Abstract

We investigated the laser pulse-width dependence of dense plasmas confined within the magnetic length of <TEX>$In_{0.2}Ga_{0.8}As$</TEX>/GaAs multiple quantum wells under high magnetic fields up to 31 T. To fully fill the Landau levels of effectively zero-dimensional system, we used intense femtosecond (fs) laser pulses to create carrier densities near <TEX>$10^{13}/cm^2$</TEX>. The observed photoluminescence showed a characteristic of superfluorescence, above critical magnetic field when being excited by pulses shorter than coherence buildup time.

© 2008 Optical Society of Korea

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  1. Hui Deng, Gregor Weihs, Charles Santori, Jacqueline Bloch, and Yoshihisa Yamamoto, “Condensation of Semiconductor Microcavity Exciton Polaritons,” Science, vol. 298, no. 4, pp. 199-202, 2002; J Keeling, F M Marchetti, M H Szyma\acutenska, and P B Littlewood,“Collective coherence in planar semiconductor microcavities,” Semicond. Sci. Technol., vol. 22, no. 5, pp. R1-R26, 2007
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Bonifacio and L. A. Luiato, “Cooperative radiation processes in two-level systems: Superfluorescence,” Phys. Rev. A, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 1507-1521, 1975
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. A. Belyanin, V. V. Kocharovsky, and Vl. V. Kocharovsky, “Collecitve QED processes of electronhole recombination and electron-positron annihilation in a strong magnetic field,” Quantum Semiclass. Opt., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 1-44, 1997; A. A. Belyanin, V. V. Kocharovsky, VI. V. Kocharovsky, and D. S Pestov, “Novel schemes and prospects of superradiant lasing in heterostructures,” Laser Phys., vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 161- 167, 2003
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. Skribanowitz, I. P. Herman, J. C. MacGillivray, and M. S. Feld, “Observation of Dicke superradiance in optically pumped HF gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 30, no. 8, pp. 309-312, 1973
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. M. Gibbs, Q. H. F. Vrehen, and H. M. J. Hikspoors, “Single-pulse superfluorescence in Cesium,”Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 39, no. 9, pp. 547-550, 1977
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. Florian, L. O. Schwan, and D. Schmid, “Superradiance and high-gain mirrorless laser activity of <TEX>$O^{-}\:_{{2}^{-}}$</TEX>centers in KCl,” Solid State Commun., vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 55-57, 1982
    [CrossRef]
  7. Michelle S. Malcuit, Jeffery J. Maki, David J. Simkin, and Robert W. Boyd, “Transition from superfluorescence to amplified spontaneous emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 59, no. 11, pp. 1189-1192, 1987
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. D. Jho, Xiaoming Wang, J. Kono, D. H. Reitze, X. Wei, A. A. Belyanin, V. V. Kocharovsky, Vl. V. Kocharovsky, and G. S. Solomon, “Cooperative Recombination of a Quantized High-Density Electron-Hole Plasma in Semiconductor Quantum Wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 96, no., pp. 237401-237404, 2006
  9. Y. D. Jho, X. Wang, J. Kono, D. H. Reitze, X. Wei, A. A. Belyanin, V. V. Kocharovsky, VL. V. Kocharovsky, and G. S. Solomon, “Superfluorescence from Dense Electron-Hole Plasmas under High Magnetic Fields,” J. Mod. Opt., vol. 53, no. 16&17, pp. 2325-2335, 2006
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. D. Jho, F. V. Kyrychenko, J. Kono, X. Wei, S. A. Crooker, G. D. Sanders, D. H. Reitze, C. J. Stanton, and G. S. Solomon, “Role of Coulomb interactions in dark-bright magnetoexciton mixing in strained quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B, vol. 72, no., pp. 45340-45346, 2005
  11. S. Adams, I. Galbraith, B. N. Murdin, K. W. Mitchell, B. C. Cavenett, C. R. Pidgeon, P. B. Kirby, R. S. Smith, and B. Miller, “Direct measurement of the effective-mass renormalization in n-type modulationdoped <TEX>$Al_{0.23}Ga_{0.77}As/In_{0.08}Ga_{0.92}$</TEX>As/GaAs quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B, vol. 46, no. 20, pp. 13611-13614, 1992
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. M. Nemilentsau, G. Ya. Slepyan, and S. A. Maksimenko, “Direct observation of the Mott transition in an optically excited semiconductor quantum well,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 94, no., pp. 147403-147407, 2005
  13. Y. D. Jho, X. Wang, J. Kono, D. H. Reitze, X. Wei, A. A. Belyanin, V. V. Kocharovsky, Vl. V. Kocharovsky, G. S. Solomon, “Time-integrated evidences for superfluorescence from dense electron-hole magneto-plasmas in semiconductor quantum wells,” in preparation (arxiv: cond-matt/0601483)
  14. L. V. Butov, V. D. Egorov, V. D. Kulakovskii, and T. G. Andersson, “Magnetoluminescence study of manybody effects in a dense electron-hole plasma of strained <TEX>$In_{x}Ga_{1-x}As$</TEX>/GaAs quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B, vol. 46, no. 23, pp. 15156-15162, 1992
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Mysyrowicz, D. Hulin, A. Antonetti, A. Migus, W. T. Masselink, and H. Morkoc, “Dressed excitons in a multiple-quantum-well structure: evidence for an optical Stark effect with femtosecond response time,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 56, no. 25, pp. 2748-2751, 1986
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. C. Tatham, J. F. Ryan, and C. T. Foxon, “Timeresolved Raman measurements of intersubband relaxation in GaAs quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 63, no. 15, pp. 1637-1640, 1989
    [CrossRef]
  17. J Keeling, F M Marchetti, M H Szyma\acutenska, and P B Littlewood,“Collective coherence in planar semiconductor microcavities,” Semicond. Sci. Technol., vol. 22, no. 5, pp. R1-R26, 2007
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. A. Belyanin, V. V. Kocharovsky, VI. V. Kocharovsky, and D. S Pestov, “Novel schemes and prospects of superradiant lasing in heterostructures,” Laser Phys., vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 161- 167, 2003

