Abstract

We present cross-correlation frequency-resolved optical gating (XFROG) measurements of supercontinuum pulses generated by using a photonic crystal fiber (PCF), and ultraviolet (UV) pulses generated by frequency doubling of infrared ultra-short pulses. Since supercontinuum pulses have broad spectra, XFROG measurement typically requires using an extremely thin nonlinear crystal which has a thickness of sub-ten microns. Instead of using such a thin crystal, we employed a relatively thick crystal which was mounted on a galvanometer in order to achieve a phase-matching over the whole spectral bandwidth of the supercontinuum pulses by a crystal-dithering technique. Experimental results of the retrieved phase and intensity were in fair agreement with the independently measured data.

© 2009 Optical Society of Korea

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  1. G. D. Reid and K. Wynne, Ultrafast Laser Technology and Spectroscopy (Wiley, Chichester, 2000)
  2. H. Kang, C. C. Byeon, M.-K. Oh, D.-K. Ko, J. Lee, J. S. Kim, H.-G. Choi, M. S. Jeong, and C.-S. Kee, "Coherent absorption spectroscopy with supercontinuum for semiconductor quantum well structure," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 11, 138-141 (2007)
    [CrossRef]
  3. I.-B. Shon, Y.-C. Noh, Y. S. Kim, D.-K. Ko, J. Lee, and Y.-J. Choi, "Laser ablation of polypropylene films using nanosecond, picosecond, and femtosecond laser," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 12, 38-41 (2008)
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. Trebino, Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating (Kluwer, Boston, 2002)
  5. R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. of Sci. Inst. 68, 3277-3295 (1997)
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. Trebino and D. J. Kane, "Using phase retrieval to measure the intensity and phase of ultrashort pulses: frequency-resolved optical gating," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 1101-1111 (1993)
    [CrossRef]
  7. X. Gu, S. Akturk, A. Shreenath, Q. Cao, and R. Trebino, "The measurement of ultrashort light pulsessimple devices, complex pulses," Opt. Rev. 11, 141-152 (2004)
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Iaconis and I. Walmsley, "Self-referencing spectral interferometry for measuring ultrashort optical pulses," IEEE J. of Quantum Electron. 35, 501-509 (1999)
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Linden, H. Giessen, and J. Kuhl, "XFROG: a new method for amplitude and phase characterization of weak ultrashort pulses," Phys. Stat. Sol. (b) 206, 119-124 (1998)
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. W. Delong, D. N. Fittinghoff, R. Trebino, B. Kohler, and K. Wilson, "Pulse retrieval in frequency-resolved optical gating based on the method of generalized projections," Opt. Lett. 19, 2152-2154 (1994)
    [CrossRef]
  11. P. O"Shea, M. Kimmel, X. Gu, and R. Trebino, "Highly simplified ultrashort pulse measurement," Opt. Lett. 26, 932-934 (2001)
    [CrossRef]
  12. B. K. Yang, H. S. Rho, J. M. Seo, and J. S. Kim, "Design, construction and calibration of a GRENOUILLE, single-shot, ultrashort-pulse measurement system," J. Korean Phys. Soc. 52, 269-274 (2008)
  13. P. O"Shea, M. Kimmel, X. Gu, and R. Trebino, "Increasedbandwidth in ultrashort-pulse measurement using an angle-dithered nonlinear-optical crystal," Opt. Exp. 7, 342-349 (2000)
  14. B. Tsermaa, B. K. Yang , J. M. Seo, and J. S. Kim, "A sub-10-fs Ti:sapphire oscillator with a simple fourmirror cavity," J. Korean Phys. Soc. 52, 1043-1047 (2008)
  15. J. M. Dudley, X. Gu, L. Xu, M. Kimmel, E. Zeek, P. O"Shea, R. Trebino, S. Coen, and R. Windeler, "Crosscorrelation frequency resolved optical gating analysis of broadband continuum generation in photonic crystal fiber: simulations and experiments," Opt. Exp. 10, 1215-1221 (2002)
  16. B. Tsermaa, K. Myung-Whun, K. H. Lee, and J. S. Kim, "Sensitivity improvement of SPIDER by applying a crystal dithering technique," J. Korean Phys. Soc. 54, to be published (2009)
  17. V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals, 3rd revised edition (Springer, Berlin, 1999)
  18. Q. Cao, X. Gu, E. Zeek, M. Kimmel, R. Trebino, J. Dudley, and R. S. Windeler, "Measurement of the intensity and phase of supercontinuum from an 8-mm-long microstructure fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 239-244 (2003)
    [CrossRef]
  19. X. Gu, L. Xu, M. Kimmel, E. Zeek, P. O"Shea, A. Shreenath, and R. Trebino, "Frequency-resolved optical gating and single-shot spectral measurements reveal fine structure in microstructure-fiber continuum," Opt. Lett. 27, 1174-1176 (2002)
    [CrossRef]
  20. Z. Zhu and T. G. Brown, "Experimental studies of polarization properties of supercontinua generated in a birefringent photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Exp. 12, 791-796 (2004)
    [CrossRef]
  21. B. Tsermaa, J. S. Kim, and B. K. Yang, "Construction of a broad-band optical isolator by using an achromatic circular polarizer," J. Korean Phys. Soc. 48, 892-896 (2006)

