Abstract

We report a new all-optical flip-flop (AOFF) with a quite simple structure, using optical beating in an injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode (FP-LD) with optical bistability. While conventional AOFF methods using an injection-locked FP-LD require additional devices such as secondary FP-LDs or polarization controllers for reset operation, the proposed method can be implemented using only a single commercially available FP-LD with set and reset signals. The optical beating induces intensity fluctuations inside the FP-LD, and releases the locking state to the reset state. Even though we demonstrated the AOFF at 100 Mbit/s, we expect that its operation rate could extend to 10 Gbit/s, according to the limit of the FP-LD’s frequency response.

© 2016 Optical Society of Korea

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  1. H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, N. Calabretta, A. Srivatsa, F. M. Huijskens, H. de Waardt, and G. D. Khoe, “Optical packet switching and buffering by using all-optical signal processing methods,” J. Lightwave Technol., 21, 2-12 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  2. P. K. A. Wai, Lixin Xu, L. F. K. Lui, L. Y. Chan, C. C. Lee, H. Y. Tam and M. S. Demokan, “All-optical add-drop node for optical packet-switched networks,” Opt. Lett., 30, 1515-1517 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  3. J.-M. Liu and Y.-C. Chen, “Digital optical signal processing with polarization-bistable semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., 21, 298-306 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  4. K. Otsuka, “All-optical flip-flop operations in a coupled element bistable device,” Electron. Lett., 24, 800-801 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  5. S. Zhang, Y. Liu, D. Lenstra, M. T. Hill, H. Ju, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Ring-laser optical flip-flop memory with single active element,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., 10, 1093-1100 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  6. R. Clavero, F. Ramos, J. M. Martínez, and J. Martí, “All-optical flip-flop based on a single SOA-MZI,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., 17, 843-845 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  7. M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “All-optical flip-flop based on coupled laser diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., 37, 405-413 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  8. Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, D. Lenstra, and H. J. S. Dorren, “All-optical flip-flop memory based on two coupled polarization switches,” Electron. Lett., 38, 904-906 (2001).
  9. N. L. Hoang, J. S. Cho, Y. H. Won and Y. D. Jeong, “All-optical flip-flop with high on-off contrast ratio using two injection-locked single-mode Fabry-Perot laser diodes,” Opt. Exp., 15, 5166-5171 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  10. Y. Wu, Y. Zhu, X. Liao, J. Meng, and J.-J. He, “All-optical flip-flop operation based on bistability in V-cavity laser,” Opt. Exp., 24, 12507-12514 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  11. S. H. Lee, H. W. Jung, K. H. Kim, and M. H. Lee, “All-optical Flip-flop Operation Based on Polarization Bistability of Conventional-type 1.55-μm Wavelength Single-mode VCSELs,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea, 14, 137-141 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  12. Y. D. Jeong, J. S. Cho, Y. H. Won, H. J. Lee and H. Yoo, “All-optical flip-flop based on the bistability of injection locked Fabry-Perot laser diode,” Opt. Exp., 14, 4058-4063 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  13. H. Yoo, H. J. Lee, Y. D. Jeong, and Y. H. Won, “All-optical wavelength conversion at 10 Gbit/s using absorption modulation in a Fabry-Perot laser diode with a CW holding beam,” Micro. Opt. Technol. Lett., 47, 508-511 (2005).
    [Crossref]

2016 (1)

Y. Wu, Y. Zhu, X. Liao, J. Meng, and J.-J. He, “All-optical flip-flop operation based on bistability in V-cavity laser,” Opt. Exp., 24, 12507-12514 (2016).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

2007 (1)

N. L. Hoang, J. S. Cho, Y. H. Won and Y. D. Jeong, “All-optical flip-flop with high on-off contrast ratio using two injection-locked single-mode Fabry-Perot laser diodes,” Opt. Exp., 15, 5166-5171 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

Y. D. Jeong, J. S. Cho, Y. H. Won, H. J. Lee and H. Yoo, “All-optical flip-flop based on the bistability of injection locked Fabry-Perot laser diode,” Opt. Exp., 14, 4058-4063 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (3)

H. Yoo, H. J. Lee, Y. D. Jeong, and Y. H. Won, “All-optical wavelength conversion at 10 Gbit/s using absorption modulation in a Fabry-Perot laser diode with a CW holding beam,” Micro. Opt. Technol. Lett., 47, 508-511 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. Clavero, F. Ramos, J. M. Martínez, and J. Martí, “All-optical flip-flop based on a single SOA-MZI,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., 17, 843-845 (2005).
[Crossref]

