Abstract

The aim of this study is to evaluate wavelength dependence for laser-assisted lipolysis using a mathematical simulation. In this study, a Monte Carlo simulation was performed to simulate light transport in fat and dermal tissue with 3 different laser wavelengths (<TEX>${\lambda}\;=\;1064\;nm$</TEX>, 1320 nm, and 1444 nm) that are currently used in clinic settings for laser-assisted lipolysis. The relative rates of heat generation versus penetration depth showed that the greatest amount of heat generation was seen in the tissues at <TEX>${\lambda}\;=\;1444\;nm$</TEX>. This Monte Carlo simulation may help lend insight into the thermal events occurring inside the fat and dermal tissue during laser-assisted lipolysis.

© 2009 Optical Society of Korea

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  1. D. B. Apfelberg, S. Rosenthal, J. P. Hunstad, B. Achauer, and P. B. Fodor, "Progress report on multicenter study of laser-assisted liposuction," Aesthetic Plast. Surg. 18, 259-264 (1994)
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. B. Apfelberg, "Results of multicenter study of laserassisted liposuction," Clin. Plast. Surg. 23, 713-719 (1996)
  3. R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. F. Dylla, "Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: a free electron laser study," Lasers Surg. Med. 38, 913-919 (2006)
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. G. Khoury, R. Saluja, D. Keel, S. Detwiler, and M. P. Goldman, "Histologic evaluation of interstitial lipolysis comparing a 1064, 1320 and 2100nm laser in an ex vivo model," Lasers Surg. Med. 40, 402-406 (2008)
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. I. Youn, "Evaluation of morphological changes in degenerative cartilage using 3-D optical coherence tomography," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 12, 98-102 (2008)
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. J. Welch and M. J. C. van Gemert, Optical-thermal Response of Laser-irradiated Tissue (Plenum Press, New York, NY, USA, 1995)
  7. L. Wang, S. L. Jacques, and L. Zheng, "Monte Carlo modeling of light transport in multi-layered tissues," Computer Methods and Prog. Biomed. 47, 131-146 (1995)
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. A. Prahl, M. Keijzer, S. L. Jacques, and A. J. Welch, "A Monte Carlo model of light propagation in tissue," Proc. SPIE Institute Series IS 5, 102-111 (1989)
  9. A. N. Bashkatov, E. A. Genina, V. I. Kochubey, and V. V. Tuchin, "Optical properties of the subcutaneous adipose tissue in the spectral range 400-2500nm," Geometrical and Applied Optics 99, 868-874 (2005)
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. R. Mordon, B. Wassmer, J. P. Reynaud, and J. Zemmouri, "Mathematical modeling of laser lipolysis," Biomed. Eng. Online 7, 10 (2008)
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. J. Welch and C. M. Gardner, "Monte Carlo model for determination of the role of heat generation in laserirradiated tissue," J. Biomech. Eng. 119, 489-495 (1997)
    [CrossRef]
  12. Y. H. Ju, J. H. Park, J. H. Lee, J. Y. Lee, K. B. Nahm, and J. H. Kim, "Study on the simulation model for the optimization of optical structures of edge-lit backlight for LCD applications," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 12, 25-30 (2008)
    [CrossRef]

2008 (4)

J. G. Khoury, R. Saluja, D. Keel, S. Detwiler, and M. P. Goldman, "Histologic evaluation of interstitial lipolysis comparing a 1064, 1320 and 2100nm laser in an ex vivo model," Lasers Surg. Med. 40, 402-406 (2008)
[CrossRef]

J. I. Youn, "Evaluation of morphological changes in degenerative cartilage using 3-D optical coherence tomography," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 12, 98-102 (2008)
[CrossRef]

S. R. Mordon, B. Wassmer, J. P. Reynaud, and J. Zemmouri, "Mathematical modeling of laser lipolysis," Biomed. Eng. Online 7, 10 (2008)
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Ju, J. H. Park, J. H. Lee, J. Y. Lee, K. B. Nahm, and J. H. Kim, "Study on the simulation model for the optimization of optical structures of edge-lit backlight for LCD applications," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 12, 25-30 (2008)
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. F. Dylla, "Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: a free electron laser study," Lasers Surg. Med. 38, 913-919 (2006)
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

A. N. Bashkatov, E. A. Genina, V. I. Kochubey, and V. V. Tuchin, "Optical properties of the subcutaneous adipose tissue in the spectral range 400-2500nm," Geometrical and Applied Optics 99, 868-874 (2005)
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

