Abstract

Simultaneous measurements using a scanning spectrograph system and transmissometer were performed for the first time over an urban site in Gwangju, Korea, to derive the ambient NO<sub>2</sub> volume mixing ratio. The differential slant column densities retrieved from the scanning spectrograph system were converted to volume mixing ratios using the light traveling distance along the scanning line of sight derived from the transmissometer light extinction coefficients. To assess the performance of this system, we compared the derived NO<sub>2</sub> volume mixing ratios with those measured by an in situ chemiluminescence monitor under various atmospheric conditions. For a cloudless atmosphere, the linear correlation coefficient (R) between the two data sets (i.e., data derived from the scanning spectrograph and from the in situ monitor) was 0.81; the value for a cloudy atmosphere was 0.69. The two sets of NO<sub>2</sub> volume mixing ratios were also compared for various wind speeds. We also consider the measurement errors, as estimated from an error propagation analysis.

© 2011 Optical Society of Korea

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. N. Bobrowski, G. Hönninger, B. Galle, and U. Platt, “Detectionof bromine monoxide in a volcanic plume,” Nature 423, 273-276 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  2. N. Bobrowski, R. von Glasow, A. Aiuppa, S. Inguaggiato,I. Louban, O. W. Ibrahim, and U. Platt, “Reactive halogenchemistry in volcanic plumes,” J. Geophys. Res. 112,D06311, doi:10.1029/2006JD007206 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. F. Lohberger, G. Honninger, and U. Platt, “Ground-basedimaging differential optical absorption spectroscopy ofatmospheric gases,” Appl. Opt. 43, 4711-4717 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. von Friedeburg, I. Pundt, K. U. Mettendorf, T. Wagner,and U. Platt, “Multi-axis-DOAS measurements of NO2during the BAB II motorway emission campaign,” Atmos.Environ. 39, 977-985 (2004).
  5. A. Heckel, A. Richter, T. Tarsu, F. Wittrock, C. Hak, I.Pundt, W. Junkermann, and J. P. Burrows, “MAX-DOASmeasurements of formaldehyde in the Po-Valley,” Atmos.Chem. Phys. 5, 909-918 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. P. Heue, A. Richter, M. Bruns, J. P. Burrows, C. V.Friedeburg, U. Platt, I. Pundt, P. Wang, and T. Wagner,“Validation of SCIAMACHY tropospheric NO2-columns with AMAXDOAS measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 5,1039-1051 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. Wang, A. Richter, M. Bruns, V. V. Rozanov, J. P.Burrows, K.-P. Heue, T. Wagner, I. Pundt, and U. Platt,“Measurements of tropospheric NO2 with an airbornemulti-axis DOAS instrument,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 5, 337-343(2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Bruns, S. A. Buehler, J. P. Burrows, A. Richter, A.Rozanov, P. Wang, K. P. Heue, U. Platt, I. Pundt, and T.Wagner, “NO2 profile retrieval using airborne multi axisUV-visible skylight absorption measurements over CentralEurope,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 3049-3058 (2006).
  9. C. K. Lee, Y. J. Kim, H. Tanimoto, N. Bobrowski, U.Platt, T. Mori, K. Yamamoto, and C. S. Hong, “High ClO and ozone depletion observed in the plume of Sakurajimavolcano, Japan,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L21809, doi:10.1029.2005GL023785 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Lee, Y. J. Kim, and C. Lee, “Estimation of the rate ofincrease in nitrogen dioxide concentrations from power plantstacks using an imaging-DOAS,” Environ. Monit. Assess.152, 61-70, doi:10.1007/s10661-008-0296-4 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Lee, Y. J. Kim, J. Jung, C. Lee, K. P. Heue, U. Platt,M. Hu, and T. Zhu, “Spatial and temporal variations in NO2distributions over Beijing, China measured by imagingdifferential optical absorption spectroscopy,” J. Environ. Manage.90, 1814-1823, doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2008.11.025 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. H. Lee, C. W. Lee, Y. M. Kim, and J. W. Kim,“Optomechanical design of a compact imaging spectrometerfor a microsatellite STSAT3,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 13,193-200 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  13. OPTEC, Model LPV-2 Long Path Visibility TransmissometerVersion 2: Technical Manual for Theory of Operation andOperating Procedures (Lowell, Michigan 1996).
  14. H. Lee, J. Kim, J. Ryu, S. Kwon, Y. Noh, and M. Gu,“2-dimensional mapping of sulfur dioxide and bromineoxide at the Sakurajima volcano with a ground basedscanning imaging spectrograph system,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea14, 204-208 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  15. U. Platt and J. Stutz, Differential Optical AbsorptionSpectroscopy, Principles and Applications (Springer Berlin,Heidelberg, Germany, 2008), doi: 10.1007/978-3-540-75776-4.
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. C. Vandaele, C. Fayt, F. Hendrick, C. Hermans, F.Humbled, M. van Roozendael, M. Gil, M. Navarro, O.Puentedura, M. Yela, G. Brathen, K. Stebel, K. Tørnkvist,P. Johnston, K. Kreher, F. Goutail, A. Mieville, J. P. Pommereau,S. Khaikine, A. Richter, H. Oetjen, F. Wittrock, S. Bugarski,U. Frieß, K. Pfeilsticker, R. Sinreich, T. Wagner, G.Corlett, and R. Leigh, “An intercomparison campaign ofground-based UV-visible measurements of NO2, BrO, andOClO slant columns: methods of analysis and results forNO2,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, D08305, doi:10.1029/2004JD005423(2005).
    [CrossRef]
  17. R. L. Kurucz, I. Furenlid, J. Brault, and L. Testerman, “Solarflux atlas from 296 nm to 1300 nm,” National Solar Observatory1, NSO, Sunspot (1984).
  18. D. J. Fish and R. L. Jones, “Rotational Raman scatteringand the ring effect in zenith-sky spectra,” Geophys. Res.Lett. 22, 811-814 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  19. S. Voigt, J. Orphal, and J. Burrows, “UV-visible absorptioncross-sections of NO2 and O3 at atmospheric temperatures and pressures by FTS,” Proceedings of the First EuropeanSymposium on Atmospheric Measurements from Space(ESAMS-99), European Space Agency 443-465, DocumentESA WPP-161 (1999).
  20. M. van Roozendael and C. Fayt, WinDOAS 2.1 SoftwareUser Manual (Inst. d’Aeron, Spatiale de Belg./Belg., Inst. voor Ruimte-Aeron., Uccle, 2001).
  21. J. Stutz and U. Platt, “Numerical analysis and estimation ofthe statistical error of differential optical absorption spectroscopymeasurements with least-squares methods,” Appl.Opt. 35, 6041-6053 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  22. W. C. Malm and G. Persha, “Comparison in the accuracyof a long-path transmissometer,” Aerosol Sci. Tech. 14,459-471 (1991).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