P. K. A. Wai, Lixin Xu, L. F. K. Lui, L. Y. Chan, C. C. Lee, H. Y. Tam and M. S. Demokan, “All-optical add-drop node for optical packet-switched networks,” Opt. Lett., 30, 1515-1517 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

S. Zhang, Y. Liu, D. Lenstra, M. T. Hill, H. Ju, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Ring-laser optical flip-flop memory with single active element,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., 10, 1093-1100 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

2001 (2)

M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “All-optical flip-flop based on coupled laser diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., 37, 405-413 (2001).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, D. Lenstra, and H. J. S. Dorren, “All-optical flip-flop memory based on two coupled polarization switches,” Electron. Lett., 38, 904-906 (2001).

1988 (1)

K. Otsuka, “All-optical flip-flop operations in a coupled element bistable device,” Electron. Lett., 24, 800-801 (1988).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

J.-M. Liu and Y.-C. Chen, “Digital optical signal processing with polarization-bistable semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., 21, 298-306 (1985).
[Crossref]

Calabretta, N.

Chan, L. Y.

Chen, Y.-C.

J.-M. Liu and Y.-C. Chen, “Digital optical signal processing with polarization-bistable semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., 21, 298-306 (1985).
[Crossref]

Cho, J. S.

N. L. Hoang, J. S. Cho, Y. H. Won and Y. D. Jeong, “All-optical flip-flop with high on-off contrast ratio using two injection-locked single-mode Fabry-Perot laser diodes,” Opt. Exp., 15, 5166-5171 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. D. Jeong, J. S. Cho, Y. H. Won, H. J. Lee and H. Yoo, “All-optical flip-flop based on the bistability of injection locked Fabry-Perot laser diode,” Opt. Exp., 14, 4058-4063 (2006).
[Crossref]

Clavero, R.

R. Clavero, F. Ramos, J. M. Martínez, and J. Martí, “All-optical flip-flop based on a single SOA-MZI,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., 17, 843-845 (2005).
[Crossref]

de Waardt, H.

H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, N. Calabretta, A. Srivatsa, F. M. Huijskens, H. de Waardt, and G. D. Khoe, “Optical packet switching and buffering by using all-optical signal processing methods,” J. Lightwave Technol., 21, 2-12 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “All-optical flip-flop based on coupled laser diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., 37, 405-413 (2001).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, D. Lenstra, and H. J. S. Dorren, “All-optical flip-flop memory based on two coupled polarization switches,” Electron. Lett., 38, 904-906 (2001).

Demokan, M. S.

Dorren, H. J. S.

S. Zhang, Y. Liu, D. Lenstra, M. T. Hill, H. Ju, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Ring-laser optical flip-flop memory with single active element,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., 10, 1093-1100 (2004).
[Crossref]

H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, N. Calabretta, A. Srivatsa, F. M. Huijskens, H. de Waardt, and G. D. Khoe, “Optical packet switching and buffering by using all-optical signal processing methods,” J. Lightwave Technol., 21, 2-12 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “All-optical flip-flop based on coupled laser diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., 37, 405-413 (2001).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, D. Lenstra, and H. J. S. Dorren, “All-optical flip-flop memory based on two coupled polarization switches,” Electron. Lett., 38, 904-906 (2001).

He, J.-J.

Y. Wu, Y. Zhu, X. Liao, J. Meng, and J.-J. He, “All-optical flip-flop operation based on bistability in V-cavity laser,” Opt. Exp., 24, 12507-12514 (2016).
[Crossref]

Hill, M. T.

S. Zhang, Y. Liu, D. Lenstra, M. T. Hill, H. Ju, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Ring-laser optical flip-flop memory with single active element,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., 10, 1093-1100 (2004).
[Crossref]

H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, N. Calabretta, A. Srivatsa, F. M. Huijskens, H. de Waardt, and G. D. Khoe, “Optical packet switching and buffering by using all-optical signal processing methods,” J. Lightwave Technol., 21, 2-12 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “All-optical flip-flop based on coupled laser diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., 37, 405-413 (2001).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, D. Lenstra, and H. J. S. Dorren, “All-optical flip-flop memory based on two coupled polarization switches,” Electron. Lett., 38, 904-906 (2001).

Hoang, N. L.

N. L. Hoang, J. S. Cho, Y. H. Won and Y. D. Jeong, “All-optical flip-flop with high on-off contrast ratio using two injection-locked single-mode Fabry-Perot laser diodes,” Opt. Exp., 15, 5166-5171 (2007).
[Crossref]

Huijskens, F. M.

