Abstract

This paper presents an analysis of the possibilities of rigorously superachromatizing optical systems by including a corrector in them that consists of a diffraction lens and two refraction lenses. A technique for choosing the glasses of the refraction lenses and determining the design parameters of the corrector is presented that simultaneously minimizes its Petzval curvature while superachromatizing the optical system. It is shown that combining a diffraction lens with refraction lenses in the corrector makes it possible to further substantially reduce the spherical aberration and spherical chromatism, as a result of which the polychromatic resolution of the system can be significantly enhanced both on the axis and over the entire angular field of the optical system.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Herzberger, “Color correction in optical systems and a new dispersion formula,” Opt. Acta 6, 197 (1959).
  2. V. N. Churilovskiĭ, The Theory of Third-Order Chromatism and Aberrations (Mashinostroenie, Leningrad, 1968).
  3. M.M.Rusinov, A.P.Grammatin, P.D.Ivanov, eds., Computational Optics: A Handbook (Mashinostroenie, Leningrad, 1984).
  4. M. M. Rusinov, The Composition of Optical Systems (Mashinostroenie, Leningrad, 1989).
  5. M. Herzberger and N. R. McClure, “The design of superachromatic lenses,” Appl. Opt. 2, 553 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Maxwell, “Tertiary spectrum manipulation in apochromats,” Proc. SPIE 1354, 408 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. A. Gan, Theory and Design Methods for Holographic and Kinoform Optical Elements (GOI, Leningrad, 1984).
  8. T. Stone and N. George, “Hybrid diffractive-refractive lenses and achromats,” Appl. Opt. 27, 2960 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. A. Gan, “Optical systems with holographic and kinoform elements,” Proc. SPIE 1136, 150 (1989).
  10. M. A. Gan, “Kinoforms long focal objectives for astronomy,” in Adaptive Optics and Optical Structures, Proceedings of the Meeting of the European Congress on Optics, 1990, pp. 330-338.
  11. M. Gan, I. Potyemin, and A. Perveev, “High-speed apo-lens with kinoform element,” Proc. SPIE 1574, 243 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  12. G. I. Greisukh, E. G. Ezhov, and S. A. Stepanov, “Diffractive-refractive hybrid corrector for achro- and apochromatic corrections of optical systems,” Appl. Opt. 45, 6137 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. G. G. Slyusarev, Methods of Designing Optical Systems (Mashinostroenie, Leningrad, 1969).
  14. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics: Electromagnetic Theory of Propagation, Interference, and Diffraction of Light (Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1970; Nauka, Moscow, 1973).
  15. G. I. Greisukh, S. T. Bobrov, and S. A. Stepanov, Optics of Diffractive and Gradient-Index Elements and Systems (SPIE Press, Bellingham, Wash., 1997).
  16. M. A. Gan, D. D. Zhdanov, V. V. Novoselskiy, S. I. Ustinov, A. O. Fedorov, I. S. Potyemin, and S. N. Bezdidko, “Design of optical systems with HOE by DEMOS program,” Proc. SPIE 1574, 254 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  17. http://www.zemax.com.
  18. B. N. Begunov and P. P. Zakaznov, The Theory of Optical Systems (Mashinostroenie, Moscow, 1973).
  19. G. I. Greĭsukh, E. A. Bezus, D. A. Bykov, E. G. Ezhov, and S. A. Stepanov, “Suppression of the spectral selectivity of two-layer phase-relief diffraction structures,” Opt. Spektrosk. 106, 692 (2009) G. I. Greĭsukh, E. A. Bezus, D. A. Bykov, E. G. Ezhov, and S. A. Stepanov,[Opt. Spectrosc. 106, 621 (2009)].

2009

G. I. Greĭsukh, E. A. Bezus, D. A. Bykov, E. G. Ezhov, and S. A. Stepanov, “Suppression of the spectral selectivity of two-layer phase-relief diffraction structures,” Opt. Spektrosk. 106, 692 (2009) G. I. Greĭsukh, E. A. Bezus, D. A. Bykov, E. G. Ezhov, and S. A. Stepanov,[Opt. Spectrosc. 106, 621 (2009)].

G. I. Greĭsukh, E. A. Bezus, D. A. Bykov, E. G. Ezhov, and S. A. Stepanov, “Suppression of the spectral selectivity of two-layer phase-relief diffraction structures,” Opt. Spektrosk. 106, 692 (2009) G. I. Greĭsukh, E. A. Bezus, D. A. Bykov, E. G. Ezhov, and S. A. Stepanov,[Opt. Spectrosc. 106, 621 (2009)].

