Abstract

We design and fabricate a widely tunable laser diode made of InGaAsP-InP. The diode is monolithically integrated with a wavelength-selective coupled-ring reflector and semiconductor amplifiers. For realization of a compact size device, deeply etched multi-mode interference couplers and square ring resonators composed of total-internal-reflection mirrors are adopted and fabricated using a self-aligned process. It is demonstrated that the laser diode exhibits single mode operation and 16 nm tuning range with side-mode-suppression-ratio exceeding 20 dB.

© 2010 Optical Society of Korea

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  1. L. A. Coldren, “Monolithic tunable diode lasers,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 5, 988-999 (2000).
  2. D. A. Cohen, E. J. Skogen, H. Marchand, and L. A. Coldren, “Monolithic chemical sensor using heterodyned sampled grating DBR lasers,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1358-1360 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. S. Wang, D. A. Cohen, J. A. Nolde, D. D. Lofgreen, and L. A. Coldren, “A monolithic diode laser chemical sensor with a quasi-symmetrical sensing waveguide for improved sensitivity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 320-322 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. U. H. P. Haberland, V. Blazek, and H. J. Schmitt, “Chirp optical coherence tomography of layered scattering media,” J. Biomedical Opt. 3, 259-266 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J.-N. Yim, G.-S. Hwang, J.-S. Lee, K.-H. Seo, H.-J. Lee, and J.-S. Ko, “Ultra-dense WDM PON with 12.5-GHz spaced 256 channels,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 12, 351-354 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. G. Rabus, Z. Bian, and A. Shakouri, “A GaInAsP-InP double-ring resonator coupled laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1770-1772 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Kapsalis, I. Stamataki, S. Mikroulis, D. Syvridis, and M. Hmacher, “Widely tunable all-active microring lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2641-2643 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Segawa, S. Matsuo, T. Kakisuka, T. Sato, T. Kondo, and H. Suzuki, “Full C-band tuning operation of semiconductor double-ring resonator-coupled laser with low tuning current,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1322-1324 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Chung, D. G. Kim, and N. Dagli, “Reflection properties of coupled ring reflector,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1865-1874 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. B. Mason, G. A. Fish, S. P. DenBarrs, and L. A. Coldren, “Ridge waveguide sampled grating DBR lasers with 22-nm quasi-continuous tuning range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1211-1213 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. G. Kim, C. Ozturk, J. H. Shin, J. C. Yi, and N. Dagli, “Self-aligned total internal reflection mirrors with very low loss,” in Proc. Integrated Photonics Research Conference (San Francisco, USA, July 2004), paper 1ThG5.
  12. D. G. Kim, J. H. Shin, C. Ozturk, J. C. Yi, Y. Chung, and N. Dagli, “Rectangular ring lasers based on total reflection mirrors and three waveguide couplers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 306-308 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Y. Chung, D. G. Kim, and N. Dagli, “Widely tunable coupled-ring reflector laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1773-1775 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. Kim, P. Yoon, and Y. Chung, “Time-domain analysis of tunability and modulation characteristics in coupled-ring reflector laser diode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 3479-3482 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (2)

J.-N. Yim, G.-S. Hwang, J.-S. Lee, K.-H. Seo, H.-J. Lee, and J.-S. Ko, “Ultra-dense WDM PON with 12.5-GHz spaced 256 channels,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea 12, 351-354 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Kim, P. Yoon, and Y. Chung, “Time-domain analysis of tunability and modulation characteristics in coupled-ring reflector laser diode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 3479-3482 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

D. G. Kim, J. H. Shin, C. Ozturk, J. C. Yi, Y. Chung, and N. Dagli, “Rectangular ring lasers based on total reflection mirrors and three waveguide couplers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 306-308 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Segawa, S. Matsuo, T. Kakisuka, T. Sato, T. Kondo, and H. Suzuki, “Full C-band tuning operation of semiconductor double-ring resonator-coupled laser with low tuning current,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1322-1324 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

