Abstract

Plasmonic-based biosensing technologies have been successfully commercialized and applied for monitoring various biomolecular interactions occurring at a sensor surface. In particular, the recent advances in nanofabrication methods and nanoparticle syntheses provide a new route to overcome the limitations of a conventional surface plasmon resonance biosensor, such as detection limit, sensitivity, selectivity, and throughput. In this paper, optical and physical properties of plasmonic nanostructures and their contributions to a realization of enhanced optical detection platforms are reviewed. Following vast surveys of the exploitation of metallic nanostructures supporting localized field enhancement, we will propose an outlook for future directions associated with a development of new types of plasmonic sensing substrates

© 2010 Optical Society of Korea

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2009

2008

S. A. Kim, K. M. Byun, J. Lee, J. H. Kim, D.-G. A. Kim, H. Baac, M. L. Shuler, and S. J. Kim, “Optical measurement of neural activity using surface plasmon resonance,” Opt. Lett. 33, 914-916 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Byun, M. L. Shuler, S. J. Kim, S. J. Yoon, and D. Kim, “Sensitivity enhancement of surface plasmon resonance imaging using periodic metallic nanowires,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 1472-1478 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Gordon, D. Sinton, K. L. Kavanagh, and A. G. Brolo, “A new generation of sensors based on extraordinary optical transmission,” Acc. Chem. Res. 41, 1049-1057 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Stewart, C. R. Anderton, L. B. Thompson, J. Maria, S. K. Gray, J. A. Rogers, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Nanostructured plasmonic sensors,” Chem. Rev. 108, 494-521 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

X. D. Hoa, A. G. Kirk, and M. Tabrizian, “Towards integrated and sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensors: a review of recent progress,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 23, 151-160 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. de Leebeeck, L. K. S. Kumar, V. de Lange, D. Sinton, R. Gordon, and A. G. Brolo, “On-chip surface-based detection with nanohole arrays,” Anal. Chem. 79, 4094-4100 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Byun, S. J. Yoon, D. Kim, and S. J. Kim, “Experimental study of sensitivity enhancement in surface plasmon resonance biosensors by use of periodic metallic nanowires,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1902-1904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Ohno, J. A. Bain, and T. E. Schlesinger, “Observation of geometrical resonance in optical throughput of very small aperture lasers associated with surface plasmons,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 083107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445, 39-46 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xiong, H. Cai, B. J. Wiley, J. Wang, M. J. Kim, and Y. Xia, “Synthesis and mechanistic study of palladium nanobars and nanorods,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129, 3665-3675(2007).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Byun, S. J. Yoon, D. Kim, and S. J. Kim, “Sensitivity analysis of a nanowire-based surface plasmon resonance biosensor in the presence of surface roughness,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24, 522-529 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Malic, B. Cui, T. Veres, and M. Tabrizian, “Enhanced surface plasmon resonance imaging detection of DNA hybridization on periodic gold nanoposts,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3092-3094 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

H. Gao, J. Henzie, and T. W. Odom, “Direct evidence for surface plasmon-mediated enhanced light transmission through metallic nanohole arrays,” Nano Lett. 6, 2104-2108 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Byun, D. Kim, and S. J. Kim, “Investigation of the profile effect on the sensitivity enhancement of nanowiremediated localized surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” Sens. Actuators B 117, 401-407 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Qin, S. Zou, C. Xue, A. Atkinson, G. C. Schatz, and C. A. Mirkin, “Designing, fabricating, and imaging Raman hot spots,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103, 13300-13303 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhao, A. Das, X. Zhang, G. C. Schatz, S. G. Sligar, and R. P. van Duyne, “Resonance surface plasmon spectroscopy:low molecular weight substrate binding to cytochrome P450,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128, 11004-11005 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhao, X. Zhang, C. R. Yonzon, A. J. Haes, and R. P. van Duyne, “Localized surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” Nanomedicine 1, 219-228 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, A. W. Wark, H. J. Lee, and R. M. Corn, “Singlenucleotide polymorphism genotyping by nanoparticle-enhanced surface plasmon resonance imaging measurements of surface ligation reactions,” Anal. Chem. 78, 3158-3164 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