2009 (1)

B. Tsermaa, K. Myung-Whun, K. H. Lee, and J. S. Kim, "Sensitivity improvement of SPIDER by applying a crystal dithering technique," J. Korean Phys. Soc. 54, to be published (2009)

2008 (3)

B. Tsermaa, B. K. Yang , J. M. Seo, and J. S. Kim, "A sub-10-fs Ti:sapphire oscillator with a simple fourmirror cavity," J. Korean Phys. Soc. 52, 1043-1047 (2008)

B. K. Yang, H. S. Rho, J. M. Seo, and J. S. Kim, "Design, construction and calibration of a GRENOUILLE, single-shot, ultrashort-pulse measurement system," J. Korean Phys. Soc. 52, 269-274 (2008)

I.-B. Shon, Y.-C. Noh, Y. S. Kim, D.-K. Ko, J. Lee, and Y.-J. Choi, "Laser ablation of polypropylene films using nanosecond, picosecond, and femtosecond laser," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 12, 38-41 (2008)
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

H. Kang, C. C. Byeon, M.-K. Oh, D.-K. Ko, J. Lee, J. S. Kim, H.-G. Choi, M. S. Jeong, and C.-S. Kee, "Coherent absorption spectroscopy with supercontinuum for semiconductor quantum well structure," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 11, 138-141 (2007)
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

B. Tsermaa, J. S. Kim, and B. K. Yang, "Construction of a broad-band optical isolator by using an achromatic circular polarizer," J. Korean Phys. Soc. 48, 892-896 (2006)

2004 (2)

Z. Zhu and T. G. Brown, "Experimental studies of polarization properties of supercontinua generated in a birefringent photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Exp. 12, 791-796 (2004)
[CrossRef]

X. Gu, S. Akturk, A. Shreenath, Q. Cao, and R. Trebino, "The measurement of ultrashort light pulsessimple devices, complex pulses," Opt. Rev. 11, 141-152 (2004)
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

Q. Cao, X. Gu, E. Zeek, M. Kimmel, R. Trebino, J. Dudley, and R. S. Windeler, "Measurement of the intensity and phase of supercontinuum from an 8-mm-long microstructure fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 239-244 (2003)
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

X. Gu, L. Xu, M. Kimmel, E. Zeek, P. O"Shea, A. Shreenath, and R. Trebino, "Frequency-resolved optical gating and single-shot spectral measurements reveal fine structure in microstructure-fiber continuum," Opt. Lett. 27, 1174-1176 (2002)
[CrossRef]

R. Trebino, Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating (Kluwer, Boston, 2002)

J. M. Dudley, X. Gu, L. Xu, M. Kimmel, E. Zeek, P. O"Shea, R. Trebino, S. Coen, and R. Windeler, "Crosscorrelation frequency resolved optical gating analysis of broadband continuum generation in photonic crystal fiber: simulations and experiments," Opt. Exp. 10, 1215-1221 (2002)

2001 (1)

P. O"Shea, M. Kimmel, X. Gu, and R. Trebino, "Highly simplified ultrashort pulse measurement," Opt. Lett. 26, 932-934 (2001)
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

G. D. Reid and K. Wynne, Ultrafast Laser Technology and Spectroscopy (Wiley, Chichester, 2000)

P. O"Shea, M. Kimmel, X. Gu, and R. Trebino, "Increasedbandwidth in ultrashort-pulse measurement using an angle-dithered nonlinear-optical crystal," Opt. Exp. 7, 342-349 (2000)

1999 (2)

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals, 3rd revised edition (Springer, Berlin, 1999)

C. Iaconis and I. Walmsley, "Self-referencing spectral interferometry for measuring ultrashort optical pulses," IEEE J. of Quantum Electron. 35, 501-509 (1999)
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

S. Linden, H. Giessen, and J. Kuhl, "XFROG: a new method for amplitude and phase characterization of weak ultrashort pulses," Phys. Stat. Sol. (b) 206, 119-124 (1998)
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. of Sci. Inst. 68, 3277-3295 (1997)
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

K. W. Delong, D. N. Fittinghoff, R. Trebino, B. Kohler, and K. Wilson, "Pulse retrieval in frequency-resolved optical gating based on the method of generalized projections," Opt. Lett. 19, 2152-2154 (1994)
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

R. Trebino and D. J. Kane, "Using phase retrieval to measure the intensity and phase of ultrashort pulses: frequency-resolved optical gating," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 1101-1111 (1993)
[CrossRef]

Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics (1)

Q. Cao, X. Gu, E. Zeek, M. Kimmel, R. Trebino, J. Dudley, and R. S. Windeler, "Measurement of the intensity and phase of supercontinuum from an 8-mm-long microstructure fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 239-244 (2003)
[CrossRef]

J. Korean Phys. Soc. (2)

B. Tsermaa, K. Myung-Whun, K. H. Lee, and J. S. Kim, "Sensitivity improvement of SPIDER by applying a crystal dithering technique," J. Korean Phys. Soc. 54, to be published (2009)

B. Tsermaa, B. K. Yang , J. M. Seo, and J. S. Kim, "A sub-10-fs Ti:sapphire oscillator with a simple fourmirror cavity," J. Korean Phys. Soc. 52, 1043-1047 (2008)

JOSA A (1)

R. Trebino and D. J. Kane, "Using phase retrieval to measure the intensity and phase of ultrashort pulses: frequency-resolved optical gating," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 1101-1111 (1993)
[CrossRef]

Journal of the Korean Physical Society (2)

B. K. Yang, H. S. Rho, J. M. Seo, and J. S. Kim, "Design, construction and calibration of a GRENOUILLE, single-shot, ultrashort-pulse measurement system," J. Korean Phys. Soc. 52, 269-274 (2008)

B. Tsermaa, J. S. Kim, and B. K. Yang, "Construction of a broad-band optical isolator by using an achromatic circular polarizer," J. Korean Phys. Soc. 48, 892-896 (2006)

Journal of the Optical Society of Korea (2)

H. Kang, C. C. Byeon, M.-K. Oh, D.-K. Ko, J. Lee, J. S. Kim, H.-G. Choi, M. S. Jeong, and C.-S. Kee, "Coherent absorption spectroscopy with supercontinuum for semiconductor quantum well structure," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 11, 138-141 (2007)
[CrossRef]

I.-B. Shon, Y.-C. Noh, Y. S. Kim, D.-K. Ko, J. Lee, and Y.-J. Choi, "Laser ablation of polypropylene films using nanosecond, picosecond, and femtosecond laser," J. Opt. Soc. Korea 12, 38-41 (2008)
[CrossRef]

Optical Review (1)

X. Gu, S. Akturk, A. Shreenath, Q. Cao, and R. Trebino, "The measurement of ultrashort light pulsessimple devices, complex pulses," Opt. Rev. 11, 141-152 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Optics Express (3)

P. O"Shea, M. Kimmel, X. Gu, and R. Trebino, "Increasedbandwidth in ultrashort-pulse measurement using an angle-dithered nonlinear-optical crystal," Opt. Exp. 7, 342-349 (2000)

J. M. Dudley, X. Gu, L. Xu, M. Kimmel, E. Zeek, P. O"Shea, R. Trebino, S. Coen, and R. Windeler, "Crosscorrelation frequency resolved optical gating analysis of broadband continuum generation in photonic crystal fiber: simulations and experiments," Opt. Exp. 10, 1215-1221 (2002)

Z. Zhu and T. G. Brown, "Experimental studies of polarization properties of supercontinua generated in a birefringent photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Exp. 12, 791-796 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Optics Letters (3)

X. Gu, L. Xu, M. Kimmel, E. Zeek, P. O"Shea, A. Shreenath, and R. Trebino, "Frequency-resolved optical gating and single-shot spectral measurements reveal fine structure in microstructure-fiber continuum," Opt. Lett. 27, 1174-1176 (2002)
[CrossRef]

K. W. Delong, D. N. Fittinghoff, R. Trebino, B. Kohler, and K. Wilson, "Pulse retrieval in frequency-resolved optical gating based on the method of generalized projections," Opt. Lett. 19, 2152-2154 (1994)
[CrossRef]

P. O"Shea, M. Kimmel, X. Gu, and R. Trebino, "Highly simplified ultrashort pulse measurement," Opt. Lett. 26, 932-934 (2001)
[CrossRef]

physica status solidi (b) (1)

S. Linden, H. Giessen, and J. Kuhl, "XFROG: a new method for amplitude and phase characterization of weak ultrashort pulses," Phys. Stat. Sol. (b) 206, 119-124 (1998)
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of (1)

C. Iaconis and I. Walmsley, "Self-referencing spectral interferometry for measuring ultrashort optical pulses," IEEE J. of Quantum Electron. 35, 501-509 (1999)
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum (1)

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. of Sci. Inst. 68, 3277-3295 (1997)
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

G. D. Reid and K. Wynne, Ultrafast Laser Technology and Spectroscopy (Wiley, Chichester, 2000)

R. Trebino, Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating (Kluwer, Boston, 2002)

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals, 3rd revised edition (Springer, Berlin, 1999)

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