2006

1991

M. A. Gan, D. D. Zhdanov, V. V. Novoselskiy, S. I. Ustinov, A. O. Fedorov, I. S. Potyemin, and S. N. Bezdidko, “Design of optical systems with HOE by DEMOS program,” Proc. SPIE 1574, 254 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Gan, I. Potyemin, and A. Perveev, “High-speed apo-lens with kinoform element,” Proc. SPIE 1574, 243 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990

J. Maxwell, “Tertiary spectrum manipulation in apochromats,” Proc. SPIE 1354, 408 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989

M. A. Gan, “Optical systems with holographic and kinoform elements,” Proc. SPIE 1136, 150 (1989).

1988

1963

1959

M. Herzberger, “Color correction in optical systems and a new dispersion formula,” Opt. Acta 6, 197 (1959).

Begunov, B. N.

B. N. Begunov and P. P. Zakaznov, The Theory of Optical Systems (Mashinostroenie, Moscow, 1973).

Bezdidko, S. N.

M. A. Gan, D. D. Zhdanov, V. V. Novoselskiy, S. I. Ustinov, A. O. Fedorov, I. S. Potyemin, and S. N. Bezdidko, “Design of optical systems with HOE by DEMOS program,” Proc. SPIE 1574, 254 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Bezus, E. A.

G. I. Greĭsukh, E. A. Bezus, D. A. Bykov, E. G. Ezhov, and S. A. Stepanov, “Suppression of the spectral selectivity of two-layer phase-relief diffraction structures,” Opt. Spektrosk. 106, 692 (2009) G. I. Greĭsukh, E. A. Bezus, D. A. Bykov, E. G. Ezhov, and S. A. Stepanov,[Opt. Spectrosc. 106, 621 (2009)].

G. I. Greĭsukh, E. A. Bezus, D. A. Bykov, E. G. Ezhov, and S. A. Stepanov, “Suppression of the spectral selectivity of two-layer phase-relief diffraction structures,” Opt. Spektrosk. 106, 692 (2009) G. I. Greĭsukh, E. A. Bezus, D. A. Bykov, E. G. Ezhov, and S. A. Stepanov,[Opt. Spectrosc. 106, 621 (2009)].

Bobrov, S. T.

G. I. Greisukh, S. T. Bobrov, and S. A. Stepanov, Optics of Diffractive and Gradient-Index Elements and Systems (SPIE Press, Bellingham, Wash., 1997).

Born, M.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics: Electromagnetic Theory of Propagation, Interference, and Diffraction of Light (Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1970; Nauka, Moscow, 1973).

Bykov, D. A.

G. I. Greĭsukh, E. A. Bezus, D. A. Bykov, E. G. Ezhov, and S. A. Stepanov, “Suppression of the spectral selectivity of two-layer phase-relief diffraction structures,” Opt. Spektrosk. 106, 692 (2009) G. I. Greĭsukh, E. A. Bezus, D. A. Bykov, E. G. Ezhov, and S. A. Stepanov,[Opt. Spectrosc. 106, 621 (2009)].

G. I. Greĭsukh, E. A. Bezus, D. A. Bykov, E. G. Ezhov, and S. A. Stepanov, “Suppression of the spectral selectivity of two-layer phase-relief diffraction structures,” Opt. Spektrosk. 106, 692 (2009) G. I. Greĭsukh, E. A. Bezus, D. A. Bykov, E. G. Ezhov, and S. A. Stepanov,[Opt. Spectrosc. 106, 621 (2009)].

Churilovskii, V. N.

V. N. Churilovskiĭ, The Theory of Third-Order Chromatism and Aberrations (Mashinostroenie, Leningrad, 1968).

Ezhov, E. G.

G. I. Greĭsukh, E. A. Bezus, D. A. Bykov, E. G. Ezhov, and S. A. Stepanov, “Suppression of the spectral selectivity of two-layer phase-relief diffraction structures,” Opt. Spektrosk. 106, 692 (2009) G. I. Greĭsukh, E. A. Bezus, D. A. Bykov, E. G. Ezhov, and S. A. Stepanov,[Opt. Spectrosc. 106, 621 (2009)].

G. I. Greĭsukh, E. A. Bezus, D. A. Bykov, E. G. Ezhov, and S. A. Stepanov, “Suppression of the spectral selectivity of two-layer phase-relief diffraction structures,” Opt. Spektrosk. 106, 692 (2009) G. I. Greĭsukh, E. A. Bezus, D. A. Bykov, E. G. Ezhov, and S. A. Stepanov,[Opt. Spectrosc. 106, 621 (2009)].

