Abstract

This article presents the RSOA-based re-modulation schemes for practical application to the WDM-PON link. Emphasis is put on the three methods for reducing the residual downstream signal in the upstream transmission; the simplest one is to use the RSOA gain-saturation property, the second uses selective filtering of the adiabatic-chirped DFB-LD output spectrum, and the last uses a dynamic RSOA gain control by varying its driving current according to the incident binary signal. The reflection sensitivity in the proposed re-modulation link is also qualitatively presented in the cases of using two different types of seed light: coherent light from DFB-LD array and spectrum-sliced incoherent ASE light. We show experimental results of an error-free bidirectional gigabit transmission over 20 km at -30 dB reflection with the spectrum-sliced ASE seed light.

© 2008 Optical Society of Korea

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  1. B. W. Kim, H. H. Lee, and J. W. Yang, “Access network technologies for broadband subscriber services in Korea: President and future,” IEICE Trans. Comm., vol. E86-B, no. 8, pp. 2273–2286, 2003
  2. S.-J. Park, C.-H. Lee, K.-T. Jeong, H.-J. Park, J.-G. Ahn, and K.-H. Song, “Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network,” IEEE J. Lightwave. Tech., vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 2582–2590, 2004
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. H. Han, E. S. Son, K. W. Lim, H. Y. Choi, S. P. Jung, and Y. C. Chung, “Bi-directional WDM Passive Optical Network using Spectrum-Sliced Light-Emitting Diodes,” in Proc. of OFC"2005, Los Angeles, CA, Paper MF98
  4. H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C.-H. Lee, “A Low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 1067-1069, 2000
    [CrossRef]
  5. S.-G. Mun, M.-H. Kim, S.-M. Lee, and C.-H. Lee, “A 240 km reach DWDM-PON of 8-Gb/s capacity using an optical amplifier,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 93-96, 2007
  6. G.-Y. Kim and J.-H. Kim, “Wavelength Division Multiplexing-Passive Optical Network Based FTTH Field Trial Test,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 101-107, 2007
  7. S. B. Park, D. K. Jung, D. J. Shin, et al, “Demonstration of WDM-PON with 50 GHz channel spacing employing spectrum-sliced reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEE Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 20, pp. 1172-1173, 2006
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. J. Park, G. Y. Kim, and T. S. Park, “WDM-PON system based on the laser light injected reflective semiconductor optical amplifier,” Optical Fiber Technology, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 162-169, 2006
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. D. Feuer, J. M. Wiesenfeld, J. S. Perino, C. A. Burrus, G. Raybon, S. C. Shunk, and N. K. Dutta, “Single-port laser-amplifier modulators for local access,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, no. 9, pp. 1175-1177, 1996
    [CrossRef]
  10. W. Hung, C. Chan, L. Chen, and F. Tong, “An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1476-1478, 2003
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Takesue, and T. Sugie, “Wavelength channel data rewrite using saturated SOA modulator for WDM networks with centralized light sources,” IEEE J. Lightwave. Tech., vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 2546-2556, 2003
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. J. Koponen and M. J. Soderlund, “A duplex WDM passive optical network with 1:16 power split using reflective SOA remodulator at ONU,” in Proc. of OFC"2004, Los Angeles, CA, Paper MF99, 2004
    [CrossRef]
  13. N. Buldawoo, S. Mottet, H. Dupont, D. Sigogne, and D. Meichenin, “Transmission experiment using a laser amplifier-reflector for DWDM access network,” in Proc. of ECOC"98, Madrid, Spain, pp. 196-199, 1998
  14. P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston. P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” IEE Electron. Lett., vol. 37, no. 19, pp. 1181-1182, 2001
    [CrossRef]
  15. W. R. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 2460-2462, 2005
    [CrossRef]
  16. K. Sato and H. Toba, “Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Elec., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 328-333, 2001
    [CrossRef]
  17. S. G. Mun, J. H. Moon, H. K. Lee, J. Y. Kim, and C.-H. Lee, “A WDM-PON with a 40 Gb/s (32 <TEX>${\times}$</TEX> 1.25 Gb/s) capacity based on wavelength-locked Fabry-Perot laser diodes,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 15, pp. 11361-11368, 2008
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. D. McCoy, P. Horak, B. C. Thomsen, M. Ibsen and D. J. Richardson, “Noise suppression of incoherent light using a gain-saturated SOA: Implications for spectrumsliced WDM systems,” IEEE J. Lightwave. Tech., vol. 23, no. 8, pp. 2399-2409, 2005
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. Munroe, J. Cooper, and M. G. Raymer, “Spectral broadening of stochastic light intensity-smoothed by a saturated semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Elec., vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 548-551, 1998
    [CrossRef]
  20. G. V. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, “Self-phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Elec., vol. 25, no. 11, pp. 2297-2306, 1989
    [CrossRef]
  21. W. R. Lee, S. H. Cho, M. Y. Park, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Frequency detuning effects in the loop-back WDM-PON employing gain-saturated RSOAs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 13, pp. 1436-1438, 2006
    [CrossRef]
  22. J. Downie, I. Tomkos, N. Antoniades, and A. Boskovic, “Effects of filter concatenation for directly modulated transmission lasers at 2.5 and 10 Gb/s,” IEEE J. Lightwave. Tech., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 218-228, 2002
    [CrossRef]
  23. E. Conforti, C. M. Gallep, S. H. Ho, A. C. Bordonalli and S. Kang, “Carrier reuse with gain compression and feed-forward semiconductor optical amplifier ,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 77-81, 2002
    [CrossRef]
  24. W. R. Lee, S. H. Cho, M. Y. Park, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Optical transceiver employing an RSOA with feed-forward current injection,” in Proc. of OFC2007, Anaheim, California, USA
    [CrossRef]
  25. M. Fujiwara, J.-I. Kani, H. Suzuki, and K. Iwatsuki, “Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,” IEEE J. Lightwave. Tech., vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 740-746, 2006
    [CrossRef]
  26. H. W. Hu and H. Anis, “Degradation of bi-directional single fiber transmission in WDM-PON due to beat noise,” IEEE J. Lightwave. Tech., vol. 26, no. 8, pp. 870-881, 2008
    [CrossRef]