2007 (1)

J Keeling, F M Marchetti, M H Szyma\acutenska, and P B Littlewood,“Collective coherence in planar semiconductor microcavities,” Semicond. Sci. Technol., vol. 22, no. 5, pp. R1-R26, 2007
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

Y. D. Jho, Xiaoming Wang, J. Kono, D. H. Reitze, X. Wei, A. A. Belyanin, V. V. Kocharovsky, Vl. V. Kocharovsky, and G. S. Solomon, “Cooperative Recombination of a Quantized High-Density Electron-Hole Plasma in Semiconductor Quantum Wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 96, no., pp. 237401-237404, 2006

Y. D. Jho, X. Wang, J. Kono, D. H. Reitze, X. Wei, A. A. Belyanin, V. V. Kocharovsky, VL. V. Kocharovsky, and G. S. Solomon, “Superfluorescence from Dense Electron-Hole Plasmas under High Magnetic Fields,” J. Mod. Opt., vol. 53, no. 16&17, pp. 2325-2335, 2006
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

Y. D. Jho, F. V. Kyrychenko, J. Kono, X. Wei, S. A. Crooker, G. D. Sanders, D. H. Reitze, C. J. Stanton, and G. S. Solomon, “Role of Coulomb interactions in dark-bright magnetoexciton mixing in strained quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B, vol. 72, no., pp. 45340-45346, 2005

A. M. Nemilentsau, G. Ya. Slepyan, and S. A. Maksimenko, “Direct observation of the Mott transition in an optically excited semiconductor quantum well,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 94, no., pp. 147403-147407, 2005

2003 (1)

A. A. Belyanin, V. V. Kocharovsky, VI. V. Kocharovsky, and D. S Pestov, “Novel schemes and prospects of superradiant lasing in heterostructures,” Laser Phys., vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 161- 167, 2003

2002 (1)

Hui Deng, Gregor Weihs, Charles Santori, Jacqueline Bloch, and Yoshihisa Yamamoto, “Condensation of Semiconductor Microcavity Exciton Polaritons,” Science, vol. 298, no. 4, pp. 199-202, 2002; J Keeling, F M Marchetti, M H Szyma\acutenska, and P B Littlewood,“Collective coherence in planar semiconductor microcavities,” Semicond. Sci. Technol., vol. 22, no. 5, pp. R1-R26, 2007
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

