Abstract

A polymer-stabilized vertical alignment (PS-VA) mode with fishbone-shaped pixel electrode structure is mainly used in large-sized liquid crystal displays (LCDs) owing to its advantages such as wide viewing angle, good transmittance and fast response time. One drawback of this mode is a main bone electrode, which crosses in the center of a pixel. It causes the transmittance to decrease badly because LCs cannot be reoriented in this region, and thus, it is particularly unfavorable in an ultra-high-definition LCD. Here, we propose an innovative structure with the main bone electrode relocated to the edge area in a pixel, and investigate how this reverse directed fishbone-shaped pixel electrode structure affects electro-optic characteristics. The proposed structure shows enhanced electro-optic performance, such as the higher transmittance and the faster response time than the conventional VA mode with fishbone-shaped pixel electrode structure.

© 2016 Optical Society of Korea

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  1. H. Mori, “The wide view (WV) film for enhancing the field of view of LCDs,” J. of Disp. Technol. 1, 179-186 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  2. A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 29, 1077-1080 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  3. Y. Taniguchi, H. Inoue, M. Sawasaki, Y. Tanaka, T. Hasegawa, T. Sasaki, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “An ulta-high-quality MVA-LCD using a new multi-layer CF resin spacer and black-matrix,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 30, 378-381 (2000).
  4. S. Kataoka, A. Takeda, H. Tsuda, Y. Koike, H. Inoue, T. Fujikawa, T. Sasabayashi, and K. Okamoto, “A new MVA-LCD with jagged shaped pixel electrodes,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 32, 1066-1069 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  5. K. Miyachi, K. Kobayashi, Y. Yamada, and S. Mizushima, “The world’s first photo alignment LCD technology applied to generation ten factory,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41, 579-582 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  6. S. W. Park, S. H. Lim, Y. E. Choi, K.-U. Jeong, M.-H. Lee, H. S. Chang, H. S. Kim, and S. H. Lee, “Multi-domain vertical alignment liquid crtstal displays with ink-jet printed protrutions,” Liq. Cryst. 39, 501-507 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  7. K. H. Kim, K. Lee, S. B. Park, J. K. Song, S. N. Kim, and J. H. Souk, “Domain divided vertical alignment mode with optimized fringe field effect,” in Proc. of the 18th International Display Research Conference/Asia Display (Sheraton Walker-Hill, Korea, Sept. 1998), pp. 383-386.
  8. S. S. Kim, B. N. Berkeley, K. -H. Kim, and Jang Kun Song, “New technologies for advanced LCD-TV performance,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12/4, 353-359 (2004).
  9. J. -J. Lyu, J. Sohn, H. Y. Kim, and S. H. Lee, “Recent trends on patterned vertical alignment (PVA) and fringe-field switching (FFS) liquid crystal displays for liquid crystal television applications,” J. Disp. Technol. 3, 404-412 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  10. M. Oh-E and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3895-3897 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  11. T. W. Ko, J. C. Kim, J.-H. Lee, H. C. Choi, S.-H Ji, J.-M. Choi, C.-H. Lee, and G.-D. Lee, “In-plane switching liquid crystal cell with a mixed bent electrode structure for fast response time,” J. Inf. Disp. 9, 12-15 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  12. S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2881-2883 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  13. S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, H. Y. Kim, and T. Y. Kim, “A novel wide-viewing-angle technology: Ultra-trans viewTM,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 30, 202-205 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  14. S. H. Lee, H. Y. Kim, S. M. Lee, S. H. Hong, J. M. Kim, J. W. Koh, J. Y. Lee, and H. S. Park, “Ultra-FFS TFT-LCD with super image quality, fast response time, and strong pressure-resistant characteristics,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 10/2, 117-122 (2002).
  15. D. H. Kim, Y. J. Lim, D. E. Kim, H. Ren, S. H. Ahn, and S. H. Lee, “Past, present, and future of fringe-field switching-liquid crystal display,” J. Inf. Disp. 15, 99-106 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  16. K. Hanaoka, Y. Nakanishi, Y. Inoue, S. Tanuma, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A new MVS-LCD by polymer sustained alignment technology,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 35, 1200-1203 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  17. S. H. Lee, S. M. Kim, and S. T. Wu, “Review paper: Emerging vertical-alignment liquid-crystal technology associated with surface modification using UV-curable monomer,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 17(7), 551-559 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  18. S. G. Kim, S. M. Kim, Y. S. Kim, H. K. Lee, S. H. Lee, G.-D. Lee, J.-J. Lyu, and K. H. Kim, “Stabilization of the liquid crystal director in the patterned vertical alignment mode through formation of petite angle by reactive mesogen,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261910 (2007).
  19. S. G. Kim, S. M. Kim, Y. S. Kim, H. K. Lee, S. H. Lee, J.-J. Lyu, K. H. Kim, R. Lu, and S.-T. Wu, “Trapping of defect point to improve response time via controlled aximuthal anchoring in a vertically aligned liquid crystal cell with polymer wall,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 055401 (2008).
  20. S. M. Kim, I. Y. Cho, W. I. Kim, K.-U. Jeong, S. H. Lee, G.-D. Lee, J.-J. Lyu, and K. H. Kim, “Surface-modification on vertical alignment layer using UV-curable reactive mesogens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48, 032405 (2009).
  21. A. Lien, “Extended jones matrix representation for the twisted nematic liquid-crystal display at oblique incidence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2767-2769 (1990).
    [Crossref]

2014 (1)

D. H. Kim, Y. J. Lim, D. E. Kim, H. Ren, S. H. Ahn, and S. H. Lee, “Past, present, and future of fringe-field switching-liquid crystal display,” J. Inf. Disp. 15, 99-106 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

