Spatial and temporal dynamics arising in a photorefractive crystal(BaTiO3) during the process of double phase conjugation was studied experimentally. We studied the dynamical effects caused by the buildup of the diffraction grating and turn on of phase conjugated beams, as well as the spatial effects caused by the finite transverse coupling of beams and the propagation direction of beams. We observed conical emission in DPCM. We believe that various temporal and spatial instabilities are due to movement of the nonlinear grating. For a real beam coupling and constructive interaction of interference fringes in the crystal, we observed steady, periodic, irregular temporal behavior. And, by the calculation of the correlation index, we found that the spatial correlation decreased as the transverse interaction region was increased.
© 1999 Optical Society of KoreaPDF Article