J. S. Mitchell, Y. Wu, C. J. Cook, and L. Main, “Sensitivity enhancement of surface plasmon resonance biosensing of small molecules,” Anal. Biochem. 343, 125-135 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Matsui, K. Akamatsu, N. Hara, D. Miyoshi, H. Nawafune, K. Tamaki, and N. Sugimoto, “SPR sensor chip for detection of small molecules using molecularly imprinted polymer with embedded gold nanoparticles,” Anal. Chem. 77, 4282-4285 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. R. H. Stark, A. E. Halleck, and D. N. Larson, “Short order nanohole arrays in metals for highly sensitive probing of local indices of refraction as the basis for a highly multiplexed biosensor technology,” Methods 37, 37-47 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Byun, S. J. Kim, and D. Kim, “Design study of highly sensitive nanowire-enhanced surface plasmon resonance biosensors using rigorous coupled wave analysis,” Opt. Exp. 13, 3737-3742 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Rogers and R. G. Nuzzo, “Recent progress in soft lithography,” Mater. Today 8, 50-56 (2005).

2004

E. Hao and G. C. Schatz, “Electromagnetic fields around silver nanoparticles and dimers,” J. Chem. Phys. 120, 357-366 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Brolo, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Surface plasmon sensor based on the enhanced light transmission through arrays of nanoholes in gold films,” Langmuir 20, 4813-4815 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Kurihara, H. Ohkawa, Y. Iwasaki, O. Niwa, T. Tobita, and K. Suzuki, “Fiber-optic conical microsensors for surface plasmon resonance using chemically etched single-mode fiber,” Anal. Chim. Acta 523, 165-170 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Stocker, B. Menges, U. Langbein, and S. Mittler, “Multimode waveguide mode surface plasmon coupling: a sensitivity and device realizability study,” Sens. Actuators A 116, 224-231 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Hao, R. C. Bailey, G. C. Schatz, J. T. Hupp, and S. Li, “Synthesis and optical properties of “Branched” gold nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 4, 327-330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. P. Hu, S.-J. Chen, K.-T. Huang, J. H. Hsu, W. Y. Chen, G. L. Chang, and K.-A. Lai, “A novel ultrahigh-resolution surface plasmon resonance biosensor with an Au nanoclusterembedded dielectric film,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 19, 1465-1471(2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, Y. Sun, D. Song, Q. Zhang, Y. Tian, S. Bi, and H. Zhang, “Sensitivity-enhancement of wavelength-modulation surface plasmon resonance biosensor for human complement factor 4,” Anal. Biochem. 333, 99-104 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Hutter and J. H. Fendler, “Exploitation of localized surface plasmon resonance,” Adv. Mater. 16, 1685-1706 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Haes, S. Zou, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. van Duyne, “A nanoscale optical biosensor: the long range distance dependence of the localized surface plasmon resonance of noble metal nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 109-116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 668-677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles,” Opt. Comm. 220, 137-141 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. D. McFarland and R. P. van Duyne, “Single silver nanoparticles as real-time optical sensors with zeptomole sensitivity,” Nano Lett. 3, 1057-1062 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Maníková, and J. Ctyroky, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on a single-mode polarization-maintaining optical fiber,” Sens. Actuators B 90, 236-242 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, “Present and future of surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 337, 528-539 (2003).

