Abstract

40 Gbps WDM Systems using super-Gaussian RZ pulses have been studied by numerical simulation to optimize their performance. The assumption of standard single mode fiber is valid when existing WDM systems are required to upgrade their performance to 40Gbps. It is shown that the standard single mode fiber can transmit optical signals over 720 km (Q > 10) by optimizing optical and electrical filter characteristics at the receiver and by compensation of dispersion. However, it is also shown that <TEX>${\pm}0.3%$</TEX> dispersion compensation tolerance per span (80 km) could prohibit transmitting over 320km (Q > 10). In addition, a duty cycle of less than 0.4 degrades system performance significantly.

© 2008 Optical Society of Korea

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  1. H. Taga, “Long distance transmission experiments using WDM technology,” J. Lightwave. Tech., vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 1287-1298, June 1996
    [Crossref]
  2. D. Breuer, K. Obermann, K. Petermann, “Comparison of N <TEX>${\times}$</TEX> 40 Gb/s and 4 N <TEX>${\times}$</TEX> 10 Gb/s WDM Transmission over standard single-mode fiber at 1.55 um,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, no. 12, pp. 1793-1795, Dec. 1998
    [Crossref]
  3. F. Forghieri, “Granularity in WDM Networks: The Role of Fiber Nonlinearities,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, no. 10, pp. 1400-1402, Oct. 1996
    [Crossref]
  4. C.J. Anderson, J.A. Lyle, “Technique for evaluating system performance using Q in numerical simulations exhibiting intersymbol interference,” Electronics Letters, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 71-72, Jan. 1994
    [Crossref]
  5. G.P. Agrawal, Lightwave Technology Telecommunication Systems (John Wiley & Sons, New Jersey, 2005) Chapter 5
  6. C. K. Madsen and J. H. Zhao, Optical Filter Design and Analysis, (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1999) Chapter 4
  7. M.I. Hayee, A.E. Willner, “NRZ Versus RZ in 10-40 Gb/s Dispersion-Managed WDM Transmission Systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, no. 8, pp. 991-993, 1999
    [Crossref]
  8. G. Wenke, M. Kimmek, “Considerations on the a-factor of Nonideal, External Optical Mach-Zehnder Modulators,” J. Opt. Comm., vol. 17, no. 2, p. 42-48, 1996
  9. Koyama, K. Iga, “Frequency Chirping in external Modulators,” J. Lightwave. Tech., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 87-93, Jan. 1988
    [Crossref]
  10. A. H. Gnauck, R.W. Tkach, M. Mazurczyk, “Interplay of Chirp and Self Phase Modulation in Dispersion-Limited Optical Transmission Systems,” Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications, TuC4.4, pp. 105-108, 1993
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    [Crossref]
  12. H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “A comparison between NRZ and RZ Data Formats with respect to PMD-Induced System Degradation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 448-450, May 2001
    [Crossref]

2005 (1)

G.P. Agrawal, Lightwave Technology Telecommunication Systems (John Wiley & Sons, New Jersey, 2005) Chapter 5

2001 (1)

H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “A comparison between NRZ and RZ Data Formats with respect to PMD-Induced System Degradation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 448-450, May 2001
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Analytical theory for PMD-compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 50-52, Jan. 2000
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

C. K. Madsen and J. H. Zhao, Optical Filter Design and Analysis, (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1999) Chapter 4

M.I. Hayee, A.E. Willner, “NRZ Versus RZ in 10-40 Gb/s Dispersion-Managed WDM Transmission Systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, no. 8, pp. 991-993, 1999
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

D. Breuer, K. Obermann, K. Petermann, “Comparison of N <TEX>${\times}$</TEX> 40 Gb/s and 4 N <TEX>${\times}$</TEX> 10 Gb/s WDM Transmission over standard single-mode fiber at 1.55 um,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, no. 12, pp. 1793-1795, Dec. 1998
[Crossref]

1996 (3)

F. Forghieri, “Granularity in WDM Networks: The Role of Fiber Nonlinearities,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, no. 10, pp. 1400-1402, Oct. 1996
[Crossref]

H. Taga, “Long distance transmission experiments using WDM technology,” J. Lightwave. Tech., vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 1287-1298, June 1996
[Crossref]

G. Wenke, M. Kimmek, “Considerations on the a-factor of Nonideal, External Optical Mach-Zehnder Modulators,” J. Opt. Comm., vol. 17, no. 2, p. 42-48, 1996

1994 (1)

C.J. Anderson, J.A. Lyle, “Technique for evaluating system performance using Q in numerical simulations exhibiting intersymbol interference,” Electronics Letters, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 71-72, Jan. 1994
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

A. H. Gnauck, R.W. Tkach, M. Mazurczyk, “Interplay of Chirp and Self Phase Modulation in Dispersion-Limited Optical Transmission Systems,” Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications, TuC4.4, pp. 105-108, 1993

1988 (1)

Koyama, K. Iga, “Frequency Chirping in external Modulators,” J. Lightwave. Tech., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 87-93, Jan. 1988
[Crossref]

Electronics Letters (1)

C.J. Anderson, J.A. Lyle, “Technique for evaluating system performance using Q in numerical simulations exhibiting intersymbol interference,” Electronics Letters, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 71-72, Jan. 1994
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Comm. (1)

G. Wenke, M. Kimmek, “Considerations on the a-factor of Nonideal, External Optical Mach-Zehnder Modulators,” J. Opt. Comm., vol. 17, no. 2, p. 42-48, 1996

Lightwave Technology, Journal of (2)

H. Taga, “Long distance transmission experiments using WDM technology,” J. Lightwave. Tech., vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 1287-1298, June 1996
[Crossref]

Koyama, K. Iga, “Frequency Chirping in external Modulators,” J. Lightwave. Tech., vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 87-93, Jan. 1988
[Crossref]

Photonics Technology Letters, IEEE (5)

D. Breuer, K. Obermann, K. Petermann, “Comparison of N <TEX>${\times}$</TEX> 40 Gb/s and 4 N <TEX>${\times}$</TEX> 10 Gb/s WDM Transmission over standard single-mode fiber at 1.55 um,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 10, no. 12, pp. 1793-1795, Dec. 1998
[Crossref]

H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “A comparison between NRZ and RZ Data Formats with respect to PMD-Induced System Degradation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 448-450, May 2001
[Crossref]

F. Forghieri, “Granularity in WDM Networks: The Role of Fiber Nonlinearities,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 8, no. 10, pp. 1400-1402, Oct. 1996
[Crossref]

M.I. Hayee, A.E. Willner, “NRZ Versus RZ in 10-40 Gb/s Dispersion-Managed WDM Transmission Systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 11, no. 8, pp. 991-993, 1999
[Crossref]

H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Analytical theory for PMD-compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 50-52, Jan. 2000
[Crossref]

Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications, TuC4.4 (1)

A. H. Gnauck, R.W. Tkach, M. Mazurczyk, “Interplay of Chirp and Self Phase Modulation in Dispersion-Limited Optical Transmission Systems,” Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications, TuC4.4, pp. 105-108, 1993

Other (2)

G.P. Agrawal, Lightwave Technology Telecommunication Systems (John Wiley & Sons, New Jersey, 2005) Chapter 5

C. K. Madsen and J. H. Zhao, Optical Filter Design and Analysis, (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1999) Chapter 4

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