Abstract

This paper is devoted to an analysis of the technique of calculating the parameters of a superluminescent fiber radiator (SFR) based on single-mode fiber doped with erbium ions and the optimization of the parameters of the radiator for developing a fiber-optic gyroscope (FOG) with improved accuracy characteristics. The causes of the phase distortions that limit the attainment of the threshold sensitivity of the FOG are discussed, and the problem of choosing the optimum parameters of the phase layout of an FOG using an SFR is solved.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. B. Culshaw, "The optical fiber Sagnac interferometer: an overview of its principles and applications," Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. H. Cerecedo-Nusez and E. A. Kuzin, "Breve revisiyn del estado actual del interferymetro de Sagnac formado con fibra yptica de alta birrefringencia," Rev. Mex. Fns. 46, 512 (2000).
  3. H. C. Lefevre, The Fiber Optic Gyroscope (Artech House, Norwood, Mass.,1993), p. 313.
  4. W. K. Burns, "Fiber-optic gyroscope," Laser Focus/Electrooptics 20, No. 2, 83 (1984).
  5. A. G. Sheremet'ev, The Fiber-Optic Gyroscope (Radio i Svyaz', Moscow, 1987).
  6. M. M. Butusov, S. L. Galkin, S. P. Orobinskiĭ, and B. P. Pal, Fiber Optics and Instrumentation, ed. M.M.Butusov (Mashinostroenie, Leningrad, 1987).
  7. S. M. Bennett, R. Dyott, D. Allen, J. Brunner, R. Kidwell, and R. Miller, "Fiber optic rate gyroscope as replacements for mechanical gyros," Am. Inst. Aeronautics Astronautics AIAA-98-4401, pp. 1-7 (1998).
  8. V. I. Busurin and Yu. R. Nosov, Fiber-Optic Sensors: Physical Principles, Questions of Calculation and Application (Énergoatomizdat, Moscow, 1990).
  9. E. V. Hinüber, "Inertial measuring systems with fiber-optic gyroscopes," ATZ-6-2002-en.DOC, 2002www.imarnavigation.de.
  10. W. K. Burns, R. P. Moeller, and A. Dandrige, "Excess noise in fiber gyroscope sources," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 2, 606 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  11. W. K. Burns, C. L. Chen, and R. P. Moeller, Fiber-optic gyroscope with broad-band sources," J. Lightwave Technol. LT-1, 98 (1983).
  12. G. E. Sandoval-Romero, "Fiber-optic gyrocompass superluminescent fiber source," IEEE A&E Systems Mag. 20, No. 719 (2005).
  13. S. Martin-Lopez, M. Gonzalez-Herraez, A. Carrasco-Sanz, F. Vanholsbeeck, S. Coen, H. Fernandez, J. Solis, P. Corredera, and M. L. Herranz, "Broadband spectrally flat and high power density light source for fiber sensing purposes," Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1014 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  14. R. J. Michal, L. K. Lam, and D. M. Rozelle, "Scale factor stabilization of a broadband fiber source used in fiber-optic gyroscopes in radiation environments," U. S. Patent 6 025 915, Jun 25, 1998.
  15. K. A. Fesler, B. Y. Kim, and H. J. Shaw, "Fiber gyro experiment using fiber laser source," Electron. Lett. 25, 534 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  16. P. F. Wysocki, M. J. F. Digonnet, and B. Y. Kim, "Broad-spectrum, wavelength-swept, erbium doped fiber laser at 1.55μm," Opt. Lett. 15, 879 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  17. I. N. Duling, W. K. Burns, and L. Goldberg, "High power superfluorescent fiber source," Opt. Lett. , 15, 33 (1990).
  18. M. J. F. Digonnet, K. Liu, and H. J. Shaw, "Characterization and optimization of the gain in Nd-doped single-mode fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1105 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  19. E. Desurvire, "Analysis of noise figure spectral distribution in erbium doped fiber amplifiers pumped near 980 and 1480nm," Appl. Opt. 29, 3118 (1990).
  20. Y. O. Barmenkov, A. V. Kir'yanov, J. Mora, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, "Continuous-wave and giant-pulse operations of a single-frequency erbium-doped fiber laser," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, No. 1, 28 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  21. M. Digonnet, Rare Earth Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1993).
  22. E. Desurvire and J. R. Simpson, "Amplification of spontaneous emission in erbium-doped single mode fibers," IEEE J. Light Technol. 7, 835 (1989).
  23. P. R. Morkel and R. I. Laming, "Theoretical modeling of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers with excited-state absorption," Opt. Lett. 14, 1062 (1989).
  24. M. J. F. Digonnet and C. J. Gaeta, "Theoretical analysis of optical fiber laser amplifiers and oscillators," Appl. Opt. 24, 333 (1985).
  25. E. Desurvire, "Analysis of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers pumped in the I15/24−I13/24 band," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 1, No. 10293 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  26. R. A. Bergh, H. C. Lefevre, and H. J. Shaw, "Compensation of the optical Kerr effect in fiber-optic gyroscopes," Opt. Lett. 7, No. 6282 (1982).
  27. K. Takiguchi and K. Hotate, "Method to reduce the optical Kerr-effect-induced bias in an optical passive ring-resonator gyro," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 4, 203 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  28. K. Peterman, "Intensity-dependent nonreciprocal phase shift in fiber-optic gyroscope for lights sources low coherence," Opt. Lett. 7, 623 (1982).
  29. E. C. Kintner, "Polarization control in optical-fiber gyroscopes," Opt. Lett. 6, 154 (1981).
  30. T. Okoshi, K. Okamoto, and K. Hotate, Hikari Faiba [Fiber-Optic Sensors] (Omosha, Showa, Tokyo, 1983; Énergoatomizdat, Leningrad, 1990) [in Japanese].
  31. G. E. Sandoval-Romero, "Research and development of superluminescent fiber radiators as a pumping source for a fiber-optic phase-type gyroscope," Author's abstract of candidate's dissertation, SPbGUT, St. Petersburg, 2001.
  32. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, New York, 1989; Mir, Moscow, 1996).
  33. A. Lawrence, Modern Inertial Technology: Navigation, Guidance and Control (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1998), p. 278.

