Abstract

The vergence control of binocular stereoscopic camera is the most essential factor for acquiring high quality stereoscopic images. In this paper, we proposed a binocular stereoscopic camera vergence control method using disparity information by the simple image processing and estimate the quantity of vergence control using the Lagrange interpolation equation. The method of extracting disparity information through image processing is as follows: first the key-object in left & right images was extracted through labeling of the central area of the image, and then a simple method was used for calculating the disparity value of the same key-object in the labeled left and right images. The vergence control method uses disparity information and keeps the convergence distance of left & right cameras and the distance of the key-object the same. According to the proposed method, variance in the distance of the key-object and application of calculated disparity information of obtained left & right images to the quadratic Lagrange interpolation equation could estimate the quantity of vergence control, which confirmed that the method of stereoscopic camera vergence control can be simplified through experiments on various key-objects and other convergence distance.

© 2009 Optical Society of Korea

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  1. K. C. Kwon, J. K. Choi, and N. Kim, "Automatic control of horizontal-moving stereoscopic camera by disparity compensation," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 6, 150-155 (2002)
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. A. Dumbreck, E. Abel, and S. P. Murphy, "3-D TV system for remote handling: development and evaluation," Proc. SPIE 1256, 226-236 (1990)
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Y. Park, Y. B. Lee, and S. I. Chien, "Linear relation for vergence control of parallel stereo camera," Electron. Lett. 34, 254-256 (1998)
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. A. Dodgson, "Resampling radially captured images for perspectively correct stereoscopic display," Proc. SPIE 3295, 100-110 (1998)
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Yamanoue, M. Okui, and I. Yuyama, "A study on the relationship between shooting conditions and cardboard effect of stereoscopic images," IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology 10, 411-416 (2000)
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. C. Wei, D. H. Shin, and B. G. Lee, "Resolutionenhanced reconstruction of 3D object using depth-reversed elemental images for partially occluded object recognition," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 13, 139-145 (2009)
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. S. Kim, G. Baasantseren, N. Kim, and J. H. Park, "Hologram generation of 3D objects using multiple orthographic view images," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 12, 269-274 (2008)
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Wood, T. Docherty, and R. Koch, "Image distortions in stereoscopic video systems," Proc. SPIE 1915, 36-48 (1993)
    [CrossRef]
  9. E. Krotkov. K. Henriksen, and R. Kories, "Stereo ranging with verging cameras," IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 12, 1200-1205 (1990)
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Tanaka and N. Maru, "Binocular gaze holding of a moving object with the active stereo vision system," in Proc. IEEE Workshop on Applications. Computer Vision (Sarasota, USA, Dec. 1994), pp. 250-255
  11. H. Hirschmuller, "Improvements in real-time correlation based stereo vision," in Proc. IEEE Workshop on SMBV2001 (Kauai, USA, Dec. 2001), pp. 141-148
  12. D. J. Coombs and C. M. Brown, "Cooperative gazem holding in binocular vision," IEEE Control Systems 11, 24-33 (1991)
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. J. Coombs and C. M. Brown, "Real time smooth pursuit tracking for a moving binocular robot," in Proc. Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (Champaign, USA, Jun. 1992), pp. 23-28
  14. J. R. Taylor, T. Olson, and W. N. Martin, "Accurate vergence control in complex scenes," in Proc. Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (Seattle, USA, Jun. 1994), pp. 540-545
  15. S. M. Ross, Introduction to Probability and Statistics for Engineers and Scientists (Elsevier Academic Press, Oxford, UK, 2000), Chapter 2
  16. E. Kreysizig, Advanced Engineering Mathematics, 8th ed. (John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, USA, 1999), Chapter 17

2009 (1)

T. C. Wei, D. H. Shin, and B. G. Lee, "Resolutionenhanced reconstruction of 3D object using depth-reversed elemental images for partially occluded object recognition," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 13, 139-145 (2009)
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

M. S. Kim, G. Baasantseren, N. Kim, and J. H. Park, "Hologram generation of 3D objects using multiple orthographic view images," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 12, 269-274 (2008)
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

K. C. Kwon, J. K. Choi, and N. Kim, "Automatic control of horizontal-moving stereoscopic camera by disparity compensation," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 6, 150-155 (2002)
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

H. Hirschmuller, "Improvements in real-time correlation based stereo vision," in Proc. IEEE Workshop on SMBV2001 (Kauai, USA, Dec. 2001), pp. 141-148

2000 (2)

H. Yamanoue, M. Okui, and I. Yuyama, "A study on the relationship between shooting conditions and cardboard effect of stereoscopic images," IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology 10, 411-416 (2000)
[CrossRef]

S. M. Ross, Introduction to Probability and Statistics for Engineers and Scientists (Elsevier Academic Press, Oxford, UK, 2000), Chapter 2

1999 (1)

E. Kreysizig, Advanced Engineering Mathematics, 8th ed. (John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, USA, 1999), Chapter 17

