Abstract

Next Generation Space Telescope (NGST) is under design study for proposed launch around 2008. It will take over the task of Hubble Space Telescope (HST) and provide much more detailed information about celestial objects. Present large telescopes both in space and on the ground contain aspheric mirrors, called Ritchey-Chretien type. As the size of the telescope becomes larger and the optical quality is requested to be higher, reaching the diffraction limit, more accurate optical testing methods are required. However, there are few testing methods which can achieve the required accuracy for aspheric optics, and none of them has achieved it with certainty. The failure of producing the primary mirror of the Hubble Space Telescope to meet specification is a good example. Moreover, testing aspheric mirrors of large convex form adds the difficulty to extreme. In this paper, space telescopes and large ground-based telescopes are surveyed and testing methods for aspheric optics are reviewed. a method of testing aspheric convex mirrors is suggested.

© 2001 Optical Society of Korea

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1999

P. Stockman, STScI Newsletter, Special supplement(1999)

1998

Y.-S. Kim, “An Improved Geometric Test for Optical Surfaces,” (PhD thesis in London University, 1998)

1997

J.H. Burge, Proc. SPIE, 2871, 362 (1996)
[CrossRef]

M. Mountain, Proc. SPIE, 2871, 597 (1996)
[CrossRef]

M. Mountain, Proc. SPIE, 2871, 597 (1996)
[CrossRef]

1996

P.R. Gillingham, Proc. SPIE, 2871, 2 (1996)
[CrossRef]

G.M. Smith, Proc. SPIE, 2871, 10 (1996)
[CrossRef]

M. Mountain, F.C. Gillett, and R. Kurz, Proc. SPIE, 2871, 15 (1996)
[CrossRef]

1994

J.H. Burge, D.S. Anderson, D.A. Ketelsen, and S.C. West, Proc. SPIE, 2199, 658 (1994)
[CrossRef]

1993

Y. Xiang, C. Xiang, and G. Zhang, Optical Engineering, 32, 1080 (1993)
[CrossRef]

M. Melozzi, L. Pezzati, and A. Mazzoni, Optical Engineering, 32, 1073 (1993)
[CrossRef]

M. Bottema, Applied Optics, 32, 1768 (1993)
[CrossRef]

J.B. Breckinridge and H.J.Wood, Applied Optics, 32, 1677 (1993)
[CrossRef]

L. Furey, T. Dubos, D. Hansen, and J. Samuels-Schwarz, Applied Optics, 32, 1703 (1993)
[CrossRef]

L. Feinberg and M. Wilson, Applied Optics, 32, 1786 (1993)
[CrossRef]

R.V. Willstrop, "Optics in Astronomy," J.V.Wall ed., (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1993)

1992

D.D. Walker, R.G. Bingham, D. Brooks, F. Diego, B. Humm, H. Jamshidi, S-W Kim, Y.-S. Kim, G. Nixon, and D. Rees, ESO Conference andWorkshop Proceedings, 42, 215 (1992)

1987

J.E. Greivenkamp, Applied Optics, 26, 5245 (1987)
[CrossRef]

1985

K. Creath, Y.-Y. Cheng, and J.C. Wyant, Optica Acta, 32, 1455 (1985)

1984

Y.-Y. Cheng and J.C. Wyant, Applied Optics, 23, 4539 (1984)
[CrossRef]

1980

J.G. Dil, W. Mesman, and J.C. Driessen, Proc. SPIE, 235, 85 (1980)

O. Kwon, J.C. Wyant, and C.R. Hayslett, Applied Optics, 19, 1862 (1980)
[CrossRef]

1978

D. Malacara, Optical Shop Testing, (John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1978)

1972

J.C. Wyant, and V.P. Bennett, Applied Optics, 11, 2833 (1972)
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Applied Optics

J.C. Wyant, and V.P. Bennett, Applied Optics, 11, 2833 (1972)
[CrossRef]

M. Bottema, Applied Optics, 32, 1768 (1993)
[CrossRef]

J.B. Breckinridge and H.J.Wood, Applied Optics, 32, 1677 (1993)
[CrossRef]

L. Furey, T. Dubos, D. Hansen, and J. Samuels-Schwarz, Applied Optics, 32, 1703 (1993)
[CrossRef]

J.E. Greivenkamp, Applied Optics, 26, 5245 (1987)
[CrossRef]

O. Kwon, J.C. Wyant, and C.R. Hayslett, Applied Optics, 19, 1862 (1980)
[CrossRef]

Y.-Y. Cheng and J.C. Wyant, Applied Optics, 23, 4539 (1984)
[CrossRef]

ESO Conference and Workshop Proceedings

D.D. Walker, R.G. Bingham, D. Brooks, F. Diego, B. Humm, H. Jamshidi, S-W Kim, Y.-S. Kim, G. Nixon, and D. Rees, ESO Conference andWorkshop Proceedings, 42, 215 (1992)

Opt. Eng.

M. Melozzi, L. Pezzati, and A. Mazzoni, Optical Engineering, 32, 1073 (1993)
[CrossRef]

Optica Acta

K. Creath, Y.-Y. Cheng, and J.C. Wyant, Optica Acta, 32, 1455 (1985)

Optical Engineering

Y. Xiang, C. Xiang, and G. Zhang, Optical Engineering, 32, 1080 (1993)
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

J.H. Burge, D.S. Anderson, D.A. Ketelsen, and S.C. West, Proc. SPIE, 2199, 658 (1994)
[CrossRef]

J.H. Burge, Proc. SPIE, 2871, 362 (1996)
[CrossRef]

J.G. Dil, W. Mesman, and J.C. Driessen, Proc. SPIE, 235, 85 (1980)

M. Mountain, F.C. Gillett, and R. Kurz, Proc. SPIE, 2871, 15 (1996)
[CrossRef]

M. Mountain, Proc. SPIE, 2871, 597 (1996)
[CrossRef]

M. Mountain, Proc. SPIE, 2871, 597 (1996)
[CrossRef]

P.R. Gillingham, Proc. SPIE, 2871, 2 (1996)
[CrossRef]

G.M. Smith, Proc. SPIE, 2871, 10 (1996)
[CrossRef]

Other

R.V. Willstrop, "Optics in Astronomy," J.V.Wall ed., (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1993)

Y.-S. Kim, “An Improved Geometric Test for Optical Surfaces,” (PhD thesis in London University, 1998)

D. Malacara, Optical Shop Testing, (John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1978)

P. Stockman, STScI Newsletter, Special supplement(1999)

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