Abstract

In this paper we present an electronic domain solution for chromatic dispersion (CD) monitoring algorithm based on the estimated time domain channel in electronic domain using channel estimation methods. The proposed scheme utilizes kurtosis as a CD measurement, directly computed from the estimated inter-symbol-interference (ISI) channel due to the CD distortion. Hence, the proposed scheme exhibits robust performance under OSNR variation, in contrast to the existing electronic domain approach based on minimum mean squared error (MMSE) fractionally-spaced equalizer taps [1]. The simulation results verify the CD monitoring ability of the proposed scheme.

© 2008 Optical Society of Korea

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. Yi X., Buchali F., Chen W., and Shieh W. “Chromatic dispersion monitoring in electronic dispersion equalizers using tapped delay lines,” Opt. Exp., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 312-315, 2007
  2. D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss and A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring,” J. Lightwave Tech., vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 294–304, 2004
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. F. Elrefale, R. E. Wagner, D. A. Atlas, and D. G. Daut, “Chromatic dispersion limitations in coherent lightwave transmission systems,” J. Lightwave Tech., vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 704–709, 1988
  4. Savory S. J., “Digital filters for coherent optical receivers”, Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 804-817, 2008
    [CrossRef]
  5. Jin Wang and J.M. Kahn, “Performance of electrical equalizers in optically amplified OOK and DPSK systems”, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 1397–1399, 2004
    [CrossRef]
  6. Chen W., Buchali F., Yi X., Shieh W., Evans J.S., and Tucker R.S., “Chromatic dispersion and PMD mitigation at 10 Gb/s using Viterbi equalization for DPSK and DQPSK modulation formats”, Opt. Exp., vol. 15, no. 9, pp. 5271-5276, 2007
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss and A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring,” J. Lightwave Tech.. vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 294–304, 2004
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Liu, G. J. Pendock, and R. S. Tucker, “Chromatic dispersion monitoring using time-multiplexed in-band RF tones,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Optical Society of America, OThH6, 2005
  9. Ezra Ip and Joseph M. Kahn “Digital Equalization of Chromatic Dispersion and Polarization Mode Dispersion”, J. Lightwave. Tech., vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 2033-2043, 2007
    [CrossRef]
  10. Darlington, R. B. “Is Kurtosis Really Peakedness?” Amer. Statist. vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 19-22, 1970
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. D. Forney, “The Viterbi algorithm,” Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 268–278, 1973
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. M. Cioffi, G. P. Dudevoir, M. V. Eyuboglu, and G. D. Forney, “MMSE decision-feedback equalizers and coding-Part I: Equalization results,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 43, no. 10, pp. 2582–2594, 1995
    [CrossRef]
  13. W. Rosenkranz, C. Xia, “Electrical equalization for advanced optical communication systems,” International Journal of Electronics and Communications, vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 153-157, 2007
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Proakis, Digital Communication Systems, (New York, McGraw-Hill Science, 2000)
  15. Treichler, J. R. and Johnson, Jr., C. R. and Larimore, M. G., Theory and Design of Adaptive Filters, (Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice Hall, 2001)

2008 (1)

Savory S. J., “Digital filters for coherent optical receivers”, Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 804-817, 2008
[CrossRef]

2007 (4)

Yi X., Buchali F., Chen W., and Shieh W. “Chromatic dispersion monitoring in electronic dispersion equalizers using tapped delay lines,” Opt. Exp., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 312-315, 2007

Chen W., Buchali F., Yi X., Shieh W., Evans J.S., and Tucker R.S., “Chromatic dispersion and PMD mitigation at 10 Gb/s using Viterbi equalization for DPSK and DQPSK modulation formats”, Opt. Exp., vol. 15, no. 9, pp. 5271-5276, 2007
[CrossRef]

Ezra Ip and Joseph M. Kahn “Digital Equalization of Chromatic Dispersion and Polarization Mode Dispersion”, J. Lightwave. Tech., vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 2033-2043, 2007
[CrossRef]

W. Rosenkranz, C. Xia, “Electrical equalization for advanced optical communication systems,” International Journal of Electronics and Communications, vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 153-157, 2007
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

A. Liu, G. J. Pendock, and R. S. Tucker, “Chromatic dispersion monitoring using time-multiplexed in-band RF tones,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Optical Society of America, OThH6, 2005

2004 (3)

