Abstract

In this study, we have fabricated two types of non-invasive fiber-optic respiration sensors that can measure respiratory signals during magnetic resonance (MR) image acquisition. One is a nasal-cavity attached sensor that can measure the temperature variation of air-flow using a thermochromic pigment. The other is an abdomen attached sensor that can measure the abdominal circumference change using a sensing part composed of polymethyl-methacrylate (PMMA) tubes, a mirror and a spring. We have measured modulated light guided to detectors in the MRI control room via optical fibers due to the respiratory movements of the patient in the MR room, and the respiratory signals of the fiber-optic respiration sensors are compared with those of the BIOPAC<TEX>$^{(R)}$</TEX> system. We have verified that respiratory signals can be obtained without deteriorating the MR image. It is anticipated that the proposed fiber-optic respiration sensors would be highly suitable for respiratory monitoring during surgical procedures performed inside an MRI system.

© 2010 Optical Society of Korea

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  1. M. Folke, L. Cernerud, M. Ekstrom, and B. Hok, “Critical review of non-invasive respiratory monitoring in medical care,” Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 41, 377-383 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. K. Lemieux and G. H. Glover, “An infrared device for monitoring the respiration of small rodents during magnetic resonance imaging,” J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 6, 561-564 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
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  4. K. Krebber, A. Grillet, J. Witt, M. Schukar, D. Kinet, T. Thiel, F. Pirotte, and A. Depré, “Optical fibre sensors embedded into technical textile for healthcare (OFSETH),” in Proc. 16th Int. Conf. on Plastic Optical Fibres (Turin, Italy, Sep. 2007), pp. 227-233.
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    [CrossRef]
  7. S.-C. Chung, J.-H. Kwon, B. Lee, J.-H. Yi, H.-J. Kim, and G.-R. Tack, “Development of a magnetic-resonance-compatible photoplethysmograph amplifier for behavioral and emotional studies,” Behavior Research Methods 40, 342-346 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. C. S. Brau, C. T. Wheeler, L. W. Hedlund, and G. A. Johnson, “Fiber-optic stethoscope: a cardiac monitoring and gating system for magnetic resonance microscopy,” Magn. Reson. Med. 47, 314-321 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D.-W. Lim, J.-R. Park, M.-H. Choi, S.-J. Lee, J.-S. Choi, H.-S. Kim, J.-H. Yi, G.-R. Tack, B. Lee, and S.-C. Chung, “Development of a magnetic resonance-compatible galvanic skin response measurement system using optic signal,” Int. J. Neurosci. 119, 1337-1345 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Sade and A. Katzir, “Fiberoptic infrared radiometer for real time in situ thermometry inside an MRI system,” Magn. Reson. Imaging 19, 287-290 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. Davis, A. Mazzolini, and D. Murphy, “A new fibre sensor for respiratory monitoring,” Austral. Phys. Eng. Sci. Med. 20, 214-219 (1997).
  12. B. Lee, G.-R. Tack, S.-C. Chung, J.-H. Yi, S. Kim, and H. Cho, “Fiber-optic temperature sensor using a liquid crystal film for laser-induced interstitial thermotherapy,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 46, 1347-1351 (2005).
  13. B. Lee, W. Y. Choi, and J. K. Walker, “Polymer-polymer miscibility study for plastic gradient index optical fiber,” Polymer Eng. Sci. 40, 1996-1999 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Q. Chen, R. O. Claus, W. B. Spillman, F. J. Arregui, I. R. Matias, and K. L. Cooper, “Optical fiber sensors for breathing diagnostics,” Proc. SPIE 4616, 14-20 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  15. B. Lee, D. H. Cho, G.-R. Tack, S.-C. Chung, J. H. Yi, J. H. Jun, S. Son, and S. Cho, “Feasibility study of development of plastic optical fiber temperature sensor using thermosensitive clouding material,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4234-4236 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  17. Y. H. Kim, M. J. Kim, M.-S. Park, J.-H. Jang, and B. H. Lee, “Hydrogen sensor based on a palladium-coated longperiod fiber grating pair,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 12, 221-225 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  18. H. Segawa, E. Ohnishi, Y. Arai, and K. Yoshida, “Sensitivity of fiber-optic carbon dioxide sensors utilizing indicator dye,” Sens. Actuators B 94, 276-281 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. T. Augousti, F.-X. Maletras, and J. Mason, “The use of a figure-of-eight coil for fibre optic respiratory plethysmography: geometrical analysis and experimental characterization,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 11, 346-360 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  20. P. A. Oberg, H. Pettersson, L.-G. Lindberg, and M. Vegfors, “Evaluation of a new fibre-optic sensor for respiratory rate measurements,” Proc. SPIE 2331, 98-109 (1994).
  21. F. Baldini, A. Falai, A. R. D. Gaudio, D. Landi, A. Lueger, A. Mencaglia, D. Scherr, and W. Trettnak, “Continuous monitoring of gastric carbon dioxide with optical fibres,” Sens. Actuators B 90, 132-138 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

