Abstract

This paper presents a phase-only modulation scheme for a three-dimensional (3-D) image matching system to improve optical efficiency of the system. The 3-D image matching system is based on the two mask heterodyne scanning. A hologram of the 3-D reference object is first created and then the phase of the hologram is extracted. The phase of the hologram is represented as one mask with the other mask being a plane wave. The superposition of each beam modulated by the two masks generated a scanning beam pattern. This beam pattern scans the 3-D target object to be recognized. The output of the scanning system gives out the correlation of the phase-only hologram of the reference object and the complex hologram of the target object. Since a hologram contains 3-D information of an object as a form of fringe pattern, the correlation of holograms matches whole 3-D aspect of the objects. Computer simulations are performed with additive gaussian noise and without noise for the complex hologram modulation scheme and the phase-only hologram modulation scheme. The computer simulation results show that the phase-only hologram modulation scheme improves the optical efficiency. Thus the system with the phase-only hologram modulation scheme is more robust than the system with the complex hologram modulation scheme.

© 2001 Optical Society of Korea

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  1. Anil K. Jain and Patrick J. Flynn, Three-Dimensional Object Recognition Systems ( Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1993)
  2. J. Hofer-Alfeis and R. Bamler, Proc. SPIE 373, 77 (1981)
  3. Y. B. Karasik, "Evaluation of three-dimensional convolutions by use of two- dimensional filtering." Appl. Opt. 36, 7397 (1997)
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Rosen, “Three-dimensional electro-optical correlation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A15, 430 (1998)
    [CrossRef]
  5. T.-C. Poon and Taegeun Kim, Appl. Opt. 38, 370 (1999)
    [CrossRef]
  6. Taegeun Kim and T.-C. Poon, Opt. Eng. 38, 2176 (1999)
    [CrossRef]
  7. Taegeun Kim, T.-C. Poon , M. H. Wu, K. Shinoda, and Y. Suzuki, Optical Memory and Neural Networks, 8, 139 (2000)
  8. Taegeun Kim and T.-C. Poon, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 17, 2520 (2000)
    [CrossRef]
  9. Taegeun Kim, Optical three-dimensional image matching using holographic information, Ph. D. Dissertation, Virginia Tech, 7 July, 2000
  10. J. L. Horner and Peter D. Gianino, Appl. Opt. 23, 812 (1984)
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. L. Horner, Appl. Opt. 21, 4511 (1982)
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. V. Oppemheim and J. S. Lim, Proc. IEEE 69, 529 (1981)
    [CrossRef]

2000 (3)

Taegeun Kim, T.-C. Poon , M. H. Wu, K. Shinoda, and Y. Suzuki, Optical Memory and Neural Networks, 8, 139 (2000)

Taegeun Kim and T.-C. Poon, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 17, 2520 (2000)
[CrossRef]

Taegeun Kim, Optical three-dimensional image matching using holographic information, Ph. D. Dissertation, Virginia Tech, 7 July, 2000

1999 (2)

T.-C. Poon and Taegeun Kim, Appl. Opt. 38, 370 (1999)
[CrossRef]

Taegeun Kim and T.-C. Poon, Opt. Eng. 38, 2176 (1999)
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

J. Rosen, “Three-dimensional electro-optical correlation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A15, 430 (1998)
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

Y. B. Karasik, "Evaluation of three-dimensional convolutions by use of two- dimensional filtering." Appl. Opt. 36, 7397 (1997)
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

Anil K. Jain and Patrick J. Flynn, Three-Dimensional Object Recognition Systems ( Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1993)

1984 (1)

J. L. Horner and Peter D. Gianino, Appl. Opt. 23, 812 (1984)
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

J. L. Horner, Appl. Opt. 21, 4511 (1982)
[CrossRef]

1981 (2)

A. V. Oppemheim and J. S. Lim, Proc. IEEE 69, 529 (1981)
[CrossRef]

J. Hofer-Alfeis and R. Bamler, Proc. SPIE 373, 77 (1981)

Applied Optics (4)

Y. B. Karasik, "Evaluation of three-dimensional convolutions by use of two- dimensional filtering." Appl. Opt. 36, 7397 (1997)
[CrossRef]

T.-C. Poon and Taegeun Kim, Appl. Opt. 38, 370 (1999)
[CrossRef]

J. L. Horner and Peter D. Gianino, Appl. Opt. 23, 812 (1984)
[CrossRef]

J. L. Horner, Appl. Opt. 21, 4511 (1982)
[CrossRef]

JOSA A (1)

Taegeun Kim and T.-C. Poon, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 17, 2520 (2000)
[CrossRef]

Journal of the Optical Society of America A: Optics, Image Science, and Vision (1)

J. Rosen, “Three-dimensional electro-optical correlation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A15, 430 (1998)
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

Taegeun Kim and T.-C. Poon, Opt. Eng. 38, 2176 (1999)
[CrossRef]

Optical Memory and Neural Networks (1)

Taegeun Kim, T.-C. Poon , M. H. Wu, K. Shinoda, and Y. Suzuki, Optical Memory and Neural Networks, 8, 139 (2000)

Proc. IEEE (1)

A. V. Oppemheim and J. S. Lim, Proc. IEEE 69, 529 (1981)
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. Hofer-Alfeis and R. Bamler, Proc. SPIE 373, 77 (1981)

Other (2)

Anil K. Jain and Patrick J. Flynn, Three-Dimensional Object Recognition Systems ( Elsevier Science Publishers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1993)

Taegeun Kim, Optical three-dimensional image matching using holographic information, Ph. D. Dissertation, Virginia Tech, 7 July, 2000

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