2008 (2)

S. G. Mun, J. H. Moon, H. K. Lee, J. Y. Kim, and C.-H. Lee, “A WDM-PON with a 40 Gb/s (32 <TEX>${\times}$</TEX> 1.25 Gb/s) capacity based on wavelength-locked Fabry-Perot laser diodes,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 15, pp. 11361-11368, 2008
[CrossRef]

H. W. Hu and H. Anis, “Degradation of bi-directional single fiber transmission in WDM-PON due to beat noise,” IEEE J. Lightwave. Tech., vol. 26, no. 8, pp. 870-881, 2008
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

W. R. Lee, S. H. Cho, M. Y. Park, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Optical transceiver employing an RSOA with feed-forward current injection,” in Proc. of OFC2007, Anaheim, California, USA
[CrossRef]

S.-G. Mun, M.-H. Kim, S.-M. Lee, and C.-H. Lee, “A 240 km reach DWDM-PON of 8-Gb/s capacity using an optical amplifier,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 93-96, 2007

G.-Y. Kim and J.-H. Kim, “Wavelength Division Multiplexing-Passive Optical Network Based FTTH Field Trial Test,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 101-107, 2007

2006 (4)

S. B. Park, D. K. Jung, D. J. Shin, et al, “Demonstration of WDM-PON with 50 GHz channel spacing employing spectrum-sliced reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEE Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 20, pp. 1172-1173, 2006
[CrossRef]

S. J. Park, G. Y. Kim, and T. S. Park, “WDM-PON system based on the laser light injected reflective semiconductor optical amplifier,” Optical Fiber Technology, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 162-169, 2006
[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara, J.-I. Kani, H. Suzuki, and K. Iwatsuki, “Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,” IEEE J. Lightwave. Tech., vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 740-746, 2006
[CrossRef]

W. R. Lee, S. H. Cho, M. Y. Park, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Frequency detuning effects in the loop-back WDM-PON employing gain-saturated RSOAs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 13, pp. 1436-1438, 2006
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

W. R. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 2460-2462, 2005
[CrossRef]

K. H. Han, E. S. Son, K. W. Lim, H. Y. Choi, S. P. Jung, and Y. C. Chung, “Bi-directional WDM Passive Optical Network using Spectrum-Sliced Light-Emitting Diodes,” in Proc. of OFC"2005, Los Angeles, CA, Paper MF98

A. D. McCoy, P. Horak, B. C. Thomsen, M. Ibsen and D. J. Richardson, “Noise suppression of incoherent light using a gain-saturated SOA: Implications for spectrumsliced WDM systems,” IEEE J. Lightwave. Tech., vol. 23, no. 8, pp. 2399-2409, 2005
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