2002

A. Roucoux, J. Schulz, and H. Patin, “Reduced transition metal colloids: a novel family of reusable catalysts?,” Chem. Rev. 102, 3757-3778 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Haes and R. P. van Duyne, “A nanoscale optical biosensor: sensitivity and selectivity of an approach based on the localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of triangular silver nanoparticles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124, 10596-10604 (2002).
[CrossRef]

X.-M. Zhu, P.-H. Lin, P. Ao, and L. B. Sorensen, “Surface treatments for surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” Sens. Actuators B 84, 106-112 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Fujii, T. Koike, K. Nakamura, S. Sasaki, K. Kurihara, D. Citterio, Y. Iwasaki, O. Niwa, and K. Suzuki, “Application of an absorption-based surface plasmon resonance principle to the development of SPR ammonium ion and enzyme sensors,” Anal. Chem. 74, 6106-6110 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

E. Hutter, J. H. Fendler, and D. Roy, “Surface plasmon resonance studies of gold and silver nanoparticles linked to gold and silver substrates by 2-aminoethanethiol and 1,6-hexanedithiol,” J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 11159-11168 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Kottmann, O. J. F. Martin, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Plasmon resonances of silver nanowires with a nonregular cross section,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 235402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Haynes and R. P. van Duyne, “Nanosphere lithography: a versatile nanofabrication tool for studies of sizedependent nanoparticle optics,” J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 5599-5611 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. A. El-Sayed, “Some interesting properties of metals confined in time and nanometer space of different shapes,” Acc. Chem. Res. 34, 257-264 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. R. Jana, L. Gearheart, and C. J. Murphy, “Seed-mediated growth approach for shape-controlled synthesis of spheroidal and rod-like gold nanoparticles using a surfactant template,” Adv. Mater. 13, 1389-1393 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. P. Nelson, T. E. Grimsrud, M. R. Liles, R. M. Goodman, and R. M. Corn, “Surface plasmon resonance imaging measurements of DNA and RNA hybridization adsorption onto DNA microarrays,” Anal. Chem. 73, 1-7 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

J. P. Kottmann, O. J. F. Martin, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Spectral response of plasmon resonant nanoparticles with a non-regular shape,” Opt. Exp. 6, 213-219 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. He, M. D. Musick, S. R. Nicewarner, F. G. Salinas, S. J. Benkovic, M. J. Natan, and C. D. Keating, “Colloidal Au-enhanced surface plasmon resonance for ultrasensitive detection of DNA hybridization,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 9071-9077 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Akimoto, S. Sasaki, K. Ikebukuro, and I. Karube, “Effect of incident angle of light on sensitivity and detection limit for layers of antibody with surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 15, 355-362 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators B 54, 3-15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Lyon, M. D. Musick, P. C. Smith, B. D. Reiss, D. J. Pena, and M. J. Natan, “Surface plasmon resonance of colloidal Au-modified gold films,” Sens. Actuators B 54, 118-124 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Link and M. A. El-Sayed, “Shape and size dependence of radiative, non-radiative and photothermal properties of gold nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 4212-4217 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, USA, 1998).

A. V. Kabashin and P. Nikitin, “Surface plasmon resonance interferometer for bio- and chemical-sensors,” Opt. Comm.150, 5-8 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Oldenburg, R. D. Averitt, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoengineering of optical resonances,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 288, 243-247 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Libardi and H. P. Grieneisen, “Guided-mode resonance absorption in partly oxidized thin silver films,” Thin Solid Films 333, 82-87 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Zhu, X. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Fu, and Z. Liu, “Assembling colloidal Au nanoparticles with functionalized self-assembled monolayers,” Thin Solid Films 327-329, 595-598 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Lyon, M. D. Musick, and M. J. Natan, “Colloidal Auenhanced surface plasmon resonance immunosensing,” Anal. Chem. 70, 5177-5183 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

R. Karlsson and A. Falt, “Experimental design for kinetic analysis of protein-protein interactions with surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” J. Immunol. Methods 200, 121-133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y.-Y. Yu, S.-S. Chang, C.-L. Lee, and C. R. C. Wang, “Gold nanorods: electrochemical synthesis and optical properties,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 6661-6664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Jordan, A. G. Frutos, A. J. Thiel, and R. M. Corn, “Surface plasmon resonance imaging measurements of DNA hybridisation adsorption and streptavidin/DNA multilayer formation at chemically modified gold surfaces,” Anal. Chem. 69, 4939-4947 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

