Abstract

Statistical characteristics of the backscattered light from turbid tissues obtained by polarizationsensitive optical coherence tomography are investigated. The amplitude of the backscattered light is found to faithfully follow the Rayleigh distribution predicted by the scattering theory of electromagnetic waves in random media. The probability density function of the phase difference between the two orthogonal polarization components of the backscattered light is explicitly derived and then verified in comparison with the experimental data measured from in-vitro tissues of porcine ligament.

© 2003 Optical Society of Korea

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. D. Huang, E. A. Sawnson, C.P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science, vol. 254, issue 5035, pp. 1178-1181, 1991
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. F. de Boer, T. E. Milner, and J. S. Nelson, "Determination of the depth-resolved Stokes parameters of light backscattered from turbid media by the use of polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett., vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 300-302, 1999
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Schoenenberger, B. W, Colston, D. J. Maitland, D. Silva, and M.J. Everett, "Mapping of birefringence and thermal damage in tissue by use of polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Appl. Opt., vol. 37, no. 25, pp. 6026-6036, 1998
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Jiao, G. Yao, and L. V. Wang, "Two-dimensional depth-resolved Mueller matrix of biological tissue measured with double-beam polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett., vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 101-103, 2002
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Zhao, Z. Chen, C. Saxer, S. Xiang, J.F. de Boer, and J.S. Nelson, "Phase-resolved functional optical coherence tomography: simultaneous imaging of in situ tissue structure, blood flow velocity, standard deviation, birefringence, and Stokes vectors in human skin.," Opt. Lett., vol. 27, no. 19, pp. 1702-1704, 2002
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. Barakat, "Statistics of the Stokes parameters," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, vol. 4, no. 7, pp. 1256-1263, 1987
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. Touzi and A. Lopes, "Statistics of the Stokes Parameters and of the Complex Coherence Parameters in One-Look and Multilook Speckle Fields," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 519-531, 1996
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. M. Schmitt and S. H. Xiang, "Cross-polarized backscattering in optical coherence tomography of biological tissue," Opt. Lett., vol. 23, no. 13, pp. 1060-1062, 1998
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Jiao, G Yao and L.V. Wang, "Depth-resolved two-dimensional Stokes vectors of backscattered light and Muller matrices of biological tissue measured with optical coherence tomography," Appl. Opt., vol. 39, no. 34, pp. 6218-6324, 2000
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. M. Schmitt and G. Kumar, "Turbulent nature of refractive-index variations in biological tissue," Opt. Lett., vol. 21, no. 16, pp. 1310-1312, 1996
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. W. Goodman, "Some fundamental properties of speckle", J. Opt. Soc. Am., vol. 66, pp. 124-127, 1976
    [CrossRef]
  12. L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical coherence and quantum optics, (Cambridge, New York, 1995)
  13. J. S. Bendat and A.G. Piersol, Random data: analysis and measurement procedure 3rd Ed, (John Wiley and Sons, New York, 2000) pp. 103-105

2002 (2)

S. Jiao, G. Yao, and L. V. Wang, "Two-dimensional depth-resolved Mueller matrix of biological tissue measured with double-beam polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett., vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 101-103, 2002
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhao, Z. Chen, C. Saxer, S. Xiang, J.F. de Boer, and J.S. Nelson, "Phase-resolved functional optical coherence tomography: simultaneous imaging of in situ tissue structure, blood flow velocity, standard deviation, birefringence, and Stokes vectors in human skin.," Opt. Lett., vol. 27, no. 19, pp. 1702-1704, 2002
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

S. Jiao, G Yao and L.V. Wang, "Depth-resolved two-dimensional Stokes vectors of backscattered light and Muller matrices of biological tissue measured with optical coherence tomography," Appl. Opt., vol. 39, no. 34, pp. 6218-6324, 2000
[CrossRef]

J. S. Bendat and A.G. Piersol, Random data: analysis and measurement procedure 3rd Ed, (John Wiley and Sons, New York, 2000) pp. 103-105

1999 (1)

J. F. de Boer, T. E. Milner, and J. S. Nelson, "Determination of the depth-resolved Stokes parameters of light backscattered from turbid media by the use of polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett., vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 300-302, 1999
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

