Abstract

A set of radiative transfer software named CART (Combined Atmospheric Radiative Transfer) has been developed to rapidly calculate atmospheric transmittance and background radiance. The spectral resolution of CART is <TEX>$1cm^{-1}$</TEX>, and the spectral region covers from 1 to <TEX>$25000cm^{-1}$</TEX>. CART has five characteristic features, and it can be applied to many fields. The features and applications of CART are summarized in detail.

© 2010 Optical Society of Korea

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  1. F. X. Kneizys, E. P. Shettle, G. P. Anderson, W. O. Gallery, L. W. Abreu, J. E. A. Selby, J. H. Chetwynd, and S. A. Clough, “User’s guide to lowtran 7,” AFGL-TR-88-0177, Environmental Research Papers, No. 1010, August, 1988.
  2. F. X. Kneisys, D. C. Robertson, L. W. Abreu, P. Acharya, G. P. Anderson, L. S. Rothman, J. H. Chetwynd, J. E. A. Selby, E. P. Shettle, W. O. Gallery, A. Berk, S. A. Clough, and L. S. Bernsterin, “The modtran 2/3 and lowtran 7 model,” MODTRAN Report, 1-268 (1995).
  3. G. P. Anderson, S. A. Clough, F. X. Kneizys, E. P. Shettle, L. W. Abreu, J. H. Chetwynd, and L. A. Hall, “FASCOD3: spectral simulation,” in Proc. I.R.S.1988 International Symposium (Lille, France, 1988), pp. 372-375.
  4. AER’s radiative transfer working group. AER’s public release radiative transfer models and databases. 2002, http://www.rtweb.aer.com.
  5. H. L. Wei, X. H. Chen, R. Z. Rao, and Y. J. Wang, “A moderate-spectral-resolution transmittance model based on fitting the line-by-line calculation,” Opt. Express 15, 8360-8370 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. X. H. Chen and H. L. Wei, “Variation of infrared atmospheric transmittance based on atmospheric models in typical regions of China,” Laser and Infrared 38, 1090-1093 (2008).
  7. X. H. Chen, H. L. Wei, X. B. Li, C. D. Xu, and Q. S. Xu, “A calculating model for aerosol extinction from visible to far infrared wavelength,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams 21, 183-189 (2009).
  8. X. H. Chen, H. L. Wei, P. Yang, Z. H. Jin, and B. A. Baum, “An efficient method for comparing atmospheric radiances in clear-sky and cloudy conditions,” Submitted to JQSRT.
  9. M. J. Mlawer, D. C. Tobin, and S. A. Clough, “A revised perspective on the water vapor continuum: the MT_CKD model,” Atmos. And Environ. Res., Lexington, Massachusetts, http://rtweb.aer.com/continuum_frame.html.
  10. L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, A. Barbe, A. Goldman, L. R. Gillis, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, J. M. Flaud, and C. Camy-Peyret, “AFGL atmospheric absorption line parameters compilation: 1982 edition,” Appl Opt. 22, 2247-2256 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  11. L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, H. M. Pickett, R. L. Poynter, J. M. Flaud, C. Camy-Peyret, A. Barbe, N. Husson, C. P. Rinsland, and M. A. H. Smith, “The HITRAN database: 1986 edition,” Appl. Opt. 26, 4058-4097 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  12. L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, C. Camy-peyret, and A. Perrin, “The HITRAN molecular database: editions of 1991 and 1992,” JQSRT 48, 469-507 (1992).
  13. L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J. M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, Y.-Y. Mandin, J. W. Schroeder, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Juchs, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, and P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN atmospheric workstation): 1996 edition,” JQSRT 60, 665-710 (1998).
  14. L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” JQSRT 82, 5-44 (2003).
  15. L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mjandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” JQSRT 96, 137-204 (2005).
  16. L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. aumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. V. Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” JQSRT 110, 533-572 (2009).
  17. H. L. Wei, C. J. Wu, Z. J. Ma, Y. Q. Yuan, B. L. Cao, and Z. B. Gong, “A new method for improving the measurement spectral resolution of atmospheric absorption spectra,” Acta Optica Sinica 22, 165-169 (2002).
  18. H. L. Wei, C. J. Wu, and Z. B. Gong, “High-resolution absorption spectra of real atmosphere at 1.315 <TEX>${\mu}m$</TEX>,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams 14, 35-40 (2002).
  19. K. Stamnes, S. C. Tsay, W. J. Wiscombe, and K. Jayaweera, “Numerically stable algorithm for discrete- ordinate- method radiative transfer in multiple scattering and emitting layered media,” Appl. Opt. 27, 2502-2509 (1998).
  20. H. H. Aumann, M. T. Chahine, C. Gautier, M. D. Goldberg, E. Kalnay, L. M. Mcmillin, M. H. Revercomb, P. W. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, S. H. Staelin, L. L. Strow, and J. Susskind, “AIRS/AMSU/HSB on the aqua mission: design, science objectives, data product, and processing systems,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 41, 253-264 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  21. P. Yang, K. N. Liou, K. Wyser, and D. Mitchell, “Parameterization of scattering and absorption properties of individual ice crystals,” JGR 105, 4699-4718 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  22. P. Yang, H. L. Wei, H. L. Huang, B. A. Baum, Y. X. Hu, G. W. Kattawar, M. I. Mishchenko, and Q. Fu, “Scattering and absorption property database for nonspherical ice particles in the near- through far-infrared spectral region,” Appl. Opt. 44, 5512-5523 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  23. R. O. Green, J. E. Conel, J. S. Margolis, V. Carrere, C. J. Bruegge, M. Rast, and G. Hoover, “In-flight validation and calibration of the spectral and radiometric characteristics of the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Proc. SPIE 1298, 18-36 (1990).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (2)