D.-W. Lim, J.-R. Park, M.-H. Choi, S.-J. Lee, J.-S. Choi, H.-S. Kim, J.-H. Yi, G.-R. Tack, B. Lee, and S.-C. Chung, “Development of a magnetic resonance-compatible galvanic skin response measurement system using optic signal,” Int. J. Neurosci. 119, 1337-1345 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

Y. H. Kim, M. J. Kim, M.-S. Park, J.-H. Jang, and B. H. Lee, “Hydrogen sensor based on a palladium-coated longperiod fiber grating pair,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 12, 221-225 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S.-C. Chung, J.-H. Kwon, B. Lee, J.-H. Yi, H.-J. Kim, and G.-R. Tack, “Development of a magnetic-resonance-compatible photoplethysmograph amplifier for behavioral and emotional studies,” Behavior Research Methods 40, 342-346 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

J. D. Jonckheere, M. Jeanne, A. Grillet, S. Weber, P. Chaud, R. Logier, and J. L. Weber, “OFSETH: optical fibre embedded into technical textile for healthcare, an efficient way to monitor patient under magnetic resonance imaging,” in Proc. IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. Soc. (Lyon, France, Aug. 2007), pp. 3950-3953.

K. Krebber, A. Grillet, J. Witt, M. Schukar, D. Kinet, T. Thiel, F. Pirotte, and A. Depré, “Optical fibre sensors embedded into technical textile for healthcare (OFSETH),” in Proc. 16th Int. Conf. on Plastic Optical Fibres (Turin, Italy, Sep. 2007), pp. 227-233.

2006 (1)

B. Lee, D. H. Cho, G.-R. Tack, S.-C. Chung, J. H. Yi, J. H. Jun, S. Son, and S. Cho, “Feasibility study of development of plastic optical fiber temperature sensor using thermosensitive clouding material,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4234-4236 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

B. Lee, G.-R. Tack, S.-C. Chung, J.-H. Yi, S. Kim, and H. Cho, “Fiber-optic temperature sensor using a liquid crystal film for laser-induced interstitial thermotherapy,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 46, 1347-1351 (2005).

A. T. Augousti, F.-X. Maletras, and J. Mason, “The use of a figure-of-eight coil for fibre optic respiratory plethysmography: geometrical analysis and experimental characterization,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 11, 346-360 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

F. Baldini, A. Falai, A. R. D. Gaudio, D. Landi, A. Lueger, A. Mencaglia, D. Scherr, and W. Trettnak, “Continuous monitoring of gastric carbon dioxide with optical fibres,” Sens. Actuators B 90, 132-138 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Segawa, E. Ohnishi, Y. Arai, and K. Yoshida, “Sensitivity of fiber-optic carbon dioxide sensors utilizing indicator dye,” Sens. Actuators B 94, 276-281 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Folke, L. Cernerud, M. Ekstrom, and B. Hok, “Critical review of non-invasive respiratory monitoring in medical care,” Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 41, 377-383 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

A. C. S. Brau, C. T. Wheeler, L. W. Hedlund, and G. A. Johnson, “Fiber-optic stethoscope: a cardiac monitoring and gating system for magnetic resonance microscopy,” Magn. Reson. Med. 47, 314-321 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Q. Chen, R. O. Claus, W. B. Spillman, F. J. Arregui, I. R. Matias, and K. L. Cooper, “Optical fiber sensors for breathing diagnostics,” Proc. SPIE 4616, 14-20 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

S. Sade and A. Katzir, “Fiberoptic infrared radiometer for real time in situ thermometry inside an MRI system,” Magn. Reson. Imaging 19, 287-290 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

B. Lee, W. Y. Choi, and J. K. Walker, “Polymer-polymer miscibility study for plastic gradient index optical fiber,” Polymer Eng. Sci. 40, 1996-1999 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

C. Larsson, L. Davidsson, P. Lundin, G. Gustafsson, and M. Vegfors, “Respiratory monitoring during MR imaging,” Acta Radiol. 40, 33-36 (1999).

1997 (1)

C. Davis, A. Mazzolini, and D. Murphy, “A new fibre sensor for respiratory monitoring,” Austral. Phys. Eng. Sci. Med. 20, 214-219 (1997).

1996 (1)

S. K. Lemieux and G. H. Glover, “An infrared device for monitoring the respiration of small rodents during magnetic resonance imaging,” J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 6, 561-564 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

M. Vegfors, L.-G. Lindberg, H. Pettersson, and P. A. Oberg, “Presentation and evaluation of a new optical sensor for respiratory rate monitoring,” Int. J. Clin. Monit. Comput. 11, 151-156 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Oberg, H. Pettersson, L.-G. Lindberg, and M. Vegfors, “Evaluation of a new fibre-optic sensor for respiratory rate measurements,” Proc. SPIE 2331, 98-109 (1994).

1993 (1)

R. D. Rempt and C. Ramon, “A fiber optic sensor detection of cardiac magnetic field,” Proc. SPIE 1886, 181-185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Acta Radiol. (1)

C. Larsson, L. Davidsson, P. Lundin, G. Gustafsson, and M. Vegfors, “Respiratory monitoring during MR imaging,” Acta Radiol. 40, 33-36 (1999).

