl’kov, A. G. Skobelev, and M. S. Yur’ev, "Nonlinear-optical limiters of laser radiation based on suspensions of carbon and fulleroid nanoparticles," Opt. Zh. 71, (3), 6 (2004) [J. Opt. Technol. 71, 130 (2004)].

Ponomareva, O. V.

T. N. Kopylova, A. P. Lugovskiĭ, V. M. Podgaetskiĭ, O. V. Ponomareva, and V. A. Svetlichnyĭ, "Laser-radiation intensity limiter based on polymethine dyes," Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 36, 274 (2006) [Quantum Electron. 36, 274 (2006)].
[CrossRef]

Prokhorov, A. M.

A. M. Prokhorov, V. I. Konov, I. Ursu, and I. N. Mikhéilesku, Interaction of Laser Radiation with Metals, Nauka, Moscow, 1998.

Prudnikov, N. V.

N. V. Prudnikov, V. V. Chesnokov, D. V. Chesnokov, S. L. Shergin, and V. B. Shlishevskiĭ, "Using thermally induced nanosize surface deformations to attenuate pulsed light fluxes," Opt. Zh. 76, (2), 36 (2009) [J. Opt. Technol. 76, 82 (2009)].

Romanov, G. S.

S. I. Anisimov, Ya. A. Imas, G. S. Romanov, and Yu. V. Khodyko, The Action of High-Power Radiation on Metals, Nauka, Moscow, 1970.

Ryasnyanskii, A. I.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyanskiĭ, and T. Usmanov, "Effect of nonlinear refraction and two-photon absorption on the optical limiting in amorphous chalcogenide films," Fiz. Tverd. Tela 45, 198 (2003) [Phys. Solid State 45, 201 (2003)].

Ryl’kov, V. V.

I. M. Belousova, V. P. Belousov, O. B. Danilov, N. G. Mironova, T. D. Murav’eva, A. N. Ponomarev, V. V. Ryl’kov, A. G. Skobelev, and M. S. Yur’ev, "Nonlinear-optical limiters of laser radiation based on suspensions of carbon and fulleroid nanoparticles," Opt. Zh. 71, (3), 6 (2004) [J. Opt. Technol. 71, 130 (2004)].

Sasabe, H.

J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, I.-Y. S. Lee, X.-L. Wu, P. V. Bedworth, C.-T. Chen, D. Ng, S. R. Marder, P. Miles, T. Wada, M. Tian, and H. Sasabe, "Organic optical limiter with a strong nonlinear absorptive response," Science 273, (5281), 1533 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shergin, S. L.

N. V. Prudnikov, V. V. Chesnokov, D. V. Chesnokov, S. L. Shergin, and V. B. Shlishevskiĭ, "Using thermally induced nanosize surface deformations to attenuate pulsed light fluxes," Opt. Zh. 76, (2), 36 (2009) [J. Opt. Technol. 76, 82 (2009)].

Shlishevskii, V. B.

N. V. Prudnikov, V. V. Chesnokov, D. V. Chesnokov, S. L. Shergin, and V. B. Shlishevskiĭ, "Using thermally induced nanosize surface deformations to attenuate pulsed light fluxes," Opt. Zh. 76, (2), 36 (2009) [J. Opt. Technol. 76, 82 (2009)].

Sipe, J. E.

Skobelev, A. G.

I. M. Belousova, V. P. Belousov, O. B. Danilov, N. G. Mironova, T. D. Murav’eva, A. N. Ponomarev, V. V. Ryl’kov, A. G. Skobelev, and M. S. Yur’ev, "Nonlinear-optical limiters of laser radiation based on suspensions of carbon and fulleroid nanoparticles," Opt. Zh. 71, (3), 6 (2004) [J. Opt. Technol. 71, 130 (2004)].

Svetlichnyi, V. A.

T. N. Kopylova, A. P. Lugovskiĭ, V. M. Podgaetskiĭ, O. V. Ponomareva, and V. A. Svetlichnyĭ, "Laser-radiation intensity limiter based on polymethine dyes," Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 36, 274 (2006) [Quantum Electron. 36, 274 (2006)].
[CrossRef]

Tian, M.

J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, I.-Y. S. Lee, X.-L. Wu, P. V. Bedworth, C.-T. Chen, D. Ng, S. R. Marder, P. Miles, T. Wada, M. Tian, and H. Sasabe, "Organic optical limiter with a strong nonlinear absorptive response," Science 273, (5281), 1533 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tsekhomskii, V. A.