P. Mulvaney, “Surface plasmon spectroscopy of nanosized metal particles,” Langmuir 12, 788-800 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, and I. Lundstrom, “Biosensing with surface plasmon resonance - how it all started,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 10, 1-4 (1995).
[CrossRef]

U. Kreibig and M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany, 1995).

A. L. Plant, M. Brigham-Burke, E. C. Petrella, and D. J. O’Shannessy, “Phospholipid/alkanethiol bilayers for cellsurface receptor studies by surface plasmon resonance,” Anal. Biochem. 226, 342-348 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, “Optical fiber sensor based on surface plasmon resonance excitation,” Sens. Actuators B 29, 401-405 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

S. Underwood and P. Mulvaney, “Effect of the solution refractive index on the color of gold colloids,” Langmuir 10, 3427-3430 (1994).
[CrossRef]

E. F. A. de Vries, R. B. M. Schasfoort, J. van der Plas,and J. Greve, “Nucleic acid detection with surface plasmon resonance using cationic latex,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 9,509-514 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

M. Malmqvist, “Surface plasmon resonance for detection and measurements of antibody-antigen affinity and kinetics,” Curr. Opin. Immunol. 5, 282-286 (1993).
[CrossRef]

L. Li and C. W. Haggans, “Convergence of the coupledwave method for metallic lamellar diffraction gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 1184-1189 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991

B. Johnsson, S. Lofas, and G. Lindquist, “Immobilization of proteins to a carboxymethyldextran-modified gold surface for biospecific interaction analysis in surface plasmon resonance sensors,” Anal. Chem. 198, 268-277 (1991).

E. Stenberg, B. Persson, H. Roos, and C. Urbaniczky, “Quantitative determination of surface concentration of protein with surface plasmon resonance using radiolabeled proteins,” J. Colloid. Interf. Sci. 143, 513-526 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989

1988

H. Raether, Surface Plasmon on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany, 1988).

B. Rothenhäusler and W. Knoll, “Surface-plasmon microscopy,”Nature 332, 615-617 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986

1983

1982

A. Wokaun, J. P. Gordon, and P. F. Liao, “Radiation damping in surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 957-960 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Acc. Chem. Res.

M. A. El-Sayed, “Some interesting properties of metals confined in time and nanometer space of different shapes,” Acc. Chem. Res. 34, 257-264 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Gordon, D. Sinton, K. L. Kavanagh, and A. G. Brolo, “A new generation of sensors based on extraordinary optical transmission,” Acc. Chem. Res. 41, 1049-1057 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater.

N. R. Jana, L. Gearheart, and C. J. Murphy, “Seed-mediated growth approach for shape-controlled synthesis of spheroidal and rod-like gold nanoparticles using a surfactant template,” Adv. Mater. 13, 1389-1393 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Hutter and J. H. Fendler, “Exploitation of localized surface plasmon resonance,” Adv. Mater. 16, 1685-1706 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Bioanal. Chem.

J. Homola, “Present and future of surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 337, 528-539 (2003).

Anal. Biochem.

J. S. Mitchell, Y. Wu, C. J. Cook, and L. Main, “Sensitivity enhancement of surface plasmon resonance biosensing of small molecules,” Anal. Biochem. 343, 125-135 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, Y. Sun, D. Song, Q. Zhang, Y. Tian, S. Bi, and H. Zhang, “Sensitivity-enhancement of wavelength-modulation surface plasmon resonance biosensor for human complement factor 4,” Anal. Biochem. 333, 99-104 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Plant, M. Brigham-Burke, E. C. Petrella, and D. J. O’Shannessy, “Phospholipid/alkanethiol bilayers for cellsurface receptor studies by surface plasmon resonance,” Anal. Biochem. 226, 342-348 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Chem.

B. Johnsson, S. Lofas, and G. Lindquist, “Immobilization of proteins to a carboxymethyldextran-modified gold surface for biospecific interaction analysis in surface plasmon resonance sensors,” Anal. Chem. 198, 268-277 (1991).