K. Schoenenberger, B. W, Colston, D. J. Maitland, D. Silva, and M.J. Everett, "Mapping of birefringence and thermal damage in tissue by use of polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Appl. Opt., vol. 37, no. 25, pp. 6026-6036, 1998
[CrossRef]

J. M. Schmitt and S. H. Xiang, "Cross-polarized backscattering in optical coherence tomography of biological tissue," Opt. Lett., vol. 23, no. 13, pp. 1060-1062, 1998
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

J. M. Schmitt and G. Kumar, "Turbulent nature of refractive-index variations in biological tissue," Opt. Lett., vol. 21, no. 16, pp. 1310-1312, 1996
[CrossRef]

R. Touzi and A. Lopes, "Statistics of the Stokes Parameters and of the Complex Coherence Parameters in One-Look and Multilook Speckle Fields," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 519-531, 1996
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical coherence and quantum optics, (Cambridge, New York, 1995)

1991 (1)

D. Huang, E. A. Sawnson, C.P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science, vol. 254, issue 5035, pp. 1178-1181, 1991
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

R. Barakat, "Statistics of the Stokes parameters," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, vol. 4, no. 7, pp. 1256-1263, 1987
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

J. W. Goodman, "Some fundamental properties of speckle", J. Opt. Soc. Am., vol. 66, pp. 124-127, 1976
[CrossRef]

Applied Optics (2)

K. Schoenenberger, B. W, Colston, D. J. Maitland, D. Silva, and M.J. Everett, "Mapping of birefringence and thermal damage in tissue by use of polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Appl. Opt., vol. 37, no. 25, pp. 6026-6036, 1998
[CrossRef]

S. Jiao, G Yao and L.V. Wang, "Depth-resolved two-dimensional Stokes vectors of backscattered light and Muller matrices of biological tissue measured with optical coherence tomography," Appl. Opt., vol. 39, no. 34, pp. 6218-6324, 2000
[CrossRef]

Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on (1)

R. Touzi and A. Lopes, "Statistics of the Stokes Parameters and of the Complex Coherence Parameters in One-Look and Multilook Speckle Fields," IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 519-531, 1996
[CrossRef]

JOSA (1)

J. W. Goodman, "Some fundamental properties of speckle", J. Opt. Soc. Am., vol. 66, pp. 124-127, 1976
[CrossRef]

Journal of the Optical Society of America A (1)

R. Barakat, "Statistics of the Stokes parameters," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A, vol. 4, no. 7, pp. 1256-1263, 1987
[CrossRef]

Optics Letters (5)

J. M. Schmitt and S. H. Xiang, "Cross-polarized backscattering in optical coherence tomography of biological tissue," Opt. Lett., vol. 23, no. 13, pp. 1060-1062, 1998
[CrossRef]

J. M. Schmitt and G. Kumar, "Turbulent nature of refractive-index variations in biological tissue," Opt. Lett., vol. 21, no. 16, pp. 1310-1312, 1996
[CrossRef]

S. Jiao, G. Yao, and L. V. Wang, "Two-dimensional depth-resolved Mueller matrix of biological tissue measured with double-beam polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett., vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 101-103, 2002
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhao, Z. Chen, C. Saxer, S. Xiang, J.F. de Boer, and J.S. Nelson, "Phase-resolved functional optical coherence tomography: simultaneous imaging of in situ tissue structure, blood flow velocity, standard deviation, birefringence, and Stokes vectors in human skin.," Opt. Lett., vol. 27, no. 19, pp. 1702-1704, 2002
[CrossRef]

J. F. de Boer, T. E. Milner, and J. S. Nelson, "Determination of the depth-resolved Stokes parameters of light backscattered from turbid media by the use of polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett., vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 300-302, 1999
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

D. Huang, E. A. Sawnson, C.P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science, vol. 254, issue 5035, pp. 1178-1181, 1991
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical coherence and quantum optics, (Cambridge, New York, 1995)

J. S. Bendat and A.G. Piersol, Random data: analysis and measurement procedure 3rd Ed, (John Wiley and Sons, New York, 2000) pp. 103-105

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.