X. H. Chen, H. L. Wei, X. B. Li, C. D. Xu, and Q. S. Xu, “A calculating model for aerosol extinction from visible to far infrared wavelength,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams 21, 183-189 (2009).

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. aumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. V. Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” JQSRT 110, 533-572 (2009).

2008 (1)

X. H. Chen and H. L. Wei, “Variation of infrared atmospheric transmittance based on atmospheric models in typical regions of China,” Laser and Infrared 38, 1090-1093 (2008).

2007 (1)

2005 (2)

P. Yang, H. L. Wei, H. L. Huang, B. A. Baum, Y. X. Hu, G. W. Kattawar, M. I. Mishchenko, and Q. Fu, “Scattering and absorption property database for nonspherical ice particles in the near- through far-infrared spectral region,” Appl. Opt. 44, 5512-5523 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mjandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” JQSRT 96, 137-204 (2005).

2003 (2)

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” JQSRT 82, 5-44 (2003).

H. H. Aumann, M. T. Chahine, C. Gautier, M. D. Goldberg, E. Kalnay, L. M. Mcmillin, M. H. Revercomb, P. W. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, S. H. Staelin, L. L. Strow, and J. Susskind, “AIRS/AMSU/HSB on the aqua mission: design, science objectives, data product, and processing systems,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 41, 253-264 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

H. L. Wei, C. J. Wu, Z. J. Ma, Y. Q. Yuan, B. L. Cao, and Z. B. Gong, “A new method for improving the measurement spectral resolution of atmospheric absorption spectra,” Acta Optica Sinica 22, 165-169 (2002).

H. L. Wei, C. J. Wu, and Z. B. Gong, “High-resolution absorption spectra of real atmosphere at 1.315 <TEX>${\mu}m$</TEX>,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams 14, 35-40 (2002).

AER’s radiative transfer working group. AER’s public release radiative transfer models and databases. 2002, http://www.rtweb.aer.com.

2000 (1)

P. Yang, K. N. Liou, K. Wyser, and D. Mitchell, “Parameterization of scattering and absorption properties of individual ice crystals,” JGR 105, 4699-4718 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J. M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, Y.-Y. Mandin, J. W. Schroeder, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Juchs, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, and P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN atmospheric workstation): 1996 edition,” JQSRT 60, 665-710 (1998).

K. Stamnes, S. C. Tsay, W. J. Wiscombe, and K. Jayaweera, “Numerically stable algorithm for discrete- ordinate- method radiative transfer in multiple scattering and emitting layered media,” Appl. Opt. 27, 2502-2509 (1998).

