Abstract

The nonlinear optical properties, optical limitation, and second- and third-order nonlinearity in a new class of noncovalently bonded fullerene-porphyrin complexes are investigated. Quantum-chemical calculations of the optimal geometry, binding energy, electronic structure, and nonlinear optical properties of donor-acceptor fullerene-prophyrin complexes are performed. As a result of the formation of a complex, the second-order molecular polarizability is higher than in porphyrins by two to three orders of magnitude, depending on the orientation of the molecule, and the third-order molecular susceptibility two orders of magnitude higher. The nonlinear absorption in thin films and solutions of the complexes is measured. In picosecond regimes, absorption saturation at 560nm wavelength is observed for pulse energy density above 0.01J/cm<sup>2</sup>. A model is proposed for the increase of the optical nonlinearity in complexes as compared with the molecular components.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  3. M. O. Senge , M. Fazekas , E. G. A. Notaras , W. J. Blau , M. Zawadzka , O. B. Locos , and E. M. Ni Mhuircheartaigh , “Nonlinear optical properties of porphyrins,” Adv. Mater. 19, No. 19, 2737 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. Xenogiannopoulou , M. Medved , K. Iliopoulos , S. Courts , M. G. Papadopoulos , D. Bonifazi , C. Sooam-bar , A. Mateo-Alonso , and M. Prato , “Nonlinear optical properties of ferrocene- and porphyrin-[60] fullerene dyads,” Adv. Photochem. 7, No. 8, 1056 (2007).
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  6. P. P. Kiran , D. R. Reddy , B. G. Maiya , A. K. Dharmadhikar , G. R. Kumar , and N. R. Desai , “Enhanced optical limiting and nonlinear absorption properties of azoarene-appended phosphorus (V) tetratolylporphyrins,” Appl. Opt. 41, No. 6, 7631 (2002).
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    [CrossRef]
  8. Z.-B. Liu , J.-G. Tian , J.-Yu. Zheng , Z.-Yu. Li , S.-Q. Chen , and Y. Zhu , “Active tuning of nonlinear absorption in a supramolecular zinc diphenylporphyrin-pyridine system,” Opt. Express 14, No. 7, 2770 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. Sendhil , C. Vijayan , and M. P. Kothiyal , “Nonlinear optical properties of a porphyrin derivative incorporated in Nafion polymer,” Opt. Mater. 27, No. 10, 1606 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. E. Collini , C. Ferrante , R. Bozzio , A. Lodib , and G. Ponterinib , “Large third-order nonlinear optical response of porphyrin J-aggregates oriented in self-assembled thin films,” J. Mater. Chem. 16, No. 16, 1573 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Brusatin and R. Signorini , “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of fullerenes in solid state materials,” J. Mater. Chem. 12, No. 7, 1964 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. A. Granovsky , http://classic.chem.msu.su/gran/gamess/index.html.
  13. M. W. Schmidt , K. K. Baldridge , J. A. Boatz , S. T. Elbert , M. S. Gordon , J. J. Jensen , S. Koseki , N. Matsunaga , K. A. Nguyen , S. Su , T. X. Windus , M. Dupuis , and J. A. Montgomery , “General atomic and molecular electronic structure system,” J. Comput. Chem. 14, No. 11, 1347 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  14. I. B. Zakharova , T. L. Makarova , I. T. Serenkov , and D. A. Virki , “Preparation and optical characterization of C60Brx thin films,” Mol. Mater. 13, 335 (2000).
  15. I. B. Zakharova , I. V. Makarenko , T. X. Makarova , A. V. Nashchekin , V. N. Petrov , B. S. Razbirin , A. N. Starukhin , and L. V. Belyakov , “Initial stage of condensation of C60 films on semiconducting substrates of different chemical nature,” Fullerenes, Nanotubes, Carbon Nanostruct. 12, No. 1-2, 537 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  16. I. B. Zakharova , E. A. Donenko , Yu. F. Birylin , L. V. Sharonova , and T. X. Makarova , “Optical and vibrational properties of thin film fullerene-zinc(II) tetraphenylporphyrin complexes,” Fullerenes, Nanotubes, Carbon Nanostruct. 16, No. 5-6, 424 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