Jeong, Y. D.

N. L. Hoang, J. S. Cho, Y. H. Won and Y. D. Jeong, “All-optical flip-flop with high on-off contrast ratio using two injection-locked single-mode Fabry-Perot laser diodes,” Opt. Exp., 15, 5166-5171 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. D. Jeong, J. S. Cho, Y. H. Won, H. J. Lee and H. Yoo, “All-optical flip-flop based on the bistability of injection locked Fabry-Perot laser diode,” Opt. Exp., 14, 4058-4063 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. Yoo, H. J. Lee, Y. D. Jeong, and Y. H. Won, “All-optical wavelength conversion at 10 Gbit/s using absorption modulation in a Fabry-Perot laser diode with a CW holding beam,” Micro. Opt. Technol. Lett., 47, 508-511 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ju, H.

S. Zhang, Y. Liu, D. Lenstra, M. T. Hill, H. Ju, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Ring-laser optical flip-flop memory with single active element,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., 10, 1093-1100 (2004).
[Crossref]

Jung, H. W.

Khoe, G. D.

S. Zhang, Y. Liu, D. Lenstra, M. T. Hill, H. Ju, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Ring-laser optical flip-flop memory with single active element,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., 10, 1093-1100 (2004).
[Crossref]

H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, N. Calabretta, A. Srivatsa, F. M. Huijskens, H. de Waardt, and G. D. Khoe, “Optical packet switching and buffering by using all-optical signal processing methods,” J. Lightwave Technol., 21, 2-12 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “All-optical flip-flop based on coupled laser diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., 37, 405-413 (2001).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, D. Lenstra, and H. J. S. Dorren, “All-optical flip-flop memory based on two coupled polarization switches,” Electron. Lett., 38, 904-906 (2001).

Kim, K. H.

Lee, C. C.

Lee, H. J.

Y. D. Jeong, J. S. Cho, Y. H. Won, H. J. Lee and H. Yoo, “All-optical flip-flop based on the bistability of injection locked Fabry-Perot laser diode,” Opt. Exp., 14, 4058-4063 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. Yoo, H. J. Lee, Y. D. Jeong, and Y. H. Won, “All-optical wavelength conversion at 10 Gbit/s using absorption modulation in a Fabry-Perot laser diode with a CW holding beam,” Micro. Opt. Technol. Lett., 47, 508-511 (2005).
[Crossref]

Lee, M. H.

Lee, S. H.

Lenstra, D.

S. Zhang, Y. Liu, D. Lenstra, M. T. Hill, H. Ju, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Ring-laser optical flip-flop memory with single active element,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., 10, 1093-1100 (2004).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, D. Lenstra, and H. J. S. Dorren, “All-optical flip-flop memory based on two coupled polarization switches,” Electron. Lett., 38, 904-906 (2001).

Liao, X.

Y. Wu, Y. Zhu, X. Liao, J. Meng, and J.-J. He, “All-optical flip-flop operation based on bistability in V-cavity laser,” Opt. Exp., 24, 12507-12514 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.-M.

J.-M. Liu and Y.-C. Chen, “Digital optical signal processing with polarization-bistable semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., 21, 298-306 (1985).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

S. Zhang, Y. Liu, D. Lenstra, M. T. Hill, H. Ju, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Ring-laser optical flip-flop memory with single active element,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., 10, 1093-1100 (2004).
[Crossref]

H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, N. Calabretta, A. Srivatsa, F. M. Huijskens, H. de Waardt, and G. D. Khoe, “Optical packet switching and buffering by using all-optical signal processing methods,” J. Lightwave Technol., 21, 2-12 (2003).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, D. Lenstra, and H. J. S. Dorren, “All-optical flip-flop memory based on two coupled polarization switches,” Electron. Lett., 38, 904-906 (2001).

Lui, L. F. K.

Martí, J.

R. Clavero, F. Ramos, J. M. Martínez, and J. Martí, “All-optical flip-flop based on a single SOA-MZI,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., 17, 843-845 (2005).
[Crossref]

Martínez, J. M.

R. Clavero, F. Ramos, J. M. Martínez, and J. Martí, “All-optical flip-flop based on a single SOA-MZI,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., 17, 843-845 (2005).
[Crossref]

Meng, J.

Y. Wu, Y. Zhu, X. Liao, J. Meng, and J.-J. He, “All-optical flip-flop operation based on bistability in V-cavity laser,” Opt. Exp., 24, 12507-12514 (2016).
[Crossref]

Otsuka, K.