1995 (1)

F. X. Kneisys, D. C. Robertson, L. W. Abreu, P. Acharya, G. P. Anderson, L. S. Rothman, J. H. Chetwynd, J. E. A. Selby, E. P. Shettle, W. O. Gallery, A. Berk, S. A. Clough, and L. S. Bernsterin, “The modtran 2/3 and lowtran 7 model,” MODTRAN Report, 1-268 (1995).

1992 (1)

L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, C. Camy-peyret, and A. Perrin, “The HITRAN molecular database: editions of 1991 and 1992,” JQSRT 48, 469-507 (1992).

1990 (1)

R. O. Green, J. E. Conel, J. S. Margolis, V. Carrere, C. J. Bruegge, M. Rast, and G. Hoover, “In-flight validation and calibration of the spectral and radiometric characteristics of the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Proc. SPIE 1298, 18-36 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1988 (2)

G. P. Anderson, S. A. Clough, F. X. Kneizys, E. P. Shettle, L. W. Abreu, J. H. Chetwynd, and L. A. Hall, “FASCOD3: spectral simulation,” in Proc. I.R.S.1988 International Symposium (Lille, France, 1988), pp. 372-375.

F. X. Kneizys, E. P. Shettle, G. P. Anderson, W. O. Gallery, L. W. Abreu, J. E. A. Selby, J. H. Chetwynd, and S. A. Clough, “User’s guide to lowtran 7,” AFGL-TR-88-0177, Environmental Research Papers, No. 1010, August, 1988.

1987 (1)

1983 (1)

L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, A. Barbe, A. Goldman, L. R. Gillis, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, J. M. Flaud, and C. Camy-Peyret, “AFGL atmospheric absorption line parameters compilation: 1982 edition,” Appl Opt. 22, 2247-2256 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Acta Optica Sinica (1)

H. L. Wei, C. J. Wu, Z. J. Ma, Y. Q. Yuan, B. L. Cao, and Z. B. Gong, “A new method for improving the measurement spectral resolution of atmospheric absorption spectra,” Acta Optica Sinica 22, 165-169 (2002).

Appl Opt. (1)

L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, A. Barbe, A. Goldman, L. R. Gillis, L. R. Brown, R. A. Toth, J. M. Flaud, and C. Camy-Peyret, “AFGL atmospheric absorption line parameters compilation: 1982 edition,” Appl Opt. 22, 2247-2256 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

High Power Laser and Particle Beams (2)

H. L. Wei, C. J. Wu, and Z. B. Gong, “High-resolution absorption spectra of real atmosphere at 1.315 <TEX>${\mu}m$</TEX>,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams 14, 35-40 (2002).

X. H. Chen, H. L. Wei, X. B. Li, C. D. Xu, and Q. S. Xu, “A calculating model for aerosol extinction from visible to far infrared wavelength,” High Power Laser and Particle Beams 21, 183-189 (2009).

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing (1)

H. H. Aumann, M. T. Chahine, C. Gautier, M. D. Goldberg, E. Kalnay, L. M. Mcmillin, M. H. Revercomb, P. W. Rosenkranz, W. L. Smith, S. H. Staelin, L. L. Strow, and J. Susskind, “AIRS/AMSU/HSB on the aqua mission: design, science objectives, data product, and processing systems,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 41, 253-264 (2003).
[CrossRef]

JGR (1)

P. Yang, K. N. Liou, K. Wyser, and D. Mitchell, “Parameterization of scattering and absorption properties of individual ice crystals,” JGR 105, 4699-4718 (2000).
[CrossRef]

JQSRT (6)

L. S. Rothman, R. R. Gamache, R. H. Tipping, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, D. C. Benner, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, C. Camy-peyret, and A. Perrin, “The HITRAN molecular database: editions of 1991 and 1992,” JQSRT 48, 469-507 (1992).

L. S. Rothman, C. P. Rinsland, A. Goldman, S. T. Massie, D. P. Edwards, J. M. Flaud, A. Perrin, C. Camy-Peyret, V. Dana, Y.-Y. Mandin, J. W. Schroeder, R. R. Gamache, R. B. Wattson, K. Yoshino, K. V. Chance, K. W. Juchs, L. R. Brown, V. Nemtchinov, and P. Varanasi, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database and HAWKS (HITRAN atmospheric workstation): 1996 edition,” JQSRT 60, 665-710 (1998).