I. B. Zakharova , E. A. Donenko , Yu. F. Birylin , L. V. Sharonova , and T. X. Makarova , “Optical and vibrational properties of thin film fullerene-zinc(II) tetraphenylporphyrin complexes,” Fullerenes, Nanotubes, Carbon Nanostruct. 16, No. 5-6, 424 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

M. O. Senge , M. Fazekas , E. G. A. Notaras , W. J. Blau , M. Zawadzka , O. B. Locos , and E. M. Ni Mhuircheartaigh , “Nonlinear optical properties of porphyrins,” Adv. Mater. 19, No. 19, 2737 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Xenogiannopoulou , M. Medved , K. Iliopoulos , S. Courts , M. G. Papadopoulos , D. Bonifazi , C. Sooam-bar , A. Mateo-Alonso , and M. Prato , “Nonlinear optical properties of ferrocene- and porphyrin-[60] fullerene dyads,” Adv. Photochem. 7, No. 8, 1056 (2007).

2006 (2)

E. Collini , C. Ferrante , R. Bozzio , A. Lodib , and G. Ponterinib , “Large third-order nonlinear optical response of porphyrin J-aggregates oriented in self-assembled thin films,” J. Mater. Chem. 16, No. 16, 1573 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z.-B. Liu , J.-G. Tian , J.-Yu. Zheng , Z.-Yu. Li , S.-Q. Chen , and Y. Zhu , “Active tuning of nonlinear absorption in a supramolecular zinc diphenylporphyrin-pyridine system,” Opt. Express 14, No. 7, 2770 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

H. Rath , J. Sankar , V. PrabhuRaja , T. K. Chandrashekar , A. Nag , and D. Goswami , “Coremodified expanded porphyrins with large third-order nonlinear optical response,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, No. 33, 11608 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Sendhil , C. Vijayan , and M. P. Kothiyal , “Nonlinear optical properties of a porphyrin derivative incorporated in Nafion polymer,” Opt. Mater. 27, No. 10, 1606 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

I. B. Zakharova , I. V. Makarenko , T. X. Makarova , A. V. Nashchekin , V. N. Petrov , B. S. Razbirin , A. N. Starukhin , and L. V. Belyakov , “Initial stage of condensation of C60 films on semiconducting substrates of different chemical nature,” Fullerenes, Nanotubes, Carbon Nanostruct. 12, No. 1-2, 537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

2000 (1)

I. B. Zakharova , T. L. Makarova , I. T. Serenkov , and D. A. Virki , “Preparation and optical characterization of C60Brx thin films,” Mol. Mater. 13, 335 (2000).

1996 (1)

L. Geng and J. C. Wright , “Measurement of the resonant third-order nonlinear susceptibility of C60 by nondegenerate four-wave mixing,” Chem. Lett. 249, No. 1-2, 105 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

N. Tang , J. J. Partanen , R. W. Hellwarth , and R. J. Knize , “Third-order optical nonlinearity of C60, C70, and CS2 in benzene at 1.06μm,” Phys. Rev. B 48, No. 11, 8404 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Schmidt , K. K. Baldridge , J. A. Boatz , S. T. Elbert , M. S. Gordon , J. J. Jensen , S. Koseki , N. Matsunaga , K. A. Nguyen , S. Su , T. X. Windus , M. Dupuis , and J. A. Montgomery , “General atomic and molecular electronic structure system,” J. Comput. Chem. 14, No. 11, 1347 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Baldridge, K. K.

M. W. Schmidt , K. K. Baldridge , J. A. Boatz , S. T. Elbert , M. S. Gordon , J. J. Jensen , S. Koseki , N. Matsunaga , K. A. Nguyen , S. Su , T. X. Windus , M. Dupuis , and J. A. Montgomery , “General atomic and molecular electronic structure system,” J. Comput. Chem. 14, No. 11, 1347 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Belyakov, L. V.

I. B. Zakharova , I. V. Makarenko , T. X. Makarova , A. V. Nashchekin , V. N. Petrov , B. S. Razbirin , A. N. Starukhin , and L. V. Belyakov , “Initial stage of condensation of C60 films on semiconducting substrates of different chemical nature,” Fullerenes, Nanotubes, Carbon Nanostruct. 12, No. 1-2, 537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Birylin, Yu. F.