S. W. Park, S. H. Lim, Y. E. Choi, K.-U. Jeong, M.-H. Lee, H. S. Chang, H. S. Kim, and S. H. Lee, “Multi-domain vertical alignment liquid crtstal displays with ink-jet printed protrutions,” Liq. Cryst. 39, 501-507 (2012).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

K. Miyachi, K. Kobayashi, Y. Yamada, and S. Mizushima, “The world’s first photo alignment LCD technology applied to generation ten factory,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41, 579-582 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

S. H. Lee, S. M. Kim, and S. T. Wu, “Review paper: Emerging vertical-alignment liquid-crystal technology associated with surface modification using UV-curable monomer,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 17(7), 551-559 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. M. Kim, I. Y. Cho, W. I. Kim, K.-U. Jeong, S. H. Lee, G.-D. Lee, J.-J. Lyu, and K. H. Kim, “Surface-modification on vertical alignment layer using UV-curable reactive mesogens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48, 032405 (2009).

2008 (1)

T. W. Ko, J. C. Kim, J.-H. Lee, H. C. Choi, S.-H Ji, J.-M. Choi, C.-H. Lee, and G.-D. Lee, “In-plane switching liquid crystal cell with a mixed bent electrode structure for fast response time,” J. Inf. Disp. 9, 12-15 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

S. G. Kim, S. M. Kim, Y. S. Kim, H. K. Lee, S. H. Lee, G.-D. Lee, J.-J. Lyu, and K. H. Kim, “Stabilization of the liquid crystal director in the patterned vertical alignment mode through formation of petite angle by reactive mesogen,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261910 (2007).

J. -J. Lyu, J. Sohn, H. Y. Kim, and S. H. Lee, “Recent trends on patterned vertical alignment (PVA) and fringe-field switching (FFS) liquid crystal displays for liquid crystal television applications,” J. Disp. Technol. 3, 404-412 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

H. Mori, “The wide view (WV) film for enhancing the field of view of LCDs,” J. of Disp. Technol. 1, 179-186 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

S. S. Kim, B. N. Berkeley, K. -H. Kim, and Jang Kun Song, “New technologies for advanced LCD-TV performance,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12/4, 353-359 (2004).

K. Hanaoka, Y. Nakanishi, Y. Inoue, S. Tanuma, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A new MVS-LCD by polymer sustained alignment technology,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 35, 1200-1203 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

S. H. Lee, H. Y. Kim, S. M. Lee, S. H. Hong, J. M. Kim, J. W. Koh, J. Y. Lee, and H. S. Park, “Ultra-FFS TFT-LCD with super image quality, fast response time, and strong pressure-resistant characteristics,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 10/2, 117-122 (2002).

2001 (1)

S. Kataoka, A. Takeda, H. Tsuda, Y. Koike, H. Inoue, T. Fujikawa, T. Sasabayashi, and K. Okamoto, “A new MVA-LCD with jagged shaped pixel electrodes,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 32, 1066-1069 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

Y. Taniguchi, H. Inoue, M. Sawasaki, Y. Tanaka, T. Hasegawa, T. Sasaki, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “An ulta-high-quality MVA-LCD using a new multi-layer CF resin spacer and black-matrix,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 30, 378-381 (2000).

1999 (1)

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, H. Y. Kim, and T. Y. Kim, “A novel wide-viewing-angle technology: Ultra-trans viewTM,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 30, 202-205 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (2)

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2881-2883 (1998).
[Crossref]

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 29, 1077-1080 (1998).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

M. Oh-E and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3895-3897 (1995).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

A. Lien, “Extended jones matrix representation for the twisted nematic liquid-crystal display at oblique incidence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2767-2769 (1990).
[Crossref]

Ahn, S. H.

D. H. Kim, Y. J. Lim, D. E. Kim, H. Ren, S. H. Ahn, and S. H. Lee, “Past, present, and future of fringe-field switching-liquid crystal display,” J. Inf. Disp. 15, 99-106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Berkeley, B. N.

S. S. Kim, B. N. Berkeley, K. -H. Kim, and Jang Kun Song, “New technologies for advanced LCD-TV performance,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12/4, 353-359 (2004).

Chang, H. S.

S. W. Park, S. H. Lim, Y. E. Choi, K.-U. Jeong, M.-H. Lee, H. S. Chang, H. S. Kim, and S. H. Lee, “Multi-domain vertical alignment liquid crtstal displays with ink-jet printed protrutions,” Liq. Cryst. 39, 501-507 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chida, H.

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 29, 1077-1080 (1998).
[Crossref]

Cho, I. Y.

S. M. Kim, I. Y. Cho, W. I. Kim, K.-U. Jeong, S. H. Lee, G.-D. Lee, J.-J. Lyu, and K. H. Kim, “Surface-modification on vertical alignment layer using UV-curable reactive mesogens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48, 032405 (2009).

Choi, H. C.

T. W. Ko, J. C. Kim, J.-H. Lee, H. C. Choi, S.-H Ji, J.-M. Choi, C.-H. Lee, and G.-D. Lee, “In-plane switching liquid crystal cell with a mixed bent electrode structure for fast response time,” J. Inf. Disp. 9, 12-15 (2008).
[Crossref]

Choi, J.-M.

T. W. Ko, J. C. Kim, J.-H. Lee, H. C. Choi, S.-H Ji, J.-M. Choi, C.-H. Lee, and G.-D. Lee, “In-plane switching liquid crystal cell with a mixed bent electrode structure for fast response time,” J. Inf. Disp. 9, 12-15 (2008).
[Crossref]

Choi, Y. E.

