Abstract

This paper presents the main development trends of modern foreign light microscopes of development and manufacturing companies. Advanced technologies are stimulating the creation of new optoelectronic, digital, and motorized systems of light microscopes and promoting the development of natural and technical sciences. The tendency to increase the resolving power of light microscopes results in a transition to a new qualitative level of designing the microscope’s entire optical system, starting from the light source all the way to the sensitive image-reproduction element. The same tendency produces an increase of new research methods, such as relief contrast and methods based on laser technologies. The redistribution of production efforts makes it possible for the leading firms, which determine the development trends of light microscopy, to concentrate on high-tech and high-resolution models of microscopes.

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  1. A. N. Zakhar’evskiĭ, ed., Questions of Microscopy. A Collection of Articles, Moscow, Mashinostro. Lit, 1956.
  2. V. A. Panov and L. N. Andreev, Microscope Optics, Mashinostroenie, Leningrad, 1976.
  3. L. A. Fedin and I. Ya. Barskiĭ, Microphotography, Nauka, Leningrad, 1971.
  4. V. A. Panov and L. N. Andreev, Microscope Optics, Mashinostroenie, Leningrad, 1976.
  5. O. V. Egorova, "Methods of estimating the processability and quality control of the next-generation optical systems of microscope objectives," Author’s Abstract for Candidate’s Dissertation, St. Petersburg, SPbGU ITMO, 1995.
  6. K. Michel, Die Grundlagen der Theorie des Mikroskops, Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft, Stuttgart, 1950, Gostekhizdat, Moscow, 1955.
  7. O. V. Egorova, "Stages of a great path 160 years long," Lab. Diag. Terra Med. (3), 15 (2006).
  8. O. V. Egorova, "A set of light microscopes of the Motic Corp. for embryology," Prob. Reprod. 14, 44 (2008).
  9. O. V. Egorova, "Working microscopes made by Motic Corp. for clinical studies," Ross Vest. Akush. Ginek. (1), 30 (2009).
  10. O. V. Egorova and M. Yu. Egorov, "Modern aids for the clinical laboratory," Medits. Alfavit. Lab. (2), 5 (2010).
  11. O. V. Egorova, "New products on the Russian light-microscope market," Medits. Kartoteka (11), 4 (2008).
  12. B. Nolting, Methods in Modern Biophysics, Springer, New York, 2009, Moscow, 2005.
  13. A. R. Clark and C. N. Eberhardt, Microscopy Techniques for Materials Science, Woodhead Publishing Ltd., Cambridge, 2002, Moscow, 2007.
  14. "Basics of light microscopy & imaging," Imaging & Microscopy, 2005.
  15. O. V. Egorova, "Modern stereoscopic microscopes," Oborud. Instrum. Profess. (4), 112 (2008).
  16. O. V. Egorova, Technical Microscopy. On Familiar Terms with the Microscope, Moscow, 2007.
  17. O. V. Egorova, On Familiar Terms with the Microscope. A Step into the Twenty-First Century. Light Microscopes for Biology and Medicine, Moscow, 2006.
  18. V. Panteleev, O. Egorova, and E. Klykova, Computer Microscopy, Moscow, 2005.

2010 (1)

O. V. Egorova and M. Yu. Egorov, "Modern aids for the clinical laboratory," Medits. Alfavit. Lab. (2), 5 (2010).

2009 (1)

O. V. Egorova, "Working microscopes made by Motic Corp. for clinical studies," Ross Vest. Akush. Ginek. (1), 30 (2009).

2008 (3)

O. V. Egorova, "New products on the Russian light-microscope market," Medits. Kartoteka (11), 4 (2008).

O. V. Egorova, "Modern stereoscopic microscopes," Oborud. Instrum. Profess. (4), 112 (2008).

O. V. Egorova, "A set of light microscopes of the Motic Corp. for embryology," Prob. Reprod. 14, 44 (2008).

2006 (1)

O. V. Egorova, "Stages of a great path 160 years long," Lab. Diag. Terra Med. (3), 15 (2006).

Andreev, L. N.

V. A. Panov and L. N. Andreev, Microscope Optics, Mashinostroenie, Leningrad, 1976.

V. A. Panov and L. N. Andreev, Microscope Optics, Mashinostroenie, Leningrad, 1976.

Barskii, I. Ya.

L. A. Fedin and I. Ya. Barskiĭ, Microphotography, Nauka, Leningrad, 1971.

Clark, A. R.

A. R. Clark and C. N. Eberhardt, Microscopy Techniques for Materials Science, Woodhead Publishing Ltd., Cambridge, 2002, Moscow, 2007.

Eberhardt, C. N.

A. R. Clark and C. N. Eberhardt, Microscopy Techniques for Materials Science, Woodhead Publishing Ltd., Cambridge, 2002, Moscow, 2007.

Egorov, M. Yu.

O. V. Egorova and M. Yu. Egorov, "Modern aids for the clinical laboratory," Medits. Alfavit. Lab. (2), 5 (2010).

Egorova, O.