I. B. Zakharova , E. A. Donenko , Yu. F. Birylin , L. V. Sharonova , and T. X. Makarova , “Optical and vibrational properties of thin film fullerene-zinc(II) tetraphenylporphyrin complexes,” Fullerenes, Nanotubes, Carbon Nanostruct. 16, No. 5-6, 424 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Blau, W. J.

M. O. Senge , M. Fazekas , E. G. A. Notaras , W. J. Blau , M. Zawadzka , O. B. Locos , and E. M. Ni Mhuircheartaigh , “Nonlinear optical properties of porphyrins,” Adv. Mater. 19, No. 19, 2737 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Boatz, J. A.

M. W. Schmidt , K. K. Baldridge , J. A. Boatz , S. T. Elbert , M. S. Gordon , J. J. Jensen , S. Koseki , N. Matsunaga , K. A. Nguyen , S. Su , T. X. Windus , M. Dupuis , and J. A. Montgomery , “General atomic and molecular electronic structure system,” J. Comput. Chem. 14, No. 11, 1347 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bonifazi, D.

E. Xenogiannopoulou , M. Medved , K. Iliopoulos , S. Courts , M. G. Papadopoulos , D. Bonifazi , C. Sooam-bar , A. Mateo-Alonso , and M. Prato , “Nonlinear optical properties of ferrocene- and porphyrin-[60] fullerene dyads,” Adv. Photochem. 7, No. 8, 1056 (2007).

Bozio, R.

R. Signorini , R. Bozio , and M. Prato , Fullerenes: From Synthesis to Optoelectronic Properties, Kluwer, Dordrecht (2002).

Bozzio, R.

E. Collini , C. Ferrante , R. Bozzio , A. Lodib , and G. Ponterinib , “Large third-order nonlinear optical response of porphyrin J-aggregates oriented in self-assembled thin films,” J. Mater. Chem. 16, No. 16, 1573 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Brusatin, G.

G. Brusatin and R. Signorini , “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of fullerenes in solid state materials,” J. Mater. Chem. 12, No. 7, 1964 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chandrashekar, T. K.

H. Rath , J. Sankar , V. PrabhuRaja , T. K. Chandrashekar , A. Nag , and D. Goswami , “Coremodified expanded porphyrins with large third-order nonlinear optical response,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, No. 33, 11608 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.-Q.

Collini, E.

E. Collini , C. Ferrante , R. Bozzio , A. Lodib , and G. Ponterinib , “Large third-order nonlinear optical response of porphyrin J-aggregates oriented in self-assembled thin films,” J. Mater. Chem. 16, No. 16, 1573 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Courts, S.

E. Xenogiannopoulou , M. Medved , K. Iliopoulos , S. Courts , M. G. Papadopoulos , D. Bonifazi , C. Sooam-bar , A. Mateo-Alonso , and M. Prato , “Nonlinear optical properties of ferrocene- and porphyrin-[60] fullerene dyads,” Adv. Photochem. 7, No. 8, 1056 (2007).

Desai, N. R.

Dharmadhikar, A. K.

Donenko, E. A.

I. B. Zakharova , E. A. Donenko , Yu. F. Birylin , L. V. Sharonova , and T. X. Makarova , “Optical and vibrational properties of thin film fullerene-zinc(II) tetraphenylporphyrin complexes,” Fullerenes, Nanotubes, Carbon Nanostruct. 16, No. 5-6, 424 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dupuis, M.

M. W. Schmidt , K. K. Baldridge , J. A. Boatz , S. T. Elbert , M. S. Gordon , J. J. Jensen , S. Koseki , N. Matsunaga , K. A. Nguyen , S. Su , T. X. Windus , M. Dupuis , and J. A. Montgomery , “General atomic and molecular electronic structure system,” J. Comput. Chem. 14, No. 11, 1347 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Elbert, S. T.

M. W. Schmidt , K. K. Baldridge , J. A. Boatz , S. T. Elbert , M. S. Gordon , J. J. Jensen , S. Koseki , N. Matsunaga , K. A. Nguyen , S. Su , T. X. Windus , M. Dupuis , and J. A. Montgomery , “General atomic and molecular electronic structure system,” J. Comput. Chem. 14, No. 11, 1347 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Fazekas, M.

M. O. Senge , M. Fazekas , E. G. A. Notaras , W. J. Blau , M. Zawadzka , O. B. Locos , and E. M. Ni Mhuircheartaigh , “Nonlinear optical properties of porphyrins,” Adv. Mater. 19, No. 19, 2737 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ferrante, C.