V. A. Barachevskiĭ, G. I. Lashkov, and V. A. Tsekhomskiĭ, Photochromism and Its Application, Khimiya, Moscow, 1977.

Ursu, I.

A. M. Prokhorov, V. I. Konov, I. Ursu, and I. N. Mikhéilesku, Interaction of Laser Radiation with Metals, Nauka, Moscow, 1998.

Usmanov, T.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyanskiĭ, and T. Usmanov, "Effect of nonlinear refraction and two-photon absorption on the optical limiting in amorphous chalcogenide films," Fiz. Tverd. Tela 45, 198 (2003) [Phys. Solid State 45, 201 (2003)].

Vanyukov, M. P.

M. P. Vanyukov and V. N. Isaenko, "Formation of powerful pulses with a steep leading edge in a laser system with passive nonlinear elements," Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) (1), 35 (1971) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 1, 23 (1971)].

Veiko, V. P.

V. P. Veĭko, Laser Processing of Thin-Film Elements, Mashinostroenie, Leningrad, 1986.

Wada, T.

J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, I.-Y. S. Lee, X.-L. Wu, P. V. Bedworth, C.-T. Chen, D. Ng, S. R. Marder, P. Miles, T. Wada, M. Tian, and H. Sasabe, "Organic optical limiter with a strong nonlinear absorptive response," Science 273, (5281), 1533 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wu, X.-L.

J. W. Perry, K. Mansour, I.-Y. S. Lee, X.-L. Wu, P. V. Bedworth, C.-T. Chen, D. Ng, S. R. Marder, P. Miles, T. Wada, M. Tian, and H. Sasabe, "Organic optical limiter with a strong nonlinear absorptive response," Science 273, (5281), 1533 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yur’ev, M. S.

I. M. Belousova, V. P. Belousov, O. B. Danilov, N. G. Mironova, T. D. Murav’eva, A. N. Ponomarev, V. V. Ryl’kov, A. G. Skobelev, and M. S. Yur’ev, "Nonlinear-optical limiters of laser radiation based on suspensions of carbon and fulleroid nanoparticles," Opt. Zh. 71, (3), 6 (2004) [J. Opt. Technol. 71, 130 (2004)].

Zhang, W.

W. Zhang and M. G. Kuzyk, "Optical limiting using Laguerre–Gaussian beams," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

W. Zhang and M. G. Kuzyk, "Optical limiting using Laguerre–Gaussian beams," Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 201110 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Pan, W. Chen, Y. P. Feng, W. Ji, and J. Lin, "Optical limiting properties of metal nanowires," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 223106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fiz. Tverd. Tela (1)

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyanskiĭ, and T. Usmanov, "Effect of nonlinear refraction and two-photon absorption on the optical limiting in amorphous chalcogenide films," Fiz. Tverd. Tela 45, 198 (2003) [Phys. Solid State 45, 201 (2003)].

Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) (2)

T. N. Kopylova, A. P. Lugovskiĭ, V. M. Podgaetskiĭ, O. V. Ponomareva, and V. A. Svetlichnyĭ, "Laser-radiation intensity limiter based on polymethine dyes," Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) 36, 274 (2006) [Quantum Electron. 36, 274 (2006)].
[CrossRef]

M. P. Vanyukov and V. N. Isaenko, "Formation of powerful pulses with a steep leading edge in a laser system with passive nonlinear elements," Kvant. Elektron. (Moscow) (1), 35 (1971) [Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 1, 23 (1971)].

Nanotekhnika (1)

N. V. Kamanina, "Photophysics of fullerene-containing media: limiters of laser radiation, diffraction elements, dispersed liquid-crystal light modulators," Nanotekhnika (1), 86 (2006).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Zh. (2)

I. M. Belousova, V. P. Belousov, O. B. Danilov, N. G. Mironova, T. D. Murav’eva, A. N. Ponomarev, V. V. Ryl’kov, A. G. Skobelev, and M. S. Yur’ev, "Nonlinear-optical limiters of laser radiation based on suspensions of carbon and fulleroid nanoparticles," Opt. Zh. 71, (3), 6 (2004) [J. Opt. Technol. 71, 130 (2004)].

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