G. I. Greisukh, E. G. Ezhov, and S. A. Stepanov, “Diffractive-refractive hybrid corrector for achro- and apochromatic corrections of optical systems,” Appl. Opt. 45, 6137 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fedorov, A. O.

M. A. Gan, D. D. Zhdanov, V. V. Novoselskiy, S. I. Ustinov, A. O. Fedorov, I. S. Potyemin, and S. N. Bezdidko, “Design of optical systems with HOE by DEMOS program,” Proc. SPIE 1574, 254 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Gan, M.

M. Gan, I. Potyemin, and A. Perveev, “High-speed apo-lens with kinoform element,” Proc. SPIE 1574, 243 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Gan, M. A.

M. A. Gan, D. D. Zhdanov, V. V. Novoselskiy, S. I. Ustinov, A. O. Fedorov, I. S. Potyemin, and S. N. Bezdidko, “Design of optical systems with HOE by DEMOS program,” Proc. SPIE 1574, 254 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Gan, “Optical systems with holographic and kinoform elements,” Proc. SPIE 1136, 150 (1989).

M. A. Gan, “Kinoforms long focal objectives for astronomy,” in Adaptive Optics and Optical Structures, Proceedings of the Meeting of the European Congress on Optics, 1990, pp. 330-338.

M. A. Gan, Theory and Design Methods for Holographic and Kinoform Optical Elements (GOI, Leningrad, 1984).

George, N.

Greisukh, G. I.

G. I. Greĭsukh, E. A. Bezus, D. A. Bykov, E. G. Ezhov, and S. A. Stepanov, “Suppression of the spectral selectivity of two-layer phase-relief diffraction structures,” Opt. Spektrosk. 106, 692 (2009) G. I. Greĭsukh, E. A. Bezus, D. A. Bykov, E. G. Ezhov, and S. A. Stepanov,[Opt. Spectrosc. 106, 621 (2009)].

G. I. Greĭsukh, E. A. Bezus, D. A. Bykov, E. G. Ezhov, and S. A. Stepanov, “Suppression of the spectral selectivity of two-layer phase-relief diffraction structures,” Opt. Spektrosk. 106, 692 (2009) G. I. Greĭsukh, E. A. Bezus, D. A. Bykov, E. G. Ezhov, and S. A. Stepanov,[Opt. Spectrosc. 106, 621 (2009)].

G. I. Greisukh, E. G. Ezhov, and S. A. Stepanov, “Diffractive-refractive hybrid corrector for achro- and apochromatic corrections of optical systems,” Appl. Opt. 45, 6137 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. I. Greisukh, S. T. Bobrov, and S. A. Stepanov, Optics of Diffractive and Gradient-Index Elements and Systems (SPIE Press, Bellingham, Wash., 1997).

Herzberger, M.

M. Herzberger and N. R. McClure, “The design of superachromatic lenses,” Appl. Opt. 2, 553 (1963).
[CrossRef]

M. Herzberger, “Color correction in optical systems and a new dispersion formula,” Opt. Acta 6, 197 (1959).

Maxwell, J.

J. Maxwell, “Tertiary spectrum manipulation in apochromats,” Proc. SPIE 1354, 408 (1990).
[CrossRef]

McClure, N. R.

Novoselskiy, V. V.

M. A. Gan, D. D. Zhdanov, V. V. Novoselskiy, S. I. Ustinov, A. O. Fedorov, I. S. Potyemin, and S. N. Bezdidko, “Design of optical systems with HOE by DEMOS program,” Proc. SPIE 1574, 254 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Perveev, A.

M. Gan, I. Potyemin, and A. Perveev, “High-speed apo-lens with kinoform element,” Proc. SPIE 1574, 243 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Potyemin, I.

M. Gan, I. Potyemin, and A. Perveev, “High-speed apo-lens with kinoform element,” Proc. SPIE 1574, 243 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Potyemin, I. S.

M. A. Gan, D. D. Zhdanov, V. V. Novoselskiy, S. I. Ustinov, A. O. Fedorov, I. S. Potyemin, and S. N. Bezdidko, “Design of optical systems with HOE by DEMOS program,” Proc. SPIE 1574, 254 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Rusinov, M. M.

M. M. Rusinov, The Composition of Optical Systems (Mashinostroenie, Leningrad, 1989).

Slyusarev, G. G.

G. G. Slyusarev, Methods of Designing Optical Systems (Mashinostroenie, Leningrad, 1969).

Stepanov, S. A.

G. I. Greĭsukh, E. A. Bezus, D. A. Bykov, E. G. Ezhov, and S. A. Stepanov, “Suppression of the spectral selectivity of two-layer phase-relief diffraction structures,” Opt. Spektrosk. 106, 692 (2009) G. I. Greĭsukh, E. A. Bezus, D. A. Bykov, E. G. Ezhov, and S. A. Stepanov,[Opt. Spectrosc. 106, 621 (2009)].

