Abstract

In this paper, a method based on the Genetic Algorithm(GA) for phase optimization is proposed. The programmable hybrid optical interconnection system implemented by the spatial light modula-tor is tested for a near-real-time optical processing. Designed diffractive grating has a 74.7[%] high diffraction efficiency and a <TEX>$1.73 {\times}10^{-1}$</TEX> uniformity quantitatively. The dependence of characteris-tics on several parameters in the grating design are analyzed. Also, as a result of the geometrical transformation to obtain quantitative data for <TEX>$3 {\times} 3$</TEX> spot beams, an objective optical experiment using CCD array detector produces the mean of beam intensity as a gray level of 202, the maximum value is 225, the minimum value is 186, and uniformity is quantitatively <TEX>$1.93 {\times} 10^{-1}$</TEX>, similar to the simulation result.

© 2000 Optical Society of Korea

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  1. F. T. S. Yu and X. Yang, Introduction to optical engineering (University Press, Cambridge, 1997) Chapter 5
  2. J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1996) Chapter 7, 9
  3. M. A. Seldowitz, J. P. Allebach, and D. W. Sweeney, Appl. Opt. 26, 2788 (1987)
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. Davis, Genetic algorithms and simulated annealing (Morgan Kaufmann, 1987) Chapter 1
  5. J. S. Yeun, Y. S. Lee, N. Kim, S. H. Kim, J. U. Um, and R. S. Kim, Proc. SPIE 2778, 535 (1996)
  6. J. S. Yoon and N. Kim, J. IEEK, Korea, 34, 65 (1997)
  7. S. Yamauchi, Y. Chen, and Z. Nakao, in Conf. on Knowledge-Based Intelligent Electronic Systems, 1998, 220
  8. D. E. Goldberg, Genetic algorithms in search optimization and machine learning (Addison-Wesley, 1989) Chapter 1-4
  9. Z. Michalewicz, Genetic algorithms + data structures = evolution programs (Springer-Verlag, 1992) Chapter 1-3
  10. L. J. Eshelman and J. D. Schaffer, in Conf. on Genetic Algorithms, 1991, 115
  11. M. Li, A. Larsson, N. Eriksson, and M. Hagberg, Opt. Lett. 21, 1516 (1996)
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. J. Lee, N. Kim, S. H. Song, and H. H. Suh, Proc.. SPIE 2689, 300 (1996)
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. J. Lee, N. Kim, H. H. Suh, and E. H. Lee, Opt. Review 3, 475 (1996)
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. S. Yoon, N. Kim, H. H. Suh, and S. H. Jeon, in Conf. on Optoelectronics and Optical Communications, 1999, 319

1999 (1)

J. S. Yoon, N. Kim, H. H. Suh, and S. H. Jeon, in Conf. on Optoelectronics and Optical Communications, 1999, 319

1998 (1)

S. Yamauchi, Y. Chen, and Z. Nakao, in Conf. on Knowledge-Based Intelligent Electronic Systems, 1998, 220

1997 (2)

J. S. Yoon and N. Kim, J. IEEK, Korea, 34, 65 (1997)

F. T. S. Yu and X. Yang, Introduction to optical engineering (University Press, Cambridge, 1997) Chapter 5

1996 (5)

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1996) Chapter 7, 9

J. S. Yeun, Y. S. Lee, N. Kim, S. H. Kim, J. U. Um, and R. S. Kim, Proc. SPIE 2778, 535 (1996)

M. Li, A. Larsson, N. Eriksson, and M. Hagberg, Opt. Lett. 21, 1516 (1996)
[CrossRef]

D. J. Lee, N. Kim, S. H. Song, and H. H. Suh, Proc.. SPIE 2689, 300 (1996)
[CrossRef]

D. J. Lee, N. Kim, H. H. Suh, and E. H. Lee, Opt. Review 3, 475 (1996)
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

Z. Michalewicz, Genetic algorithms + data structures = evolution programs (Springer-Verlag, 1992) Chapter 1-3

1991 (1)

L. J. Eshelman and J. D. Schaffer, in Conf. on Genetic Algorithms, 1991, 115

1989 (1)

D. E. Goldberg, Genetic algorithms in search optimization and machine learning (Addison-Wesley, 1989) Chapter 1-4

1987 (2)

M. A. Seldowitz, J. P. Allebach, and D. W. Sweeney, Appl. Opt. 26, 2788 (1987)
[CrossRef]

L. Davis, Genetic algorithms and simulated annealing (Morgan Kaufmann, 1987) Chapter 1

Applied Optics (1)

M. A. Seldowitz, J. P. Allebach, and D. W. Sweeney, Appl. Opt. 26, 2788 (1987)
[CrossRef]

Conf. on Genetic Algorithms (1)

L. J. Eshelman and J. D. Schaffer, in Conf. on Genetic Algorithms, 1991, 115

Conf. on Knowledge-Based Intelligent Electronic Systems (1)

S. Yamauchi, Y. Chen, and Z. Nakao, in Conf. on Knowledge-Based Intelligent Electronic Systems, 1998, 220

Conf. on Optoelectronics and Optical Communications (1)

J. S. Yoon, N. Kim, H. H. Suh, and S. H. Jeon, in Conf. on Optoelectronics and Optical Communications, 1999, 319

Journal of the Korean Institute of Telematics and Electronics D (1)

J. S. Yoon and N. Kim, J. IEEK, Korea, 34, 65 (1997)

Optical Review (1)

D. J. Lee, N. Kim, H. H. Suh, and E. H. Lee, Opt. Review 3, 475 (1996)
[CrossRef]

Optics Letters (1)

M. Li, A. Larsson, N. Eriksson, and M. Hagberg, Opt. Lett. 21, 1516 (1996)
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. S. Yeun, Y. S. Lee, N. Kim, S. H. Kim, J. U. Um, and R. S. Kim, Proc. SPIE 2778, 535 (1996)

Proceedings of SPIE, Diffractive and Holographic Optics Technology III (1)

D. J. Lee, N. Kim, S. H. Song, and H. H. Suh, Proc.. SPIE 2689, 300 (1996)
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

D. E. Goldberg, Genetic algorithms in search optimization and machine learning (Addison-Wesley, 1989) Chapter 1-4

Z. Michalewicz, Genetic algorithms + data structures = evolution programs (Springer-Verlag, 1992) Chapter 1-3

L. Davis, Genetic algorithms and simulated annealing (Morgan Kaufmann, 1987) Chapter 1

F. T. S. Yu and X. Yang, Introduction to optical engineering (University Press, Cambridge, 1997) Chapter 5

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1996) Chapter 7, 9

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