J. J. Koponen and M. J. Soderlund, “A duplex WDM passive optical network with 1:16 power split using reflective SOA remodulator at ONU,” in Proc. of OFC"2004, Los Angeles, CA, Paper MF99, 2004
[CrossRef]

S.-J. Park, C.-H. Lee, K.-T. Jeong, H.-J. Park, J.-G. Ahn, and K.-H. Song, “Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network,” IEEE J. Lightwave. Tech., vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 2582–2590, 2004
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

B. W. Kim, H. H. Lee, and J. W. Yang, “Access network technologies for broadband subscriber services in Korea: President and future,” IEICE Trans. Comm., vol. E86-B, no. 8, pp. 2273–2286, 2003

W. Hung, C. Chan, L. Chen, and F. Tong, “An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1476-1478, 2003
[CrossRef]

H. Takesue, and T. Sugie, “Wavelength channel data rewrite using saturated SOA modulator for WDM networks with centralized light sources,” IEEE J. Lightwave. Tech., vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 2546-2556, 2003
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

J. Downie, I. Tomkos, N. Antoniades, and A. Boskovic, “Effects of filter concatenation for directly modulated transmission lasers at 2.5 and 10 Gb/s,” IEEE J. Lightwave. Tech., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 218-228, 2002
[CrossRef]

E. Conforti, C. M. Gallep, S. H. Ho, A. C. Bordonalli and S. Kang, “Carrier reuse with gain compression and feed-forward semiconductor optical amplifier ,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 77-81, 2002
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

K. Sato and H. Toba, “Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Elec., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 328-333, 2001
[CrossRef]

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston. P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” IEE Electron. Lett., vol. 37, no. 19, pp. 1181-1182, 2001
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C.-H. Lee, “A Low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 1067-1069, 2000
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

N. Buldawoo, S. Mottet, H. Dupont, D. Sigogne, and D. Meichenin, “Transmission experiment using a laser amplifier-reflector for DWDM access network,” in Proc. of ECOC"98, Madrid, Spain, pp. 196-199, 1998

M. Munroe, J. Cooper, and M. G. Raymer, “Spectral broadening of stochastic light intensity-smoothed by a saturated semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Elec., vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 548-551, 1998
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

M. D. Feuer, J. M. Wiesenfeld, J. S. Perino, C. A. Burrus, G. Raybon, S. C. Shunk, and N. K. Dutta, “Single-port laser-amplifier modulators for local access,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, no. 9, pp. 1175-1177, 1996
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

G. V. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, “Self-phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Elec., vol. 25, no. 11, pp. 2297-2306, 1989
[CrossRef]

Electronics Letters (1)

S. B. Park, D. K. Jung, D. J. Shin, et al, “Demonstration of WDM-PON with 50 GHz channel spacing employing spectrum-sliced reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEE Electron. Lett., vol. 42, no. 20, pp. 1172-1173, 2006
[CrossRef]

IEE Electron. Lett. (1)

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston. P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, “Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs,” IEE Electron. Lett., vol. 37, no. 19, pp. 1181-1182, 2001
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

W. R. Lee, S. H. Cho, M. Y. Park, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Frequency detuning effects in the loop-back WDM-PON employing gain-saturated RSOAs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 18, no. 13, pp. 1436-1438, 2006
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Comm. (1)

B. W. Kim, H. H. Lee, and J. W. Yang, “Access network technologies for broadband subscriber services in Korea: President and future,” IEICE Trans. Comm., vol. E86-B, no. 8, pp. 2273–2286, 2003

in Proc. of ECOC’98 (1)

N. Buldawoo, S. Mottet, H. Dupont, D. Sigogne, and D. Meichenin, “Transmission experiment using a laser amplifier-reflector for DWDM access network,” in Proc. of ECOC"98, Madrid, Spain, pp. 196-199, 1998

Journal of the Optical Society of Korea (2)

S.-G. Mun, M.-H. Kim, S.-M. Lee, and C.-H. Lee, “A 240 km reach DWDM-PON of 8-Gb/s capacity using an optical amplifier,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 93-96, 2007

G.-Y. Kim and J.-H. Kim, “Wavelength Division Multiplexing-Passive Optical Network Based FTTH Field Trial Test,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 101-107, 2007

Lightwave Technology, Journal of (6)

S.-J. Park, C.-H. Lee, K.-T. Jeong, H.-J. Park, J.-G. Ahn, and K.-H. Song, “Fiber-to-the-home services based on wavelength-division-multiplexing passive optical network,” IEEE J. Lightwave. Tech., vol. 22, no. 11, pp. 2582–2590, 2004
[CrossRef]

