Abstract

A study of the encoding of the basic attributes of an image in the human visual cortex by means of moving dipoles has shown for the first time that, in the 50–300-ms interval after the stimulus, equivalent current dipoles of induced-potential waves lasting about 27 ms are displaced predominantly along curved trajectories. At 110–120 ms from the beginning of the stimulus, there is an abrupt displacement of the dipole from a lateral to a medial position. Two zones of preferred localization of the dipoles are detected in the lateral and medial regions of the visual cortex, whose coordinates coincide with the beginning and end of the trajectories, while the size varies as a function of the phase of the potential. The resulting data are important for estimating the dynamics and kinetics of the processing of the attributes of an image in the visual cortex of the human brain.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. M. N. Livanov and V. M. Anan’ev, Electrical Encephaloscopy (Medgiz, Moscow, 1960).
  2. B. He, T. Musha, Y. Okamoto, and S. Homma, “Electric dipole tracing in the human brain by means of the boundary-element method and its accuracy,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 34, 406 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. T. Musha and S. Homma, “Do optimal dipoles obtained by the dipole-tracing method always suggest true source locations?” Brain Topogr. 3, 143 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. Scherg, “Fundamentals of dipole source analysis,” in Auditory Evoked Magnetic Fields and Electric Potentials, eds., F. Grandori, M. Hoke, and G. L. Romani(Karger, 1990), pp. 40–69.
  5. E. S. Mikhaĭlova, A. V. Slavutskaya, V. A. Konyshev, Yu. A. Pirogov, N. V. Anisimov, and I. A. Shevelev, “Localization of the P1 dipole wave of the visual induced potential of the human brain,” Dok. Ross. Akad. Nauk 409, No. 5, 1 (2006).
  6. F. Di Russo, A. Martínez, M. I. Sereno, S. Pitzalis, and S. Hillyard, “Cortical sources of the early components of the visual evoked potential,” Hum. Brain Mapp. 15, No. 2, 95 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. C. J. Stok, H. J. Spekreijse, M. J. Peters, H. B. Boom, and F. H. Lopes da Silva, “A comparative EEG/MEG equivalent-dipole study of the pattern-onset visual response,” EEG Clin. Neurophysiol. 41S, 34 (1990).
  8. K. Whittingstall, G. Stroink, and M. Schmidt, “Evaluating the spatial relationship of event-related potential and functional MRI sources in the primary visual cortex,” Hum. Brain Mapp. 28, No. 2, 134 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. C. J. Aine, S. Supek, and J. S. George, “Temporal dynamics of visual-evoked neuromagnetic sources: effects of stimulus parameters and selective attention,” Int. J. Neurosci. 80, No. 1–4, 79 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. E. K. Vogel and S. J. Luck, “The visual N1 component as an index of a discrimination process,” Psychophysiology 37, 190 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. E. D. Bark, I. A. Shevelev, M. A. Kulikov, V. M. Kamenkovich, and L. N. Pokazan’eva, “Trajectories over the human brain of a dipole source of background alpha activity,” Zh. Vyssh. Nerv. Deyat. 55, 336 (2005).
  12. A. Angelucci and P. C. Bressloff, “Contribution of feedforward, lateral and feedback connections to the classical receptive field center and extra-classical receptive field surround of primate V1 neurons,” Prog. Brain Res. 154, 93 (2006).
    [PubMed]

2007 (1)

K. Whittingstall, G. Stroink, and M. Schmidt, “Evaluating the spatial relationship of event-related potential and functional MRI sources in the primary visual cortex,” Hum. Brain Mapp. 28, No. 2, 134 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

E. S. Mikhaĭlova, A. V. Slavutskaya, V. A. Konyshev, Yu. A. Pirogov, N. V. Anisimov, and I. A. Shevelev, “Localization of the P1 dipole wave of the visual induced potential of the human brain,” Dok. Ross. Akad. Nauk 409, No. 5, 1 (2006).

A. Angelucci and P. C. Bressloff, “Contribution of feedforward, lateral and feedback connections to the classical receptive field center and extra-classical receptive field surround of primate V1 neurons,” Prog. Brain Res. 154, 93 (2006).
[PubMed]

2005 (1)

E. D. Bark, I. A. Shevelev, M. A. Kulikov, V. M. Kamenkovich, and L. N. Pokazan’eva, “Trajectories over the human brain of a dipole source of background alpha activity,” Zh. Vyssh. Nerv. Deyat. 55, 336 (2005).