H. Lee, J. Kim, J. Ryu, S. Kwon, Y. Noh, and M. Gu,“2-dimensional mapping of sulfur dioxide and bromineoxide at the Sakurajima volcano with a ground basedscanning imaging spectrograph system,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea14, 204-208 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

H. Lee, Y. J. Kim, J. Jung, C. Lee, K. P. Heue, U. Platt,M. Hu, and T. Zhu, “Spatial and temporal variations in NO2distributions over Beijing, China measured by imagingdifferential optical absorption spectroscopy,” J. Environ. Manage.90, 1814-1823, doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2008.11.025 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, C. W. Lee, Y. M. Kim, and J. W. Kim,“Optomechanical design of a compact imaging spectrometerfor a microsatellite STSAT3,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 13,193-200 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

U. Platt and J. Stutz, Differential Optical AbsorptionSpectroscopy, Principles and Applications (Springer Berlin,Heidelberg, Germany, 2008), doi: 10.1007/978-3-540-75776-4.
[CrossRef]

H. Lee, Y. J. Kim, and C. Lee, “Estimation of the rate ofincrease in nitrogen dioxide concentrations from power plantstacks using an imaging-DOAS,” Environ. Monit. Assess.152, 61-70, doi:10.1007/s10661-008-0296-4 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

N. Bobrowski, R. von Glasow, A. Aiuppa, S. Inguaggiato,I. Louban, O. W. Ibrahim, and U. Platt, “Reactive halogenchemistry in volcanic plumes,” J. Geophys. Res. 112,D06311, doi:10.1029/2006JD007206 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

M. Bruns, S. A. Buehler, J. P. Burrows, A. Richter, A.Rozanov, P. Wang, K. P. Heue, U. Platt, I. Pundt, and T.Wagner, “NO2 profile retrieval using airborne multi axisUV-visible skylight absorption measurements over CentralEurope,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 3049-3058 (2006).

