Abstract

A scanning imaging spectrograph system was used in this study to retrieve readings of the 2-D distribution of <TEX>$SO_2$</TEX> and BrO around the crater of the Sakurajima volcano in Japan. The measurement was carried out during the daytime on November 2, 2005. Measurements were made at the surface of the site, located 5 km from the Sakurajima crater. One hundred horizontal scans were performed. Each column scanned by the system consists of 64 vertical pixels in order to retrieve the spatial distributions of BrO and <TEX>$SO_2$</TEX> in the plume in terms of slant column densities (SCDs). Measured spectra were analyzed to identify and quantify <TEX>$SO_2$</TEX> and BrO in the volcanic plume utilizing the plume's specific absorption features in the ultra violet region. Two-dimensional BrO and <TEX>$SO_2$</TEX> distributions in SCD were retrieved horizontally covering the upwind, crater and downwind areas, and vertically, including the plume in the center of the scanned image. Both horizontal and vertical dispersions of <TEX>$SO_2$</TEX> SCD from the crater were successfully measured to be from <TEX>$10^{17}$</TEX> to <TEX>$4.5{\times}10^{18}$</TEX> molecules <TEX>$cm^{-2}$</TEX>. However, BrO was measured below <TEX>$10^{15}$</TEX> molecules <TEX>$cm^{-2}$</TEX>, which is considered its background level.

© 2010 Optical Society of Korea

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. N. Bobrowski, G. Hönninger, B. Galle, and U. Platt, “Detection of bromine monoxide in a volcanic plume,” Nature 423, 273-276 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. K. Lee, Y. J. Kim, H. Tanimoto, N. Bobrowski, U. Platt, T. Mori, K. Yamamoto, and C. S. Hong, “High ClO and ozone depletion observed in the plume of Sakurajima volcano, Japan,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32 L21809, doi:10.1029.2005GL023785 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. N. Bobrowski, R. von Glasow, A. Aiuppa, S. Inguaggiato, I. Louban, O. W. Ibrahim, and U. Platt, “Reactive halogen chemistry in volcanic plumes,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D06311, doi:10.1029/2006JD007206 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. Bobrowski and U. Platt, “SO2/BrO ratios studied in five volcanic plumes,” J. Volcanol. Geoth. Res. 166, 147-160 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. H. Lee, T. S. Jang, H. S. Yang, and S. W. Rhee, “Optical design of a compact imaging spectrometer for STSAT3,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 12, 262-268 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. H. Lee, C. W. Lee, Y. M. Kim, and J. W. Kim, “Optomechanical design of a compact imaging spectrometer for a microsatellite STSAT3,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 13, 193-200 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. Lohberger, G. Honninger, and U. Platt, “Ground-based imaging differential optical absorption spectroscopy of atmospheric gases,” Appl. Opt. 43, 4711-4717 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Lee, Y. J. Kim, and C. Lee, “Estimation of the rate of increase in nitrogen dioxide concentrations from power plant stacks using an imaging-DOAS,” Environ. Monit. Assess. 152, 61-70, doi:10.1007/s10661-008-0296-4 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. Lee, Y. J. Kim, J. Jung, C. Lee, K. P. Heue, U. Platt, M. Hu, and T. Zhu, “Spatial and temporal variations in <TEX>$NO_2$</TEX> distributions over Beijing, China measured by imaging differential optical absorption spectroscopy,” J. Environ. Manage. 90, 1814-1823, doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2008.11.025 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. U. Platt and J. Stutz, Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy, Principles and Applications (Springer Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany, 2008) doi:10.1007/978-3-540-75776-4.
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. L. Kurucz, I. Furenlid, J. Brault, and L. Testerman, “Solar flux atlas from 296 nm to 1300 nm,” National Solar Observatory, 1, NSO, Sunspot (1984).
  12. D. J. Fish and R. L. Jones, “Rotational Raman scattering and the ring effect in zenith-sky spectra,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 811-814 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

2009

J. H. Lee, C. W. Lee, Y. M. Kim, and J. W. Kim, “Optomechanical design of a compact imaging spectrometer for a microsatellite STSAT3,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 13, 193-200 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Lee, Y. J. Kim, J. Jung, C. Lee, K. P. Heue, U. Platt, M. Hu, and T. Zhu, “Spatial and temporal variations in <TEX>$NO_2$</TEX> distributions over Beijing, China measured by imaging differential optical absorption spectroscopy,” J. Environ. Manage. 90, 1814-1823, doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2008.11.025 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