2002 (1)

F. Di Russo, A. Martínez, M. I. Sereno, S. Pitzalis, and S. Hillyard, “Cortical sources of the early components of the visual evoked potential,” Hum. Brain Mapp. 15, No. 2, 95 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

E. K. Vogel and S. J. Luck, “The visual N1 component as an index of a discrimination process,” Psychophysiology 37, 190 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

C. J. Aine, S. Supek, and J. S. George, “Temporal dynamics of visual-evoked neuromagnetic sources: effects of stimulus parameters and selective attention,” Int. J. Neurosci. 80, No. 1–4, 79 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (2)

C. J. Stok, H. J. Spekreijse, M. J. Peters, H. B. Boom, and F. H. Lopes da Silva, “A comparative EEG/MEG equivalent-dipole study of the pattern-onset visual response,” EEG Clin. Neurophysiol. 41S, 34 (1990).

T. Musha and S. Homma, “Do optimal dipoles obtained by the dipole-tracing method always suggest true source locations?” Brain Topogr. 3, 143 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (1)

B. He, T. Musha, Y. Okamoto, and S. Homma, “Electric dipole tracing in the human brain by means of the boundary-element method and its accuracy,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 34, 406 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aine, C. J.

C. J. Aine, S. Supek, and J. S. George, “Temporal dynamics of visual-evoked neuromagnetic sources: effects of stimulus parameters and selective attention,” Int. J. Neurosci. 80, No. 1–4, 79 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anan’ev, V. M.

M. N. Livanov and V. M. Anan’ev, Electrical Encephaloscopy (Medgiz, Moscow, 1960).

Angelucci, A.

A. Angelucci and P. C. Bressloff, “Contribution of feedforward, lateral and feedback connections to the classical receptive field center and extra-classical receptive field surround of primate V1 neurons,” Prog. Brain Res. 154, 93 (2006).
[PubMed]

Anisimov, N. V.

E. S. Mikhaĭlova, A. V. Slavutskaya, V. A. Konyshev, Yu. A. Pirogov, N. V. Anisimov, and I. A. Shevelev, “Localization of the P1 dipole wave of the visual induced potential of the human brain,” Dok. Ross. Akad. Nauk 409, No. 5, 1 (2006).

Bark, E. D.

E. D. Bark, I. A. Shevelev, M. A. Kulikov, V. M. Kamenkovich, and L. N. Pokazan’eva, “Trajectories over the human brain of a dipole source of background alpha activity,” Zh. Vyssh. Nerv. Deyat. 55, 336 (2005).

Boom, H. B.

C. J. Stok, H. J. Spekreijse, M. J. Peters, H. B. Boom, and F. H. Lopes da Silva, “A comparative EEG/MEG equivalent-dipole study of the pattern-onset visual response,” EEG Clin. Neurophysiol. 41S, 34 (1990).

Bressloff, P. C.

A. Angelucci and P. C. Bressloff, “Contribution of feedforward, lateral and feedback connections to the classical receptive field center and extra-classical receptive field surround of primate V1 neurons,” Prog. Brain Res. 154, 93 (2006).
[PubMed]

Di Russo, F.

F. Di Russo, A. Martínez, M. I. Sereno, S. Pitzalis, and S. Hillyard, “Cortical sources of the early components of the visual evoked potential,” Hum. Brain Mapp. 15, No. 2, 95 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

George, J. S.

C. J. Aine, S. Supek, and J. S. George, “Temporal dynamics of visual-evoked neuromagnetic sources: effects of stimulus parameters and selective attention,” Int. J. Neurosci. 80, No. 1–4, 79 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

He, B.

B. He, T. Musha, Y. Okamoto, and S. Homma, “Electric dipole tracing in the human brain by means of the boundary-element method and its accuracy,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 34, 406 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hillyard, S.

F. Di Russo, A. Martínez, M. I. Sereno, S. Pitzalis, and S. Hillyard, “Cortical sources of the early components of the visual evoked potential,” Hum. Brain Mapp. 15, No. 2, 95 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Homma, S.

T. Musha and S. Homma, “Do optimal dipoles obtained by the dipole-tracing method always suggest true source locations?” Brain Topogr. 3, 143 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. He, T. Musha, Y. Okamoto, and S. Homma, “Electric dipole tracing in the human brain by means of the boundary-element method and its accuracy,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 34, 406 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kamenkovich, V. M.

E. D. Bark, I. A. Shevelev, M. A. Kulikov, V. M. Kamenkovich, and L. N. Pokazan’eva, “Trajectories over the human brain of a dipole source of background alpha activity,” Zh. Vyssh. Nerv. Deyat. 55, 336 (2005).

Konyshev, V. A.

E. S. Mikhaĭlova, A. V. Slavutskaya, V. A. Konyshev, Yu. A. Pirogov, N. V. Anisimov, and I. A. Shevelev, “Localization of the P1 dipole wave of the visual induced potential of the human brain,” Dok. Ross. Akad. Nauk 409, No. 5, 1 (2006).