2005 (5)

C. K. Lee, Y. J. Kim, H. Tanimoto, N. Bobrowski, U.Platt, T. Mori, K. Yamamoto, and C. S. Hong, “High ClO and ozone depletion observed in the plume of Sakurajimavolcano, Japan,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L21809, doi:10.1029.2005GL023785 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Heckel, A. Richter, T. Tarsu, F. Wittrock, C. Hak, I.Pundt, W. Junkermann, and J. P. Burrows, “MAX-DOASmeasurements of formaldehyde in the Po-Valley,” Atmos.Chem. Phys. 5, 909-918 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Heue, A. Richter, M. Bruns, J. P. Burrows, C. V.Friedeburg, U. Platt, I. Pundt, P. Wang, and T. Wagner,“Validation of SCIAMACHY tropospheric NO2-columns with AMAXDOAS measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 5,1039-1051 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Wang, A. Richter, M. Bruns, V. V. Rozanov, J. P.Burrows, K.-P. Heue, T. Wagner, I. Pundt, and U. Platt,“Measurements of tropospheric NO2 with an airbornemulti-axis DOAS instrument,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 5, 337-343(2005).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Vandaele, C. Fayt, F. Hendrick, C. Hermans, F.Humbled, M. van Roozendael, M. Gil, M. Navarro, O.Puentedura, M. Yela, G. Brathen, K. Stebel, K. Tørnkvist,P. Johnston, K. Kreher, F. Goutail, A. Mieville, J. P. Pommereau,S. Khaikine, A. Richter, H. Oetjen, F. Wittrock, S. Bugarski,U. Frieß, K. Pfeilsticker, R. Sinreich, T. Wagner, G.Corlett, and R. Leigh, “An intercomparison campaign ofground-based UV-visible measurements of NO2, BrO, andOClO slant columns: methods of analysis and results forNO2,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, D08305, doi:10.1029/2004JD005423(2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

F. Lohberger, G. Honninger, and U. Platt, “Ground-basedimaging differential optical absorption spectroscopy ofatmospheric gases,” Appl. Opt. 43, 4711-4717 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. von Friedeburg, I. Pundt, K. U. Mettendorf, T. Wagner,and U. Platt, “Multi-axis-DOAS measurements of NO2during the BAB II motorway emission campaign,” Atmos.Environ. 39, 977-985 (2004).

2003 (1)

N. Bobrowski, G. Hönninger, B. Galle, and U. Platt, “Detectionof bromine monoxide in a volcanic plume,” Nature 423, 273-276 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

M. van Roozendael and C. Fayt, WinDOAS 2.1 SoftwareUser Manual (Inst. d’Aeron, Spatiale de Belg./Belg., Inst. voor Ruimte-Aeron., Uccle, 2001).

1999 (1)

S. Voigt, J. Orphal, and J. Burrows, “UV-visible absorptioncross-sections of NO2 and O3 at atmospheric temperatures and pressures by FTS,” Proceedings of the First EuropeanSymposium on Atmospheric Measurements from Space(ESAMS-99), European Space Agency 443-465, DocumentESA WPP-161 (1999).

1996 (2)

OPTEC, Model LPV-2 Long Path Visibility TransmissometerVersion 2: Technical Manual for Theory of Operation andOperating Procedures (Lowell, Michigan 1996).

J. Stutz and U. Platt, “Numerical analysis and estimation ofthe statistical error of differential optical absorption spectroscopymeasurements with least-squares methods,” Appl.Opt. 35, 6041-6053 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

D. J. Fish and R. L. Jones, “Rotational Raman scatteringand the ring effect in zenith-sky spectra,” Geophys. Res.Lett. 22, 811-814 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

W. C. Malm and G. Persha, “Comparison in the accuracyof a long-path transmissometer,” Aerosol Sci. Tech. 14,459-471 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

R. L. Kurucz, I. Furenlid, J. Brault, and L. Testerman, “Solarflux atlas from 296 nm to 1300 nm,” National Solar Observatory1, NSO, Sunspot (1984).

Aerosol Sci. Tech. (1)

W. C. Malm and G. Persha, “Comparison in the accuracyof a long-path transmissometer,” Aerosol Sci. Tech. 14,459-471 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Atmos. Chem. Phys. (4)

A. Heckel, A. Richter, T. Tarsu, F. Wittrock, C. Hak, I.Pundt, W. Junkermann, and J. P. Burrows, “MAX-DOASmeasurements of formaldehyde in the Po-Valley,” Atmos.Chem. Phys. 5, 909-918 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. P. Heue, A. Richter, M. Bruns, J. P. Burrows, C. V.Friedeburg, U. Platt, I. Pundt, P. Wang, and T. Wagner,“Validation of SCIAMACHY tropospheric NO2-columns with AMAXDOAS measurements,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 5,1039-1051 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Wang, A. Richter, M. Bruns, V. V. Rozanov, J. P.Burrows, K.-P. Heue, T. Wagner, I. Pundt, and U. Platt,“Measurements of tropospheric NO2 with an airbornemulti-axis DOAS instrument,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 5, 337-343(2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Bruns, S. A. Buehler, J. P. Burrows, A. Richter, A.Rozanov, P. Wang, K. P. Heue, U. Platt, I. Pundt, and T.Wagner, “NO2 profile retrieval using airborne multi axisUV-visible skylight absorption measurements over CentralEurope,” Atmos. Chem. Phys. 6, 3049-3058 (2006).