G. I. Greĭsukh, E. A. Bezus, D. A. Bykov, E. G. Ezhov, and S. A. Stepanov, “Suppression of the spectral selectivity of two-layer phase-relief diffraction structures,” Opt. Spektrosk. 106, 692 (2009) G. I. Greĭsukh, E. A. Bezus, D. A. Bykov, E. G. Ezhov, and S. A. Stepanov,[Opt. Spectrosc. 106, 621 (2009)].

G. I. Greisukh, E. G. Ezhov, and S. A. Stepanov, “Diffractive-refractive hybrid corrector for achro- and apochromatic corrections of optical systems,” Appl. Opt. 45, 6137 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. I. Greisukh, S. T. Bobrov, and S. A. Stepanov, Optics of Diffractive and Gradient-Index Elements and Systems (SPIE Press, Bellingham, Wash., 1997).

Stone, T.

Ustinov, S. I.

M. A. Gan, D. D. Zhdanov, V. V. Novoselskiy, S. I. Ustinov, A. O. Fedorov, I. S. Potyemin, and S. N. Bezdidko, “Design of optical systems with HOE by DEMOS program,” Proc. SPIE 1574, 254 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, E.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics: Electromagnetic Theory of Propagation, Interference, and Diffraction of Light (Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1970; Nauka, Moscow, 1973).

Zakaznov, P. P.

B. N. Begunov and P. P. Zakaznov, The Theory of Optical Systems (Mashinostroenie, Moscow, 1973).

Zhdanov, D. D.

M. A. Gan, D. D. Zhdanov, V. V. Novoselskiy, S. I. Ustinov, A. O. Fedorov, I. S. Potyemin, and S. N. Bezdidko, “Design of optical systems with HOE by DEMOS program,” Proc. SPIE 1574, 254 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Opt. Acta

M. Herzberger, “Color correction in optical systems and a new dispersion formula,” Opt. Acta 6, 197 (1959).

Opt. Spektrosk.

G. I. Greĭsukh, E. A. Bezus, D. A. Bykov, E. G. Ezhov, and S. A. Stepanov, “Suppression of the spectral selectivity of two-layer phase-relief diffraction structures,” Opt. Spektrosk. 106, 692 (2009) G. I. Greĭsukh, E. A. Bezus, D. A. Bykov, E. G. Ezhov, and S. A. Stepanov,[Opt. Spectrosc. 106, 621 (2009)].

Proc. SPIE

M. Gan, I. Potyemin, and A. Perveev, “High-speed apo-lens with kinoform element,” Proc. SPIE 1574, 243 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Gan, D. D. Zhdanov, V. V. Novoselskiy, S. I. Ustinov, A. O. Fedorov, I. S. Potyemin, and S. N. Bezdidko, “Design of optical systems with HOE by DEMOS program,” Proc. SPIE 1574, 254 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Gan, “Optical systems with holographic and kinoform elements,” Proc. SPIE 1136, 150 (1989).

J. Maxwell, “Tertiary spectrum manipulation in apochromats,” Proc. SPIE 1354, 408 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Other

M. A. Gan, Theory and Design Methods for Holographic and Kinoform Optical Elements (GOI, Leningrad, 1984).

M. A. Gan, “Kinoforms long focal objectives for astronomy,” in Adaptive Optics and Optical Structures, Proceedings of the Meeting of the European Congress on Optics, 1990, pp. 330-338.

V. N. Churilovskiĭ, The Theory of Third-Order Chromatism and Aberrations (Mashinostroenie, Leningrad, 1968).

M.M.Rusinov, A.P.Grammatin, P.D.Ivanov, eds., Computational Optics: A Handbook (Mashinostroenie, Leningrad, 1984).

M. M. Rusinov, The Composition of Optical Systems (Mashinostroenie, Leningrad, 1989).

http://www.zemax.com.

B. N. Begunov and P. P. Zakaznov, The Theory of Optical Systems (Mashinostroenie, Moscow, 1973).

G. G. Slyusarev, Methods of Designing Optical Systems (Mashinostroenie, Leningrad, 1969).

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics: Electromagnetic Theory of Propagation, Interference, and Diffraction of Light (Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1970; Nauka, Moscow, 1973).

G. I. Greisukh, S. T. Bobrov, and S. A. Stepanov, Optics of Diffractive and Gradient-Index Elements and Systems (SPIE Press, Bellingham, Wash., 1997).

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