Abstract

Diffraction Bragg gratings consisting of metal (silver) nanoparticles are generated inside a soda-lime glass substrate. After ion-exchanging and annealing processes in the glass, the silver nanoparticles are first formed with the particle diameters of 10 nm ∼ 30 nm. By interfering two CW laser beams at ∼ 60 <TEX>${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$</TEX> deep under the surface of the nanoparticles-dispersed glass, Bragg gratings with thickness of 15 <TEX>${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$</TEX> and period of 3.5 <TEX>${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$</TEX> are generated. Diffraction efficiency of the gratings formed by two TE-polarized beams is three times higher than that by two TM-polarized beams. From this polarization dependence, we have found that strong coupling of the surface plasmons induced on the metal particles may contribute dominantly to generate the diffraction grating.

© 2004 Optical Society of Korea

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  6. H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke,L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming Light from a Subwavelength Aperture," Science, vol. 297, no. 5582, pp. 820-822, 2002
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  17. DanielL. Feldheim and Colby A. Foss, Jr., Metal Nanoparticles, ( Marcel Dekker, New York, USA, 2002), pp. 110-113
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    [Crossref]
  19. W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J.R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F.R. Aussenegg, "Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles," Opt. Commun., vol. 220, no. 1-3, pp. 137-141, 2003
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2003 (4)

J. Yoon, G. Lee, S. H. Song, C. Oh, and P. Kim, "Surface-plasmon photonics band gaps in dielectric gratings on flat metal surface," J. Appl. Phys., vol. 94, no. 1, pp. 123-129, 2003
[Crossref]

S. Foteinopoulou, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Refraction in media with a negative refractive index," Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 90, no. 10, pp. 1074021-1074024, 2003
[Crossref]

Koshiro Kaneko and Hong-Bo Sun, Xuan-Ming Duan, Satoshi Kawata, "Two-photon photoreduction of metallic nanoparticle gratings in a polymer matrix," Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 83, no. 7, pp. 1426-1428, 2003
[Crossref]

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J.R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F.R. Aussenegg, "Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles," Opt. Commun., vol. 220, no. 1-3, pp. 137-141, 2003
[Crossref]

2002 (5)

Stefan A. Maier, Mark L. Brngersma, Pieter G. Kik, and Harry A. Atwater, "Observation of near-field coupling in metal nanoparticle chains using far-field polarization spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. B, vol. 65, no. 19, pp. 1934081-1934084, 2002
[Crossref]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke,L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming Light from a Subwavelength Aperture," Science, vol. 297, no. 5582, pp. 820-822, 2002
[Crossref]

N. Garcia, E. V. Ponizovskaya, and J. Q. Xiao, "Zero permittivity materials: Band gaps at the visible," Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 80, no. 7, pp. 1120-1122, 2002
[Crossref]

DanielL. Feldheim and Colby A. Foss, Jr., Metal Nanoparticles, ( Marcel Dekker, New York, USA, 2002), pp. 110-113

Hiroharu Tamarua, Hitoshi Kuwata, Hideki T. :tvIiyazaki, and Kenjiro Miyano, "Resonant light scattering from individual Ag nanoparticles and particle pairs," Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 80, no. 10, pp. 1826-1828, 2002
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, R. T. Lechner, H. Ditlbacher, J.R. Krenn, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Metl Nannoparticle gratings: Influence of Dipolar Particle Interaction on the Plasmon Resonance," Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 84, no. 20, pp. 4721-4724, 2000
[Crossref]

1999 (3)

M. Kaempfe, T. Rainer, K-J. Berg, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, "Ultrashort laser pulse induced deformation of silver nanoparticles in glass," Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 74, no. 9, pp. 1200-1202, 1999
[Crossref]

C.montero, C. Gomez-Reino, and J.L. Brebner, "Planar bragg gratings made by excimer-laser modification of ion-exchanged waveguides," Opt. Lett., vol. 24, no. 21, pp. 1487-1489, 1999
[Crossref]

O. M. Efimov, L.B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, K C. Richardson, and V. I. Smirnov, "High-efficiency bragg gratings in photothermorefractive glass," Appl. Opt., vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 619-627, 1999
[Crossref]

1998 (3)

M. Quinten, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Electromagnetic energy transport via linear chains of silver nanoparticles," Opt. Lett., vol. 23, no. 17, pp. 1331-1333, 1998
[Crossref]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio., and P. A. Wolff., "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature, vol. 391, no. 6668, pp. 667-669, 1998
[Crossref]

Zhengxin Liu, Honghong Wang, Hao Li, and Xuemei Wang, "Red shift of plasmon resonance frequency due to interacting Ag nanoparticles embedded in single crystal <TEX>$Si0_2$</TEX> by implantation," Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 72, no. 15, pp. 1823-1825, 1998
[Crossref]

1995 (2)

U. Kreibig and M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters, (Springer- Verlag, Heidelberg, Germany, 1995), pp. 13-123