U. Platt and J. Stutz, Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy, Principles and Applications (Springer Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany, 2008) doi:10.1007/978-3-540-75776-4.
[CrossRef]

H. Lee, Y. J. Kim, and C. Lee, “Estimation of the rate of increase in nitrogen dioxide concentrations from power plant stacks using an imaging-DOAS,” Environ. Monit. Assess. 152, 61-70, doi:10.1007/s10661-008-0296-4 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, T. S. Jang, H. S. Yang, and S. W. Rhee, “Optical design of a compact imaging spectrometer for STSAT3,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 12, 262-268 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

N. Bobrowski, R. von Glasow, A. Aiuppa, S. Inguaggiato, I. Louban, O. W. Ibrahim, and U. Platt, “Reactive halogen chemistry in volcanic plumes,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D06311, doi:10.1029/2006JD007206 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Bobrowski and U. Platt, “SO2/BrO ratios studied in five volcanic plumes,” J. Volcanol. Geoth. Res. 166, 147-160 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

C. K. Lee, Y. J. Kim, H. Tanimoto, N. Bobrowski, U. Platt, T. Mori, K. Yamamoto, and C. S. Hong, “High ClO and ozone depletion observed in the plume of Sakurajima volcano, Japan,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32 L21809, doi:10.1029.2005GL023785 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

N. Bobrowski, G. Hönninger, B. Galle, and U. Platt, “Detection of bromine monoxide in a volcanic plume,” Nature 423, 273-276 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1995

D. J. Fish and R. L. Jones, “Rotational Raman scattering and the ring effect in zenith-sky spectra,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 811-814 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1984

R. L. Kurucz, I. Furenlid, J. Brault, and L. Testerman, “Solar flux atlas from 296 nm to 1300 nm,” National Solar Observatory, 1, NSO, Sunspot (1984).

Appl. Opt.

Environ. Monit. Assess.

H. Lee, Y. J. Kim, and C. Lee, “Estimation of the rate of increase in nitrogen dioxide concentrations from power plant stacks using an imaging-DOAS,” Environ. Monit. Assess. 152, 61-70, doi:10.1007/s10661-008-0296-4 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Geophys. Res. Lett.

C. K. Lee, Y. J. Kim, H. Tanimoto, N. Bobrowski, U. Platt, T. Mori, K. Yamamoto, and C. S. Hong, “High ClO and ozone depletion observed in the plume of Sakurajima volcano, Japan,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 32 L21809, doi:10.1029.2005GL023785 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Fish and R. L. Jones, “Rotational Raman scattering and the ring effect in zenith-sky spectra,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 22, 811-814 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Environ. Manage.

H. Lee, Y. J. Kim, J. Jung, C. Lee, K. P. Heue, U. Platt, M. Hu, and T. Zhu, “Spatial and temporal variations in <TEX>$NO_2$</TEX> distributions over Beijing, China measured by imaging differential optical absorption spectroscopy,” J. Environ. Manage. 90, 1814-1823, doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2008.11.025 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Geophys. Res.

N. Bobrowski, R. von Glasow, A. Aiuppa, S. Inguaggiato, I. Louban, O. W. Ibrahim, and U. Platt, “Reactive halogen chemistry in volcanic plumes,” J. Geophys. Res. 112, D06311, doi:10.1029/2006JD007206 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Volcanol. Geoth. Res.

N. Bobrowski and U. Platt, “SO2/BrO ratios studied in five volcanic plumes,” J. Volcanol. Geoth. Res. 166, 147-160 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Journal of the Optical Society of Korea

J. H. Lee, T. S. Jang, H. S. Yang, and S. W. Rhee, “Optical design of a compact imaging spectrometer for STSAT3,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 12, 262-268 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, C. W. Lee, Y. M. Kim, and J. W. Kim, “Optomechanical design of a compact imaging spectrometer for a microsatellite STSAT3,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 13, 193-200 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nature

N. Bobrowski, G. Hönninger, B. Galle, and U. Platt, “Detection of bromine monoxide in a volcanic plume,” Nature 423, 273-276 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other

U. Platt and J. Stutz, Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy, Principles and Applications (Springer Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany, 2008) doi:10.1007/978-3-540-75776-4.
[CrossRef]

R. L. Kurucz, I. Furenlid, J. Brault, and L. Testerman, “Solar flux atlas from 296 nm to 1300 nm,” National Solar Observatory, 1, NSO, Sunspot (1984).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.