Abstract

We investigated the polarization-mode dispersion (PMD) tolerance for 40Gb/s non-return to zero (NRZ), duobinary NRZ, return to zero (RZ), carrier-suppressed RZ (CS-RZ), and duobinary-carrier-suppressed RZ (DCS-RZ) modulation formats with a forward error correction (FEC) coding. The power penalty has been calculated as a measure of the system performance due to PMD. After comparison of the PMD tolerance of various modulation formats, our results suggest that RZ signals have the best tolerance against the effect of first-order PMD only. The duobinary NRZ modulation format is most resilient to PMD when both first- and second-order PMD are considered. However, the duobinary NRZ modulation format is the most sensitive to the incident angle of the input signal to a fiber axis in the presence of first- and second-order PMD, leading to incident angle-dependent power penalty. The coding gain by FEC can cope with the power penalties induced by first- and second-order PMD up to a DGD value of 16ps.

© 2009 Optical Society of Korea

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  1. J. Sakai and T. Kimura, "Birefringence and polarization characteristics of single-mode optical fibers under elastic deformations," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1041-1051 (1981)
  2. H. Jang, K. Kim, J. Lee, and J. Jeong, "PMD tolerance of 10 Gbps modulated signals due to SOA-induced chirp in SOA booster amplifiers," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 12, 232- 239 (2008)
    [CrossRef]
  3. S.-M. Kim, "PMD effect on the clock-based optimum dispersion compensation monitoring technique," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 13, 112-115 (2009)
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Sunnerud, C. Xie, M. Karlsson, R. Samuelsson, and P. A. Andrekson, "A comparison between different PMD compensation techniques," IEEE J. Lightwave Tech. 20, 368-378 (2002)
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. Noe, D. Sandel, and V. Mirvoda, "PMD in high-bit-rate transmission and means for its mitigation," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 341-355 (2004)
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Wang and J. M. Kahn, "Performance of electrical equalizers in optically amplified OOK and DPSK systems," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 16, 1397-1399 (2004)
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. Bruyere, "Impact of first and second order PMD in optical digital transmission systems," Optical Fiber Technol. 2, 269-280 (1996)
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Francia, F. Bruyere, D. Penninckx, and M. Chbat, "PMD second-order effects on pulse propagation in single-mode optical fibers," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 10, 1739-1741 (1998)
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. A. A. Lima, M. C. R. Carvalho, and L. F. M. Conrado, "On the simulation of digital optical links with EDFA"s: an accurate method for estimating BER through Gaussian approximation," IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 3, 1037-1044 (1997)
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Kim, J. Lee, Y. Kim, and J. Jeong, "Evaluation of transmission performance in cost-effective optical duobinary transmission utilizing modulator"s bandwidth or low-pass filter implemented by a single capacitor," Optical Fiber Technol. 10, 312-324 (2004)
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. Xie, L. Moller, H. Haunstein, and S. Hunsche, "Comparison of system tolerance to polarization-mode dispersion between different modulation formats," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 15, 1168-1170 (2003)
    [CrossRef]
  12. N. Kaneda, X. Liu, Z. Zheng, X. Wei, M. Tayahi, M. Movassaghi, and D. Levy, "Improved polarization-modedispersion tolerance in duobinary transmission," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 15, 1005-1007 (2003)
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. Youn, H. Jang, K. Kim, and J. Jeong "BER performance due to irregularity of row-weight distribution of the parity-check matrix in irregular LDPC codes for 10- Gb/s optical signals," IEEE J. Lightwave Tech. 23, 2673- 2680 (2005)
    [CrossRef]

2009 (1)

S.-M. Kim, "PMD effect on the clock-based optimum dispersion compensation monitoring technique," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 13, 112-115 (2009)
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

H. Jang, K. Kim, J. Lee, and J. Jeong, "PMD tolerance of 10 Gbps modulated signals due to SOA-induced chirp in SOA booster amplifiers," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 12, 232- 239 (2008)
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

J. Youn, H. Jang, K. Kim, and J. Jeong "BER performance due to irregularity of row-weight distribution of the parity-check matrix in irregular LDPC codes for 10- Gb/s optical signals," IEEE J. Lightwave Tech. 23, 2673- 2680 (2005)
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

Y. Kim, J. Lee, Y. Kim, and J. Jeong, "Evaluation of transmission performance in cost-effective optical duobinary transmission utilizing modulator"s bandwidth or low-pass filter implemented by a single capacitor," Optical Fiber Technol. 10, 312-324 (2004)
[CrossRef]

R. Noe, D. Sandel, and V. Mirvoda, "PMD in high-bit-rate transmission and means for its mitigation," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 341-355 (2004)
[CrossRef]

