Abstract

This paper presents a theoretical and experimental investigation of the transmission and sensing characteristics of the biconically tapered cladded multimode fibers. The beam propagation method was used to examine the transmission characteristics with various structural parameters. The results show that the transmission of the biconically tapered cladded multimode fibers is sensitive to the mode of the input optical beam and the refractive index of the external medium. A refractive index sensor for the external medium was proposed based on the theoretical analysis, and its feasibility was demonstrated experimentally.

© 2009 Optical Society of Korea

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  1. M. Tabib-Azar, B. Sutapun, and R. Petrick, "Highly sensitive hydrogen sensors using palladium coated fiber optics with exposed cores and evanescent field interactions," Sensors and Actuators B : Chemical 56, 158-163 (1999)
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. Luna-Moreno and D. Monzon-Hernandez, "Effect of the Pd-Au thin film thickness uniformity on the performance of an optical fiber hydrogen sensor," Applied Surface Science 253, 8615-8619 (2007)
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. T. Lee, R. D. Kumar, and P. S. Kumar, "Long period gratings in multimode optical fibers: application in chemical sensing," Opt. Comm. 224, 237-241 (2003)
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. Orghici, U. Willer, and M. Gierszewska, "Fiber optic evanescent field sensor for detection of explosives and CO2 dissolved in water," Appl. Phys. B : Lasers and optics 90, 355-360 (2008)
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. G. Mignani, "Evanescent wave absorption spectroscopy by means of bi-taped multimode optical fiber," Applied Spectroscopy 52, 546-551 (1998)
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Guo and S. Albin, "Transmission property and evanescent wave absorption of cladded multimode fiber tapers," Opt. Exp. 11, 215-223 (2003)
  7. Y.-F. Li and J. W. Y. Lit, "Transmission properties of a multimode optical-fiber taper," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 464-468 (1985)
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Yang, J. Lee, K. Reichard, P. Ruffin, F. Liang, D. Ditto, and S. Yin, "Fabrication and implementation of a multi-to-single mode converter based on a tapered multimode fiber," Opt. Comm. 249, 129-137 (2005)
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. Keiser, Optical Fiber Communications (McGraw-Hill, USA, 1983), Chapter 2
  10. A. J. Fielding, K. Edinger, and C. C. Davis, "Experimental observation of mode evolution in single-mode tapered optical fibers," J. Lightwave Tech. 17, 1649-1656 (1999)
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. C. Boucouvalas and G. Georgiou, "Tapering of single -mode optical fibers," IEE proceedings J, Optoelectronics 133, 385-392 (1986)
  12. A. Yacoubian, W. Lin, and J. H. Bechtel, "Fabrication of polymer waveguide tapers to minimize insertion loss," Proc. SPIE 4490, 22-31 (2001)
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. T. Kim and K. H. Park, "Fiber-optic temperature sensor based on single mode fused fiber coupler," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 12, 152-156 (2008)
    [CrossRef]

2008 (2)

R. Orghici, U. Willer, and M. Gierszewska, "Fiber optic evanescent field sensor for detection of explosives and CO2 dissolved in water," Appl. Phys. B : Lasers and optics 90, 355-360 (2008)
[CrossRef]

K. T. Kim and K. H. Park, "Fiber-optic temperature sensor based on single mode fused fiber coupler," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 12, 152-156 (2008)
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

D. Luna-Moreno and D. Monzon-Hernandez, "Effect of the Pd-Au thin film thickness uniformity on the performance of an optical fiber hydrogen sensor," Applied Surface Science 253, 8615-8619 (2007)
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

Y. Yang, J. Lee, K. Reichard, P. Ruffin, F. Liang, D. Ditto, and S. Yin, "Fabrication and implementation of a multi-to-single mode converter based on a tapered multimode fiber," Opt. Comm. 249, 129-137 (2005)
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

S. Guo and S. Albin, "Transmission property and evanescent wave absorption of cladded multimode fiber tapers," Opt. Exp. 11, 215-223 (2003)

S. T. Lee, R. D. Kumar, and P. S. Kumar, "Long period gratings in multimode optical fibers: application in chemical sensing," Opt. Comm. 224, 237-241 (2003)
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