E. Collini , C. Ferrante , R. Bozzio , A. Lodib , and G. Ponterinib , “Large third-order nonlinear optical response of porphyrin J-aggregates oriented in self-assembled thin films,” J. Mater. Chem. 16, No. 16, 1573 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Geng, L.

L. Geng and J. C. Wright , “Measurement of the resonant third-order nonlinear susceptibility of C60 by nondegenerate four-wave mixing,” Chem. Lett. 249, No. 1-2, 105 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, M. S.

M. W. Schmidt , K. K. Baldridge , J. A. Boatz , S. T. Elbert , M. S. Gordon , J. J. Jensen , S. Koseki , N. Matsunaga , K. A. Nguyen , S. Su , T. X. Windus , M. Dupuis , and J. A. Montgomery , “General atomic and molecular electronic structure system,” J. Comput. Chem. 14, No. 11, 1347 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Goswami, D.

H. Rath , J. Sankar , V. PrabhuRaja , T. K. Chandrashekar , A. Nag , and D. Goswami , “Coremodified expanded porphyrins with large third-order nonlinear optical response,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, No. 33, 11608 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Granovsky, A. A.

A. A. Granovsky , http://classic.chem.msu.su/gran/gamess/index.html.

Hellwarth, R. W.

N. Tang , J. J. Partanen , R. W. Hellwarth , and R. J. Knize , “Third-order optical nonlinearity of C60, C70, and CS2 in benzene at 1.06μm,” Phys. Rev. B 48, No. 11, 8404 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Iliopoulos, K.

E. Xenogiannopoulou , M. Medved , K. Iliopoulos , S. Courts , M. G. Papadopoulos , D. Bonifazi , C. Sooam-bar , A. Mateo-Alonso , and M. Prato , “Nonlinear optical properties of ferrocene- and porphyrin-[60] fullerene dyads,” Adv. Photochem. 7, No. 8, 1056 (2007).

Jensen, J. J.

M. W. Schmidt , K. K. Baldridge , J. A. Boatz , S. T. Elbert , M. S. Gordon , J. J. Jensen , S. Koseki , N. Matsunaga , K. A. Nguyen , S. Su , T. X. Windus , M. Dupuis , and J. A. Montgomery , “General atomic and molecular electronic structure system,” J. Comput. Chem. 14, No. 11, 1347 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kiran, P. P.

Knize, R. J.

N. Tang , J. J. Partanen , R. W. Hellwarth , and R. J. Knize , “Third-order optical nonlinearity of C60, C70, and CS2 in benzene at 1.06μm,” Phys. Rev. B 48, No. 11, 8404 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Koseki, S.

M. W. Schmidt , K. K. Baldridge , J. A. Boatz , S. T. Elbert , M. S. Gordon , J. J. Jensen , S. Koseki , N. Matsunaga , K. A. Nguyen , S. Su , T. X. Windus , M. Dupuis , and J. A. Montgomery , “General atomic and molecular electronic structure system,” J. Comput. Chem. 14, No. 11, 1347 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kothiyal, M. P.

K. Sendhil , C. Vijayan , and M. P. Kothiyal , “Nonlinear optical properties of a porphyrin derivative incorporated in Nafion polymer,” Opt. Mater. 27, No. 10, 1606 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, G. R.

Li, Z.-Yu.

Liu, Z.-B.

Locos, O. B.

M. O. Senge , M. Fazekas , E. G. A. Notaras , W. J. Blau , M. Zawadzka , O. B. Locos , and E. M. Ni Mhuircheartaigh , “Nonlinear optical properties of porphyrins,” Adv. Mater. 19, No. 19, 2737 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lodib, A.

E. Collini , C. Ferrante , R. Bozzio , A. Lodib , and G. Ponterinib , “Large third-order nonlinear optical response of porphyrin J-aggregates oriented in self-assembled thin films,” J. Mater. Chem. 16, No. 16, 1573 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Maiya, B. G.

Makarenko, I. V.

I. B. Zakharova , I. V. Makarenko , T. X. Makarova , A. V. Nashchekin , V. N. Petrov , B. S. Razbirin , A. N. Starukhin , and L. V. Belyakov , “Initial stage of condensation of C60 films on semiconducting substrates of different chemical nature,” Fullerenes, Nanotubes, Carbon Nanostruct. 12, No. 1-2, 537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Makarova, T. L.