I. Tanahashi, M. Yoshida, Y. Manabe, and T. Tohda, "Effects of heat treatment on Ag particle growth and optical properties in <TEX>$Ag/Si0_2$</TEX> glass composite thin films," J. Mater. Res., vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 362-365, 1995
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

S.Slraj Najafi, Introduction to Glass Integrated Optics, (Artech House, Boston, USA, 1992), pp. 7-38

1990 (1)

M.Yano, M. Fukui, M. Haraguchi, and Y. Shintani, "Insitu and real-time observation of optical constants of metal films during growth," Surf. Sci., vol. 227, no., pp. 129-137, 1990
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett (1)

Hiroharu Tamarua, Hitoshi Kuwata, Hideki T. :tvIiyazaki, and Kenjiro Miyano, "Resonant light scattering from individual Ag nanoparticles and particle pairs," Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 80, no. 10, pp. 1826-1828, 2002
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

Koshiro Kaneko and Hong-Bo Sun, Xuan-Ming Duan, Satoshi Kawata, "Two-photon photoreduction of metallic nanoparticle gratings in a polymer matrix," Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 83, no. 7, pp. 1426-1428, 2003
[Crossref]

M. Kaempfe, T. Rainer, K-J. Berg, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, "Ultrashort laser pulse induced deformation of silver nanoparticles in glass," Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 74, no. 9, pp. 1200-1202, 1999
[Crossref]

N. Garcia, E. V. Ponizovskaya, and J. Q. Xiao, "Zero permittivity materials: Band gaps at the visible," Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 80, no. 7, pp. 1120-1122, 2002
[Crossref]

Zhengxin Liu, Honghong Wang, Hao Li, and Xuemei Wang, "Red shift of plasmon resonance frequency due to interacting Ag nanoparticles embedded in single crystal <TEX>$Si0_2$</TEX> by implantation," Appl. Phys. Lett., vol. 72, no. 15, pp. 1823-1825, 1998
[Crossref]

Applied Optics (1)

O. M. Efimov, L.B. Glebov, L. N. Glebova, K C. Richardson, and V. I. Smirnov, "High-efficiency bragg gratings in photothermorefractive glass," Appl. Opt., vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 619-627, 1999
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. Yoon, G. Lee, S. H. Song, C. Oh, and P. Kim, "Surface-plasmon photonics band gaps in dielectric gratings on flat metal surface," J. Appl. Phys., vol. 94, no. 1, pp. 123-129, 2003
[Crossref]

Journal of Materials Research (1)

I. Tanahashi, M. Yoshida, Y. Manabe, and T. Tohda, "Effects of heat treatment on Ag particle growth and optical properties in <TEX>$Ag/Si0_2$</TEX> glass composite thin films," J. Mater. Res., vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 362-365, 1995
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio., and P. A. Wolff., "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature, vol. 391, no. 6668, pp. 667-669, 1998
[Crossref]

Optics Communications (1)

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J.R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F.R. Aussenegg, "Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles," Opt. Commun., vol. 220, no. 1-3, pp. 137-141, 2003
[Crossref]

Optics Letters (2)

C.montero, C. Gomez-Reino, and J.L. Brebner, "Planar bragg gratings made by excimer-laser modification of ion-exchanged waveguides," Opt. Lett., vol. 24, no. 21, pp. 1487-1489, 1999
[Crossref]

M. Quinten, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Electromagnetic energy transport via linear chains of silver nanoparticles," Opt. Lett., vol. 23, no. 17, pp. 1331-1333, 1998
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

Stefan A. Maier, Mark L. Brngersma, Pieter G. Kik, and Harry A. Atwater, "Observation of near-field coupling in metal nanoparticle chains using far-field polarization spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. B, vol. 65, no. 19, pp. 1934081-1934084, 2002
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

B. Lamprecht, G. Schider, R. T. Lechner, H. Ditlbacher, J.R. Krenn, A. Leitner, and F. R. Aussenegg, "Metl Nannoparticle gratings: Influence of Dipolar Particle Interaction on the Plasmon Resonance," Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 84, no. 20, pp. 4721-4724, 2000
[Crossref]

S. Foteinopoulou, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, "Refraction in media with a negative refractive index," Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 90, no. 10, pp. 1074021-1074024, 2003
[Crossref]

Science (1)

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke,L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Beaming Light from a Subwavelength Aperture," Science, vol. 297, no. 5582, pp. 820-822, 2002
[Crossref]

Surface Science (1)

M.Yano, M. Fukui, M. Haraguchi, and Y. Shintani, "Insitu and real-time observation of optical constants of metal films during growth," Surf. Sci., vol. 227, no., pp. 129-137, 1990
[Crossref]

Other (3)

U. Kreibig and M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters, (Springer- Verlag, Heidelberg, Germany, 1995), pp. 13-123

S.Slraj Najafi, Introduction to Glass Integrated Optics, (Artech House, Boston, USA, 1992), pp. 7-38

DanielL. Feldheim and Colby A. Foss, Jr., Metal Nanoparticles, ( Marcel Dekker, New York, USA, 2002), pp. 110-113

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