S. W. Park, S. H. Lim, Y. E. Choi, K.-U. Jeong, M.-H. Lee, H. S. Chang, H. S. Kim, and S. H. Lee, “Multi-domain vertical alignment liquid crtstal displays with ink-jet printed protrutions,” Liq. Cryst. 39, 501-507 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fujikawa, T.

S. Kataoka, A. Takeda, H. Tsuda, Y. Koike, H. Inoue, T. Fujikawa, T. Sasabayashi, and K. Okamoto, “A new MVA-LCD with jagged shaped pixel electrodes,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 32, 1066-1069 (2001).
[Crossref]

Hanaoka, K.

K. Hanaoka, Y. Nakanishi, Y. Inoue, S. Tanuma, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A new MVS-LCD by polymer sustained alignment technology,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 35, 1200-1203 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hasegawa, T.

Y. Taniguchi, H. Inoue, M. Sawasaki, Y. Tanaka, T. Hasegawa, T. Sasaki, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “An ulta-high-quality MVA-LCD using a new multi-layer CF resin spacer and black-matrix,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 30, 378-381 (2000).

Hong, S. H.

S. H. Lee, H. Y. Kim, S. M. Lee, S. H. Hong, J. M. Kim, J. W. Koh, J. Y. Lee, and H. S. Park, “Ultra-FFS TFT-LCD with super image quality, fast response time, and strong pressure-resistant characteristics,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 10/2, 117-122 (2002).

Inoue, H.

S. Kataoka, A. Takeda, H. Tsuda, Y. Koike, H. Inoue, T. Fujikawa, T. Sasabayashi, and K. Okamoto, “A new MVA-LCD with jagged shaped pixel electrodes,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 32, 1066-1069 (2001).
[Crossref]

Y. Taniguchi, H. Inoue, M. Sawasaki, Y. Tanaka, T. Hasegawa, T. Sasaki, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “An ulta-high-quality MVA-LCD using a new multi-layer CF resin spacer and black-matrix,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 30, 378-381 (2000).

Inoue, Y.

K. Hanaoka, Y. Nakanishi, Y. Inoue, S. Tanuma, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A new MVS-LCD by polymer sustained alignment technology,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 35, 1200-1203 (2004).
[Crossref]

Jeong, K.-U.

S. W. Park, S. H. Lim, Y. E. Choi, K.-U. Jeong, M.-H. Lee, H. S. Chang, H. S. Kim, and S. H. Lee, “Multi-domain vertical alignment liquid crtstal displays with ink-jet printed protrutions,” Liq. Cryst. 39, 501-507 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. M. Kim, I. Y. Cho, W. I. Kim, K.-U. Jeong, S. H. Lee, G.-D. Lee, J.-J. Lyu, and K. H. Kim, “Surface-modification on vertical alignment layer using UV-curable reactive mesogens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48, 032405 (2009).

Ji, S.-H

T. W. Ko, J. C. Kim, J.-H. Lee, H. C. Choi, S.-H Ji, J.-M. Choi, C.-H. Lee, and G.-D. Lee, “In-plane switching liquid crystal cell with a mixed bent electrode structure for fast response time,” J. Inf. Disp. 9, 12-15 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kataoka, S.

S. Kataoka, A. Takeda, H. Tsuda, Y. Koike, H. Inoue, T. Fujikawa, T. Sasabayashi, and K. Okamoto, “A new MVA-LCD with jagged shaped pixel electrodes,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 32, 1066-1069 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 29, 1077-1080 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kim, D. E.

D. H. Kim, Y. J. Lim, D. E. Kim, H. Ren, S. H. Ahn, and S. H. Lee, “Past, present, and future of fringe-field switching-liquid crystal display,” J. Inf. Disp. 15, 99-106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kim, D. H.

D. H. Kim, Y. J. Lim, D. E. Kim, H. Ren, S. H. Ahn, and S. H. Lee, “Past, present, and future of fringe-field switching-liquid crystal display,” J. Inf. Disp. 15, 99-106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kim, H. S.

S. W. Park, S. H. Lim, Y. E. Choi, K.-U. Jeong, M.-H. Lee, H. S. Chang, H. S. Kim, and S. H. Lee, “Multi-domain vertical alignment liquid crtstal displays with ink-jet printed protrutions,” Liq. Cryst. 39, 501-507 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kim, H. Y.

J. -J. Lyu, J. Sohn, H. Y. Kim, and S. H. Lee, “Recent trends on patterned vertical alignment (PVA) and fringe-field switching (FFS) liquid crystal displays for liquid crystal television applications,” J. Disp. Technol. 3, 404-412 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, H. Y. Kim, S. M. Lee, S. H. Hong, J. M. Kim, J. W. Koh, J. Y. Lee, and H. S. Park, “Ultra-FFS TFT-LCD with super image quality, fast response time, and strong pressure-resistant characteristics,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 10/2, 117-122 (2002).

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, H. Y. Kim, and T. Y. Kim, “A novel wide-viewing-angle technology: Ultra-trans viewTM,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 30, 202-205 (1999).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2881-2883 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kim, J. C.

T. W. Ko, J. C. Kim, J.-H. Lee, H. C. Choi, S.-H Ji, J.-M. Choi, C.-H. Lee, and G.-D. Lee, “In-plane switching liquid crystal cell with a mixed bent electrode structure for fast response time,” J. Inf. Disp. 9, 12-15 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kim, J. M.