A. A. Belyanin, V. V. Kocharovsky, and Vl. V. Kocharovsky, “Collecitve QED processes of electronhole recombination and electron-positron annihilation in a strong magnetic field,” Quantum Semiclass. Opt., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 1-44, 1997; A. A. Belyanin, V. V. Kocharovsky, VI. V. Kocharovsky, and D. S Pestov, “Novel schemes and prospects of superradiant lasing in heterostructures,” Laser Phys., vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 161- 167, 2003
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

S. Adams, I. Galbraith, B. N. Murdin, K. W. Mitchell, B. C. Cavenett, C. R. Pidgeon, P. B. Kirby, R. S. Smith, and B. Miller, “Direct measurement of the effective-mass renormalization in n-type modulationdoped <TEX>$Al_{0.23}Ga_{0.77}As/In_{0.08}Ga_{0.92}$</TEX>As/GaAs quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B, vol. 46, no. 20, pp. 13611-13614, 1992
[CrossRef]

L. V. Butov, V. D. Egorov, V. D. Kulakovskii, and T. G. Andersson, “Magnetoluminescence study of manybody effects in a dense electron-hole plasma of strained <TEX>$In_{x}Ga_{1-x}As$</TEX>/GaAs quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B, vol. 46, no. 23, pp. 15156-15162, 1992
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

M. C. Tatham, J. F. Ryan, and C. T. Foxon, “Timeresolved Raman measurements of intersubband relaxation in GaAs quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 63, no. 15, pp. 1637-1640, 1989
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

Michelle S. Malcuit, Jeffery J. Maki, David J. Simkin, and Robert W. Boyd, “Transition from superfluorescence to amplified spontaneous emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 59, no. 11, pp. 1189-1192, 1987
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

A. Mysyrowicz, D. Hulin, A. Antonetti, A. Migus, W. T. Masselink, and H. Morkoc, “Dressed excitons in a multiple-quantum-well structure: evidence for an optical Stark effect with femtosecond response time,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 56, no. 25, pp. 2748-2751, 1986
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

R. Florian, L. O. Schwan, and D. Schmid, “Superradiance and high-gain mirrorless laser activity of <TEX>$O^{-}\:_{{2}^{-}}$</TEX>centers in KCl,” Solid State Commun., vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 55-57, 1982
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

H. M. Gibbs, Q. H. F. Vrehen, and H. M. J. Hikspoors, “Single-pulse superfluorescence in Cesium,”Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 39, no. 9, pp. 547-550, 1977
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

R. Bonifacio and L. A. Luiato, “Cooperative radiation processes in two-level systems: Superfluorescence,” Phys. Rev. A, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 1507-1521, 1975
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

N. Skribanowitz, I. P. Herman, J. C. MacGillivray, and M. S. Feld, “Observation of Dicke superradiance in optically pumped HF gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 30, no. 8, pp. 309-312, 1973
[CrossRef]

Journal of Modern Optics (1)

Y. D. Jho, X. Wang, J. Kono, D. H. Reitze, X. Wei, A. A. Belyanin, V. V. Kocharovsky, VL. V. Kocharovsky, and G. S. Solomon, “Superfluorescence from Dense Electron-Hole Plasmas under High Magnetic Fields,” J. Mod. Opt., vol. 53, no. 16&17, pp. 2325-2335, 2006
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. (1)

A. A. Belyanin, V. V. Kocharovsky, VI. V. Kocharovsky, and D. S Pestov, “Novel schemes and prospects of superradiant lasing in heterostructures,” Laser Phys., vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 161- 167, 2003

Phys. Rev. A (1)

R. Bonifacio and L. A. Luiato, “Cooperative radiation processes in two-level systems: Superfluorescence,” Phys. Rev. A, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 1507-1521, 1975
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

Y. D. Jho, F. V. Kyrychenko, J. Kono, X. Wei, S. A. Crooker, G. D. Sanders, D. H. Reitze, C. J. Stanton, and G. S. Solomon, “Role of Coulomb interactions in dark-bright magnetoexciton mixing in strained quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B, vol. 72, no., pp. 45340-45346, 2005

S. Adams, I. Galbraith, B. N. Murdin, K. W. Mitchell, B. C. Cavenett, C. R. Pidgeon, P. B. Kirby, R. S. Smith, and B. Miller, “Direct measurement of the effective-mass renormalization in n-type modulationdoped <TEX>$Al_{0.23}Ga_{0.77}As/In_{0.08}Ga_{0.92}$</TEX>As/GaAs quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B, vol. 46, no. 20, pp. 13611-13614, 1992
[CrossRef]

