Abstract

This study examined the effects of surround luminance on the shape of the spatial luminance contrast sensitivity function (CSF). The reduction in brightness of uniform neutral patches shown on a computer controlled display screen is also assessed to explain the change of CSF shape. Consequently, a large amount of reduction in contrast sensitivity at middle spatial frequencies can be observed; however, the reduction is relatively small for low spatial frequencies. In general, the effect of surround luminance on the CSF appears similar to that of mean luminance. Reduced CSF responses result in less power of the filtered image; therefore, the stimulus should appear dimmer with a higher surround luminance.

© 2010 Optical Society of Korea

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  58. M. R. Luo, G. Cui, and B. Rigg, “The development of the CIE 2000 colour-difference formula: CIEDE 2000,” Col. Res. Appl. 26, 340-350 (2001).
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2010 (2)

Y. J. Kim, Y. Bang, and H. Choh, “Gradient approach to quantify the gradation smoothness for output media,” J. Electron. Img. 19, 011012 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Kim, Y. Bang, and H. Choh, “Measurement and modelling of vividness perception and observer preference for color laser printer quality,” J. Img. Sci. Tech. 54, 010501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

H. J. Lee, D. W. Choi, E. Lee, S. Y. Kim, M. Shin, S. A. Yang, S. B. Lee, H. Y. Lee, and B. H. Berkeley, “Image sticking methods for OLED TV applications,” in Proc. IMID (Ilsan, Korea, Oct. 2009), pp. 1077-1080.

2008 (3)

Y. J. Kim, M. R. Luo, W. Choe, H. S. Kim, S. O. Park, Y. Baek, P. Rhodes, S. Lee, and C. Kim, “Factors affecting the psychophysical image quality evaluation of mobile phone display: the case of transmissive LCD,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 25, 2215-2222 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Blakeslee, D. Reetz, and M. E. McCourt, “Comping to terms with lightness and brightness: effects of stimulus configuration and instructions on brightness and lightness judgments,” J. Vision 8, 1-14 (2008).

Z. Li, A. K. Bhomik, and P. J. Bos, “Introduction to mobile displays,” in Mobile Displays Technology and Applications (Wiley, Chichester, UK, 2008).

2007 (3)

M. D. Fairchild and G. M. Johnson, “Measurement and modeling of adaptation to noise in image,” J. Soc. Inf. Dis. 15, 639-647 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Kim, M. R. Luo, P. Rhodes, S. Westland, W. Choe, S. Lee, S. Lee, Y. Kwak, D. Park, and C. Kim, “Imagecolour quality modelling under various surround conditions for a 2-inch mobile transmissive LCD,” J. Soc. Inf. Dis. 15, 691-698 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Rudd and D. Popa, “Stevens’s brightness law, contrast gain control, and edge integration in achromatic color perception: a unified model,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24, 2766-2782 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (5)

S. Kitaguchi, L. MacDonald, and S. Westland, “Evaluating contrast sensitivity,” Proc. SPIE 6057, 22-31 (2006).

M. R. Luo, G. Cui, and C. Li, “Uniform colour spaces based on CIECAM02 colour appearance model,” Col. Res. Appl. 31, 320-330 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wang and A. C. Bovik, Modern Image Quality Assessment (Morgan & Claypool Publishers, NJ, USA, 2006).

S. Westland, H. Owens, V. Cheung, and I. Paterson-Stephens, “Model of luminance contrast-sensitivity function for application to image assessment,” Col. Res. Appl. 31, 315-319 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Martinez-Uriegas, Spatial and Temporal Problems of Colorimetry (CIE, Vienna, Switzerland, 2006), Chapter 3.

2004 (2)

S. Pardhan, “Contrast sensitivity loss with aging: sampling efficiency and equivalent noise at different spatial frequencies,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 169-175 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Q. Sun and M. D. Fairchild, “Image quality analysis for visible spectral imaging systems,” J. Img. Sci. Tech. 48, 211-221 (2004).

2002 (2)

G. Yoon and D. R. Williams, “Visual performance after correcting the monochromatic and chromatic aberrations of the eye,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 266-275 (2002).
[CrossRef]

ITU-R Rec. BT. 500-10, Methodology for the subjective assessment of the quality of television pictures, Geneva, Switzerland (2002).

2001 (2)

E. Peli, “Contrast sensitivity function and image discrimination,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 283-293 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Luo, G. Cui, and B. Rigg, “The development of the CIE 2000 colour-difference formula: CIEDE 2000,” Col. Res. Appl. 26, 340-350 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

A. B. Watson, “Visual detection of spatial contrast patterns:evaluation of five simple models,” Opt. Exp. 6, 12-33 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

P. G. J. Barten, Contrast Sensitivity of the Human Eye and Its Effects on Image Quality (SPIE Press, Bellingham, WA, USA, 1999).