V. Panteleev, O. Egorova, and E. Klykova, Computer Microscopy, Moscow, 2005.

Egorova, O. V.

O. V. Egorova and M. Yu. Egorov, "Modern aids for the clinical laboratory," Medits. Alfavit. Lab. (2), 5 (2010).

O. V. Egorova, "Working microscopes made by Motic Corp. for clinical studies," Ross Vest. Akush. Ginek. (1), 30 (2009).

O. V. Egorova, "A set of light microscopes of the Motic Corp. for embryology," Prob. Reprod. 14, 44 (2008).

O. V. Egorova, "New products on the Russian light-microscope market," Medits. Kartoteka (11), 4 (2008).

O. V. Egorova, "Modern stereoscopic microscopes," Oborud. Instrum. Profess. (4), 112 (2008).

O. V. Egorova, "Stages of a great path 160 years long," Lab. Diag. Terra Med. (3), 15 (2006).

O. V. Egorova, Technical Microscopy. On Familiar Terms with the Microscope, Moscow, 2007.

O. V. Egorova, On Familiar Terms with the Microscope. A Step into the Twenty-First Century. Light Microscopes for Biology and Medicine, Moscow, 2006.

O. V. Egorova, "Methods of estimating the processability and quality control of the next-generation optical systems of microscope objectives," Author’s Abstract for Candidate’s Dissertation, St. Petersburg, SPbGU ITMO, 1995.

Fedin, L. A.

L. A. Fedin and I. Ya. Barskiĭ, Microphotography, Nauka, Leningrad, 1971.

Klykova, E.

V. Panteleev, O. Egorova, and E. Klykova, Computer Microscopy, Moscow, 2005.

Michel, K.

K. Michel, Die Grundlagen der Theorie des Mikroskops, Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft, Stuttgart, 1950, Gostekhizdat, Moscow, 1955.

Nolting, B.

B. Nolting, Methods in Modern Biophysics, Springer, New York, 2009, Moscow, 2005.

Panov, V. A.

V. A. Panov and L. N. Andreev, Microscope Optics, Mashinostroenie, Leningrad, 1976.

V. A. Panov and L. N. Andreev, Microscope Optics, Mashinostroenie, Leningrad, 1976.

Panteleev, V.

V. Panteleev, O. Egorova, and E. Klykova, Computer Microscopy, Moscow, 2005.

Lab. Diag. Terra Med. (1)

O. V. Egorova, "Stages of a great path 160 years long," Lab. Diag. Terra Med. (3), 15 (2006).

Medits. Alfavit. Lab. (1)

O. V. Egorova and M. Yu. Egorov, "Modern aids for the clinical laboratory," Medits. Alfavit. Lab. (2), 5 (2010).

Medits. Kartoteka (1)

O. V. Egorova, "New products on the Russian light-microscope market," Medits. Kartoteka (11), 4 (2008).

Oborud. Instrum. Profess. (1)

O. V. Egorova, "Modern stereoscopic microscopes," Oborud. Instrum. Profess. (4), 112 (2008).

Prob. Reprod. (1)

O. V. Egorova, "A set of light microscopes of the Motic Corp. for embryology," Prob. Reprod. 14, 44 (2008).

Ross Vest. Akush. Ginek. (1)

O. V. Egorova, "Working microscopes made by Motic Corp. for clinical studies," Ross Vest. Akush. Ginek. (1), 30 (2009).

Other (12)

O. V. Egorova, Technical Microscopy. On Familiar Terms with the Microscope, Moscow, 2007.

O. V. Egorova, On Familiar Terms with the Microscope. A Step into the Twenty-First Century. Light Microscopes for Biology and Medicine, Moscow, 2006.

V. Panteleev, O. Egorova, and E. Klykova, Computer Microscopy, Moscow, 2005.

B. Nolting, Methods in Modern Biophysics, Springer, New York, 2009, Moscow, 2005.

A. R. Clark and C. N. Eberhardt, Microscopy Techniques for Materials Science, Woodhead Publishing Ltd., Cambridge, 2002, Moscow, 2007.

"Basics of light microscopy & imaging," Imaging & Microscopy, 2005.

A. N. Zakhar’evskiĭ, ed., Questions of Microscopy. A Collection of Articles, Moscow, Mashinostro. Lit, 1956.

V. A. Panov and L. N. Andreev, Microscope Optics, Mashinostroenie, Leningrad, 1976.

L. A. Fedin and I. Ya. Barskiĭ, Microphotography, Nauka, Leningrad, 1971.

V. A. Panov and L. N. Andreev, Microscope Optics, Mashinostroenie, Leningrad, 1976.

O. V. Egorova, "Methods of estimating the processability and quality control of the next-generation optical systems of microscope objectives," Author’s Abstract for Candidate’s Dissertation, St. Petersburg, SPbGU ITMO, 1995.

K. Michel, Die Grundlagen der Theorie des Mikroskops, Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft, Stuttgart, 1950, Gostekhizdat, Moscow, 1955.

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