Abstract

Prediction of glucose concentration in the interstitial fluid (ISF) based on mid-infrared absorption spectroscopy was examined at the glucose fundamental absorption band of 1000 - 1500/cm (10 - 6.67 um) using multi-component analysis. Simulated ISF samples were prepared by including four major ISF components. Sodium lactate had absorption spectra that interfere with those of glucose. The rest NaCl, KCl and <TEX>$CaCl_2$</TEX> did not have any signatures. A preliminary experiment based on Design of Experiment, an optimization method, proved that sodium lactate influenced the prediction accuracy of glucose. For the main experiment, 54 samples were prepared whose glucose and sodium lactate concentration varied independently. A partial least squares regression (PLSR) analysis was used to build calibration models. The prediction accuracy was dependent on spectrum preprocessing methods, and Mean Centering produced the best results. Depending on calibration sample sets whose sodium lactate had different concentration levels, the standard error prediction (SEP) of glucose ranged <TEX>$17.19{\sim}21.02\;mg/dl$</TEX>.

© 2009 Optical Society of Korea

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  1. N. H. Jo, "Prevalence of diabetes and management status in Korean population," The Korea Journal of Internal Medicine 68, 10-17 (2005)
  2. R. McNichols and G. L. Cote, "Optical glucose sensing in biological fluids : an overview," J. Biomedical Optics 5, 5-16 (2000)
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. H. Kim, D. S. Choi, and D. Kim, "Single detection of fluorescence resonance energy transfer using confocal microscopy," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 12, 107-111 (2008)
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. C. Byeon, M.-K. Oh, H. Kang, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, "Coherent absorption spectroscopy with supercontinuun for semiconductor quantum well structure," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 11, 138-141 (2007)
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Sieg, R. H. Guy, and M. B. Delgado-Charro, "Simultaneous extraction of urea and glucose by reverse iontophoresis in vivo," Pharmaceutical Research 10, 1805-1810 (2004)
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Mitragotri, M. Coleman, J. Kost, and R. Langer, "Transdermal extraction of analytes using low-frequency ultrasound," Pharmaceutical Research 4, 466-470 (2000)
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. K. Seong, Physiology (Medical culture co., Seoul, Korea, 1991), pp. 268-275
  8. N. Fogh-Andersen, B. M. Altura, B. T. Altura, and O. Siggaard-Andersen, "Composition of interstitial fluid," Clinical Chemistry 41, 1522-1525 (1995)
  9. J. P. Bantle and W. Thomas, "Glucose measurement in patients with diabetes mellitus with dermal interstitial fluid," J. Lab. Clin. Med. 130, 436-441 (1997)
    [CrossRef]
  10. A, Sieg, R. H. Guy, and M. B. Delgado-Charro, "Noninvasive and minimally invasive methods for transdermal glucose monitoring," Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics 7, 174-197 (2005)
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Chung, M. A. Arnold, M. Rhiel, and D. W. Murhammer, "Simultaneous measurements of glucose, glutamine, ammonia, lactate, and glutamate in aqueous solutions by near-infrared spectroscopy," Applied Spectroscopy 50, 270-276 (1996)
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. J. Jeon, I. D. Hwang, S. Hahn, and G. Yoon, "Comparison between transmittance and reflectance measurements in glucose determination using near infrared spectroscopy," Journal of Biomedical Optics 11, 014022-1~014022-7 (2006)
    [CrossRef]
  13. http://drugs-about.com/drugs/compound-sodium-lactate/compound-sodium-lactate.pdf
  14. S. H. Park, Modern Design of Experiments (Minyongsa, Korea, 1995), pp. 452-453
  15. D. Lafrance, L. C. Lands, and D. H. Burns, "Measurement of lactate in whole human blood with near-infrared transmission spectroscopy," Talanta 60, 635-641 (2003)
    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

S. H. Kim, D. S. Choi, and D. Kim, "Single detection of fluorescence resonance energy transfer using confocal microscopy," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 12, 107-111 (2008)
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

C. C. Byeon, M.-K. Oh, H. Kang, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, "Coherent absorption spectroscopy with supercontinuun for semiconductor quantum well structure," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 11, 138-141 (2007)
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

K. J. Jeon, I. D. Hwang, S. Hahn, and G. Yoon, "Comparison between transmittance and reflectance measurements in glucose determination using near infrared spectroscopy," Journal of Biomedical Optics 11, 014022-1~014022-7 (2006)
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

A, Sieg, R. H. Guy, and M. B. Delgado-Charro, "Noninvasive and minimally invasive methods for transdermal glucose monitoring," Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics 7, 174-197 (2005)
[CrossRef]

N. H. Jo, "Prevalence of diabetes and management status in Korean population," The Korea Journal of Internal Medicine 68, 10-17 (2005)

2004 (1)

