Abstract

We investigated how the polarization-mode dispersion (PMD) tolerance was degraded by semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA)-induced chirp for the 10 Gb/s nonreturn-to-zero (NRZ), duobinary NRZ, return-to-zero (RZ), and carrier-suppressed RZ (CS-RZ) modulation formats. The power penalty was calculated as a measure of the system performance due to PMD for a given SOA-induced chirp. Considering only first-order PMD, all modulation formats have a similar PMD tolerance regardless of SOA-induced chirp. On the other hand, when both first- and second-order PMD are considered, the PMD tolerance of all modulation formats with the exception of the CS-RZ modulation format are degraded by SOA-induced chirp. Among all modulation formats considered here, the NRZ modulation format has the PMD tolerance with the highest sensitivity to SOA-induced chirp. When the peak-to-peak chirp induced by SOAs is <TEX>$0.28{\AA}$</TEX>, its PMD tolerance is degraded up to 4 dB for a differential group delay (DGD) of 50 ps. However, the PMD tolerance of the CS-RZ modulation format is largely unaffected by SOA-induced chirp.

© 2008 Optical Society of Korea

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |

  1. Henrik Sunnerud, Chongjin Xie, Magnus Karlsson, Robert Samuelsson, and Peter A. Andrekson, “A Comparison Between Different PMD Compensation Techniques,” J. Lightwave Tech., vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 368-378, 2002
    [CrossRef]
  2. Chongjin Xie, Lothar Moller, Herbert Haunstein, and Stefan Hunsche, “Comparison of System Tolerance to Polarization-Mode Dispersion Between Different Modulation Formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 1168-1170, 2003
    [CrossRef]
  3. W. Kaier, S.Otte, T. Wuth, and W. Rosenkranz, “Experimental Verification of Reduced Sensitivity of Optical Duobinary Modulation to Higher Order PMD,” in Tech. Dig., OFC"2002, Paper Tul5, 2002
  4. S. Hur, Y. Kim, H. Jang, and Jichai Jeong, “10 Gbps WDM transmission performance limits using in-line SOAs and an optical phase conjugator based on four-wave mixing in SOAs as a mid-span spectral inversion technique,” Opt. Exp., vol. 14, no. 11, pp. 4589- 4600, 2006
    [CrossRef]
  5. T, Y. Kim, J. Y. Kim, and S. K. Han, “All-optical Regenerator Using Semi-reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifier,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 11-15, 2006
  6. Moon-Ki Hong,Sang-Kook Han, and Sang-Hoon Lee, “Linearization of DFB LD by using Cross Gain Modulation of Reflective SOA in Radio-over-Fiber Link,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 158-161, 2007
  7. T. Watanabe, N. Sakaida, H. Yasaka, and M. Koga, “Chirp control of an optical signal using phase modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, no. 7, pp. 1082-1084, 2000
  8. W. Choi, S. Hur, J. Lee, Y. Kim, and J. Jeong, “Transmission performance analysis of <TEX>$8{\times}10$</TEX> Gbps WDM signals using cascaded SOA"s due to signal wavelength displacement,” J. Lightwave Tech., vol. 20, no. 8, pp. 1350-1356, 2002
    [CrossRef]
  9. Cristian Francis, Frank Bruyere, Denis Penninckx, and Michel chbat, “PMD Second-Order Effects on Pulse Propagation in Single-Mode Optical Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, no. 12, pp. 1739-1741, 1998
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Kogelnik, L. E. Nelson, and J. P. Gordon, “Emulation and Inversion of Polarization-Mode Dispersion,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 482-495, 2003
    [CrossRef]
  11. L. E. Nelson, R. M. Jopson, H. Kogelnik, and G. J. Foschini, “Measurement of Depolarization and Scaling Associated with Second-Order Polarization Mode Dispersion in Optical Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 1614-1616, 1999
    [CrossRef]
  12. Y. K. Park, and S. W. Granlund, “Optical Preamplifier Receivers: Application to Long-Haul Digital Transmission,” Optical Fiber Technol., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 59-71, 1994
    [CrossRef]
  13. Rodolfo A. A. Lima, Maria Cristina R. Carvalho, and Luiz Fernando M. Conrado, “On the simulation of digital optical links with EDFA"s: an accurate method for estimating BER through Gaussian approximation,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Elec., vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 1037-1044, 1997
    [CrossRef]

2007 (1)

Moon-Ki Hong,Sang-Kook Han, and Sang-Hoon Lee, “Linearization of DFB LD by using Cross Gain Modulation of Reflective SOA in Radio-over-Fiber Link,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 158-161, 2007

2006 (2)

S. Hur, Y. Kim, H. Jang, and Jichai Jeong, “10 Gbps WDM transmission performance limits using in-line SOAs and an optical phase conjugator based on four-wave mixing in SOAs as a mid-span spectral inversion technique,” Opt. Exp., vol. 14, no. 11, pp. 4589- 4600, 2006
[CrossRef]

T, Y. Kim, J. Y. Kim, and S. K. Han, “All-optical Regenerator Using Semi-reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifier,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 11-15, 2006

2003 (2)

Chongjin Xie, Lothar Moller, Herbert Haunstein, and Stefan Hunsche, “Comparison of System Tolerance to Polarization-Mode Dispersion Between Different Modulation Formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 1168-1170, 2003
[CrossRef]

H. Kogelnik, L. E. Nelson, and J. P. Gordon, “Emulation and Inversion of Polarization-Mode Dispersion,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 482-495, 2003
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