2006

B. Culshaw, "The optical fiber Sagnac interferometer: an overview of its principles and applications," Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Martin-Lopez, M. Gonzalez-Herraez, A. Carrasco-Sanz, F. Vanholsbeeck, S. Coen, H. Fernandez, J. Solis, P. Corredera, and M. L. Herranz, "Broadband spectrally flat and high power density light source for fiber sensing purposes," Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1014 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

Y. O. Barmenkov, A. V. Kir'yanov, J. Mora, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, "Continuous-wave and giant-pulse operations of a single-frequency erbium-doped fiber laser," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, No. 1, 28 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. E. Sandoval-Romero, "Fiber-optic gyrocompass superluminescent fiber source," IEEE A&E Systems Mag. 20, No. 719 (2005).

2000

H. H. Cerecedo-Nusez and E. A. Kuzin, "Breve revisiyn del estado actual del interferymetro de Sagnac formado con fibra yptica de alta birrefringencia," Rev. Mex. Fns. 46, 512 (2000).

1992

K. Takiguchi and K. Hotate, "Method to reduce the optical Kerr-effect-induced bias in an optical passive ring-resonator gyro," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 4, 203 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990

M. J. F. Digonnet, K. Liu, and H. J. Shaw, "Characterization and optimization of the gain in Nd-doped single-mode fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1105 (1990).
[CrossRef]

W. K. Burns, R. P. Moeller, and A. Dandrige, "Excess noise in fiber gyroscope sources," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 2, 606 (1990).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Duling, W. K. Burns, and L. Goldberg, "High power superfluorescent fiber source," Opt. Lett. , 15, 33 (1990).

P. F. Wysocki, M. J. F. Digonnet, and B. Y. Kim, "Broad-spectrum, wavelength-swept, erbium doped fiber laser at 1.55μm," Opt. Lett. 15, 879 (1990).
[CrossRef]

E. Desurvire, "Analysis of noise figure spectral distribution in erbium doped fiber amplifiers pumped near 980 and 1480nm," Appl. Opt. 29, 3118 (1990).

1989

E. Desurvire and J. R. Simpson, "Amplification of spontaneous emission in erbium-doped single mode fibers," IEEE J. Light Technol. 7, 835 (1989).

K. A. Fesler, B. Y. Kim, and H. J. Shaw, "Fiber gyro experiment using fiber laser source," Electron. Lett. 25, 534 (1989).
[CrossRef]

E. Desurvire, "Analysis of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers pumped in the I15/24−I13/24 band," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 1, No. 10293 (1989).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Morkel and R. I. Laming, "Theoretical modeling of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers with excited-state absorption," Opt. Lett. 14, 1062 (1989).

1985

1983

W. K. Burns, C. L. Chen, and R. P. Moeller, Fiber-optic gyroscope with broad-band sources," J. Lightwave Technol. LT-1, 98 (1983).