Austral. Phys. Eng. Sci. Med. (1)

C. Davis, A. Mazzolini, and D. Murphy, “A new fibre sensor for respiratory monitoring,” Austral. Phys. Eng. Sci. Med. 20, 214-219 (1997).

Behavior Research Methods (1)

S.-C. Chung, J.-H. Kwon, B. Lee, J.-H. Yi, H.-J. Kim, and G.-R. Tack, “Development of a magnetic-resonance-compatible photoplethysmograph amplifier for behavioral and emotional studies,” Behavior Research Methods 40, 342-346 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Clin. Monit. Comput. (1)

M. Vegfors, L.-G. Lindberg, H. Pettersson, and P. A. Oberg, “Presentation and evaluation of a new optical sensor for respiratory rate monitoring,” Int. J. Clin. Monit. Comput. 11, 151-156 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Neurosci. (1)

D.-W. Lim, J.-R. Park, M.-H. Choi, S.-J. Lee, J.-S. Choi, H.-S. Kim, J.-H. Yi, G.-R. Tack, B. Lee, and S.-C. Chung, “Development of a magnetic resonance-compatible galvanic skin response measurement system using optic signal,” Int. J. Neurosci. 119, 1337-1345 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Korean Phys. Soc. (1)

B. Lee, G.-R. Tack, S.-C. Chung, J.-H. Yi, S. Kim, and H. Cho, “Fiber-optic temperature sensor using a liquid crystal film for laser-induced interstitial thermotherapy,” J. Korean Phys. Soc. 46, 1347-1351 (2005).

J. Magn. Reson. Imaging (1)

S. K. Lemieux and G. H. Glover, “An infrared device for monitoring the respiration of small rodents during magnetic resonance imaging,” J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 6, 561-564 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Korea (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

B. Lee, D. H. Cho, G.-R. Tack, S.-C. Chung, J. H. Yi, J. H. Jun, S. Son, and S. Cho, “Feasibility study of development of plastic optical fiber temperature sensor using thermosensitive clouding material,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45, 4234-4236 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Magn. Reson. Imaging (1)

S. Sade and A. Katzir, “Fiberoptic infrared radiometer for real time in situ thermometry inside an MRI system,” Magn. Reson. Imaging 19, 287-290 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Magn. Reson. Med. (1)

A. C. S. Brau, C. T. Wheeler, L. W. Hedlund, and G. A. Johnson, “Fiber-optic stethoscope: a cardiac monitoring and gating system for magnetic resonance microscopy,” Magn. Reson. Med. 47, 314-321 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. (1)

M. Folke, L. Cernerud, M. Ekstrom, and B. Hok, “Critical review of non-invasive respiratory monitoring in medical care,” Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 41, 377-383 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

A. T. Augousti, F.-X. Maletras, and J. Mason, “The use of a figure-of-eight coil for fibre optic respiratory plethysmography: geometrical analysis and experimental characterization,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 11, 346-360 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Polymer Eng. Sci. (1)

B. Lee, W. Y. Choi, and J. K. Walker, “Polymer-polymer miscibility study for plastic gradient index optical fiber,” Polymer Eng. Sci. 40, 1996-1999 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Proc. 16th Int. Conf. on Plastic Optical Fibres (1)

K. Krebber, A. Grillet, J. Witt, M. Schukar, D. Kinet, T. Thiel, F. Pirotte, and A. Depré, “Optical fibre sensors embedded into technical textile for healthcare (OFSETH),” in Proc. 16th Int. Conf. on Plastic Optical Fibres (Turin, Italy, Sep. 2007), pp. 227-233.

Proc. IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. Soc. (1)

J. D. Jonckheere, M. Jeanne, A. Grillet, S. Weber, P. Chaud, R. Logier, and J. L. Weber, “OFSETH: optical fibre embedded into technical textile for healthcare, an efficient way to monitor patient under magnetic resonance imaging,” in Proc. IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. Soc. (Lyon, France, Aug. 2007), pp. 3950-3953.

Proc. SPIE (3)

R. D. Rempt and C. Ramon, “A fiber optic sensor detection of cardiac magnetic field,” Proc. SPIE 1886, 181-185 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Q. Chen, R. O. Claus, W. B. Spillman, F. J. Arregui, I. R. Matias, and K. L. Cooper, “Optical fiber sensors for breathing diagnostics,” Proc. SPIE 4616, 14-20 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Oberg, H. Pettersson, L.-G. Lindberg, and M. Vegfors, “Evaluation of a new fibre-optic sensor for respiratory rate measurements,” Proc. SPIE 2331, 98-109 (1994).

Sens. Actuators B (2)

F. Baldini, A. Falai, A. R. D. Gaudio, D. Landi, A. Lueger, A. Mencaglia, D. Scherr, and W. Trettnak, “Continuous monitoring of gastric carbon dioxide with optical fibres,” Sens. Actuators B 90, 132-138 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Segawa, E. Ohnishi, Y. Arai, and K. Yoshida, “Sensitivity of fiber-optic carbon dioxide sensors utilizing indicator dye,” Sens. Actuators B 94, 276-281 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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