Atmos. Environ. (1)

C. von Friedeburg, I. Pundt, K. U. Mettendorf, T. Wagner,and U. Platt, “Multi-axis-DOAS measurements of NO2during the BAB II motorway emission campaign,” Atmos.Environ. 39, 977-985 (2004).

Environ. Monit. Assess. (1)

H. Lee, Y. J. Kim, and C. Lee, “Estimation of the rate ofincrease in nitrogen dioxide concentrations from power plantstacks using an imaging-DOAS,” Environ. Monit. Assess.152, 61-70, doi:10.1007/s10661-008-0296-4 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Geophys. Res. Lett. (2)

C. K. Lee, Y. J. Kim, H. Tanimoto, N. Bobrowski, U.Platt, T. Mori, K. Yamamoto, and C. S. Hong, “High ClO and ozone depletion observed in the plume of Sakurajimavolcano, Japan,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L21809, doi:10.1029.2005GL023785 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Fish and R. L. Jones, “Rotational Raman scatteringand the ring effect in zenith-sky spectra,” Geophys. Res.Lett. 22, 811-814 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Environ. Manage. (1)

H. Lee, Y. J. Kim, J. Jung, C. Lee, K. P. Heue, U. Platt,M. Hu, and T. Zhu, “Spatial and temporal variations in NO2distributions over Beijing, China measured by imagingdifferential optical absorption spectroscopy,” J. Environ. Manage.90, 1814-1823, doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2008.11.025 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res. (2)

A. C. Vandaele, C. Fayt, F. Hendrick, C. Hermans, F.Humbled, M. van Roozendael, M. Gil, M. Navarro, O.Puentedura, M. Yela, G. Brathen, K. Stebel, K. Tørnkvist,P. Johnston, K. Kreher, F. Goutail, A. Mieville, J. P. Pommereau,S. Khaikine, A. Richter, H. Oetjen, F. Wittrock, S. Bugarski,U. Frieß, K. Pfeilsticker, R. Sinreich, T. Wagner, G.Corlett, and R. Leigh, “An intercomparison campaign ofground-based UV-visible measurements of NO2, BrO, andOClO slant columns: methods of analysis and results forNO2,” J. Geophys. Res. 110, D08305, doi:10.1029/2004JD005423(2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Bobrowski, R. von Glasow, A. Aiuppa, S. Inguaggiato,I. Louban, O. W. Ibrahim, and U. Platt, “Reactive halogenchemistry in volcanic plumes,” J. Geophys. Res. 112,D06311, doi:10.1029/2006JD007206 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Journal of the Optical Society of Korea (2)

H. Lee, J. Kim, J. Ryu, S. Kwon, Y. Noh, and M. Gu,“2-dimensional mapping of sulfur dioxide and bromineoxide at the Sakurajima volcano with a ground basedscanning imaging spectrograph system,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea14, 204-208 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, C. W. Lee, Y. M. Kim, and J. W. Kim,“Optomechanical design of a compact imaging spectrometerfor a microsatellite STSAT3,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 13,193-200 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

N. Bobrowski, G. Hönninger, B. Galle, and U. Platt, “Detectionof bromine monoxide in a volcanic plume,” Nature 423, 273-276 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Proceedings of the First European Symposium on Atmospheric Measurements from Space (ESAMS-99) (1)

S. Voigt, J. Orphal, and J. Burrows, “UV-visible absorptioncross-sections of NO2 and O3 at atmospheric temperatures and pressures by FTS,” Proceedings of the First EuropeanSymposium on Atmospheric Measurements from Space(ESAMS-99), European Space Agency 443-465, DocumentESA WPP-161 (1999).

Other (4)

M. van Roozendael and C. Fayt, WinDOAS 2.1 SoftwareUser Manual (Inst. d’Aeron, Spatiale de Belg./Belg., Inst. voor Ruimte-Aeron., Uccle, 2001).

OPTEC, Model LPV-2 Long Path Visibility TransmissometerVersion 2: Technical Manual for Theory of Operation andOperating Procedures (Lowell, Michigan 1996).

U. Platt and J. Stutz, Differential Optical AbsorptionSpectroscopy, Principles and Applications (Springer Berlin,Heidelberg, Germany, 2008), doi: 10.1007/978-3-540-75776-4.
[CrossRef]

R. L. Kurucz, I. Furenlid, J. Brault, and L. Testerman, “Solarflux atlas from 296 nm to 1300 nm,” National Solar Observatory1, NSO, Sunspot (1984).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.