A. J. Welch and C. M. Gardner, "Monte Carlo model for determination of the role of heat generation in laserirradiated tissue," J. Biomech. Eng. 119, 489-495 (1997)
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

D. B. Apfelberg, "Results of multicenter study of laserassisted liposuction," Clin. Plast. Surg. 23, 713-719 (1996)

1995 (2)

A. J. Welch and M. J. C. van Gemert, Optical-thermal Response of Laser-irradiated Tissue (Plenum Press, New York, NY, USA, 1995)

L. Wang, S. L. Jacques, and L. Zheng, "Monte Carlo modeling of light transport in multi-layered tissues," Computer Methods and Prog. Biomed. 47, 131-146 (1995)
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

D. B. Apfelberg, S. Rosenthal, J. P. Hunstad, B. Achauer, and P. B. Fodor, "Progress report on multicenter study of laser-assisted liposuction," Aesthetic Plast. Surg. 18, 259-264 (1994)
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

S. A. Prahl, M. Keijzer, S. L. Jacques, and A. J. Welch, "A Monte Carlo model of light propagation in tissue," Proc. SPIE Institute Series IS 5, 102-111 (1989)

Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (1)

D. B. Apfelberg, S. Rosenthal, J. P. Hunstad, B. Achauer, and P. B. Fodor, "Progress report on multicenter study of laser-assisted liposuction," Aesthetic Plast. Surg. 18, 259-264 (1994)
[CrossRef]

BioMedical Engineering OnLine (1)

S. R. Mordon, B. Wassmer, J. P. Reynaud, and J. Zemmouri, "Mathematical modeling of laser lipolysis," Biomed. Eng. Online 7, 10 (2008)
[CrossRef]

Clin. Plast. Surg. (1)

D. B. Apfelberg, "Results of multicenter study of laserassisted liposuction," Clin. Plast. Surg. 23, 713-719 (1996)

Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine (1)

L. Wang, S. L. Jacques, and L. Zheng, "Monte Carlo modeling of light transport in multi-layered tissues," Computer Methods and Prog. Biomed. 47, 131-146 (1995)
[CrossRef]

J. Biomech. Eng. (1)

A. J. Welch and C. M. Gardner, "Monte Carlo model for determination of the role of heat generation in laserirradiated tissue," J. Biomech. Eng. 119, 489-495 (1997)
[CrossRef]

Journal of the Optical Society of Korea (2)

Y. H. Ju, J. H. Park, J. H. Lee, J. Y. Lee, K. B. Nahm, and J. H. Kim, "Study on the simulation model for the optimization of optical structures of edge-lit backlight for LCD applications," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 12, 25-30 (2008)
[CrossRef]

J. I. Youn, "Evaluation of morphological changes in degenerative cartilage using 3-D optical coherence tomography," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 12, 98-102 (2008)
[CrossRef]

Lasers in Surgery and Medicine (2)

R. R. Anderson, W. Farinelli, H. Laubach, D. Manstein, A. N. Yaroslavsky, J. Gubeli, K. Jordan, G. R. Neil, M. Shinn, W. Chandler, G. P. Williams, S. V. Benson, D. R. Douglas, and H. F. Dylla, "Selective photothermolysis of lipid-rich tissues: a free electron laser study," Lasers Surg. Med. 38, 913-919 (2006)
[CrossRef]

J. G. Khoury, R. Saluja, D. Keel, S. Detwiler, and M. P. Goldman, "Histologic evaluation of interstitial lipolysis comparing a 1064, 1320 and 2100nm laser in an ex vivo model," Lasers Surg. Med. 40, 402-406 (2008)
[CrossRef]

Optics and Spectroscopy (1)

A. N. Bashkatov, E. A. Genina, V. I. Kochubey, and V. V. Tuchin, "Optical properties of the subcutaneous adipose tissue in the spectral range 400-2500nm," Geometrical and Applied Optics 99, 868-874 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE Institute Series (1)

S. A. Prahl, M. Keijzer, S. L. Jacques, and A. J. Welch, "A Monte Carlo model of light propagation in tissue," Proc. SPIE Institute Series IS 5, 102-111 (1989)

Other (1)

A. J. Welch and M. J. C. van Gemert, Optical-thermal Response of Laser-irradiated Tissue (Plenum Press, New York, NY, USA, 1995)

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