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss and A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring,” J. Lightwave Tech.. vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 294–304, 2004
[CrossRef]

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss and A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring,” J. Lightwave Tech., vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 294–304, 2004
[CrossRef]

Jin Wang and J.M. Kahn, “Performance of electrical equalizers in optically amplified OOK and DPSK systems”, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 1397–1399, 2004
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

Treichler, J. R. and Johnson, Jr., C. R. and Larimore, M. G., Theory and Design of Adaptive Filters, (Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice Hall, 2001)

2000 (1)

J. Proakis, Digital Communication Systems, (New York, McGraw-Hill Science, 2000)

1995 (1)

J. M. Cioffi, G. P. Dudevoir, M. V. Eyuboglu, and G. D. Forney, “MMSE decision-feedback equalizers and coding-Part I: Equalization results,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 43, no. 10, pp. 2582–2594, 1995
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

A. F. Elrefale, R. E. Wagner, D. A. Atlas, and D. G. Daut, “Chromatic dispersion limitations in coherent lightwave transmission systems,” J. Lightwave Tech., vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 704–709, 1988

1973 (1)

G. D. Forney, “The Viterbi algorithm,” Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 268–278, 1973
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

Darlington, R. B. “Is Kurtosis Really Peakedness?” Amer. Statist. vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 19-22, 1970
[CrossRef]

AEU - International Journal of Electronics and Communications (1)

W. Rosenkranz, C. Xia, “Electrical equalization for advanced optical communication systems,” International Journal of Electronics and Communications, vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 153-157, 2007
[CrossRef]

Communications, IEEE Transactions on (1)

J. M. Cioffi, G. P. Dudevoir, M. V. Eyuboglu, and G. D. Forney, “MMSE decision-feedback equalizers and coding-Part I: Equalization results,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 43, no. 10, pp. 2582–2594, 1995
[CrossRef]

Lightwave Technology, Journal of (4)

Ezra Ip and Joseph M. Kahn “Digital Equalization of Chromatic Dispersion and Polarization Mode Dispersion”, J. Lightwave. Tech., vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 2033-2043, 2007
[CrossRef]

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss and A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring,” J. Lightwave Tech., vol. 22, no. 5, pp. 294–304, 2004
[CrossRef]

A. F. Elrefale, R. E. Wagner, D. A. Atlas, and D. G. Daut, “Chromatic dispersion limitations in coherent lightwave transmission systems,” J. Lightwave Tech., vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 704–709, 1988

D. C. Kilper, R. Bach, D. J. Blumenthal, D. Einstein, T. Landolsi, L. Ostar, M. Preiss and A. E. Willner, “Optical performance monitoring,” J. Lightwave Tech.. vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 294–304, 2004
[CrossRef]

Opt. Exp. (1)

Yi X., Buchali F., Chen W., and Shieh W. “Chromatic dispersion monitoring in electronic dispersion equalizers using tapped delay lines,” Opt. Exp., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 312-315, 2007

Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (1)

A. Liu, G. J. Pendock, and R. S. Tucker, “Chromatic dispersion monitoring using time-multiplexed in-band RF tones,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Optical Society of America, OThH6, 2005

Optics Express (2)

Chen W., Buchali F., Yi X., Shieh W., Evans J.S., and Tucker R.S., “Chromatic dispersion and PMD mitigation at 10 Gb/s using Viterbi equalization for DPSK and DQPSK modulation formats”, Opt. Exp., vol. 15, no. 9, pp. 5271-5276, 2007
[CrossRef]

Savory S. J., “Digital filters for coherent optical receivers”, Opt. Exp., vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 804-817, 2008
[CrossRef]

Photonics Technology Letters, IEEE (1)

Jin Wang and J.M. Kahn, “Performance of electrical equalizers in optically amplified OOK and DPSK systems”, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 1397–1399, 2004
[CrossRef]

Proceedings of the IEEE (1)

G. D. Forney, “The Viterbi algorithm,” Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 268–278, 1973
[CrossRef]

The American Statistician (1)

Darlington, R. B. “Is Kurtosis Really Peakedness?” Amer. Statist. vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 19-22, 1970
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

J. Proakis, Digital Communication Systems, (New York, McGraw-Hill Science, 2000)

Treichler, J. R. and Johnson, Jr., C. R. and Larimore, M. G., Theory and Design of Adaptive Filters, (Englewood Cliffs, NJ, Prentice Hall, 2001)

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.