A. Yacoubian, W. Lin, and J. H. Bechtel, "Fabrication of polymer waveguide tapers to minimize insertion loss," Proc. SPIE 4490, 22-31 (2001)
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

M. Tabib-Azar, B. Sutapun, and R. Petrick, "Highly sensitive hydrogen sensors using palladium coated fiber optics with exposed cores and evanescent field interactions," Sensors and Actuators B : Chemical 56, 158-163 (1999)
[CrossRef]

A. J. Fielding, K. Edinger, and C. C. Davis, "Experimental observation of mode evolution in single-mode tapered optical fibers," J. Lightwave Tech. 17, 1649-1656 (1999)
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. G. Mignani, "Evanescent wave absorption spectroscopy by means of bi-taped multimode optical fiber," Applied Spectroscopy 52, 546-551 (1998)
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

A. C. Boucouvalas and G. Georgiou, "Tapering of single -mode optical fibers," IEE proceedings J, Optoelectronics 133, 385-392 (1986)

1985 (1)

Y.-F. Li and J. W. Y. Lit, "Transmission properties of a multimode optical-fiber taper," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 464-468 (1985)
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

G. Keiser, Optical Fiber Communications (McGraw-Hill, USA, 1983), Chapter 2

Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics (1)

R. Orghici, U. Willer, and M. Gierszewska, "Fiber optic evanescent field sensor for detection of explosives and CO2 dissolved in water," Appl. Phys. B : Lasers and optics 90, 355-360 (2008)
[CrossRef]

Applied Spectroscopy (1)

A. G. Mignani, "Evanescent wave absorption spectroscopy by means of bi-taped multimode optical fiber," Applied Spectroscopy 52, 546-551 (1998)
[CrossRef]

Applied Surface Science (1)

D. Luna-Moreno and D. Monzon-Hernandez, "Effect of the Pd-Au thin film thickness uniformity on the performance of an optical fiber hydrogen sensor," Applied Surface Science 253, 8615-8619 (2007)
[CrossRef]

IEE proceedings J, Optoelectronics (1)

A. C. Boucouvalas and G. Georgiou, "Tapering of single -mode optical fibers," IEE proceedings J, Optoelectronics 133, 385-392 (1986)

JOSA A (1)

Y.-F. Li and J. W. Y. Lit, "Transmission properties of a multimode optical-fiber taper," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 464-468 (1985)
[CrossRef]

Journal of the Optical Society of Korea (1)

K. T. Kim and K. H. Park, "Fiber-optic temperature sensor based on single mode fused fiber coupler," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 12, 152-156 (2008)
[CrossRef]

Lightwave Technology, Journal of (1)

A. J. Fielding, K. Edinger, and C. C. Davis, "Experimental observation of mode evolution in single-mode tapered optical fibers," J. Lightwave Tech. 17, 1649-1656 (1999)
[CrossRef]

Opt. Exp. (1)

S. Guo and S. Albin, "Transmission property and evanescent wave absorption of cladded multimode fiber tapers," Opt. Exp. 11, 215-223 (2003)

Optics Communications (2)

S. T. Lee, R. D. Kumar, and P. S. Kumar, "Long period gratings in multimode optical fibers: application in chemical sensing," Opt. Comm. 224, 237-241 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Y. Yang, J. Lee, K. Reichard, P. Ruffin, F. Liang, D. Ditto, and S. Yin, "Fabrication and implementation of a multi-to-single mode converter based on a tapered multimode fiber," Opt. Comm. 249, 129-137 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

A. Yacoubian, W. Lin, and J. H. Bechtel, "Fabrication of polymer waveguide tapers to minimize insertion loss," Proc. SPIE 4490, 22-31 (2001)
[CrossRef]

Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical (1)

M. Tabib-Azar, B. Sutapun, and R. Petrick, "Highly sensitive hydrogen sensors using palladium coated fiber optics with exposed cores and evanescent field interactions," Sensors and Actuators B : Chemical 56, 158-163 (1999)
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

G. Keiser, Optical Fiber Communications (McGraw-Hill, USA, 1983), Chapter 2

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