I. B. Zakharova , T. L. Makarova , I. T. Serenkov , and D. A. Virki , “Preparation and optical characterization of C60Brx thin films,” Mol. Mater. 13, 335 (2000).

Makarova, T. X.

I. B. Zakharova , E. A. Donenko , Yu. F. Birylin , L. V. Sharonova , and T. X. Makarova , “Optical and vibrational properties of thin film fullerene-zinc(II) tetraphenylporphyrin complexes,” Fullerenes, Nanotubes, Carbon Nanostruct. 16, No. 5-6, 424 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. B. Zakharova , I. V. Makarenko , T. X. Makarova , A. V. Nashchekin , V. N. Petrov , B. S. Razbirin , A. N. Starukhin , and L. V. Belyakov , “Initial stage of condensation of C60 films on semiconducting substrates of different chemical nature,” Fullerenes, Nanotubes, Carbon Nanostruct. 12, No. 1-2, 537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mateo-Alonso, A.

E. Xenogiannopoulou , M. Medved , K. Iliopoulos , S. Courts , M. G. Papadopoulos , D. Bonifazi , C. Sooam-bar , A. Mateo-Alonso , and M. Prato , “Nonlinear optical properties of ferrocene- and porphyrin-[60] fullerene dyads,” Adv. Photochem. 7, No. 8, 1056 (2007).

Matsunaga, N.

M. W. Schmidt , K. K. Baldridge , J. A. Boatz , S. T. Elbert , M. S. Gordon , J. J. Jensen , S. Koseki , N. Matsunaga , K. A. Nguyen , S. Su , T. X. Windus , M. Dupuis , and J. A. Montgomery , “General atomic and molecular electronic structure system,” J. Comput. Chem. 14, No. 11, 1347 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Medved, M.

E. Xenogiannopoulou , M. Medved , K. Iliopoulos , S. Courts , M. G. Papadopoulos , D. Bonifazi , C. Sooam-bar , A. Mateo-Alonso , and M. Prato , “Nonlinear optical properties of ferrocene- and porphyrin-[60] fullerene dyads,” Adv. Photochem. 7, No. 8, 1056 (2007).

Mhuircheartaigh, E. M. Ni

M. O. Senge , M. Fazekas , E. G. A. Notaras , W. J. Blau , M. Zawadzka , O. B. Locos , and E. M. Ni Mhuircheartaigh , “Nonlinear optical properties of porphyrins,” Adv. Mater. 19, No. 19, 2737 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Montgomery, J. A.

M. W. Schmidt , K. K. Baldridge , J. A. Boatz , S. T. Elbert , M. S. Gordon , J. J. Jensen , S. Koseki , N. Matsunaga , K. A. Nguyen , S. Su , T. X. Windus , M. Dupuis , and J. A. Montgomery , “General atomic and molecular electronic structure system,” J. Comput. Chem. 14, No. 11, 1347 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Nag, A.

H. Rath , J. Sankar , V. PrabhuRaja , T. K. Chandrashekar , A. Nag , and D. Goswami , “Coremodified expanded porphyrins with large third-order nonlinear optical response,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, No. 33, 11608 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nashchekin, A. V.

I. B. Zakharova , I. V. Makarenko , T. X. Makarova , A. V. Nashchekin , V. N. Petrov , B. S. Razbirin , A. N. Starukhin , and L. V. Belyakov , “Initial stage of condensation of C60 films on semiconducting substrates of different chemical nature,” Fullerenes, Nanotubes, Carbon Nanostruct. 12, No. 1-2, 537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, K. A.

M. W. Schmidt , K. K. Baldridge , J. A. Boatz , S. T. Elbert , M. S. Gordon , J. J. Jensen , S. Koseki , N. Matsunaga , K. A. Nguyen , S. Su , T. X. Windus , M. Dupuis , and J. A. Montgomery , “General atomic and molecular electronic structure system,” J. Comput. Chem. 14, No. 11, 1347 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Notaras, E. G. A.

M. O. Senge , M. Fazekas , E. G. A. Notaras , W. J. Blau , M. Zawadzka , O. B. Locos , and E. M. Ni Mhuircheartaigh , “Nonlinear optical properties of porphyrins,” Adv. Mater. 19, No. 19, 2737 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Papadopoulos, M. G.