E. Fujii, T. Koike, K. Nakamura, S. Sasaki, K. Kurihara, D. Citterio, Y. Iwasaki, O. Niwa, and K. Suzuki, “Application of an absorption-based surface plasmon resonance principle to the development of SPR ammonium ion and enzyme sensors,” Anal. Chem. 74, 6106-6110 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Matsui, K. Akamatsu, N. Hara, D. Miyoshi, H. Nawafune, K. Tamaki, and N. Sugimoto, “SPR sensor chip for detection of small molecules using molecularly imprinted polymer with embedded gold nanoparticles,” Anal. Chem. 77, 4282-4285 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Lyon, M. D. Musick, and M. J. Natan, “Colloidal Auenhanced surface plasmon resonance immunosensing,” Anal. Chem. 70, 5177-5183 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Li, A. W. Wark, H. J. Lee, and R. M. Corn, “Singlenucleotide polymorphism genotyping by nanoparticle-enhanced surface plasmon resonance imaging measurements of surface ligation reactions,” Anal. Chem. 78, 3158-3164 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Jordan, A. G. Frutos, A. J. Thiel, and R. M. Corn, “Surface plasmon resonance imaging measurements of DNA hybridisation adsorption and streptavidin/DNA multilayer formation at chemically modified gold surfaces,” Anal. Chem. 69, 4939-4947 (1997).
[CrossRef]

B. P. Nelson, T. E. Grimsrud, M. R. Liles, R. M. Goodman, and R. M. Corn, “Surface plasmon resonance imaging measurements of DNA and RNA hybridization adsorption onto DNA microarrays,” Anal. Chem. 73, 1-7 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. de Leebeeck, L. K. S. Kumar, V. de Lange, D. Sinton, R. Gordon, and A. G. Brolo, “On-chip surface-based detection with nanohole arrays,” Anal. Chem. 79, 4094-4100 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Chim. Acta

K. Kurihara, H. Ohkawa, Y. Iwasaki, O. Niwa, T. Tobita, and K. Suzuki, “Fiber-optic conical microsensors for surface plasmon resonance using chemically etched single-mode fiber,” Anal. Chim. Acta 523, 165-170 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bioelectron.

X. D. Hoa, A. G. Kirk, and M. Tabrizian, “Towards integrated and sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensors: a review of recent progress,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 23, 151-160 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Biosens. Bioelectron.

B. Liedberg, C. Nylander, and I. Lundstrom, “Biosensing with surface plasmon resonance - how it all started,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 10, 1-4 (1995).
[CrossRef]

E. F. A. de Vries, R. B. M. Schasfoort, J. van der Plas,and J. Greve, “Nucleic acid detection with surface plasmon resonance using cationic latex,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 9,509-514 (1994).
[CrossRef]

W. P. Hu, S.-J. Chen, K.-T. Huang, J. H. Hsu, W. Y. Chen, G. L. Chang, and K.-A. Lai, “A novel ultrahigh-resolution surface plasmon resonance biosensor with an Au nanoclusterembedded dielectric film,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 19, 1465-1471(2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Akimoto, S. Sasaki, K. Ikebukuro, and I. Karube, “Effect of incident angle of light on sensitivity and detection limit for layers of antibody with surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 15, 355-362 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

S. J. Oldenburg, R. D. Averitt, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoengineering of optical resonances,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 288, 243-247 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Rev.

M. E. Stewart, C. R. Anderton, L. B. Thompson, J. Maria, S. K. Gray, J. A. Rogers, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Nanostructured plasmonic sensors,” Chem. Rev. 108, 494-521 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Roucoux, J. Schulz, and H. Patin, “Reduced transition metal colloids: a novel family of reusable catalysts?,” Chem. Rev. 102, 3757-3778 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Curr. Opin. Immunol.

M. Malmqvist, “Surface plasmon resonance for detection and measurements of antibody-antigen affinity and kinetics,” Curr. Opin. Immunol. 5, 282-286 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.