A. Sieg, R. H. Guy, and M. B. Delgado-Charro, "Simultaneous extraction of urea and glucose by reverse iontophoresis in vivo," Pharmaceutical Research 10, 1805-1810 (2004)
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

D. Lafrance, L. C. Lands, and D. H. Burns, "Measurement of lactate in whole human blood with near-infrared transmission spectroscopy," Talanta 60, 635-641 (2003)
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

S. Mitragotri, M. Coleman, J. Kost, and R. Langer, "Transdermal extraction of analytes using low-frequency ultrasound," Pharmaceutical Research 4, 466-470 (2000)
[CrossRef]

R. McNichols and G. L. Cote, "Optical glucose sensing in biological fluids : an overview," J. Biomedical Optics 5, 5-16 (2000)
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

J. P. Bantle and W. Thomas, "Glucose measurement in patients with diabetes mellitus with dermal interstitial fluid," J. Lab. Clin. Med. 130, 436-441 (1997)
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

H. Chung, M. A. Arnold, M. Rhiel, and D. W. Murhammer, "Simultaneous measurements of glucose, glutamine, ammonia, lactate, and glutamate in aqueous solutions by near-infrared spectroscopy," Applied Spectroscopy 50, 270-276 (1996)
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

S. H. Park, Modern Design of Experiments (Minyongsa, Korea, 1995), pp. 452-453

N. Fogh-Andersen, B. M. Altura, B. T. Altura, and O. Siggaard-Andersen, "Composition of interstitial fluid," Clinical Chemistry 41, 1522-1525 (1995)

1991 (1)

H. K. Seong, Physiology (Medical culture co., Seoul, Korea, 1991), pp. 268-275

Applied Spectroscopy (1)

H. Chung, M. A. Arnold, M. Rhiel, and D. W. Murhammer, "Simultaneous measurements of glucose, glutamine, ammonia, lactate, and glutamate in aqueous solutions by near-infrared spectroscopy," Applied Spectroscopy 50, 270-276 (1996)
[CrossRef]

Clinical Chemistry (1)

N. Fogh-Andersen, B. M. Altura, B. T. Altura, and O. Siggaard-Andersen, "Composition of interstitial fluid," Clinical Chemistry 41, 1522-1525 (1995)

Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics (1)

A, Sieg, R. H. Guy, and M. B. Delgado-Charro, "Noninvasive and minimally invasive methods for transdermal glucose monitoring," Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics 7, 174-197 (2005)
[CrossRef]

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

K. J. Jeon, I. D. Hwang, S. Hahn, and G. Yoon, "Comparison between transmittance and reflectance measurements in glucose determination using near infrared spectroscopy," Journal of Biomedical Optics 11, 014022-1~014022-7 (2006)
[CrossRef]

J. Biomedical Optics (1)

R. McNichols and G. L. Cote, "Optical glucose sensing in biological fluids : an overview," J. Biomedical Optics 5, 5-16 (2000)
[CrossRef]

Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine (1)

J. P. Bantle and W. Thomas, "Glucose measurement in patients with diabetes mellitus with dermal interstitial fluid," J. Lab. Clin. Med. 130, 436-441 (1997)
[CrossRef]

Journal of the Optical Society of Korea (2)

S. H. Kim, D. S. Choi, and D. Kim, "Single detection of fluorescence resonance energy transfer using confocal microscopy," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 12, 107-111 (2008)
[CrossRef]

C. C. Byeon, M.-K. Oh, H. Kang, D.-K. Ko, and J. Lee, "Coherent absorption spectroscopy with supercontinuun for semiconductor quantum well structure," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 11, 138-141 (2007)
[CrossRef]

Pharmaceutical Research (2)

A. Sieg, R. H. Guy, and M. B. Delgado-Charro, "Simultaneous extraction of urea and glucose by reverse iontophoresis in vivo," Pharmaceutical Research 10, 1805-1810 (2004)
[CrossRef]

S. Mitragotri, M. Coleman, J. Kost, and R. Langer, "Transdermal extraction of analytes using low-frequency ultrasound," Pharmaceutical Research 4, 466-470 (2000)
[CrossRef]

Talanta (1)

D. Lafrance, L. C. Lands, and D. H. Burns, "Measurement of lactate in whole human blood with near-infrared transmission spectroscopy," Talanta 60, 635-641 (2003)
[CrossRef]

The Korea Journal of Internal Medicine (1)

N. H. Jo, "Prevalence of diabetes and management status in Korean population," The Korea Journal of Internal Medicine 68, 10-17 (2005)

Other (3)

H. K. Seong, Physiology (Medical culture co., Seoul, Korea, 1991), pp. 268-275

http://drugs-about.com/drugs/compound-sodium-lactate/compound-sodium-lactate.pdf

S. H. Park, Modern Design of Experiments (Minyongsa, Korea, 1995), pp. 452-453

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