E. Xenogiannopoulou , M. Medved , K. Iliopoulos , S. Courts , M. G. Papadopoulos , D. Bonifazi , C. Sooam-bar , A. Mateo-Alonso , and M. Prato , “Nonlinear optical properties of ferrocene- and porphyrin-[60] fullerene dyads,” Adv. Photochem. 7, No. 8, 1056 (2007).

Partanen, J. J.

N. Tang , J. J. Partanen , R. W. Hellwarth , and R. J. Knize , “Third-order optical nonlinearity of C60, C70, and CS2 in benzene at 1.06μm,” Phys. Rev. B 48, No. 11, 8404 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V. N.

I. B. Zakharova , I. V. Makarenko , T. X. Makarova , A. V. Nashchekin , V. N. Petrov , B. S. Razbirin , A. N. Starukhin , and L. V. Belyakov , “Initial stage of condensation of C60 films on semiconducting substrates of different chemical nature,” Fullerenes, Nanotubes, Carbon Nanostruct. 12, No. 1-2, 537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ponterinib, G.

E. Collini , C. Ferrante , R. Bozzio , A. Lodib , and G. Ponterinib , “Large third-order nonlinear optical response of porphyrin J-aggregates oriented in self-assembled thin films,” J. Mater. Chem. 16, No. 16, 1573 (2006).
[CrossRef]

PrabhuRaja, V.

H. Rath , J. Sankar , V. PrabhuRaja , T. K. Chandrashekar , A. Nag , and D. Goswami , “Coremodified expanded porphyrins with large third-order nonlinear optical response,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, No. 33, 11608 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Prato, M.

E. Xenogiannopoulou , M. Medved , K. Iliopoulos , S. Courts , M. G. Papadopoulos , D. Bonifazi , C. Sooam-bar , A. Mateo-Alonso , and M. Prato , “Nonlinear optical properties of ferrocene- and porphyrin-[60] fullerene dyads,” Adv. Photochem. 7, No. 8, 1056 (2007).

R. Signorini , R. Bozio , and M. Prato , Fullerenes: From Synthesis to Optoelectronic Properties, Kluwer, Dordrecht (2002).

Rath, H.

H. Rath , J. Sankar , V. PrabhuRaja , T. K. Chandrashekar , A. Nag , and D. Goswami , “Coremodified expanded porphyrins with large third-order nonlinear optical response,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, No. 33, 11608 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Razbirin, B. S.

I. B. Zakharova , I. V. Makarenko , T. X. Makarova , A. V. Nashchekin , V. N. Petrov , B. S. Razbirin , A. N. Starukhin , and L. V. Belyakov , “Initial stage of condensation of C60 films on semiconducting substrates of different chemical nature,” Fullerenes, Nanotubes, Carbon Nanostruct. 12, No. 1-2, 537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Reddy, D. R.

Sankar, J.

H. Rath , J. Sankar , V. PrabhuRaja , T. K. Chandrashekar , A. Nag , and D. Goswami , “Coremodified expanded porphyrins with large third-order nonlinear optical response,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, No. 33, 11608 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, M. W.

M. W. Schmidt , K. K. Baldridge , J. A. Boatz , S. T. Elbert , M. S. Gordon , J. J. Jensen , S. Koseki , N. Matsunaga , K. A. Nguyen , S. Su , T. X. Windus , M. Dupuis , and J. A. Montgomery , “General atomic and molecular electronic structure system,” J. Comput. Chem. 14, No. 11, 1347 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sendhil, K.

K. Sendhil , C. Vijayan , and M. P. Kothiyal , “Nonlinear optical properties of a porphyrin derivative incorporated in Nafion polymer,” Opt. Mater. 27, No. 10, 1606 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Senge, M. O.

M. O. Senge , M. Fazekas , E. G. A. Notaras , W. J. Blau , M. Zawadzka , O. B. Locos , and E. M. Ni Mhuircheartaigh , “Nonlinear optical properties of porphyrins,” Adv. Mater. 19, No. 19, 2737 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Serenkov, I. T.

I. B. Zakharova , T. L. Makarova , I. T. Serenkov , and D. A. Virki , “Preparation and optical characterization of C60Brx thin films,” Mol. Mater. 13, 335 (2000).