Y. Chung, D. G. Kim, and N. Dagli, “Reflection properties of coupled ring reflector,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1865-1874 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Kapsalis, I. Stamataki, S. Mikroulis, D. Syvridis, and M. Hmacher, “Widely tunable all-active microring lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2641-2643 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

Y. Chung, D. G. Kim, and N. Dagli, “Widely tunable coupled-ring reflector laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1773-1775 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Rabus, Z. Bian, and A. Shakouri, “A GaInAsP-InP double-ring resonator coupled laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1770-1772 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

C. S. Wang, D. A. Cohen, J. A. Nolde, D. D. Lofgreen, and L. A. Coldren, “A monolithic diode laser chemical sensor with a quasi-symmetrical sensing waveguide for improved sensitivity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 320-322 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Kim, C. Ozturk, J. H. Shin, J. C. Yi, and N. Dagli, “Self-aligned total internal reflection mirrors with very low loss,” in Proc. Integrated Photonics Research Conference (San Francisco, USA, July 2004), paper 1ThG5.

2001 (1)

D. A. Cohen, E. J. Skogen, H. Marchand, and L. A. Coldren, “Monolithic chemical sensor using heterodyned sampled grating DBR lasers,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1358-1360 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

L. A. Coldren, “Monolithic tunable diode lasers,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 5, 988-999 (2000).

1998 (2)

U. H. P. Haberland, V. Blazek, and H. J. Schmitt, “Chirp optical coherence tomography of layered scattering media,” J. Biomedical Opt. 3, 259-266 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. Mason, G. A. Fish, S. P. DenBarrs, and L. A. Coldren, “Ridge waveguide sampled grating DBR lasers with 22-nm quasi-continuous tuning range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1211-1213 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. S. Wang, D. A. Cohen, J. A. Nolde, D. D. Lofgreen, and L. A. Coldren, “A monolithic diode laser chemical sensor with a quasi-symmetrical sensing waveguide for improved sensitivity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 320-322 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

D. A. Cohen, E. J. Skogen, H. Marchand, and L. A. Coldren, “Monolithic chemical sensor using heterodyned sampled grating DBR lasers,” Electron. Lett. 37, 1358-1360 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Y. Chung, D. G. Kim, and N. Dagli, “Reflection properties of coupled ring reflector,” IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1865-1874 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

L. A. Coldren, “Monolithic tunable diode lasers,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 5, 988-999 (2000).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (6)

B. Mason, G. A. Fish, S. P. DenBarrs, and L. A. Coldren, “Ridge waveguide sampled grating DBR lasers with 22-nm quasi-continuous tuning range,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1211-1213 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Rabus, Z. Bian, and A. Shakouri, “A GaInAsP-InP double-ring resonator coupled laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1770-1772 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Kapsalis, I. Stamataki, S. Mikroulis, D. Syvridis, and M. Hmacher, “Widely tunable all-active microring lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2641-2643 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Segawa, S. Matsuo, T. Kakisuka, T. Sato, T. Kondo, and H. Suzuki, “Full C-band tuning operation of semiconductor double-ring resonator-coupled laser with low tuning current,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1322-1324 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Kim, J. H. Shin, C. Ozturk, J. C. Yi, Y. Chung, and N. Dagli, “Rectangular ring lasers based on total reflection mirrors and three waveguide couplers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 306-308 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chung, D. G. Kim, and N. Dagli, “Widely tunable coupled-ring reflector laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1773-1775 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Biomedical Opt. (1)

U. H. P. Haberland, V. Blazek, and H. J. Schmitt, “Chirp optical coherence tomography of layered scattering media,” J. Biomedical Opt. 3, 259-266 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Korea (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Kim, P. Yoon, and Y. Chung, “Time-domain analysis of tunability and modulation characteristics in coupled-ring reflector laser diode,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 3479-3482 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Integrated Photonics Research Conference (1)

D. G. Kim, C. Ozturk, J. H. Shin, J. C. Yi, and N. Dagli, “Self-aligned total internal reflection mirrors with very low loss,” in Proc. Integrated Photonics Research Conference (San Francisco, USA, July 2004), paper 1ThG5.

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