S. Palmer, Vision Science: Photons to Phenomenology (MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, USA, 1999).

M. J. Cox, J. H. Norma, and P. Norman, “The effect of surround luminance on measurements of contrast snesitivity,” Ophthal. Physiol. Opt. 19, 401-414 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

E. Peli, “Test of a model of foveal vision by using simulations,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 13, 1131-1138 (1996).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Zhang and B. A. Wandell, “A spatial extension to CIELAB for digital color image reproduction,” SID Digest 27, 731-734 (1996).

1995 (4)

M. D. Fairchild and L. Reniff, “Time-course of chromatic adaptation for color-appearance judgements,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 824-833 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. Westheimer and J. Liang, “Influence of ocular light scatter on the eye’s optical performance,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 1417-1424 (1995).
[CrossRef]

E. Martinez-Uriegas, J. O. Larimer, J. Lubin, and J. Gille, “Evaluation of image compression artefacts with ViDEOS, a CAD system for LCD color display design and testing,” Proc. SPIE 2411, 74-82 (1995).
[CrossRef]

B. A. Wandell, Foundations of Vision (Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA, USA, 1995).

1994 (1)

D. M. Dacey and B. B. Lee, “The blue-on opponent pathway in the primate retina originates from a distinct bistratified ganglion cell,” Nature 367, 731-735 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (5)

S. Daly, “The visible differences predictor: an algorithm for the assessment of image fidelity,” in Digital Images and Human Vision, A. B. Watson, ed. (MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, USA, 1993).

K. B. Burton, C. Owsley, and M. E. Sloane, “Aging and neural spatial contrast sensitivity: photopic vision,” Vision Res. 33, 939-946 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Rohaly and C. Owsley, “Modeling the contrastsensitivity functions of older adults,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 1591-1599 (1993).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Arend and B. Spehar, “Lightness, brightness and brightness contrast: I. Illumination variation,” Percept. Psychophys. 54, 446-456 (1993).

L. E. Arend and B. Spehar, “Lightness, brightness and brightness contrast: II. Reflectance variation,” Percept. Psychophys. 54, 457-468 (1993).

1992 (1)

D. M. Snodderly, R. S. Weinhaus, and J. C. Choi, “Neuralvascular relationships in central retina of macaque monkeys (Macaca fascicularis),” J. Neurosci. 12, 1169-1193 (1992).

1991 (1)

P. G. J. Barten, “Resolution of liquid-crystal displays,” SID Digest 22, 772-775 (1991).

1990 (1)

1989 (1)

1988 (2)

1987 (1)

1983 (3)

C. Owsley, R. Sekuler, and D. Siemsen, “Contrast sensitivity throughout adulthood,” Vision Res. 23, 689-699 (1983).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Wright and A. Johnston, “Spatiotemporal contrast sensitivity and visual field locus,” Vision Res. 23, 983-989 (1983).
[CrossRef]

W. A. Stiehl, J. J. McCann, and R. L. Savoy, “Influence of intraocular scattered light on lightness-scaling experiments,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 73, 1143-1148 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

N. Graham, “Spatial-frequency channels in human vision: detecting edges without edge-detectors,” in Visual Coding and Adaptability, C. S. Harris, ed. (Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ, USA, 1980).

1979 (1)

1978 (2)

J. Rovamo, V. Virsu, and R. Nasanen, “Cortical magnification factor predicts the photopic contrast sensitivity of peripheral vision,” Nature 271, 54-56 (1978).
[CrossRef]

O. Braddick, F. W. Campbell, and J. Atkinson, “Channels in vision: basic aspects,” in Handbook of Sensory Physiology, R. Held, H. W. Leibowitz, and H.-L. Teuber, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, USA, 1978), vol. 8.

1974 (1)

R. L. de Valois, H. Morgan, and D. M. Snodderly, “Psychophysicalstudies of monkey vision – III. Spatial luminance contrast sensitivity tests of macaque and human observers,” Vision Res. 14, 75-81 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

F. W. Campbell and J. G. Robson, “Application of Fourier analysis to the visibility of gratings,” J. Physiol. 197, 551-566 (1968).

1967 (1)

1966 (2)

C. Enroth-Cugell and J. G. Robson, “The contrast sensitivity of retinal ganglion cells of the cat,” J. Physiol. 187, 517-552 (1966).

A. S. Patel, “Spatial resolution by the human visual system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 56, 689-694 (1966).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

F. W. Campbell and D. G. Green, “Optical and retinal factors affecting visual resolution,” J. Physiol. 181, 576-593 (1965).