Sharonova, L. V.

I. B. Zakharova , E. A. Donenko , Yu. F. Birylin , L. V. Sharonova , and T. X. Makarova , “Optical and vibrational properties of thin film fullerene-zinc(II) tetraphenylporphyrin complexes,” Fullerenes, Nanotubes, Carbon Nanostruct. 16, No. 5-6, 424 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Signorini, R.

G. Brusatin and R. Signorini , “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of fullerenes in solid state materials,” J. Mater. Chem. 12, No. 7, 1964 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Signorini , R. Bozio , and M. Prato , Fullerenes: From Synthesis to Optoelectronic Properties, Kluwer, Dordrecht (2002).

Sooam-bar, C.

E. Xenogiannopoulou , M. Medved , K. Iliopoulos , S. Courts , M. G. Papadopoulos , D. Bonifazi , C. Sooam-bar , A. Mateo-Alonso , and M. Prato , “Nonlinear optical properties of ferrocene- and porphyrin-[60] fullerene dyads,” Adv. Photochem. 7, No. 8, 1056 (2007).

Starukhin, A. N.

I. B. Zakharova , I. V. Makarenko , T. X. Makarova , A. V. Nashchekin , V. N. Petrov , B. S. Razbirin , A. N. Starukhin , and L. V. Belyakov , “Initial stage of condensation of C60 films on semiconducting substrates of different chemical nature,” Fullerenes, Nanotubes, Carbon Nanostruct. 12, No. 1-2, 537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Su, S.

M. W. Schmidt , K. K. Baldridge , J. A. Boatz , S. T. Elbert , M. S. Gordon , J. J. Jensen , S. Koseki , N. Matsunaga , K. A. Nguyen , S. Su , T. X. Windus , M. Dupuis , and J. A. Montgomery , “General atomic and molecular electronic structure system,” J. Comput. Chem. 14, No. 11, 1347 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tang, N.

N. Tang , J. J. Partanen , R. W. Hellwarth , and R. J. Knize , “Third-order optical nonlinearity of C60, C70, and CS2 in benzene at 1.06μm,” Phys. Rev. B 48, No. 11, 8404 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tian, J.-G.

Vijayan, C.

K. Sendhil , C. Vijayan , and M. P. Kothiyal , “Nonlinear optical properties of a porphyrin derivative incorporated in Nafion polymer,” Opt. Mater. 27, No. 10, 1606 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Virki, D. A.

I. B. Zakharova , T. L. Makarova , I. T. Serenkov , and D. A. Virki , “Preparation and optical characterization of C60Brx thin films,” Mol. Mater. 13, 335 (2000).

Windus, T. X.

M. W. Schmidt , K. K. Baldridge , J. A. Boatz , S. T. Elbert , M. S. Gordon , J. J. Jensen , S. Koseki , N. Matsunaga , K. A. Nguyen , S. Su , T. X. Windus , M. Dupuis , and J. A. Montgomery , “General atomic and molecular electronic structure system,” J. Comput. Chem. 14, No. 11, 1347 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wright, J. C.

L. Geng and J. C. Wright , “Measurement of the resonant third-order nonlinear susceptibility of C60 by nondegenerate four-wave mixing,” Chem. Lett. 249, No. 1-2, 105 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Xenogiannopoulou, E.

E. Xenogiannopoulou , M. Medved , K. Iliopoulos , S. Courts , M. G. Papadopoulos , D. Bonifazi , C. Sooam-bar , A. Mateo-Alonso , and M. Prato , “Nonlinear optical properties of ferrocene- and porphyrin-[60] fullerene dyads,” Adv. Photochem. 7, No. 8, 1056 (2007).

Zakharova, I. B.

I. B. Zakharova , E. A. Donenko , Yu. F. Birylin , L. V. Sharonova , and T. X. Makarova , “Optical and vibrational properties of thin film fullerene-zinc(II) tetraphenylporphyrin complexes,” Fullerenes, Nanotubes, Carbon Nanostruct. 16, No. 5-6, 424 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. B. Zakharova , I. V. Makarenko , T. X. Makarova , A. V. Nashchekin , V. N. Petrov , B. S. Razbirin , A. N. Starukhin , and L. V. Belyakov , “Initial stage of condensation of C60 films on semiconducting substrates of different chemical nature,” Fullerenes, Nanotubes, Carbon Nanostruct. 12, No. 1-2, 537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. B. Zakharova , T. L. Makarova , I. T. Serenkov , and D. A. Virki , “Preparation and optical characterization of C60Brx thin films,” Mol. Mater. 13, 335 (2000).

