Abstract

This paper describes the optimal design of an AWG spectrum to meet various specifications and improve some physical parameters. The objective function is the norm of the difference between design parameters and target values. To obtain the design parameters, the Fourier model is employed and the design variables arc spacing of array waveguide, width of array waveguide, optical path difference, and focal length. The (1+1) Evolution Strategy is employed as the optimization tool. The optimization procedure is applied to a 16-channel AWG and the optimized design variables will considerably improve the system performance.

© 2004 Optical Society of Korea

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. M. R. Amersfoort, C. R. de Boer, F. P. G. M. van Ham, M. K. Smit, P.Demeester, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, and A. Kuntze, "Phased-array wavelength demultiplexer with flattened wavelength response," Electron. Left., vol. 30, no.4, pp. 300-302, 1994
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. P. Ho, H. Li, and Y. J. Chen, "Flat channel-passband-wavelength multiplexing and demultiplexing devices by multiple-Howland-circle design," IEEE Photon.Technol. Lett., vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 342-344, 1997.
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Rigny, A. Bruno, and H. Sik, "Multigrating method for flattened spectral response wavelength multi/ demultiplexer," Electron. Lett., vol. 33, no. 20, pp. 1701-1702, 1997.
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. B. D. Soole, M. R. Amerfoort, H. P. LeBlanc, N. C. Andreadakis, A. Rajhel, C. Caneau, R. Bhat M,A. Koza, C. Youtsey. and I. Adesida, "Use of multimode interference couplers to broaden the passband of wavelength-dispersive integrated WDM filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, no. 10, pp. 1340-1342, 1996.
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. C. Parker and S. D. Walker, "Design of arrayed waveguide gratings using hybrid Fourier-Fresnel transform techniques," IEEE J. Select. Areas Quantum. Electron., vol. 5, pp. 1379-1384, Sept./Oct. 1999
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  9. D. B. Fogel, Evolutionary Computation. New York: IEEE Press, 1995
  10. C. Dragone, "An N <TEX>$\times$</TEX> N optical multiplexer using a planar arrangenent of two star couplers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 3, pp. 812-815, Sept. 1991.
    [CrossRef]

2002 (1)

P. Munoz, D. Pastor, and J. Capmany, "Modeling and design of arrayed waveguide gratings," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 20, pp. 661-674, April. 2002
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

K. Press et al., "FEM & Evolution Strategies in the optimal design of electromagnetic devices," IEEE Trans. Magn., vol. 26, pp. 2181-2183, Sept. 2000
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. C. Parker and S. D. Walker, "Design of arrayed waveguide gratings using hybrid Fourier-Fresnel transform techniques," IEEE J. Select. Areas Quantum. Electron., vol. 5, pp. 1379-1384, Sept./Oct. 1999
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

Y. P. Ho, H. Li, and Y. J. Chen, "Flat channel-passband-wavelength multiplexing and demultiplexing devices by multiple-Howland-circle design," IEEE Photon.Technol. Lett., vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 342-344, 1997.
[CrossRef]

A. Rigny, A. Bruno, and H. Sik, "Multigrating method for flattened spectral response wavelength multi/ demultiplexer," Electron. Lett., vol. 33, no. 20, pp. 1701-1702, 1997.
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

J. B. D. Soole, M. R. Amerfoort, H. P. LeBlanc, N. C. Andreadakis, A. Rajhel, C. Caneau, R. Bhat M,A. Koza, C. Youtsey. and I. Adesida, "Use of multimode interference couplers to broaden the passband of wavelength-dispersive integrated WDM filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, no. 10, pp. 1340-1342, 1996.
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

D. B. Fogel, Evolutionary Computation. New York: IEEE Press, 1995

1994 (1)

M. R. Amersfoort, C. R. de Boer, F. P. G. M. van Ham, M. K. Smit, P.Demeester, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, and A. Kuntze, "Phased-array wavelength demultiplexer with flattened wavelength response," Electron. Left., vol. 30, no.4, pp. 300-302, 1994
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

C. Dragone, "An N <TEX>$\times$</TEX> N optical multiplexer using a planar arrangenent of two star couplers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 3, pp. 812-815, Sept. 1991.
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

C. A. Brackett, "Dense wavelength division multiplexing networks: Principles and applications," IEEE J Select. Areas Commun., vol. 8, pp. 948-964, 1990
[CrossRef]

Electronics Letters (2)

M. R. Amersfoort, C. R. de Boer, F. P. G. M. van Ham, M. K. Smit, P.Demeester, J. J. G. M. van der Tol, and A. Kuntze, "Phased-array wavelength demultiplexer with flattened wavelength response," Electron. Left., vol. 30, no.4, pp. 300-302, 1994
[CrossRef]

A. Rigny, A. Bruno, and H. Sik, "Multigrating method for flattened spectral response wavelength multi/ demultiplexer," Electron. Lett., vol. 33, no. 20, pp. 1701-1702, 1997.
[CrossRef]

Lightwave Technology, Journal of (1)

P. Munoz, D. Pastor, and J. Capmany, "Modeling and design of arrayed waveguide gratings," J. Lightwave Technol., vol. 20, pp. 661-674, April. 2002
[CrossRef]

Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on (1)

K. Press et al., "FEM & Evolution Strategies in the optimal design of electromagnetic devices," IEEE Trans. Magn., vol. 26, pp. 2181-2183, Sept. 2000
[CrossRef]

Photonics Technology Letters, IEEE (3)

Y. P. Ho, H. Li, and Y. J. Chen, "Flat channel-passband-wavelength multiplexing and demultiplexing devices by multiple-Howland-circle design," IEEE Photon.Technol. Lett., vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 342-344, 1997.
[CrossRef]

J. B. D. Soole, M. R. Amerfoort, H. P. LeBlanc, N. C. Andreadakis, A. Rajhel, C. Caneau, R. Bhat M,A. Koza, C. Youtsey. and I. Adesida, "Use of multimode interference couplers to broaden the passband of wavelength-dispersive integrated WDM filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, no. 10, pp. 1340-1342, 1996.
[CrossRef]

C. Dragone, "An N <TEX>$\times$</TEX> N optical multiplexer using a planar arrangenent of two star couplers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 3, pp. 812-815, Sept. 1991.
[CrossRef]

Selected Areas in Communications, IEEE Journal on (1)

C. A. Brackett, "Dense wavelength division multiplexing networks: Principles and applications," IEEE J Select. Areas Commun., vol. 8, pp. 948-964, 1990
[CrossRef]

Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of (1)

M. C. Parker and S. D. Walker, "Design of arrayed waveguide gratings using hybrid Fourier-Fresnel transform techniques," IEEE J. Select. Areas Quantum. Electron., vol. 5, pp. 1379-1384, Sept./Oct. 1999
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

D. B. Fogel, Evolutionary Computation. New York: IEEE Press, 1995

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