1998 (2)

S. Y. Park, Y. B. Lee, and S. I. Chien, "Linear relation for vergence control of parallel stereo camera," Electron. Lett. 34, 254-256 (1998)
[CrossRef]

N. A. Dodgson, "Resampling radially captured images for perspectively correct stereoscopic display," Proc. SPIE 3295, 100-110 (1998)
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

J. R. Taylor, T. Olson, and W. N. Martin, "Accurate vergence control in complex scenes," in Proc. Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (Seattle, USA, Jun. 1994), pp. 540-545

M. Tanaka and N. Maru, "Binocular gaze holding of a moving object with the active stereo vision system," in Proc. IEEE Workshop on Applications. Computer Vision (Sarasota, USA, Dec. 1994), pp. 250-255

1993 (1)

A. Wood, T. Docherty, and R. Koch, "Image distortions in stereoscopic video systems," Proc. SPIE 1915, 36-48 (1993)
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

D. J. Coombs and C. M. Brown, "Real time smooth pursuit tracking for a moving binocular robot," in Proc. Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (Champaign, USA, Jun. 1992), pp. 23-28

1991 (1)

D. J. Coombs and C. M. Brown, "Cooperative gazem holding in binocular vision," IEEE Control Systems 11, 24-33 (1991)
[CrossRef]

1990 (2)

E. Krotkov. K. Henriksen, and R. Kories, "Stereo ranging with verging cameras," IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 12, 1200-1205 (1990)
[CrossRef]

A. A. Dumbreck, E. Abel, and S. P. Murphy, "3-D TV system for remote handling: development and evaluation," Proc. SPIE 1256, 226-236 (1990)
[CrossRef]

Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, IEEE Transactions on (1)

H. Yamanoue, M. Okui, and I. Yuyama, "A study on the relationship between shooting conditions and cardboard effect of stereoscopic images," IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology 10, 411-416 (2000)
[CrossRef]

Control Systems Magazine, IEEE (1)

D. J. Coombs and C. M. Brown, "Cooperative gazem holding in binocular vision," IEEE Control Systems 11, 24-33 (1991)
[CrossRef]

Electronics Letters (1)

S. Y. Park, Y. B. Lee, and S. I. Chien, "Linear relation for vergence control of parallel stereo camera," Electron. Lett. 34, 254-256 (1998)
[CrossRef]

IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence (1)

E. Krotkov. K. Henriksen, and R. Kories, "Stereo ranging with verging cameras," IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 12, 1200-1205 (1990)
[CrossRef]

Journal of the Optical Society of Korea (3)

K. C. Kwon, J. K. Choi, and N. Kim, "Automatic control of horizontal-moving stereoscopic camera by disparity compensation," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 6, 150-155 (2002)
[CrossRef]

T. C. Wei, D. H. Shin, and B. G. Lee, "Resolutionenhanced reconstruction of 3D object using depth-reversed elemental images for partially occluded object recognition," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 13, 139-145 (2009)
[CrossRef]

M. S. Kim, G. Baasantseren, N. Kim, and J. H. Park, "Hologram generation of 3D objects using multiple orthographic view images," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 12, 269-274 (2008)
[CrossRef]

Proc. Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (2)

D. J. Coombs and C. M. Brown, "Real time smooth pursuit tracking for a moving binocular robot," in Proc. Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (Champaign, USA, Jun. 1992), pp. 23-28

J. R. Taylor, T. Olson, and W. N. Martin, "Accurate vergence control in complex scenes," in Proc. Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (Seattle, USA, Jun. 1994), pp. 540-545

Proc. IEEE Workshop on Applications. Computer Vision (1)

M. Tanaka and N. Maru, "Binocular gaze holding of a moving object with the active stereo vision system," in Proc. IEEE Workshop on Applications. Computer Vision (Sarasota, USA, Dec. 1994), pp. 250-255

Proc. IEEE Workshop on SMBV2001 (1)

H. Hirschmuller, "Improvements in real-time correlation based stereo vision," in Proc. IEEE Workshop on SMBV2001 (Kauai, USA, Dec. 2001), pp. 141-148

Proc. SPIE (3)

A. Wood, T. Docherty, and R. Koch, "Image distortions in stereoscopic video systems," Proc. SPIE 1915, 36-48 (1993)
[CrossRef]

A. A. Dumbreck, E. Abel, and S. P. Murphy, "3-D TV system for remote handling: development and evaluation," Proc. SPIE 1256, 226-236 (1990)
[CrossRef]

N. A. Dodgson, "Resampling radially captured images for perspectively correct stereoscopic display," Proc. SPIE 3295, 100-110 (1998)
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

S. M. Ross, Introduction to Probability and Statistics for Engineers and Scientists (Elsevier Academic Press, Oxford, UK, 2000), Chapter 2

E. Kreysizig, Advanced Engineering Mathematics, 8th ed. (John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, USA, 1999), Chapter 17

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