S. H. Lee, H. Y. Kim, S. M. Lee, S. H. Hong, J. M. Kim, J. W. Koh, J. Y. Lee, and H. S. Park, “Ultra-FFS TFT-LCD with super image quality, fast response time, and strong pressure-resistant characteristics,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 10/2, 117-122 (2002).

Kim, K. H.

S. M. Kim, I. Y. Cho, W. I. Kim, K.-U. Jeong, S. H. Lee, G.-D. Lee, J.-J. Lyu, and K. H. Kim, “Surface-modification on vertical alignment layer using UV-curable reactive mesogens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48, 032405 (2009).

S. G. Kim, S. M. Kim, Y. S. Kim, H. K. Lee, S. H. Lee, J.-J. Lyu, K. H. Kim, R. Lu, and S.-T. Wu, “Trapping of defect point to improve response time via controlled aximuthal anchoring in a vertically aligned liquid crystal cell with polymer wall,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 055401 (2008).

S. G. Kim, S. M. Kim, Y. S. Kim, H. K. Lee, S. H. Lee, G.-D. Lee, J.-J. Lyu, and K. H. Kim, “Stabilization of the liquid crystal director in the patterned vertical alignment mode through formation of petite angle by reactive mesogen,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261910 (2007).

K. H. Kim, K. Lee, S. B. Park, J. K. Song, S. N. Kim, and J. H. Souk, “Domain divided vertical alignment mode with optimized fringe field effect,” in Proc. of the 18th International Display Research Conference/Asia Display (Sheraton Walker-Hill, Korea, Sept. 1998), pp. 383-386.

Kim, K. -H.

S. S. Kim, B. N. Berkeley, K. -H. Kim, and Jang Kun Song, “New technologies for advanced LCD-TV performance,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12/4, 353-359 (2004).

Kim, S. G.

S. G. Kim, S. M. Kim, Y. S. Kim, H. K. Lee, S. H. Lee, J.-J. Lyu, K. H. Kim, R. Lu, and S.-T. Wu, “Trapping of defect point to improve response time via controlled aximuthal anchoring in a vertically aligned liquid crystal cell with polymer wall,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 055401 (2008).

S. G. Kim, S. M. Kim, Y. S. Kim, H. K. Lee, S. H. Lee, G.-D. Lee, J.-J. Lyu, and K. H. Kim, “Stabilization of the liquid crystal director in the patterned vertical alignment mode through formation of petite angle by reactive mesogen,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261910 (2007).

Kim, S. M.

S. M. Kim, I. Y. Cho, W. I. Kim, K.-U. Jeong, S. H. Lee, G.-D. Lee, J.-J. Lyu, and K. H. Kim, “Surface-modification on vertical alignment layer using UV-curable reactive mesogens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48, 032405 (2009).

S. H. Lee, S. M. Kim, and S. T. Wu, “Review paper: Emerging vertical-alignment liquid-crystal technology associated with surface modification using UV-curable monomer,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 17(7), 551-559 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. G. Kim, S. M. Kim, Y. S. Kim, H. K. Lee, S. H. Lee, J.-J. Lyu, K. H. Kim, R. Lu, and S.-T. Wu, “Trapping of defect point to improve response time via controlled aximuthal anchoring in a vertically aligned liquid crystal cell with polymer wall,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 055401 (2008).

S. G. Kim, S. M. Kim, Y. S. Kim, H. K. Lee, S. H. Lee, G.-D. Lee, J.-J. Lyu, and K. H. Kim, “Stabilization of the liquid crystal director in the patterned vertical alignment mode through formation of petite angle by reactive mesogen,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261910 (2007).

Kim, S. N.

K. H. Kim, K. Lee, S. B. Park, J. K. Song, S. N. Kim, and J. H. Souk, “Domain divided vertical alignment mode with optimized fringe field effect,” in Proc. of the 18th International Display Research Conference/Asia Display (Sheraton Walker-Hill, Korea, Sept. 1998), pp. 383-386.

Kim, S. S.

S. S. Kim, B. N. Berkeley, K. -H. Kim, and Jang Kun Song, “New technologies for advanced LCD-TV performance,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12/4, 353-359 (2004).

Kim, T. Y.

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, H. Y. Kim, and T. Y. Kim, “A novel wide-viewing-angle technology: Ultra-trans viewTM,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 30, 202-205 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kim, W. I.

S. M. Kim, I. Y. Cho, W. I. Kim, K.-U. Jeong, S. H. Lee, G.-D. Lee, J.-J. Lyu, and K. H. Kim, “Surface-modification on vertical alignment layer using UV-curable reactive mesogens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48, 032405 (2009).

Kim, Y. S.

S. G. Kim, S. M. Kim, Y. S. Kim, H. K. Lee, S. H. Lee, J.-J. Lyu, K. H. Kim, R. Lu, and S.-T. Wu, “Trapping of defect point to improve response time via controlled aximuthal anchoring in a vertically aligned liquid crystal cell with polymer wall,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 055401 (2008).

S. G. Kim, S. M. Kim, Y. S. Kim, H. K. Lee, S. H. Lee, G.-D. Lee, J.-J. Lyu, and K. H. Kim, “Stabilization of the liquid crystal director in the patterned vertical alignment mode through formation of petite angle by reactive mesogen,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261910 (2007).

Ko, T. W.

T. W. Ko, J. C. Kim, J.-H. Lee, H. C. Choi, S.-H Ji, J.-M. Choi, C.-H. Lee, and G.-D. Lee, “In-plane switching liquid crystal cell with a mixed bent electrode structure for fast response time,” J. Inf. Disp. 9, 12-15 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kobayashi, K.