L. V. Butov, V. D. Egorov, V. D. Kulakovskii, and T. G. Andersson, “Magnetoluminescence study of manybody effects in a dense electron-hole plasma of strained <TEX>$In_{x}Ga_{1-x}As$</TEX>/GaAs quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. B, vol. 46, no. 23, pp. 15156-15162, 1992
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (7)

A. Mysyrowicz, D. Hulin, A. Antonetti, A. Migus, W. T. Masselink, and H. Morkoc, “Dressed excitons in a multiple-quantum-well structure: evidence for an optical Stark effect with femtosecond response time,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 56, no. 25, pp. 2748-2751, 1986
[CrossRef]

M. C. Tatham, J. F. Ryan, and C. T. Foxon, “Timeresolved Raman measurements of intersubband relaxation in GaAs quantum wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 63, no. 15, pp. 1637-1640, 1989
[CrossRef]

Michelle S. Malcuit, Jeffery J. Maki, David J. Simkin, and Robert W. Boyd, “Transition from superfluorescence to amplified spontaneous emission,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 59, no. 11, pp. 1189-1192, 1987
[CrossRef]

Y. D. Jho, Xiaoming Wang, J. Kono, D. H. Reitze, X. Wei, A. A. Belyanin, V. V. Kocharovsky, Vl. V. Kocharovsky, and G. S. Solomon, “Cooperative Recombination of a Quantized High-Density Electron-Hole Plasma in Semiconductor Quantum Wells,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 96, no., pp. 237401-237404, 2006

A. M. Nemilentsau, G. Ya. Slepyan, and S. A. Maksimenko, “Direct observation of the Mott transition in an optically excited semiconductor quantum well,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 94, no., pp. 147403-147407, 2005

N. Skribanowitz, I. P. Herman, J. C. MacGillivray, and M. S. Feld, “Observation of Dicke superradiance in optically pumped HF gas,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 30, no. 8, pp. 309-312, 1973
[CrossRef]

H. M. Gibbs, Q. H. F. Vrehen, and H. M. J. Hikspoors, “Single-pulse superfluorescence in Cesium,”Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 39, no. 9, pp. 547-550, 1977
[CrossRef]

Quantum Semiclass. Opt. (1)

A. A. Belyanin, V. V. Kocharovsky, and Vl. V. Kocharovsky, “Collecitve QED processes of electronhole recombination and electron-positron annihilation in a strong magnetic field,” Quantum Semiclass. Opt., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 1-44, 1997; A. A. Belyanin, V. V. Kocharovsky, VI. V. Kocharovsky, and D. S Pestov, “Novel schemes and prospects of superradiant lasing in heterostructures,” Laser Phys., vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 161- 167, 2003
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

Hui Deng, Gregor Weihs, Charles Santori, Jacqueline Bloch, and Yoshihisa Yamamoto, “Condensation of Semiconductor Microcavity Exciton Polaritons,” Science, vol. 298, no. 4, pp. 199-202, 2002; J Keeling, F M Marchetti, M H Szyma\acutenska, and P B Littlewood,“Collective coherence in planar semiconductor microcavities,” Semicond. Sci. Technol., vol. 22, no. 5, pp. R1-R26, 2007
[CrossRef]

Semiconductor Science and Technology (1)

J Keeling, F M Marchetti, M H Szyma\acutenska, and P B Littlewood,“Collective coherence in planar semiconductor microcavities,” Semicond. Sci. Technol., vol. 22, no. 5, pp. R1-R26, 2007
[CrossRef]

Solid State Communications (1)

R. Florian, L. O. Schwan, and D. Schmid, “Superradiance and high-gain mirrorless laser activity of <TEX>$O^{-}\:_{{2}^{-}}$</TEX>centers in KCl,” Solid State Commun., vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 55-57, 1982
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

Y. D. Jho, X. Wang, J. Kono, D. H. Reitze, X. Wei, A. A. Belyanin, V. V. Kocharovsky, Vl. V. Kocharovsky, G. S. Solomon, “Time-integrated evidences for superfluorescence from dense electron-hole magneto-plasmas in semiconductor quantum wells,” in preparation (arxiv: cond-matt/0601483)

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