1982

1981

Appl. Opt.

Electron. Lett.

K. A. Fesler, B. Y. Kim, and H. J. Shaw, "Fiber gyro experiment using fiber laser source," Electron. Lett. 25, 534 (1989).
[CrossRef]

IEEE A&E Systems Mag.

G. E. Sandoval-Romero, "Fiber-optic gyrocompass superluminescent fiber source," IEEE A&E Systems Mag. 20, No. 719 (2005).

IEEE J. Light Technol.

E. Desurvire and J. R. Simpson, "Amplification of spontaneous emission in erbium-doped single mode fibers," IEEE J. Light Technol. 7, 835 (1989).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

M. J. F. Digonnet, K. Liu, and H. J. Shaw, "Characterization and optimization of the gain in Nd-doped single-mode fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1105 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.

E. Desurvire, "Analysis of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers pumped in the I15/24−I13/24 band," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 1, No. 10293 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K. Takiguchi and K. Hotate, "Method to reduce the optical Kerr-effect-induced bias in an optical passive ring-resonator gyro," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 4, 203 (1992).
[CrossRef]

W. K. Burns, R. P. Moeller, and A. Dandrige, "Excess noise in fiber gyroscope sources," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 2, 606 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Y. O. Barmenkov, A. V. Kir'yanov, J. Mora, J. L. Cruz, and M. V. Andrés, "Continuous-wave and giant-pulse operations of a single-frequency erbium-doped fiber laser," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, No. 1, 28 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

W. K. Burns, C. L. Chen, and R. P. Moeller, Fiber-optic gyroscope with broad-band sources," J. Lightwave Technol. LT-1, 98 (1983).

Meas. Sci. Technol.

S. Martin-Lopez, M. Gonzalez-Herraez, A. Carrasco-Sanz, F. Vanholsbeeck, S. Coen, H. Fernandez, J. Solis, P. Corredera, and M. L. Herranz, "Broadband spectrally flat and high power density light source for fiber sensing purposes," Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1014 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Culshaw, "The optical fiber Sagnac interferometer: an overview of its principles and applications," Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, 1 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Rev. Mex. Fns.

H. H. Cerecedo-Nusez and E. A. Kuzin, "Breve revisiyn del estado actual del interferymetro de Sagnac formado con fibra yptica de alta birrefringencia," Rev. Mex. Fns. 46, 512 (2000).

Other

H. C. Lefevre, The Fiber Optic Gyroscope (Artech House, Norwood, Mass.,1993), p. 313.

W. K. Burns, "Fiber-optic gyroscope," Laser Focus/Electrooptics 20, No. 2, 83 (1984).

A. G. Sheremet'ev, The Fiber-Optic Gyroscope (Radio i Svyaz', Moscow, 1987).

M. M. Butusov, S. L. Galkin, S. P. Orobinskiĭ, and B. P. Pal, Fiber Optics and Instrumentation, ed. M.M.Butusov (Mashinostroenie, Leningrad, 1987).

S. M. Bennett, R. Dyott, D. Allen, J. Brunner, R. Kidwell, and R. Miller, "Fiber optic rate gyroscope as replacements for mechanical gyros," Am. Inst. Aeronautics Astronautics AIAA-98-4401, pp. 1-7 (1998).

V. I. Busurin and Yu. R. Nosov, Fiber-Optic Sensors: Physical Principles, Questions of Calculation and Application (Énergoatomizdat, Moscow, 1990).

E. V. Hinüber, "Inertial measuring systems with fiber-optic gyroscopes," ATZ-6-2002-en.DOC, 2002www.imarnavigation.de.

T. Okoshi, K. Okamoto, and K. Hotate, Hikari Faiba [Fiber-Optic Sensors] (Omosha, Showa, Tokyo, 1983; Énergoatomizdat, Leningrad, 1990) [in Japanese].

G. E. Sandoval-Romero, "Research and development of superluminescent fiber radiators as a pumping source for a fiber-optic phase-type gyroscope," Author's abstract of candidate's dissertation, SPbGUT, St. Petersburg, 2001.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic Press, New York, 1989; Mir, Moscow, 1996).

A. Lawrence, Modern Inertial Technology: Navigation, Guidance and Control (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1998), p. 278.

R. J. Michal, L. K. Lam, and D. M. Rozelle, "Scale factor stabilization of a broadband fiber source used in fiber-optic gyroscopes in radiation environments," U. S. Patent 6 025 915, Jun 25, 1998.

M. Digonnet, Rare Earth Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1993).

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