K. M. Byun, M. L. Shuler, S. J. Kim, S. J. Yoon, and D. Kim, “Sensitivity enhancement of surface plasmon resonance imaging using periodic metallic nanowires,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 26, 1472-1478 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc.

A. J. Haes and R. P. van Duyne, “A nanoscale optical biosensor: sensitivity and selectivity of an approach based on the localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of triangular silver nanoparticles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124, 10596-10604 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhao, A. Das, X. Zhang, G. C. Schatz, S. G. Sligar, and R. P. van Duyne, “Resonance surface plasmon spectroscopy:low molecular weight substrate binding to cytochrome P450,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128, 11004-11005 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. He, M. D. Musick, S. R. Nicewarner, F. G. Salinas, S. J. Benkovic, M. J. Natan, and C. D. Keating, “Colloidal Au-enhanced surface plasmon resonance for ultrasensitive detection of DNA hybridization,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 9071-9077 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xiong, H. Cai, B. J. Wiley, J. Wang, M. J. Kim, and Y. Xia, “Synthesis and mechanistic study of palladium nanobars and nanorods,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129, 3665-3675(2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

T. Ohno, J. A. Bain, and T. E. Schlesinger, “Observation of geometrical resonance in optical throughput of very small aperture lasers associated with surface plasmons,” J. Appl. Phys. 101, 083107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

E. Hao and G. C. Schatz, “Electromagnetic fields around silver nanoparticles and dimers,” J. Chem. Phys. 120, 357-366 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Colloid. Interf. Sci.

E. Stenberg, B. Persson, H. Roos, and C. Urbaniczky, “Quantitative determination of surface concentration of protein with surface plasmon resonance using radiolabeled proteins,” J. Colloid. Interf. Sci. 143, 513-526 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Immunol. Methods

R. Karlsson and A. Falt, “Experimental design for kinetic analysis of protein-protein interactions with surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” J. Immunol. Methods 200, 121-133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Opt. Soc. Korea

J. Phys. Chem. B

E. Hutter, J. H. Fendler, and D. Roy, “Surface plasmon resonance studies of gold and silver nanoparticles linked to gold and silver substrates by 2-aminoethanethiol and 1,6-hexanedithiol,” J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 11159-11168 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 668-677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Haynes and R. P. van Duyne, “Nanosphere lithography: a versatile nanofabrication tool for studies of sizedependent nanoparticle optics,” J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 5599-5611 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y.-Y. Yu, S.-S. Chang, C.-L. Lee, and C. R. C. Wang, “Gold nanorods: electrochemical synthesis and optical properties,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 6661-6664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Haes, S. Zou, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. van Duyne, “A nanoscale optical biosensor: the long range distance dependence of the localized surface plasmon resonance of noble metal nanoparticles,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 109-116 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Link and M. A. El-Sayed, “Shape and size dependence of radiative, non-radiative and photothermal properties of gold nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 4212-4217 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Langmuir

A. G. Brolo, R. Gordon, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, “Surface plasmon sensor based on the enhanced light transmission through arrays of nanoholes in gold films,” Langmuir 20, 4813-4815 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Underwood and P. Mulvaney, “Effect of the solution refractive index on the color of gold colloids,” Langmuir 10, 3427-3430 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Mulvaney, “Surface plasmon spectroscopy of nanosized metal particles,” Langmuir 12, 788-800 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Today

J. A. Rogers and R. G. Nuzzo, “Recent progress in soft lithography,” Mater. Today 8, 50-56 (2005).

Methods

P. R. H. Stark, A. E. Halleck, and D. N. Larson, “Short order nanohole arrays in metals for highly sensitive probing of local indices of refraction as the basis for a highly multiplexed biosensor technology,” Methods 37, 37-47 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