Henrik Sunnerud, Chongjin Xie, Magnus Karlsson, Robert Samuelsson, and Peter A. Andrekson, “A Comparison Between Different PMD Compensation Techniques,” J. Lightwave Tech., vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 368-378, 2002
[CrossRef]

W. Kaier, S.Otte, T. Wuth, and W. Rosenkranz, “Experimental Verification of Reduced Sensitivity of Optical Duobinary Modulation to Higher Order PMD,” in Tech. Dig., OFC"2002, Paper Tul5, 2002

W. Choi, S. Hur, J. Lee, Y. Kim, and J. Jeong, “Transmission performance analysis of <TEX>$8{\times}10$</TEX> Gbps WDM signals using cascaded SOA"s due to signal wavelength displacement,” J. Lightwave Tech., vol. 20, no. 8, pp. 1350-1356, 2002
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

T. Watanabe, N. Sakaida, H. Yasaka, and M. Koga, “Chirp control of an optical signal using phase modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, no. 7, pp. 1082-1084, 2000

1999 (1)

L. E. Nelson, R. M. Jopson, H. Kogelnik, and G. J. Foschini, “Measurement of Depolarization and Scaling Associated with Second-Order Polarization Mode Dispersion in Optical Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 1614-1616, 1999
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

Cristian Francis, Frank Bruyere, Denis Penninckx, and Michel chbat, “PMD Second-Order Effects on Pulse Propagation in Single-Mode Optical Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, no. 12, pp. 1739-1741, 1998
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

Rodolfo A. A. Lima, Maria Cristina R. Carvalho, and Luiz Fernando M. Conrado, “On the simulation of digital optical links with EDFA"s: an accurate method for estimating BER through Gaussian approximation,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Elec., vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 1037-1044, 1997
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

Y. K. Park, and S. W. Granlund, “Optical Preamplifier Receivers: Application to Long-Haul Digital Transmission,” Optical Fiber Technol., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 59-71, 1994
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

T. Watanabe, N. Sakaida, H. Yasaka, and M. Koga, “Chirp control of an optical signal using phase modulation in a semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, no. 7, pp. 1082-1084, 2000

in Tech. Dig., OFC’2002 (1)

W. Kaier, S.Otte, T. Wuth, and W. Rosenkranz, “Experimental Verification of Reduced Sensitivity of Optical Duobinary Modulation to Higher Order PMD,” in Tech. Dig., OFC"2002, Paper Tul5, 2002

Journal of the Optical Society of Korea (2)

T, Y. Kim, J. Y. Kim, and S. K. Han, “All-optical Regenerator Using Semi-reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifier,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 11-15, 2006

Moon-Ki Hong,Sang-Kook Han, and Sang-Hoon Lee, “Linearization of DFB LD by using Cross Gain Modulation of Reflective SOA in Radio-over-Fiber Link,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 158-161, 2007

Lightwave Technology, Journal of (3)

W. Choi, S. Hur, J. Lee, Y. Kim, and J. Jeong, “Transmission performance analysis of <TEX>$8{\times}10$</TEX> Gbps WDM signals using cascaded SOA"s due to signal wavelength displacement,” J. Lightwave Tech., vol. 20, no. 8, pp. 1350-1356, 2002
[CrossRef]

Henrik Sunnerud, Chongjin Xie, Magnus Karlsson, Robert Samuelsson, and Peter A. Andrekson, “A Comparison Between Different PMD Compensation Techniques,” J. Lightwave Tech., vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 368-378, 2002
[CrossRef]

H. Kogelnik, L. E. Nelson, and J. P. Gordon, “Emulation and Inversion of Polarization-Mode Dispersion,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 482-495, 2003
[CrossRef]

Optical Fiber Technology (1)

Y. K. Park, and S. W. Granlund, “Optical Preamplifier Receivers: Application to Long-Haul Digital Transmission,” Optical Fiber Technol., vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 59-71, 1994
[CrossRef]

Optics Express (1)

S. Hur, Y. Kim, H. Jang, and Jichai Jeong, “10 Gbps WDM transmission performance limits using in-line SOAs and an optical phase conjugator based on four-wave mixing in SOAs as a mid-span spectral inversion technique,” Opt. Exp., vol. 14, no. 11, pp. 4589- 4600, 2006
[CrossRef]

Photonics Technology Letters, IEEE (3)

Chongjin Xie, Lothar Moller, Herbert Haunstein, and Stefan Hunsche, “Comparison of System Tolerance to Polarization-Mode Dispersion Between Different Modulation Formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 1168-1170, 2003
[CrossRef]

Cristian Francis, Frank Bruyere, Denis Penninckx, and Michel chbat, “PMD Second-Order Effects on Pulse Propagation in Single-Mode Optical Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, no. 12, pp. 1739-1741, 1998
[CrossRef]

L. E. Nelson, R. M. Jopson, H. Kogelnik, and G. J. Foschini, “Measurement of Depolarization and Scaling Associated with Second-Order Polarization Mode Dispersion in Optical Fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, no. 12, pp. 1614-1616, 1999
[CrossRef]

Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of (1)

Rodolfo A. A. Lima, Maria Cristina R. Carvalho, and Luiz Fernando M. Conrado, “On the simulation of digital optical links with EDFA"s: an accurate method for estimating BER through Gaussian approximation,” IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Elec., vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 1037-1044, 1997
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.