Zawadzka, M.

M. O. Senge , M. Fazekas , E. G. A. Notaras , W. J. Blau , M. Zawadzka , O. B. Locos , and E. M. Ni Mhuircheartaigh , “Nonlinear optical properties of porphyrins,” Adv. Mater. 19, No. 19, 2737 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, J.-Yu.

Zhu, Y.

Adv. Mater. (1)

M. O. Senge , M. Fazekas , E. G. A. Notaras , W. J. Blau , M. Zawadzka , O. B. Locos , and E. M. Ni Mhuircheartaigh , “Nonlinear optical properties of porphyrins,” Adv. Mater. 19, No. 19, 2737 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Photochem. (1)

E. Xenogiannopoulou , M. Medved , K. Iliopoulos , S. Courts , M. G. Papadopoulos , D. Bonifazi , C. Sooam-bar , A. Mateo-Alonso , and M. Prato , “Nonlinear optical properties of ferrocene- and porphyrin-[60] fullerene dyads,” Adv. Photochem. 7, No. 8, 1056 (2007).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Chem. Lett. (1)

L. Geng and J. C. Wright , “Measurement of the resonant third-order nonlinear susceptibility of C60 by nondegenerate four-wave mixing,” Chem. Lett. 249, No. 1-2, 105 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fullerenes, Nanotubes, Carbon Nanostruct. (2)

I. B. Zakharova , I. V. Makarenko , T. X. Makarova , A. V. Nashchekin , V. N. Petrov , B. S. Razbirin , A. N. Starukhin , and L. V. Belyakov , “Initial stage of condensation of C60 films on semiconducting substrates of different chemical nature,” Fullerenes, Nanotubes, Carbon Nanostruct. 12, No. 1-2, 537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. B. Zakharova , E. A. Donenko , Yu. F. Birylin , L. V. Sharonova , and T. X. Makarova , “Optical and vibrational properties of thin film fullerene-zinc(II) tetraphenylporphyrin complexes,” Fullerenes, Nanotubes, Carbon Nanostruct. 16, No. 5-6, 424 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

H. Rath , J. Sankar , V. PrabhuRaja , T. K. Chandrashekar , A. Nag , and D. Goswami , “Coremodified expanded porphyrins with large third-order nonlinear optical response,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, No. 33, 11608 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Comput. Chem. (1)

M. W. Schmidt , K. K. Baldridge , J. A. Boatz , S. T. Elbert , M. S. Gordon , J. J. Jensen , S. Koseki , N. Matsunaga , K. A. Nguyen , S. Su , T. X. Windus , M. Dupuis , and J. A. Montgomery , “General atomic and molecular electronic structure system,” J. Comput. Chem. 14, No. 11, 1347 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem. (2)

E. Collini , C. Ferrante , R. Bozzio , A. Lodib , and G. Ponterinib , “Large third-order nonlinear optical response of porphyrin J-aggregates oriented in self-assembled thin films,” J. Mater. Chem. 16, No. 16, 1573 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Brusatin and R. Signorini , “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of fullerenes in solid state materials,” J. Mater. Chem. 12, No. 7, 1964 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mol. Mater. (1)

I. B. Zakharova , T. L. Makarova , I. T. Serenkov , and D. A. Virki , “Preparation and optical characterization of C60Brx thin films,” Mol. Mater. 13, 335 (2000).

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Mater. (1)

K. Sendhil , C. Vijayan , and M. P. Kothiyal , “Nonlinear optical properties of a porphyrin derivative incorporated in Nafion polymer,” Opt. Mater. 27, No. 10, 1606 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

N. Tang , J. J. Partanen , R. W. Hellwarth , and R. J. Knize , “Third-order optical nonlinearity of C60, C70, and CS2 in benzene at 1.06μm,” Phys. Rev. B 48, No. 11, 8404 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

R. Signorini , R. Bozio , and M. Prato , Fullerenes: From Synthesis to Optoelectronic Properties, Kluwer, Dordrecht (2002).

A. A. Granovsky , http://classic.chem.msu.su/gran/gamess/index.html.

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