L. S. Rothman, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, L. R. Brown, C. Camy-Peyret, M. R. Carleer, K. Chance, C. Clerbaux, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, A. Fayt, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, K. W. Jucks, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, V. Nemtchinov, D. A. Newnham, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, J. Schroeder, K. M. Smith, M. A. H. Smith, K. Tang, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and K. Yoshino, “The HITRAN molecular spectroscopic database: edition of 2000 including updates of 2001,” JQSRT 82, 5-44 (2003).

L. S. Rothman, D. Jacquemart, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, M. Birk, L. R. Brown, M. R. Carleer, C. Chackerian Jr., K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, J. M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, J.-M. Hartmann, K.W. Jucks, A. G. Maki, J.-Y. Mjandin, S. T. Massie, J. Orphal, A. Perrin, C. P. Rinsland, M. A. H. Smith, J. Tennyson, R. N. Tolchenov, R. A. Toth, J. V. Auwera, P. Varanasi, and G. Wagner, “The HITRAN 2004 molecular spectroscopic database,” JQSRT 96, 137-204 (2005).

L. S. Rothman, I. E. Gordon, A. Barbe, D. C. Benner, P. F. Bernath, M. Birk, V. Boudon, L. R. Brown, A. Campargue, J.-P. Champion, K. Chance, L. H. Coudert, V. Dana, V. M. Devi, S. Fally, J.-M. Flaud, R. R. Gamache, A. Goldman, D. Jacquemart, I. Kleiner, N. Lacome, W. J. Lafferty, J.-Y. Mandin, S. T. Massie, S. N. Mikhailenko, C. E. Miller, N. Moazzen-Ahmadi, O. V. aumenko, A. V. Nikitin, J. Orphal, V. I. Perevalov, A. Perrin, A. Predoi-Cross, C. P. Rinsland, M. Rotger, M. Simeckova, M. A. H. Smith, K. Sung, S. A. Tashkun, J. Tennyson, R. A. Toth, A. C. Vandaele, and J. V. Auwera, “The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database,” JQSRT 110, 533-572 (2009).

X. H. Chen, H. L. Wei, P. Yang, Z. H. Jin, and B. A. Baum, “An efficient method for comparing atmospheric radiances in clear-sky and cloudy conditions,” Submitted to JQSRT.

Laser and Infrared (1)

X. H. Chen and H. L. Wei, “Variation of infrared atmospheric transmittance based on atmospheric models in typical regions of China,” Laser and Infrared 38, 1090-1093 (2008).

Opt. Express (1)

Proc. I.R.S.1988 International Symposium (1)

G. P. Anderson, S. A. Clough, F. X. Kneizys, E. P. Shettle, L. W. Abreu, J. H. Chetwynd, and L. A. Hall, “FASCOD3: spectral simulation,” in Proc. I.R.S.1988 International Symposium (Lille, France, 1988), pp. 372-375.

Proc. SPIE (1)

R. O. Green, J. E. Conel, J. S. Margolis, V. Carrere, C. J. Bruegge, M. Rast, and G. Hoover, “In-flight validation and calibration of the spectral and radiometric characteristics of the airborne visible/infrared imaging spectrometer (AVIRIS),” Proc. SPIE 1298, 18-36 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

AER’s radiative transfer working group. AER’s public release radiative transfer models and databases. 2002, http://www.rtweb.aer.com.

F. X. Kneizys, E. P. Shettle, G. P. Anderson, W. O. Gallery, L. W. Abreu, J. E. A. Selby, J. H. Chetwynd, and S. A. Clough, “User’s guide to lowtran 7,” AFGL-TR-88-0177, Environmental Research Papers, No. 1010, August, 1988.

F. X. Kneisys, D. C. Robertson, L. W. Abreu, P. Acharya, G. P. Anderson, L. S. Rothman, J. H. Chetwynd, J. E. A. Selby, E. P. Shettle, W. O. Gallery, A. Berk, S. A. Clough, and L. S. Bernsterin, “The modtran 2/3 and lowtran 7 model,” MODTRAN Report, 1-268 (1995).

M. J. Mlawer, D. C. Tobin, and S. A. Clough, “A revised perspective on the water vapor continuum: the MT_CKD model,” Atmos. And Environ. Res., Lexington, Massachusetts, http://rtweb.aer.com/continuum_frame.html.

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