K. Miyachi, K. Kobayashi, Y. Yamada, and S. Mizushima, “The world’s first photo alignment LCD technology applied to generation ten factory,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41, 579-582 (2010).
[Crossref]

Koh, J. W.

S. H. Lee, H. Y. Kim, S. M. Lee, S. H. Hong, J. M. Kim, J. W. Koh, J. Y. Lee, and H. S. Park, “Ultra-FFS TFT-LCD with super image quality, fast response time, and strong pressure-resistant characteristics,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 10/2, 117-122 (2002).

Koike, Y.

K. Hanaoka, Y. Nakanishi, Y. Inoue, S. Tanuma, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A new MVS-LCD by polymer sustained alignment technology,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 35, 1200-1203 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. Kataoka, A. Takeda, H. Tsuda, Y. Koike, H. Inoue, T. Fujikawa, T. Sasabayashi, and K. Okamoto, “A new MVA-LCD with jagged shaped pixel electrodes,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 32, 1066-1069 (2001).
[Crossref]

Y. Taniguchi, H. Inoue, M. Sawasaki, Y. Tanaka, T. Hasegawa, T. Sasaki, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “An ulta-high-quality MVA-LCD using a new multi-layer CF resin spacer and black-matrix,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 30, 378-381 (2000).

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 29, 1077-1080 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kondo, K.

M. Oh-E and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3895-3897 (1995).
[Crossref]

Lee, C.-H.

T. W. Ko, J. C. Kim, J.-H. Lee, H. C. Choi, S.-H Ji, J.-M. Choi, C.-H. Lee, and G.-D. Lee, “In-plane switching liquid crystal cell with a mixed bent electrode structure for fast response time,” J. Inf. Disp. 9, 12-15 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lee, G.-D.

S. M. Kim, I. Y. Cho, W. I. Kim, K.-U. Jeong, S. H. Lee, G.-D. Lee, J.-J. Lyu, and K. H. Kim, “Surface-modification on vertical alignment layer using UV-curable reactive mesogens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48, 032405 (2009).

T. W. Ko, J. C. Kim, J.-H. Lee, H. C. Choi, S.-H Ji, J.-M. Choi, C.-H. Lee, and G.-D. Lee, “In-plane switching liquid crystal cell with a mixed bent electrode structure for fast response time,” J. Inf. Disp. 9, 12-15 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. G. Kim, S. M. Kim, Y. S. Kim, H. K. Lee, S. H. Lee, G.-D. Lee, J.-J. Lyu, and K. H. Kim, “Stabilization of the liquid crystal director in the patterned vertical alignment mode through formation of petite angle by reactive mesogen,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261910 (2007).

Lee, H. K.

S. G. Kim, S. M. Kim, Y. S. Kim, H. K. Lee, S. H. Lee, J.-J. Lyu, K. H. Kim, R. Lu, and S.-T. Wu, “Trapping of defect point to improve response time via controlled aximuthal anchoring in a vertically aligned liquid crystal cell with polymer wall,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 055401 (2008).

S. G. Kim, S. M. Kim, Y. S. Kim, H. K. Lee, S. H. Lee, G.-D. Lee, J.-J. Lyu, and K. H. Kim, “Stabilization of the liquid crystal director in the patterned vertical alignment mode through formation of petite angle by reactive mesogen,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261910 (2007).

Lee, J. Y.

S. H. Lee, H. Y. Kim, S. M. Lee, S. H. Hong, J. M. Kim, J. W. Koh, J. Y. Lee, and H. S. Park, “Ultra-FFS TFT-LCD with super image quality, fast response time, and strong pressure-resistant characteristics,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 10/2, 117-122 (2002).

Lee, J.-H.

T. W. Ko, J. C. Kim, J.-H. Lee, H. C. Choi, S.-H Ji, J.-M. Choi, C.-H. Lee, and G.-D. Lee, “In-plane switching liquid crystal cell with a mixed bent electrode structure for fast response time,” J. Inf. Disp. 9, 12-15 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lee, K.

K. H. Kim, K. Lee, S. B. Park, J. K. Song, S. N. Kim, and J. H. Souk, “Domain divided vertical alignment mode with optimized fringe field effect,” in Proc. of the 18th International Display Research Conference/Asia Display (Sheraton Walker-Hill, Korea, Sept. 1998), pp. 383-386.

Lee, M.-H.

S. W. Park, S. H. Lim, Y. E. Choi, K.-U. Jeong, M.-H. Lee, H. S. Chang, H. S. Kim, and S. H. Lee, “Multi-domain vertical alignment liquid crtstal displays with ink-jet printed protrutions,” Liq. Cryst. 39, 501-507 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. H.

D. H. Kim, Y. J. Lim, D. E. Kim, H. Ren, S. H. Ahn, and S. H. Lee, “Past, present, and future of fringe-field switching-liquid crystal display,” J. Inf. Disp. 15, 99-106 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. W. Park, S. H. Lim, Y. E. Choi, K.-U. Jeong, M.-H. Lee, H. S. Chang, H. S. Kim, and S. H. Lee, “Multi-domain vertical alignment liquid crtstal displays with ink-jet printed protrutions,” Liq. Cryst. 39, 501-507 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, S. M. Kim, and S. T. Wu, “Review paper: Emerging vertical-alignment liquid-crystal technology associated with surface modification using UV-curable monomer,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 17(7), 551-559 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. M. Kim, I. Y. Cho, W. I. Kim, K.-U. Jeong, S. H. Lee, G.-D. Lee, J.-J. Lyu, and K. H. Kim, “Surface-modification on vertical alignment layer using UV-curable reactive mesogens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48, 032405 (2009).