Kulikov, M. A.

E. D. Bark, I. A. Shevelev, M. A. Kulikov, V. M. Kamenkovich, and L. N. Pokazan’eva, “Trajectories over the human brain of a dipole source of background alpha activity,” Zh. Vyssh. Nerv. Deyat. 55, 336 (2005).

Livanov, M. N.

M. N. Livanov and V. M. Anan’ev, Electrical Encephaloscopy (Medgiz, Moscow, 1960).

Lopes da Silva, F. H.

C. J. Stok, H. J. Spekreijse, M. J. Peters, H. B. Boom, and F. H. Lopes da Silva, “A comparative EEG/MEG equivalent-dipole study of the pattern-onset visual response,” EEG Clin. Neurophysiol. 41S, 34 (1990).

Luck, S. J.

E. K. Vogel and S. J. Luck, “The visual N1 component as an index of a discrimination process,” Psychophysiology 37, 190 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martínez, A.

F. Di Russo, A. Martínez, M. I. Sereno, S. Pitzalis, and S. Hillyard, “Cortical sources of the early components of the visual evoked potential,” Hum. Brain Mapp. 15, No. 2, 95 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mikhailova, E. S.

E. S. Mikhaĭlova, A. V. Slavutskaya, V. A. Konyshev, Yu. A. Pirogov, N. V. Anisimov, and I. A. Shevelev, “Localization of the P1 dipole wave of the visual induced potential of the human brain,” Dok. Ross. Akad. Nauk 409, No. 5, 1 (2006).

Musha, T.

T. Musha and S. Homma, “Do optimal dipoles obtained by the dipole-tracing method always suggest true source locations?” Brain Topogr. 3, 143 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. He, T. Musha, Y. Okamoto, and S. Homma, “Electric dipole tracing in the human brain by means of the boundary-element method and its accuracy,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 34, 406 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okamoto, Y.

B. He, T. Musha, Y. Okamoto, and S. Homma, “Electric dipole tracing in the human brain by means of the boundary-element method and its accuracy,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 34, 406 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peters, M. J.

C. J. Stok, H. J. Spekreijse, M. J. Peters, H. B. Boom, and F. H. Lopes da Silva, “A comparative EEG/MEG equivalent-dipole study of the pattern-onset visual response,” EEG Clin. Neurophysiol. 41S, 34 (1990).

Pirogov, Yu. A.

E. S. Mikhaĭlova, A. V. Slavutskaya, V. A. Konyshev, Yu. A. Pirogov, N. V. Anisimov, and I. A. Shevelev, “Localization of the P1 dipole wave of the visual induced potential of the human brain,” Dok. Ross. Akad. Nauk 409, No. 5, 1 (2006).

Pitzalis, S.

F. Di Russo, A. Martínez, M. I. Sereno, S. Pitzalis, and S. Hillyard, “Cortical sources of the early components of the visual evoked potential,” Hum. Brain Mapp. 15, No. 2, 95 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pokazan’eva, L. N.

E. D. Bark, I. A. Shevelev, M. A. Kulikov, V. M. Kamenkovich, and L. N. Pokazan’eva, “Trajectories over the human brain of a dipole source of background alpha activity,” Zh. Vyssh. Nerv. Deyat. 55, 336 (2005).

Scherg, M.

M. Scherg, “Fundamentals of dipole source analysis,” in Auditory Evoked Magnetic Fields and Electric Potentials, eds., F. Grandori, M. Hoke, and G. L. Romani(Karger, 1990), pp. 40–69.

Schmidt, M.

K. Whittingstall, G. Stroink, and M. Schmidt, “Evaluating the spatial relationship of event-related potential and functional MRI sources in the primary visual cortex,” Hum. Brain Mapp. 28, No. 2, 134 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sereno, M. I.

F. Di Russo, A. Martínez, M. I. Sereno, S. Pitzalis, and S. Hillyard, “Cortical sources of the early components of the visual evoked potential,” Hum. Brain Mapp. 15, No. 2, 95 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shevelev, I. A.

E. S. Mikhaĭlova, A. V. Slavutskaya, V. A. Konyshev, Yu. A. Pirogov, N. V. Anisimov, and I. A. Shevelev, “Localization of the P1 dipole wave of the visual induced potential of the human brain,” Dok. Ross. Akad. Nauk 409, No. 5, 1 (2006).

E. D. Bark, I. A. Shevelev, M. A. Kulikov, V. M. Kamenkovich, and L. N. Pokazan’eva, “Trajectories over the human brain of a dipole source of background alpha activity,” Zh. Vyssh. Nerv. Deyat. 55, 336 (2005).

Slavutskaya, A. V.