K. Otsuka, “All-optical flip-flop operations in a coupled element bistable device,” Electron. Lett., 24, 800-801 (1988).
[Crossref]

Ramos, F.

R. Clavero, F. Ramos, J. M. Martínez, and J. Martí, “All-optical flip-flop based on a single SOA-MZI,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., 17, 843-845 (2005).
[Crossref]

Srivatsa, A.

Tam, H. Y.

Wai, P. K. A.

Won, Y. H.

N. L. Hoang, J. S. Cho, Y. H. Won and Y. D. Jeong, “All-optical flip-flop with high on-off contrast ratio using two injection-locked single-mode Fabry-Perot laser diodes,” Opt. Exp., 15, 5166-5171 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. D. Jeong, J. S. Cho, Y. H. Won, H. J. Lee and H. Yoo, “All-optical flip-flop based on the bistability of injection locked Fabry-Perot laser diode,” Opt. Exp., 14, 4058-4063 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. Yoo, H. J. Lee, Y. D. Jeong, and Y. H. Won, “All-optical wavelength conversion at 10 Gbit/s using absorption modulation in a Fabry-Perot laser diode with a CW holding beam,” Micro. Opt. Technol. Lett., 47, 508-511 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y.

Y. Wu, Y. Zhu, X. Liao, J. Meng, and J.-J. He, “All-optical flip-flop operation based on bistability in V-cavity laser,” Opt. Exp., 24, 12507-12514 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, Lixin

Yoo, H.

Y. D. Jeong, J. S. Cho, Y. H. Won, H. J. Lee and H. Yoo, “All-optical flip-flop based on the bistability of injection locked Fabry-Perot laser diode,” Opt. Exp., 14, 4058-4063 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. Yoo, H. J. Lee, Y. D. Jeong, and Y. H. Won, “All-optical wavelength conversion at 10 Gbit/s using absorption modulation in a Fabry-Perot laser diode with a CW holding beam,” Micro. Opt. Technol. Lett., 47, 508-511 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

S. Zhang, Y. Liu, D. Lenstra, M. T. Hill, H. Ju, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Ring-laser optical flip-flop memory with single active element,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., 10, 1093-1100 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Y.

Y. Wu, Y. Zhu, X. Liao, J. Meng, and J.-J. He, “All-optical flip-flop operation based on bistability in V-cavity laser,” Opt. Exp., 24, 12507-12514 (2016).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (2)

K. Otsuka, “All-optical flip-flop operations in a coupled element bistable device,” Electron. Lett., 24, 800-801 (1988).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, D. Lenstra, and H. J. S. Dorren, “All-optical flip-flop memory based on two coupled polarization switches,” Electron. Lett., 38, 904-906 (2001).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

J.-M. Liu and Y.-C. Chen, “Digital optical signal processing with polarization-bistable semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., 21, 298-306 (1985).
[Crossref]

M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “All-optical flip-flop based on coupled laser diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., 37, 405-413 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. Zhang, Y. Liu, D. Lenstra, M. T. Hill, H. Ju, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Ring-laser optical flip-flop memory with single active element,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., 10, 1093-1100 (2004).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

R. Clavero, F. Ramos, J. M. Martínez, and J. Martí, “All-optical flip-flop based on a single SOA-MZI,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., 17, 843-845 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Korea (1)

Micro. Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

H. Yoo, H. J. Lee, Y. D. Jeong, and Y. H. Won, “All-optical wavelength conversion at 10 Gbit/s using absorption modulation in a Fabry-Perot laser diode with a CW holding beam,” Micro. Opt. Technol. Lett., 47, 508-511 (2005).
[Crossref]

Opt. Exp. (3)

Y. D. Jeong, J. S. Cho, Y. H. Won, H. J. Lee and H. Yoo, “All-optical flip-flop based on the bistability of injection locked Fabry-Perot laser diode,” Opt. Exp., 14, 4058-4063 (2006).
[Crossref]

N. L. Hoang, J. S. Cho, Y. H. Won and Y. D. Jeong, “All-optical flip-flop with high on-off contrast ratio using two injection-locked single-mode Fabry-Perot laser diodes,” Opt. Exp., 15, 5166-5171 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Wu, Y. Zhu, X. Liao, J. Meng, and J.-J. He, “All-optical flip-flop operation based on bistability in V-cavity laser,” Opt. Exp., 24, 12507-12514 (2016).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

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