S. G. Kim, S. M. Kim, Y. S. Kim, H. K. Lee, S. H. Lee, J.-J. Lyu, K. H. Kim, R. Lu, and S.-T. Wu, “Trapping of defect point to improve response time via controlled aximuthal anchoring in a vertically aligned liquid crystal cell with polymer wall,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 055401 (2008).

S. G. Kim, S. M. Kim, Y. S. Kim, H. K. Lee, S. H. Lee, G.-D. Lee, J.-J. Lyu, and K. H. Kim, “Stabilization of the liquid crystal director in the patterned vertical alignment mode through formation of petite angle by reactive mesogen,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261910 (2007).

J. -J. Lyu, J. Sohn, H. Y. Kim, and S. H. Lee, “Recent trends on patterned vertical alignment (PVA) and fringe-field switching (FFS) liquid crystal displays for liquid crystal television applications,” J. Disp. Technol. 3, 404-412 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, H. Y. Kim, S. M. Lee, S. H. Hong, J. M. Kim, J. W. Koh, J. Y. Lee, and H. S. Park, “Ultra-FFS TFT-LCD with super image quality, fast response time, and strong pressure-resistant characteristics,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 10/2, 117-122 (2002).

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, H. Y. Kim, and T. Y. Kim, “A novel wide-viewing-angle technology: Ultra-trans viewTM,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 30, 202-205 (1999).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2881-2883 (1998).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. L.

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, H. Y. Kim, and T. Y. Kim, “A novel wide-viewing-angle technology: Ultra-trans viewTM,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 30, 202-205 (1999).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2881-2883 (1998).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. M.

S. H. Lee, H. Y. Kim, S. M. Lee, S. H. Hong, J. M. Kim, J. W. Koh, J. Y. Lee, and H. S. Park, “Ultra-FFS TFT-LCD with super image quality, fast response time, and strong pressure-resistant characteristics,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 10/2, 117-122 (2002).

Lien, A.

A. Lien, “Extended jones matrix representation for the twisted nematic liquid-crystal display at oblique incidence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2767-2769 (1990).
[Crossref]

Lim, S. H.

S. W. Park, S. H. Lim, Y. E. Choi, K.-U. Jeong, M.-H. Lee, H. S. Chang, H. S. Kim, and S. H. Lee, “Multi-domain vertical alignment liquid crtstal displays with ink-jet printed protrutions,” Liq. Cryst. 39, 501-507 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lim, Y. J.

D. H. Kim, Y. J. Lim, D. E. Kim, H. Ren, S. H. Ahn, and S. H. Lee, “Past, present, and future of fringe-field switching-liquid crystal display,” J. Inf. Disp. 15, 99-106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lu, R.

S. G. Kim, S. M. Kim, Y. S. Kim, H. K. Lee, S. H. Lee, J.-J. Lyu, K. H. Kim, R. Lu, and S.-T. Wu, “Trapping of defect point to improve response time via controlled aximuthal anchoring in a vertically aligned liquid crystal cell with polymer wall,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 055401 (2008).

Lyu, J. -J.

J. -J. Lyu, J. Sohn, H. Y. Kim, and S. H. Lee, “Recent trends on patterned vertical alignment (PVA) and fringe-field switching (FFS) liquid crystal displays for liquid crystal television applications,” J. Disp. Technol. 3, 404-412 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lyu, J.-J.

S. M. Kim, I. Y. Cho, W. I. Kim, K.-U. Jeong, S. H. Lee, G.-D. Lee, J.-J. Lyu, and K. H. Kim, “Surface-modification on vertical alignment layer using UV-curable reactive mesogens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48, 032405 (2009).

S. G. Kim, S. M. Kim, Y. S. Kim, H. K. Lee, S. H. Lee, J.-J. Lyu, K. H. Kim, R. Lu, and S.-T. Wu, “Trapping of defect point to improve response time via controlled aximuthal anchoring in a vertically aligned liquid crystal cell with polymer wall,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 055401 (2008).

S. G. Kim, S. M. Kim, Y. S. Kim, H. K. Lee, S. H. Lee, G.-D. Lee, J.-J. Lyu, and K. H. Kim, “Stabilization of the liquid crystal director in the patterned vertical alignment mode through formation of petite angle by reactive mesogen,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261910 (2007).

Miyachi, K.

K. Miyachi, K. Kobayashi, Y. Yamada, and S. Mizushima, “The world’s first photo alignment LCD technology applied to generation ten factory,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41, 579-582 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mizushima, S.

K. Miyachi, K. Kobayashi, Y. Yamada, and S. Mizushima, “The world’s first photo alignment LCD technology applied to generation ten factory,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41, 579-582 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mori, H.

H. Mori, “The wide view (WV) film for enhancing the field of view of LCDs,” J. of Disp. Technol. 1, 179-186 (2005).
[Crossref]

Nakanishi, Y.

K. Hanaoka, Y. Nakanishi, Y. Inoue, S. Tanuma, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A new MVS-LCD by polymer sustained alignment technology,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 35, 1200-1203 (2004).
[Crossref]

Oh-E, M.

M. Oh-E and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3895-3897 (1995).
[Crossref]

Ohmuro, K.

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 29, 1077-1080 (1998).
[Crossref]

Okamoto, K.