E. S. Mikhaĭlova, A. V. Slavutskaya, V. A. Konyshev, Yu. A. Pirogov, N. V. Anisimov, and I. A. Shevelev, “Localization of the P1 dipole wave of the visual induced potential of the human brain,” Dok. Ross. Akad. Nauk 409, No. 5, 1 (2006).

Spekreijse, H. J.

C. J. Stok, H. J. Spekreijse, M. J. Peters, H. B. Boom, and F. H. Lopes da Silva, “A comparative EEG/MEG equivalent-dipole study of the pattern-onset visual response,” EEG Clin. Neurophysiol. 41S, 34 (1990).

Stok, C. J.

C. J. Stok, H. J. Spekreijse, M. J. Peters, H. B. Boom, and F. H. Lopes da Silva, “A comparative EEG/MEG equivalent-dipole study of the pattern-onset visual response,” EEG Clin. Neurophysiol. 41S, 34 (1990).

Stroink, G.

K. Whittingstall, G. Stroink, and M. Schmidt, “Evaluating the spatial relationship of event-related potential and functional MRI sources in the primary visual cortex,” Hum. Brain Mapp. 28, No. 2, 134 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Supek, S.

C. J. Aine, S. Supek, and J. S. George, “Temporal dynamics of visual-evoked neuromagnetic sources: effects of stimulus parameters and selective attention,” Int. J. Neurosci. 80, No. 1–4, 79 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vogel, E. K.

E. K. Vogel and S. J. Luck, “The visual N1 component as an index of a discrimination process,” Psychophysiology 37, 190 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Whittingstall, K.

K. Whittingstall, G. Stroink, and M. Schmidt, “Evaluating the spatial relationship of event-related potential and functional MRI sources in the primary visual cortex,” Hum. Brain Mapp. 28, No. 2, 134 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brain Topogr. (1)

T. Musha and S. Homma, “Do optimal dipoles obtained by the dipole-tracing method always suggest true source locations?” Brain Topogr. 3, 143 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dok. Ross. Akad. Nauk (1)

E. S. Mikhaĭlova, A. V. Slavutskaya, V. A. Konyshev, Yu. A. Pirogov, N. V. Anisimov, and I. A. Shevelev, “Localization of the P1 dipole wave of the visual induced potential of the human brain,” Dok. Ross. Akad. Nauk 409, No. 5, 1 (2006).

EEG Clin. Neurophysiol. (1)

C. J. Stok, H. J. Spekreijse, M. J. Peters, H. B. Boom, and F. H. Lopes da Silva, “A comparative EEG/MEG equivalent-dipole study of the pattern-onset visual response,” EEG Clin. Neurophysiol. 41S, 34 (1990).

Hum. Brain Mapp. (2)

K. Whittingstall, G. Stroink, and M. Schmidt, “Evaluating the spatial relationship of event-related potential and functional MRI sources in the primary visual cortex,” Hum. Brain Mapp. 28, No. 2, 134 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Di Russo, A. Martínez, M. I. Sereno, S. Pitzalis, and S. Hillyard, “Cortical sources of the early components of the visual evoked potential,” Hum. Brain Mapp. 15, No. 2, 95 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. (1)

B. He, T. Musha, Y. Okamoto, and S. Homma, “Electric dipole tracing in the human brain by means of the boundary-element method and its accuracy,” IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 34, 406 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Int. J. Neurosci. (1)

C. J. Aine, S. Supek, and J. S. George, “Temporal dynamics of visual-evoked neuromagnetic sources: effects of stimulus parameters and selective attention,” Int. J. Neurosci. 80, No. 1–4, 79 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prog. Brain Res. (1)

A. Angelucci and P. C. Bressloff, “Contribution of feedforward, lateral and feedback connections to the classical receptive field center and extra-classical receptive field surround of primate V1 neurons,” Prog. Brain Res. 154, 93 (2006).
[PubMed]

Psychophysiology (1)

E. K. Vogel and S. J. Luck, “The visual N1 component as an index of a discrimination process,” Psychophysiology 37, 190 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zh. Vyssh. Nerv. Deyat. (1)

E. D. Bark, I. A. Shevelev, M. A. Kulikov, V. M. Kamenkovich, and L. N. Pokazan’eva, “Trajectories over the human brain of a dipole source of background alpha activity,” Zh. Vyssh. Nerv. Deyat. 55, 336 (2005).

Other (2)

M. N. Livanov and V. M. Anan’ev, Electrical Encephaloscopy (Medgiz, Moscow, 1960).

M. Scherg, “Fundamentals of dipole source analysis,” in Auditory Evoked Magnetic Fields and Electric Potentials, eds., F. Grandori, M. Hoke, and G. L. Romani(Karger, 1990), pp. 40–69.

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