1961 (1)

D. Jameson and L. M. Hurvich, “Complexities of perceived brightness,” Science 133, 174-179 (1961).
[CrossRef]

1959 (1)

1956 (1)

1955 (1)

E. G. Heinemann, “Simultaneous brightness induction as a function of inducing and test-field luminances,” J. Exptl. Psychol. 50, 89-96 (1955).
[CrossRef]

1954 (1)

R. S. Woodworth and H. Schlosberg, Experimental Psychology (Holt, New York, USA, 1954).

1948 (1)

H. Wallach, “Brightness constancy and the nature of achromatic colors,” J. Exptl. Psychol. 38, 310-324 (1948).
[CrossRef]

Col. Res. Appl. (3)

S. Westland, H. Owens, V. Cheung, and I. Paterson-Stephens, “Model of luminance contrast-sensitivity function for application to image assessment,” Col. Res. Appl. 31, 315-319 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Luo, G. Cui, and C. Li, “Uniform colour spaces based on CIECAM02 colour appearance model,” Col. Res. Appl. 31, 320-330 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. R. Luo, G. Cui, and B. Rigg, “The development of the CIE 2000 colour-difference formula: CIEDE 2000,” Col. Res. Appl. 26, 340-350 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Electron. Img. (1)

Y. J. Kim, Y. Bang, and H. Choh, “Gradient approach to quantify the gradation smoothness for output media,” J. Electron. Img. 19, 011012 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Exptl. Psychol. (2)

H. Wallach, “Brightness constancy and the nature of achromatic colors,” J. Exptl. Psychol. 38, 310-324 (1948).
[CrossRef]

E. G. Heinemann, “Simultaneous brightness induction as a function of inducing and test-field luminances,” J. Exptl. Psychol. 50, 89-96 (1955).
[CrossRef]

J. Img. Sci. Tech. (2)

Y. J. Kim, Y. Bang, and H. Choh, “Measurement and modelling of vividness perception and observer preference for color laser printer quality,” J. Img. Sci. Tech. 54, 010501 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Q. Sun and M. D. Fairchild, “Image quality analysis for visible spectral imaging systems,” J. Img. Sci. Tech. 48, 211-221 (2004).

J. Neurosci. (1)

D. M. Snodderly, R. S. Weinhaus, and J. C. Choi, “Neuralvascular relationships in central retina of macaque monkeys (Macaca fascicularis),” J. Neurosci. 12, 1169-1193 (1992).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (6)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (14)

G. Westheimer and J. Liang, “Influence of ocular light scatter on the eye’s optical performance,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 1417-1424 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Barten, “Evaluation of subjective image quality with the square-root integral method,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 2024-2031 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Fairchild and L. Reniff, “Time-course of chromatic adaptation for color-appearance judgements,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 824-833 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Rohaly and G. Buchsbaum, “Global spatiochromatic mechanism accounting for luminance variations in contrast sensitivity functions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 6, 312-317 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Rudd and D. Popa, “Stevens’s brightness law, contrast gain control, and edge integration in achromatic color perception: a unified model,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 24, 2766-2782 (2007).
[CrossRef]

U. Tulunay-Keesey, J. N. V. Hoever, and C. Terkla-McGrane, “Threshold and suprathreshold spatiotemporal response throughout adulthood,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5, 2191-2200 (1988).
[CrossRef]

K. E. Higgins, M. J. Jaffe, R. C. Caruso, and F. DeMonasterio, “Spatial contrast sensitivity: effects of age, test-retest, and psychophysical method,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5, 2173-2180 (1988).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Rohaly and C. Owsley, “Modeling the contrastsensitivity functions of older adults,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 1591-1599 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. Pardhan, “Contrast sensitivity loss with aging: sampling efficiency and equivalent noise at different spatial frequencies,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 21, 169-175 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Johnston, “Spatial scaling of central and peripheral contrast-sensitivity functions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 1583-1593 (1987).
[CrossRef]

E. Peli, “Test of a model of foveal vision by using simulations,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 13, 1131-1138 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. Peli, “Contrast sensitivity function and image discrimination,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 283-293 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Yoon and D. R. Williams, “Visual performance after correcting the monochromatic and chromatic aberrations of the eye,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 266-275 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Kim, M. R. Luo, W. Choe, H. S. Kim, S. O. Park, Y. Baek, P. Rhodes, S. Lee, and C. Kim, “Factors affecting the psychophysical image quality evaluation of mobile phone display: the case of transmissive LCD,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 25, 2215-2222 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Physiol. (3)

F. W. Campbell and J. G. Robson, “Application of Fourier analysis to the visibility of gratings,” J. Physiol. 197, 551-566 (1968).

C. Enroth-Cugell and J. G. Robson, “The contrast sensitivity of retinal ganglion cells of the cat,” J. Physiol. 187, 517-552 (1966).

F. W. Campbell and D. G. Green, “Optical and retinal factors affecting visual resolution,” J. Physiol. 181, 576-593 (1965).

J. Soc. Inf. Dis. (2)

Y. J. Kim, M. R. Luo, P. Rhodes, S. Westland, W. Choe, S. Lee, S. Lee, Y. Kwak, D. Park, and C. Kim, “Imagecolour quality modelling under various surround conditions for a 2-inch mobile transmissive LCD,” J. Soc. Inf. Dis. 15, 691-698 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Fairchild and G. M. Johnson, “Measurement and modeling of adaptation to noise in image,” J. Soc. Inf. Dis. 15, 639-647 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Vision (1)

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