K. Hanaoka, Y. Nakanishi, Y. Inoue, S. Tanuma, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A new MVS-LCD by polymer sustained alignment technology,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 35, 1200-1203 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. Kataoka, A. Takeda, H. Tsuda, Y. Koike, H. Inoue, T. Fujikawa, T. Sasabayashi, and K. Okamoto, “A new MVA-LCD with jagged shaped pixel electrodes,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 32, 1066-1069 (2001).
[Crossref]

Y. Taniguchi, H. Inoue, M. Sawasaki, Y. Tanaka, T. Hasegawa, T. Sasaki, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “An ulta-high-quality MVA-LCD using a new multi-layer CF resin spacer and black-matrix,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 30, 378-381 (2000).

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 29, 1077-1080 (1998).
[Crossref]

Park, H. S.

S. H. Lee, H. Y. Kim, S. M. Lee, S. H. Hong, J. M. Kim, J. W. Koh, J. Y. Lee, and H. S. Park, “Ultra-FFS TFT-LCD with super image quality, fast response time, and strong pressure-resistant characteristics,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 10/2, 117-122 (2002).

Park, S. B.

K. H. Kim, K. Lee, S. B. Park, J. K. Song, S. N. Kim, and J. H. Souk, “Domain divided vertical alignment mode with optimized fringe field effect,” in Proc. of the 18th International Display Research Conference/Asia Display (Sheraton Walker-Hill, Korea, Sept. 1998), pp. 383-386.

Park, S. W.

S. W. Park, S. H. Lim, Y. E. Choi, K.-U. Jeong, M.-H. Lee, H. S. Chang, H. S. Kim, and S. H. Lee, “Multi-domain vertical alignment liquid crtstal displays with ink-jet printed protrutions,” Liq. Cryst. 39, 501-507 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ren, H.

D. H. Kim, Y. J. Lim, D. E. Kim, H. Ren, S. H. Ahn, and S. H. Lee, “Past, present, and future of fringe-field switching-liquid crystal display,” J. Inf. Disp. 15, 99-106 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sasabayashi, T.

S. Kataoka, A. Takeda, H. Tsuda, Y. Koike, H. Inoue, T. Fujikawa, T. Sasabayashi, and K. Okamoto, “A new MVA-LCD with jagged shaped pixel electrodes,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 32, 1066-1069 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 29, 1077-1080 (1998).
[Crossref]

Sasaki, T.

Y. Taniguchi, H. Inoue, M. Sawasaki, Y. Tanaka, T. Hasegawa, T. Sasaki, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “An ulta-high-quality MVA-LCD using a new multi-layer CF resin spacer and black-matrix,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 30, 378-381 (2000).

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 29, 1077-1080 (1998).
[Crossref]

Sawasaki, M.

Y. Taniguchi, H. Inoue, M. Sawasaki, Y. Tanaka, T. Hasegawa, T. Sasaki, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “An ulta-high-quality MVA-LCD using a new multi-layer CF resin spacer and black-matrix,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 30, 378-381 (2000).

Sohn, J.

J. -J. Lyu, J. Sohn, H. Y. Kim, and S. H. Lee, “Recent trends on patterned vertical alignment (PVA) and fringe-field switching (FFS) liquid crystal displays for liquid crystal television applications,” J. Disp. Technol. 3, 404-412 (2007).
[Crossref]

Song, J. K.

K. H. Kim, K. Lee, S. B. Park, J. K. Song, S. N. Kim, and J. H. Souk, “Domain divided vertical alignment mode with optimized fringe field effect,” in Proc. of the 18th International Display Research Conference/Asia Display (Sheraton Walker-Hill, Korea, Sept. 1998), pp. 383-386.

Song, Jang Kun

S. S. Kim, B. N. Berkeley, K. -H. Kim, and Jang Kun Song, “New technologies for advanced LCD-TV performance,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12/4, 353-359 (2004).

Souk, J. H.

K. H. Kim, K. Lee, S. B. Park, J. K. Song, S. N. Kim, and J. H. Souk, “Domain divided vertical alignment mode with optimized fringe field effect,” in Proc. of the 18th International Display Research Conference/Asia Display (Sheraton Walker-Hill, Korea, Sept. 1998), pp. 383-386.

Takeda, A.

S. Kataoka, A. Takeda, H. Tsuda, Y. Koike, H. Inoue, T. Fujikawa, T. Sasabayashi, and K. Okamoto, “A new MVA-LCD with jagged shaped pixel electrodes,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 32, 1066-1069 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 29, 1077-1080 (1998).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, Y.

Y. Taniguchi, H. Inoue, M. Sawasaki, Y. Tanaka, T. Hasegawa, T. Sasaki, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “An ulta-high-quality MVA-LCD using a new multi-layer CF resin spacer and black-matrix,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 30, 378-381 (2000).

Taniguchi, Y.

Y. Taniguchi, H. Inoue, M. Sawasaki, Y. Tanaka, T. Hasegawa, T. Sasaki, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “An ulta-high-quality MVA-LCD using a new multi-layer CF resin spacer and black-matrix,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 30, 378-381 (2000).

Tanuma, S.

K. Hanaoka, Y. Nakanishi, Y. Inoue, S. Tanuma, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A new MVS-LCD by polymer sustained alignment technology,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 35, 1200-1203 (2004).
[Crossref]

Tsuda, H.

S. Kataoka, A. Takeda, H. Tsuda, Y. Koike, H. Inoue, T. Fujikawa, T. Sasabayashi, and K. Okamoto, “A new MVA-LCD with jagged shaped pixel electrodes,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 32, 1066-1069 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 29, 1077-1080 (1998).
[Crossref]

Wu, S. T.

S. H. Lee, S. M. Kim, and S. T. Wu, “Review paper: Emerging vertical-alignment liquid-crystal technology associated with surface modification using UV-curable monomer,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 17(7), 551-559 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wu, S.-T.