A. D. McFarland and R. P. van Duyne, “Single silver nanoparticles as real-time optical sensors with zeptomole sensitivity,” Nano Lett. 3, 1057-1062 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Gao, J. Henzie, and T. W. Odom, “Direct evidence for surface plasmon-mediated enhanced light transmission through metallic nanohole arrays,” Nano Lett. 6, 2104-2108 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Hao, R. C. Bailey, G. C. Schatz, J. T. Hupp, and S. Li, “Synthesis and optical properties of “Branched” gold nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 4, 327-330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nanomedicine

J. Zhao, X. Zhang, C. R. Yonzon, A. J. Haes, and R. P. van Duyne, “Localized surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” Nanomedicine 1, 219-228 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nanotechnology

K. Kim, D. J. Kim, S. Moon, D. Kim, and K. M. Byun, “Localized surface plasmon resonance detection of layered biointeractions on metallic subwavelength nanogratings,” Nanotechnology 20, 315501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nature

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445, 39-46 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Rothenhäusler and W. Knoll, “Surface-plasmon microscopy,”Nature 332, 615-617 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Comm.

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles,” Opt. Comm. 220, 137-141 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Kabashin and P. Nikitin, “Surface plasmon resonance interferometer for bio- and chemical-sensors,” Opt. Comm.150, 5-8 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Exp.

J. P. Kottmann, O. J. F. Martin, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Spectral response of plasmon resonant nanoparticles with a non-regular shape,” Opt. Exp. 6, 213-219 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. Piliarik and J. Homola, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: approaching their limits?,” Opt. Exp. 17, 16505-16517 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Byun, S. J. Kim, and D. Kim, “Design study of highly sensitive nanowire-enhanced surface plasmon resonance biosensors using rigorous coupled wave analysis,” Opt. Exp. 13, 3737-3742 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Optics Letters

K. M. Byun, S. J. Yoon, D. Kim, and S. J. Kim, “Experimental study of sensitivity enhancement in surface plasmon resonance biosensors by use of periodic metallic nanowires,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1902-1904 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

J. P. Kottmann, O. J. F. Martin, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Plasmon resonances of silver nanowires with a nonregular cross section,” Phys. Rev. B 64, 235402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

A. Wokaun, J. P. Gordon, and P. F. Liao, “Radiation damping in surface-enhanced Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 957-960 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.

L. Qin, S. Zou, C. Xue, A. Atkinson, G. C. Schatz, and C. A. Mirkin, “Designing, fabricating, and imaging Raman hot spots,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103, 13300-13303 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators A

P. Stocker, B. Menges, U. Langbein, and S. Mittler, “Multimode waveguide mode surface plasmon coupling: a sensitivity and device realizability study,” Sens. Actuators A 116, 224-231 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators B

M. Piliarik, J. Homola, Z. Maníková, and J. Ctyroky, “Surface plasmon resonance sensor based on a single-mode polarization-maintaining optical fiber,” Sens. Actuators B 90, 236-242 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, “Optical fiber sensor based on surface plasmon resonance excitation,” Sens. Actuators B 29, 401-405 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Byun, D. Kim, and S. J. Kim, “Investigation of the profile effect on the sensitivity enhancement of nanowiremediated localized surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” Sens. Actuators B 117, 401-407 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, S. S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators B 54, 3-15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Lyon, M. D. Musick, P. C. Smith, B. D. Reiss, D. J. Pena, and M. J. Natan, “Surface plasmon resonance of colloidal Au-modified gold films,” Sens. Actuators B 54, 118-124 (1999).
[CrossRef]

X.-M. Zhu, P.-H. Lin, P. Ao, and L. B. Sorensen, “Surface treatments for surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” Sens. Actuators B 84, 106-112 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Thin Solid Films

H. Libardi and H. P. Grieneisen, “Guided-mode resonance absorption in partly oxidized thin silver films,” Thin Solid Films 333, 82-87 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Zhu, X. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Fu, and Z. Liu, “Assembling colloidal Au nanoparticles with functionalized self-assembled monolayers,” Thin Solid Films 327-329, 595-598 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other

H. Raether, Surface Plasmon on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany, 1988).

U. Kreibig and M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany, 1995).

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, USA, 1998).

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