J. Wang and J. M. Kahn, "Performance of electrical equalizers in optically amplified OOK and DPSK systems," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 16, 1397-1399 (2004)
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

C. Xie, L. Moller, H. Haunstein, and S. Hunsche, "Comparison of system tolerance to polarization-mode dispersion between different modulation formats," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 15, 1168-1170 (2003)
[CrossRef]

N. Kaneda, X. Liu, Z. Zheng, X. Wei, M. Tayahi, M. Movassaghi, and D. Levy, "Improved polarization-modedispersion tolerance in duobinary transmission," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 15, 1005-1007 (2003)
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

H. Sunnerud, C. Xie, M. Karlsson, R. Samuelsson, and P. A. Andrekson, "A comparison between different PMD compensation techniques," IEEE J. Lightwave Tech. 20, 368-378 (2002)
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

C. Francia, F. Bruyere, D. Penninckx, and M. Chbat, "PMD second-order effects on pulse propagation in single-mode optical fibers," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 10, 1739-1741 (1998)
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

R. A. A. Lima, M. C. R. Carvalho, and L. F. M. Conrado, "On the simulation of digital optical links with EDFA"s: an accurate method for estimating BER through Gaussian approximation," IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 3, 1037-1044 (1997)
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

F. Bruyere, "Impact of first and second order PMD in optical digital transmission systems," Optical Fiber Technol. 2, 269-280 (1996)
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

J. Sakai and T. Kimura, "Birefringence and polarization characteristics of single-mode optical fibers under elastic deformations," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1041-1051 (1981)

IEEE J. Lightwave Tech. (1)

J. Youn, H. Jang, K. Kim, and J. Jeong "BER performance due to irregularity of row-weight distribution of the parity-check matrix in irregular LDPC codes for 10- Gb/s optical signals," IEEE J. Lightwave Tech. 23, 2673- 2680 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Journal of the Optical Society of Korea (2)

H. Jang, K. Kim, J. Lee, and J. Jeong, "PMD tolerance of 10 Gbps modulated signals due to SOA-induced chirp in SOA booster amplifiers," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 12, 232- 239 (2008)
[CrossRef]

S.-M. Kim, "PMD effect on the clock-based optimum dispersion compensation monitoring technique," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 13, 112-115 (2009)
[CrossRef]

Lightwave Technology, Journal of (1)

H. Sunnerud, C. Xie, M. Karlsson, R. Samuelsson, and P. A. Andrekson, "A comparison between different PMD compensation techniques," IEEE J. Lightwave Tech. 20, 368-378 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Optical Fiber Technology (2)

F. Bruyere, "Impact of first and second order PMD in optical digital transmission systems," Optical Fiber Technol. 2, 269-280 (1996)
[CrossRef]

Y. Kim, J. Lee, Y. Kim, and J. Jeong, "Evaluation of transmission performance in cost-effective optical duobinary transmission utilizing modulator"s bandwidth or low-pass filter implemented by a single capacitor," Optical Fiber Technol. 10, 312-324 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Photonics Technology Letters, IEEE (4)

C. Xie, L. Moller, H. Haunstein, and S. Hunsche, "Comparison of system tolerance to polarization-mode dispersion between different modulation formats," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 15, 1168-1170 (2003)
[CrossRef]

N. Kaneda, X. Liu, Z. Zheng, X. Wei, M. Tayahi, M. Movassaghi, and D. Levy, "Improved polarization-modedispersion tolerance in duobinary transmission," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 15, 1005-1007 (2003)
[CrossRef]

C. Francia, F. Bruyere, D. Penninckx, and M. Chbat, "PMD second-order effects on pulse propagation in single-mode optical fibers," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 10, 1739-1741 (1998)
[CrossRef]

J. Wang and J. M. Kahn, "Performance of electrical equalizers in optically amplified OOK and DPSK systems," IEEE Photonics Technology Letters 16, 1397-1399 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of (1)

J. Sakai and T. Kimura, "Birefringence and polarization characteristics of single-mode optical fibers under elastic deformations," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 17, 1041-1051 (1981)

Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of (2)

R. A. A. Lima, M. C. R. Carvalho, and L. F. M. Conrado, "On the simulation of digital optical links with EDFA"s: an accurate method for estimating BER through Gaussian approximation," IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 3, 1037-1044 (1997)
[CrossRef]

R. Noe, D. Sandel, and V. Mirvoda, "PMD in high-bit-rate transmission and means for its mitigation," IEEE J. Sel. Topics Quantum Electron. 10, 341-355 (2004)
[CrossRef]

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