S. G. Kim, S. M. Kim, Y. S. Kim, H. K. Lee, S. H. Lee, J.-J. Lyu, K. H. Kim, R. Lu, and S.-T. Wu, “Trapping of defect point to improve response time via controlled aximuthal anchoring in a vertically aligned liquid crystal cell with polymer wall,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 055401 (2008).

Yamada, Y.

K. Miyachi, K. Kobayashi, Y. Yamada, and S. Mizushima, “The world’s first photo alignment LCD technology applied to generation ten factory,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41, 579-582 (2010).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

M. Oh-E and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 3895-3897 (1995).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 2881-2883 (1998).
[Crossref]

S. G. Kim, S. M. Kim, Y. S. Kim, H. K. Lee, S. H. Lee, G.-D. Lee, J.-J. Lyu, and K. H. Kim, “Stabilization of the liquid crystal director in the patterned vertical alignment mode through formation of petite angle by reactive mesogen,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 261910 (2007).

A. Lien, “Extended jones matrix representation for the twisted nematic liquid-crystal display at oblique incidence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 2767-2769 (1990).
[Crossref]

J. Disp. Technol. (1)

J. -J. Lyu, J. Sohn, H. Y. Kim, and S. H. Lee, “Recent trends on patterned vertical alignment (PVA) and fringe-field switching (FFS) liquid crystal displays for liquid crystal television applications,” J. Disp. Technol. 3, 404-412 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Inf. Disp. (2)

T. W. Ko, J. C. Kim, J.-H. Lee, H. C. Choi, S.-H Ji, J.-M. Choi, C.-H. Lee, and G.-D. Lee, “In-plane switching liquid crystal cell with a mixed bent electrode structure for fast response time,” J. Inf. Disp. 9, 12-15 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. H. Kim, Y. J. Lim, D. E. Kim, H. Ren, S. H. Ahn, and S. H. Lee, “Past, present, and future of fringe-field switching-liquid crystal display,” J. Inf. Disp. 15, 99-106 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. of Disp. Technol. (1)

H. Mori, “The wide view (WV) film for enhancing the field of view of LCDs,” J. of Disp. Technol. 1, 179-186 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. (1)

S. G. Kim, S. M. Kim, Y. S. Kim, H. K. Lee, S. H. Lee, J.-J. Lyu, K. H. Kim, R. Lu, and S.-T. Wu, “Trapping of defect point to improve response time via controlled aximuthal anchoring in a vertically aligned liquid crystal cell with polymer wall,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 41, 055401 (2008).

J. Soc. Inf. Disp. (3)

S. S. Kim, B. N. Berkeley, K. -H. Kim, and Jang Kun Song, “New technologies for advanced LCD-TV performance,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12/4, 353-359 (2004).

S. H. Lee, H. Y. Kim, S. M. Lee, S. H. Hong, J. M. Kim, J. W. Koh, J. Y. Lee, and H. S. Park, “Ultra-FFS TFT-LCD with super image quality, fast response time, and strong pressure-resistant characteristics,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 10/2, 117-122 (2002).

S. H. Lee, S. M. Kim, and S. T. Wu, “Review paper: Emerging vertical-alignment liquid-crystal technology associated with surface modification using UV-curable monomer,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 17(7), 551-559 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. M. Kim, I. Y. Cho, W. I. Kim, K.-U. Jeong, S. H. Lee, G.-D. Lee, J.-J. Lyu, and K. H. Kim, “Surface-modification on vertical alignment layer using UV-curable reactive mesogens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48, 032405 (2009).

Liq. Cryst. (1)

S. W. Park, S. H. Lim, Y. E. Choi, K.-U. Jeong, M.-H. Lee, H. S. Chang, H. S. Kim, and S. H. Lee, “Multi-domain vertical alignment liquid crtstal displays with ink-jet printed protrutions,” Liq. Cryst. 39, 501-507 (2012).
[Crossref]

SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. (6)

A. Takeda, S. Kataoka, T. Sasaki, H. Chida, H. Tsuda, K. Ohmuro, T. Sasabayashi, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A super-high image quality multi-domain vertical alignment LCD by new rubbing-less technology,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 29, 1077-1080 (1998).
[Crossref]

Y. Taniguchi, H. Inoue, M. Sawasaki, Y. Tanaka, T. Hasegawa, T. Sasaki, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “An ulta-high-quality MVA-LCD using a new multi-layer CF resin spacer and black-matrix,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 30, 378-381 (2000).

S. Kataoka, A. Takeda, H. Tsuda, Y. Koike, H. Inoue, T. Fujikawa, T. Sasabayashi, and K. Okamoto, “A new MVA-LCD with jagged shaped pixel electrodes,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 32, 1066-1069 (2001).
[Crossref]

K. Miyachi, K. Kobayashi, Y. Yamada, and S. Mizushima, “The world’s first photo alignment LCD technology applied to generation ten factory,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 41, 579-582 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Hanaoka, Y. Nakanishi, Y. Inoue, S. Tanuma, Y. Koike, and K. Okamoto, “A new MVS-LCD by polymer sustained alignment technology,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 35, 1200-1203 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, H. Y. Kim, and T. Y. Kim, “A novel wide-viewing-angle technology: Ultra-trans viewTM,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 30, 202-205 (1999).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

K. H. Kim, K. Lee, S. B. Park, J. K. Song, S. N. Kim, and J. H. Souk, “Domain divided vertical alignment mode with optimized fringe field effect,” in Proc. of the 18th International Display Research Conference/Asia Display (Sheraton Walker-Hill, Korea, Sept. 1998), pp. 383-386.

Cited By

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