H. Takesue, and T. Sugie, “Wavelength channel data rewrite using saturated SOA modulator for WDM networks with centralized light sources,” IEEE J. Lightwave. Tech., vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 2546-2556, 2003
[CrossRef]

A. D. McCoy, P. Horak, B. C. Thomsen, M. Ibsen and D. J. Richardson, “Noise suppression of incoherent light using a gain-saturated SOA: Implications for spectrumsliced WDM systems,” IEEE J. Lightwave. Tech., vol. 23, no. 8, pp. 2399-2409, 2005
[CrossRef]

J. Downie, I. Tomkos, N. Antoniades, and A. Boskovic, “Effects of filter concatenation for directly modulated transmission lasers at 2.5 and 10 Gb/s,” IEEE J. Lightwave. Tech., vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 218-228, 2002
[CrossRef]

M. Fujiwara, J.-I. Kani, H. Suzuki, and K. Iwatsuki, “Impact of backreflection on upstream transmission in WDM single-fiber loopback access networks,” IEEE J. Lightwave. Tech., vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 740-746, 2006
[CrossRef]

H. W. Hu and H. Anis, “Degradation of bi-directional single fiber transmission in WDM-PON due to beat noise,” IEEE J. Lightwave. Tech., vol. 26, no. 8, pp. 870-881, 2008
[CrossRef]

Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on (1)

E. Conforti, C. M. Gallep, S. H. Ho, A. C. Bordonalli and S. Kang, “Carrier reuse with gain compression and feed-forward semiconductor optical amplifier ,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 77-81, 2002
[CrossRef]

Optical Fiber Communication and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, 2007. OFC/NFOEC 2007. Conference on (1)

W. R. Lee, S. H. Cho, M. Y. Park, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Optical transceiver employing an RSOA with feed-forward current injection,” in Proc. of OFC2007, Anaheim, California, USA
[CrossRef]

Optical Fiber Communication Conference, 2004. OFC 2004 (1)

J. J. Koponen and M. J. Soderlund, “A duplex WDM passive optical network with 1:16 power split using reflective SOA remodulator at ONU,” in Proc. of OFC"2004, Los Angeles, CA, Paper MF99, 2004
[CrossRef]

Optical Fiber Technology (1)

S. J. Park, G. Y. Kim, and T. S. Park, “WDM-PON system based on the laser light injected reflective semiconductor optical amplifier,” Optical Fiber Technology, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 162-169, 2006
[CrossRef]

Optics Express (1)

S. G. Mun, J. H. Moon, H. K. Lee, J. Y. Kim, and C.-H. Lee, “A WDM-PON with a 40 Gb/s (32 <TEX>${\times}$</TEX> 1.25 Gb/s) capacity based on wavelength-locked Fabry-Perot laser diodes,” Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 15, pp. 11361-11368, 2008
[CrossRef]

Photonics Technology Letters, IEEE (4)

M. D. Feuer, J. M. Wiesenfeld, J. S. Perino, C. A. Burrus, G. Raybon, S. C. Shunk, and N. K. Dutta, “Single-port laser-amplifier modulators for local access,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, no. 9, pp. 1175-1177, 1996
[CrossRef]

W. Hung, C. Chan, L. Chen, and F. Tong, “An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 10, pp. 1476-1478, 2003
[CrossRef]

H. D. Kim, S. G. Kang, and C.-H. Lee, “A Low-cost WDM source with an ASE injected Fabry-Perot semiconductor laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 1067-1069, 2000
[CrossRef]

W. R. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. W. Kim, “Bidirectional WDM-PON based on gain-saturated reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 2460-2462, 2005
[CrossRef]

Proc. of OFC’2005 (1)

K. H. Han, E. S. Son, K. W. Lim, H. Y. Choi, S. P. Jung, and Y. C. Chung, “Bi-directional WDM Passive Optical Network using Spectrum-Sliced Light-Emitting Diodes,” in Proc. of OFC"2005, Los Angeles, CA, Paper MF98

Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of (2)

M. Munroe, J. Cooper, and M. G. Raymer, “Spectral broadening of stochastic light intensity-smoothed by a saturated semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Elec., vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 548-551, 1998
[CrossRef]

G. V. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, “Self-phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Elec., vol. 25, no. 11, pp. 2297-2306, 1989
[CrossRef]

Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of (1)

K. Sato and H. Toba, “Reduction of mode partition noise by using semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Elec., vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 328-333, 2001
[CrossRef]

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